Best Practices and Policies in the Region (Boriana Gocheva)

Best Practices and Policies in the Region (Boriana Gocheva)

Safety and Health atWork: best practices andpolicies in the regionThe case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Country political context‣ Two separate entities (FBiH and RS) with ownconstitutions, legislative frameworks andinstitutions‣ Marginal similarities in regulation of the public andprivate sector despite the ‘common roots’ (FormerYugoslavia) FBiH: high level of decentralization, cantonal structure andcantonal-level responsibilities FBiH: war legacy – large number of people of working age whoalready have some level of ‘body damage’ and need specialworking conditions RS: highly centralized decision making on safety at work2

Country economic context‣ Economic decline, rising poverty‣ Private sector is not very dynamic‣ Private sector is very diverse – lots of SMEsand service providers wit limited capacity formeaningful health and safety at work policiesand interventions‣ Oversized civil service sector‣ Still quite big segment of the companies arestate owned or partially state owned,privatization has not been completed

Country institutional and legalcontext‣ Who is responsible for health and safetyat work (national focal points)?FBiH: MLSP and Federal Administrationfor InspectionRS: MLVA and RS InspectionAdministrationParticipate in a regional network oflabor inspection institutions‣ Legal framework in place‣ Collective agreements

Current status‣ Certain sectors are identified as bearinghigher risksWork in mines and quarriesBuilding materials productionConstruction and related sectors‣ With the support of the internationaldevelopment community:USAID ELMO Project, component 4(Strengthening Social Dialogue and LaborInspection)ILO

Most recent developments (1)‣ In February 2010, BiH ratified the ILOConvention 176 – Safety and Health inMines Convention Entity governments will thoroughly and regularlyinspect and investigate mining activity Entity governments will assure that safe and reliableemergency procedures are put in place It also allows that workers can freely and withoutprejudice notify authorities and management ofunsafe conditions, and they have the right to leave amining operation in the event of serious risk

Most recent developments (2) Mining employers operating in a country that hasratified No. 176 must seek to eliminate all miningdeaths and accidents by controlling and reducinginherent mining risks Employers must provide the necessary equipmentand communication systems to guarantee fullsecurity, and they must strive to preserve the landand the environment As well, employers must assure the well-being ofthe communities and the people near their miningholdings

Most recent developments (3)‣ Host of an International ConferenceMay 17-18, 2010, Banja LukaWill discuss the forthcoming reform agendaLearning from good practices

Reform agenda‣ Entity Law Enforcement‣ Harmonization with the EU: adoption ofEU risk management / risk assessmentinstruments‣ Workplace IMS (new templatesdeveloped)‣ Risk analysis and accident prevention‣ How to expand regulations to the SMEsector

One company example (1)‣ Enforcement of entity (FBiH) legislation atcompany level: action plan with roadmap‣ Additional company-level measures‣ Internal rules for assessing the risk of eachworkplace which are more rigorous‣ Preventive measures Food supplements Clothes and accessories Regular medical checks Occupational medicine specialist in the company

One company example (2)‣ Ergonomic measuresLightTemperatureVentilationFurniture, etc.‣ Company-level benefitsPregnancy and maternityChild benefits‣ Company social responsibility


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