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Ecotourism 05. The Area North of Valladolid in Spain. Tierra de Campos

The Tierra de Campos district in the province of Valladolid in Spain has a singular beauty of its own, dominated by the contrasts and intensity of the colours

The Tierra de Campos district in the province of Valladolid in Spain has a singular beauty of its own, dominated by the contrasts and intensity of the colours

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et

ecotourism

COUNTRY

TERRITORIAL

MUSEUM

IN SPAIN

THE AREA NORTH OF

VALLADOLID

TIERRA DE CAMPOS

#et05

Ecotourism 1


#et05

Spain

Other magazines of interest

2 Ecotourism


CONTENTS

nº 05

The Area North of Valladolid

Tierra de Campos

STAFF

[Edited by] CM

[Published by] SH

[International] JAS

[Commercial department]

CM / PGR

[Webmaster] fix-si.com

[Translation] Susan Mitchell

[Photos]

[Cover photo]

Pigeon-house in Bolaños de Campos

(Valladolid, Spain)

© MOLINA Y GUZMÁN

04. TIERRA DE CAMPOS the

ancient Gothic Plains of the Visigoths

(Campi Gothici or Campi Gothorum),

makes up an evocative landscape of

wide horizons.

08. COUNTRY TERRITORIAL

MUSEUM The whole of the Tierra de

Campos district at becoming a cultural

theme park.

10. SPANISH MOORISH ART The

cultural heritage includes some appealing

Spanish Mudejar monuments.

14. FOLK ARCHITECTURE The

pigeon-house has been recovered for

breeding pigeons.

18. BIRDWATCHING The extensive

landscape of Tierra de Campos is a

great natural attraction.

24. ROUTES Stone Columns, museums,

rivers, nature, the Castilla

canal, Pilgrim Way of Saint James and

pigeon-houses.

42. FESTIVALS, TRADITIONS

AND GASTRONOMY Tierra de

Campos has a varied cuisine based on

its natural resources.

44. PRACTICAL INFORMATION

Internet links and Practical information

to prepare your trip.

Ecotourism 3


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Traditional adobe pigeon-houses in Roales de Campos

4 Ecotourism


The Area North of Valladolid

Tierra de Campos

MOLINA Y GUZMÁN

Tierra de Campos, the ancient Gothic

Plains of the Visigoths (Campi Gothici

or Campi Gothorum), makes up

an evocative landscape of wide horizons

which transmits peace and serenity to visitors

to enjoy in a place where time has no

importance. It is an ideal district for those

in search of relaxation with pleasant and

out of the ordinary sensations. Its heritage,

nature, gastronomy and traditions are

recommendations for visiting, completed

by an attractive museum offer as well as the

interpretation centres..

The Tierra de Campos district in the province

of Valladolid has a singular beauty of its

own, dominated by the contrasts and intensity

of the colours. To the north and northeast

it borders with the province of León; to

the south with the municipal area of Medina

de Rioseco (Valladolid); to the east with the

province of Palencia and to the west with

the province of Zamora.

The territory is marked by small rural villages

with an average number of inhabitants

of 200 to 300. Villalón de Campos and

Mayorga exceed this number of inhabitants

with 2.000 and in Aguilar de Campos, Becilla

de Valderaduey, Bolaños de Campos

and La Unión de Campos the population is

between 300 and 400 inhabitants. 14 villages

have a population of fewer than 100

inhabitants. The average density is low and

barely reaches 8 inhabitants/km 2 .

Tierra de Campos is characteristically made

up of plains and farmland where cereal

crops are grown and its economy is basically

agricultural.

Ecotourism 5


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

INTERACTIVE MAP

SPAIN

To Valencia de Don Juan

Roales de Campos

Río Cea

To Benavente

N-610

Castrobol

Río Valderaduey

N-601

To León

Dehesa de San Vicente

Endemic Birdlif

Interpretation C

Monasterio de

Game Interpretation

C-621

Centre

Saelices de Mayorga

Torre San

viewpoin

Mayorga Villalba

Bread Museum de La Lo

Castroponce de Valderaduey

La Unión de Campos Becilla de

Valderaduey

Villavicencio de

los Caballeros

Quintanilla del Molar

Urones de Castroponce

Valdunquillo

Bolaños de Campos

Villamuriel de Campos

Villagó

Ce

de

Villalá

Aguilar de

Arroyo Ahogaborric

Palazue

Pork Pro

6 Ecotourism


TOWNS/VILLAGES IN TIERRA DE CAMPOS

Torre de Santiago

Viewpoint and observatory

Melgar de Arriba

e

entre

Vega

N-601

os

Melgar de Abajo

Berrueces

To Valladolid

To Villada

Río Sequillo

mez La Nueva Villanueva de La Condesa Viewpoint

Astronomical viewpoint and observatory

Bustillo and observatory Herrín de Campos

de Chaves Villalón Museum of Farming of Yesteryear

Calzado Vibot shoe museum

Villacid de Campos Cheese Museum and

el Abuelo Pigeon-house

Museum of Religious Art

Villafrades de Campos

Cuenca de Campos

N-610

inos

Lesser Kestrel

Observation point

Gatón de Campos

Campos

To Palencia

n de Campos C-611

Villabaruz de Campos

lo de Vedija

duce Museum

Santervás de Campos

Vega de Ruiponce

Andrés

Villacarralón

ts

Cabezón de Valderaduey

ma

Fontihoyuelo

Campos

Moral de la Reina

Tamariz de Campos

Observatory of the Lagoon

Canal de Castilla

Villanueva de San Mancio

Ecotourism 7


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Stone column in Mayorga

8 Ecotourism


Museum of the Countryside

The whole of the Tierra de Campos

district in the north of the province

of Vallodolid aims at becoming

a country territorial museum and a

cultural theme park by means of small

projects that boost the cultural life in

the villages, on one hand promoting environmental

education and on the other

becoming a tourist attraction.

The Bread Museum in Mayorga de

Campos is the first of the initiatives of

this type in Spain. It is housed in the

San Juan church in Mayorga de Campos

which has been rehabilitated for this

purpose. The Cheese Museum in Villalón

de Campos is housed in the old school

buildings on the avenida del Parque,

where you can see the cheese making

processes of the world-famous cheese

from Villalón called “pata de mulo” or

mule’s foot from its beginnings through

to present-day.

You can also visit the Interpretation

Centre of Pork Products in Palazuelo de

Vedija, the Interpretation Centre of the

endemic birdlife in Monasterio de Vega,

the Interpretation Centre of Hunting

in Saelices de Mayorga; as well as the

Calzado Vibot shoe museum, “El Palomar

del Abuelo” (Interpretation Centre

of the pigeon-house) and the Farming

of Yesteryear Exhibition in Villalón de

Campos not forgetting the Museum of

Religious Art in Cuenca de Campos.

ADRI VN

Additionally there are the viewpoints

and observatories at Melgar de Arriba,

Villanueva de la Condesa, Villalba de la

Loma, Herrín de Campos, Cuenca de

Campos and Tamariz de Campos.

Ecotourism 9


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

San Gervasio and San Protasio Church in Santervás de Campos

10 Ecotourism


Mudéjar (Spanish Moorish Art)

Cultural heritage

San Andrés Church in

Aguilar de Campos

ADRI VN

ADRI VN

The cultural heritage

includes some appealing

Spanish Mudejar

monuments, the origins of

this architectural style are

here in this region.

There is no town or village

without an example of this

architectural style and it is

worth mentioning the monuments

listed as Interesting

Cultural Property: the church

of San Andrés in Aguilar de

Campos; and in Cuenca de

Campos the church of San

Justo y Pastor as well as the

church of Santa María del

Castillo which now houses

the Ethnographic Museum

and Exhibition Hall.

There are also the church of

San Miguel and the church

of San Juan in Villalón de

Campos with its coffered

ceiling and recently restored

altarpiece from the school

of the master Palanquinos;

in Mayorga you have the

church of Santa María de

Arbas; not forgetting the

church of San Gervasio y

San Protasio in Santervás

de Campos with its unique

Romanic-Spanish Moorish

style.

Ecotourism 11


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

From the “miradores

towers you

ADRI VN

The Spanish

12 Ecotourism


mudéjares” the Spanish-Moorish ancient church

can see the whole of Tierra de Campos

Moorish style tower and ruins of the church of San Pelayo in Villavicencio de los Caballeros

ADRI VN

Mudejar coffering of the church of St. Mary in Bolaños de Campos

The magnificent collection

of Spanish

Moorish Mudejar

coffered ceilings

makes up

a an exceptionally

interesting

chapter that

includes

some of

the best the

province has

to offer like the

ones at Cuenca

de Campos, Ceinos

de Campos, Cabezón de

Valderaduey, Mayorga and

Villalón de Campos.

Just as attractive are the

“miradores mudéjares” or

the Moorish lookout points,

ancient church towers strategically

situated so from

them you can see the whole

of the countryside that

makes up Tierra de Campos

and on clear days you can

even see the foothills of the

Cantabrian Mountains to

the north.

The outstanding heritage in

the district includes the Roman

road and bridge at

Becilla de Valderaduey,

part of the itineraries that

the Romans mapped over

the length and width of the

Spanish peninsula.

Ecotourism 13


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

ESTRELLA ANDRÉS

Street in Villalón

14 Ecotourism


Civil and Folk Architecture

El Cubo or tower in

Villacid de Campos

is the only structure

remaining of the ancient

fortress. In fact it was a

watchtower you entered

through a low arch with an

ornamental frame.

The Villagómez Palace Castle

in Villagómez La Nueva

is situated within the town.

All that is left standing is the

façade on which you can see

the family coat of arms.

Some of the ruins will also

attract the attention of visitors

like the Spanish Moorish

style tower and ruins of

the church of San Pelayo in

Villavicencio de los Caballeros.

the fourteenth and fifteenth

centuries on the site of a

Palace–Fortress dating from

the eleventh and twelfth

centuries, as you can still

see from the arrow slit

window dating from that

period.

There are also the ruins of

the church of San Juan Bautista

in Tamariz de Campos

dating from the sixteenth

century (1554) with the

square stone tower, some

brick walls and the Renaissance

façade still standing.

Finally, the ruins of the

church of Santiago Apóstol

in Melgar de Arriba, a Spanish

Moorish building dating

from the fifteenth century.

ADRI VN

Roman bridge in Becilla de Valderaduey

The

church

was

built

between

Museum of Religious Art in

Cuenca de Campos

The place chosen to house

the museum is the church of

San Justo y Pastor, a Spanish

Moorish building from

the sixteenth century listed

as an example of Interesting

Cultural Property. The

church which in itself is a

museum of Spanish Moorish

art has an extraordinary

collection of religious

art including polychrome

wood sculptures distributed

throughout the museum.

Ecotourism 15


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

The pigeon-hou

one of th

ADRI VN

Traditional adobe pigeon-houses in

16 Ecotourism


se has been recovered for breeding pigeons,

e star ingredients of the local cuisine

ADRI VN

Out of the folk architecture

worth mentioning there

are the traditional

pigeon-houses, a

typical feature on

the cereal farmland,

this type

is unknown

outside Castilla

and León.

The round or

square pigeonhouses

were

originally built

to supplement the

family economy and

although a lot of them

are not in use now, more

and more are being recovered

for breeding pigeons that have become

a star ingredient of the local cuisine.

Additionally the pigeon droppings

are an excellent natural fertilizer.

There are huts that are rounded or circular

designed without much thought to

how they look and intended to keep farm

implements in the countryside.

The bodegas or wineries, in the vine

growing areas, have mainly been dug out

by hand using picks and shovels to make

caves in the hillsides near the towns and

villages.

The colonnaded streets with arcades supported

by stone columns like the ones at

Cuenca de Campos and Villalón de Campos

are also a typical feature. The streets

in these places are wide and long, forming

blocks with shopping streets around a

main square or Plaza Mayor.

Melgar de Abajo

Above, hut en Ceinos de Campos

Ecotourism 17


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Great Bustard in Tierra de Campos

18 Ecotourism


Bird watching tourism in

Tierra de Campos

The plains or cereal farmland

is attractive because of the

evoking landscape of wide

horizons which transmits peace and

serenity for visitors to enjoy where

time has no importance; this landscape

of wide horizons generates

a demand for those in search of

relaxation with pleasant

and out of the ordinary

sensations.

The extensive

landscape of

Tierra de

Campos

is a great

natural

attraction,

especially

its bird life,

consequently

38% of the

area has been

included in the

Red Natura 2000.

So that you can get to

know this natural wealth, Nature

Interpretation Centres have been

set up along with several different

observatories and viewpoints. It is

worth mentioning one of the first,

the Bird Interpretation Centre at

Monasterio de Vega.

The centre forms part of the European

TRINO project (Rural tourism

and bird watching), set in motion

by 14 local action groups from

Castilla and León, where you can

see the varied birdlife of the zone

(Montagu’s harrier, great bustard,

kestrels...)as well as the symbiosis

between agriculture and nature.

The Bird Interpretation Centre in

Saelices de Mayorga forms part of

the European Project for Tourism,

rural planning and hunting

called TORCAZ. Its

aim is to transmit

the idea that

«hunting

is a sustainable

activity

moving

away

from

the

black

legend

that has

surrounded

it» and

how agriculture

and farming

contribute to improving

the biodiversity.

European bee-eater

TRINO

Additionally there are: the Observatory

of the Tamariz de Campos

lake; an astronomical viewpoint

and observatory in Villanueva de La

Condesa; the Lesser Kestrel Viewpoint

in Cuenca de Campos; and

the viewpoints at Torre de Santiago

de Melgar de Arriba, the one at

Torre de San Andrés in Villalba de

La Loma and the one at Herrín de

Campos.

ADRI VN

Ecotourism 19


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

From the viewp

small birds lik

The Trino Project (Rural

tourism and bird watching)

is the plan of thirty Local Action

Groups, it has promoted

bird-watching tourism

in these territories together

with the towns and villages

in the area.

Different elements have

been developed for birdwatching

like the Bird

Interpretation Centre in

Monasterio de Vega, the Interpretation

Centre of Hunting

in Saelices de Mayorga

as well as the Observatory

of the Lagoon in Tamariz de

Campos.

In the area it is also worth

mentioning a viewpoint and

observatory for star gazing

in Villanueva de la Condesa,

the Lesser Kestrel Observation

point at Cuenca de

Campos, the Viewpoint de la

Torre de Santiago in Melgar

de Arriba, the Torre San

Andrés viewpoint at Villalba

de la Loma and viewpoint

and observatory in Herrín de

Campos. At almost all these

places you can see birds

of prey like kestrels, black

kites and Montagu’s harriers;

small birds like larks; or

steppe birds like the little

bustard, the great bustard

and the black-bellied sandgrouse.

TRINO

20 Ecotourism


oints you can see birds of prey like kestrels with

e Calandra larks and Steppe birds like the great

bustard and the little bustard

Land of wolves

In the territory of North Vallladolid,

from Cooperation Project "WOLF:

WildLife & Farmers", has done some

work to make available to any interested

hiking trails and points of interest

related to the wolf, both the animal and

wildlife related and uses livestock and

customs related to it. The European

Union’s Habitat Directive of 1992 established

the wolf population south of the

Duero as a species of EC interest, designating

conservation zones in order to

protect it. To the north of the Duero, the

situation is very different, and the wolf

is considered a game animal.

In the last twenty years the wolf has

come back to Tierra de Campos and it

is surprising how this animal co-exists

alongside humans and livestock, however

the large mastiff dogs that keep

the sheep put the wolves off attacking.

So now in the twenty-first century we

have this jewel of biodiversity that can

be called “the Steppe wolf”.

Little bustard

Ecotourism 21


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

ADRI VN

22 Ecotourism


Nature Areas

This district in the province of Valladolid

has six protected areas: Five SPAs

(Special protection areas for birds)

and one SCI (Sites of Community Importance).

The Nava-Campos Norte (SPA). The landscape

is mainly flat or slightly undulating

(at 700 metres) practically unforested and

mainly used for growing cereal crops. Several

rivers and streams run through here.

La Nava-Campos Sur (SPA). The relief is

flat or slightly undulating (the elevations

are below 800 metres) and with marked

deforestation, mainly used for unirrigated

cereal crops. It is worth mentioning a group

of small steppe type lakes.

Oteros-Cea (SPA). On the right bank of the

Cea river. The whole area is lowland (700

-800 metres). There are small seasonal lakes

which have some interest for water birds.

Penillanuras-Campos Norte (SPA). Between

the Cea and Valderaduey rivers. You can find

some seasonal steppe type lakes.

Penillanuras-Campos Sur (SPA). A small

area in the province of Valladolid between

the Cea and Valderaduey rivers. A series of

streams form small valleys where there are

some poplar groves.

Ribera del Río Cea (SCI). The area includes

and is marked out by the river and takes in

25 metres along each bank on both sides.

Canal de Castilla

Ecotourism 23


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

The Vítor Festival in Mayorga

24 Ecotourism


Routes through Tierra de Campos North Valladolid

CARLOS GONZÁLEZ XIMÉNEZ

Ecotourism 25


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

San Andrés Church, Aguilar de Campos

26 Ecotourism


Route of the

Stone Columns (Rollos)

ALFREDO MIGUEL ROMERO

Rollos Jurisdiccionales in Spanish, the

word “rollo” comes from the Latin

“rotulus” which means cylindrical, referring

to the stone columns that are symbols

of nobility and jurisdiction and a sign

that in the town justice was administrated

in the name of the Crown.

Later they were used as public pillories

where convicts were shamed. The 1812

Constitution decreed that all the symbols of

vassalage had to be removed. An order that

was repeated during the Second Republic.

The columns that remain standing (acts of

civil disobedience because they were not

destroyed) have been listed as artistic historic

heritage.

The outstanding columns in Tierra de Campos

include the Flamboyant Gothic column

in Villalón de Campos dating from 1523; the

column in Mayorga from 1426 built in Isabelline

Gothic style; the column in Aguilar

de Campos in Gothic Mudejar style from the

end of the sixteenth century; and finally the

column in Bolaños de Campos, probably the

most primitive in the province of Valladolid.

One of the most famous of these stone

columns in Spain stands in the centre of the

Plaza Mayor.

Ecotourism 27


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Endemic Birdlife

Interpretation Centre

Monasterio de Vega

Torre de Santiago

Viewpoint and observatory

Melgar de Arriba

Melgar de Abajo

Saelices de Mayorga

Hunting Interpretation

Centre

Mayorga de Campos

Bread Museum

Castrobol

Río Cea

Route along

the Banks of

the Cea river

28 Ecotourism


Route along the Banks

of the Cea river

In fact this route is made

up of ten easy itineraries

for you to enjoy the

riverbank landscapes of the

CEA river. It is one of the

most complete and extensive

paths through Tierra

de Campos with a few outstanding

landmarks worth

mentioning.

Between Melgar de Arriba

and Melgar de Abajo you will

discover the river woodland

and the Zamorana ravine.

On route from Melgar de

Arriba to Páramo, our destination,

besides the simple

pleasure of walking, you

can see steppe birds including

the great bustard, also

present between Melgar

de Abajo and Monasterio

de Vega and Santervás de

Campos.

From Monasterio de Vega

we can go on to Saelices de

Mayorga where there is an

lovely area of pigeon-houses

or along to Dehesa de la Aldea

to the Rebollar lake and

an ancient oak tree.

From Saelices de Mayorga

you can go to Mayorga

where you follow the

riverside woodland where

there are birds like herons

or mallards, or continue on

to Izagre to see the fauna

associated with the stream

through the Izagre valley,

the longest affluent of the

Cea river.

Finally, from Mayorga to

Castrobol where you can visit

the Molino farm and walk

along the Cañada Zamorana

ravine.

MÓNICA TRISTÁN

Cea River, Monasterio de Vega

Ecotourism 29


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

The vast extensions of

the cereal farmland

in Tierra de Campos

is dotted with some original

and beautiful examples

of traditional architecture

made of local clay ideal for

making adobe and mud

walls.

And one of the most important

instances of this kind of

folk architecture is the traditional

adobe pigeon-houses

where the birds live.

Mayorga de Campos

Bread Museum

The variety is the common

denominator of this route,

with square, rectangular,

horseshoe-shaped, cylindrical

pigeon-houses, with or

without patios, ornamented

or not, etc…

Two kinds of pigeons live in

the pigeon-houses: the feral

pigeon (Columba livia) and

the stock dove (Columba

oenas).

Bolaños de Campos

As well as Tierra de Campos

this route also goes through

Palencia, Zamora and the

North of Portugal, the idea

is that visitors do not only

go to the places where they

can see these constructions

but also to where there are

other artistic and cultural

elements along the way.

Torre de Santiago

Viewpoint and observatory

Melgar de Arriba

Endemic Birdlife

Interpretation Centre

Monasterio de Vega

Melgar de Abajo

Hunting Interpretation

Centre

Santervás de Campos

Saelices de Mayorga

Villalba de La Loma

Villacarralón

Torre San Andrés

viewpoints

Fontihoyuelo

Viewpoint

Villanueva de La Condesa and observatory

Astronomical viewpoint Herrín de Campos

and observatory

Becilla de Valderaduey

Museum of

Villalón Farming of Yesteryear

Villacid de Campos de Campos Calzado Vibot shoe museum

Cheese Museum and

el Abuelo Pigeon-house Villafrades de Campos

Villavicencio de

los Caballeros

Transnational

route of

the pigeon-houses

30 Ecotourism


Transnational route of

the pigeon-houses

Pingeon-house, Villalón Campos

HÉCTOR APARICIO

Ecotourism 31


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Melgar de Arriba

Torre de Santiago

Viewpoint and observatory

Route of

the Bird

Hotspots

and

Observatories

Astronomical viewpoint

and observatory

Villanueva de La Condesa

Herrín de Campos

Viewpoint

and observatory

Lesser Kestrel

Observation point

Cuenca de Campos

Tamariz de Campos

Observatory of the Lagoon

32 Ecotourism


Route of the Bird Hotspots

and Observatories

JOSÉ CARLOS DÍAZ

Lesser kestrel observation point in Cuenca de Campos

The Bird Route in Tierras

de Campos follows

two paths that

are well signposted to guide

you along the tracks so that

you can appreciate and see

the species you will find on

route.

The first route runs through

the municipal area of Melgar

de Arriba where you can

see western marsh harrier,

mallards, lesser kestrels,

bustards and grey herons, to

mention a few.

You have to go to Cuenca de

Campos to start the second

route, where there is a viewpoint

where you can watch

the local colony of lesser

kestrels. This itinerary also

runs through the municipal

area of Villabruz de Campos.

Castilla and León has 17

interesting bird-watching

routes through nature areas

where you can also see

other fauna, you can fulfill

your expectations relatively

easily if you pick the right

time of year.

You have to hold in mind

that the species may vary

from winter to spring.

The great bustard is queen

of the cereal farmland, at

0.9 metres high, a metre

long and with a wingspan

of two metres, its weight of

over 18 kilos makes it the

heaviest bird in the world

that can fly.

Out of the many birds it is

worth mentioning the little

bustard. The lesser kestrel

becomes a habitual resident

in spring, the same as the

black kite. You can also see

other interesting raptors.

Ecotourism 33


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Route of the

Museums

Museum of Farming of Yesteryear in Villalón de Campos

To Valencia de Don Juan

N-601

To León

Endemic Birdlife

Interpretation Centre

Monasterio de Vega

To Sahagún

ADRI VN

C-621

Saelices de Mayorga

Hunting Interpretation

Centre

Mayorga

Bread Museum

Route of

the Museums

To Villada

Museum of Farming

of Yesteryear

Villalón

Calzado Vibot shoe museum

Cheese Museum and

el Abuelo Pigeon-house

To Benavente

N-610

Cuenca de Campos

Lesser Kestrel

Observation point

Museum of Religious Art

N-601

C-611

N-610

To Palencia

Pork Produce Museum

Palazuelo de Vedija

To Valladolid

34 Ecotourism


Calzado Vibot shoe museum in Villalón de Campos

ADRI VN

This route includes

the most attractive

museums and interpretation

centres in the

district. The Bread Museum

in Mayorga de Campos is

the first of its kind in Spain.

It is housed in the church

of San Juan de Mayorga de

Campos, which has been

specifically rehabilitated to

do this.

The Cheese Making Museum

in Villalón de Campos

is housed in the buildings of

the old schools in avenida

del Parque.

Additionally you can visit

the Interpretation Centre of

Pork Products in Palazuelo

de Vedija, the Endemic

Birdlife Interpretation Centre

in Monasterio de Vega,

the Hunting Interpretation

Centre in Saelices de Mayorga;

as well as the Calzado

Vibot shoe museum, “El

Palomar del Abuelo” is the

Interpretation Centre of

the pigeon-houses and the

Farming of Yesteryear Exhibition

in Villalón de Campos

not forgetting the Museum

of Religious Art in Cuenca de

Campos.

Bread Museum. Mayorga

Tel. +34 983 751 625

Hunting Interpretation Centre.

Saelices de Mayorga

Town Hall. +34 987 785 143

Endemic Birdlife Interpretation

Centre in Monasterio

de Vega.

Town Hall. +34 987 785 151

Cheese Museum and el

Abuelo Pigeon-house. Villalón

de Campos

Town Hall. +34 983 740 011

Calzado Vibot shoe museum.

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983 740 213

Museum of Farming of Yesteryear.

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983 740 951

Museum of Religious Art

Cuenca de Campos in the

parish church of the Saints

Justo and Pastor

Tel. +34 983 740 479 /

+34 645 127 866

Pork Produce Museum

Palazuelo de Vedija

Town Hall. +34 983 700 025

Ecotourism 35


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

AlBERTO TOTXO

Church of San Pedro Apóstol in Berrueces

36 Ecotourism


Pilgrim Way of Saint James to

Santiago

Sahagún

Melgar

de Arriba

Torre de Santiago

Viewpoint and observatory

Pilgrim Way of

Saint James

to Santiago

Museum of Farming

of Yesteryear

Calzado Vibot shoe museum

Cheese Museum and

el Abuelo Pigeon-house

Museum of Religious Art

Lesser Kestrel

Observation point Observatory of

the Lagoon

Moral de la Reina

Berrueces

Santervás de Campos

Fontihoyuelo

Cuenca de Campos

Villalón

de Campos

Tamariz de Campos

Other

option

Medina de

Rioseco

This is one of the main

stretches of the pilgrim

way.

The stretch through Tierra

de Campos goes through

Berrueces (landmarks:

Church of San Pedro Apóstol,

the hermitage of Virgen

de Pedrosa and the pigeonhouses

in the surrounding

area); Moral de la Reina

(the church of Santa María,

tower and ruins of the

church of San Juan); Cuenca

de Campos (the church of

Santa María del Castillo–

Museum of Religious Art,

the church of Santos Justo

y Pastor–Parish Museum,

Monastery of the Claras and

Hermitage of San Bernardino);

Villalón de Campos (the

stone Column, church of San

Miguel, church of San Juan

Bautista, hermitage dedicated

to Our Lady of Fountains);

Fontihoyuelo (church

of San Salvador); Santervás

de Campos, birthplace of

the Conquistador Ponce de

León (church of the martyrs

Gervasio and San Protasio);

and finally Melgar de Arriba

(church of San Miguel and

the church of Santiago).

There is an alternative

route by accessing Cuenca

de Campos directly from

Medina de Rioseco through

Tamariz de Campos.

Ecotourism 37


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

ESTRELLA ANDRÉS

38 Ecotourism


Not to be missed

Plazas Mayores

One of the characteristic

elements of folk architecture

in Castilla and Leon are

the plazas mayors or main

squares. They are open

spaces framed by arcades

supported by stone columns

which form arcaded shopping

streets. The plaza or

square also had other uses

as well as the usual urban

functions, popular uses

like markets, political acts,

religious (acts of faith) and

festivals (bullfights).

The Castilla canal

Rollo: Flamboyant Gothic column in Villalón de Campos

The Castilla canal cuts

through the district from

north to south, a great work

of hydraulic engineering

from the eighteenth and

nineteenth centuries, it

runs along 207 kilometres

through the provinces of

Palencia, Burgos and Valladolid,

divided in three

branches. It was built to

transport wheat to the ports

in the north by towed river

transport (barges towed by

horses and beasts of burden),

the Campos branch

goes through Villanueva de

San Mancio and Tamariz de

Campos.

Ecotourism 39


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

JUAN BLANCO

Roman road and bridge in

Becilla de Valderaduey

The Iberian network of Roman

roads mentions the one

that runs along the Duero

valley from Astúrica Augusta

(Astorga) to Caesar Augusta

(Zaragoza), crossing the

plateau through this district

with remains in Becilla de

Valderaduey and the only

Roman bridge in the province

of Valladolid stretching

over the river together with

parts of the Roman road,

declared to be of Cultural

Interest.

Mudejar or Spanish

Moorish art

There are many churches in

Spanish Moorish Mudejar

art style in the north of the

province of Valladolid. As

an example we can mention

the church of Santa María de

Arbás in Mayorga. Declared

to be an Artistic Historic

Monument, it is one of the

best examples of Mudejar

art in the district. The building

with its two naves was

built in the fifteenth century

with a door that opens in a

horseshoe arch.

40 Ecotourism


Roman road and bridge in Becilla de Valderaduey

Ecotourism 41


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Paloteo dance in Herrín de Campos

ADRI VN

Festivals and

Traditions

Three towns in the district

have had their Holy Week

celebrations declared to be

of Provincial Tourist Interest:

Cuenca de Campos, Villalón

de Campos and Villavicencio

de los Caballeros.

The Vítor festival in Mayorga.

This festival has been

declared to be of Spanish

Tourist Interest and there

has been a torch lit procession

commemorating the

relics of Santo Toribio every

27th September since 1737.

Mayorga also celebrates

their Trovadas and Habaneras

famous song festival on

the last weekend in July.

The Provincial Market in

Villalón de Campos also attracts

many visitors on the

second weekend in June

commemorating when

King Fernando III granted

the town the right to hold a

market in 1250.

It is also worth mentioning

the Paloteo dance, a folk

dance with sticks or poles,

in Villafrades de Campos

and the Auto sacramental, a

kind of morality or passion

play in Herrín de Campos,

La Corderada, a Nativity

play enacted on Christmas

Eve in Castroponce de Valderaduey.

42 Ecotourism


Festivals and Gastronomy

Without a doubt it is worth

mentioning out of the

summer festivals the Spanish

festival of Alternative

Theatre in Urones de Castroponce

during the second

fortnight of August.

Gastronomy

Tierra de Campos has a

varied cuisine based on its

natural resources that have

conditioned a cuisine and

food products that mix craft

and tradition with the creativity

and originality of the

local people.

White Bread. Very fresh

bread, soft and white inside

with a crispy crust, made

with a special kind of local

wheat flour.

Pata de Mulo or cheese

from Villalón. The cereal

farmland is a great grazing

area for sheep and the result

is magnificent ewes’ milk

cheeses, the Pata de Mulo

or cheese from Villalón is an

excellent example because

of its tradition and fame.

Pigeons or young doves

from Nidal. The traditional

pigeon-houses hold a delicious

delicacy inside the

mud walls. The stock doves

and pigeons are a quality

product that until relatively

recently were only for their

own use.

Suckling lamb from Castilla

and León. The Geographical

Indication (GI) was created

to protect the quality and

also to guarantee the origin

of the products, certifying

that the meat comes from

lambs of Churra, Castilian

and Ojalada breeds exclusively

fed on ewes’ milk.

Sausages, cooked meats

and hams. Thanks to the climate

this district has always

had a tradition of cooked

meats; spicy sausages, pork

loin, chorizo and salami type

sausage called salchichon

are unforgettable starters.

Castilian or small grey lentils

from Tierra de Campo. This

pulse vegetable, because

of its special characteristics

of size, taste and flavour,

makes a simple dish of lentils

a pleasure with its own

name. It has its own Geographical

Indication (GI).

Wines from Tierra de León.

This district comes under

the denomination of origin

and quality of “Vino de la

Tierra de León” that due to

the prieto picudo red wine

grape produces good value

wine.

Other delicacies. You should

also try the sparkling wine,

made using craft methods;

Castilian cheese made with

pasteurized ewes’ milk;

doughnuts dipped in egg to

make them shiny and golden;

olive oil buns, round, flat

bread loaves; pork scratchings;

fried cakes called

orejuelas, typical during the

carnival; and finally buns

dedicated to Our Lady of

Fountains that are eaten in

Villalón de Campos in September.

Ecotourism 43


Tierra de Campos

North of Valladolid

Webs

Audio-guides in Spanish

Villalón de Campos

Villavicencio de los Caballeros

Bola

Herrín de Campos

Urones de Castroponce

Mel

Audio-guides in Spanish

in Youtube.

44 Ecotourism


INTERNET LINKS

01. LANDSCAPES AND NATURE

Observe the beauty of the landscapes

and nature of Tierra de Campos. Not

everything is dry and yellow in Castilla

and León.

02. RURAL TOURISM Are you in

need of a weekend break? In Tierra de

Campos you can enjoy direct contact

with the nature

03. GASTRONOMY The Tierra de

Campos cuisine mixes craft and tradition

with the creativity and originality of the

local people.

ños de Campos

04. CULTURAL HERITAGE It also

offers a great artistic wealth with stately

buildings and churches that have seen

the pass of centuries.

05. NATURAL HERITAGE An

extensive and beautiful heritage where

they are trying to keep the birdlife for

future generations.

gar de Abajo

06. VILLAGES Discover the beauty of

the villages and small towns in Tierra de

Campos. The wealth of the local people,

their customs and culture.

07. ROUTES Discover the most beautiful

routes through Tierra de Campos.

Places full of history, landscapes and

monuments.

08. AMENITIES

09. INTERNET LINKS

Ecotourism 45


Tierra de Campos

Valladolid

Information

ADRI Valladolid Norte

Avda. del Parque, 10

47600 Villalón de Campos

(Valladolid)

Tel. +34 983 761 145

adrivall@tierradecampos.com

www.tierradecampos.com

www.naturcampos.com

OT Mayorga. Panera de

San Juan. Ctra, de Sahagún,

47. Tel. +34 983 752 027

OT Villalón de Campos

C/ Rabanal, 4.

Tel. +34 983 761 185

Town Halls

Mancomunidad Zona Norte

Tel. +34 983 741 039

Aguilar de Campos

Tel. +34 983 730 001

Becilla de Valderaduey

Tel. +34 983 746 001

Berrueces

Tel. +34 983 700 002

Bolaños de Campos

Tel. +34 983 757 101

Bustillo de Chaves

Tel. +34 983 740 027

Cabezón de Valderaduey

Tel. +34 983 756 062

Castroponce de

Valderaduey

Tel. +34 983 756 101

Ceinos de Campos

Tel. +34 983 760 001

Cuenca de Campos

Tel. +34 983 740 006

Fontihoyuelo

Tel. +34 983 741 161

Gatón de Campos

Tel. +34 983 760 401

Herrín de Campos

Tel. +34 983 740 963

Mayorga de Campos

Tel. +34 983 751 003

Melgar de Abajo

Tel. +34 983 785 041

Melgar de Arriba

Tel. +34 983 785 003

Monasterio de Vega

Tel. +34 983 785 151

Moral de la Reina

Tel. +34 983 710 001

Palazuelo de Vedija

Tel. +34 983 700 025

Quintanillla del Molar

Tel. +34 980 666 436

Roales de Campos

Tel. +34 980 665 006

Saelices de Mayorga

Tel. +34 983 785 143

Santervás de Campos

Tel. +34 983 785 196

La Unión de Campos

Tel. +34 983 754 101

Urones de Castroponce

Tel. +34 983 754 202

Valdunquillo

Tel. +34 983 754 301

Vega de Ruiponce

Tel. +34 987 785 181

Villacarralón

Tel. +34 983 740 435

Villacid de Campos

Tel. +34 983 740 002

Villafrades de Campos

Tel. +34 983 740 488

Villagómez La Nueva

Tel. +34 983 756 006

Villalán de Campos

Tel. +34 983 757 301

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983 740 011

Villamuriel de Campos

Tel. +34 983 716 151

Villanueva de La Condesa

Tel. +34 983 756 111

Villavicencio de los Caballeros

Tel. +34 983 757 201

Accommodation

Casa Rural El Cantón

Becilla de Valderaduey

Tel. +34 983746019

CTR La Huerta Mantilla

Bolaños de Campos

Tel. +34 983757302

http://www.lahuertamantilla.com

Albergue

Cuenca de Campos

Tel. +34 983740006

46 Ecotourism


Practical information

to prepare your trip

CTR Bodega la Tata

Cuenca de Campos

Tel. +34 983761131

http://www.ctrlatata.com

CTR Los Oficios

Gatón de Campos

Tel. +34 983760442

http://www.casarurallosoficios.com

HRte el Madrileño

Mayorga de Campos

Tel. +34 983751039

http://www.hotelmadrileño.com

Casa Rural La Huerta

Palazuelo de Vedija

Tel. +34 983303301

CTR Fuerte San Mauricio

Palazuelo de Vedija

Tel. +34 983701910

http://bit.ly/13Qwovf

Albergue

Santervás de Campos

CTR Quinta del Canal

Tamariz de Campos

Tel. +34 983760423

http://www.quintadelcanal.com

Albergue

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983740011

Casa Rural El Encuentro

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983740767

http://bit.ly/1orbI68

HRte Casa Peña

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983740233

HR La Venta del Alón

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983740951

http://www.ventadelalon.es

PRte Becares

Villalón de Campos

Tel. +34 983740167

CTR Rincón de Doña Inés

Villanueva de La Condesa

Tel. +34 983756067, Mov.

+34 679077055

http://www.rinconines.com

La Posada del Canal

Villanueva de San Mancio

Tel. +34 983700705, Mov.

+34 610521204

http://bit.ly/13Qxg33

Hotel Rural La Hidalga

Villavicencio de los Caballeros

Tel. +34 983757069

Restaurants

Buenavista

Tel. +34 983746110

Becilla de Valderaduey

La Huerta Mantilla

Tel. +34 983757302

Bolaños de Campos

La Fortaleza

Tel. +34 983756003

Castroponce de Valderaduey

Ceinos

Tel. +34 983760014

Ceinos de Campos

La Tata.

Tel. +34 983761131

Los Oficios

Tel. +34 983760442

Gatón de Campos

El Madrileño

Tel. +34 983751039

El Arco

Tel. +34 983751127

Santa Ana

Tel. +34 983751598

Mayorga de Campos

Casa Peña

Tel. +34 983740233

PRte Becares

Tel. +34 983740167

Lalo

Tel. +34 983740762

Villalón de Campos

El Rincón de Doña Inés

Tel. +34 983756067

Villanueva de la Condesa

Escudero

Tel. +34 983757427

Villavicencio de los Caballeros

Attention: All the links in

the magazine take you to

pages in Spanish

Ecotourism 47


48 Ecotourism

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