Paighambare Islam Hazrat Muhammad Ka Jivan

khurramislam

iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jreqgEendk thouekSykuk oghnqíhu [kk¡vuqoknMk0 eqfLyek flíhd+hxqMoMZ cqDl


Payghambar-e-Islam Hazrat Muhammad Ka Jiban(Hindi translation of ‘Seerat-e-Rasool’)First published 2013This book is copyright freeGoodword Books1, Nizamuddin West MarketNew Delhi-110 013e-mail: info@goodwordbooks.comsee our complete catalogue atwww.goodwordbooks.comPrinted in India


fo"k; lwphizkjafHkd ifjfLFkfr;ka 5eqgEen ¼lŒ½ dks iSx+Ecjh feyuk 15eDdk esa bLyke dk izpkj 20fojks/kh izfrfØ;k 24vkgokuijd ?kVuk,a 26dcwys bLyke 36lkoZtfud izpkj 40vafre iz;kl 46gc”k izokl 53gt+jr eqgEen dk fu’dklu 58vcw rkfyc ds fu/ku ds i”pkr 65enhus esa bLyke dk vkjaHk 71enhus dh vksj fgtjr ¼izokl½ 79enhus esa izos”k 84efLtn dk fuekZ.k 91eqok[k+kr ¼cU/kqRo½ 93enhus dk le>kSrk 97eqgkftjhu ds nLrs 100fgtjr ds ckn 104x+T+o&,&cn~j Åyk 107x+T+o% cn~j lkfu;k 109x+T+o% d+qjd+qjrqy d+qnj 117x+T+o% cuh d+Suqd+kv 117x+T+o% lohd+ 118fookg lS;nk Q+kfrek 119x+T+o% x+rQku 120x+T+o% utjku 121x+T+o% mgqn 121x+T+o% gejk vy&vln 128lfj;k vfc lyek vCnqYykgfcu vCnqy vln 129jthv dh ?kVuk 130lfj¸;rqy dq+jkZ vFkkZr fcv~jseÅuk dh ?kVuk 131x+T+o% cuh ut+hj 132x+T+o% t+krqj~fjd+kv 133x+T+o% cnj ekSbn 134x+T+o% nwerqy&tUny 134x+T+o% eqj;lhv ;kcuh&vy eqLryd+ 135b+d okyh ?kVuk 135x+T+o% [k+Und+ ;k x+T+o% vgTk+kc 136x+T+o% cuw d+qjSt+k 139lfj¸;k eqgEen fcueqfLyek vulkjh ¼jft+Œ½ 140x+T+o% cuh ysg;ku 141


x+T+o% t+h fd+jn 141lfj¸;k mdk'kk&fcu eqgflu 142Lfj¸;k eqgEen fcu lyek 142lfj¸;k vcw mcSnk fcuvy&TkjkZg 143lfj¸;k tewe 143lfj¸;k&bZl 143lfj¸;k rfjQ 144lfj¸;k&fgek 144lfj¸;k oknh&mydqjk 145ljh;k nwerqy&tUny 145lfj¸;k fQnd 146Lkfj¸;k mEes fd+jQk 146lfj¸;k vCnqYykg fcu jokgk 147Lfj¸;k dq+tZ+ fcu tkfcjvy&Qsgjh 147cvl mej fcu me¸;k t+eqjh 148gqnSfc;k laf/k 149ljnkjksa dk bLyke d+cwy djuk 152fo'o ds 'kkldksa ds uke i= 153d+Slj&jkse ds uke i= 154[k+qljks ijost+ ds uke i= 156x+T+o, [kS+cj 156X+kT+o, eqvr% 158lfj¸;k vez fcu vy&vkl 159eDdk dh Q+rg ¼fot;½ 160x+T+o% gquSu] vkSrkl vkSj rk;Q 168rk;Q dk eqgkfljk 170lfj¸;k m;;uk 171cvl oyhn fcu md+ck 172x+T+o% rcwd 173vcw cØ flÌhd dsusr`Ro esa gt ;k=k 177vkeqy oqQwn ¼izfrfuf/keaMyds vkus dk o"kZ½ 177gTtrqy onkv 179ftCjkbZy dh vken 180lfj¸;k mlkek fcu tS+n 181vafre le; 181chekjh dh 'kq:vkr 181jlwyqYykg dh vafrelkewfgduekt+ vkSj gt+jr vcw cØ dksbeker dk vkns”k 182fu/ku 182lgkck esa csPkSuh 183


izkjafHkd ifjfLFkfr;kaiSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds oa'kt gt+jr bcjkgheFksA gt+jr bcjkghe dk le; 2160 ls 1985 bZŒ iwoZ gSA pkj gt+kjo"kZ iwoZ os vius ns'k bjkd+ ls fudys vkSj vius NksVs iq= bLekbZydks fgtkt+ ¼vjc½ ds ,d futZu LFkku ¼eDdk½ esa clk fn;kA gt+jrbLekbZy cM+s gq, rks mUgksaus tqjgqe leqnk; dh ,d lqpfj=k dU;k lsfookg dj fy;kA muds }kjk bl jsfxLrkuh okrkoj.k esa ,d uLyrS;kj gqbZ ftlds vUnj mPp ekuoh; xq.k Fks] D;ksafd ogk¡ lkekftdthou vkSj lH;rk dk dksbZ izHkko ugha iM+k FkkA ;g LFkku 'kgj lsdkQ+h nwjh ij gksus ds dkj.k lkekftd lH;rk ds lkjh cqjkbZ;ksa ls nwjFkkA izkd`frd okrkoj.k esa jgus ds dkj.k muds vUnj lR;&fu’Bk]lkgl] ohjrk vkSj bZekunkjh tSls ekuoh; xq.k iwjh rjg fo|eku FksA;gh lcc Fkk fd lH; lekt dh rqyuk esa] muds vUnj ;FkkFkZ dksle>us dh ;ksX;rk cgqr vf/kd FkhAgt+jr bcjkghe vius /kkfeZd izpkj dh ;k=k ds chp dHkh dHkheDdk vkrs vkSj ?kj okyksa dh ns[k js[k djrsA tc gt+jr bLekbZy cM+sgq, rks gt+jr bcjkghe us mudks lkFk ysdj eDdk esa ,d&vYykg dhbcknr ds fy, ,d NksVk lk ?kj vius gkFkksa ls cuk;kA gt+jr bcjkgheus ml ?kj dh ns[k&js[k vkSj mldk mÙkjnkf;Ro gt+jr bLekbZy dkslkSaik vkSj [kqnk ls bLekbZy ds oa'k ds foLrkj (proliferation) ds fy,nqvk dhA dkck i`Foh ij igyk ?kj Fkk tks dsoy ,d [+kqnk dh bcknrds fy, cuk;k x;kAgt+jr bLekbZy dh lkBoha ihk tkrk


6iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouFkkA bl ifjokj esa cM+s cM+s vkSj lEekfur O;fDr;ksa us tUe fy;k FkkAmnkgj.kkFkZ ¼vnuku] ut+z] fQ+g~j] dqlb fcu fdykc½ bR;kfnA dqlbvius le; esa [+kkuk dkck ¼eDdk esa [+kqnk dk ?kj½ ds v/kh{kd cuk,x,A bl dkj.k ls muds ;'k ,oa dhfrZ esa cgqr vf/kd o`f) gqbZA dqlbus cgqr cM+s cM+s dk;Z fd,Adqlb ls iwoZ dqjS'k ds ikfjokfjd tu fofHkUu LFkkuksa ijvO;ofLFkr rkSj ij FksA dqlb us bu lcdks eDdk esa dkck ds fudVclk;kA muds fy, edku cuok, vkSj mudks laxfBr dj ,d NksVklk lkezkT; LFkkfir fd;kA bl ls vjc esa mudks jktusfrd izfr"BkizkIr gks xbZA ;gka ls mudk ,frgkfld ;qx vkjaHk gksrk gSAdkck leLr vjc dk dsanz FkkA gt ds volj ij gt+kjksa yksx;gka n'kZu ds fy, vkrs FksA dqlb ls iwoZ ;gka muds vknj&lRdkj dkdksbZ mfpr izcU/k u FkkA dqlb us dgk bu gkft;ksa dk vknj&lRdkjdjuk gekjk drZO; gSA bl dk;Z ds fy, mUgksaus fu;fer /kujkf'kfu;qDr dhA bl /ku ls gkft;ksa ds Hkkstu dk izca/k fd;k tkrk FkkA;g dk;Z muds ckn muds ifjokj tu djrs jgsA ;gh dkj.kFkk fd dqjS'k dk lewps vjc esa vR;f/kd vknj FkkA vjc esa vf/kdka'kywV&ekj dk fjokt Fkk ftlds dkj.k ekxZ lqjf{kr u FksA dkck dsizca/kd gksus ds dkj.k dqjS”k ds d+kfQ+ys dks dksbZ ugha ywVrk FkkA vkSjos 'kkfUriwoZd O;kikj dh lkexzh dks ,d LFkku ls nwljs LFkku ys tkrsFksA vcnqy eqÙkfyc tks iSx+Ecj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds nknk Fks] mUgksausdkck ds vf/k{kd dk;Z&dky esa cgqr ls dk;Z fd,A muesa loZJsB dk;Z;g Fkk fd t+et+e dk dqvk¡ tks can gksdj xqe x;k Fkk mldks dBksjifjJe ls lkQ djk;kA blls mudk lEeku vkSj vf/kd c


7iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvcw rkfyc tks ;|fi bLyke ugha yk, ijUrq os vius vafre le;rd vki ds vfHkHkkod cus jgsA rhljs gt+jr get+k vkSj pkSFks gt+jrvCcklA vki ds bu nksuksa ppkvksa us bLyke dqcwy fd;kA ikaposa vcwygc& vcw ygc viuh bLyke nq'euh esa cgqr e'gwj gqvkAvcnqy eqÙkfyc ds iq= vcnqYykg esa vjc ds lkjs fof'k"V xq.kFksaA vcnqYykg dk fookg vkeuk ls gqvk tks t+ksgjk oxZ ds eqf[k;k ogcfcu vcn equkQ dh iq=h FkhaA os dqjS'k ds ,d mPp oxZ dh Js"B vkSjvknj.kh; L=h ekuh tkrh Fkhaa bUgha vcnqYykg vkSj vkfeuk ls eqgEenfcu vcnqYykg fcu vcnqy eqÙkfyc dk tUe gqvk tks ekuork ds lkjsmRd`"V xq.kksa dk laiw.kZr;k mnkgj.k FksA vkids tUe ls iwoZ gh vkidsfirk vcnqYykg dk nsgkar gks pqdk FkkAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dk tUe 9 jch vy vOoy ¼22 vizsy 571bZŒ½dks gqvkA vkids tUe dk lekpkj nknk vcnqy eqRrfyc dks feyk rksog vkidks ysdj dkck x,A ogka mUgksaus uotkr f'k'kq ds fy;s vYykgdk /kU;okn fd;k vkSj nqvk,a ekaxhaA vkids tUe ds lkrosa fnu vcnqyeqRrfyc us vkidk vd+hd+k ¼cPpk iSnk gksus ds ckn cky eqaMokus vkSj[kkuk f[kykus dh jhfr½ fd;k vkSj vkidk uke eqgEen j[kkA vd+hd+kds bl lekjksg esa leLr dqjS'k oxZ lfEefyr FkkAeqgEen dk uke vjc esa u;k FkkA dqjS'k us bl vlekU; ukej[kus dk dkj.k iwNk rks vcnqy eqRrfyc us dgk% rkfd lkjs lalkj esaesjs csVs dh iz'kalk dh tk,Avjc ds lEekfur ?kjkuksa esa ;g pyu Fkk fd os vius cPps dksnw/k fiykus ds fy, fdlh jsfxLrku esa jgus okyh efgyk dks lkSai nsrsFksA rkfd cPps dk vkjafHkd ikyu iks"k.k [kqys okrkoj.k esa gks ldsAvkSj oks vjch Hkk"kk dk Li"V mPpkj.k Hkh lh[k tk,A cíq (Bedowin)yksx tks xkao vkSj dlcksa essa jgrs Fks mudh Hkk"kk cgqr ljy vkSj lqanj


8iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougksrh FkhA bl izFkk ds vuqlkj vkidks d+chyk cuh cØ dh ,d efgykgyhek fcur vch T+kqoSc ds gokys dj fn;k x;kA ;gh og efgyk gSatks gyhek lkfn;k ds uke ls fo[;kr gqbZaAgyhek lkfn;k ds o.kZu ds vuqlkj ^^eSa vius xkao ls vius ifjokjdh dqN efgykvksa ds lkFk bl [kkst esa fudyh fd nw/k ihus okyk ckydfeys rks mldks vius lkFk ys vkÅaA eSa ,d x/kh ij lokj FkhA geyksx dfBu ;k=k ds ckn eDdk igqapsA ge esa dksbZ efgyk ,slh ugha Fkhftlds lkeus eqgEen dks u j[kk x;k gksA ijUrq tc mudks ;g Kkrgksrk fd eqgEen vukFk gSa rks mudks ysus ls budkj dj nsrhaA bldkdkj.k ;g Fkk fd ge yksx ckyd ds firk ls O;ogkj fo”ks"k dh vk'kkj[krs FksA gj efgyk ;g lksprh fd tc eqgEen vukFk gS rks mldhek¡ vkSj mlds nknk ls mnkjrk dh D;k vk'kk dh tk ldrh gSA blhdkj.k mudks ysus esa fdlh dh :fp ugha FkhA**gyhek lkfn;k dgrh gSa fd esjs lkFk vkbZ gqbZ efgykvksa esa ls gj,d efgyk dks dksbZ u dksbZ nw/k ihus okyk ckyd fey x;kA dsoyeSa jg xbZA tc gekjs ykSVus dk le; vk x;k rks eSaus vius ifr lsdgk ^^[kqnk dh d+le] eq>s ;g ilUn ugha fd eSa fdlh ckyd dks fy,fcuk ;gka ls okfil tkÅaA vc eSa ml vukFk ckyd ds ikl tkÅaxhvkSj mldks ys vkÅaxh**A esjs ifr us dgk ^^,slk djus esa dksbZ gkfuugha gSA laHkork vYykg mldks gekjs fy, HkkX;'kkyh cuk nsA** blrjg eSa nksckjk eqgEen ds ?kj xbZ vkSj mUgsa ys vkbZA ml le; esjsbl dk;Z dk dkj.k blds vfrfjDr vkSj dqN u Fkk fd eq>s eqgEends vfrfjDr dksbZ vkSj ckyd u feyk FkkAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ nks o"kZ vkSj dqN eghus gyhek lkfn;k ds ikljgsA ;g le; Lao; gyhek lkfn;k ds fy, ykHk ,oa le`f) ds FksA mldsckn gt+jr eqgEen dks mudh ekrk ds ikl eDdk igqapk fn;k x;kA


9iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoubCus blgkd+ dgrs gSa fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ viuh eka vkSj viusnknk vcnqy eqÙkfyc ds lkFk [+kqnk ds laj{k.k esa FksA [+kqnk us vkidhtks fu;fr fu/kkZfjr dj j[kh Fkh] oks mlds vuqlkj vkidk csgrjhuikyu&iks’k.k dj jgk FkkA tc vki dh vk;q 6 o"kZ dh gqbZ rks vkidheka dk nsgkar gks x;kAvc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vius nknk vcnqy eqÙkfyc fcu gkf'ke dslkFk jgus yxsA vcnqy eqÙkfyc eDdk ds vknj.kh; yksxksa esa ls FksAmuds fy, dkck ds ikl x+kyhpk fcNk;k tkrk FkkA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½tc ogka vkrs rks oks Hkh bl x+kyhps ij cSB tkrsA ;fn dksbZ vkidksgVkrk rks vcnqy eqÙkfyc dgrs esjs cPps dks NksM+ nksA [+kqnk dh d+le]og cgqr 'kku okyk gSA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ tc vkB o"kZ ds gq, rks nknkvcnqy eqÙkfyc dk Hkh nsgkar gks x;kA ;g ?kVuk vkeqy Qhy ¼gkFkhokyk lky½ ds vkB o"kZ ds varjky ds ckn gqbZAvcnqy eqÙkfyc ds nsgkar ds i'pkr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vius ppkvcw rkfyc ds lkFk jgus yxsA vcw rkfyc ,d O;kikjh FksA os viusO;kikj ds fy, 'kke tkus yxs rks eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us Hkh tkus dh bPNkizdV dhA ;|fi ml le; vki dh vk;q de FkhA ijUrq vcw rkfycus Lusg ds dkj.k vkidks vius lkFk ys fy;kAmudk O;kikjh d+kfQ+yk 'kke ds uxj cwljk esa mrjkA ;gka dsdyhlk esa ,d bZlkbZ /keZ dk iqjksfgr jgrk Fkk ftldk uke cksfgjkFkkA cksghjk us izkphu /kkfeZd xzUFkksa esa i


10iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou;g rqEgkjk csVk ugha gks ldrkA bl yM+ds dk firk thfor u gksukpkfg,A tc vcw rkfyc us crk;k fd vki ds firk dk nsgkar gks pqdkgS rks cghjk us dgk rqe vius Hkrhts dks ysdj vius ns'k okil tkvksvkSj ;gwn ls mudh j{kk djksA [+kqnk dh d+le ;fn mUgksa us mldksigpku fy;k rks os vo'; mldks gkfu igqapkus dh ps’Vk djsaxsAtc gt+jr eqgEen 25 o"kZ ds gq, rks d+qjS'k dh ,d fo/kok efgyk][knhtk fcUr [kqoSfyn dh vksj ls vkidks fookg dk vkea=.k vk;kA[+knhtk dh vk;q ml le; 40 o"kZ dh FkhA eDdk esa mudh x.kukmPp oxZ rFkk /kuoku efgykvksa esa dh tkrh FkhA mudk lacaa/k ,dO;kikfjd ifjokj ls FkkA vkSj os Loa; Hkh yksxksa ds }kjk O;kikj djrhFkha vkSj ykHk dk ,d Hkkx mudks ns nsrh FkhaAvkjaHk esa tc mudks eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh fouezrk vkSj fo'okluh;rkdh tkudkjh gqbZ rks mUgksa us dgk vki esjk lkeku ysdj esjs xqykee;ljg ds lkFk 'kke tk,a eSa vkidks nwljksa ls vf/kd ikfjJfed n¡xhAvki lkeku csp dj tc eDdk okil vk, vkSj /kujkf'k [knhtk dksnh rks os vfr izlUu gqbZa D;ksafd mUgsa bl ckj nwuk ykHk gqvk FkkAbu vuqHkoksa ds i'pkr [+knhtk ij vkids O;fDrRo vkSj lR;fu’Bkdk cgqr xgjk izHkko iM+kA ;gka rd fd mUgksaus vkils fookg dk lans'kHkstkA vkius vius ppk ls ijke'kZ djds bldks Lohdkj dj fy;kA[k+nhtk igyh efgyk Fkha ftuls eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us fookg fd;kAmuds thou dky esa vkius nwljk dksbZ fookg u fd;kA vkids csVsbczkghe ftudh e`R;q NksVh vk;q esa gh gks xbZ] muds vfrfjDr vkidhlc larkus [k+nhtk fcUr [kqoSfyn ls FkhaAgt+jr eqgEen ds lkjs iq=ksa dh e`R;q fd'kksjkoLFkk esa gh gks x;hFkhA iqf=;ksa esa ls #d¸;k] t+Suc] mEes dqylwe] vkSj Q+kfrek lc vkiij bZeku ykbZa vkSj vkids lkFk enhuk dh vksj fgtjr ¼izokl½ dhA


11iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh vk;q tc 35 o"kZ Fkh] ml le; dqjS'k us dkckds uo fuekZ.k dk fu'p; fd;kA mUgksaus vrhr dh bekjr dks


12iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulh ?kVuk,a lhjr dh fdrkcksa esa vkbZ gSaA ;gka dqN vkSj ?kVukvksa dklaf{kIr esa fooj.k gS&izkphu vjc esa 3 O;fDr Fks& Q+qT+y fcu Q+qt+kyk] QT+y fcuonkvk] Q+T+y fcu gkfjl& mUgksaus ijLij ,d laf/k rS;kj dhA D;ksafdmu yksxksa ds uke ds vkjaEHk esa ¼QT+y½ Fkk bl dkj.k ;g le>kSrk¼eqvkfgnk fgYQqy Q+qtwy½ ds uke ls izfl) gqvkA bcus gs'kke us blizdj.k esa tqcSj fcu vcnqy eqÙkfyc dh dqN iafDr;ksa dk mYys[k fd;kgSA mldh ,d iafDr dk vFkZ ;g gS fd ^^Q+T+y uke ds O;fDr;ksa usvkil esa 'kiFk yh vkSj ;g le>kSrk fd;k fd eDdk esa dksbZ vR;kpkjhu jgus ik,A**mijksDr O;fDr;ksa ds nsgkar ds ckn O;ogkfjd :i ls ;g le>kSrklekIr gks x;kA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh vk;q izk;% 15 o"kZ dh Fkh fd vjcesa x`g;q) gqvk ftldks gjcqy&fQtkj dgk tkrk gSA bl esa dqjS'kvkSj d+Sl oxZ vkil esa yM+s FksA mlds i'pkr vO;oLFkk cgqr ckSrs ds uohuhdj.k dkfu'p; gqvkA bl izdkj yksxksa us nwljh ckj ;g izfrKk dh fd eDdkesa vxj fdlh ds lkFk vU;k; fd;k tk,] pkgs og ;gka dk fuoklhgks ;k ckgj ls vk;k gks] lkjs yksx mldk lkFk nsaxs vkSj vR;kpkjh dksfoo'k djsaxs fd ihfM+r dks mldk vf/kdkj feysA


13iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us Hkh iSxEcjh ls iwoZ bl laf/k esa Hkkx fy;kFkkA vki us ,d ckj dgk vcnqYykg fcu tqnvku ds ?kj ij laf/k dsle; esa Hkh mifLFkr FkkA eSa lq[k+Z ÅaVksa ¼yky ÅaV½ dks ysdj Hkh mlle>kSrs dks rksM+uk ilUn ugha d:axkA vkSj ;fn bLyke ds le; esaHkh eq>s mldh vksj cqyk;k tk, rks eSa vo'; mldk vuqeksnu d:axkAml le; vjcksa ds chp vkSj Hkh bl izdkj ds lq/kkjd vkSjla'kks/kd laca/kh le>kSrs FksA mnkgj.kkFkZ cuw&vcn vynkj vkSj mudsleFkZdksa us ,d ckj dkck ds ikl ,d= gks dj 'kiFk yh vkSj ;gladYi fd;k fd ,d nwljs dks vlgk; u NksM+saxs vkSj ,d dks nwljsds lqiqnZ u djsaxsA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us bl izdkj ds lq/kkjd le>kSrksadks lekIr ugha fd;k cfYd mudh iqf"V dhA vkius dgk vKkurk dsle; tks Hkh le>kSrs Fks bLyke us mldks vkSj n`s Lej.k gqvkA eSa rRdkyml okns ds LFkku ij igqapk eSaus ik;k fd vki mlh LFkku ij esjhizrh{kk dj jgs FksA vkius eq>s MkaV&QVdkj ugha yxkbZA dsoy brukdgk rqeus eq>s d"V fn;kA eSa rhu fnu ls blh LFkku ij rqEgkjhizrh{kk dj jgk g¡AvcnqYykg fcu lk;c dgrs gSa fd eSa vKkurk ds le; eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ ls feydj O;kikj djrk FkkA ckn esa tc eSa us enhuk vkdjvkils HksaV dh rks vkius dgk D;k rqe eq>dks igpkurs gksA eSa us dgkD;ksa ugh vki rks esjs lkFk O;kikj esa lk>snkj FksA vkSj vki dSls vPNslk>snkj FksA u dHkh /kks[kk nsrs vkSj u fdlh ckr ij >xM+rsA


14iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougt+jr vcw gqjSjk dgrs gSa fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us dgk fd dksbZuch ,slk ugha ftlus dHkh cdfj;ka u pjkbZ gksaA lgkck us dgk D;kvkius HkhA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us dgk gka] eSa Hkh eDdk okyksa dh odfj;kadqN dhjkr ds cnys ij pkjk;k djrk FkkAtkfcj fcu vcnqYykg dgrs gS fd ge yksx t+gjku ds LFkku ijeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds lkFk FksA ogk¡ ge yksx ihyw ds Qy pquus yxsAvkius dgk dkys Qy ns[k dj rksM+ks] os T+;knk vPNs gksrs gSaA yksxksaus dgk D;k vkius cdfj;ka pjkbZ gSa] ftlds dkj.k vki bl ckr lsifjfpr gSaA vkius dgk gkaA dskbZ ,slk uch ugha gqvk ftlus cdfj;kau pjkbZ gksaA vkSj eSa us Hkh cdfj;ka pjkbZ gSaAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us 'kke dh nwljh ;k=k ml le; dh tc vkidhvk;q 25 o"kZ dh Fkh ml le; dqjS'k ds dqN yksx xq.kd ds fu;e ijO;kij fd;k djrs FksAbl O;kikfjd ;k=k esa ,d ckj ,slk gqvk fd ysu&nsu ds fdlhekeys esa ,d O;fDr ls vki dk erHksn gks x;kA mlus dgk fd ykro mT+t+k dh d+le [kkvks rks eSa eku tkÅaxkA vkius dgk eSaus vktrd dHkh ykr o mTt+k dh d+le ugha [kkbZA ;fn dHkh la;ksxo'k esjkm/kj ls xqt+j gksrk rks esa cprk gqvk ogka ls fudy tkrkAuch gksus ls iwoZ Hkh vki f”kdZ ¼bZ”oj dk lk>hnkj cukuk½ vkSjvuSfrdrk ls nwj jgrs FksA bl Jà[kyk esa vkidh lhjr ¼thouh½ fy[kusokys vcw eqgEen vcnqy ekfyd fcu gs'kke us bcus blgkd+ ds bldFku dk mYys[k fd;k gSA^^eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ bl izdkj ;qokoLFkk dks igqaps fd vYykg vkidhns[k&js[k dj jgk FkkA vkSj vKkurk dh xanxh ls vkidks cpk, gq,FksA D;ksafd vYykg pkgrk Fkk fd oks vkidks lEeku vkSj iSx+Ecjh iznkudjsA ;gka rd fd vki bl cqyanh dks igqaps fd vki viuh d+kSe ds


15iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvUnj ikS:"k xq.kksa esa lcls Js"B] vkSj lnkpkfjrk okys cu x,A oxZesa izfrf’Br vkSj iM+ksfl;ksa es lcls vPNs iM+kslh cu x,A 'kkUr fpÙkvkpj.k xaHkhj] lfg".kqrk rFkk {kekoku cu x,A ckr phr esa lclsvf/kd ;FkkFkZoknhA vekurnkjh esa lcls vkxs] vFkkZr nq’Vrk vkSj cqjkbZls vki lcls vf/kd nwj gks x,A ;gka rd fd vkidks eDdk esa vyvehu ¼fo”oluh;½ dgk tkus yxkkA** ¼lhjr bcus gs'kke&197½eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks iSx+Ecjh feyuktc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ pkyhl o"kZ ds gq, rks vYykg us vkids ikl^og~;* ¼[k+qnk ds }kjk iSx+Ecjksa dks Hkstk x;k lans'k½ Hksth vkSj vkidksviuk iSx+Ecj fu;qDr fd;kA vkidh iSx+Ecjh dk izkjaHk lPps liuksa lsgqvkA vki fuanzk voLFkk esa tks Hkh liuk ns[krs oks fnu esa iw.kZ :i lslgh fl) gks tkrkA ml le; [+kqnk us ,dkar dks vki ds fy, fiz;cuk fn;k FkkA vdsysiu ls vf/kd fiz; vkidks dqN u FkkA eDdk lsyxHkx rhu ehy dh nwjh ij x+kj&fgjk ¼fgjk uked xqQk½ fLFkr gSAizk;% gt+jr eqgEen ogka tk;k djrs vkSj ,dkar esa lksp&fopkjvkSj bcknr djrs jgrsA jet+ku dk eghuk Fkk vkSj vki fu;ekuqlkjfgjk dh xqQk esa Fks fd jkf= ds le; ftcjbZy ¼Qfj'rk½ vYykg dhvksj ls ogka izdV gq,] ml le; vki lks jgs FksA mUgksaus vkidks funzkls txk;k vkSj dgk% ^^bD+jk** ¼i


16iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufu%lansg] eq>s ;g fo'okl gS fd vki bl d+kSe ds uch gksaxsA** gt+jr[k+nhtk vkidh lR;fu"Bk vkSj xaHkhjrk dk bruk vf/kd vuqHko djpqdh Fkha fd mUgsa vkidh dgh gqbZ ckr dks ekuus esa rfud Hkh foyacugha gqvk] lqurs gh rqjar vki ij fo'okl dj fy;kAmlds i”pkr gt+jr [+knhtk mBha] vius Åij ,d pknj MkyhvkSj ojd+k fcu ukSQ+y ds ikl xbZa] tks muds ppsjs HkkbZ FksA ojd+k uselhgh /keZ viuk fy;k FkkA vkSj rkSjkr ,oa buthy dk v/;;u djrsjgrs FksA gt+jr [+knhtk us tc muls eqgEen ¼lYyå½ ds fgjk xqQkdh ?kVuk dh ppkZ dh rks ojd+k fcu ukSfQy us dgk% ^^d+le gS mlgLrh dh ftlds d+Ct+s esa esjh tku gS] ,s [k+nhtk! vxj rw us lR;dgk gS rks ukewls vdcj ¼cM+k vkSj lPpk½ tks ewlk ds ikl vkrk Fkk]og eqgEen ds ikl vk pqdk gSA vkSj fuf”pr #i ls os bl d+kSe dsuch gSaA muls dg nks fd os n`


17iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkSj o.kZu ds vuqlkj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us crk;k fd eq>s gqdqe fn;kx;k gS fd eSa [k+nhtk dks ,d ,sls eksfr;ksa ds ?kj dk 'kqHk lekpkjns nw¡ ftlesa u 'kksj gksxk u d"VA vkids fojks/kh vkids ?kj ds iklvk dj 'kksj djrs vkSj vids ekxZ esa dk¡Vs Mky nsrsA bl dkj.k [+kqnkus vius Q+fj'rs }kjk gt+jr [+knhtk dks ;g 'kqHk lekpkj HkstkAiSx+Ecjh ds izkjafHkd le; esa tks lwjrsa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ij mrjhamuesa ls ,d lwjg vT+t+qgk ¼93½ FkhA bl lwjg dh vafre vk;rksa dkvuqokn ;g gS%ÞvYykg us rqe dks vUos"kd ik;k rks rqedks jkg fn[kkbZA vkSjrqedks fu/kZu ik;k rks /kuh dj fn;kA rks rqe vkukFk ij l[+rh u djksAvkSj rqe ekaxus okyksa dks u f>M+dksA vkSj rqe vius jc dh vuqdaikdk o.kZu djksßAbl vk;kr esa jc ds ojnkuksa dk o.kZu djuk] bldh O;k[;kbCu&gs'kke us bl izdkj dh gS& fd vYykg dh vksj ls iSx+Ecjh dktks ojnku vkSj lEeku rqedks feyk gS mldh ppkZ djks] vr% yksxksa dksmldh vksj cqykvksA rc eqgEen ¼lYyå½ bu ckrksa dks c;ku djus yxstks vYykg us vki ij vkSj vkids }kjk leLr balkuksa ij mrkjh FkhaAvkjaHk esa vki ,dkar esa mu yksxksa dks crkrs ftu ij vkidk fo'oklFkkA /khjs& /khjs vkidk lans'k lkoZtfud gks x;kAeqgEen ¼lYyå½ ij 'kq:vkr esa tc uekt+ dk gqDe mrkjk x;krks izR;sd uekt+ dh nks&nks jdvrsa Qt+Z ¼vfuok;Z½ dh xbZaA fQj [kqnkds vkns”kkuqlkj ;g visf{kr gqvk fd ?kj esa gksus dh voLFkk esa mUgsaiwjh pkj jdvr dj fn;k vkSj ;k=k dh voLFkk esa nks jdvr vnkdh tk,aAeqgEen ¼lYyå½ ij tc uekt+ Qt+Z dh xbZ rks gt+jr ftcjbZyeDdk esa vkids ikl vk,A mUgksaus vkids lkeus ot+w fd;kA vki us


18iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumldks ns[kk fQj mlh izdkj ot+w fd;kA mlds i'pkr vkius gt+jrftcjbZy ds lkFk uekt i


19iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvcw cØ fcu vch d+qgkQ+k vkids feyus okyksa esa ls FksA mUgksaus Hkhfcuk fdlh ladksp ds bLyke Lohdkj dj fy;kA dksey O;ogkj dsdkj.k yksxksa dks muls yxko FkkA rFkk O;kikj dh otg ls dkQ+h yksxksals muds lEcU/k FksA mUgksaus vius tkuus okyksa esa bLyke dk izpkj djuk'kq: dj fn;kA vkSj muds izHkko ls cgqr ls yksx eqlyeku gks x,Amnkgj.kr% mLeku fcu v+Q+ku] tq+cSj fcu vy vOoke] vCnqjZgekufcu vkSQ+] lvn fcu vch oD+d+kl] rygk fcu mcSnqYykg] bR;kfnA;g vkB yksx Fks ftUgksaus vkjafHkd le; esa bLyke xzg.k dj fy;k FkkAeqgEen ¼lYyå½ us vcw cØ fcu vch dq+gkQ+k ds lEca/k esa crk;kfd eSaus ftl O;fDr dks Hkh bLyke ds fy, cqyk;k mlus mlds ekuusesa dqN u dqN lksp fopkj vkSj ladksp fd;k] vfrfjDr] vcw cØ fcuvch d+qgkQ+k ds] tc eSaus muds lkeus bLyke dh ppkZ dh rks mUgksausfcuk fdlh foyEc vkSj ladksp ds mldks eku fy;kAvc vki vkSj vkids lg;ksxh O;fDrxr :i ls yksxksa ds chpbl ckr dk izpkj djus yxs fd yksx ewfrZ iwtk dks NksM+ nsa vkSj,d [+kqnk dh bcknr djsaA muds iz;klksa ls eqlyekuksa dh la[;k esa/khjs&/khjs o`f) gksus yxhA lhjr bcus gs'kke esa bu bLyke d+cwy djusokyksa ds uke Øfed #i ls fy[ks x, gSaA bUgha esa Qkfrek fcUr mejfcu [kÙkkc Hkh Fkha] tks ckn esa mej Q+k#d+ ds bLyke ykus dk dkj.kcuhaA bUgh esa lqgSc #eh Fks ftuds lEca/k esa eqgEen ¼lYyå½ us dgkfd & lqgSc #fe;ksa ls igys gSaAizkjafHkd le; esa eqgEen ¼lYyå½ fdl izdkj izpkj djrs Fks]mldk vuqeku bl ?kVuk ls gksrk gSA vez fcu vclk uked O;fDrÅ¡V ij lokj gks dj vkids ikl vk, vkSj mUgksaus dgk% ^^,s eqgEen!D;k vYykg us vki dks iSx+Ecj cuk dj Hkstk gS\** vkius dgk% ^^gka**AmUgksaus dgk% ^^,s [+kqnk ds iSx+Ecj! eq>dks oks ckr crkb, tks vYykg


20iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouus vkidks crk;h gSA** vki us mÙkj fn;k% ^^,d vYYkkg dh bZcknr dhtk,] mlds lkFk fdlh dks lk>snkj u cuk;k tk, vkSj fly,&jge¼nwljksa ls izse vkSj ;Fkk'kfDr mudh lgk;rk dh tk,½] jDr u cgk;ktk,] ekxksZ esa 'kkafr LFkkfir dh tk,] cqrksa dks rksM+ fn;k t,A**vez fcu vclk us ;g lqu dj dgk% ^^fdruh vPNh ckr gS ftldksysdj vYykg us vkidks Hkstk gSA eSa xokgh nsrk gw¡ fd eSa vki ij bekuyk;k vkSj vkids iSx+Ecj gksus dh iqf"V djrk gw¡A**eDdk esa bLyke dk izpkjgTt ds volj ij izR;sd o’kZ tc lkjs vjc ds yksx eDdk esa,d= gksrs] vki ?kwe&?kwe dj muds chp izpkj djrs FksA blh izdkjmdkt+] etUuk vkSj t+qyetkt+ ds esyksa esa tkdj yksxksa rd viuhckr igq¡pkrs FksAvcnqYykg fcu okfclk vy&vclh vius firk ls vkSj os viusnknk ls dgrs gSa fd gt+jr eqgEen feuk esa gekjs f”kfoj ij vk,Age yksx tejk Åyk ds fudV [kSQ+ ds ikl :ds gq, FksA vki Å¡Vuhij lokj Fks vkSj ihNs t+Sn fcu gkfjlk dks fcBk j[kk FkkA vki us geyksxkssa dks bLyke ds ckjs esa crk;kA [kqnk dh d+le ge us vkidks mÙkju fn;kA geus vkids vkSj vkids izpkj ds ckjs esa igys gh lqu j[kkFkk fd gTt ds volj ij vki ?kwe&?kwe dj vjc leqnk; dks bLykedk lans”k nsrs gSaA vki [kMs+&[kM+s dgrs jgs vkSj ge pqipki lqurs jgsAgekjs lkFk e;ljk fcu el#d+ vclh Hkh FksA mUgksaus dgk% ^^eSa [kqnkdh d+le nsdj dgrk gw¡] fd ;fn ge bl vkneh dh iqf"V djsa vkSjbldks ys tk dj vius d+kfQ+ys ds chp esa Bgjk, rks cgqr vPNh ckrgksxhA eSa fQj [+kqnk dh d+le [kk dj dgrk gw¡ fd bl dh ckr fot;hgksdj jgsxhA ;gka rd fd gj LFkku ij igq¡p tk,xhA** muds yksxksa us


21iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumÙkj fn;k% bu ckrksa dks NksM+ks] ,slh ckr D;ksa dgrs gks ftldks ekuusds fy, geesa ls dksbZ rS;kj ughaA** e;ljk dh ckrsa lqu dj vkidksmu ls dqN vk'kk gksus yxh FkhA vkSj vki us e;ljk ls dgk% ^^rqe gheku yksA** e;ljk us dgk% **bl esa lansg ugha fd vki dh ckr cgqrHkyh gS ijUrq D;k d#¡ esjh tkfr esjh fojks/kh gks tk,xhA vkSj vknehvius leqnk; ds lkFk gh thfor jg ldrk gSA**vkids lEca/kh tks dqjS'k ls Fks] vkidk migkl djus yxsA tcmUgksaus ns[kk fd vki ij bldk dksbZ izHkko ugha iM+ jgk gS] rks oslkekU; #i ls d"V nsus ij mrk: gks x,A ,d fnu tc fd gt+jreqgEen vkSj gt+jr [k+nhtk ?kj esa Fks] ns[kk fd vkidh nks iqf=;k¡ ftudkfookg vcw ygc ds yM+dksa ls gqvk Fkk] oks lkeku fy, pyh vk jghgSaA mUgksa us vius eka cki ls dgk fd gekjs ifr;ksa us gedks ^^rykd+**ns nh gS vkSj dgk gS fd vius firk ds ?kj pyh tkvksA gt+jr [k+nhtkus yM+fd;ksa ls iwNk rqEgsa rykd+ D;ksa nhA yM+fd;ksa us mÙkj fn;k fdgekjs ifr;ksa us vcwygc vkSj mldh iRuh tehyk ds dgus ij rykd+nh gSA mUgksaus vius yM+dksa ij ncko Mkyk fd ;g mfpr ugha fd vcwygc ds ?kj esa eqgEen dh yM+fd;ka gksaA,d fnu gt+jr eqgEen dks dqjS'k ds yksxksa us iRFkjksa ls brukT+;knk ekjk fd tc oks ?kj igqaps rks og [kwu esa fyIr FksA nwljs fnu Hkhvkidks bruh vf/kd ihM+k vkSj d"V Fkk fd vki mB dj [k+kuk dkcku tk lds fd ogka uekt+ vnk djsaA ml fnu tks eqlyeku dkck esabdëk gq, Fks mUgksaus vkids fcuk gh uekt+ i


22iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoutks bLyke ds ekxZ esa 'kghn gq,A mudk gjes dkck esa ltns ¼uekt+esa ekFkk Vsdus½ dh gkyr esa o/k dj fn;k x;kAvcw ygc vkSj mldh choh u dsoy gt+jr eqgEen ds fudVlEca/kh Fks cfYd lEekfur oxZ ls Hkh FksA ijUrq os vkids ?kj esa iRFkjQsadus yxsA yM+dksa dks mdlkrs fd og vkids ?kj esa iRFkj Qsadsa vkSji'kqvksa dh eqnkZ yk'ksa vkSj nwljh xUnh oLrq,a iSx+Ecj ds edku esa MkysaAvcw ygc dh choh tehyk vkids ekxZ esa dkaVs fcNk nsrh rkfd vkidsiSjksa esa xM+ tk,aA vki ?kj okil vkdj iSjksa ls dkaVs fudkyrs] mutxgksa ls jDr cgus yxrkA dksbZ fnu ,slk u Fkk fd vki dkck lsokil gksa vkSj [kwu u cg jgk gksA D;ksafd d+qjS'k iwjh fueZerk ls vkidhvksj iRFkj Qsadrs FksA dqjS'k dks vkils bruh vf/kd “k=qrk Fkh fddkck ds lEEkku dh Hkh ijokg ugha djrs FksA gt+jr lvn fcu vchoD+d+kl dgrs gSa fd ml le; dqjS'k dh fujarj pkSdlh ds dkj.k urks dkck esa bdëk gksdj uekt+ i


23iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkdk'k ls lans'k vkrk gSA mldk dFku lqfu, vkSj mldh tkudkjhizkIr dhft,Amlds ckn muSl fx++Q+kjh Å¡V ij lokj gksdj eDdk vk, vkSjmUgksaus iSx+Ecj eqgEen ¼lYyå½ ls HksaV dh vkSj vko';d tkudkjhizkIr dj ds okil pys x,A tc og vius HkkbZ ds ikl igqaps rks mUgksausiwNk eDdk ls D;k lwpuk yk, gksAmuSl us crk;k fd tc eSa eDdk igqapk rks eSa us eqgEen fcuvcnqYykg dks bl fLFkfr esa ik;k fd ogka dksbZ mudks >wBk crkrk gS]dksbZ mudks tknwxj crkrk gS] dksbZ ek;koh dgrk gS vkSj dksbZ dohdgrk gSA ¼ijUrq muSl cgqr Kkuh vkSj vuqHkoh Fks vkSj doh Hkh FksA½mUgksa us dgk fd eSaus tknwxjksa dk dFku lquk gS ij eqgEen dk dFkutknwxjksa ds dFku tSlk ughaA ;g dFku dfork ds rqY; Hkh ughaA [kqnkdh d+le oks ,d lR;iq:"k gSaA mUgksaus blds vfrfjDr dgk%eSus mudks ns[kk fd og HkykbZ dk vkns'k nsrs gSa vkSj cqjkbZ lsjksdrs gSaA vkSj eSa us ns[kk fd og lnkpkfjrk dk gqDe nsrs gSa vkSj eSausmuls ,slk dFku lquk tks dfork ughaAvcwt+j fxQ+kjh us ;g ckrsa lquha rks mudh ftKklk vkSj c


24iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoubLyke dks Lohdkj djus ds i'pkr og gje esa x,A ogka mUgksausuekt+ idks vius fojksf/k;ksa ij lQyrk ns nh gS] mlle; esjs ikl nksckjk vk tkukA vcwt+j fx+Q+kjh vius yksxksa esa okilpys x,A ogka loZizFke muds HkkbZ muSl us bLyke dcwy fd;kA fQjnksuksa HkkbZ;ksa us viuh eka dks bLyke ds ckjs esa crk;k] mudks bLykedh lPpkbZ le> esa vk xbZ vkSj mUgksaus bLyke dcwy dj fy;kA blhizdkj mUgksaus vius d+chys ds yksxksa dks bLyke ds fy, izsfjr fd;kvkSj dqN o"kkZsa esa d+chys ds yxHkx vk/ks yksxksa us bLyke viuk fy;kAfojks/kh izfrfØ;keqgEen ¼lYyå½ us tc eDdk okyksa dks Li"V :i ls ,d [+kqnkdh vksj cqyk;k rks mudks yxus yxk fd vki [+kqnk esa lk>snkj cukusdks x+yr vkSj fujk/kkj crk jgs gSaA bl dkj.k ls oks yksx vkidsfojks/kh gks x,A vc ;gka ls vkidk dfBukb;ksa Hkjk le; vkjaHk gksrk gSA,d ckj vcwcØ ds dgus ij vki muds lkFk dkck esa vk,A eqlyekudkck ds ifjlj esa ,df=r gq, rks eDdk ds nwljs yksx Hkh cM+h la[;kesa ogka igqap x,A bl lewg esa izkjafHkd ppkZ gt+jr vcwcØ us [kM+sgksdj dhA d+qjS'k ds dqN yksx ppkZ ds chp esa gh Øksf/kr gks x, vkSjmUgksaus muij vkSj nwljs eqlyekuksa ij lglk vkØe.k dj fn;kA mrckfcu jchvk us gt+jr vcw cØ dks bruk ekjk fd mudk psgjk [kwu ls


25iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouyrir gks x;kA bl chp tcfd yksx pkjksa vksj ls vcw cØ dks ?ksjsesa fy, gq, Fks rks ,d O;fDr vk;k vkSj mlus iwNk fd ;g dkSu gS\lewg ls ,d O;fDr us mÙkj fn;k% ^^etuwu fcu vch d+gkQ+k**A dqNle; ckn gt+jr vcwcØ ds ifjokj&tu ogka vk, vkSj cM+h dfBukbZls mUgsa NqM+k dj ?kj igqapk;kA /khjs&/khjs eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds ikleqlyekuksa dk ,d NksVk lk ny cu x;kA ftlesa efgyk,a] iq:"k];qod vkSj o`/kkoLFkk&izR;sd oxZ ds yksx lfEefyr Fks ijUrq vHkh Hkhbu yksxksa dks bLyke ds fojksf/k;ksa dk lokZf/kd Hk; FkkA bl dkj.keqlyeku eDdk ls ckgj igkM+ dh ?kkVh esa tkdj uekt+ i


26iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkgokuijd ?kVuk,aeqgEen ¼lYyå½ us izkjaHk esa O;fDrxr :i ls bLyke dk izpkjfd;kA vki vius ifjfpr yksxksa ls HksaV djrs vkSj mudks f'kdZ¼vusds'ojokn½ ds LFkku ij ,d [kqnk dks ekuus dk mins”k nsrsA ;gkard fd lwjg v'k&'kqvjk esa lkoZtfud :i ls izpkj djus dk funsZ'kfn;k x;kAeDdk ds d+jhc lQ+k igkM+h FkhA gt+jr eqgEen ,d fnu mldsÅij [kM+s gks x, vkSj Å¡ph vkokt+ ls iqdkjk% ^^;k lckgk!** ;g vkokt+vjcksa esa ml le; nh tkrh Fkh tc fdlh 'k=q ds vkxkeh vkØe.kls lpsr djuk gksA blfy, bl Å¡ps Loj dks lqu dj dqjS'k ds yksxlQ+k ds ikl bdëk gks x,Atc tulewg ogka bdëk gks x;k rks gt+jr eqgEen us dgk% ^^,syksxks] ;fn eSa rqEgsa bl ckr dh lwpuk nw¡ fd bl igkM+ ds ihNs lsuk[kM+h gS vkSj og rqe ij vkØe.k djuk pkgrh gS rks D;k rqe esjhckr dk fo'okl djksxs]** yksxksa us dgk% ^^gk¡] geus vkids ckjs esa vcrd dsoy lR; dk gh vuqHko fd;k gSA** vkius dgk% ^^fQj lqu yksfd rqe ,d ?kksj ;a=.kk ds }kj ij [kM+s gq, gks vkSj eSa rqe dks mllslko/kku djus okyk gw¡A**eqgEen ¼lYyå½ us dgk fd ftl rjg rqe lksrs gks mlh rjgrqe ejksxs] vkSj ftl rjg rqe tkxrs gks mlh rjg nksckjk rqefglkc&fdrkc ds fy, mBk, tkvksxs] mlds ckn ;k rks lnk ds fy,tUur gS ;k lnk ds fy, vkx dh ;krukA yksx vkidh ;g ckr lqudj ekSu jgsA ijUrq vkids ppk vcwygc us dgk% ^^rqEgkjk cqjk gks!D;k rqeus ;gh dgus ds fy, gedks cqyk;k FkkA**eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh ?kVukvksa ls ;g Kkr gksrk gS fd vkids lkeuslcls cM+k fpark dk fo"k; ;g Fkk fd yksx dSls vkx ds vt+kc ls cpsa


27iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkSj vYYkkg ds ojnkuksa ds Hkkxhnkjh cu ldsaA dqjvku esa vYykg usvkidks lacksf/kr djrs gq, dgk gS fd laHkork rqe vius vkidks bl x+els gykd dj Mkyksxsa fd yksx bZeku dcwy ugha djrs ¼v'k&'kqvjk% 3½eqvkfo;k fcu gS;nk vydq'kSjh dgrs gSa fd eSa eqgEen ¼lYyå½ dsikl vk;k vkSj dgk% ^^,s [kqnk ds jlwy eSa us viuh maxyh ds iksjksa dhla[;k ls Hkh vf/kd ckj ;g d+le [kkbZ Fkh fd eSa vki ls ugha fey¡wxkvkSj u eSa vkids /keZ dks viukÅ¡xkA vc eSa vkids ikl vk;k gw¡ vkSjeSa vkidks vYykg loksZijh ds ek/;e ls iwNrk gw¡ fd jc us vkidksgekjs ikl fdl pht+ ds lkFk Hkstk gS\** vkius dgk% ^^bLyke /keZ dslkFkA** mUgksa dgk fd ^^bLyke /keZ D;k gSA** vkius dgk% ^^rqe dgksfd eSaus viuk psgjk vkSj /;ku vYykg dh vksj fd;k vkSj rqe uekt+idkscqykus okyk gS vkSj oks eq>ls iwNus okyk gS fd D;k rqeus esjs cUnksard igq¡pk fn;k\ eSa dgw¡xk% ^^gk¡ esjs jc eSa us igq¡pk fn;kA lqu yks fdrqe esa ls tks mifLFkr gS og vuqifLFkr dks igq¡pk ns**A mlds ckneqvkfo;k fcu gS;nk us bLyke dcwy dj fy;kAvcwcØ fcu dq+gkQ+k vius ?kj ls fudys rkfd gt+jr eqgEen lsHksaV djsaA og vKkurk ds le; ls vkids fe= FksA vcw cØ us dgk fd,s vcqyd+kfle eSa vkidks ikfjokfjd cSBdksa esa ugha ikrkA yksx vki ij


28iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou;g nks’k yxkrsa gSa fd vkius gekjs nsorkvksa dks NksM+ fn;k gS vkSj gekjsiwoZtksa dks ew[kZ crk;k vkSj gekjs cki&nknk dks HkVdk gqvk crk;kAgt+jr eqgEen us dgk gk¡! eSa vYykg dk iSx+Ecj gw¡] vkSj eSa rqedksHkh ,d vYykg dh vksj vkSj mldh vkKkdkfjrk dh vksj cqykrk gw¡A[kqnk dh d+le ;gh lR; gSA rqe fdlh dks vYykg ds lkFk lk>hnkj uBgjkvks vkSj dsoy mlh dh mikluk djksA** mlds ckn vkius dqjvkudk dqN Hkkx is tkudkjh feyh fd eqgEen ¼lYyå½ fNidj izpkj djrs gSa vkSj yksx muds ihNs iM+s gq, gSaA[kkstrs gq, varr% eSa gt+jr eqgEen ds ikl igq¡p x;kA eSa us iz”ufd;k fd vki dkSu gSaA gt+jr eqgEen us dgk% ^^eSa vYykg dk iSx+Ecjgw¡A** eSaus iwNk iSx+Ecj fdldks dgrs gSaA vki us dgk% ^^vYykg dk jlwytks vYykg dh vksj ls mldk lans”k yk,A** eSaus dgk% ^^D;k okLro esavYykg us vkidks Hkstk gS\** vki us dgk% ^^gk¡**A eSaus dgk% ^^vYykgus D;k pht+ ysdj vkidks Hkstk gS\** vki us dgk ;g fd vYykg dks,d ekuk tk,] mlds lkFk fdlh dks lk>snkj u cuk;k tk,] cqrksadks rksM+ fn;k tk, vkSj lacaf/k;ksa ds lkFk vPNk O;ogkj fd;k tk,Amlds i'pkr eSaus eqgEen ¼lYyå½ ls iwNk fd bl dk;Z esa vkidslkFk dkSu gSA vkius dgk ,d vkt+kn vkSj ,d xqyke ¼vFkkZr vcw


29iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoucØ vkSj fcyky½ eSaus dgk fd eSa vki ds lkFk gw¡A vkius dgk fd blle; rqe esa lkFk nsus dh 'kfDr ugha gSA vHkh rqe vius ?kj okil pystkvksA tc rqe lquks ge vf/kd gks x,] rc vkdj rqe esjs lkFk gkstkukA vez fcu vclk dgrs gSa fd eSaus bLyke dcwy dj fy;k vkSjeSa vius ?kj okil vk x;kAdqjvku esa ;g funsZ”k fn;k x;k fd vius fudV lacaf/k;ksa dkslko/kku djks ¼v'k&'kqvjk % 214½ mlds i'pkr eqgEen ¼lYyå½ usvius ppk ds csVs vyh bcus vch rkfyc ls dgk fd dqN [kkuk rS;kjdjks vkSj cuh gkf'ke ds yksxksa dks esjh vksj ls fuea=.k nksA blds fy,xks'r vkSj nw/k dh O;oLFkk dh xbZA vkSj yksxksa dks cqyk;k x;kA izk;%pkyhl yksx bdëk gq,Atc yksx [kk pqds rks gt+jr eqgEen us muds lkeus ,ds'ojokndk lans'k j[kk vkSj dgk fd eq>dks vYykg us bl dk;Z ds fy, viukiSx+Ecj cuk;k gSA rqe yksx bl dk;Z esa esjk lkFk nksA vkius ;g Hkhdgk fd rqe esa ls dkSu esjs _.k dk ft+Eek ysrk gS vkSj esjs ckn esjs?kjokyksa dk ljijLr cuus ds fy, rS;kj gS\gt+jr vyh dgrs gSa ;g lqudj lkjs yksx ekSu jgsA fdlh us dksbZmÙkj u fn;kA vki us rhu ckj ;gh ckr dgh\ ijUrq mifLFr x.k esals fdlh O;fDr us enn dk oknk u fd;kA tc eSaus lcdks ekSu ns[kkrks eSa [k+M+k gks x;kA eSaus dgk ,s [kqnk ds jlwy ;|fi esjh vk¡[ksa nq[kjgh gSa vkSj esjh Vkaxsa iryh gSa] ijUrq bl ekxZ esa eSa vkidk lkFk nw¡xkA;g lqudj vkius dgk fd rqe ,s vyh] rqe ,s vyh!ft+ekn dk laca/k bt+n'kuwvg oxZ ls FkkA og dkck ds n'kZu dsfy, eDdk vk,A ,d cSBd esa vcw tgy vkSj mrck fcu jchvk vkSjme¸;k fcu [kYQ+ FksA os yksx ckrsa dj jgs FksA ft+ekn Hkh muds iklcSB x,A vcw tgy us dgk bl O;fDr ¼eqgEen½ us gekjs ny esa QwV


30iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouMky nh gSA mlus ge lcdks ew[kZ dgk vkSj gekjs iwoZtksa dks x+yrcrk;k vkSj gekjs cqrksa dks cqjk dgkA me¸;k cksyk fd blesa dksbZ lansgugha fd ml vkneh dh cqf) Hkz"V gks xbZ gSAft+ekn dgrs gSa mu yksxksa dh ckrsa lqudj eq>s yxk fd eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ ij dnkfpr Hkwr&izsr dk vlj gks x;k gS D;ksafd eSa Hkwr&izsrdk fuokj.k tkurk Fkk] eSa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh [kkst esa fudy iM+kAigys fnu dk iz;kl foQy jgk ij tc vxyk fnu vk;k rks eSa usvkidks eqd+kes bczkghe ij uekt+ i


31iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqgEen ¼lYyå½ us glhu ls dgk fd ;g crkvks fd rqe yksxfdrus nsorkvksa dh iwtk djrs gksA glhu us dgk lkr nsorkvksa dht+ehu ij vkSj ,d nsork tks vkleku esa gSaA vki us dgk tc rqEgkjsÅij dksbZ foink vkrh gS rks fdl Hkxoku dks iqdkjrs gksA glhu usdgk vkleku okys Hkxoku dksA vki us nksckjk dgk fd tc rqEgkjs/ku esa gkfu gksrh gS ml le; fdl dks iqdkjrs gksA glhu us dgkvkleku okys dksAeqgEen ¼lYyå½ us dgk rqEgkjh lgk;rk djus okyk [kqnk rks ,dgS vkSj rqe mlds lkFk nwljksa dks lk>snkj cukrs gksA glhu dgrs gSaeq>s ,slk vkHkkl gqvk fd ,sls O;fDr ls eSa us dHkh ckr ugha dhA mldsi'pkr vki us dgk fd ,s glhu bLyke dks Lohdkj djks] rqegkjhcf[+'k'k gks tk,xhA glhu us dgk% ^^esjs vkSj Hkh ?kj okys gSa] rks mudsfy, eSa D;k dgw¡A** vki us dgk% ^^bl izdkj izkFkZuk djks & ,s vYykg!eSa rq> ls ekxZ n'kZd dk bPNqd gw¡] rw esjs ekeys dks Bhd dj ns vkSjeq>s ,slk Kku ns tks eq>s ykHk nsus okyk gksA** glhu us bl nqvk dksnsgjk;k vkSj tkus ls igys bLyke dks d+cwy dj fy;kAfgtjr ¼iSx+Ecj eqgEen dk eDdk NksM+dj enhuk tkuk½ ls iwoZenhuk ls [k+t+jt oxZ dk ,d izfrfuf/k eaMy vk;kA mudk mís'; ;gFkk fd dqjS'k ls lgk;rk dk opu ysA bl izfrfuf/keaMy esa b;kl fcueqvkt+ Hkh lfEefyr FksA eqgEen ¼lYyå½ dks muds vkus dh lwpukfeyh rks vkius muds fuokl LFkku ij tk dj muls HksaV dhAgt+jr eqgEen us muds ikl cSBus ds ckn muls dgk fd D;krqe pkgrs gks fd ftl dk;Z ds fy, rqe ;gka vk, gks] mlls vf/kddY;k.kdkjh ckr eSa rqedks u crk nw¡A mu yksxksa us iz”u fd;k% ^^oksdkSu lh ckr gS\** vki us dgk% eSa vYykg dk iSx+Ecj gw¡] vYYkkg useq>dks vius cUnksa dh vksj Hkstk gS fd eSa yksxksa dks vYykg dh vksj


32iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoucqykÅ¡ vkSj muls dg¡w fd os dsoy ,d [+kqnk dh bcknr djsa vkSj mlds lkFk fdlh vkSj dks lk>snkj u cuk,A vYykg us esjs Åij vius'kCn mrkjs gSaA** mlds i'pkr vkius dqjvku dk ,d Hkkx is vius laj{k.k essa ys yks rkfd eSa [+kqnk dklans”k igaqpkus dk dk;Z dj ld¡awA tks bl dk;Z esa esjh lgk;rk djsxk]vYykg mlds cnys mldks tUur nsxkAijUrq dksbZ ifjokj vkidh lgk;rk vkSj laj{k.k ds fy, rS;kj ugqvkA vki vjc ds ,d&,d oxZ ds ikl x, ijUrq fdlh us Hkh vkidhlqj{kk dk ft+Eek ugha fy;kA blh chp vki cuw vkfej fcu lvlk ds


33iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouikl x,A mUgksaus Hkh vkids lkFk cgqr cqjk O;ogkj fd;kA vki blgkyr esa ogka ls ykSVs fd os yksx vki ij iRFkj Qsad jgs FksAvki d+chyk cuw eqgkfjc fcu [+kLQk ls feysA mudh fcjknjh esa,d o`) O;fDr Fkk ftldh vk;q lkS o’kZ ls vf/kd FkhA vkius mldks,ds”ojokn dk lans”k fn;k vkSj dgk fd rqe yksx eq>s vius laj{k.k esays yks rkfd eSa [+kqnk ds lans”k dks igqapkus dk dk;Z dj ld¡wA ml cw


34iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoubl ekeys dks vHkh xqIr j[kukA** bl ?kVuk ds FkksM+s fnu ckn vyhus bLyke dks viuk fy;kAgt+jr mleku fcu vQku dgrs gSa fd eSa viuh [kkyk mjokfcUr vCnqy eqRrfyc ds ;gka mudk LokLFk; tkuus ds fy, x;kAogka gt+jr eqgEen Hkh mifLFkr FksA eSaus vkidks /;kuiwoZd ns[kuk“k# fd;kA vkidh iSx+Ecjh dk ppkZ mu fnuksa gks pyk FkkA gt+jreqgEen esjk /;ku viuh vksj ns[kdj cksys% ÞmLeku D;k ckr gSßA eSausdgk] ^^eq>s vki ij cM+k vk”p;Z gS fd vkidk ge yksxksa esa D;k vknjlEeku FkkA vc vki ij fdrus nks’k yx jgs gSaA** vki us blds mÙkjesa dqjvku dh dqN vk;rsa i


35iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoublds i”pkr rqe nksckjk thfor fd, tkvksxsA fQj tks vPNk gksxkog tUur esa izos”k djsxk vkSj tks cqjk gksxk og tgUue esa tk,xkAvcw lqQ+;ku us dgk% ^^D;k vki dg pqdsA** gt+jr eqgEen us dgk^^gka**A vkSj x/ks ls mrj x, vkSj eSa lokj gks x;kA esjh eka fgUnk usvcw lqQ+;ku ls dgk% ÞD;k blh tknwxj ds fy, rqeus esjs csVs dkslokjh ij ls mrkj fn;k FkkßA vcw lqQ+;ku us dgk% Þ[kqnk dh d+leog tknwxj ugha] og >wBk ughaßAvcw tgy dh ,d nklh Fkh ftudk uke lqe¸;k Fkk] og Hkheqlyeku gks xbZaA vcw tgy dks Kkr gqvk rks mlus dgk fd u, /keZdks NksM+ nksA lqe¸;k us dgk fd eSa eqgEen ds /keZ dks ugha NksM+¡xhA vcwtgy us mudks cka/k fn;k vkSj brus dksM+s ekjs fd mudh gkyr fcxM+xbZA gt+jr vcw cØ tks rc rd Ng nklksa dks [k+jhn dj vkt+kn djpqds FksA vcw tgy ds ikl igqaps vkSj ,d lkS nhukj nsus dh ckr dhtc og ugha ekuk rks 150 nhukj nsus dh ckr dhA og vc Hkh ughaekuk rks gt+jr vcw cØ us dgk fd tks Hkh jkf”k ekaxks eSa nsus ds fy,rS;kj gw¡A og fdlh rjg Hkh lqe¸;k dks cspus ds fy, rS;kj ugha gqvkAlqe¸;k nk;k dk dke djrh Fkha vkSj dqjS”k dh efgykvksa dh] cPpksa dstUe ds volj ij lgk;r djrh FkhaA lc us vcw tgy ls vuqjks/kfd;k fd lqe¸;k dks u ekjs ijUrq vcw tgy us fdlh dh ckr ughaekuhA vcw tgy us lqe¸;k dks brus dksM+s ekjs fd mudk lkjk “kjhj?kk;y gks x;k] pyus&fQjus yk;d ugha jgha] ijUrq ;gh dgrh jgha fdeqgEen ds nhu dks ugha NksM+¡wxhA vUrr% vcw tgy ,d fnu lqe¸;kdks dkck ds fudV ys x;k vkSj lc ds lkeus dgk% ^^eqgEen ds nhudks NksM+rh gS ;k ugha\** lqe¸;k us bUdkj dj fn;kA vcw tgy usviuk ust+k muds lhus ij ekjk tks ihB ds ikj gks x;k vkSj bl izdkjbLyke ds bfrgkl esa lqe¸;k dks izFke “kghn dk LFkku izkIr gqvkA


36iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudcwys bLykeeDdk esa nks O;fDr ,sls Fks ftuesa usr`Ro ds fof”k’V xq.k Fks& vezfcu fg”kke ¼vcw tgy½ vkSj mej fcu vy&[+kRrkcA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½us nqvk dh fd ,s [kqnk] vez fcu gs”kke ;k mej fcu vy&[k+Rrkcds }kjk bLyke dks leFkZu nsA ml ds dqN le; ds ckn mej fcuvy&[+kRrkc us bLyke dcwy dj fy;kAmej fcu vy&[+kRrkc vkjaHk esa vkids izpkj ds dM+s fojks/kh FksA,d fnu mudks cgqr vf/kd Øks/k vk;k vkSj mUgksaus fu”p; fd;kfd iSx+Ecj&bLyke dk o/k dj MkysaxsA og ryokj ysdj vius ?kjls ckgj fudysA ekxZ esa uq,se fcu vcnqYykg feys] mUgksaus iwNk fdmej bl nksigj esa dgka tk jgs gks\** mej us dgk% ^^eqgEen ds o/kdk fu”p; fd;k gS] ml lkch ¼v/kehZ½ us dqjS”k ds Hkhrj QwV Mky nhgSA mlus gekjh le> dks x+yr crk;k] gekjs /keZ ij nks’k yxk;k vkSjgekjs nsorkvksa dks cqjk dgk gS**Auq,se us dgk% ^^,s mej] [+kqnk dh d+le rqEgkjh Hkkoukvksa us rqedks Hkzfer dj j[kk gSA D;k rqe le>rs gks fd rqe eqgEen dk o/kdj Mkyksxs vkSj cuw vcn equkQ+ rqedks NksM+ nsaxs fd rqe t+ehu ijpyrs fQjrs jgksA** fQj mUgksaus dgk eqgEen ls iwoZ rqe vius ?kj dh[+kcj yksA mej us iwNk fd dkSu lk ?kjA uq,se us dgk% ^^rqEgkjh cguQ+kfrek vkSj cguksbZ lbZn fcu t+Sn us eqgEen dk /keZ viuk fy;kgSA igys rEgsa mudks Bhd djuk pkfg,A** ;g lqudj mej vkSj HkhØksf/kr gks mBsA blh gky esa oks viuh cgu ds ?kj igqapsA ml le;cgu vkSj cguksbZ nksuksa ?kj ij Fks vkSj ,d eqlyeku] [+kCckc mudksdqjvku dh f”k{kk ns jgs FksA mej dh vkokt+ lqu dj [+kCckc Nqi x,Amej us Hkhrj izos”k djrs gq, viuh cgu vkSj cguksbZ ls dgk% ^^eSauslquk gS fd rqe nksuksa us /keZ ifjorZu dj fy;k gSA** cguksbZ us dgk%


37iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou^^,s mej] ;fn cki nknk dk /keZ mfpr u gks vkSj nwljk /keZ lR; gksrks ,slh voLFkk esa gesa D;k djuk pkfg,\** ;g mÙkj lqudj mejdk Øks/k vkSj c


38iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumej us dgk% ^^,s eqgEen] eSa vki ds ikl bl fy, vk;k gw¡ fd vYykgvkSj jlwy ij bZeku ykÅ¡ vkSj ml pht+ dks ekuw¡ tks vki vYykg ds;gka ls yk, gSaA** ;g lqu dj vki us Å¡ph vkokt+ esa vYykgq vdcjdgkA blls ?kj okyksa us tkuk fd mej us bLyke dcwy dj fy;k gSAbLyke ykus ds ckn gt+jr mej [kkuk dkck x,A ogka dqjS”kds yksx cSBs FksA mUgksaus lc ds lkeus vius dcwys bLyke dh ?kks’k.kkdhA bl ij dqN yksx mB dj mudks ekjus ds fy, nkSM+s ijUrq gt+jrmej cgqr cy”kkyh FksA mUgksa us lcdks /kdsy fn;k vkSj Å¡ps Loj esabLyke dh lPpkbZ dk ,syku fd;kAget+k fcu vcnqyeqRrfyc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds ppk FksA ogiSx+Ecjh ds NVs o’kZ bZeku yk,A eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ,d fnu lQ+k igkM+hdh vksj ls tk jgs FksA ogka vkidh HksaV vcw tgy ¼vez fcu gs”kke½ lsgqbZA mlus vki ls cgqr cqjs rjhd+s ls ckr dhA vki dqN mÙkj fn,fcuk ogka ls pys x,A vcnqYykg fcu tqnvku dh ,d nklh ;g iwjh?kVuk ns[k jgh FkhA og vkids ppk get+k ds ikl vkbZ vkSj mlusmuls dgk fd ,s vcw vEekjk] dk”k ml le; rqe ogka gksrs tc vezfcu gs”kke rqEgkjs Hkrhts dks xkyh ns jgk Fkk vkSj mudks rdyhQ+igqpk jgk FkkAget+k vHkh f”kdkj ls okil vk, Fks vkSj yksgs dh deku mudsgkFk esa FkhA og deku fy, gq, vcw tgy dks [kkstus fudysA vudksog dkck ds fudV fey x;kA vcw tgy ogka ,d ny ds lkFk cSBkFkkA get+k us fudV vkdj vcw tgy dks viuh deku ls ekjk] mldslj ij pksV yxh vkSj [kwu cgus yxkA mUgksaus dgk fd rqe eqgEen ds“k=q cus gq, gks vkSj mudks vi&”kCn dgrs gks rks lqu yks fd eqgEendk /keZ] esjk /keZ gSAvcw tgy ds lkFkh mBs fd get+k dks idM+sa vkSj mUgsa ekjsaA ijUrq


39iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvcw tgy us vius yksxksa dks jksd fn;kA mlus dgk fd vcw vEekjkdks NksM+ nks] D;ksafd [kqnk dh d+le eSaus buds Hkrhts dks vkt cgqrT+;knk cqjk dg fn;k FkkAfooj.k esa vkrk gS fd get+k tc ?kj igqaps rks eDdk ds dqNyksx muls feys vkSj mudks yTtk fnykbZ fd rqe v/kehZ gks x, vkSjvius cki nknk ds /keZ dks NksM+ fn;kA bl ls get+k dks “kadk gqbZ] osv”kkar gks x,A oks lkjh jkr lks u ldsA izkr% dkck esa x, vkSj ogkamUgksaus vYykg ls nqvk dh% ^^,s vYykg] ;fn eqgEen dk ekxZ lR; gSrks mldh lR;rk esjs eu esa iznf”kZr dj ns vU;Fkk esjs fy, bl fLFkfrls fudyus dk dksbZ mik; dj nsA eq>s lR;n`f’V iznku dj vkSj esjseu ls “kadk vkSj vleatl nwj dj nsA**blh ds lkFk og eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls feys vkSj vki ls vius eudh nqfo/kk dk o.kZu fd;kA vki us mudks le>k;k] mudks tgUue¼ujd½ ls Mjk;k vkSj tUur ¼LoxZ½ dk “kqHk lekpkj fn;kA bldsi”pkr vYykg us gt+jr get+k dh “kadk dks lekIr dj fn;k vkSjmuds eu esa fuf”pRrk Mky nhA bLyke dh lR;rk ij mudks iw.kZr%larks’k gks x;kA mUgksaus eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls dgk fd eSa xokgh nsrk g¡wfd vki lPps gSaA ,s esjs Hkrhts] vius /keZ dh ?kks’k.kk djksA [kqnk dhd+le oks lc dqN ftl ij vkdk”k Nk;k fd, gq, gS] ;fn eq>s fn;ktk, rc Hkh eSa rqEgkjs /keZ dks ugha NksM+¡wxkAeDdk esa bl izdkj ,d&,d dj ds yksx bLyke dcwy djrsjgsA dksbZ O;fDr igys gh ls cqrksa dh iwtk dks ilan ugha djrk FkkAmlus tc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds eq[k ls ,ds”ojokn dh ok.kh lquh rksmls ;g vius g`n; dh ok.kh yxh vkSj og fcuk foyac mldk ekuusokyk cu x;kA fdlh us “kke&fQyLrhu dh ;k=k ds chp bZlkbZfo}kuksa ls lquk Fkk fd vjc dh Hkwfe ls ,d iSx+Ecj tUe ysus okyk gSA


40iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumlus tc muds O;fDrRo dks tkuk vkSj mudh ok.kh lquh rks le>fy;k fd ;g ogh iSx+Ecj gSA bl izdkj og vki ls tqM+ x;kA fdlhus LoIu ns[kk fd vki mldks vkx dh [kkbZ ls fudky jgs gSaA mldsi”pkr mlus vki ls HksaV dh] ml ij vkidh lPpkbZ [kqy xbZ vkSjmlus bZeku xzg.k dj fy;kAvkjafHkd le; esa ;gh fLFkfr cuh jghA fofHkUu dkj.kksa ls yksxksadk /;ku vkidh vksj vkdf’kZr gksrkA tkap&iM+rky ds ckn tc O;fDrdk g`n; xokgh nsrk fd okLro esa vki [kqnk ds Hksts gq, iSx+Ecj gSa rksog vki ij fo”okl dj ds vkidk lkFkh cu tkrkA bl izdkj eDdkvkSj eDdk ds miuxjoklh O;fDrxr :i ls vkidh iSx+Ecjh dks ekudj vkids lkFk tqM+rs jgsA ;gka rd fd vkids ikl ,d cM+k nyrS;kj gks x;kAlkoZtfud izpkj/khjs&/khjs cgqr ls yksxksa us bLyke dks viuk fy;k ;gka rd fdeDdk esa bLyke QSy x;k vkSj gj LFkku ij oks ppkZ dk eq[; fo’k; cux;kA vc [kqnk us vius iSx+Ecj dks funsZ”k fn;k fd bLyke dh f”k{kkdks [kqys rkSj ls c;ku djksA bcus blgkd+ ds vuqlkj] rhu o’kZ rdeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ O;fDrxr :i ls izpkj djrs jgsA rhu o’kZ ds i”pkrlwjg eqnfLlj esa ;g vkns”k fn;k x;k fd ,d vYykg dh lkoZtfud?kks’k.kk djks vkSj dqN ?kVk, fcuk yksxksa dks mldk laiw.kZ fooj.k nksAvc eDdk ds eqf”jdksa ¼vusds”kojoknh½ dh vksj ls dM+k fojks/k gksusyxkA ml le; eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks Vdjko ls cpus dk ¼vy>j%94½ vkns”k fn;k x;kA vki vkSj vkids lkFkh ml le; esa ,slk djrsfd tc uekt+ dk volj vkrk rks vkcknh ds ckgj ?kkVh esa pys tkrsvkSj yksxksa ls fNi dj uekt+ i


41iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulkeus bLyke O;Dr fd;k vkSj lkoZtfud :i ls mldh ?kks’k.kk dh¼tSlk fd [kqnk dk vkidks funZs”k Fkk½ rks vkidh d+kSe us izkjaHk esa viusdks vyx ugha fd;kA tc vki us] muds cqrksa dh vkykspuk dh rks osvkids fojks/kh vkSj “k=q cu x,] vfrfjDr mu yksxksa ds ftUgsa vYykgus bLyke ds }kjk cpk fy;kA ,sls yksx de Fks vkSj Nqis gq, FksAvkids ppk vcw rkfyc ;|fi bZeku ugha yk, Fks ijUrq bl voljij mUgksa us iw.kZ :i ls vkidk lkFk fn;kA og vkidh lqj{kk vkSjlgk;rk ds fy, MV dj rS;kj gks x,AdqjS”k us tc ns[kk fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ muds nsorkvksa ijvkykspuk djus ls ihNs ugha gV jgs gSa] rks os cgqr T+;knk ukjkt+ gksx,A blh ds lkFk mUgksaus ;g Hkh ns[kk fd vcw rkfyc gt+jr eqgEends laj{kd cus gq, gSa vkSj vkidh lqj{kk ds fy, rRij gSa vkSj ogeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks fdlh Hkh fLFkfr esa dqjS”k dks lkSaius ds fy, rS;kjughaA dqjS”k ds cM+s ljnkj vcw rkfyc ds ?kj bdëk gq,] muds uke gSa& mrck] “kSck] vcw lqQ;ku] vcwy c[krjh] vy&vlon] vcw&tgy]vyvkl bR;kfnAmu yksxksa us vcw rkfyc ls dgk fd vkids Hkhrhts us gekjs nsorkvksadks cqjk dgk] gekjs le>nkjksa dks ew[kZ crk;k vkSj gekjs lEekfur yksxksadks HkVdk gqvk crk;kA vc vki ;k rks mudks ,slh ckrksa ls jksd nsa;k gekjs vkSj muds chp gLr{ksi u djsa] D;ksafd vki Hkh blh /keZ ijgSa] ge Lao; mudk lek/kku dj ysaxsAvcw rkfyc us fouezrk ls mudh ckrsa lquha vkSj dq”kkxzrk iwoZdmudks okil dj fn;kA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vius rjhd+s ij cus jgs vkSj[kqnk ds /keZ dh vksj yksxksa dks cqykrs jgsA blds ifj.kke Lo:i vkidsvkSj eqf”jdksa ds chp lEcU/k vkSj vf/kd fcxM+ x,Ad+qjS”k ds chp vki dk ppkZ jgrk] os ,d nwljs dks vkids fo:)


42iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumdlkrsAdqjS”k ds ljnkj nksckjk vcw rkfyc ds ikl vk, vkSj dgk% ^^,svcw rkfyc] vki ge lc ls vk;q] in vkSj izfr’Bk esa cM+s gSaA geusvkils dgk Fkk fd vius Hkrhts dks ge ls jksdsa] ijUrq vkius mudksugha jksdkA [kqnk dh d+le ge bl fLFkfr dks lgu ugha dj ldrs fdgekjs cM+ksa dks xkfy;ka nh tk,a] vkSj gekjs le>nkjksa dks ew[kZ crk;ktk, vkSj gekjs nsorkvksa esa nks’k fudkyk tk,A vc ;k rks ge mudksbl ls jksd nsaxs ;k muls ;q) djsaxs fQj vki bl chp ugha vk,axs];gka rd fd nksuksa fxjksg esa ls dksbZ ,d lekIr gks tk,A** mlds cknos ykSV x,A vcw rkfyc dks vius laiznk; dh vykgnxh vkSj nq”euhls cgqr vf/kd ihM+k gqbZA mudks ;g Hkh Lohdk;Z ugha Fkk fd eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ dks bl izdkj fuLlgk; dj ds muds liqnZ dj nsaAdqjS”k us tc vcw rkfyc ls bl izdkj dgk rks mUgksaus eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ dks cqyk;k vkSj vki ls dgk% ^^,s Hkrhts] rqEgkjh fcjknjh dsyksx esjs ikl vk, vkSj eq> ls ,slk vkSj ,slk dgkA blfy, rqe eq>ij n;k djks vkSj Loa; ij Hkh vkSj esjs Åij bruk Hkkj u Mkyks ftldkslgu djus dh “kfDr eq>esa u gksA**eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks lansg gqvk fd muds ppk dk fopkj mudsckjs esa cny x;k gS vkSj vc og mudk i{k ysuk NksM+ nsaxs vkSj mudksdqjS”k ds lqiqnZ dj nsaxsA vki us vcw rkfyc ls dgk% ^^,s esjs ppk] ^[kqnkdh d+le] ;fn os esjs nk,a gkFk esa lw;Z vkSj ck,a gkFk esa panzek j[k nsavkSj pkgsa fd eSa bl dk;Z dks NksM+ n¡w] rc Hkh eSa bldks ugha NksM+¡wxk];gka rd fd vYykg bls vkxs c


43iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouikl x,A vcw rkfyc us dgk% ^^,s esjs Hkhrhts] tkvks vkSj tks dgukpkgrs gks dgksA [kqnk dh d+le] eSa fdlh Hkh d+her ij rqedks mudsgokys ugha d#axkA**dqjS”k us le> fy;k fd vcw rkfyc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks NksM+usds fy, rS;kj ugha gSa vkSj u vkils vyx gksuk pkgrs gSaA bl laca/kesa og iwjh d+kSe dh eq[kkfyQr dk fu”p; fd, gq, gSaA rnqijkar osvEekjk fcu vy oyhn fcu vy&eqx+hjk dks ys dj vcw rkfyc dsikl x,s vkSj dgk fd ;g vEekjk fcu vy oyhn fcu vy eqx+hjk gS]tks dqjS”k esa lc ls vf/kd “kfDr”kkyh vkSj vkd’kZd O;fDr gSA bldksvius ikl jf[k, vkSj viuk csVk cuk yhft,] ;g vkids fy, gS] vkSjvki vius Hkrhts dks gesa lkSai nhft, ftl us vkids /keZ dk vkSjvkids iwoZtksa ds /keZ dk fojks/k fd;k vkSj vkidh d+kSe esa QwV MkyhvkSj muds le>nkjksa dks ew[kZ crk;k] rkfd ge mldk o/k dj nsaAvkidks ge ,d O;fDr ds cnys ,d O;fDr ns jgs gSaAvcw rkfyc us dgk% ^^[kqnk dh d+le rqe eq>ls fdruk cqjk O;ogkjdj jgs gksA D;k rqe eq>dks viuk csVk ns jgs gks fd eSa mldks rqEgkjsfy, f[kykÅ¡ vkSj rqe dks eSa viuk csVk ns nw¡ rkfd rqe mldks ekjMkyksA [kqnk dh d+le ,slk dnkfi ugha gks ldrkA** eqrbe fcu vnhus dgk% ^^,s vcw rkfyc] [kqnk dh d+le] rqEgkjh d+kSe us rqe ls U;k;dh ckr dh gS vkSj tks ckr rqe dks ilUn ugha ml ls cpus dh iwjhps’Vk dh gSA eSa le>rk g¡w fd vki mudh dksbZ ckr ekuuk gh ughapkgrsA** vcw rkfyc us eqrbe ls dgk% ^^[kqnk dh d+le] mUgksaus esjslkFk U;k; ugha fd;k] ;fn rqeus fu”p; dj fy;k gS fd esjs fo:)viuh d+kSe dk lkFk nks] rks fQj tkvks tks rqEgkjs eu esa vk, djksA**dqjS”k tkfr esa ls dqN O;fDr;ksa us eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds gkFk ijbLyke dcwy dj fy;k FkkA dqjS”k ds ljnkjksa us vkids mu lkfFk;ksa


44iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouds fo:) yksxksa dks mdlk;k rks gj oxZ vius Hkhrj ds eqlyekuksaij VwV iM+kA os mUgsa cgqr vf/kd d’V nsrs vkSj mudks muds /keZ lsokil ykSVkus dk iz;kl djrs ijUrq [kqnk us vius iSx+Ecj dks viusppk vcw rkfyc ds }kjk lqjf{kr j[kkA tc vcw rkfyc us dqjS”k dh;g dk;Zokfg;ka cuw gkf”ke vkSj cuw eqÙkfyc esa ns[kha rks og mB [kM+sgq, vkSj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds leFkZu ds fy, mu lcdks iqdkjk ftlij oks Loa; MVs gq, FksA blds ckn lkjs cuw gkf”ke vkidh fgek;r ijvk x, vkSj mUgksa us vcw rkfyc dh iqdkj dk vuqeksnu fd;k dsoyvcw ygc us bl ekeys esa lkFk ugha fn;kAblds ckn dqjS”k ds dqN yksx oyhn fcu vy&eqx+hjk ds iklbdëk gq,] og vk;q esa lcls o`) O;fDr FksA dqN le; esa gTt gksusokyk FkkA oyhn us muls dgk ,s dqjS”k ds yksxks] gt dk volj fudVvk pqdk gSA FkksM+s le; esa vjc ds yksx rqEgkjs ikl vk,axsA os eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ ls ifjfpr gks pqds gSaA rqe yksx bl ekeys esa dksbZ ,d ercuk yksA ,slk uk gks fd rqe vyx&vyx ckrsa djks vkSj bl izdkj,d nwljs dh dkV djus yxksA mUgksaus dgk% ^^,s vcw&vcnq”&”kEl rqegh dqN dgks vkSj gedks ,d lq>ko nks rkfd ge ogh dgsaA** oyhn usdgk% ^^ughaA rqe dgks eSa lqu jgk gw¡A**mUgksaus dgk fd ge dgsaxs fd og tknwxj gSaA oyhn us dgk ugha][+kqnk dh d+le og tknwxj ughaA geus tknwxjksa dks ns[kk gSA mldkdFku tknwxjksa tSlk ughaA fQj mUgksaus dgk fd ge mldks nhokukcrk,saxsA oyhn us dgk ugha] og nhokuk Hkh ughaA geus nhokuksa dksns[kk gSA mlesa fdlh izdkj dk cqf)&fodkj ugha] u gh oks cqjs LoHkkodk O;fDr gS] u gh Hkzfer gSA mUgksaus dgk fQj ge mldks dfo dgsaxsAoyhn us dgk og dfo Hkh ugha ge dkO; laca/kh lkjh jpukvksa dks tkursgSaA mldk dFku dkO;kRed ughaA mUgksa us dgk fQj ge mldks vks>kdgsaxsA oyhn us dgk og vks>k Hkh ugha] ge us vks>k dks Hkh ns[kk gS


45iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumlds ;gka u >kM+ Q¡wd gS vkSj u vks>k tSlk ra= ea= gSAyksxksa us dgk ,s vcw vcn “kel fQj ge D;k dgsaA oyhn us dgk[kqnk dh d+le mlds dFku esa ,d ehBkiu gS mldk vk/kkj cgqret+cwr gSA mldk o`{k Qyksa okyk gS rqe mu ckrksa esa ls tks Hkh dgksxsmldk fujk/kkj gksuk Li’V gks tk,xkA mlds laca/k esa fudVre ckr;g gS fd rqe dgks fd og ,d ek;koh gS vkSj vius dFku ds bUnztkyesa Qalk dj cki vkSj csVs] HkkbZ vkSj HkkbZ] fe;ka vkSj choh vkneh vkSjmlds ifjokj ds chp erHksn mRiUu dj nsrk gSA lc yksxksa us blckr ij lgefr O;Dr dh vkSj ogka ls pys x,AfQj tc gTt dk volj vk;k vkSj yksx vkl ikl ls vkusyxs rks ;g yksx muds ekxZ ij cSB tkrsA tks O;fDr muds fudV lsxqt+jrk] mldsk eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls Mjkrs vkSj vkids ckjs esa crkrsAgTt ds i”pkr tc yksx viuh&viuh cfLr;ksa dks ykSVs rks oseqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds ckjs esa lekpkj Hkh ysdj x,A bl izdkj vkidh[;kfr vjc dh lkjh cfLr;ksa esa QSy xbZA ftl /keZ dks vjc ds dsoydqN yksx tkurs Fks] mldks iwjs vjc leqnk; us tku fy;kAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us eDdk esa ,dds”ojokn dh vksj yksxksa dkscqykuk izkjaHk fd;k rks vkjaHk esa vkidk rjhd+k ;g Fkk fd vki viusifjfpr yksxksa ls vkSj fudV lEcaf/k;ksa ls HksaV djds dgrs fd vYykgus eq>dks viuk iSx+Ecj cuk;k gSA eSa rqedks nkor nsrk gw¡ fd rqe esjkvuqlj.k djds [kqnk dh tUur ds Hkkxhnj cuksA dqN O;fDr;ksa usvki ij fo”okl fd;k vkSj dqN yksxksa us bls vuko”;d le> djmldh mis{kk dhAmlds ckn gt+jr eqgEen lkewfgd lEesyuksa esa tkus yxsA tcvkidks Kkr gksrk fd dqN O;fDr tek gSa rks ogka vki tkrs vkSj muyksxkas ds lkeus ,d [kqnk dh ckr dgrs vkSj mUgsa dqjvku dk dksbZ


46iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouHkkx i


47iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourhoz xfr ls py dj vki ds ?kj vkbZ vkSj vkidh iq=h gt+jr :d+S¸;kls dgk fd vius firk dks cpkus ds fy, nkSM+ks] ;fn foyac fd;k rksmudks thfor u ikvksxhA gt+jr :d+¸;k jksrh gqbZ [+kkuk dkck igqaphaAvcw tgy vkSj nwljs yksxksa us tSls gh gt+jr :d+¸;k dks ns[kk ihNsgV x,A gt+jr :d¸;k us vks> dks [kksyk vkSj gt+jr eqgEen ds fljvkSj psgjs dks fudky dj vius dqrZs ls lkQ+ fd;kA vki yxHkx ,d?kaVs rd vpsr jgsA mlds i”pkr viuh iq=h :d+¸;k dh lgk;rk ls?kj vk,Avxys fnu vki fQj mlh izdkj dkck tkus yxs tSls dksbZ ?kVukgh u ?kVh gksA dqjS”k us ns[kk rks mUgksaus nwljk mik; fd;kA ,d fnumd+ck uke dk O;fDr gkFk esa pknj fy,] ean xfr ls pyrk gqvkvkids fudV igqap x;k vkSj tSls gh vki ltns esa x,] mlus viuhpknj vpkud gt+jr eqgEen ds lj ij Mky nh vkSj nksuksa gkFkksa lsbl izdkj t+ksj t+ksj ls ekjus yxk fd mudk iwjk psgjk [kwu ls Hkjx;kA dqN nsj ds la?k’kZ ds ckn vki Loa; dks mldh idM+ ls NqM+kik, vkSj nksckjk [kwu esa fyIr ?kj okil vk,A D;k dkj.k Fkk fd bruhdêj “k=qrk ds mijkar eDdk okyksa us vkidks lh/ks lh/ks ryokj }kjko/k djus dk lkgl ugh fd;k\ mldk dkj.k ml le; dh tkfr;O;oLFkk FkhA dqjS”k okys nl tkfr;ksa esa cVs gq, FksA ftu esa ls ,d oxZgkf”e FkkA gt+jr eqgEen mlh oxZ ds O;fDr FksA ;fn nwljs d+chyksaesa ls dksbZ ,d vki dk o/k djrk rks d+ckbyh ijaijk ds vuqlkj ;krks vkids [kwu dk ewY; d+chyk gkf”ke dks nsuk iM+rk ;k muls ;q)ds fy, rS;kj gksuk iM+rkA ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd os vkidh gR;k dknwLlkgl ugha dj ikrs FksAvarr% fopkj foe'kZ ls ;g lqfuf”pr gqvk fd dqjS”k ds lkjs eqf[k;kvki ds ppk vcw rkfyc ds ikl tk,a vkSj muls dgsa fd eqgEen dks


48iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvius d+chyk ls fu’dkflr dj nsa vkSj bldh iwfrZ ds fy, fdlh nwljsoxZ ls ,d ;k nks ;qok vius oxZ esa lfEefyr dj ysaA vcw rkfyc ;fnvkidks vius oxZ ls fu’dkflr djus dh ?kks’k.kk dj nsrs rks tkfr;O;oLFkk ds vuqlkj vkidk o/k djuk oS/kkfud :i ls mfpr gks tkrkAdqjS”k dk izfrfuf/k vcw rkfyc ds ikl x;k vkSj mUgsa vius oxZ dh ckrigqapkbZA vcw rkfyc us dgk Þtgka rd esjk laca/k gSß eSa rqe ls dgrkgw¡ fd eSa eqlyeku u g¡wxk] esjh e`R;q vius cki nknk ds /keZ ij gksxhijUrq vius Hkrhts dk cfg’dkj ugha dj ldrk fd rqe mldk o/k djMkyksA eSa rqe dks opu nsrk gw¡ fd eSa mu ls ckr d:axk] dnkfpr eSamudks u, /keZ dks NksM+us ij jkt+h dj ldw¡A rqe yksx dy esjs iklvkvks] vcw rkfyc us tc gt+jr eqgEen ls ckr phr dh rks mUgksa usLi’V dg fn;k fd Þ,s ppk eSaus ftl fnu ls ;g dk;Z vkjaHk fd;k gSmlh fnu ls esjk fo”okl [kqnk ds vfrfjDr fdlh vkSj ij ugha gS] ;fnvki d+chys ls esjk cfg’dkj djuk pkgsa rks dj nsaAß blds ckn vcwrkfyc us dqjS”k okyksa ls dg fn;k fd ÞeSa eqgEen dks d+chys ls vyxugha d:axka ijUrq tc rd eSa thfor gw¡ mudk /keZ Hkh ugha viukÅ¡xkAßdqjS”k okyksa us tc ns[kk fd vcw rkfyc ds ;gka mudk iz;klfoQy gks x;k rks mUgksaus fu”p; fd;k fd gt+jr eqgEen ls lh/ksrkSj ij ckr phr dh tk,A eDdk esa dqjS”k oxZ ds izfrf’Br O;fDr;ksaus ,d fnu ,d= gksdj dgk fd ,d ,sls O;fDr dk irk yxkvks tksrqe esa lc ls cM+k tknwxj] cM+k vks> vkSj cM+k dfo gks] og eqgEends ikl tk, ftl us gekjs ny esa erHksn iSnk dj fn;k gS] lc usdgk bl dk;Z ds fy, mRck fcu jchv ls c


49iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumlds ckn mRck us dgk fd ;fn rqe ;g ekurs gks fd ;g yksx Js’BFks rks bu yksxksa us bUgha nsorkvksa dh iwtk dh ftudks rqe cqjk dgrsgksA ;fn rqEgkjk ;g nkok gS fd rqe mu yksxksa ls Js’B gks rks dgksge Hkh rqEgkjh ckr lqusaA [kqnk dh d+le geus dHkh fdlh HksM+ dscPPks dks vius jsoM+ ds fy, rqels vf/kd nqHkkZX;iw.kZ ugha ik;kA rqeusgekjs ny esa QwV Mky nh] vkSj gekjs /keZ dks dyafdr fd;kA gedksvjc esa ;gk¡ rd cnuke fd;k fd pkjksa vksj ;g ppkZ gS fd dqjS”k esa,d tknwxj us tUe fy;k gSA [kqnk dh d+le ge xHkZorh efgyk dhpha[k ds tSls izrh{kd gSa fd gekjs esa ryokj py tk, vkSj ge vkilesa dV ejsaA** fQj mRck us dgk% ^^,s O;fDr rw bPNqd gS rks ge rsjsfy, /ku dk bruk


50iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkuk iM+k fd laHkor% rqe eqgEen dh vksj vkdf’kZr gks x,A ;fnrqEgkjs ikl /ku dk vHkko gS rks ge rqEgkjs fy, bruk /ku bdëk djnsa fd fQj rqedks eqgEen ds [kkus dh vko”;Drk u jg tk,A** mRck;g lqudj Øksf/kr gks mBk] mlus dgk% ^^rqe yksx Hkyh Hkkafr tkurs gksfd eSa dqjS”k esa lcls vf/kd /kuoku gw¡ ijUrq [+kqnk dh d+le eqgEen useq>dks ,slk mÙkj fn;k fd oks u tknw gS] u dfork vkSj u T;ksfr’kAmlus eq>ls ,sls “kCn dgs fd [kqnk dh d+le] esjs dkuksa us ml tSls“kCn dHkh ugha lqus] eSa vk”p;Zpfdr jg x;k] fd D;k mÙkj nw¡A rqedksiw.kZr% Kkr gS fd eqgEen >wB ugha cksyrkA eq>dks Hk; gS fd rqe ijvkleku ls dksbZ vkink u vk tk,A**blds i”pkr dqjS”k us ,d fnu gt+jr eqgEen dks cqyk;k vkSjvkids lEeq[k dqN izLrko j[ksA mUgksaus dgk% ^^vki tkurs gSa fd gekjsuxj ls vf/kd vlqfo/kktud dksbZ uxj ugha gSA gekjs ;gka ikuh ughagSA gels T+;knk O;fFkr thou fdlh dk ughaA bl dkj.k ftl jc usvkidks Hkstk gS mlls izkFkZuk dhft, fd oks bu ioZrksa dks ;gka ls gVkns ftlls gekjs d’Vksa dk fuokj.k gks tk,A gekjs uxj dk foLrkj djnsa vkSj gekjs fy, “kke vkSj bjkd+ tSlh ufn;ka cgk nsA blh izdkjgekjs iwoZt ftudh e`R;q gks pqdh gS mudks gekjs fy, thfor dj nsAmu thfor gksus okyksa esa dqlb fcu fdykc Hkh gksa D;ksafd os egku vkSjlR;oknh FksA fQj ge muls iwNsaxs fd tks rqe dgrs gks og lR; gS;k vlR;A ;fn mUgksaus rqEgkjh iqf’V dj nh vkSj rqeus oks lqfo/kk,a nhaftu dk geus iz”u fd;k gS rks ge rqEgkjh iqf’V dj nsaxs vkSj mldsvuqlkj ge rqEgkjk oks :rck Hkh eku ysaxs tks rqEgkjk ntkZ [kqnk ds;gka gSA vkSj ge iw.kZ :i ls ;g Hkh tku ysaxs fd vki okLro esa [kqnkds iSx+Ecj gSa tSlk fd vki dgrs gSaA**;g lqudj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us dgk% eSa bu pht+ksa ds lkFk rqEgkjh


51iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvksj ugha Hkstk x;k g¡wA eSa rks ogh pht+ ysdj rqEgkjs ikl vk;k g¡ ftlds lkFk vYykg us eq>s Hkstk gS] vkSj oks eSaus rqe rd igqapk nhA ;fnrqe mldks ekuks rks nqfu;k vkSj vkf[k+jr esa rqEgkjk fgLlk gS vkSj ;fnrqe mldk [kaMu dj nks rks eSa [kqnk ds funsZ”k dh izrh{kk d:axk] ;gkard fd oks esjs vkSj rqEgkjs chp fu.kZ; dj nsA**dqjS”k ds yksxksa us dgk% ^^;fn rqe gekjs fy, ,slk djus ij lgerugha gks rks Loa; vius fy, gh djksA rqe vius jc ls izkFkZuk djks fdoks rqEgkjs lkFk ,d Q+fj”rk ¼nwr½ Hkst nsA tks mu ckrksa dh iqf’V djs]tks rqe dgrs gksA vkSj vius jc ls dgks fd Hkou] cxhps vkSj lksuspkanh ds dks”k rqEgsa ns ns] vksj bl izdkj rqe dks mu dk;ksZa ls fufoZrdj ns ftlesa ge rqe dks O;Lr ns[krs gSaA D;ksafd rqe mlh izdkjckt+kjksa esa tkrs gks ftl izdkj ge tkrs gSaA rqe Hkh mlh rjg dke /kU/ks dh ryk”k djrs gks ftl rjg ge djrs gSaA rc ge rqEgkjh mlinoh rFkk Js’Brk dks tku ysaxs tks rqEgkjk rqEgkjs jc ds ;gk¡ gSA vkSj;g fd rqe iSx+Ecj gks tSlk fd rqe nkok djrs gksAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us muls dgk% ^^eSa ,slk djus okyk ugha vkSj ueSa ,slk O;fDr gw¡ fd vius jc ls bu pht+ksa ds fy, iz”u d:¡aA [kqnkus rks eq>dks Mjkus okyk vkSj [kq”k[kcjh nsus okyk cuk dj Hkstk gSA;fn rqe ml pht+ dks Lohdkj dj yks ftldks ysdj eSa vk;k gw¡ rksnqfu;k vkSj vkf[k+jr esa rqEgkjk fgLlk gSA vkSj ;fn rqe bldks esjhvksj ykSVk nks rks eSa [kqnk ds fu.kZ; dh izfr{kk d:¡xkA ;gka rd fdessjs vkSj rqEgkjs chp QSlyk gks tk,A**dqjS”k us dgk% ^^fQj rqe ,slk dj nks fd gekjs Åij vkleku dkdksbZ VqdM+k fxjk nks tSlk fd rqEgkjk nkok gSA vxj rqEgkjk jc pkgsrks ,slk Hkh dj nsA ge ml oDr rd bZeku ugha yk,axs tc rd fdrqe ,slk u djksA** vki us dgk ;g [kqnk ij gS ;fn mlus rqEgkjs lkFk


52iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou,slk djuk pkgk rks oks ,slk gh djsxkA**dqjS”k us dgk% ,s eqgEen] D;k rqEgkjs jc dks Kkr u Fkk fd gerqEgkjs lkFk cSBsaxs vkSj rqels oks iz”u djsaxs tks ge us fd;k gS vkSjgekjh oks ekaxsa gksaxh tks ge us dh] fd oks igys ls gh bu iz”uksa dsmÙkj ns nsrk tks geus fd, vkSj oks rqedks crk nsrk fd bl fo’k; esagekjs lkFk D;k lywd djus okyk gSA**fQj dqjS”k us dgk% ^^ge rks rqEgkjh ckrsa ekuus ds fy, rS;kj ughagS vkSj gesa tkudkjh feyh gS fd bu ckrksa dh f”k{kk rqedks ;ekek dk,d O;fDr fn;k djrk gS ftldk uke jgeku gSA vkSj ge rks [kqnkdh d+le dHkh Hkh jgeku ij bZeku u yk,axsA ,s eqgEen geus viukrdZ ns fn;kA [kqnk dh d+le ge rqedks ugha NksM+saxs] ;gka rd fd ;krks ge rqEgkjh gR;k dj nsa ;k rqe gesa [kRe dj nksA muesa ls fdlhus dgk fd ge rks Qfj”rksa dks iwtrs gSa vkSj os [kqnk dh yM+fd;ka gSa]blfy, ge rc rd lger ugha gksaxs tc rd fd vki gekjs lkeus[kqnk vkSj Qfj”rksa dks izLrqr u dj nksA**tc mUgksaus eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls ;g dgk] rks vki muds ikl lsmB [kM+s gq,A vkids lkFk vcnqYykg fcu vch me¸;k Hkh mB [kM+kgqvk] og vkidh QwQh vkfrdk fcur vcnqy eqÙkfyc dk yM+dk FkkAmlus dgk% ^^,s eqgEen] d+kSe us vkids lkeus tks ckrsa j[kha vkiusmudks vLohdkj dj fn;k rc mUgksaus vius fy, vki ls dqN ekaxsaj[kha rkfd mlds }kjk og vkidk ntkZ tku lds tks vkids nkos dsvuqlkj [kqnk ds ;gka gSa rkfd os vkidks igpku dj ekU;rk nsa] vkSjvuqlj.k djsaA ijUrq vkius mldks ugha fd;kAfQj mUgksaus vkils dgk vki Loa; vius ykHk ds fy, og pht+savius jc ls izkIr djsa ftl ls os yksx [kqnk ds ;gka vkids ntsZ vkSjJs’Brk dks le> ik,a] ijUrq vkius ,slk Hkh ugha fd;k] fQj mUgksausvkils ;g ekax dh fd vki mu ij vkdk”k ls dksbZ vkink mrkjsa ftl


53iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouls vki mUgsa Mjkrs gSaA ijUrq vki oks Hkh u dj ldsA**vcnqYykg fcu me¸;k us dgk% ^^[kqnk dh d+le] eSa rks dnkfivki ij bZeku ykus okyk ugha] ;gka rd fd vki ,slh lh


54iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufd;kA mlesa X;kjg iq:’k vkSj ikap efgyk,a FkhaA;g yksx fNi dj pqi pki eDdk ls fudysA eDdk ls xqt+j djtík ds rV ij igqapsA ogka ls nks O;kikfjd ukSdk,a gc”k tkus ds fy,rS;kj FkhaA os HkkM+s ds ikap fnjge ns dj ml ij lokj gks x,A eDdkokyksa dks lwpuk feyh rks eqlyekuksa dks idM+us ds fy, vkneh nkSM+k,AijUrq ;g yksx tc rV ij igqaps rks eqlyekuksa dks ysdj ukSdk,a ogkals tk pqdh FkhaA dqN le; ckn gh eqlyekuksa dk ,d vkSj ny gc”kdh vksj jokuk gqvkA nwljs izLFkku esa 86 iq:’k vkSj 17 efgyk,a FkhaAdqjS”k us tc ns[kk fd eqlyeku gC”k igqap dj lq[k ls jg jgs gSavkSj ogka muds bLyke ij dksbZ jksd yxkus okyk ugha rks mUgksaus fQjvkil esa lykg ef”ojk fd;kA fu”p; gqvk fd vez fcu vy vklvkSj vCnqYykg fcu vch jchvk dks ikfjrksf’kd nsdj gc”k Hkstk tk,]tks tkdj gc”k ds jktk utk”kh dks ns vkSj jktnjckj esa mifLFkrx.k dks Hkh HksaV nsa rkfd mudk fo”okl thrk tk ldsAbl ladYi dks ysdj vez fcu vy vkl vkSj vCnqYykg fcu vchjchvk nksuksa gC”k igqpsA mUgksaus loZizFke jkt lHkklnksa vkSj jktk dsfudVorhZ yksxksa dks migkj HksaV fd, vkSj mu ls ijlij okrkZykidjds mudks vius lkFk lger djus dh ps’Vk dh rkfd os jktk dsle{k mudk leFkZu djsaA mUgksaus dgk fd gekjh uxjh ds dqN ew[kZyksxksa us vius iwoZtksa dk /keZ NksM+dj rqEgkjs jkT; esa “kj.k yh gSA ogu gekjs /keZ ij gSa vkSj u rqEgkjs /keZ ¼bZlkbZ½ ij gSa cfYd mUgksaus ,du;k /keZ viuk;k gS ftlls ge vkSj rqe nksuksa ifjfpr ughaA gekjhd+kSe ds yksxksa us gedks blfy, ;gka Hkstk gS rkfd ge nksckjk mUgsavius jkT; esa okfil ys tk,aA vki vknj.kh; yksx jktk ls vkxzg djsafd og mu yksxksa dks gesa lkSai nsaAos yksx lger gks x,A blds i”pkr vez fcu vy&vkl vkSj


55iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvCnqYykg fcu vch jchvk us utk”kh ds jktlHkk esa izos”k fd;k vkSjmUgksaus jkT; izFkk ds vuqlkj jktk ds lkeus ltnk fd;kA mldksmigkj nsdj dgk fd gekjs dqN yksx v/kehZ gksdj vkids jkT; esavk x, gSaA mudh d+kSe ds yksxksa us gesa Hkstk gS fd ge mudks ;gka lsokil ys tk,aA jktk ds njckfj;ksa us okns ds vuqlkj mudk vuqeksnufd;k vkSj dgk fd mu yksxksa dks bUgsa lkSai nsuk pkfg,Avez fcu vy vkl vkSj vCnqYykg fcu jchvk pkgrs Fks fd jktk]eqlyekuksa ls okrkZyki fd, fcuk gh mUgsa mudks lkSai nsaA tc mUgksausutk”kh ls ;g ckr dgh rks utk”kh Øksf/kr gks mBk mlus dgk fd eSamu yksxksa ls ckr fd, fcuk bl lanHkZ esa dksbZ fu.kZ; ugha ys ldrkAmlus vius ,d vkneh dks vkns”k fn;k fd og eqlyekuksa dks njckjesa ys vk,Aeqlyekuksa us vkil esa ijke”kZ fd;k fd utk”kh bZlkbZ jktkgS mlls gesa fdl


56iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudqN dk [kwu cgkrs FksA u ge gyky dks tkurs Fks u gjke ¼voS/k½dksA fQj vYYkkg us gekjs ikl gekjs tSls ,d O;fDr dks iSx+Ecj cukdj HkstkA ge mldh lR;fu’Bk vkSj bZekunkjh dks tkurs FksA mluscrk;k fd ge fudV lacaf/k;ksa ls vPNk O;ogkj djsa vkSj iM+ksfl;ksa dklkFk nsaA lR;oknh cusa bZekunkjh viuk,sa] >wB u cksysa vkSj cslgkjk dkeky u [kk,a vkSj mlus vkns”k fn;k fd ge ,d vYykg dh bZcknrdjsa] fdlh vkSj dks mldk lk>h u cuk,a] mlh ds fy, jkst+k j[ksamlh ds fy, t+dkr nsaA fQj geus mldh iqf’V dh vkSj tks dqN ogvYykg dh vksj ls yk;k Fkk mldk vuqlj.k fd;kA bl ij gekjhd+kSe us gedks d’V nsuk “kq: dj fn;kA gekjs lkFk nqO;Zogkj fd;kAbUgksaus pkgk fd ge nksckjk NksM+s gq, /keZ ij ykSV tk,aA tc ge mudsvR;kpkjksa ls rax vkx, rks viuk ns”k NksM+ dj vkids jkT; esa blvkl ds lkFk vk;s gSa fd ge ij vR;kpkj ugha fd;k tk,xkAgt+jr tkQ+j ds bl oDro; ls jktk cgqr izHkkfor gqvkA mlusdgk% ^^rqEgkjs iSx+Ecj vYykg dh vksj ls tks dFku yk, gSa mldk dksbZHkkx i


57iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouiz”u fd;k fd rqe yksx gt+jr bZlk ds fo’k; esa D;k dgrs gksA gt+jrtkQj us crk;k fd ge ogh dgrs gSa tks gekjs iSx+Ecj us gesa crk;kgSA oks ;g fd gt+jr bZlk vYykg ds cans vkSj mlds iSx+Ecj FksA og[+kqnk dh :g ¼ladsr½ vkSj mldk dyek ¼opu½ FksA utk”kh us t+ehuij ls ,d frudk mBk;k vkSj dgk [+kqnk dh d+le rqe us tks dqNdgk gt+jr bZlk mlls ,d fruds ds cjkcj Hkh T+;knk u FksA bl lsjktk ds njckjh dkQh Øksf/kr gks mBs ysfdu jktk us fdlh dh ijokgu dhA rRi”pkr mlus eqlyekuksa ls dgk fd rqe ;gka lq[k&”kkfUr lsjgksA rqe dks d’V nsus ds fy, lksus dk igkM+ Hkh feys rks eSa mldksysuk ilan ugha d:¡xkA mlus vkns”k fn;k fd dqjS”k ds lkjs HksaV vkSjmigkj ykSVk fn, tk,aA jktnjckj lekIr gqvk rks eqlyeku izlUurkls ckgj fudys vkSj dqjS”k nwr yfTtr vkSj viekfur gksdjAblds ckn eqlyeku “kkafriwoZd gC”kk esa jgus yxsA tc eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ dh eDdk ls enhuk dh vksj izokl dh lwpuk feyh rks vf/kdka”k yksx gC”kk ls enhuk pys vk,A “ks’k gt+jr tkQ+j ds lkFk lkrfgtjh esa [kScj dh fot; ds volj ij enhuk igqapsAdgk tkrk gS fd jktk utk”kh us eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh iSx+Ecjh dhiqf’V dhA vkSj eqlyekuksa dks lk{kh cuk dj dyek i


58iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouus vkns”k fn;k fd tks O;fDr fdlh eqlyeku dks lrk,] mlls pkjnjge tqekZuk ysdj ml eqlyeku dks fn;k tk,A fQj utk”kh useqlyekuksa ls iwNk fd D;k ;g dkQ+h gS\ eqlyekuksa us dgk% ^^ugha]**mlds ckn utk”kh us tqekZus dh jkf”k c


59iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoubadkj dj ns rkfd os vkidk o/k dj ldsaA ijUrq vjc dh xfjek uscuw gkf”ke dks bldh vuqefr u nh fd fd oks vkidks R;kx nsus dh?kks’k.kk dj nsa vkSj dqjS”k vkidh fueZe gR;k dj nsaA vUrr% mUgksa us616 bZŒ esa vkids ifjokj ¼cuw gkf”ke½ dks fu’dkflr djus dk fu”p;fd;kA mUgksaus dkck dh nhokj ij ,d ,yku ¼foKfIr½ yxk nhA tSlsfd ;g iz”kklu dh vksj ls vf/klwpuk gksA blesa of.kZr Fkk fd&1- eDdk ds fdlh O;fDr dks ;g vuqefr ugha fd eqlyeku iq:’k;k eqlyeku L=h ls ckr&phr djsA2- eDdk ds fdlh O;fDr dks vkKk ugha fd og fdlh eqlyekuls eqlkQk ¼feyus ij gkFk feykuk½ djsaA3- eDdk ds fdlh O;fDr dks ;g vf/kdkj ugha fd oks eqlyekuksals O;kikj djsA4- eDdk ds izR;sd O;fDr dk eqlyeku iq:’k ;k eqlyeku L=hls fookg djuk fuf’k) gSA5- fdlh O;fDr ij vxj fdlh eqlyeku dk d+tZ+ ¼ns;&jkf”k½ gSrks mlds Hkqxrku ls mldks fufoZr fd;k tkrk gSA6- ;g ?kks’k.kk i= rc rd ykxw jgsxk] tc rd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½vius /keZ dks u NksM+ ns ;k gkf”ke oxZ mudks laj{k.k nsuk cUndj ns] rkfd dqjS”k eqgEen dk o/k dj ldsaAbl ys[k ds fo’k; dks eulwj fcu bdjek us fy[kk vkSj ml ijekse yxk diM+k p


60iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoutks vkids lkFk ugha fudykAeDdk ds ckgj bu igkfM+;ksa esa ?kkl rd ugha FkhA iwjs o’kZ ogka,d i{kh Hkh fn[kkbZ ugha iM+rk FkkA D;ksafd i{kh okgka tkrs gSa tgkagfj;kyh vkSj ikuh gksA eqlyeku mijksDr ?kks’k.kk i= ds vuqlkj[kkus&ihus dh dksbZ oLrq eDdk okyksa ls ugha [k+jhn ldrs FksA “kvcvch rkfyc ds ekxZ ij dksbZ d+kfQ+yk Hkh ugha xqt+jrk Fkk fd eqlyekumuls dqN [k+jhn ldsaA eqlyekuksa us ogka Hkh’k.k Hkw[k lgu dhA cPpsHkw[k ls O;kdqy gksrs rks muds fpYykus dh vkokt+ igkfM+;ksa ls Vdjkdj nwj nwj rd tkrhAHkw[k ls u ejus dk dkj.k ;g gqvk fd izfr o’kZ pkj eghus gjke¼yM+kbZ ls oftZr eghus½ le>s tkrs FksA mu fnuksa eqlyeku cLrh esavk&tk ldrs Fks vkSj vko”;d oLrq,sa [k+jhn ldrs FksA dkck ds n”kZuds fy, vk, yksx tks tkuoj dh dqjckuh ¼i”kq HksaV½ djrs ;g yksxmudh peM+h lq[kk ysrs vkSj lky ds “ks’k eghuksa esa mu [kkyksa dksmcky dj [kkrsA gt+jr [k+nhtk tks fdlh le; eDdk dh lc ls /kuoku efgyk Fkha] gt+jr eqgEen ds lkFk blh ?kkVh esa thou O;rhrdj jgha FkhaAgt+jr eqgEen vkSj vkids lkFkh blh izdkj rhu lky rd ?kkVhesa iM+s jgsA bl le; gt+jr [k+nhtk ds ?kj dh iwjh laifÙk dsoy ,dirhyh vkSj ,d dVksjk jg xbZA ,d fnu dVksjk VwV x;k vkSj u;ku [+kjhn ldha] rks mUgksaus /kS;Z j[kk ;gka rd fd ,d dkjhxj ogkals xqt+jk rks mUgksaus mldks fn;k fd og mldks tksM+ nsA blh Hkw[kvkSj x+jhch dh gkyr esa os chekj iM+ xbZa vkSj fcuk fdlh vkS’kf/k vkSjfpfdRlk ds 619 esa mudk nsgkar gks x;k] rc oks “kvc vch rkfyc lsvius ?kj vk pqdh FkhaaA ml le; eqlyekuksa ds ikl dQ+u ¼og oL=ftlesa e`rd dks nQ+u fd;k tkrk gS½ dk diM+k Hkh u FkkA bl fy,gt+jr [k+nhtk dks mudh pknj esa nQu dj fn;k x;kA mlds dqN


61iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufnuksa ckn vkids ppk vcw rkfyc dk Hkh fu/ku gks x;kAvcw rkfyc ds HkkbZ vcw ygc dks yksxksa us lwfpr fd;k fd rqEgkjkHkkbZ ej jgk gS rks og ogka x;k vkSj vcw rkfyc ls dgk fd izfrKkdjks fd rqe eqgEen ds /keZ dks Lohdkj ugha djksxs] vkSj rqe viuscki&nknk ds /keZ ij ej jgs gksA vcw rkfyc us opu fn;k fd eSa viuscki nknk ds /keZ ij ej jgk gw¡A;g fu’dkl.k dsoy “kkjhfjd mRihM+u u Fkk cfYd mudk m|ksxvkSj laink Hkh iwjh rjg ls u’V gks x;kA gt+jr vcw cØ vkSj nwljseqlyeku O;kikfj;ksa dk lkjk O;kikj Bi gks x;kA vkSj tek laifÙkHkh lekIr gks xbZAbfrgkl crkrk gS fd ml le; Hkh eDdk esa dqN yksx Fks ftudhpsruk bl vU;k; ds fo:) vkokt+ mBkrh FkhA mnkgj.kr% ,d ?kVuk;g gS fd gt+jr [k+nhtk ds Hkrhts gdhe fcu gt+ke ,d fnu viuhQwQ+h ds fy, dqN vukt ysdj vius nkl ds lkFk “kvc vch rkfycdh vksj x,A ekxZ esa vcw tgy fey x;k vkSj jkLrk jksd dj gdhels yM+us yxkA la;ksxo”k vcqy c[+krjh ml vksj vk x;kA mlus vcwtgy ls dgk ;g O;fDr viuh QwQ+h ds fy, dqN ys tk jgk gS rksrqe D;ksa mls jksdrs gksA vcw tgy vcqy c[+krjh ls Hkh yM+ iM+kAvcqyc[k+rjh xqLlSys fdLe dk vkneh FkkA mlus Å¡V dh ,d gÏhmBk dj vcw tgy ds lj ij ns ekjhAbl izdkj vkSj Hkh dqN yksx Fks ftudh varjkRek mudks buvR;kpkjksa ds fo:) f/kDdkjrh FkhA fg”kke fcu vez vkejh us bllaca/k esa lc ls igys fojks/k izdV djus dk lkgl fd;kA mlus viusdqN lkfFk;ksa dks ,d er fd;k vkSj ,d fnu mudks ysdj dkck igq¡pktgk¡ dqjS”k ds ljnkj igys ls ekStwn FksA vcnqy&eqÙkfyc ds uoklst+qgSj tks gs”kke ds lkFk vk, Fks] mUgksaus ckr&phr dks vkjaHk djrs gq,


62iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueDdk ds ljnkjksa ls dgk%^,s eDdk okyks] ;g dSlk U;k; gS fd ge yksx [kk,a&fi,a vkSj[kjhnks Qjks[+r ¼eksy ysuk&o cspuk½ djsa vkSj gekjs laca/kh cuh&gkf”kevkSj cuh&eqÙkfyc Hkw[k ls ejsaA [+kqnk dh d+le vc eSa bl laf/k dksQkM+s fcuk ugha jgw¡xkA*^rqe bl laf/k dks gkFk Hkh ugha yxk ldrsA rqe >wBs gks* vcwtgy us fpYyk dj dgkA>wBs rqe gks] t+evk fcu vlon us dgk ^tc ;g laf/k rS;kj gksjgh Fkh rc Hkh rqeus gekjh lgefr ls bldks ugha fy[kk FkkA* vcqyc[krjh vkSj eqrbe fcu vnh us Hkh bldk leFkZu fd;kA bl izdkjoks laf/k ftldks le>k tkrk Fkk fd loZlEefr ls cuh gS] eDdkfuokfl;ksa ds chp fookfnr cu xbZA blh chp ,d vkSj ?kVuk ?kVhftl us nksuksa i{kksa ds chp dyg dh fLFkfr dks lekIr dj fn;kA ;g,d Hkqxksfyd lR; gS fd xje ns”kksa esa nhed ikbZ tkrh gS tks izk;ydM+h vkSj dkx+t+ dks [kk tkrh gSA bl fy, rhu o’kZ chrs Fks fd bl?kks’k.kk i= dks nhed yx xbZ vkSj ml laf/k dk ewy Hkkx [k+Re gksx;kA “ks’k vYykg dk uke ckd+h jg x;k] ftl ls ;Fkkfof/k ys[k dkvkjaHk fd;k x;k FkkA bl ?kVuk dh tkudkjh ds ckn lHkh Hk;Hkhrgks x, vkSj lc bl ij lger gks x, fd cuh gkf”ke ds cfg’dkjdks lekIr dj fn;k tk,A utkr ¼eqfDr½ dh ;g ?kVuk iSx+Ecjh dsnlosa o’kZ ds mijkar is”k vkbZA eqlyeku tc ?kkVh ls yacs le; dhl[+r Hkw[k lgu djus ds ckn ykSVs rks os vR;f/kd fucZy gks pqds Fks]muds eq[k ij gfì;ka Li’V fn[kkbZ ns jgh Fkha vkSj “kjhj dh Ropk dks/kwi us dkyk dj fn;k FkkA vkSipkfjd :i ls ;g fu’dklu dsoycuw gkf”ke vkSj cuw eqÙkfyc ds fo:) Fkk ijUrq ifj.kke Lo:i nwljseqlyekuksa dks Hkh d’V lgu djuk iM+k tks fd izfFkdj.k ds var dsckn lekIr gks x;kA rhu lky ds i”pkr eqlyekuksa us ?kkVh ls fudy


63iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudj eDdk esa izos”k fd;kArhu o’kZ ds bl fuokZlu esa eqlyekuksa dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr iw.kZr;%cckZn gks xbZ FkhA gt+jr vcw cØ ds ckjs esa dgk tkrk Fkk fd mudsikl d+k:u ds cjkcj /ku gSA ijUrq muds ikl dsoy ik¡p gt+kjnjge “ks’k jg x, FksAvcw ygc ikfjokfjd yTtk ds dkj.k gt+jr eqgEen ds fu’dkludks lekIr djus ij lger rks gks x;k ijUrq mldh bLyke nq'euhmldks vki ds f[k+ykQ+ lnk Øksf/kr j[krh FkhA mlus fu”p; fd;kfd cuw gkf”ke oxZ ls vkidks ckgj dj fn;k tk,A mlus iwoZ fu/kkZfjr;kstuk ds vuqlkj] ,d fnu viuh fcjknjh ds yksxksa ds fy, [kkus dkvk;kstu fd;kA yksx ,d= gks x, rks avcw ygc us gt+jr eqgEenls iz”u fd;k% ^eSa vius iwoZt vCnqy eqÙkfyc ds ckjs esa vkids fopkjtkuuk pkgrk gw¡ fd os tUur ¼LoxZ½ esa gksaxs ;k udZ esaA vkius dgk&vusds”ojoknh pkgs iSx+Ecj ds laca/kh gh D;ksa u gksa] os nkst+[k+ ls ughacp ldrsA fQj vcw ygc us dgk esjs HkkbZ vcw rkfyc c[“ks tk,axs;k ughaA vkius dgk ughaaA vcw ygc us blh izdkj fcjknjh ds vyxvyx iwoZtksa ds uke ysdj iwNkA vki us gj ,d ds ckjs esa dgk fdeqf”jdksa dh cf[+”k”k ¼Nek½ ughaA ;g [+kqnk dk vVy fu;e gS] blesadksbZ viokn ughaAizkphu vjc easa iwoZtksa dh cM+h egÙkk FkhA vc rd vki us ,du;k /keZ rks vo”; is”k fd;k Fkk] ijUrq vkius iwoZtksa ds fo’k; esa brukLi’V fooj.k ugha fn;k FkkA fcjknjh ds yksx ;g lqudj vkokd jgx,A vcw ygc us fcjknjh ds eqf[k;k dh gSfl;r ls iz”u fd;k fdD;k eq>s ;g vf/kdkj gS fd eqgEen dks fcjknjh ls ckgj dj nw¡A yksxksaus iqf’V dhA D;ksafd fcjknjh dh ijEijk ds vuqlkj] vki blds nks’khgks pqds FksA vcw ygc us dqN fnu ds ckn vki dks fcjknjh ls ckgj


64iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufudkyus dh ?kks’k.kk dj nhAeDdk esa tks O;fDr vius d+chys ls ckgj dj fn;k tkrk rks gjdksbZ mlds fy, Lora= gksrk] pkgs mldk o/k djs ;k mls nkl cukysA fcjknjh ls fu’dklu ds mijkar vki iwjh rjg vdsys gks x,A blizdkj vcw ygc us vkidks jsfxLrku dh vu&mitkÅ /krhZ ds lqiqnZdj fn;kA ;g ?kVuk ml le; ?kVh tc os nksuksa bUlku vkids iklls tk pqds Fks tks vkdk”k ds uhps vkids izR;{k :i ls lgk;d Fks&[k+nhtk vkSj vcw rkfycAvc vkids “k=q vkidks fcuk fdlh fd+lkl ¼[kwu dk cnyk ysusdk fu;e½ ds Hk; ds vki dk o/k dj ldrs FksA ml le; cuw [+khQkoxZ ds dqN yksx mejk djus eDdk vk, gq, FksA dqjS”k ds ,d O;fDrus dqN jkf”k nsdj muesa ls ,d O;fDr dks gt+jr eqgEen dk o)djus ds fy, fu;qDr fd;kA vkidks bldh tkudkjh feyh vkSj vkijkf= ds le; gt+jr t+Sn fcu gkfjlk dks ysdj eDdk ls rk;Q+ dhvksj py iM+sArk;Q+ eDdk ds nf{k.k esa fLFkr gSA leqnz ry ls ,d gt+kj QhVÅ¡pk gjk&Hkjk vkSj ljlCt+A blfy, eDdk ds vf/kdka”k /kuh yksxksaus ogka viuh okfVdk vkSj ?kj cuk j[kk FkkA D;ksafd rk;Q+ ds yksxlq[klaiUu Fks blfy, mudks lkfgR; vkSj dyk ds fy, Hkh le; feytkrk FkkA mÙkjh vjc dk e'kgwj oS| gkfjl fcu fdynk rk;Q+ esagh jgrk FkkA mlus bZjkfu;ksa ls oS| fo|k lh[kh FkhA ml le; dklqizfl) vjc T;ksfr’kh vez fcu me¸;k dk Hkh ogha ij fuokl FkkArk;Q dk vFkZ gS nhokjA ;g vjc dk uxj nhokjksa ls f?kjk Fkk] blfy,bldks rk;Q+ dgrs FksA10 ucoh ¼iSx+Ecjh dk nloka o’kZ½ dks bLyke ds bfrgkl esavkeqy&gqt+u ¼x+e dk lky½ dgk tkrk gSA D;ksafd “kvcs vch rkfyc


65iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouls fudyus ds i”pkr mlh o’kZ vkids ppk vcw rkfyc vkSj vkidhiRuh [k+nhtk dk fu/ku gks x;kA nksuksa e`R;q ds chp yxHkx ,d lIrkgdk varj FkkAizkphu eDdk esa vcw rkfyc vkids lcls cM+s fgek;rh vkSjvfHkHkkod FksA mUgksaus vius thou ds vfUre {k.k rd fojksf/k;ksa dsfo:) vidk cpko fd;kA ;gka rd fd fuokZlu ds le; Hkh vkids lkFk ?kkVh esa pys x,A ;|fi mUgksaus bLyke Lohdkj ugha fd;kAtc vcw rkfyc dh e`R;q dk le; vk;k rks eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ usmuds fudV tkdj dgk% ^^,s ppk] vki ,d ckj yk bykg bZYyYykgdg nhft, rkfd vYykg ds vkxs eSa vkidh flQ+kfj”k dj ldw¡A** vcwtgy vkSj vcnqYykg fcu me¸;k ikl gh cSBs Fks] dgk fd ,s vcw rkfycD;k rqe vcnqy eqfÙyc dh feYyr ¼/keZ½ dks NksM+ jgs gksA bl rjgvcq rkfyc us yk bZykgk bYyYykg ugha dgkA vafre “kCn tks mudht+cku ls fudyk og ;g FkkA ÞvCnqy eqÙkfyc ds nhu ij ejrk gw¡ßAvcw rkfyc ds fu/ku ds i'pkrvjcksa dh dchykbZ ijEijk ds vuqlkj] cuw gkf”ke ds fy, vko”;dFkk fd oks vcw rkfyc ds fu/ku ds i”pkr d+chys ds fy, fdlh nwljseqf[k;k dk p;u djsaA izpfyr fjokt ds varxZr ;g in vcw rkfycds HkkbZ vcw ygc dks fn;k x;kA vcw ygc dk gkf”ke oxZ ds eqf[k;kcu tkus ls gt+jr eqgEen dh leL;kvksa us vkSj Hkh fodjky :i /kkj.k dj fy;kA vc mlus gt+jr eqgEen dks fcjknjh ls fu’dkflrdjus dh ;kstuk cukbZ] ftlds ckn O;fDr fulgk; gks tkrk gSAeDdk okyksa dh bl ls iwoZ Hkh ;gh ekax FkhA os pkgrs Fks fd cuwgkf”ke gt+jr eqgEen dks d+chys ls ckgj dj nsa rkfd vkidk o/k fd;ktk ldsA ijUrq vcw rkfyc tks fd bl ls iwoZ fcjknjh ds eqf[k;k FksmUgksaus ;g Lohdkj ugha fd;k vkSj vius Hkrhts dks ysdj ?kkVh esa pys


66iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoux,] tgka d’V lgrs gq, mudk nsgkar gks x;kA ;g ckr vR;ar xaHkhjFkh D;ksafd vjc esa izR;sd O;fDr d+chys ds ,d vax ds leku gksrkFkkA d+chys ls dV tkus ds i”pkr mldk dksbZ vfLrRo ugha gksrk FkkAvcw ygc us vki dks cuw gkf”ke oxZ ls fu’dkflr dj fn;kA ;g,slk gS tSls fd mlus thou fuokZg.k ;ksX; leLr lk/kuksa ls oafpr djfn;k] vki viuh fcjknjh ls dV dj iw.kZr;k vdsys gks x,A bl lsiwoZ tc Hkh vkidks dksbZ vk?kkr igqaprk rks gt+jr [k+nhtk vkids ?kko/kksrha vkSj vkidh lsok djrhaA vkids ppk vcw rkfyc vkidks lkaRouknsrsA ijUrq vc bl lalkj esa u rks [knhtk Fkha vksj u vcw rkfycAvc vkius ;g fd;k fd gt ds volj ij fofHkUu oxksZa ds yksxtks eDdk vkrs mu esa ls ,d ,d ds iM+ko ij tkdj muls feyrsvkSj mu ls dgrs fd eq>s viuh “kj.k esa ys yks rkfd eSa viuk dk;Zdj ldw¡Avki cuw vkfej oxZ ds ikl x, rks mUgksaus vki ij iRFkj QsadsAcuw gkfjl ds ikl x, rks mlus vcw ygc ds Hk; ds dkj.k vkidksviuh “kj.k esa ysus ls bUdkj dj fn;kA mdkt+ ds esys esa d+chykcuw fdUnk ds ikl x, vkSj mlls dgk ÞeSa rqe dks ,d [+kqnk dh vksjcqykrk gw¡] vkSj bl ckr dh vksj fd ftl izdkj rqe viuh tkuksa dhj{kk djrs gks mlh izdkj esjh j{kk djksßA ijUrq mUgksaus vkidh ckrij /;ku ugha fn;kA ,d vkSj leqnk; us vkids fuosnu ij dgk] Þgeu rks rqedks viekfur djsaxs vkSj u rqEgkjk vuqdj.k djsaxsßA fofHkUuifjokjksa esa ls dksbZ Hkh ifjokj vkidks “kj.k nsus ij rS;kj ugha gqvkArk;Q eDdk dk fudVorhZ {ks= Fkk] os yksx C;kt+ dk dkjksckjHkh djrs FksA dgk tkrk gS fd ewy jkf”k ij iwjk iwjk C;kt+ ysrs FksArk;Q+ esa vcn&;k&ySy] elÅn vkSj gchc mRd’kZ :i lsizfrf’Br yksxksa esa ls FksA vkSj rhuksa HkkbZ FksA gt+jr eqgEen us lkspk


67iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou;fn bUgksaus esjh ckr eku yh rks lkjh cLrh esjh ckr eku ysxhA vkiloZ izFke mUgha ds ikl x,A ijUrq rhuksa us cgqr gh grksRlkfgr mÙkjfn,A vcn&;k&ySy vcnqy eqÙkfyc dk laca/kh Hkh FkkAÞ[kqnk us dkck dks dyafdr djus ds fy, rqe dks gh uch cukdj Hkstk gSß ,d us dgkA ÞD;k vYykg dks rqEgkjs vfrfjDr dksbZ vkSjiSxEcj cukus ds fy, ugha feyk Fkkß] nwljk cksykA Þ;fn rqe iSxEcjhds nkos esa lPps gks rks rqe ls ckr djuk xqLrk[kh gS vkSj ;fn rqe >wBsgks rks rqe ls ckr djuk gekjh izfr’Bk vkSj eku e;kZnk ds fo:) gSß]rhljs us dgkAgt+jr eqgEen rk;Q ls fujk”k gksdj okil gq, rks mu yksxksaus cLrh ds yM+dksa dks vkids ihNs yxk fn;kA os vkidks xkfy;ka nsrsvkSj iRFkj ekjrsA ml le; vkids lkFk dsoy t+Sn fcu gkfjlk FksAoks iRFkjksa dh ckSNkj dks viuh&pknj ij ysrs fQj Hkh vkidk “kjhj[kwu ls yFkiFk gks x;k] ;gka rd fd [kwu cg dj vkids twrksa esa Hkjx;kA gt+jr eqgEen tc t+[+eksa ¼?kko½ ls fuh ls viuh vlgk;rk vkSj csrnchjh vkSj yksxksa dh


68iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufuxkgksa esa vius vieku dh f”kdk;r djrk gw¡Aßckx+ okyksa dks vkidh gkyr ij n;k vk xbZ vkSj mUgksaus vius ,dnkl vnkl ds gkFk vaxwj ds dqN xqPNs ,d cjru esa j[k dj vkidsikl HkstsA vkius fcfLeYykfgj jgekfuj jghe dg dj vaxwj mBk;kAxqyke uljkuh dks ÞfcfLeYykgß ikSrs dksfujLr djkus esa mudk cM+k ;ksxnku FkkA gt+jr eqgEen us eqRbe dksviuh okilh dh lwpuk nh vkSj lans”k Hkstk fd og vkidks viuh “kj.kesa ys ysA eqRbe us rqjUr mldks Lohdkj dj fy;k vkSj vius N csVksadks vkns”k fn;k fd gfFk;kj can gksdj tkvks vkSj eqgEen dks okil ysvkvksA eDdk esa vkdj loZizFke vkius dkck dk rokQ+ fd;kA eqRbe


69iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouus ?kks’k.kk dh fd%ÞeSaus eqgEen dks laj{k.k fn;k gSA lko/kku! dksbZ mudks vk?kkr uigq¡pk,ß eqRbe ds bl laj{k.k us vkidks volj fn;k fd nksckjk eDdkesa jg dj iSx+Ecjh dk dke dj ldsaA eqRbe] taxs cnj ls iwoZ bLykedks Lohdkj fd, fcuk ej x,A gLlku fcu lkfcr us mudk eflZ;kfy[kkA taxs cnj ds mijkar tc dqjS”k ds yksx ca/kd gksdj vkidslEeq[k yk, x, rks vkius dgk% ^^;fn vkt eqRbe fcu vnh thforgksrs vkSj og bu vijkf/k;ksa dh flQkfj”k djrs rks eSa mUgsa NksM+ nsrkA**eDdk okil vkus ds ckn gt+jr eqgEen us mUgha fnuksa lkSnk ls fookgdj fy;kA lkSnk vius ifr ds lkFk eDdk NksM+ dj gC”kk xbZ FkhaAijUrq muds ifr us ogka igqap dj bZlkbZ /keZ viuk fy;kA lkSnk bldkj.k muls rykd+ ysdj eDdk okil ykSV vkbZA ;g ?kVuk iSx+Ecjhds nlosa lky ds ckn is”k vkbZAdqN le; ckn vcw cØ ¼jft+Œ½ us iSxEcjs bLyke ls fuosnufd;k fd og mudh iq=h] vk;”kk ls fookg dj yssaA vk;”kk dh vk;qml le; dsoy lkr o’kZ FkhA gt+jr eqgEen us vYi vk;q dgdjVky fn;kA mlds ckn vcw cØ ds vkxzg ij 620 bZŒ esa bl “krZ ijfudkg ¼fookg½ gks x;k fd fonkbZ ckn dks gksxhA vk;”kk lc ls igyhefgyk gSa tks eqlyeku eka vkSj eqlyeku cki ls iSnk gqbZaArk;Q dk vuqHko gt+jr eqgEen ds thou dky esa lcls T+;knkdBksj vuqHko FkkA gt+jr eqgEen dh iRuh vk;”kk dgrh gSa fd eSaus,d ckj vki ls dgk% ^^,s [kqnk ds jlwy] D;k vki ij tax mgn lsHkh T+;knk dBksj fnu xqt+jk gS\** vki us dgk fd gkaA rqEgkjh d+kSe lseq>dks cgqr pksV igqaph gSA ijUrq esjs Åij lcls dBksj fnu og Fkktc eSaus viuk ifjp; rk;Q ds vCn&;k&ySy ds csVs ls djk;k FkkAmlus eq>dks cgqr cqjk mÙkj fn;kA


70iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouogka ls eSa cgqr nq[kh vkSj vkgr okil gqvkA tc eSa d+uZ&lkycds LFkku ij igqapk rks eq>dks dqN vkjke feykA ml le; eSa us viukflj mBk;k rks ns[kk fd ,d ckny eq>ij Nk;k fd, gq, gS vkSj mldsvUnj [+kqnk ds Qfj”rs (angel) ftczkbZy FksA ftczkbZy us ogha ls eq>dksvkokt+ nh fd ,s eqgEen] vkidh d+kSe us vkidks tks mÙkj fn;k gS oksvYykg us lqu fy;k gSA vc vYykg us vkids ikl eydqy&ftcky¼igkM+ksa dk Qfj”rk½ dks Hkstk gSA vki mldks tks pkgsa vkns”k nsa] ogvkidh vkKk dk ikyu djsxkAmlds ckn igkM+ksa dk Qfj”rk esjs lkeus vk;k vkSj eq>dks lykefd;k fQj dgk fd ,s eqgEen eSa eydqy ftcky gw¡a] ;g lkjs igkM+ esjso”k esa gSaA vki tks pkgs eq>dks vkns”k nsaA ;fn vki vkns”k nsa rks eSabu nksuksa igkM+ksa dks vkil esa feyk nw¡ vkSj rk;Q ds lkjs yksx blesafil dj jg tk,aA gt+jr eqgEen us dgk% ^^ughaA eSa vk”kk djrk g¡w fdvYykg muds oa”k esa ,sls yksx iSnk djs tks muds tSls u gksaa og ,dvYykg dh bcknr djsa vkSj mlds lkFk fdlh dks lk>snkj u Bgjk,aA**rk;Q dh ;g ;k=k fgtjr ¼izokl½ ls rhu o’kZ iwoZ is”k vkbZAogka ls ykSVrs gq, tc vki u[k+yk ds LFkku ij igqaps rks ogka :dx,A ml le; t+Sn fcu gkfjlk vkids lkFk FksA ;g iwjh ;k=k vkius iSny dh FkhAblh volj ij jkr dks ;g ?kVuk ?kVh fd vki uekt+ esa dqjvkui


71iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouny dks rqEgkjh vksj ys vk,A os dqjku lquus yxsA tc oks blds lehivk, rks dgus yxs fd pqi jgksA fQj tc dqjvku i


72iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouleqnk; ds ikl tkrs vkSj mudks bLyke dk lans”k nsrsA ml le; dh?kVuk eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds ,d lkFkh crkrs gSa] ml oD+r rd mUgksausbLyke xzg.k ugha fd;k FkkA mUgksaus dgk] eSa T+kqyetkt+ ds ckt+kj esaFkk fd eSa us ns[kk fd ,d ;qod nks yky ;euh pknj esa fyiVk gqvkxqt+j jgk gSA og Å¡ph vkokt+ esa dg jgk Fkk] ^^,s yksxks yk bykgbYyYykg dgks] dke;kc gksxsA** yksx mldh ckrsa lquus ds fy, mldspkjksa vksj tek gks jgs gSaA fQj eSaus ns[kk fd ,d vkneh muds ihNs pyjgk gSA mlus vkidks iRFkj ekj&ekj dj vkidh fiaMfy;ksa ¼Vkaxksa½ dks[kwu ls yFk&iFk dj fn;k Fkk vkSj og dg jgk Fkk Þ,s yksxks ;g >wBkgS bldh ckr u ekuksßA EkSa us iwNk ;g dkSu gSA yksxksa us crk;k fd;g eqgEen uke dk gk”keh oxZ dk ,d ;qod gS tks vius dks jlwycrkrk gSA vkSj mlds ihNs mldk ppk vcnqy mT+t+k ¼vcw ygc½ gSAvki bl izdkj esyksa esa tkdj izpkj djrs FksA ,d ckj feuk dsfudV d+chyk [k+T+kjt ds dqN yksxksa us vki ls HksaV dhA vki us mudksHkh bLyke dh vksj cqyk;kA eDdk ds foijhr enhuk okyksa us vkidhckr dks /;kuiwoZd lquk vkSj muds dqN yksxksa us mlh le; bLykexzg.k dj fy;kAenhuk ml le; ;fLjc dgykrk FkkA vkSj eDdk ds mÙkj fn”kkesa pkj lkS fdyksehVj dh nwjh ij fLFkr FkkA ;fLjc ds fudVorhZ {ks=ksaesa dbZ ;gwnh ifjokj vkckn FksA bZlk ls 6 lkS o’kZ iwoZ tc bjkd+ dsjktk c[+r ulj us QyLrhu ij vkØe.k fd;k vkSj cSrqy eqd+íl dks/oLRk djds ;gwfn;ksa dks muds ns”k ls fudky fn;k rks muds dqNleqnk; vjc dh vksj Hkkx vk, vkSj [kScj] fQ+nd] vkSj ;fLjc esavkdj cl x,A blh izdkj dgk tkrk gS fd tc elhg ls 120 o’kZ iwoZizfl) lSykc ¼lSy ,fje½ vk;k vkSj ogka ds yksx nwljs ns”kksa esa tkdjcl x, rks mUgha esa ls nks HkkbZ vkSl vkSj [+kT+jt Fks] tks vius ifjokj


73iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulfgr ;fLjc esa vkdj cl x,A ;gka Je vkSj d`f’k mudh thfodkdk lk/ku FkhA mudh la[;k cxM+k gksrk rks ;gwnh mudks/kedkrs fd Þgekjs /kkfeZd xzaFkksa ds vuqlkj ,d cgqr cM+k uch iSnkgksus okyk gSA ge muds lkFk gksdj rqels yM+saxs vkSj rqedks vkn vkSjbje dh rjg feVk nsaxsAß;g ppkZ Fkh tc iSx+Ecjh ds X;kjgosa o’kZ vkSl vkSj [+kT+jt dsyksxksa dks eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dk lans”k feykA ;g yksx mejk ds fy,enhuk ls eDdk vk, FksA tc mUgksaus vkidks ns[kk vkSj vkidh ckrsalquha rks mudks oks lc Lej.k gks Xk;k tks mUgksaus vius iM+kslh ;gwfn;ksals lqu j[kk Fkk]A ,d us nwljs ls dgk%Þ;g rks ogh uch izrhr gksrs gSa ftudh ppkZ ;gwnh gels djrs FksAßblfy, ;fLjc ds 6 O;fDr;ksa us mlh le; bLyke dk vuqlj.kdj fy;kA vxys o’kZ 621 bZŒ esa ;fLjc ds yksx dkck n”kZu ds fy,vk, rks ogka ds eqlyekuksa dh la[;k ckjg gks pqdh FkhA nl O;fDr,d oxZ ds Fks nks O;fDr nwljs oxZ dsA bu yksxksa us eDdk igq¡pdj,d ?kkVh esa gt+jr eqgEen ls HksaV dh vkSj enhus esa bLykeh izpkjds lanHkZ esa fopkj&foe”kZ fd;kA bl ?kVuk dks bLykeh bfrgkl esacSvrs Åyk ¼izFke vkKkdkfjrk dh “kiFk½ dgk tkrk gSA bu yksxksa usgt+jr eqgEen ds gkFk ij bu “krksZa ij “kiFk yh%1- ,d [kqnk ds vfrfjDr fdlh dh bcknr ¼iwtk½ u djsaxsA


74iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou2- fdlh dk /ku u pqjk,axsA3- ft+uk ¼cykrdkj½ u djsaxsA4- viuh larkuksa dk o) ugha djsaxsA5- fdlh ij >wBk nks’k ugha yxk,axsA6- Hkys dkeksa esa iSx+Ecj dh vogsyuk ugha djsaxsA;fLjc ds ;g eqlyeku vius ns”k ykSVus yxs rks gt+jr eqgEenus mudh izpkj laca/kh vkSj “kSf{kd lgk;rk ds fy, vius nks vknehdks muds lkFk dj fn;kA ;g vCnqYykg fcu mEes eDrwe vkSj eqLvcfcu meSj FksA ;g nksuksa ;fLjc igqap dj vln fcu tqjkjg ds fuoklLFkku ij Bgjs tks ,d o’kZ iwoZ bLyke yk pqds FksA enhus dk okrkoj.kbLyke ds fy, vuqdwy fl) gqvkA D;ksafd ;gwn ds iM+ksl ds dkj.kog Þvkus okys iSx+Ecjß ls ifjfpr gks pqds FksAtc mUgksaus ns[kk fd vkus okyk iSx+Ecj ;gwnh vkSj bZlkb;ksa esa ughacfYd mudh viuh d+kSe ¼vjc½ esa iSnk gqvk gSA rks os vkSj Hkh vf/kdizlUu gq,A mUgksusa dgk vc rd ;gwfn;ksa dh rqyuk esa ge bl fy,de Fks fd muds ikl vklekuh fdrkc gS vkSj gekjs ikl ugha gSAvc ge vjch iSx+Ecj dks eku dj] ml vklekuh fdrkc ds ekfydcu ldrs gSaA ;fLjc esa bLyke dks cgqr vf/kd ekU;rk izkIr gqbZAvCnqYykg fcu mEes&eDrwe vkSj eqlvc fcu meSj ,d vksj eqlyekuksadks bLykeh vkns”kksa dh f”k{kk nsrs] nwljh vksj ckd+h yksxksa ds chpbLyke dk izpkj djrsA bl izpkj dk rjhd+k vf/kdrj ;g gksrk fdoks yksxksa dks FkksM+k&FkksM+k dqjvku i


75iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouls pys tkvks vU;Fkk Bhd ugha gksxkAßÞge tks dqN dgrs gSa vki Hkh mls lqusaA ;fn ilUn vk, rks ekusaugha rks u ekusaß eqlvc fcu meSj us dgkAmlSn fcu gqt+Sj lquus ds fy, rS;kj gks x, rks eqlvc fcu meSjus dqjvku dk dqN Hkkx i


76iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou,d jktk ds p;u ds iz”u ij erHksn mRiUu gks x;k gSA ;|fi ,dlqukj us ;fLjc ds ,d ljnkj vCnqYykg fcu mcS; ds flj dk ekify;k gS rkfd og mlds fy, rkt cuk,A ijUrq ;fLjc ds vf/kdrjljnkj mlds jktk cuk, tkus ij lger ughaA mUgksaus crk;k fd buifjfLFkfr;ksa esa tcfd ;fLjc okfl;ksa dh mfpr la[;k ^eqlyeku* gkspqdh gSA ;fn vki ns”k NksM+ dj ;fLjc psysa rks ogka ds yksx jktkdh vis{kk ,d iSx+Ecj ds p;u ij lger gks tk,axsA D;ksafd vkiu dsoy iSx+Ecj gSa cfYd dqjS”k oxZ ls gSa vkSj vkids firk ;fLjc dsikl nQ+u gSaA;g ,d laosnu”khy iz”u Fkk] D;ksafd gt+jr eqgEen bruh fodVifjfLFkfr;ksa ds mijkar Hkh dqjS”k ds ,d lnL; FksA eDdk NksM+ dj;fLjc tkuk dqjS”k ls lnk ds fy, laca/k rksM+ ysuk FkkA tkrh; O;oLFkkesa viuh tkfr ls dVuk] tSls fd vius lkFkh vkSj ennxkj ls vkSjviuh thfodk ls dV tkus ds tSlk FkkA gt+jr eqgEen us ;fLjc dsyksxksa ls dgk fd ÞD;k vki yksx eq> ls cSvr&fulk djus dks rS;kjgSaA cSvr&fulk dk vFkZ ;g Fkk fd bl ckr dk opu fn;k tk, okscSvr ¼”kiFk½ okys dh lqj{kk vius cPps vkSj vkSjrksa dh rjg djsaxsAcjk fcu ev:j us izfrfuf/kRo djrs gq, dgk% Þ,s [kqnk ds jlwy]d+le ml t+kr dh ftlus vkidks gd+ ds lkFk Hkstk gSA ge opu nsrsgSa fd ftl izdkj ge viuh choh vkSj cPpksa dh lqj{kk vkSj lgk;rkdjrs gSa mlh izdkj vkidh Hkh djsaxsA ge j.kHkwfe ds ?kqM+lokj gSaßA;fLjc ds yksx “kiFk ysus ds fy, rS;kj gks jgs Fks fd vcqy gSlefcu my rhgku us vkxs c


77iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougt+jr eqgEen us dgk ,slk dknfi ugha gks ldrkA rqEgkjk [kwuesjk [kwu gS] rqe esjs gks vkSj eSa rqEgkjk g¡wA rqEgkjh vkSj esjh lfU/k vkSj;q) ,d gSß mlds ckn “kiFk vkjaHkh gqbZA “kiFk ds chp vCckl fcumcknk us dgk%Þ,s [k+T+jt leqnk;] le> yks fd fdl pht+ ij “kiFk ys jgs gks];g “kiFk vjc o vte ds fo:) ;q) dh ?kks’k.kk gSAß lc us dgk gka]ge blh ij “kiFk ys jgs gSaA gekjh tku vkSj eky vYykg vkSj mldsjlwy ds fy, gSßA mlds ckn vki us ;fLjc ds eqlyekuksa ¼vUlkj½esa ls ckjg vknfe;ksa dks fuxjka ¼fufj{k.k djus okys½ dh gSfl;r lspquk vkSj muls dgk%rqe ;fLjc ds eqlyekuksa ij fuxjk¡ ¼fufj{kd½ gksAßbl izdkj ,d u;k leqnk; cuk tks ml le; ds jhfr fjokt lsiw.kZr;% fHkUu FkkA bl oxZ dh uhao ikfjokfjd ;k tkrh; laca/kksa ij uFkhA cfYd deZ vkSj fo”okl ij FkhA blh ifjos”k esa bldk uke mEerseqfLyek j[kk x;kA ;g vd+ck tgka gt+jr eqgEen us fujarj nks o’kZrd ;fLjc ds eqlyekuksa ls “kiFk yh] viuh iwoZ fLFkfr esa ekStwn ughagSA ijUrq ogka ,d efLtn vc Hkh fu”kkuh ds :i esa ekStwn gSArnksijkar eqlyekuksa dh Hkk’kk esa nks “kCnksa dk lekos”k gks x;k& ,dvulkj] nwljs eqgkftjhuA vulkj dk eRyc Fkk& enhus ds eqlyekuvkSj eqgkftjhu dk eRyc Fkk& eDdk ds eqlyekuA izkjaHk esa vulkjdsoy mu eqlyekuksa ds fy, cksyk tkrk Fkk ftUgksaus 622&621 esagt+jr eqgEen ds gkFk ij cSvr dh Fkh ijUrq ckn esa ;g “kCn enhusds lkjs eqlyekuksa ds fy, cksyk tkus yxkA;fLjc ds eqlyeku vxyh lqcg dks eDdk ls jokuk gks x,A rhufnu ds ckn dqjS”k dks bldh tkudkjh feyh rks mUgksaus rst+xkeh ?kksM+ksaij vius vkneh nkSM+k, fd mUgsa idM+ dj eDdk okil yk,aA ijUrq


78iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouos yksx ekxZ cny dj tk jgs Fks bl dkj.k] rst+ xfr ds ?kqM+lokjksads mijkar mUgsa ikus esa lQy ugha gq, vkSj os yksx ldq”ky enhukigq¡p x,Avc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us izokl dk vkns”k nsrs gq, eDdk dseqlyekuksa ls dg fn;k fd og eDdk NksM+ dj ;fLjc pys tk,a vkSjogka viuh “kfDr dks laxfBr djsaA eqlyeku NksVs&NksVs ny cukdj eDdk ls tkus yxsA dqjS”k us Hkh mudh xfrfof/k;ksa ij viuhn`f"V j[kuh “kq# dhA gkf”ke fcu vkl dks Bhd jokuk gksus ds le;idM+ fy;k vkSj csfM+;ksa esa cka/k dj uxj ds ckgj jsfxLrku esa Mkyfn;kA ;gh ml le; dh fgjklr Fkh vFkkZr d+Sn] D;ksafd eDdk esadksbZ dkjxkj u FkkA vjc dk izFke canhxzg gt+jr eqgEen ds fu/kuds i”pkr dwQk esa cuk;k x;kA vulkj dks lwpuk feyh rks mUgksausvius dqN vkneh rst+xkeh ?kksM+ksa ij lokj djds eDdk Hksts ftUgksausgkf”ke dh csfM+;ka [kksyha vkSj mUgsa Å¡V ij lokj djds enhuk ys x,Agkf”ke ds “kjhj ij ml le; gìh vkSj peM+s ds vfrfjDr dqN 'ks"kugha cpk FkkA ,d /kuh eqlyeku cuw tk”k ds ckjs esa tSls gh Kkrgqvk fd og ;fLjc pys x,] vcw lqQ;ku us muds cgqr cM+s ?kj ijd+Ct+k dj fy;kA nwljs ekynkj eqlyeku tks lqgSc fcu fluku #ehds uke ls izfl) Fks] mudks dqjS”k ds yksxksa us idM+k vkSj dgk fd] ^^,slqgSc! tc rqe eDdk vk, rks fu/kZu FksA bl uxj esa O;kikj dj dsrqe /kuoku gks x, gks] bldks ysdj ge rqedks tkus ugha nsaxsA** lqgScus lkjh /ku&laifÙk mudks ns nh vkSj [kkyh gkFk ;fLjc pys x,A blizdkj eDdk eqlyekuksa ls [kkyh gks x;kA vc dsoy eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½vkSj muds nks fudV lg;ksxh vcw cØ ¼jft+Œ½ vkSj vyh ¼jft+Œ½ jgx, FksA ;k oks det+ksj vkSj fu/kZu eqlyeku tks dqjvku ds vuqlkjbl izdkj nqvk,a djrs Fks%Þ,s gekjs jc! ge dks vkSj gekjs ifjokj okyksa dks bl uxj dsyksxksa ds vR;kpkj ls cpkßA


79iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouenhus dh vksj fgtjr ¼izokl½vc dqjS”k ds fy, vko”;d gks x;k Fkk fd dksbZ vafre mik;lkspsa D;ksafd ftl bLyke dks os vc rd v”kDr le> jgs Fks] oksenhuk igq¡p dj ,d ubZ laxfBr “kfDr cu jgk FkkA dqjS”k ml le;nl leqnk; esa caVs gq, FksA izR;sd leqnk; dk viuk ,d ea=ky; gksrkFkkA ftldks vyuknh dgrs FksA fQj iwjs dqjS”k dh ,d la;qDr lehfrgksrh Fkh ftldks nk:y unok dgk tkrk FkkA ftlesa izR;sd leqnk;ds ea=ky; ds ljnkj lfEefyr gksrs FksA tc dqjS”k ds ljnkjksa dkstkudkjh feyh fd eqlyekuksa ds izokl us ,d fodjky #i /kkj.k djfy;k gS] rc mUgksaus la;qDr lfefr dh ,d fo”ks’k cSBd cqykbZ ftlesalkjs izfrfuf/k;ksa us Hkkx fy;kAfopkj.kh; fo’k; Fkk fd orZeku LFkfr ls dSls fuiVk tk,A igykizLrko ;g Fkk fd gt+jr eqgEen dks gkf”ke fcu vkl dh rjg canhcuk fy;k tk,A vFkkZr csfM+;ksa esa ck¡/kdj mUgsa taxy esa NksM+ fn;ktk,A fdUrq blesa ;g Hk; Fkk fd enhus ds eqlyekuksa dks bldh lwpukfey xbZ rks os vk,axs vkSj gt+jr eqgEen dks mlh izdkj eqDr djkysaxs ftl izdkj mUgksaus gkf”ke dks eqDr djk fy;kAfQj ;g izLrko vk;k fd vki dks eDdk ls fu"dkflr dj fn;ktk,] ;g Hkh vly leL;k dk lek/kku ugha FkkA D;ksafd vk”kadk Fkhfd eDdk ls fudyus ds ckn vki ;fLjc pys tk,axs vkSj ogka viuh“kfDr bdëk dj ds gekjs fy, ,d ubZ leL;k cu tk,saxsA vUrr%vcw tgy ds izLrko ds vuqlkj ;g r; ik;k fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dko/k dj fn;k tk,Aizkphu vjc esa fdlh dk o/k dj nsuk u rks /kkfeZd #i ls cqjkle>k tkrk Fkk vkSj u uSfrd #i lsA dsoy /ku dh gkfu FkhA D;ksafd


80iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougR;kjs dks gR;k ds cnys mlds mÙkjkf/kdkfj;ksa dks ns;r ¼oks /kujkf”ktks gR;k ds cnys muds okfjlksa dks pqdkuh iM+s½ nsuk iM+rk FkkA tksO;fDr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh fgek;r djrk Fkk mldsk Hkh dq+jS”k us jkt+hdj fy;k fd og vkidk lkFk NksM+ ns vkSj vkidk i{k ysuk can djnsA bl izdkj la;qDr lehfr ds lnL;ksa us fuf”pr #i ls vki ds o/kdk fu.kZ; ys fy;kA r; ;g ik;k fd dqjS”k ds nl leqnk; ds yksxfeydj vki dk o/k djsa vkSj gkf”ke oxZ dk eqf[k;k Hkh blesa “kkfeygks rkfd [kwu dk cnyk ;k ;q) dh dksbZ vk”kadk u jgsA gR;kjksa dhlwph Hkh mlh le; rS;kj dj yh xbZAgt+jr eqgEen dh ,d QwQh Fkha ftudk uke :d+¸;k fcUr vchlSQ+ FkkA vYykg dh lgk;rk ls mudks bl ckr dh lwpuk fey xbZfd dqjS”k us iSx+Ecjs bLyke ds o/k dh ;kstuk cukbZ gSA os yksx dyjkf= dks Hkksj ls iwoZ vki ds ?kj dks ?ksj ysaxsA ;kstuk ;g gS fd lc,d lkFk vki ij vkØe.k djsa vkSj ryokj ls muds VqdM+s&VqdM+sdj MkysaA :d+¸;k [k+keks”kh ls vkids ikl vkbZa vkSj dgk rqjar dksbZmik; djksAgt+jr eqgEen mlh le; vcw cØ ds ?kj igqaps vkSj lkjk fd+Llkdg lquk;kA vcw cØ us dgk% Þbl mís”; ds fy, eSaus igys ls nksrst+xkeh Å¡Vfu;ksa dk iz;kstu dj j[kk gSA muesa ls ,d dks vkiLohdkj djsaAß vcw cØ dh iq=h vlek us jkLrs ds fy, [kkus ihus dhpht+s rS;kj dha vkSj mls ,d FkSys esa j[kkA FkSys dk eqag can djus dsfy, le; ij dksbZ jLlh u feyh rks vlek us viuk iVdk [kksyk vkSjmlds nks VqdM+s dj ds ,d VqdM+s ls FkSys dk eqag cka/kk vkSj nwljs dksviuh dej esa yxk fy;kA blh dkj.ko”k bLykeh bfrgkl esa mudkuke t+krqu furkd+Su ¼nks iVdksa okyh½ iM+ x;kAmlds i”pkr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vius ppsjs HkkbZ vyh fcu vch


81iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourkfyc ls feysA mudks iwjh fLFkfr crkbZ vkSj ;g dgk fd vkt eSa ;gkals pyk tkÅ¡xk rqe ;g djks fd esjh pknj igu yks vkSj lkjs fnuesjs ?kj esa jgksA jkr dks esjs fcLrj ij lks tkukA bl mik; dk ,drkRi;Z ;g Fkk fd eDdk okys ;g le>sa fd vki ?kj ds Hkhrj ekStwngSaA mlds vfrfjDr vkids ikl eDdk okyksa dh vekursa ¼/kjksgj½ HkhFkha] vkius ;g lqfuf”pr fd;k fd vkids tkus ds ckn ;g vekursavyh fcu vch rkfyc muds ekfydksa dks ykSVk nsaA;k=k dh ;kstuk bl izdkj cukbZ xbZ fd va/ksjk gksrs gh gt+jreqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vkSj vcw cØ eDdk ls jokuk gks dj lkSj ukedigkM+ dh xqQk esa igq¡p tk,a vkSj dqN fnu ogka :dsaA D;ksa fd dqjS”kdks tc vki ds pys tkus dk lekpkj feysxk rks vo”; og rst+xkehÅ¡Vksa ij lokj gksdj eDdk dh pkjksa fn”kk esa nkSM+saxs rkfd vkidksidM+ ysaA bl dkj.k xqQk esa dqN fnu :d dj vki ml le; dhizrh{kk dj jgs Fks fd tc dqjS”k fujk”k gksdj gt+jr eqgEen dh [kkstcUn dj pqds gksaA ml le; nks lQsn Å¡Vfu;ka xqQk ds ikl igq¡pknh tk, vkSj vki nksuksa ml ij lokj gks dj rst+h ds lkFk ;fLjc dsfy, jokuk gks tk,aAiwoZ fu/kkZfjr ;kstuk ds vuqlkj] eDdk ds ljnkjksa us jkr dsfiNys igj vkids ?kj dks ?ksj fy;kA ?kj ds Hkhrj ?kql dj o/k djukvjc xfjek ds fo:) FkkA blfy, os lqcg rd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dhizrh{kk djrs jgs fd vki ckgj fudysa vkSj os yksx lkewfgd :i lsvkØe.k djds vkidk o/k dj MkysaA lqcg gqbZ rks ?kj ds vUnj ls ,dO;fDr fudyk fdUrq og eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ u Fks cfYd vkids ppk dscsVs vyh fcu vch rkfyc FksA tc ljnkjksa dks Kkr gqvk fd gt+jreqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ?kj ds Hkhrj ugha gSa rks os vkids lkFkh vcw cØ ds?kj igq¡psA ogk¡ vcw cØ dh iq=h vlek FkhaA iwN&rkN ds ckn Hkh tcdqN tkudkjh u feyh rks vlek dks ,d FkIiM+ ekjk vkSj cqjk Hkyk


82iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudgrs gq, pys x,AeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vkSj vcw cØ nksuksa eDdk ls iSny py dj rhuehy dh nwjh ij lkSj uked igkM+ dh xqQk esa Nqi dj cSB x,A vcwcØ ds yM+ds vCnqYykg ds lqiqnZ ;g dke Fkk fd og fnu Hkj eDdkesa jgsa vkSj ogk¡ ds yksxksa dh lkjh xfrfof/k;ksa dh lwpuk jkr dks vkdjxqQk esa igqapk nsaA vcw cØ ds nkl vkfej fcu QqgSjk fnu Hkj b/kj m/kj cdfj;ka pjkrs vkSj jkf= ds le; mudks gadkdj xqQk dh vksj ysvkrs vkSj nksuksa dks nw/k fiyk dj pys tkrsA vcw cØ dh iq=h [kkukidk dj jkr dks igqapk nsrhaAb/kj eDdk okyksa us vki dh [kkst esa nkSM+ Hkkx “kq# dj nhAeDdk esa ?kks’k.kk djk nh xbZ fd tks O;fDr eqgEen dks idM+ djyk,xk mldks lkS Å¡Vksa dk iqjLdkj fn;k tk,xkA dqjS”k ds dbZ yksxrst+xkeh Å¡Vksa ij nkSM+rs gq, lkSj xqQk ds fudV ls Hkh xqt+js ijUrqmlds Hkhrj u tk ldsA dgk tkrk gS fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds lkSjxqQk esa tkus ds ckn gcwr (land slide) dh ?kVuk gqbZ ftlds dkj.kxqQk dk eq[k cUn gks x;kA ckgj ls ns[kus okys dks lansg ugha gksrkFkk fd dksbZ balku bl esa ekStwn gSAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vkSj vcw cØ rhu fnu rd bl xqQk esa jgsmlds ckn fu/kkZfjr uD+”ks ds vuqlkj vCnqYykg fcu mjSfd+r nks lQsnÅ¡Vfu;k¡ ysdj lkSj xqQk ij vk x;kA og eqlyeku ugha FkkA mldksjsfxLrkuh jkLrksa dh cgqr xgjh tkudkjh Fkh vkSj vjc ds Hkwxksy lsHkh iwjh rjg ifjfpr FkkA vki us mlls esgurkus ij ekeyk r; fd;kFkk fd og vkidks eDdk ls enhuk vifjfpr ekxZ ls ys tk,A eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ vkSj vcw cØ Å¡Vfu;ksa ij lokj gksdj vkxs ds fy, jokukgq,A bl Hk; ls fd ihNk djus okys jkLrs esa idM+ u ysa lkekU; ekxZdks NksM+ dj leqnz ds fdukjs&fdukjs ;k=k “kq: dhA


83iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thounks balkuksa dk ;g d+kfQyk bl gky esa jokuk gqvk fd nksuksa dsiSjksa esa u rks twrs Fks u “kjhj ij iwjs diM+sA ekxZ esa ,d O;fDr feykmlus vcw cØ dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, iz”u fd;k rqe dkSu gks\ mUgksaus,d uke crk;kA blds ckn eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh vksj ladsr djrs gq,iz”u fd;k ;g nwljk dkSu gS\ mUgksaus mÙkj fn;k%^^,d vkneh tks gesa ekxZ fn[kkrk gSA**cuh eqnfyt leqnk; dk ljnkj lqjkd+k fcu tqv”qke vius f”kfojesa cSBk gqvk Fkk fd ,d O;fDr vk;k vkSj mlus dgk Þ,s lqjkd+k] eSausvkt nks Å¡V lokj ns[ks gSaA os lQ+sn Å¡Vksa ij lokj Fks vkSj leqnzds fdukjs&fdukjs tk jgs FksA esjk vuqeku gS fd muesa ls ,d O;fDreqgEen gSaAß lqjkd+k vius dqN yksaxksa ds lkFk ?kksM+s ij lokj gksdjcrk, gq, ekxZ ij py iM+k rkfd vkidks idM+ ys vkSj dqjS”k ls ,dlkS Å¡Vksa dk iqjLdkj ik ldsA lqjkd+k ?kksM+s ij lokj Fkk blfy, ogrst+h ls pydj vki ds fudV igq¡p x;kA fdUrq tSls gh og ,sM+ yxkdj gt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ij tk iM+uk pkgrk Fkk] mldk ?kksM+kBksdj [kkdj fxj iM+kA mlus rhjksa ls Qky fudkyh fd okj djukpkfg, fd ugha] mÙkj ugh esa vk;kA vc og ?kksM+s ls mrj iM+k] vkSjfourh djus yxkA mlus dgk ,slk yxrk gS fd vki gh lPpkbZ ij gSa]vki vo”; ,d fnu dqjS”k ij fot; izkIr djsaxsA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ usiwNk fd rqe D;k pkgrs gksA lqjkd+k us dgk eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd tc vkifot;h gks tk,a rks esjk vkSj esjs ifjokj dk o/k u djsaA vkius mldksj{kk i= fy[k dj ns fn;kAgt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ pyrs gq, 20 flracj 622 bZŒ dks ;fLjcds fudV d+qck uke dh cLrh esa igqap x,A ;g dqy 12 fnu dk lQjFkkA jchmy&vOoy dk eghuk vkSj iSx+Ecjh dk rsjgoka o’kZ FkkA blho’kZ ls bLykeh bfrgkl esa fgtjh dSysUMj vkjaHk gksrk gSA d+qck enhusds nf{k.k esa fLFkr gS vkSj gkSek dk Hkkx ekuk tkrk gSA


84iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouenhus esa izos'kd+qck enhus ls 3 ehy dh nwjh ij gSA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ loZizFke,d [ktwj ds ckx+ esa :dsA dq+ck ds LFkkuh; eqlyeku vkSj ;gwnh yskxvk&vkdj vkids ikl bdëk gksus yxsA ijUrq os eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ls ifjfpr ugha FksA D;ksafd vcw cØ vki ls vk;q esa rhu o’kZ cM+s Fks]blfy, mUgsa ;g “kadk gqbZ fd dgha yksx ;g le>us esa xyrh u djsafd iSx+Ecj dkSu gSA mUgksaus viuh pknj ftldks mUgksaus tqcSj fcuvy&vOoke ls yh Fkh] vki ds Åij Nk;k ds fy, QSyk nh tks mlle; ,d [ktwj ds isM+ ds uhps mldh v/kwjh Nk;k esa cSBs gq, FksA vcyksxksa us iSx+Ecj dks igpku fy;k] vkSj vjc ijEijk ds vuqlkj vkidk Lokxr djus ds fy, “kksj epkus yxsAmlds ckn cuh vez fcu vkSQ ds ljnkj dqylwe fcu vy gneus vius ?kj pyus dk vkxzg fd;kA gt+jr eqgEen us dgk ge fdlhdks d’V nsuk ugha pkgrsA dqylwe us dgk gekjs ?kj esa ,d dejk [kkyhgS] mlesa dksbZ ugha jgrk] vki vkSj vcw cØ py dj mlesa jgsaA gevkids Å¡Vksa dh j{kk djsaxs vkSj mudk isV HkjsaxsA vki muds ;gka pysx,A ijUrq “kh?kz gh enhuk ds eqlyeku vf/kd la[;k esa vki ls HksaVdjus ds fy, vkus yxsA vkSj oks dejk NksVk iM+us yxkA mlds cknlkn fcu [k+Slek us vius ?kj pyus dk fuosnu fd;k tks dkQ+h cM+kFkkA blfy, vki fnu dks ml ?kj esa jgus yxs ijUrq jkr dks lksus dsfy, dylwe ds ?kj vk tkrsAd+qck ig¡qpus ds rhljs fnu eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us ogk¡ efLtn cukusdk fu”p; fd;kA ;g bLyke dh izFke efLtn FkhA ,d eqlyekuus gt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks efLtn ds fy, t+ehu HksaV djuh pkghijUrq iSx+Ecj bLyke us ;g HksaV Lohdkj ugha dhA mldks ewY; nsdj


85iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou[k+jhnkA bl efLtn dks cukus esa lkjs eqlyekuksa us Hkkx fy;kA gt+jreqgEen Loa; Hkh vcwcØ ds lkFk feëh dk xkjk cukrs vkSj iRFkjksa dks


86iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoubcknr ds fy, ;gwfn;ksa ds fnu “kfuokj ¼Saturday½ dk p;u djsaxsAmlds ckn dqN ;gwnh fo}kuksa us gt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls HksaV dhvkSj dgk fd ;fn iSx+Ecj gksuk pkgrs gks rks lcls igys vkidks ;gwnhgksuk pkfg,A D;ksafd [k+qnk dsoy ;gwfn;ksa ds ek/;e ls gh ckr djrkgSA iSx+Ecj bLyke us dgk [kqnk dh n`f’V esa lc cjkcj gSaA oks ftldkspkgs iSx+Ecjh ds fy, fu;qDr djsAd+qck dk ;gqnh leqnk; bLyke dh vksj vkdf’kZr ugha gqvkAdsoy ,d ;gwnh us bLyke d+cwy fd;k ftldk uke lywe FkkA ;gogh O;fDr Fkk ftlus dq+ck dh vksj vkrs gq, gt+jr eqgEen dks lclsigys ns[kk Fkk vkSj d+ck okfl;ksa dks mldh lwpuk nh Fkh fd iSx+EcjbLyke ijokl djds ;gka igq¡p x, gSaAgt+jr eqgEen dh Å¡Vuh enhuk igqaph rks ;gka ds yksx igys lsvkids Lokxr ds fy, rS;kj FksA yksx vkidh Å¡Vuh dh vksj nkSM+rs]mldh udsy idM+rs vkSj vkils dgrs gekjs ?kj pfy,A vki us dgkesjh ÅaVuh dks NksM+ nks ;g eq>s Loa; gh ,sls LFkku ij ys tk,xh tgka[kqnk dh bPNk gSA ÅaVuh pyrh jgh ;gka rd fd ,d ,sls LFkku ijtkdj :d xbZ tgka dksbZ ?kj u FkkA vki us iz”u fd;k ;g t+ehufdl dh gSA vlvn fcu t+qjkjk us crk;k ;g t+ehu nks NksVs&NksVsvukFk cPPksa dh gS vkSj eSa mudh ns[k&js[k djrk g¡A bl t+ehu dksvki HksaV esa Lohdkj djsa vkSj bl ij ?kj vkSj efLtn cukbZ;sA vkius[k+jhnus dk vkxzg fd;kA vkids vkxzg ij vlvn fcu tq+jkjk us mldkewY; lkr nhukj crk;kA vkius dqN nhukj c


87iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thounhukj dks nhukj [kqljoka vkSj jkseh nhukj dks nhukj fgjdyh dgrs FksAvxys fnu gt+jr eqgEen us eqlyekuksa dh lgk;rk ls enhuk dhizFke efLtn dk fuekZ.k dk;Z vkjaHk fd;kA iSx+Ecj lfgr lkjs yksxxkjk cukrs] feëh rFkk iRFkj mBk dj ykrsA bl efLtn dh nhokjsaiRFkj dh FkhaA vksj Nr dks [ktwj ds iRrksa ls ij cks> iM+sxkA gt+jr eqgEen us dgk eSa ftrukHkh [kkÅa ij mldk nkf;Ro rqeij ugha Mky¡wxkA tc vcw v¸;wc usns[kk fd vki viuh ckr ij vfMx gSa rc mUgksaus Lohdkj dj fy;kAgt+jr eqgEen yxHkx lkr ekg vcw v¸;wc vUlkjh ds fuoklLFkku ij jgsA vcw v¸;wc dk ?kj nks ekys dk FkkA nhokjsa dPph FkhaAÅij FkksM+h gypy ls feëh uhps >M+rh FkhA bl dkj.k vcw v¸;wcus gt+jr eqgEen ds jgus ds fy, Åijh Hkkx dk p;u fd;kA ijUrqvkius vkus okyksa dh lqfo/kk ds dkj.k uhps dk Hkkx ilUn fd;kA vcwv¸;wc vUlkjh dk ifjokj Åijh Hkkx esa jgrk FkkA ,d fnu la;ksxo”kmuds ikuh dk eVdk VwV x;kA Nr lk/kkj.k Fkh] “kadk gqbZ fd ikuhVid dj uhps u fxj tk, vr% vki dks d’V gksA ?kj esa vks


88iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoux,] vki vius ifjokj lfgr mu gqtjksa esa tkdj jgus yxsAvcw v¸;wc vUlkjh ds ?kj ij Bgjus ds le; esa gt+jr eqgEenus t+Sn fcu gkfjlk vkSj vcw jkQs dks nks ÅaV vkSj ikap lkS njge nsdjeDdk Hkstk fd os vkids ?kj okyksa dks enhuk ys vk,saA vkidh pkjiqf=;ka Fkha] Qkfrek] mees dqylwe] :d+¸;k vkSj t+SucA :d+¸;k viusifr mleku ds lkFk enhuk vk pqdh FkhaA vkSj rhu yM+fd;ka eDdk esagh FkhaA ;g yksx Qkfrek] mEes dqylwe vkSj vki dh iRuh lkSnk fcUrt+evk] mlkek fcu tS+n vkSj mudh iRuh mEes v;eu dks ysdj vkx,A gt+jr eqgEen dh rhljh csVh t+Suc dks muds ifr vcwy vkl¼vcqy vkl us bLyke /keZ ugha viuk;k Fkk½ us vkus ugha fn;kA gt+jrvcwcØ ds yM+ds vcnqYYkkg viuh cgu vk;”kk vkSj nwljs ?kj okyksadks ysdj enhuk vk x,AeDdk NksM+ dj enhuk vkus okys yksxksa esa dqN yksx ,sls Fks ftudsikl jgus vkSj lksus dh txg ugha FkhA gt+jr eqgEen us ,sls yksxksads fy, efLtn ls feyk ,d pcwrjk cuok fn;kA mlds Åij [ktwjds iÙkksa vkSj Mkfy;ksa dk NIij ¼lqQk½ Myok fn;kA bl NIij esajgus okys bLykeh bfrgkl esa vlgkcs&lq+Q+k dgyk,] vFkkZr NIijokys yksxA lqQk cs?kj yksxksa ds fy, dsoy ?kj u Fkk cfYd bLykedh izFke ikB”kkyk Hkh Fkh tgka mudh f”k{kk dh O;oLFkk dh xbZ FkhAvcw gqjSjk Hkh mugh vlgkcs lq+Qk esa ls ,d FksA mudk dgukgS fd eSaus 70 vlgkcs lqQk dks bl voLFkk esa ns[kk gSA mu esa lsfdlh ds ikl yach pknj u Fkh] ;k rks dsoy rgen ¼/kksrh½ gksrk Fkk;k dsoy NksVh pknj ftldk ,d fdukjk os xnZu ls cka/k ysrs Fks vkSjnwljk gkFk ls idM+s jgrs rkfd lrj ¼xqIrkax½ [kqy u tk,A ;g pknjfdlh dh vk/kh Vkax rd igqaprh vkSj fdlh ds V[kus rdA ;g yksxfu/kZurk ds dkj.k d`f’k ;k O;kikj Hkh ugha dj ldrs FksA muesa ls dqN


89iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouyksx taxy dh vksj fudy tkrs vkSj ogka ls ydfM+;ka ykrsA mldkscsp dj og viuk vkSj vius lkfFk;ksa ds isV Hkjus dk lkeku tqVkrsAdHkh fdlh ekynkj eqlyeku ds ;gka [kkus dk vk;kstu gks tkrkA,d ckj gt+jr eqgEen us lqQk okyksa ls dgk%Þ,s vgys lq+Q+k] rqedks c/kkbZ gksA esjh mEer ¼esjs ekuus okyksa½esa ls tks dksbZ fu/kZurk ds le; rqEgkjh rjg vius thou esa /kS;Z vkSjd`rKrk (gratitude and patience) j[kus okyk gks] tUur esa og esjslkFk gksxkAßdgk tkrk gS fd lqQk esa vyx vyx le; ij tks yksx fofHkUule; esa Bgjs mudh la[;k dqy feykdj yxHkx 400 gSAgt+jr eqgEen us vius ppsjs HkkbZ vyh fcu vch rkfyc lseqok[kkr ¼cU/kqRo½ fd;kA vkius dgk ,s vyh ge nkuksa dh thfodkds fy, ,d fnu rqe dke djks vkSj ,d fnu eSa dke d:axkA vyhus dgk ,s [kqnk ds iSxEcj] efLtn esa vkidh mifLFkfr vko”;d gSrkfd vki efLtn dk izca/ku vkSj eqlyekuksa dh leL;kvksa dk lek/kku djsaA eSa vdsys nksuksa dh thfodk ds fy, dke dj y¡wxkA vkiusbl izLrko dks Lohdkj dj fy;kA vyh izfrfnu jkst+h dekus ds fy,fudy tkrsA ml le; enhuk ds ,d O;fDr ds ?kj dk fuekZ.k dk;Zpy jgk FkkA vyh mlds xkjs ds fy, ikuh


90iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouku&laifÙk vkSj vius ?kj dks NksM+ dj enhuk igqaps FksA vkius enhukds LFkkuh; eqlyekuksa ls dgk fd ,d vULkkjh ,d eqgkftj dks viukHkkbZ cuk ysA tc eDdk ds eqlyeku Loa; viuh O;oLFkk dj ysaxs rksvyx gks tk,axsA vUlkj us vkids izLrko dks lg’kZ Lohdkj fd;kAenhuk igqapus ds ikap ekl ckn eqok[kkr ¼cU/kqRo½ ds le>kSrs dkxBu fd;k x;kA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ leku :fp vkSj ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds,d eksgkftj vkSj ,d vUlkjh dks cqykrs vkSj dgrs fd rqe nksuksa HkkbZgksA mlds ckn ;g nksuksa bl izdkj HkkbZ&HkkbZ gks tkrs fd ?kj vkSjlaifÙk esa cjkcj ds “kjhd gksrs cfYd e`R;q ds mijkar Hkh thfor jgusokys HkkbZ dks vius HkkbZ dh fojklr dk fgLlk feyrkA bl izdkj186 eqgkftjksa us enhus ds eqlyekuksa ds lkFk eqok[k+kr dj fy;k vkSjmuds ?kjksa esa jgus yxsA eqok[k+kr le>kSrs ds ckn vUlkjh HkkbZ us viuht+ehu] ckx+ edku vkSj ?kj dh laiw.kZ laifÙk] gj ,d pht+ dk vk/kkHkkx vius HkkbZ dks is”k dj fn;kAlvn fcu jchv ,d ekynkj vulkjh FksA vcnqjZgeku fcu vkSQmuds HkkbZ cusA og vcnqjZgeku fcu vkSQ dks vius ?kj ys x, vkSjviuh lkjh /ku&laifÙk muds lkeus ykdj j[k nh vkSj dgk buesa lsvk/kk ys yksA ;g Hkh dgk esjh nks ifRu;ka gSa] muesa ls ,d dks ilUndj yhft,A eSa mldks rykd+ ns n¡wxk] vki mlls fudkg ¼fookg½dj yhft,A vcnqjZgeku fcu vkSQ us dgk rqe rks eq>s dsoy ckt+kjdk ekxZ crk nksA og cuh d+Suqd+kv ds ckt+kj esa x,] ?kh vkSj iuhjdk O;kikj vkjaHk fd;kA muds O;kikj esa bruh vf/kd o`/kh gqbZ fdmudh O;kikfjd lkexzh 700 Å¡Vksa ij yndj vkrh FkhA ,d fnu oggt+jr eqgEen ds ikl vk, rks diM+ksa ls lqxU/k vk jgh FkhA vki usiz”u fd;k rks crk;k fd ,d vUlkjh efgyk ls fookg dj fy;k gSAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us mudks oyhek ¼fookg Hkkst½ dk vkns”k fn;kA ckn


91iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudks eqok[k+kr laca/kh le>kSrs dh vko”;Drk ugha jgh FkhA eqgkftjhuus enhuk esa viuh vkfFkZd fLFkfr vPNh dj yh FkhA vkSj ;gwfn;ksa dhNksM+h gqbZ laifÙk esa mudks fgLlk feyk FkkAefLtn dk fuekZ.kgt+jr eqgEen fgtjr djds enhuk igqaps rks loZizFke vki d+qckesa BgjsA d+qck enhus ls rhu ehy dh nwjh ij ,d {ks= FkkA bl {ks= esalc ls izeq[k ifjokj mej fcu vkSQ dk FkkA bl ifjokj ds eqf[k;kdk uke dqylwe fcu gne FkkA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ d+ck esa dqylwe fcugne ds fuokl LFkku ij BgjsAvki us d+ck igqap dj loZizFke ,d efLtn dh uho j[khA igykiRFkj vki Loa; vius gkFk ls mBk dj yk, vkSj ogka j[kk] mldsckn nwljs lgkck (companions of the Prophet) us iRFkj ykuk vkjaHkfd;kA vkSj bl izdkj efLtn dk fuekZ.k dk;Z vkjaHk gks x;kA ;ghog efLtn gS ftlds laca/k esa dqjvku esa dgk x;k gS fd ftldh uhoizkjaHk ls gh /keZijk;.rk ij j[kh xbZ gks vo”; gh og bl ;ksX; gS fdrqe mlesa [kM+s gksA bl efLtn esa ,sls balku gS tks ifo=rk dks ilUndjrs gSa vkSj vYykg Hkh ifo=rk dks ilUn djrk gS ¼vy&rkSck% 108½Aenhus ds eqlyekuksa us tc vkids vkus dk lekpkj lquk rks og;gka vkdj vkils HksaV djus yxsA “kqØokj dks vkius ;gka ls izLFkkufd;kA “kqØokj dh uekt+ vkius cuw lkfye fcu vkSQ+ dh efLtn esai


92iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkSj lqgSy gSA ml le; ;g Hkwfe ejcn ¼[ky;ku½ ds :i esa iz;ksxgksrh FkhA vkius dgk ;fn ;g Hkwfe rqe gesa csp nks rks ge ;gk¡ efLtndk fuekZ.k djsaxsAckydksa us dgk ;g Hkqfe ge fcuk fdlh ewY; ds vkidks nsrs gSaAvYYkkg bldk tks ewY; gesa ns oks gekjs fy, i;kZIr gksxkA fdUrq gt+jreqgEen us muds bl vkxzg dks vLohdkj dj fn;kA dgk tkrk gSfd gt+jr vcw cØ us gt+jr eqgEen dh vksj ls mudks bl ewY; dkHkqxrku fd;kA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us /kjrh dks lery djus dk vkns”kfn;kA tc /kjrh lkQ vkSj cjkcj gks xbZ rc efLtn dh uho [kksnhxbZA bl dk;Z esa vU; eqlyekuksa ds lkFk vki us Hkh Hkkx fy;kA tcefLtn dh nhokj cuus yxh rks vki Loa; Hkh bZaVsa mBk dj ykrs vkSjfuekZ.k dk;Z esa viuk ;ksxnku nsrsA vkidks dk;Z esa O;Lr ns[k djeqlyekuksa us dqN iafDr;ka dgha ftudk vFkZ ;g gS%;fn ge cSB tk,a tcfd uch dk;Zjr gS]rks gekjk ,slk djuk cgqr cqjk gksxkA,d lgkch dk uke ryd+ fcu vyh FkkA og dgrs gSa fd eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ us esjs lqiqnZ ;g dke fd;k fd eSa eëh esa ikuh Mky djxkjk cukÅaA eSa QkoM+k ysdj xkjk cukus ds dk;Z esa yx x;kA mUgksauscrk;k fd ,d volj ij eSaus dgk fd ,s [kqnk ds jlwy D;k eSa Hkh bZaVsamBk dj ykus dk dk;Z d:a] vkius dgk ugha] rqe xkjk cukvks bldk;Z dks rqe Hkyh Hkkafr tkurs gksAenhus dh ;g efLtn tks gt+jr eqgEen vkSj vkids lkfFk;ksa uscukbZ Fkh iw.kZr;k lk/kkj.k FkhA blesa dPph bZaVksa dh nhokjsa FkhaA vkSj LraHk[ktwj ds ruksa ls cuk, x, FksA vkSj Nr [ktwj ds iÙkksa vkSj “kk[kkvksadh FkhA ckn esa Nr dks xkjs ls ySi fn;k x;k FkkA ;g efLtn izkjaHkesa yx&Hkx ,d lkS xt+ yach vkSj ,d lkS xt+ pkSM+h FkhA blesa izos”k


93iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou}kj rhu cuk, x, FksAcrk;k tkrk gS fd bl efLtn dk fuekZ.k eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us nksckj fd;kA izFke ckj] tc vki eDdk ls fgtjr djds enhuk vk,AvkSj nwljh ckj [kS+cj dh fot; ds i”pkr] fgtjr ds lkrosa o’kZA bldsiqufuZekZ.k dh vko”;Drk blfy, iM+h fd iqjkuh gksus ds dkj.k ogVwV&QwV xbZ FkhA bl volj ij efLtn esa foLrkj Hkh fd;k x;k FkkAefLtn ds iqufuZekZ.k dh ,d ?kVuk ;g gS fd eqlyeku bZaVsamBk&mBk dj yk jgs Fks] lkFk esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ Hkh bZaVsa mBk dj ykjgs FksA gt+jr vcw gqjSjk dgrs gSa ,d ckj esjk vkSj vkidk lkeuk gksx;kA eSaus ns[kk fd vki dbZ bZaVsa mBk, gq, gSa vkSj viuh Nkrh ls bZaVksadks lgkjk ns j[kk gSA eSaus vuqeku yxk;k fd dnkfpr vf/kd ot+uds dkj.k vki ,slk fd, gq, gSaA eSaus dgk ,s [kqnk ds jlwy bu bZaVksa dkseq>s ns nhft,A vki us dgk ,s vcw gqjSjk rqe nwljh bZaVsa ys yks D;ksafdokLrfod thou rsk dsoy vkf[kjr ¼ejus ds ckn½ dk gSAeqok[k+kr ¼cU/kqRo½eDdk ls fgtjr dj ds tks eqlyeku enhuk igqaps ogka mudhfLFkfr u, uxj esa “kj.kkFkhZ dh FkhA muds fuokl ds fy, eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ us eqok[k+krk dh O;oLFkk dhA bCus blgkd+ dgrs gSa fd vkiusdgk] nks&nks O;fDr vYYkkg ds ekxZ esa HkkbZ&HkkbZ cu tkvksA mldsckn vkius gt+jr vyh fcu vch rkfyc dk gkFk vius gkFk esa ysdjdgk ;g esjk HkkbZ gSAbl izdkj “kj.kkFkhZ eqlyeku enhus esa vtuch ¼ckgjh O;fDr½ugha jgsA eqgkftj vkSj vuqlkj nksuksa HkkbZ&HkkbZ cu dj ,d nwljsds lgk;d cu x,A ;g HkkbZpkjk bruk laiw.kZ Fkk fd nksuksa dks ,dnwljs dh fojklr feyus yxh] ftl izdkj ,d HkkbZ dks nwljs HkkbZ dh


94iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufeyrh gSAeqgktjhu dh fLFkfr yqVs gq, d+kfQ+ys dh FkhA blfy, bl eqok[kkrds vuqlkj vUlkj dh fLFkfr nsus okys (giver group) dh FkhA vkSjeqgkftj dh fLFkfr ikus okys dh (taker group) dh FkhA ijUrq vUlkjus iwjh fu’Bk vkSj leiZ.k ds lkFk bls Lohdkj fd;kA vulkj enhukds LFkkuh; yksx Fks] blfy, muds ikl ?kj] /ku&laifÙk] Hkwfe rFkkckx+kr FksA iR;sZd vUlkjh us viuh lkjh /ku&laifÙk dk vk/kk Hkkxvius ikl j[kk vkSj “ks’k vk/kk vius eqgkftj HkkbZ dks ns fn;kA gt+jrvul dgrs gSa fd dksbZ vUlkjh viuh /ku&laifÙk esa vius eqgkftjHkkbZ ls vf/kd vius vki dks mldk ;ksX; ugha le>rk FkkAvUlkj ds bl vlk/kkj.k R;kx dks ns[k dj dqN eqgkftjhu useqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls dgk fd ,s [kqnk ds jlwy ftl d+kSe ¼oxZ½ ds iklge vk,] dfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa muls vf/kd gennhZ djus okyk geusugha ik;kA vkSj muls vf/kd mnkjrk ls [kpZ djus okyk ugha ik;kAgesa vk”kadk gS fd lkjk iq.; dsoy budks fey tk, vkSj ge oafprjg tk,aA vkius dgk ugha] tcrd rqe mudh iz”kalk djrs jgks vkSjmuds fy, izkFkZuk djrs jgksAizkjaHk esa eqok[kkr esa fojklr dk gd+ Hkh lfEefyr Fkk izUrq ckn esafojklr dk vf/kdkj jn~ dj fn;k x;kA fojklr dks ikfjokfjd laca/kksa ds lkFk fo”ks’kr% jgus fn;k x;kAijUrq blds vfrfjDr “ks’k lkjs ekeyksa esa lkjs eqlyeku HkkbZ HkkbZcu dj jgus yxsA ftuds chp eqok[+kkr le>kSrk gqvk muesa ls dqNuke fuEufyf[kr gSa%eqgkftjvulkjh1- vcw cØ fcu vch d+gkQk ¼jft+Œ½ [kkfjtk fcu t+Sn ¼jft+Œ½2- mej fcu vy&[k+Ùkkc ¼jft+Œ½ mrcku fcu ekfyd ¼jft+Œ½


95iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou3- vcw mcSnk fcu vy&tjkZg ¼jft+Œ½ lkn fcu eqvkt+ ¼jft+Œ½4- vcnqjZgeku fcu vkSQ+ ¼jft+Œ½ lkn fcu jch ¼jft+Œ½5- tqcSj fcu vOoke ¼jft+Œ½ lyek fcu lykek ¼jft+Œ½6- mleku cu vQQku ¼jft+Œ½ vkSl fcu lkfcr ¼jft+Œ½7- rygk fcu mcSnqYykg ¼jft+Œ½ dkc fcu ekfyd ¼jft+Œ½8- lbZn fcu t+Sn fcu vez ¼jft+Œ½ mcS; fcu dkc ¼jft+Œ½9- eqlvc fcu meSj ¼jft+Œ½ vcw v¸;wc [kkfyn fcu t+Sn ¼jft+Œ½10- vcw gqt+SQk fcu mRck ¼jft+Œ½ vCckn fcu fc”j ¼jft+Œ½11- vEekj fcu ;kflj ¼jft+Œ½ gqt+SQk fcu vy;eku ¼jft+Œ½12- vcw t+j fx+Q+kjh ¼jft+Œ½ eqfUt+j fcu vez ¼jft+Œ½13- lyeku vy Qkjlh ¼jft+Œ½ vcw njnk meSj fcu lkyck ¼jft+Œ½14- fcyky gC”kh ¼jft+Œ½ vcw #oSgk vcnqYykg fcuvcnqjZgeku ¼jft+Œ½15- gkfrc fcu vch cyrvk ¼jft+Œ½ moSe fcu lkbnk ¼jft+Œ½16- vcw ejln ¼jft+Œ½ vkscknk fcu lkfcr ¼jft+Œ½17- vCnqYykg fcu tg”k ¼jft+Œ½ vkfle fcu lkfcr ¼jft+Œ½18- mrck fcu x+toku ¼jft+Œ½ vcw nqtkuk ¼jft+Œ½19- vcw lyek fcu vCnqy vln ¼jft+Œ½ lkn fcu [k+Slek ¼jft+Œ½20- mleku fcu et+Åu ¼jft+Œ½ vcqy gSle fcu rhgku ¼jft+Œ½21- mcSnk fcu vy&gkfjl ¼jft+Œ½ meSj fcu vy&gqeke ¼jft+Œ½22- lQ+oku fcu cSt+k ¼jft+Œ½ 'kQs fcu eksvYyk ¼jft+Œ½23- twf””kekySu ¼jft+Œ½ ;t+hn fcu vy&gkfjl ¼jft+Œ½24- vjd+e fcu vy vjd+e ¼jft+Œ½ rygk fcu tS+n ¼jft+Œ½25- tS+n fcu vy&[k+Ùkkc evu fcu vnh ¼jft+Œ½gt+jr vcw gqjSjk dgrs gSa fd vUlkj us eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls dgkfd enhus esa gekjs tks [ktwj ds ckx+kr gSa mudks gekjs vkSj gekjs HkkbZ;ksa


96iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouds chp ck¡V nhft,A vki us dgk ugha] eqgkftjksa dks d`f’k vkSj ckx+ckuhdk vuqHko ugha gSA fQj D;k rqe ,slk djksxs fd ckx+ esa rqe gekjhvksj ls ifjJe djks vkSj vk; esa ge rqEgkjs fgLlsnkj gksaA vUlkj usdgk geus lquk vkSj ekukAgt+jr tkfcj crkrs gSa fd vUlkj dk rjhd+k ;g Fkk fd tcog [ktwj dh iSnkokj dk cVokjk djrs rks gj ,d vUlkjh muds nksHkkx bl izdkj djrs fd mldk ,d Hkkx de gksrk vkSj nwljk Hkkxmlls vf/kdA fQj de okys Hkkx ds lkFk [ktwj dh “kk[kksa dks feyknsrsa mlds ckn os eqlyekuksa ls dgrs nksuksa esa ls tks Hkkx ysuk pkgksys yksA eqgkftj vf/kd iSnkokj okys Hkkx dks ys ysrs vkSj vUlkjh mlHkkx dks ys ysrs ftlesa Qy dh ek=k de gksrhA,slk [k+Scj dh fot; rd pyrk jgk] tc [kScj ds Ns= ij fot;izkIr gks xbZ rks eqlyekuksa dks [k+Scj ds ckx+kr feysA ml le; eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ us vUlkj ls dgk fd rqEgkjs Åij gekjk tks gd+ Fkk og rqeusiwjk&iwjk vnk dj fn;kA vc ;fn rqe pkgks rks rqEgkjh larqf’V ds fy,[kScj esa ls rqEgkjk fgLlk rqedks fn;k tk,A vUlkj us dgk ,s [k+qnk dsjlwy gekjh Hkh vkids Åij ,d “krZ Fkh og ;g fd gekjs fy, tUurgksA vki us tks dgk og geus dj fn;k] rks vc gekjh “krZ Hkh gedksfeysA gt+jr eqgEen us dgk gk¡ oks rqEgkjs fy, gSAcrk;k tkrk gS fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us cU/kqRo dk rjhd+k nks ckjviuk;kA igyh ckj eDdk esa] nwljh ckj enhuk esaA eDdk esa tks yksxbLyke yk, Fks] muesa ls dbZ yksx bLyke viuk ysus ds dkj.k viusifjokjtu ls dV x, Fks] vko”;Drk gqbZ fd mudk dksbZ izca/k fd;ktk,A blfy, vkius ,sls yksxksa dk eqok[k+kr ,sls yksxksa ls dj fn;kftudk ifjokj vkfFkZd :i ls laiUu FkkAigyh eqok[k+kr eqgktsjhu vkSj eqgktsjhu ds chp FkhA vCnqYYkkg


97iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufcu vCckl crkrs gSa fd eDdk esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us tqcSj fcu vyvOoke vkSj vCnqYykg fcu elÅn ds chp eqok[k+kr djok;k FkkA blhizdkj t+Sn fcu gkfjlk dh eqok[k+kr geT+kk fcu vCnqy eqÙkfyc vkSjeqlvc fcu meSj dh eqok[+kkr lkn fcu vch oD+d+kl ds lkFk bR;kfnAeqok[+kkr dh O;oLFkk nwljh ckj fgtjr ds ckn enhus esa viukbZxbZ FkhA ;g eqok[k+kr eqgktjhu vkSj vUlkj ds chp djk;h x;h FkhAenhus dh fLFkfr ml le; ,d NksVs uxj dh FkhA tc ogka eqgktsjhuvk, rks muds vkus ls fuokl dh ,d cM+h leL;k [kM+h gks xbZA rcvkius eqok[k+kr }kjk bl leL;k dk lek/kku fd;kAbl eqok[k+kr us dsoy dqN yksxksa ds vkokl dh leL;k dk lek/kku gh ugha fd;k] cfYd bl ckr dk O;ogkfjd izn”kZu Hkh fd;k fdbLyke esa laca/kksa dk vk/kkj /keZ gSA vkSj ckd+h lkjs laca/k blls vfrfjDrgSaA NksVk vkSj cM+k] /kuoku vkSj fu/kZu] ?kj okyk vkSj cs?kj lc vYykgdh n`f’V esa ,d leku gSaA lkjs lekftd vkSj vkfFkZd erHksnksa dks feVkdj /keZ ds ekxZ ij ,d gks tkuk pkfg,Aenhus dk le>kSrkenhus esa vjc dh nks tkfr;ka (tribes) vkSl vkSj [k+t+jt vkcknFkhaa] mlh ds lkFk ogka dqN ;gwnh ifjokj Hkh cls gq, FksA ;g yksxvYila[;d FksA ijUrq ;g yksx vjcksa dh rqyuk esa foKku esa vkxs FksAblh ds lkFk os O;kikj Hkh djrs FksA blh lcc ls ;gwfn;ksa dh vkfFkZdfLFkfr vjcksa ls csgrj FkhA;gwfn;ksa esa ,sls yksx FkksM+s Fks tks eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh iSx+Ecjh dksigpku dj vki ij bZeku yk,A muds vf/kdka”k yksx gt+jr eqgEenvkSj gt+jr eqgEen ds /keZ ds “k=q cu x,A mudk fopkj ;g Fkkfd iSx+Ecj dsoy cuh bljkbZy ds oa”k esa iSnk gks ldrk gSA eqgEen


98iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou¼lYyŒ½ cuh blekbZy ds oa”k ls FksA bl dkj.k oks eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½dh iSx+Ecjh dk fo”okl u dj ldsA gt+jr eqgEen us iz;kl fd;kfd ;fn og bZeku u yk,a rks de ls de eqlyekuksa dks muls gkfuu igqaps] bl mís”; dks lkeus j[kdj gt+jr eqgEen us ;gwfn;ksa ls,d laf/k dh ftldks lghQk&,&enhuk (Madina Pact) dgk tkrkgSA enhuk ds ;gwfn;ksa ls ;g laf/k fgtjr ds ikap eghus ckn dh xbZA;g laf/k /keZ] laifr vkSj vkilh leL;kvksa ls lacaf/kr FkhA laf{kIr esa;gka] bldh ud+y nh tkjgh gS%“kq: djrk gw¡ vYykg ds uke ls tks cM+k esgjcku usgk;r jgeokyk gSA;g fyf[kr le>kSrk gS eqgEen uch&,&mEeh dh vksj ls dqjS”kvkSj ;fLjc ds eqlyekuksa vkSj ;gwn ds chp tks muds vkns”kksa dk ikyudjuk pkgsa ;k muls tqM+uk pkgsaA izR;sd leqnk; vius /keZ ij jgdjbu vkns”kksa ds fy, ck/; gksxkA1- d+slkl vkSj [k+wacgk ds tks rjhd+s izkphu dky ls pys vkjgs gSaog U;k; vkSj fu’i{krk ds lkFk viuh txg cus jgsaxsA2- izR;sd leqnk; dks U;k; vkSj fu’i{krk ds lkFk vius oxZ dkfQn;k ¼oks /kujkf'k tks fdlh cUnh dks eqDr djkus ds fy, nhtk,½ nsuk gksxkA vFkkZr ftl oxZ dk dSnh gksxk ml dS+nh dksNqM+kus ds fy, /ku jkf”k nsuk mlh oxZ dk mÙkjnkf;Ro gksxkA3- vijk/k] vR;kpkj vkSj fonzksg ds ekeys esa lc dh ,d lgefrgksxh bl lanHkZ esa dksbZ i{kikr ugha gksxk og pkgs fdlh dkcsVk gh D;ksa u gksA4- dksbZ eqlyeku fdlh eqlyeku dks fdlh x+Sj&eqfLye dseqd+kcys ij gR;k ugha dj ldrk vkSj u gh fdlh eqlyeku ds


99iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqd+kcys ij fdlh x+Sj&eqfLye dh lgk;r dh vuqefr gksxhA5- tks ;gwnh eqlyekuksa ds v/khu gksaxs mudh lqj{kk dk nkf;Roeqlyekuksa ij gksxk] mu ij u fdlh izdkj dk vR;kpkj gksxkvkSj u muds fo:) muds “k=q dh dksbZ lgk;rk dh tk,xhA6- fdlh x+Sj&eqfLye ;k ewfrZiwtd dks ;g vf/kdkj ugha gksxkfd og eqlyekuksa ds fo:) dqjS”k ds fdlh O;fDr dks “kj.kns ;k dqjS”k vkSj eqlyekuksa ds chp vk,A7- ;q) ds le; ;gwn dks viuh tku vkSj eky ls eqlyekuksa dklkFk nsuk gksxkA eqlyekuksa ds fo:) fdlh dh lgk;rk djusdh vkKk ugha gksxhA8- vYYkkg ds jlwy dk dksbZ “k=q ;fn enhus ij vkØe.k djsrks vYykg ds jlwy dh lgk;rk ;gwn ij vfuok;Z gksxhA tksleqnk; bl laf/k vkSj “kiFk esa “kkfey gSa] mu esa ls dksbZ leqnk;bl laf/k vkSj “kiFk ls vyx gksuk pkgs rks eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½dh vkKk ds fcuk mldks ,slk djus dk vf/kdkj u gksxkA10- fdlh minzoh dh lgk;rk ;k mldks vius ikl fBdkuk nsusdh vuqefr ugha gksxh] ;fn dksbZ O;fDr fdlh ubZ ckr fudkyusokys dh lgk;rk djs rks ml ij vYykg dh ykur vkSj x+t+c¼[k+qnk ds Øks/k vkSj vfHk'kki½ gSA D+;ker rd mlds fdlh dk;Zdks Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk,xkA11- eqlyeku ;fn fdlh ls le>kSrk djuk pkgsa rks ;gwfn;ksa dksHkh ml le>kSrs esa “kkfey gksuk vfuok;Z gksxkA12- tks fdlh eqlyeku dk o/k djs vkSj xokgh ekStwn gks rks ml ls[kwu dk cnyk fy;k tk,xkA ;k ;g fd tks of/kr gS ml ds ifjokjokys ns;r ¼[k+wu ds cnys dh /ku jkf”k½ ij jkt+h gks tk,saA13- tc Hkh fdlh ekeys esa erHksn iSnk gks tk, rks vYykg vkSj


100iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumlds jlwy dh vksj ykSVuk gksxkAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us ftu lenk;ksa ls le>kSrk fd;k Fkk] muesa;gwn ds rhu cM+s ifjokj “kkfey FksA ;g ifjokj enhuk vkSj enhukds fudVorhZ {ks=ksa esa cls gq, Fks] muds uke gSa cuw dqjSt+k] cuw ut+hj]cuw d+Suqd+kvAckn esa rhuksa d+chyksa us le>kSrs ds fu;eksa dks rksM+k] laf/k ds fo:)‘kM;a= jps] vkSj eqlyeku ds “k=qksa dk lkFk fn;kA blfy, O;ogkfjd:i ls ;g laf/k tYn gh lekIr gks xbZAeqgkftjhu ds nLrseqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us enhuk igqapus ds ckn tks dk;Z fd,] mlesa,d ;g Fkk fd vki us NksVs&NksVs nLrs cuk dj eDdk ds ekxkZsa ijHkstuh “kq: dhA bu VqdfM+;ksa esa dsoy eqgkftj eqlyeku gksrs FksA bunLrksa ds Hkstus dk mís”; ;g gksrk Fkk fd eDdk okyksa dh xfrfo/k;ksads ckjs esa tkudkjh izkIr djsaA D;ksafd fgtjr ds ckn muds enhus ijvkØe.k djus dk Hk; FkkAnwljk mís”; dqjS”k ds d+kfQ+yksa dks jksduk Fkk] vkSj mudk mRlkgrksM+uk Fkk] nwljs vFkksZa esa muij /kkd tekuh Fkh vkSj bLykeh “kfDr dkizn”kZu djuk Fkk rkfd os enhus ds fo:) taxh dk;Zokgh ls vyx jgsaAfgtjr ds yxHkx lkr eghus ckn gt+jr eqgEen us ,d VqdM+hgt+jr get+k dh v/;{krk esa HksthA bl esa rhl eqgkftj FksA ;g yksxlSQqy cg~j dh vksj Hksts x, Fks] rkfd d+qjS”k ds mu rhu lkS lokjksadk ihNk djsa tks vcw tgy ds us=Ro esa “kke ls eDdk ykSV jgk FkkAlSQqy cg~j ¼leqnz rV½ ij nksuksa dk vkeuk lkeuk gqvkA ijUrq yM+kbZugha gqbZ gt+jr get+k fcuk fdlh eqMHksM+ ds ykSV vk,Amlds ckn “kOoky 1 fgtjh esa 60 eqgkftjksa dh ,d VqdM+h jkcsx+


101iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudh vksj Hksth xbZ] mlds ljnkj vCng fcu vy&gkfjl FksA jkcsx+ ijdqjS”k ds nks lkS lokjksa ls eqMHksM+ gqbZA ijUrq yM+kbZ dh fLFkfr mRiuugha gqbZA eqlyeku viuh ekStwnxh dk izn”kZu djds ykSV vk,At+hdknk ,d fgtjh esa chl eqgkftjksa dk ,d nLrk [k+jkZj dhvksj Hksth xbZ] mldk usr`Ro lkn fcu vch oD+d+kl dj jgs FksA ;gyksx jkr dks pyrs vkSj fnu dks fNi tkrs bl izdkj pyrs gq, tcos [k+jkZj igqps rks irk pyk fd d+qjS”k dk d+kfQ+yk vkxs tk pqdk gSA[k+jkZj ls ;g yksx enhuk okil ykSV vk,Anks lQj esa 60 eqgkftjksa dh ,d VqdM+h jokuk gqbZA mlds lkFkeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ “kkfey FksA vki us enhus esa vius LFkku ij lkn fcumckng vUlkjh dks fu;qDr fd;k vkSj pyrs gq, vcok uked LFkkurd igq¡p x,A ogka igq¡p dj irk pyk fd dqjS”k dk d+kfQyk vkxstk pqdk gSA ;gk¡ gt+jr eqgEen us cuw t+ejk oxZ ds ljnkj e[+k”khfcu vez ls laf/k dh] ftldh “krZsa ;g Fkha fd os yksx u rks eqlyekuksals ;q) djsaxs vkSj uk gh eqlyekuksa ds fo:) fdlh “k=q dh lgk;rkdjsaxsA ogka ls 15 fnu ckn vki fcuk fdlh eqMHksM+ ds enhuk ykSV vk,AjchmLlkuh nks fgtjh esa dqjS'k dk ,d O;ikfjd d+kfQ+yk eDdktk jgk FkkA gt+jr eqgEen us enhus esa vius LFkku ij lk,c fcumLeku fcu et+Åu dks fu;qDr fd;k vkSj Loa; 200 eqlyekuksa dksysdj dqjS”k ds d+kfQ+ys dh vksj jokuk gq,A d+qjS”k ds bl d+kfQys esa100 vkneh vkSj yxHkx 2500 Å¡V FksA mUgksaus viuk ljnkj meS;k fcu[k+yQ+ dks cuk;k FkkA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ pyrs gq, cokr uked LFkkurd igq¡ps Fks fd lekpkj feyk fd d+qjS”k dk d+kfQyk vkxs tk pqdkgSA blfy, eqMHksM+ dh fLFkfr ugha cuh] vki “kkafriwoZd okil vk x,Agt+jr eqgEen us tekfny Åyk 2 fgtjh esa 200 eqgkftjksa dh,d VqdM+h cukbZ vkSj mudks ysdj v”khjk dh vksj jokuk gq,] tgka


102iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouls dqjS”k dk d+kfQ+yk xqt+jus okyk FkkA vkius vcw lyek fcu vCnqyvln dks enhuk dk vf/kifr fu;qDr fd;kA bl ;k=k esa dsoy 30 Å¡VFks vkSj eqlyeku ckjh ckjh muij lokj gksrs FksA ogka igqap dj irkpyk fd d+kfQ+yk vkxs tk pqdk gSA ;gka vki us d+chyk cuw eqnytls le>kSrk fd;kA la{ksi esa le>kSrk ;g Fkk fd ;q) dh fLFkfr esaeqlyeku cuw eqnyt dh lgk;rk djsaxs] vkSj cuw eqnyt eqlyekuksadk lkFk nsaxsA mlds ckn vki enhuk ykSV vk,Abl ;k=k ds nl fnu ckn ;g ?kVuk ?kVh fd dqt+Z fcu tkfcjvy Qsgjh us enhus dh pjkxkg ij jkr ds le; Nkik ekjk vkSj cgqrls ÅaV vkSj cdfj;ka ysdj Hkkx x;kA bl ?kVuk dh tkudkjh feyrsgh gt+jr eqgEen us rqjUr mldk ihNk fd;k vkSj vius lkfFk;ksa dslkFk lQoku rd mlds ihNs x, ijUrq og ogka ls fudy pqdk FkkAbl fy, gt+jr eqgEen lQoku ls enhuk okil ykSV vk,A lwpuk nsjls feyus ds dkj.k dqtZ+ ds fo:) le; ij dk;ZokbZ u dh tk ldhAjtc 2 fgtjh esa gt+jr eqgEen us eqgkftjhu dh ,d VqdM+hu[k+yk dh vksj HksthA ,d lgkch dgrs gSa fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ usgedks ,d lkfj, esa Hkstus dk fu”p; fd;k vkSj dgk rqEgkjs ÅijeSa ,d ,sls O;fDr dks vehj ¼ljnkj½ cukÅ¡xk tks rqeesa lcls vf/kdHkw[k vkSj I;kl lgu djus okyk gksA vxys fnu vkius vCnqYykg fcutg”k dks bl VqdM+h dk ljnkj cuk;kAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us vCnqYykg fcu tg”k dks ,d cUn i= fn;kvkSj dgk rqe yksx u[k+yk dh vksj nks fnu rd pyrs jgks] tc nksfnu gks tk, rks i= [kksy dj ns[kuk] mUgksaus ,slk gh fd;kA nks fnuds mijkar tc vCnqYykg fcu tg”k us i= [kksyk rks mlesa fy[kFkk fd tc rqe esjs bl i= dks ns[kks rks pyrs jgks] ;gka rd fd rqeeDdk vkSj rk;Q ds chp u[k+yk ds LFkku rd igq¡p tkvks ogka igq¡pdj Bgj tkukA ogka ls dqjS”k dh xfrfof/k;ksa ij ut+j j[kks] vkSj gesa


103iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumu ls lwfpr djksAvCnqYykg fcu tg”k us bl i= dks ixM+k euk gksrk gS½ esa blfy, ugha Hkstk Fkkfd rqe gR;k djksA vFkkZr rqedks d+qjS”k ds {ks= esa Hkstus dk rkR;i;Z;g Fkk fd rqe mudh xfrfof/k;ksa ls gesa lwfpr djks u fd dqjS”k ls;q) NsM+ nksAblds vfrfjDr lfj;ksa dk ,d mís”; izpkj gksrk FkkA ckn esaeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us vf/kdka”k VqdfM+;ka dsoy izpkj ds mís”; ls HksthaAvCnqYykg fcu mej dgrs gSa fd gt+jr eqgEen us vCnqYYkkgfcu vkSQ dks cqyk;k vkSj dgk fd ;k=k dh rS;kjh djksA mlds cknvCnqYykg fcu vkSQ vius lkfFk;ksa ds lkFk jokuk gks x,A og “kkevkSj enhuk ds chp nkSerqy tUny igqapsA mu yksxksa dks rhu fnu rdbLyke dk lans”k nsrs jgs] rhljs fnu vy&vLcx+ fcu vez vy&dychus bLyke d+cwy dj fy;kA og uljkuh Fks vkSj vius leqnk;k dslkjnkj FksA


104iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvycjk dgrs gSa fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us [k+kfyn fcu oyhn dks;eu ds yksxksa dh vksj Hkstk rkfd ogka bLyke dk izpkj djsaA os yksx6 eghus rd muds chp jgs] izUrq muesa ls fdlh us Hkh bLyke ughaviuk;kA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks lwpuk feyh rks vki us muds uke ,di= Hkstk] tc mudks vkidk i= i


105iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouigqapus ds i”pkr eqlyekuksa dh VqdfM+;ka fofHké LFkkuksa ij Hkstuh “kq#dhaA ftudks ljk;k dgk tkrks gSA bu ljk;k dk mís”; ;q) ugha FkkAblfy, bu ljk;k ds laca/k esa lhjr dh fdrkcksa esa bl izdkj ds “kCnfy[ks gq, feyrs gSa fd buesa ;q) ugha gqvk] buesa eqMHksM+ ugha gqbZAfgtjr ds vkjafHkd le; esa vcok] cokr] v”khjk uked ljk;kis”k vk,A bu ljk;k dk fooj.k lhjr dh fdrkcksa esa bu “kCnksa esavkrk gS Þbuesa dksbZ vUlkjh u FkkAß vUlkj dks bu eqfgeksa esa “kkfeyu djus dh uhfr ;g Fkh fd vki ugha pkgrs Fks fd tks “k=qrk dqjS”kvkSj eqgkftjhu ds chp LFkkfir gks pqdh gS] og le; ls iwoZ vUlkjds lkFk gks tk,Abu ljk;k dk v?;;u djus ls Kkr gksrk gS fd budk izkjafHkdmís”; nks FkkA izFke eDdk ds fudVorhZ leqnk;ksa ls laf/k djuk rkfddqjS”k dks bu leqnk;ksa ls dkVk tk lds] vFkkZr dqjS”k viuh vkØkeddk;Zokfg;ksa esa mudks viuk lg;ksxh u cuk ldsaAbu ljk;k dk nwljk mís”; dqjS”k dh xfrfof/k;ksa dh tkudkjhysuk FkkA blh fy, lfj;k lQoku ds ljnkj dks tks vkns”k fn, x,Fksa mudk vuqokn gS ÞdqjS”k dh xfrfof/k;ksa dks irk djuk vkSj mllslwfpr djukAßbu ljk;k dk rhljk dkj.k oks ?kVuk cuh ftldks eDdk okyksadk enhus ij igyk vkØe.k dgk tk ldrk gSA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dsx+t+o% v”khjk ls enhuk ykSVus ds yxHkx nl fnu ckn dqjS”k ds ,dljnkj dqt+Z fcu tkfcj vy&fQgjh us enhuk dh ,d pjkxkg ijNkik ekjk vkSj eqlyekuksa ds ÅaV vkSj cdfj;ka ys HkkxkA ¼lhjr bCusfg”kke] Hkkx 2] i`’B 238½bl ?kVuk dks ns[krs gq, dqjS”k ds gkSlyksa dks rkSM+uk vko’;dFkkA blfy, gt+jr eqgEen us dqjS”k ds O;kikfjd d+kfQys ij VqdfM+;ka


106iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouHksthaA ;g O;kikfjd d+kfQys enhuk ds fudV ls gksdj xqtjrs FksAgt+jr eqgEen us ;g VqdfM+;ka dqjS”k ds O;kikfjd d+kfQys ij mudkslko/kku djus ds fy, Hkstha fd ;fn rqe gekjh vFkZ O;oLFkk dks u’Vdjuk pkgrs gks rks vius vkidks Hkh lqjf{kr er le>ksA,d lfj;k ¼vCnqYykg fcu tg”k½ esa ,slk gqvk fd ,d eqlyekuus ,d eqf”jd ¼[k+qnk ds lkFk Hkkxhnkj ekuus okyk½ dh gR;k dj nhAblls dqN yksxksa dks Hkze gqvkA mUgksaus dgk enhuk igqap dj bLykeus /kS;Z dk ekxZ NksM+ dj ;q) dk ekxZ viuk fy;k gSA bCus vygt+jehdh gR;k tSls fd bl ckr dh ?kks’k.kk gks fd vc bLyke dh vksj lsl”kL= eqd+kcys dk vkjaHk gks pqdk gksAfdarq rF;ksa dk foLrkj iwoZd v/;;u djus ls bl izdkj ds erdk fujk/kkj gksuk fl) gks tkrk gSA okLrfoDrk ;g Fkh fd eqgEen¼lYyŒ½ us jtc nks fgtjh esa vCnqYykg fcu tg”k ds us=Ro esa ,dVqdM+h u[k+yk dh vksj HksthA blesa ckjg eqgkftj FksA budks jokukdjrs gq, vkius lfj, ds ljnkj dks ,d vkns”k i= fn;k vkSj dgkfd rqe bldks ml le; rd u [kksyuk tc rd fd rqe nks fnu dh;k=k iwjh u dj yksA ;k=k ds nks fnu ckn bldks [kksyuk vkSj tksdqN blesa fy[kk gS mldk ikyu djukAnks fnu ds i”pkr tc gt+jr vCnqYykg fcu tg”k us bl i=dks [kksyk rks blesa fy[kk gqvk Fkk& tc rqe esjs bl i= dks ns[kks rkspyrs jgks ;gk¡ rd fd rqe eDdk vkSj rk;Q ds chp u[+kyk igq¡ptkvks] ogka Bgj tkuk vkSj dqjS”k dh xfrfof/k;ksa ls gesa lwfpr djukAblh chp dqjS”k dk ,d O;kikfjd ny “kke ls eDdk dh vksj vkjgk FkkA VqdM+h ds ,d O;fDr okfd+n fcu vCnqYykg us ny ds ljnkjmej fcu vy>+jeh dks fu”kkuk yxk dj rhj ekjkA ;g rhj fdlhlaosnu”khy txg ij yxk vkSj og ej x;kA tc ;g yksx enhuk igqaps


107iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkSj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks gR;k dk C;ksjk fn;k x;k rks vki us rqjUrdgk fd eSaus rqedks ekg gjke esa fdlh ;q) dk vkns”k ugha fn;k FkkA;fn ;q) mís”; gksrk rks eSa rqedks D;k gjke eghus esa HkstrkAx+T+o% cn~j Åyk¼x+T+o% cn~j izFke½fgtjr ds vafre fnuksa esa eDdk okyksa us eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dhgR;k dk iwjk iz;Ru fd;kA muds cM+s&cM+s ljnkjksa us ,d la;qDr cSBdcqykbZ rkfd loZlEefr ls dksbZ vafre fu.kZ; fy;k tk ldsA ckr&phrds chp ;g lq>ko vk;k fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks idM+ dj dksBjh esacUn dj nsa rkfd mudh e`R;q gks tk,] nwljk lq>ko Fkk fd tykorudj nsaA ,d lq>ko ;g Fkk fd lkjs leqnk; okys ,d lkFk mu ijokj djsa rkfd gR;k dk vkjksi lkjs leqnk; esa caV tk,] vkSj gkf”keifjokj gR;k dk cnyk u ys lds ¼lhjr bCus gs”kke½dqjvku esa bldk o.kZu bl izdkj gS% vkSj tc eqafdj rqEgkjs ckjs esarnchjsa dj jgs Fks vkSj vYykg viuh rnchj dj jgk Fkk] vkSj vYykgcsgrjhu rnchj okyk gSA ¼vy&vUQky% 30½vYykg dh fo”ks’k lgk;rk ls eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ eDdk ls enhukvk x,A ijUrq vc ;g lkQ gks x;k Fkk fd dqjS”k dsoy fojks/kh ughagSaA cfYd os bLyke vkSj bLyke ds ekuus okyksa dk var dj nsuk pkgrsgSaA ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd fgtjr ds ckn eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vius xqIrpjnLrs eDdk ds fudVorhZ {ks=ksa esa Hkstrs jgs rkfd dqjS”k dksbZ taxh;kstuk cuk,a rks mldh iwoZ tkudkjh izkIr gks ldsA fgtjr ds ckneqgkftjhu ds tks Hkh ljk;k Hksts x,A vf/kdrj mudk mís”; dqjS”kdh vkØked xfrfof/k;ksa dh tkudkjh ds fy, gksrk FkkAv”khjk dh eqfge Hkh blh izdkj dh Fkh tks fgtjr ds nwljs o’kZ


108iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoutekfny Åyk ds eghus esa is”k vkbZA dqjS”k ds ,d d+kfQ+ys dk lekpkjlqudj gt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ 200 eqgkftjhu dks ysdj v”khjk dhvksj x, tks ;acwv uked LFkku ds fudV fLFkr gSA ijUrq eqMHksM+ ughagqbZA vki dqN fnu ckn ykSV vk,A blh ;k=k esa vki us cuw eqnytleqnk; ls og eS=h laf/k dh Fkh ftldk mYys[k bfrgkl dh fdrkcksaesa gSA ¼t+jd+kuh 1] 196½v”khjk ls gt+jr eqgEen dh okilh ds yxHkx nl fnu ckn d+qjS”kdh vksj ls oks vkØe.k gqvk ftldh vk”kadk FkhA eDdk ls dqjS”k ds,d ljnkj dqtZ+ fcu tkfcj vy&Qsgjh us ,d VqdM+h ds lkFk enhusesa eqlyekuksa dh pjkxkg ij Nkik ekjk ;g yksx jkf= ds le; enhusesa ?kqls vkSj cdfj;ka vkSj Å¡V ysdj Hkkx x,A eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks tcbl ?kVuk dh lwpuk feyh rks rqjar vkius lkfFk;ksa dh VqdM+h ysdjmldk ihNk djrs gq, lQoku uked LFkku rd x,] ijUrq os yksx tkpqds FksA vki lQoku ls okil ykSV vk, vkxs ugha x,A bl otg lsbldks x+T+o% lQoku dgk x;k gS] vkSj cn~j dh txg ;gka ls fudVgS blh fy, x+T+o% cnj Åyk ¼izFke x+T+o% cn~j½ Hkh dgk x;kA blx+T+os ij tkrs gq, gt+jr eqgEen us vius LFkku ij t+Sn fcu gkfjlk¼jft+Œ½ dks fu;qDr fd;k FkkAdqt+Z fcu tkfcj dqjS”k ds ljnkjksa esa ls FksA ckn dks mudks vkiuhHkwy dk iNrkok gqvk] muij bLyke dh lPpkbZ [kqy xbZA mUgksausenhuk vkdj bLyke dks viuk fy;kAeqlyeku gksus ds ckn mUgksaus cgqr lh bLykeh lsok,sa dhaA gt+jreqgEen us mjSfu¸;hu dk ihNk djus ds fy, ,d VqdM+h Hksth mldkv/kh{kd dqt+Z fcu tkfcj vy&Qsgjh dks cuk;kA


109iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoux+T+o% cn~j lkfu;k¼x+T+o% cn~j f}rh;½fgtjr ds nwljs o’kZ ¼623½ jet+ku ds eghus esa lh/ks rkSj ij igykckd+k;nk ;q) gqvkA bl ;q) dks x+t+o% cn~j dgk tkrk gS] cn~j ,dxkao dk uke FkkA tks enhuk ls 80 fdŒ ehŒ dh nwjh ij FkkA ;g taxblh LFkku ij gqbZ FkhA blh dkj.ko”k bldk uke x+To% cn~j iM+kAvkSj ;g bl LFkku ij jlwyqYykg dh dqjS”k ds fo:) nwljh eqfge Fkhbl fy, bldks x+t+o% cn~j f}rh; dgk x;kA ml le; eqlyekuksadh la[;k dqjS”k dh rqyuk esa cgqr de Fkh] vkSj “kL= Hkh cgqr deFksA ijUrq [kqnk dh fo”ks’k lgk;rk ls “k=qvksa ds fo:) eqlyekuksa dkst+cjnLr lQyrk feyhA blhfy, dq+jvku esa bl fnu dks ^;kSeqyQqd+kZu* vFkkZr lR; vkSj vlR; dks vyx djus okyk fnu dgk x;kAeDdk esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ yksxksa dks ,d [kqnk vkSj vkf[+kjr ¼ejusds ckn dk le;½ dk mins”k nsrs jgsA d+qjS”k ftudh gSfl;r vjcds ljnkj dh Fkh mUgksaus vki ij vkSj vkids lkfFk;ksa ij gj izdkjds vR;kpkj fd, ;gka rd fd dqN eqlyekuksa dh ekj ekj dj gR;kdj nhA ijUrq vki gj fLFkfr dks lgu djrs gq, vius izpkj dks“kkafriw.kZ


110iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufudysa lc ,d lkFk vkØe.k dj ds vkidh gR;k dj nsaxsAijUrq eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vYYkkg dh lgk;rk ls jkr dks ?kj lsfudydj lqjf{kr enhuk vkx,Abu lc ?kVukvksa us dqjS”k dks iw.kZ#i ls vR;kpkjh fl) dj fn;kFkkA blh fy, dqjku esa iSx+Ecj ds lkfFk;ksa ls dgk x;k% ÞD;k rqe muls u yM+ksx ftUgksaus viuk opu rksM+kA vkSj mUgksaus iSx+Ecj dks mudsns”k ls tykoru (exile) djus dh ps’Vk dhA vkSj ogh gSa ftUgksaus yM+usesa rqels igy dhA D;k rqe muls Mjksxs] cfYd vYykg dk T+;knk g+d+gS fd rqe mlls Mjks] vxj rqe eksfeu gksA vYYkkg rqEgkjs gkFkksa mudkslt+k nsxk vkSj mudks viekfur djsxkA vkSj rqedks muij fot; nsxkvkSj eksfeu ds lhus dks BaMk djsxkA ¼vy&rkSck% 13-14½iSx+Ecj vkSj iSx+Ecj ds lkfFk;ksa us viuk ns”k viuh /ku&laifÙklc eDdk esa NksM+ dj enhuk vk x,A ijUrq dqjS”k dk fgalkRedjo¸;k vc Hkh lekIr ugha gqvkA fofHkUu izdkj ls mudk Åxz #ilkeus vkrk jgrk FkkA bLykeh bfrgkl esa izFke x+T+o% cn~j blh dM+hdh ,d ?kVuk gSAvc dqjS”k us ,d ubZ ;kstuk cukbZ fd iwjh rS;kjh ds lkFk enhusij vkØe.k djds eqlyekuksa dh “kfDr dks iw.kZ #i ls rksM+ fn;ktk,A bl mís”; ds fy, eDdk ds lkjs leqnk;k vkSj ifjokjksa us lka>hlEifÙk tek dh vkSj fQj eDdk ds ,d vuqHkoh O;kikjh vcw lqQ;kufcu gcZ ds usr`Ro esa ,d O;kikfjd d+kfQyk “kke Hkstk x;kA ;kstuk;g Fkh fd O;kikj esa tks ykHk gks ml /ku ls ;q) dh rS;kjh dh tk,Afgtjr ds nwljs o’kZ jet+ku ds eghus esa gt+jr eqgEen dks ;glwpuk feyh fd og O;kikfjd d+kfQ+yk “kke ls okil gksdj eDdktk jgk gSA mlds lkFk ,d gt+kj Å¡V gSa ftuij O;kikfjd lkexzhynh gqbZ gSA


111iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougt+jr eqgEen us d+qjS”k dh bl vukpkjh ;kstuk dks foQy djusdk fu”p; fd;k fd bl d+kfQys dks chp esa idM+ ysa] vkSj bl lkexzhdks eDdk u igqapus nsaA vki eqlyekuksa dh ,d VqdM+h ysdj d+kfQysdh vksj jokuk gq,Aljnkj vcw lqQ;ku dks lansg Fkk fd dnkfpr eqlyeku bld+kfQ+ys dks u jksd ysaA blfy, og ekxZ esa pyrs yksxksa ls vkSj ;kf=;ksals enhuk dh fLFkfr dh tkudkjh ysrs jgrs FksA dqN ;kf=;ksa }kjkmudks ;g lekpkj feyk fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vius lkfFk;ksa ds lkFkd+kfQys dh vksj vk jgs gSaA mlds ckn vcw lqQ;ku us t+et+e fx+Q+kjhdks esgurkuk ¼ifjJfed½ nsdj eDdk dgyk Hkstk fd rqjar lgk;rkds fy, igqapks vU;Fkk eqlyeku gekjs d+kfQ+ys dks ywV ysaxsAt+et+e fx+Q+kjh us eDdk igqapdj vius diM+s QkM+ Mkys vkSjfpYyk fpYyk dj eDdk okyksaa dks crk;k fd rqEgkjk d+kfQyk ladVesa gS rqjUr mldh lgk;rk ds fy, nkSM+ksA bl lekpkj ds feyrs ghlkjs eDdk okys vkos”k esa vk x,A D;ksafd bl O;kikfjd d+kfQys esayxHkx eDdk ds lkjs L=h iq:’k us viuh O;olkf;d i¡wth yxk j[kkhFkhA rqjUr eDdk ds ,d gt+kj vkneh iwjs vLr&”kL= ds lkFk vcwtgy ds usr`Ro esa jokuk gks x,A bl lsuk esa eDdk ds lkjs ljnkjvfrfjDr vcw ygc ds vkSj ;q) ds ;ksX; lkjs toku “kkfey FksAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ckjg jet+ku dks enhuk ls pys] ml le; vkids lkFk dsoy 313 vlgkc ¼eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds lkFkh½ FksA ;q) lkexzhHkh cgqr de FkhA dsoy nks ?kksM+s vkSj 70 Å¡V FksA ,d Å¡V ij nks ;krhu O;fDr ckjh&ckjh lokj gksrs FksA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh lokjh esavyh fcu vch rkfyc vkSj vcw yqckck “kkfey FksA tc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ds iSny pyus dh ckjh vkbZ rks nksuksa us dgk ,s [kqnk ds jlwy vkiÅ¡V ij lokj jgsa ge vki ds LFkku ij iSny pysaxsA vkius dgk ugh rqe nksuksa eq>ls vf/kd l”kDr gks vkSj u gh izfrQy esa eSa rqe nksuksa


112iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudh rqyuk esa csiokZ g¡wAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us fLFkfr dh leh{kk ds fy, vius vkneh Hkstj[ks FksA tSls gh vki lQjk uked LFkku ds fudV igqaps rks vkidsxqIrpj cqlcql vkSj vnh us vkdj lwpuk nh fd dqjS”k dh lsukvkidh vksj pyh vk jgh gSA blds vfrfjDr ;g Hkh tkudkjh feyhfd O;kikfjd d+kfQ+yk rst+h ls ekxZ cny dj vkxs fudy x;kA vkSjeDdk dh lhek esa izos”k dj x;kA vcw tgy ds usr`Ro esa eDdk lstks lsuk pyh Fkh oks vc vius O;kikfjd d+kfQys dh vksj ls fuHkZ;gksdj enhus dh vksj c


113iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudh d+le] ge cuh bljkbZy dh rjg ;g ugha dgsaxs fd rqe vkSjrqEgkjk jc tkdj yM+ks] ge rks ;gha cSBs gSa] cfYd ge rks ;g dgsasxs fdvki pysa vkSj vki dk jc Hkh] ge vkids lkFk yM+us ds fy, gkft+j¼mifLFkr½ gSaA,d ds ckn ,d eqgkftj blh izdkj mRlkgiw.kZ lgk;rk dks O;Drdjrs jgs] blds mijkar vki viuh ckr dks ckj ckj dgrs jgs fd ,syksxks eq>dks lykg nksA blds ckn lkn fcu eqvkt+ vulkjh [kM+sgq,] mUgksaus dgk fd ,s [kqnk ds jlwy dnkfpr vkidk ladsr fo”ks"kr%gekjh vksj gSA vki us dgk gk¡A rRi”pkr lkn fcu ekt+ us vulkjdk us=Ro djrs gq, dgk%,s [kqnk ds jlwy] ge vkids Åij bZeku yk, vkSj vkidh iq’Vh dhvkSj ;g xokgh nh fd vki tks /keZ yk, gSa og lR; gSA vkSj ml ijge lev vkSj rkvr ¼lqUuk vkSj ekUuk½ dk opu ns pqds gSaA ,s [kqnkds jlwy] vki enhus ls ,d vkSj pht+ ds fy, fudys] vkSj vYykg us,d vkSj fLFkfr mRiu dj nh] vc vki ftl ls pkgsa laca/k rksM+sa ftlls pkgsa laca/k tksM+saA ftl ls pkgs laf/k djsa ftl ls pkgsa “k=qrk djsaAgekjh laifÙk esa ls tks pkgs vki ys ysaA vkSj /ku dk tks Hkkx vki ysaxsog gedks ml ls vf/kd izh; gksxk tks vki gedks nsaxsA dsoy vkns”knhft, ge vkids v/khu gSaA ;fn vki pysa ;gka rd fd cdZ x+Eeknrd igqap tk,a rks Hkh ge vkids lkFk vo”; tk,saxsA ml gLrh dhd+le ftlus vkidks lPpkbZ ds lkFk Hkstk gS] ;fn vki gedks leqnzesa tkus dks dgsaxs rks ge mlesa pys tk,axs vkSj ge esa ls dksbZ Hkh ihNsugha jgsxkA “k=q dk lkeuk djuk gekjs fy, dksbZ vizh; ckr ughaA ge;q) easa tes jgus okys yksx gSaA vkSj ge eqd+kcys ds le; lPps fl)gksus okys gSa] vkSj laHkork [kqnk gels vkidks oks fn[kk, ftlls vkidhvk¡[ksa BaMh gksaA cl vYykg ij Hkjkslk djds gedks yssdj pfy,A


114iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ bl mÙkj dks lqudj vfr izlUu gq,] vkSj dgkvYYkg ds Hkjksls ij pyksA rqEgkjs fy, “kqHk lekpkj gSA vkSj vYykgus oknk ¼promise½ fd;k gS fd og vo”; gesa fot;h djsxkAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ml fn”kk dh vksj vkxs c


115iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulkS ls gt+kj ds chp gSAmlds ckn dqjS”k dh lsuk tks yxHkx ,d gt+kj Fkh] c


116iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvki ds fo”ks’k dkfrc cu x,A vkSj ;gh Fks ftUgksaus gt+jr vcw cØds dk;Zdky esa dqjvku dh laiw.kZ dkih rS;kj dhA vkSj fQj ;gh FksftUgksaus gt+jr mleku ds dk;Zdky esa dbZ vkSj dkfi;ka rS;kj dhaAml le; enhus esa d+Sfn;ksa dks j[kus ds fy, dksbZ LFkku ughaFkkA vki us mldh O;oLFkk bl izdkj dh fd bu dS+fn;k dks fofHkUueqlyekuksa ds liqnZ dj fn;kA vkSj dgk mudks vius ?kjksa esa j[kksAbl lanHkZ esa vki us vkns”k fn;k fd bu dSfn;ksa ds lkFk vPNk O;ogkjfd;k djksA mlds ckn lgkck (companions) dk ;g gky gqvk fdftuds ikl tks d+Snh Fks og igys mu d+Sfn;ksa dks [kkuk f[kykrs vkSjckn esa Loa; [kkrsA ;fn [kkuk u cprk rks Loa; dsoy [ktwj ij xqt+kjkdjrsA bl vPNs O;ogkj dk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd muesa ls vf/kdrjdS+fn;ksa us ckn esa bLyke dcwy dj fy;kAcn~j ds dqN dS+fn;ksa us enhuk ds dqN yksxksa dks f”kf{kr djdseqfDr ikbZA dqN fu/kZu yksxksa ls ;g opu ysdj eqDr dj fn;k x;kfd os eqlyekuksa ds eqd+kcys ij ugha vk,axs] vkSj dqN yksxksa ds ifjokjokys eDdk ls vk, vkSj mudk fQn;k ¼tqekZus dh jkf”k½ ns dj viusd+Sfn;ksa dks okil ys x,AbUgha d+Sfn;ksa esa ,d lqgSy fcu vez Hkh Fks] og mPpLrjh; dohvkSj oDrk&fo’k;d Hkh FksA og lHkkvksa esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dh fuUnkdjrs FksA vkSj viuh dforkvksa essa vki ij nks’k yxkrs vkSj vidhHkRlZuk djrs FksA gt+jr mej Qk#d+ us dgk fd ,s [kqnk ds jlwy eq>svuqefr nhft, fd eSa lqgSy ds uhps ds nkar m[ksM+ n¡w rkfd mldhvkokt+ [kjkc gks tk, vkSj og vkids fo:) cksyus dh fLFkfr esa ujgsA vkius dgk ,s mej NksM+ nks] dnkfpr [kqnk rqedks muds }kjk dksbZ[kq”kh fn[kk,A dgrs gSa fd lqyg gqnSfc;k mUgha ds iz;klksa dk ifj.kkeFkh] tks bLyke ds fy, cgqr cM+h fot; fl) gqbZA ckn dks eDdk dh


117iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufot; ds le; mUgksaus Hkh bLyke dcwy dj fy;kA,d o.kZu ds vuqlkj tc gt+jr mej us ;g ckr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ls dgh rks vki us mÙkj fn;k fd ,s mej] eSa bl izdkj fdlh dkeqlyk ¼fod`r½ ugha dj ldrk oj.k eq>s Hk; gS fd [kqnk esjk eqlykdj nsxk] ;|fi eSa [kqnk dk jlwy gw¡A &lhjr bCus gs”kkeeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds fu/ku ds i”pkr tc vjc oxkZsa esa bjrsnkn¼/keZ ls fQj tkuk½ QSyus yxk ml le; lqgSy fcu vez dh Hkk’k.kfo’k;d fo”k’ksrk cgqr ykHknk;d fl) gqbZA mUgksa us vjc oxZ esa cgqrizHkkodkjh Hkk’k.k fn, vkSj muds fojks/k dks “kkar fd;kAx+T+o% d+qjd+qjrqy d+qnj“kOoky 2 fgtjhx+t+o% cn~j ls ykSVus ds ckn vkidks ;g lwpuk feyh fd lqySevkSj x+rQku vkids fo:) bdëk gks jgs gSaA vki 200 yksxksa dks ysdjmudh vksj jokuk gq,A vki pyrs gq, ml LFkku ij igq¡ps ftldksp”ek d+qnj dgk tkrk gSA mu yksxksa dk mís”; fo”ks’kr% ;q) ugha FkkcfYd Nkik ekjuk FkkA blfy, tc mUgsa Kkr gqvk fd iSx+Ecj bLykedks bl vfrØe.k dh lwpuk fey pqdh gS vkSj os vius lkfFk;ksa dksysdj mudh vksj vk jgs gSa rks os yksx okil ykSV x,A vki p”ek dqnjij rhu fnu :ds mlds ckn fcuk fdlh eqMHksM+ ds okil ykSV vk,Ax+T+o% cuh d+Suqd+kv“kOoky 2 fgtjh;gwnh fo}ku vCnqYykg fcu lyke cuh d+Suqd+kv tkfr ls FkkAbl tkfr ds yksxksa dh ohjrk vkSj ikS#’k izfl) FkkA buds vf/kdrjyksx lqukj FksA iSx+Ecj bLyke muds ckt+kj esa x, vkSj mu yksxksa dks


118iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoubdëk djds bLyke dk lans”k fn;kA vki us dgk ,s ;gwn oxZ rqeyksx vYykg ls MjksA cn~j esa ftl izdkj dqjS”k [kqnk dh idM+ esa vkx,] ,slk u gks fd rqe Hkh mlh izdkj [kqnk dh idM+ esa vk tkvksAbLyke Lohdkj djks] rqe fuf”pr #i ls tkurs gks fd eSa [kqnk dkiSx+Ecj gw¡A bldks rqe viuh fdrkc esa ikrs gks vkSj vYykg rqe lsbldk opu ys pqdk gSA;gwn bl oDrO; dks lqudj HkM+d x,A mUgksaus dgk blls igysvkidk eqd+kcyk ,d v;ksX; vkSj vKku tkfr ls Fkk ftlij vkifot;h gks x,A [kqnk dh d+le ge ls vkidk eqd+kcyk gqvk rks vkitku ysaxs fd ge ohj gSaAiSx+Ecjs bLyke tc eDdk NksM+ dj enhuk vk, Fks rks ogka dh;gwnh tkfr;ksa cuw dS+uqd+kv] cuw dqjSt+k] vkSj cuw ut+hj ls laf/k gqbZFkh fd ge vkils u ;q) djsaxs vkSj u vkids “k=q dks fdlh izdkj dhlgk;rk nsaxsA ijUrq dS+uqd+kv oxZ le>kSrs dk mYya?ku dj ;q) dsfy, rS;kj gks x;kA ;g ;gwnh enhuk ds fudVorhZ {ks= esa jgrs FksAbl lwpuk ds mijkar eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us enhuk esa vius LFkku ij vcwyqckck fcu vCnqy eqfUt+j vUlkjh dks fu;qDr fd;k vkSj cuh dS+uqd+kvdh vkSj dwp dj x,A;gwn us fd+ys ds Hkhrj tkdj mlds }kj cUn dj fy,A iSx+EcjbLyke us 15 “kOoky ls thd+knk rd mudk ?ksjko fd;kA varr% os yksxnks lIrkg ds ckn fd+ys ls mrj iM+sA vkius mudh gR;k dk vkns”kugha fn;k oj.k ;g dgk fd vko”;d lkexzh ysdj ogka ls pys tk,aAx+T+o% lohd+2 ft+fYgTtkx+T+o, cnj dh ijkt; ds i'pkr muds cps gq, yksx tc eDdk


119iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouigw¡ps rks eDdk esa mudh vlQyrk dk [k+wc ppkZ gqvkA vcq lqfQ;kutks eDdk ds ljnkj Fks] mUgksus lkSxa/k yh dh tc rd eSa eqlyekuksaij vkØe.k djds mu ls izfr'kks/k u ys ywa rc rd Luku ugha d:¡xkAblfy, og nks lkS lokjkas dks ysdj vkØe.k ds bjkns ls enhusdh vksj py iM+sA ;g yksx vjht+ uked LFkku rd igq¡ps tks fd enhusls rhu ehy dh nwjh ij gS] ;gk¡ igq¡pdj ;g yksx ,d [ktwj ds ckxesa ?kqls] ogk¡ nks O;fDr ckx ds dkeksa esa yxs gq, Fks muesa ,d vulkjFkk nwljk Jfed] muyksxksa us nksauks dk o/k dj fn;k vkSj dqN o`{kksadks tyk Mkyk vkSj le>k dh gekjk izfr'kks/k iwjk gks x;kA vkSj oghals og yksx ykSV x,A iSx+Ecj bLyke dks tc bl ?kVuk dh lwpukfeyh rks vki nks lkS eqlyekuksa ds lkFk vcq lfqQ;ku dk ihNk djusds fy;s fudys ijUrq vkids igq¡pus ls iwoZ og yksx ogk¡ ls tk pqdsFksA tkrs le; oks yksx vius lÙkw ¼baked grain powder) ds dqNFkSys NksM+ x;s Fks] oks eqlyekuksa dks fey x;sA blh dkj.k bl x+T+ogdk uke x+T+o, lohd+ iM+ x;k] vFkkZr lRRkq okyk x+T+ogA9 ft+fYgTtk dks iSx+Ecj ¼lYyŒ½ x+T+o, lohd ls enhukokil vk x;s vkSj nl ft+fYgTt dks bZnqyvtgk dh nks jdkr uekteqlyekuksa ds lkFk vnk dhA vkSj nks es


120iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufd;k fd D;k rqEgkjs ikl eg~j ¼oks jkf'k tks bLyke esa yM+ds dh vksjls yM+dh ds fy;s r; dh tkrh gS½ esa nsus ds fy;s dksbZ oLrq gSA eSusdgk ughaA vki us iz'u fd;k oks ft+jg ¼;q) esa iguk tkus okyk yksgsdh t+athjksa lss cuk igukok½ tks rqEgsa cnj ds ;q) esa feyh Fkh] dgk¡gS\ eSus dgk oks rks esjs ikl gSA vki us dgk ogh ft+jg Qkfrek dksrqe egj esa ns nksAgt+jr vyh us bl ft+jg dks 480 fnjge esa gt+jr mleku dkscsp fn;kA vkSj jkf'k ykdj gt+jr eqgEen dks ns nhA iSx+Ecj bLykeus dgk bl ls br~j ¼lqxaf/kr nzo½ rFkk diM+s dh O;oLFkk dj yksAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us viuh iq=h dks tgst+ esa tks lkeku fn;k] oks Fkk&,d lk/kkj.k jt+kbZ] peM+s dk ekewyh xík ftlesa o`{k ds iÙks Hkjs gq,FksA pDdh] ikuh dh e'd rFkk nks feêh ds ?kM+sA ¼eqLun vgen½x+T+o% x+rQkueksgjZe 3 fgtjheksgjZe 3 fgtjh esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks enhus esa ;g lwpuk feyhfd cuh lvyck rFkk cuh eqgkfjc ut~n esa bdëk gks jgs gSaA mudh;kstuk enhuk ds fudVoZrh {ks=ksa esa Nkik ekjus vkSj lkeku ywVusdh gSA nklwj x+rQkuh budk ljnkj FkkA bl lkekpkj ds feyrs gh]gtjr eqgEen] lgkck dk ,d ny ys dj Xk+rQku dh vksj py iM+sAenhus esa mleku fcu v+Q+ku dks vius LFkku ij fu;qDr fd;kA mlle; vki ds lkFk 450 lkFkh FksA dchyk x+rQku ds yksxksa dks tcvkids vkus dk lkekpkj feyk rks og yksx igkM+ksa dh vksj pys x;sAdsoy ,d O;fDr idM+ esa vk;kA vki us mldks bLyke dh nkor nhAmlus bLyke dcwy dj fy;kAlQ+j dk iwjk eghuk vki ;gha :ds jgs] ijUrq dksbZ eqdkcys


121iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouij ugha vk;kA vki fcuk fdlh eqMHksM+ ds okil ykSV vk;sAbl ;k=k ls okilh esa vki ,d volj ij ,d o`{k dh Nk;k esavdsys foJke dj jgs FksA ml oD+r eq'kfjdhu esa dk ,d O;fDr m/kj ls xqt+jkA og vkidks ,dkUr esa ns[kdj vkids ikl vk;kA mldsgkFk esa ,d ryokj FkhA mlus dgk ,s eqgEen rqe dks eq> ls dkSucpk,xkA vki us mRrj fn;k] vYykg! mlds ckn mlus ryokj j[knh vkSj vki ds ikl cSB x;kA vki us vius gkFk esa ryokj ys yhvkSj dgk dh vc crkvks rqedks eq>ls dkSu cpk,A mlus dgk vkicsgrj ryokj ysus okys gSaA fQj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us ml O;fDr ls ;gopu ysdj NksM+ fn;k dh oks Hkfo"; esa vkids eqdkcys esa ugha vk,xkAx+T+o% utjkujchmLlkuh 3 fgtjhfgtjr ds rhljs o"kZ 3 jfcmLlkuh dks enhuk esa vkidks ;g lwpukfeyh fd utjku uked LFkku ij cuh lyhe eqlyekuksa ds fo:)bdÎk gks jgss gSaA bl lkekpkj ds feyrs gh gtjr eqgEen rhu lkSvknfe;ksa ds lkFk utjku ds fy;s jokuk gks x;s] vkSj tkus ls igysenhuk esa vius LFkku ij vCnqYykg fcu mEes edrwe dks fu;qDr djfn;kA mu yksxksa dks tc vkids vkus dk lkekpkj feyk rks mUgksusviuk bjknk cny fn;k vkSj b/kj&m/kj gks x;sA vki yxHkx nl fnurd utjku esa Bgjs] mlds ckn enhuk okil ykSV vk,Ax+T+o% mgqn'kOoky 3 fgtjheDdk ls fgtjr djus ds ckn eDdk okyksa dh vkØedxfrfof/k;ksa ds dkj.k fujarj muls >M+isa gksrh jghaA bUgh esa ls igyh


122iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoucM+h ?kVuk x+T+o% cn~j FkhA ftlesa eDdk okfl;ksa dks t+cjnLr ijkt;dk lkeuk djuk iM+k FkkA bl ijkt; ds ckn oks 'kkar ugha gq,] cfYdmuds cnys dh Hkkouk vkSj izcy gks xbZA ;gk¡ rd fd oks ;q) gqvkftls x+T+o, mgn dgk tkrk gSAcnj ds le; dqjS'k dh ml lsuk ls eqMHksM+ gqbZ Fkh tks vcwtgy ds usr`Ro esa eDdk ls fudyh FkhA dqjS'k dk nwljk ny oks Fkkftldh fLFkfr O;kikfjd d+kfQ+ys dh FkhA ;g dkfQyk vcw lqQ;kuds usr`Ro esa 'kke (Syria) ls vk jgk FkkA ;g d+kfQyk Lkqjf{kr eDdkigqWpus esa lQy gks x;k FkkAbl O;kikfjd dkfQ+ys esa eDdk okyksa us feytqy dj ipklgtkj dh /ku&jkf'k yxk j[kh FkhA blls yxHkx nwuk ykHk izkIr gqvkAvc eDdk ds ljnkj vcw lqQ;ku fcu gcZ] vcnqYykg fcu vch jchvkvkSj bdjek fcu vch tgy bR;kfn] nk:yunok ¼eDdk dh pkSiky½esa bdëk gq,A vkilh lykg&Ek'kojk ls ;g r; ik;k fd bl O;kikjdh ewy jkf'k yksxksa dks ykSVk nh tk,] vkSj ykHk dks enhuk ds fo#)QkSth dk;Zokgh esa iz;ksx fad;k tk,A bl y{; dks ysdj fo’ks”k :ils rS;kfj;k¡ dh xbZaaA ;gk¡ rd fd iw.kZ:i ls gfFk;kjcan gksdj rhugtkj dh lsuk ik¡p 'kOoky dks vcw lqQ;ku ds usr`Ro esa enhuk dhvksj jokuk gqbZA ;g fgtjr dk rhljk o"kZ FkkAiSxEcj bLyke dks vius dqN lw=ksa }kjk dqjS'k dh bl QkSthdk;Zokgh dh lqpuk feyhA vki us fLFkfr dh leh{kk ds fy;s enhukls nks O;fDr Hksts ftudk uke Fkk vul vkSj ewfulAbu nksuksa us okil vkdj ;g lkekpkj fn;k fd dqjS’k dh lsukenhuk ds fudV vk pqdh gSA mlds ckn vkius gCckc fcu eqfUt+jdks Hkstk rkfd og lsuk dh rknkn ¼la[;k½ dk vuqeku yxk,as] mUgksausvkdj la[;k ds lanHkZ esa iwjh tkudkjh nhA


123iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourRi'pkr vkius cpko dh rS;kfj;k¡ vkjaHk dj nha] vkSj lkfFk;ksadks bZdëk djds muls lykg yhA o`) lkfFk;ksa dk dguk Fkk fd uxjds Hkhrj jgdj eqd+kcyk fd;k tk,A ijUrq ;qok eqlyekuksa dk dgukFkk fd uxj ls ckgj fudydj eqdkcyk fd;k tk,A Loa; gtjreqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ Hkh blh jk; ls lger Fks fd enhus esa can gksdjeqdkcyk fd;k tk,A vcnqYykg fcu mcS; us Hkh ;gh dgk enhuk ,dfdys tSlk gSA bfrgkl crkrk gS fd tc Hkh enhuk okfl;ksa us enhusesa jgdj eqdkcyk fd;k rks oks fot;h gq, vkSj tc enhuk ls ckgjfudys] rks lQy u gks ldsAdqN yksxkaas dk dguk Fkk fd ;fn ge enhus esa jgdj cpko djrs gSarks 'k=q gesa dk;j le>sxkA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ tc enhuk ls ckgj fudysrks muds lkFk ,d gtkj yksx Fks ijUrq erHksn ds dkj.k vcnqYykgfcu mcS; ds usr`Ro esa rhu lkS yksx chp esa vyx gks x,A mUgksaus dgkgekjh ckr ekuh ugha xbZ bl dkj.ko'k ge blesa Hkkx ugha ys ldrsAvc gt+jr eqgEen ds lkFk dsoy lkr lkS yksx 'ks"k jg x,Amgn dh tax nksigj ckn vkjaHk gqbZ vkSj 'kke rd lekIrgks xbZA ,d vksj ls lkr lkS eqlyeku Fks nqljh vksj eDdk dh lsukftlesa yxHkx rhu gtkj yksx FksA bl lsuk esa eDdk dh efgyk,as HkhFkha tks jfTt+;k v'vkj ¼;q) ds eSnku esa LkSfudksa dk eukscy c


124iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvch tgy] lQoku fcu me¸;k] vCnqYykg fcu vch jchvkA mgn dsvolj ij ;g yksx cgqr cgknqjh vkSj 'kfDr ls eqlyekuksa ds fo:)yM+sA ijUrq ckn dks mudh lksp esa ifjorZu vk x;k mu ik¡pksa ussbLyke dcwy dj fy;kA;q) vkjaHk gqvk rks eqlyeku vYila[;d gksus ds mijkar fot;hjgsA mUgksaus fojks/kh ny ds cgqr ls yksxkaas dks ekj fxjk;kA ,sls voljij Hkh oks bLykeh fu;eksa ij cus jgsA mnkgj.kr% vcw nkstkuk lgkchryokj ysdj fojks/kh lsuk esa ?kql x, vkSj ekjuk 'kq: dj fn;kA blhchp ,d efgyk ¼fgUnk½ muds lkeus vk xbZ] ijUrq tSls gh mUgksaus ns[kkoks ,d efgyk gS] mlds gkFk esa ryokj ugha gS oks dsoy Øks/k vkSj ?k`.kk dh Hkkouk izcy djus okyh dfork,as i


125iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouuke og'kh fcu gcZ FkkA mldh eqlyekuksa ls dksbZ 'k=qrk ugha FkhAmlus dsoy Loa; dks eqDr djkus ds fy;s vius ekfyd ds dgus ij,slk fd;kA ckn dks og vius fd;s ij yfTtr gqvk vkSj vki ds iklvkdj bLyke xzg.k dj fy;kA ml le; ,d O;fDr us vki ls dgkfd ,s [kqnk ds jlwy ;g ogh O;fDr gS ftlus vkids pkpk geTk+k dhgR;k dh FkhA vkius dgk bldks NksM+ nks ,d O;fDr dk bLyke xzg.kdjuk eq>s ,d gt+kj x+Sj&eqfLye ¼[k+qnk dk bUdkj djus okyksa½ dhgR;k djus ls vf/kd fiz; gSAbl ;q) esa tc izfri{k lsuk us ihNs dh vksj ls vkØe.k fd;krks eqlyekukas ds ikao m[kM+ x;sA ;gk¡ rd fd dsoy FkksM+s yksx vkidhlqj{kk ds fy;s vkids fudV jg x;sA fLFkfr dk ykHk mBk dj fojks/khvkids lfei vk x;sA ml le; vki us Å¡ps Loj esa dgk fd dkSu gStks gekjs fy;s viuh tku csp ns oks tUur esa gekjs lkFk gksxkA blLoj dks lqudj vkids lkfFk;ksa dh cM+h la[;k nkSM+ iM+h] vkSj vkidksvius ?ksjs es ys fy;kA ftlds pyrs fojksf/k;ksa dks vki ds Åij ryokjls vkØe.k djus dk volj u fey ldkA ijUrq mUgksaus vkidh vksjdbZ iRFkj Qsads ftl ls vkids eq[k ij vR;f/kd pkasVsa vkbZa rFkk [kwucgus yxkA ml le; vkidh tqcku ls fudyk% ml d+kSe dks dSlsHkykbZ feysxh tks vius uch dks [kwu ls fyIr dj ns vxzps fd oksmudks muds jc dh vksj cqyk jgk FkkAvkids eq[k ls ;g 'kCn fudys rks mlh le; [kqnk dh vksj ls,d Qfj'krk ;g vkns'k ysdj vk x;k fd bl ekeys es rqEgkjk dksbZgLr{ksi ugha] vYykg ;k rks mudh ekQh dcwy djsxk ;k vt+kc nsxkA¼vkys bZejku% 128½,d vkSj o.kZu ds vuqlkj tc eksEen ¼lYyŒ½ t+[eh gks x,rks vkius fojksf/k;kas ds dqN ljnkjkssa ds uke ysdj mudh gykdr dh


126iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thounqvk ¼[kRe djus dh izkFkZuk½ ekaxh tSls lQoku fcu mEk;~;k] lqgSyfcu vez vkSj gkfjl fcu gs'kkeA bruh vf/kd 'k=qrk ds mijkar vYykgus bldk leFkZu ugha fd;kA vkSj iSx+Ecj dks vi'kCn dgus ls jksdkAbldh fgder ckn esa lkeus vkbZA d;ksafd ckn dks bu lkjs ljnkjksaus bLyke xzg.k dj fy;k vkSj bLyke dh 'kfDr cusATkc gtjr eqgEen dks vYykg dh vksj ls lpsr fd;k x;krks vkius rqjar viuk rjhdk cny fn;kA vc vki muds fouk'k dhnqvk ds LFkku ij muds ekxZn'kZu dh dkeuk djus yxsA vc mudsfy, vkidh t+cku ij ;g 'kCn Fks& ,s esjs jc] esjh d+kse dks {kek dj]D;ksafd oks ugha tkursA ¼lgh eqfLye½eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ tc t+[+eh gq, vkSj vkidss 'kjhj ls dkQh [kwufudy x;k rks ml le; vki us ,d xqQk esa 'kj.k yh dqN le; dsfy, vki yksxksa dks fn[kkbZ ugha fn;sA ;gk¡ rd fd ;g 'kksj ep x;kfd vki 'kghn gks x, gSaA ,sls esa dkc fcu ekfyd dh n`f”V vki ijiM+hA oks vki ds ikl vk, vkSj pkgk fd Å¡ph vkckt+ ls dgs fd ,seqlyekuks] [kq'k gks tkvks fd jlwyqYykg ;gk¡ ij gSaA jlwyqYykg usmudks b'kkjs ls euk fd;k d;ksafd ,syku dh fLFkfr esa Hk; Fkk fdfojksf/k;ksa dks irk yxus ls vkSj dksbZ ubZ leL;k u [kM+h gks tk,A;q) ds vafre pj.k esa tks ?kVuk,sa lkeus vkbZa muesa ls ,d ;ggS fd fojksf/k lssuk dk ,d ljnkj igkM+h ij [kM+k gqvk] mlus dgk^^gqcy Å¡pk gks gqcy Å¡pk gksA** iSXk+Ecj bLyke us gt+jr mej ls dgkblds mRrj esa ;g dgks ^^vYykg gh cM+k vkSj Å¡pk gSA** fojksf/k lsukds ljnkj us nksckjk dgk ^^gekjs ikl vT+Tk+k gS rqEgkjs ikl vT+Tk+k ughagSA** gt+jr eqgEen us nksckjk dgk rqe bl izdkj mRrj nks ^^ vYykggekjk lgk;d gS vkSj rqEgkjk dksbZ lgk;d ugha gSA **fQj fojks/kh lsuk ds ljnkj us var esa dgk ^^;g fnu cnj ds fnu


127iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudk mÙkj gSA vkSj yM+kbZ Mksy ds leku gSA dHkh Åij dHkh uhpsA**;g lqudj gt+jr mej us mRrj fn;k fd ^^ge vkSj rqe ,d lekuughaA gekjs tks yksx ekjs x, oks tUur esa gSSa rqEgkjs yksx tks ekjs x,oks vkx esa gSaA**bl ;q) esa eqlyeku ijkftr gks x, vkSj muds cgqr ls yksx'kghn gq, rks fojks/kh ny us muds 'kjhj dk vieku fd;kA muds dkuvkSj ukd dkVs vkSj bl izdkj mudh 'kDy fcxkM+ dj [k+q'kh eukbZAijUrq ;q) ds ckn tc fojks/kh lsuk ds ljnkj vcw lqQ;ku dh HksaVgt+jr mej ls gqbZ rks ml le; vcw lqQ;ku us gt+jr mej ls dgk^^[k+qnk dh d+le u eSaus bldk vkns'k fn;k vkSj u eSus blls jksdkA**x+T+o% mgn esa dqN eqlyeku efgyk,as Hkh 'kkfey FkhaA gtjrvul dgrs gSa fd mgn ds fnu eSaus gt+jr vk;'kk vkSj viuh ek¡ mEelyhe dks ns[kk fd diM+s lesVs gq, ikuh dh e'd esa ikuh Hkj Hkj djviuh dej ij j[k dj ykrh Fkha vkSj ;q) LFky ij yksxksa dks ikuhfiykrh FkhaA tc e'd [kkyh gks tkrh rks nqckjk mls Hkj dj ykrh FkhaAblh izzdkj gtjr mej dk dguk gS fd vcw lbZn [k+qnjh dhek¡ mEEks lyhr Hkh mgqn ds fnu gekjs fy, e'd esa ikuh Hkj&Hkj djykrh FkhaA jchv fcu eqvOot+ dk dguk gS fd ge yksx x+t+okr esaeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds lkFk tkrs Fks fd yksxksa dks ikuh fiyk,sa vkSj ?kkoij iêh djsa rFkk tks yksx ekjs x, gksa mudks mBk dj yk,asA ijUrqge yksx tax ugha djrs FksAmEEks vfr;k dk dguk gS fd ge yksx x+T+okr esa ejht+ksa dhns[k js[k vkSj ?kk;yksa ds mipkj ds mÌs'; ls tkrs FksA bu efgykvksus dsoy yksxksa dks ikuh fiyk;k vkSj ?kk;yksa dh ns[k&js[k dh] ;q)ugha fd;kA ijUrq mEe vEekjk us tc ns[kk fd bCu d+fe¸;k] gt+jreqgEen ij vkØe.k dj jgk gS rks ,slh fLFkfr esa mUgksaus vkxs c


128iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqdkcyk Hkh fd;kAx+T+ok mgn esa 70 lgkck ¼gt+jr eqgEen ds lkFkh½ 'kghn gq,AdQu&nQu ds le; lkeku dh deh vFkkZr fu/kZurk ds dkj.k cgqrgh nq%[kn vkSj 'kh{kkizn ?kVuk,sa lkeus vkbZaA tSls fd eqlvc fcu meSjdks dQu iguk;k tkus yxk rks irk pyk fd ftl pknj esa nQukukFkk oks rks NksVh Fkh lj


129iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourkfd eqlyekuksa ds dsanz esa tkdj mudh 'kfDr dks iw.kZr;k dqpynsrsA** eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds xqIrpjksa dks tSls gh ;g tkudkjh feyhog rhozxfr ls vkids ikl vk, vkSj vkidks dqjS'k ds bl u, bjknsls voxr djk;kAmlds ckn eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us rqjar ;g fu.kZ; fy;k fd bllsiwoZ fd dqjS'k enhus ij dksbZ dk;Zokgh djs gesa muij geyk cksy nsukpkfg,A lgkck ml le; ;|fi Fkds gq, Fks mlds mijkar og rS;kjgks x,A vki lgkck dks ysdj gejk&myvln dh vksj py iM+sA ;g;k=k vfu;fer rkSj ij iwjs ,syku ds lkFk dh xbZA eqlyeku iwjsjkLrs vYykgq vdcj ds ukjs yxk jgs FksA x+To% gejk vy&vln dkmÌs'; tax ugha Fkk cfYd dqjS'k dks Hk;Hkhr djuk Fkk rkfd oks enhukdh vksj c


130iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouijUrq tc vkidks lwpuk feyrh fd fojks/kh ny vkØe.k djus okykgS rks vki rRdky dk;Zokgh djrs A bl izdkj dh ftu eqfgekas esa vkiLoa; 'kkfey jgs mudks x+T+o% dgk x;k vkSj ftu eqfgeksa eas vkius viusfdlh lkFkh dks ljnkj cuk dj Hkstk mldks fo'ks"kr% ljh;k dgk x;kAfgtjr ds pkSFks o"kZ eqgjZe fnukad ,d dks vkidks lwpuk feyhfd [k+qoSfyn ds csVs rqySgk ,oa lyek eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ls eqdkcykdjus ds fy, vius yksxkas dks bdÍk dj jgs gSaA rks vkius vcw lyekfcu vCnqYykg dks 150 eqgkftjhu vkSj vulkj ds lkFk eqdkcys dsfy, HkstkA oks yksx bl lwpuk ds feyrs gh Hkkx x;sArqySgk fcu [k+qoSfyn us ckn dks bLyke d+cwy dj fy;kA ijUrqgTkjr eqgEen ds fu/ku ds i'pkr bLyke ls fQj x;sA vcw cØflÌhd+ us muls eqdkcyk djus ds fy, [k+kfyn fcu oyhn dks HkstkrqySgk Hkkx dj 'kke pys x,A ijUrq ckn esa i'pkrki gqvk vkSj nksckjkbLyke viuk fy;kA vkSj eqlyekuksa ds lkFk eqfgeksa eas cjkcj 'kkfeyjgsA gt+jr mej ds 'kklu dky esa tax&d+knfl;k vkSj ekjdk fugkoUneas Hkh LkkFk jgsA dgk tkrk gS ekjdk fugkoUn eas 'kghn gq,A rqySgk dsnqljs HkkbZ lyek eqlyeku ugha gq,Ajthv dh ?kVuklQ+j 4 fgtjhvt+y vkSj dkjk d+chys ds dqN yksx eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds iklvk, vkSj dgk fd gekjs leqnk; us bLyke dcwy dj fy;k gSA dqN,sls yksx gekjs LkkFk dj nhft;s tks gedks dqjku i


131iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouysg;ku dks lwfpr dj fn;k] cuw ysg;ku vius nks lkS vkneh ftuesa,d LkkS rhjvankt+ ¼rhj pykus okys½ Fks ysdj eqlyekuksa ds ihNs yxx;sA tc og yksx fudV vk x;s rks gtjr vkfle vius lkfFk;ksalfgr ,d igkM+h ij p


132iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulgk;rk nsus ls budkj dj fn;kAvkfej fcu rqQSy tc muls fujk'k gks x;k rks cuw lyhe lslgk;rk ekaxhA vfl¸;k] jvy vkSj t+d+oku oxZ lgk;rk nsus ds fy,rS;kj gks x, vkSj lcus feydj yxHkx lkjs lgkck dks fujijk/k'kghn dj MkykAx+T+o% cuh ut+hjjchmy vOoy 4 fgtjhmej fcu me;~;k t+Ekjh tc csj&eÅuk ls okil ykSV jgs Fksrks cuw vkfej ds nks cqrizLr lkFk gks fy,A oks d+ukr uked LFkkuij igqap dj ,d ckx+ esa foJke ds fy, :ds tc nksuksa lks x, rcmej fcu me;~;k t+ejh us izfr’kks/k esa mu nksuska dk o/k dj Mkyk vkSjenhuk igq¡p dj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks lkjh ?kVuk dk fooj.k fn;kAvkius dgk gekjh muls laf/k gS mudks fn;r (compensation) nsukvko';d gSAcuh ut+hj Hkh D;ksa fd cuw vkfej ds lkFk laf/k esa 'kkfey Fks] blfy;s laf/k ds vuqlkj fn;r dk dqN Hkkx muds ft+Eesa Hkh vkrk FkkAblh ifjos'k eas gTk+jr eqgEen dqN lkfFk;ksa ds lkFk cuw ut+hj ds iklx,A cuw ut+hj us mijh rkSj ij izlUurk fn[kkbZ vkSj fn;r esa Hkkxysus dk opu fn;kA ijUrq mUgksaus vkil esa lykg djds ;g r; fd;kfd ,d O;fDr Åij ls Hkkjh iRFkj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds Åij fxjk nsrkdh vki blesa nc dj ej tk,saAeqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ vHkh cSBs gh Fks fd ogh ¼[k+qnk }kjk Hkstk x;klans'k½ }kjk vkidks muds "kM;a= ds ckjs essa lwfpr fd;k x;kA vkirqjar ogk¡ ls mBdj enhuk ykSV vk,A vkSj cuw ut+hj ij vkØe.k dkvkns'k fn;kA vkius vCnqYykg fcu mEes eDrwe dks enhuk dk dk;ZHkkjlksaik vkSj Loa; cuw ut+hj dh vksj py iM+s vkSj tkdj mudk ?ksjko


133iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudj fy;kA cuw ut+hj vius fdys eas ?kql x;s vkSj mlds }kj cUn djfy;sA cuw ut+hj ds fo'okl ?kkr vkSj opu&Hkatu ds dkj.k vkiusmuij vkØe.k dk vkns'k fn;kA 15 fnuks rd mudks ?ksjs esa j[kk vkSjmuds o`{kksa ds dkVs tkus vkSj ckx+ksa ds tykus dk vkns'k fn;kA var%mUgksaus vkReleiZ.k dj fn;kAvkius dgk nl fnu dk le; gS enhuk [kkyh dj nksA taxhlkeku ds vfrfjDr ftruk lkeku Å¡Vksa vkSj lokfj;ksa ij ys tk ldrsgks ys tkvks bldh vuqefr gSSA ;gwn ds lkFk ;g ekeyk mudh ifo=fdrkc rkSjkr ds vuqlkj fd;k x;kA D;ksafd rkSjkr esa fo'okl?kkr dknaM ns’k fudkyk gSAx+T+o% t+krqj~fjd+kvtqeknqy&Åyk 4 fgtjhx+T+o% cuw ut+hj ds ckn jchmy&vOoy ds eghus ls ysdjtqeknqy Åyk eghus ds vkjaHk rd gt+jr eksgEEkn enhuk esa gh jgsA'kq: tekfny Åyk esa vkidks ;g lwpuk feyh fd cuh eqgkfjc vkSjcuh lvyck vki ls eqdkcyk djus ds fy, lsuk bdëh dj jgs gSaAvki us pkj lks lkfFk;ksa ds lkFk utn dh vksj izLFkku fd;kA gt+jreqgEen tc ogk¡ igq¡ps rks x+rQku leqnk; ds dqN yksx feys] ijUrq;q) ugha gqvkA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us yksxksa dks lykr vy [kkSQ ¼Mj dsoD+r dh nqvk vkSj uekt+½ i


134iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourqedks esjs gkFk ls dkSu cpk,xkA vki us dgk fd vYykg] mlds cknmlus ryokj j[k nhA vc vkius ryokj gkFk esa ysdj dgk rqedkseq>ls dkSu cpk,xkA oks ?kcjk x;kA vkius mldks bLyke ds ckjs eascrk;k] mlus dgk vc ls eSa vkids fo:) ;q) ugha d:¡xkA dqN le;ds ckn mlus bLyke viuk fy;kAx+T+o% cnj ekSbn'kkcku 4 fgtjhx+T+o% t+krqfjZd+kv ls okilh ds ckn jtc ds eghus ds var rdgt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ enhus esa jgsA mgn ls okil ykSVrs gq, vcwlqQ;ku us dgk Fkk fd vkxkeh o"kZ cnj ds LFkku ij eqdkcyk gksxkAblfy;s gt+jr eqgEen 1500 lkfFk;ksa ds lkFk cnj jokuk gq,A cnjigq¡p dj vkB fnu vcw lqQ;ku dh izfr{kk dhA vcq lqQ;ku vkSjeDdk oklh ejsZ&Tk+gjku uked LFkku rd vk,] ijUrq eqdkcys dklkgl ugha dj ik, vkSj ;g dg dj ykSV x;s fd ;g o"kZ vdky vkSjeagxkbZ dk gSA ;q) vkSj laxzke dk ughaA gt+jr eqgEen vkB fnu dhizfr{kk ds ckn fcuk fdlh eqMHksM+ ds okil ykSV vk,Ax+T+o% nwerqy&tUnyjchmy vOoy 5 fgtjhekg jchmy vOoy 5 fgtjh esa vki dks ;g lwpuk feyh dhnkSerqy tUny ds yksx enhuk ij vkØe.k djuk pkgrs gSaA vki ,dgtk+j lgkck ds lkFk nkSerqy tUny dh vksj jokuk gq,A og yskxlekpkj feyrs gh Hkkx x, vkSj vki fcuk fdlh eqMHksM+ ds okil vkx,A bl rjg dh lHkh eqgheksa dk mÌs'; ;gh FkkA okLro esa ;g eqfgeas;q) ds fy, ughaa oju~ foi{kh nyksa dks Hk;Hkhr djus ds fy, gksrh FkhArkdh mu yksxksa dk gkSlyk VwV tk, vkSj ;q) fd fLFkfr mRiUu u gksA


135iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoux+T+o% eqj;lhv ;k cuh&vy eqLryd+'kkcku 5 fgtjhgt+jr eqgEen dks enhus eas ;g lwpuk feyh fd cuh vy eqLryd+ds ljnkj gkfjl fcu vch t+qjkjk us ,d cM+h lsuk bdëk dh gS vkSj;kstuk eqlyekuksa ij vkØe.k djus dh gSA vkius cqjSnk fcu glhcvlyeh dks okLrfodrk tkuus ds fy;s HkstkA cqjSnk us lkekpkj dslR; gksus dh iqf"V dhA rc gt+jr eqgEen us vius lkfFk;ksa dks rS;kjhdk vkns'k fn;kA lgkck rqjar rS;kj gks x;sA rhl ?kksM+s lkFk fy;sftuesa nl eqgkftjksa ds Fks vkSj chl vulkj ds FksA enhus esa tS+n fcugkfjl dks vius LFkku ij fu;qDr fd;kA vkSj mEeqy eksfeuhu gt+jrvk;'kk flíhdk+ vkSj mEes lyek dsk lkFk ysdj eqdkcys ds fy;s izLFkkufd;kA blesa eqlyekuksa dks fot; izkIr gqbZA bl volj ij ,d ?kVukgqbZA ;k=k ds chp ikuh ds ,d dqaM ij eqgkftj vkSj vulkj ds chpfookn gks x;kA ml le; eqgktjhu us ,s eqgkftj vkSj vulkj us ,svulkj dgdj vius yksxkas dks vkokt+ yxkbZA gt+jr eqgEen us tc;g vkoktsa lquh rks dgk ;g vKkurk dh vkoktas dSlhA yksxkas usvkidks fLFkfr ls voxr djk;kA vki us dgk ^^ bu ls cpks ;g xanhvkSj cncqnkj gSaSA**b+d okyh ?kVukb+d okyh ?kVuk Hkh blh ;k=k esa is'k vkbZA gtjr vk;'kk bl;k=k esa lkFk FkhaA okilh es lsuk enhuk ds fudV ,d LFkku ij fOkJkedjus ds fy;s :dhA gtjr vk;'kk vko';drk iqfrZ ds fy;s lsukls dqN nwj pyh xbZa] okilh esa mudh ekyk VwV dj fxj xbZ] mldks[kkstus esa nsj gks xbZA bl chp lsuk dks pyus dk vkns'k ns fn;k x;kAgksnt ds inZs fxjs gq, Fks] yksxksa dks vuqeku gqvk dh gtjr vk;'kk


136iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvUnj gSa] blfy;s mUgksaus gkSnt dks Å¡V ij j[kk vkSj py iM+sA tcgtjr vk;'kk ykSV dj vkbZa rks ogk¡ dksbZ u FkkA oks mlh LFkku ijpknj yisV dj ysV xbZaAlQoku fcu eqvÙky tks dkfQys dh fxjh iM+h oLrqvksa dks mBkusds fy;s ihNs jgk djrs FksA fu;ekuqlkj ogka vk,A mUgksaus gtjrvk;'kk dks igpku fy;k mudks ns[kdj bUuk&fyYykg&o&bZUukbySg&jkftÅu ¼lc dqN vYykg ds lqiqnZ½ i


137iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouesa ftruh [ktwjsa vk,saxh] izfro"kZ mldk vk/kk ge rqedks fn;k djsaxsaA;g lqudj og yksx rS;kj gks x,] d+qjS'k igys ls gh rS;kj FksAbl izdkj vcw lqQ;ku ds usr`Ro esa nl gt+kj ls vf/kd yksxkssadh lsuk bdÍk gks xbZA bu lcus feydj enhus dh vksj dwp fd;kAgt+jr eqgEen dks tc ;g lqpuk feyh] rks vkius vius lkfFk;ksa lsfopkj&foe'kZ fd;kA lyeku Qkjlh us [k+Und ¼[kkbZ½ [kksnus ds rjhdsdh lykg nhA vki us bl izLrko dks ilUn fd;kA vkSj nl&nlvknfe;ksa ij nl&nl xt+ t+ehu ¼Hkwfe½ ck¡V nh xbZA lgkck ds lkFkLoa; gt+jr eqgEen Hkh [kkbZ [kksnus esa 'kkfey FksA;|fi [kkbZ dk ;g rjhd+k vjcksa ds fy, u;k FkkA ijUrq tax lscpus dh mÙke rnchj FkhA blh dkj.ko'k vkius bldks ilan fd;kAeqlyeku [kkbZ [kksndj iwjk gh dj ik, Fks fd dqjS'k nl gt+kj ls vf/kd vknfe;ksa dh lsuk ysdj enhuk vk igq¡psA tc bu yksxksa us ckgj[kkbZ ns[kh rks vk'p;Zpfdr jg x,] vr% [kkbZ ds ckgj iM+ko Mkyfn;kA rhu LkIrkg rd ;gh fLFkfr cuh jgh] ijUrq vkeus&lkeus dhyM+kbZ ugha gqbZA dsoy ,d ;k nks rhj pykus dh ?kVuk gqbZAx+T+o% [k+Und bLyke ds bfrgkl esa lcls vf/kd fo”ke FkhAdqjvku esa blds ckjs eas gS ^^fd tc rqEgkjs Åij 'k=q p


138iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulsuk us enhus dks ?ksj fy;k] vkSj enhus ds Hkhrjh Hkkx eas jgus okyk;gwnh Hkh muds lkFk gks x;kA enhus esa eqlyekuksa dh dqy la[;k rhugt+kj Fkh ftuesa ls vPNh [k+klh la[;k mu equkfQ+d+hu ¼eu esa diVj[kus okys yksx½ dh Fkh tks fo'okl ds ik= ugha FksAbl volj ij gt+jr eqgEen us tks taxh mik; viuk;k vjcmlls vHkh rd ifjfpr ugha FksA enhus dh [kqyh fn'kk dh vksj [kkbZZ[kksn nh xbZ FkhA rhu lIrkg rd bl ?ksjko ds le; blh us nksuksa dschp jksd dk dke fd;k FkkA bLyke ds fojksf/k;ksa dh lsuk vHkh enhusesa ?kql ugha ikbZ Fkh fd ,d Hkh”k.k vk¡/kh vkbZ ftlls fojksf/k;ksa dsracq m[kM+ x,A vkSj dadM+h;k¡ vk&vk dj muds eq[k ij yxus yxhaAmuds pqYgs cq> x, vkSj crZu t+ehu ij tk fxjsA ?kksM+s jLlh rksM+kdj Hkkxus yxsA bu lkjh ?kVukvksa ls 'k=q dh lsuk ckS[kyk xbZA ;gk¡rd fd foo'k gksdj mUgksaus ;q) dk fopkj cny fn;k] vkSj okilykSV x,A ml le; ifjLFkfr;k¡ bruh fodV Fkha fd gt+jr eqgEends ,d lkFkh eqvÙkc fcu dq'kSj ds eq[k ls ;g fudy x;k fd]^^eqgEengesa vk'oklu nsrs gaS fd gesa 'kkldksa ds jktdks"k feysaxs] vkt gekjk,d O;fDr vius vkidks bruk Hkh lqjf{kr ugha ikrk fd oks 'kkSpky;pyk tk,** ¼lhjr bCu fg'kke] Hkkx 3] i`"V% 138½,d vksj bruh fodV ifjfLFkfr;k¡ Fkha] Bhd mlh le; ;g ?kVuk?kVh] fd tc eqLkyeku [k+Und [kksn jgs Fks] ,d Hkkjh pêku mudslkeus vk xbZ] ftl ij mudh dqnky dke ugha dj jgh FkhA mUgksauseqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks bl ckjs eas crk;kA vki pêku ds ikl vk,] dqnkyvius gkFk eas yh vkSj fcfLeYykg dgdj ml ij pksV ekjh oks igyhgh ckj esa ,d frgkbZ VqV xbZA vki us Qjek;k % ^^vYykgq&vdcj eq>s'kke dh dqaft;k¡ ns nh xbZaA** fQj nksckjk dqnky ekjh rks nqljk frgkbZHkkx VqV x;kA vki us dgk ^^vYykgq &vdcj eq>s Qkjl ¼Persia½ dh


139iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudqaft;k¡ ns nh xbZaA [k+qnk dh dle eSa enkbZu ¼Midian½ ds fdyksa dksns[k jgk gq¡A** fQj vki us rhljh dqnky ekjh rks pÍku dk ‘ks”k HkkxHkh VqV x;kA vki us dgk ^^vYykgq&vdcj eq>dks ;eu ¼Yemen½ dhdqaft;k¡ ns nh xbZaA [kqnk dh d+le eSa bl LFkku ls luvk ds njokt+sns[k jgk gq¡A** ¼lhjr bZCu dlhj% 194½bl ?ksjkcUnh ds le; xrQku ifjokj ds ,d lEekfur O;fDruq,se fcu elÅn iSx+Ecj bLyke ds ikl vk, vkSj bLyke dcwy djfy;k] vkSj dgk vHkh esjs bLyke ykus dk ppkZ ugha gqvk gS] ;fn vkivuqefr nsa rks dksbZ mik; d:¡A vki us vuqefr ns nh vkSj dgk ^^;q)uke gS rnchj vkSj tksM+&rksM+ djus dkA**uq,se fcu elwn us dqN ,slk mik; fd;k fd dqjS'k vkSj cuwd+qjSt+k eas QqV iM+ xbZA cuw ut+hj us dqjS'k dh lgk;rk ls gkFk [khapfy,] vkSj blh ds lkFk rhozxfr dh gok pyhA bl izdkj vYykg useqf'jdhu ds eu esa Hk; Mky fn;k] muds ik¡o m[kM+ x,A varr% fojks/kh fujk'k gksdj okil ykSV x,Ax+T+o% cuw d+qjSt+kt+hd+knk 5 fgtjhx+T+o% [k+Und+ ds lekIr gksus ds ckn eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us mlhfnu cuw d+qjStk+ ij vkØe.k djus dk vkns'k ns fn;kA cuw d+qjSt+kij p


140iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouigq¡pus dh ps"Vk djsaA blh volj ij vkius dgk Fkk dh dksbZ O;fDrcuw d+qjSt+k dh cfLr;ksa esa igq¡pus ls iqoZ vlj dh uekt+ u iaMk nsdj jokuk fd;kAmlds ckn gt+jr eqgEen us Loa; ogk¡ igq¡pdj cuw d+qjSt+kdk ?ksjko dj fy;kA ;g ?ksjko 25 fnu rd pykA bl yacs ?ksjko dsckn varr% oks ckr djus ds fy, rS;kj gks x,] fd tks gtjr eqgEenvkns'k nsa] gesa Lohdkj gksxkA vki us mudks ;g lans'k Hkstk ^^fd D;krqe blij lger gks fd rqEgkjk fu.kZ; rqe esa dk gh ,d O;fDr djsA**mUgksus dgk dh gk¡ ;k jlwyqYykg] lkn fcu evkt+ tks fu.kZ; djsa oksgesa Lohdkj gksxkA bl fy, lkn fcu eqvkt+ dks cqyk;k x;k] vki usdgk lkn mu yksxksa us viuk QSlyk rqEgsa lkSaik gSAgtjr lkn us rkSjkr ¼The Old Testament½ ds vuqlkj] ;gfu.kZ; fn;k fd muds yM+us okyksa dk o/k dj fn;k tk,] efgykvksavkSj cPps nkl cuk fy;s tk,as vkSj mudh lkjh laifÙk eqlyekuksa esack¡V nh tk,Alfj¸;k eqgEen fcu eqfLyek vulkjh ¼jft+Œ½eqgjZe&vygjke 6 fgtjhgt+jr eqgEen us 10 ewgjZe 6 fgtjh dks rhl lokjksa dh ,dVqdM+h eqgEen fcu eqfLyek vulkjh dhs v/;{krk esa d+jrk uked LFkkudh vksj HksthA izfr}afn;ksa ls eqMHksM+ gqbZ vkSj eqlyeku fot;h gq,Abl lfj;k esa eqlyekuksa us cuh guhQk oxZ ds eqf[k;k lqekekfcu mlky dks cUnh cuk dj gt+jr eqgEen ds ikl is'k fd;kA vkius mudks efLtn ds [kEcs ls ck¡/ks tkus dk vkns'k fn;kA ;g blfy;sFkk fd lwekek eqlyekuksa dh bcknr ds rjhds+ dks vkSj [k+qnk ds vkxsmuds lei.kZ dks ns[kasA gt+jr eqgEen tc muds fudV ls gksdj


141iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoutkrs rks iz'u djrs fd ^^,s lqekek esjs ckjs esa rqEgkjk D;k fopkj gSA**oks mÙkj nsrs ;fn vki midkj djsa rks ,d vkHkkjh ij midkj gksxkAgt+jr eqgEen us mudks {kek djds eqDr dj fn;kA lqekek ijmldk ;g izHkko iM+k fd eqDr gksrs gh mUgksusa bLyke dcwy dj fy;kAx+T+o% cuh ysg;kujchmy vOoy 6 fgtjhigyh jchmy vOoy dks gt+jr eqgEen vkfle fcu lkfcr vkSj[k+qcSc fcu vnh vkSj vU; lgkck ftudk jthv uked LFkku ij o/kdj fn;k x;k Fkk] dk cnyk ysus ds fy;s jokuk gq,sA vki ds lkFk200 lokj FksA cuw yg;ku vkidk lkekpkj feyrs gh igkM+ks esa fNix;sA vki ;gk¡ nks fnu :ds vkSj ogk¡ ls fudVorhZ {ks=ksa esa NksVh&NksVheqfgesa HksthaA blh eas ,d eqfge ij gtjr vcw cØ flíhd dks nllokjksa ds lkFk HkstkA mlds ckn jlwyqYykg fcuk fdlh eqMHksM+ dsokil ykSV vk,Ax+T+o% t+h fd+jnjchmYk vOoy 5 fgtjht+h fd+jn ,d daqM ¼spring½ dk uke gSA ;g LFkku csykn&x+rQkuds lehi gS tks fd gt+jr eqgEen dh pjkxkg FkhA m;;uk fcueksgflu Qqtkjh us pkyhl lokjksa ds lkFk bl pjkxkg ij Nkik ekjkvkSj vkidh Å¡Vfu;k¡a ysdj Hkkx x;kA blds vfrfjDr vcwt+j ds csVstks Å¡Vfu;ksa dh ns[k js[k ij fu;qDr Fks dk o/k dj MkykA vkSj mudhiRuh dks mBk dj Yks x;kAlyek fcu vdok dks tSls gh ;g lwPkuk feyh] mUgksaus ,d Vhysij [kM+s gksdj ^^;k lckg ¼,s yksxkas½ ds rhu ukjs yxk,A ftlls iwjk


142iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouenhuk xwat mBk] vkSj fQj mudk ihNk djus ds fy;s HkkxsA lyekfcu vdok rhj pykus esa cgqr fuiq.k Fks] nkSM+dj mudks ikuh ds ,ddqaM ij idM+ fy;kA vkSj muij brus rhj pyk, fd muls lkjhÅ¡Vfu;k¡ eqDr djk yhaAmuds tkus ds ckn gt+jr eqgEen yxHkx ik¡p lkS vkneh ysdjjokuk gq, vkSj vfr'kh?kz ;k=k djds t+h fd+jn dqaM ij igq¡psa vkSj Loa;ds pyus ls iqoZ gt+jr eqgEen vius vkxs dqN lokj Hkst pqds FksAbu ykssxksa us igys igq¡p dj 'k=qvksa ls eqdkcyk fd;kA muds nks yksxekjs x, vkSj ,d eqLkyeku 'kghn gq,Alfj¸;k mdk'kk&fcu eqgflujchmy&vOoy 6 fgtjh,d vkØe.k dk ladsr feyus ds ckn gt+jr eqgEen usmdk'kk&fcu eqgflu dks pkyhl vkneh;ksa ds lkFk x+ez dh vksj HkstkAijUrq og yksx lekpkj ikrs gh Hkkx x,A tc ogk¡ dksbZ ugha feyk rks'kqtkv fcu ogc dks mu yksxksa dk irk djus ds fy, HkstkA ogk¡ ,dO;fDr ls mudk irk fBdkuk feyk vkSj ogha tkdj mudh [kcj yhALfj¸;k eqgEen fcu lyekjch my&vOoy 6 fgtjhjchmy&vOoy 6 fgtjh esa ;g tkudkjh feyh fd cuh lkyckvkSj cuh moky enhus ij p


143iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou,d lkS yksxksa us lglk vkØe.k djds lcdks 'kghn dj MkykA dsoyeqgEen fcu lyek la;ksxo'k cp x,Alfj¸;k vcw mcSnk fcu vy&TkjkZgmijksDr ?kVuk dks lkeus j[k dj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us vcw mcSnkdks pkyhl vknfe;ksa ds lkFk ft+y d+Llk dh vksj HkstkA mUgksaus ogk¡igq¡p dj muls ;q) fd;kA oks ijkftr gksdj Hkkx fudysA bl lfj;sdks ft+y d+Llk lkuh dgk tkrk gS] vFkkZr ft+Yk&d+Llk uked LFkkudk nwljk lfj;kAlfj¸;k tewejchmy&vkf[kj 6 fgtjhblh izdkj ds ,d vkSj vkØe.k dk lekpkj lqudj gt+jreqgEen us t+Sn fcu gkfjlk dks cuh lyhe ls eqdkcyk djus ds fy,tewe dh vksj HkstkA ;g LFkku enhuk ls pkj ehy dh nwjh ij gSA ;gk¡igq¡p dj ,d efgyk }kjk muds fBdkus dh tkudkjh feyhA ekewyheqMHksM+ ds ckn eqLkyeku ogk¡ ls okil ykSV vk,Alfj¸;k bZltekfny&Åyk 6 fgtjheqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks lqpuk feyh fd dqjS'k dk ,d O;kikfjddkfQyk 'kke ls okil YkkSV jgk gSA bl lwpuk ds feyus ds ckn vkius t+Sn fcu gkfjlk dks ,d lks lÙkj lokjksa ds lkFk bZl dh vksj HkstkA;g LFkku enhuk ls pkj fnu dh ;k=k ij leqnz ds rV ij fLFkr gSA;gk¡ ls dqjS'k dk O;kikfjd dkfQyk tk jgk FkkAeqlyekuksa us igq¡p dj d+kfQys okyksa dks cUnh cuk fy;k vkSj


144iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumudh /ku&lEifRr ij dCTk+k dj fy;kA mudks ysdj enhuk vk,AcUnh cuk, yksxksa esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds nkekn vcqyvkl fcu jchvHkh FksA vkidh iq=h gt+jr t+Suc us mudks 'kj.k nh] vkSj vki us Hkhmudks 'kj.k nh] vkSj mudh /ku&laifRr okil ykSVk nhAlfj¸;k rfjQtqekny&m[k+jk 6 fgtjhcuh lkyc eqlyekuksa ds fo:) fouk'kd dk;Zokb;k¡ djrs jgrsFksA bl fy, gt+jr eqgEen us tS+n fcu gkfjl dks 15 yksxksa ds lkFkrfjQ dh vksj HkstkA;g enhuk ls 36 ehy nqjh ij FkkA 'k=q muds vkus dk lekpkjikrs gh Hkkx x;kA vkSj t+Sn fcu gkfjl fcuk fdlh dk;ZokbZ ds okilenhuk vk x,Alfj¸;k fgektqekny&m[k+jk 6 fgtjhnfg;k dYch eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dk i= ysdj dSlj&jkse (Emperorof Rome) ds ikl x, FksA d+Slj us mudks dbZ migkj nsdj okilfd;kA okilh esa tc fgek ds fudV igq¡ps rks gqfu;k tqt+keh us viusoxZ ds yksxksa dks ysdj mu yksxksa ij Mkdk Mkyk] vkSj lkjk lkekuNhu fy;kA fjQkvk fcu t+Sn tqt+keh dks tc bl ?kVuk dh lwpukfeyh rks mUgksaus lkjk lkeku mu yksxksa ls Nhu dj nfg;k dYch dksokil fd;kA tc nfg;k dYch enhuk igq¡ps vkSj gt+jr eqgEen dkslkjk fooj.k fn;k] rks vkius 500 lgkck dks t+Sn fcu gkfjlk ds usr`Roesa jokuk fd;kA bl eqfge esa eqlyekuksa dks lQyrk feyhA tqt+keleqnk; ds lkFk fjQ+kvk fcu tS+n ds yksx Hkh jgrs Fks] tks eqlyeku Fks]


145iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoux+yrh ls mudh efgyk,sa vkSj cPps Hkh cUnh cuk fy, x,A blds cknfjQkvk enhuk vk, vkSj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks iwjh fLFkfr dh tkudkjhnhA vki us vkns'k fn;k fd lkjs cafn;ksa dks eqDr dj fn;k tk, vkSjmudh lkjh /ku&lEifÙk ykSVk nh tk,Alfj¸;k oknh&mydqjkjtc 6 fgtjhjtc 6 fgtjh esa cuh Qqt+kjk leqnk; ds ckjs esa tkudkjh feyhfd oks enhus esa ng'kr QSykus dh ;kstuk cuk jgs gSaA bl fy, vkius t+Sn fcu gkfjlk dks cuh Qqt+kjk leqnk; dk gkslyk rksM+us ds fy,vyd+qjk uked LFkku dh vksj HkstkA ogk¡ nksuks esa eqdkcyk gqvk] mldsckn og yksx Hkkx x,A blesa dqN eqlyeku 'kghn gq, vkSj tSn fcugkjhlk dks pksVsa vkbZAljh;k nwerqy&tUny'kkcku 6 fgtjh'kkcku 6 fgtjh esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us gt+jr vCnqjZgeku fcuvkSQ ls dgk% ^^eSa rqEgsa ,d eqfge ij Hkstus okyk gw¡] rqe rS;kj jgukA**vxys fnu gt+jr eqgEen tc uekt+ iaMk nsdj 700 yksxksa ds lkFk nkSerqy&tUny uked LFkku dhvksj HkstkA Hkstrs gq, vki us mudks ;g mins'k fn;k fd csbZekuh udjuk] x+nj u djuk] fdlh ds ukd vkSj dku u dkVuk] cPps dk o/ku djuk] bLyke dk lans'k nsuk] ;fn oks yksx bLyke ds lans'k dkseku ysa rks ogk¡ ds ljnkj dh csVh ls fookg djus es ladksp u djukAvCnqjZgeku fcu vkSQ us ogk¡ igq¡pus ds ckn yksxksa dks bLyke dk


146iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulans'k fn;kA rhu fnu rd cjkcj mudks bLyke dk lans'k nsrs jgsArhljs fnu nkSerqy&tUny ds ljnkj vlck fcu mej us bLyke dcwydj fy;k] vkSj muds lkFk vU; cgqr lkjs yksxksa us HkhA vkSj mudhcsVh rekt+j dk fookg vCnqjZgeku fcu vkSQ ls gqvkA vcw lyek fcuvCnqjZgeku rkcbZ ¼oks yksx ftUgksaus eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds lkFkh;ksa dksns[kk gS½ bUgha ds csVs FksA bl fookg dk mís'; ikfjokfjd laca/k LFkkfirdj ds mudks bLyke ds fudV ykuk FkkAlfj¸;k fQnd'kkcku 6 fgtjh'kkcku 6 fgtjh esa eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dks lwpuk feyh fd d+chykcuh lkn fcu cØ us [kS+cj leqnk; dh lgk;rk ds fy, fQnd ukedLFkku ds fudV lsuk bdÎk dh gSA vkius gt+jr vyh dks 200 vknfe;ksads lkFk fQnd dh vksj HkstkA ekxZ esa ,d O;fDr feyk iqNrkN ls irkpyk fd oks cuh lkn dk xqIrpj gSA mls 'kj.k nsdj cuh lkn dkfBdkuk iwNk] mlus irk Bhd&Bhd Ckrk fn;kA og crk, gq, irs ijigq¡ps vkSj ogk¡ igq¡p dj ;q) fd;kA og yksx Hkkx x, vkSj eqlyekudke;kc gksdj okil yksVsALkfj¸;k mEes fd+jQkjet+ku 6 fgtjhmEes fd+jQk ,d efgyk dk miuke (surname) Fkk] mldk ukeQkfrek fcUr jchvk FkkA ;g efgyk cuh Q+qt+kjk leqnk; dh ljnkjFkhA t+Sn fcu gkfjl ,d ckj viuh O;kikfjd lkexzh ysdj tkrs gq,bl vksj ls xqt+jsA Ckuh QqTk+kjk ds yksxksa us mudks ekj dj t+[+eh djfn;k vkSj lkjh lkexzh Nhu yhA Tk+Sn enhuk okil vk x,A tc gt+jr


147iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqgEen dks bl ?kVuk dh lwpuk feyh] rks vkius mudk lkgl rksM+usds fy, ,d lsuk t+Sn ds usr`Ro esa Hksth tks fot;h gksdj okil ykSVhAlfj¸;k vCnqYykg fcu jokgk'kOoky 6 fgtjhvcw jkQsv ds ekjs tkus ds ckn ;gwn us mlSj fcu fjt+ke dks viukljnkj cuk;kA mlus gt+jr eqgEen ls eqdkcyk djus dh rS;kjh;k¡vkjaHk dj nhaA dchyk x+rQku vkSj vU; leqnk; ds yksxksa dks vkidsfo:) rS;kj fd;kA vkidks tc bldh tkudkjh feyh rks vkius fLFkfrdh leh{kk ds fy;s vCnqYykg fcu jokgk dks HkstkA vCnqYykg fcu jokgkus vkdj [kcj ds lR; gksus dh iqf"V dhA gt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ usrhl yksxksa ds lkFk vCnqYykg fcu jokgk dks Hkstk fd oks muds yksxkasdks cqyk dj yk,sa vkSj vkids lkFk mudh ekSf[kd ckr&fpr gks ldsAmlSj fcu fjt+ke Hkh vius rhl yksxksa ds lkFk pykA jkLrs easmldk bjknk (intention) cny x;kA vkSj mlus Ny ls eqlyekuksadh gR;k djuh pkgh] ftlds dkj.k nksuksa i{kksa esa yM+kbZ fNM+ xbZ]ifjek.kr% ;gwfn;ksa dks Hkkjh gkfu vkSj ijkt; dk lkeuk djuk iM+kALfj¸;k dq+tZ+ fcu tkfcj vy&Qsgjh'kOoky 6 fgtjh'kOOky 6 fgtjh esa vDdy vkSj mjSuk leqnk; ds dqN yksxkas usenhuk vkdj bLyke dcwy dj fy;kA dqN fnu ds i'pkr mUgksausdgk fd gekjk O;olk; i'kqikyu gSA gekjh thfodk nw/k ij pyrhgSA ge yksxksa dks vukt dh vknr ugha gS] vkSj enhus dh tyok;q Hkhgekjs fy, vuqdwy ughaA ;fn gedks uxj ds ckgj dqckZuh ds Å¡Vks esajgus vkSj nw/k ihus dh vuqefr ns nh tk, rks mÙke gksxkA


148iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougt+jr eqgEen us vkKk ns nhA og yksx ogk¡ jgus yxsA dqN ghle; esa ;g yksx g"V&iq"V gks x;sA mlds ckn og yksx bLyke lsfQj x;sA mu yksxksa us ogk¡ fu;qDr pjokgs (herdsman) dh gR;k djnh vkSj lkjs Å¡V Hkxk ys x;sA gt+jr eqgEen dks tc bl ?kVuk dhtkudkjh feyh rks vkius dqt+Z fcu tkfcj vy&Qsgjh dks 20 vknfe;ksads lkFk mudk ihNk djus ds fy;s HkstkA lc cUnh cuk fy;s x;sAvkiuss fd+lkl ¼[k+wu dk cnyk ysus dk fu;e½ dk vkns'k fn;kA ftlizdkj mUgksaus pjokgs dh gR;k dh Fkh mlh izdkj mudk o/k fd;k x;kAcvl mej fcu me¸;k t+eqjhvcw lqQ;ku us ,d ckj ,d tulewg ds chp ;g dgk fd]^^D;kdksbZ O;fDr gS tks tkdj eqgEen dk o/k djsA** ,d vkjkch ¼vjcnsgkrh½ us dgk eaaaS bl dk;Z esa cgqr fuiq.k gwaA ;fn rqe esjh lgk;rkdjks rks bl dk;Z dks eSa dj ldrk gw¡A vcw lqQ;ku us mldks lokjhds fy, ,d Å¡Vuh vkSj ;k=k [kpZ fn;k] lkFk gh lgk;rk dk vk'oklufn;kA oks enhus dh vksj py iM+kA ml le; gt+jr eqgEen efLtncuh vCnqy v'kgy esa FksA oks vjch ogha igq¡pk mldks lkeus vkrkns[kdj vki us dgk]^^;s fdlh cqjs bjkns ls vk jgk gSA** mlSn fcugqtS+j mBs vkSj ml vkjkch dks idM+ fy;k] mlus vius diM+ksa esa ,d[katj ¼Dagger½ fNik j[kk Fkk] tks NwV dj fxj x;kA vki us iz'ufd;k lp crkvks] fdl bjkns ls vk, gks! mlus dgk ;fn tku dhveku ¼laj{k.k½ gks rks crkÅ¡A vki us dgk rqe lqjf{kr gksA vjch uslkjh ?kVuk dg lqukbZA vki us mldks eqDr dj fn;kA mlds cknml vkjkch us bLyke dcwy dj fy;kAbl ?kVuk ds mijkar jlwyqYykg us mej fcu me¸;k t+ejh vkSjlyek fcu vlye vulkjh dks eDdk Hkstk fd tkdj vcw lqQ;kudks psrkouh nsaA tc ;s nksuksa eDdk igq¡ps rks pkgk fd loZizFke efLtn


149iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougjke ¼[k+kuk&dkck½ esa tkdj rokQ+ ¼pDdj½ dj ysaA vcq lqQ;kuus mudks ns[k fy;k vkSj Å¡ps Loj esa ph[kk ^^ns[kks ;s yksx naxk djusvk, gSaA** mej fcu mEe;k us vius lkFkh ls dgk fd vcw lqQ;ku dsfo:) vc dksbZ dk;Zokgh laHko ughaA mfpr gS fd vc ge ;gk¡ lsokil ykSV tk,saA blfy;s og yksx okil enhuk vk x;sAgqnSfc;k laf/kthdk+nk 6 fgtjhgqnSfc;k ,d dq,a dk uke gS] ;g xk¡o blh ds fudV fLFkr gSblh dkj.ko'k bldks gqnSfc;k dgk tkus yxkA ;g LFkku eDdk lsukS ehy dh nwjh ij gSAgt+jr eqgEen us enhus esa liuk ns[kk] fd vki vkSj vkids lkFkheDdk igq¡ps] vkSj ogk¡ mUgksaus mejk fd;kA bl lius ds i'pkr gt+jreqgEen igyh t+hd+knk] 6 fgtjh dks vius yxHkx 1500 vlgkc ¼lkFkh½ftlesa vulkj vkSj eqgkftjhu nksauks lfEefyr Fks] ysdj mejk ds mÌs';ls eDdk dh vksj py iM+sA D;ksafd mÌs'; ;q) ugha Fkk] blfy;s dsoy;k=k lkexzh lkFk yh] mlds vfrfjDr vius lkFk dqN ugha j[kkAcqLj fcu vch lqQ;ku dks xqIrpj cuk dj vkxs dqjS'k dh vksj HkstkAtc x+nhj v'krkr uked LFkku ij eqgEen vkSj muds lkFkh igqWpsrks xqIrpj us vkdj lwpuk nh fd dqjS'k us vkids vkus dk lkekpkjlqudj lsuk bdëk dh gS vkSj mUgksaus fu'p; fd;k gS fd gt+jr eqgEendks eDdk eas izos'k ugha djus nasxsA vkSj lkekpkj ;g Hkh gS dh [kkfynfcu oyhn nks lkS lokjksa dh VqdM+h ysdj vehe uked LFkku rd igqappqdas gSaA tc ;g lkekpkj feyk rks Vdjko ls cpus ds fy;s vki uslkekU; ekXkZ NksM+dj nqljs ekxZ ls gqnSfc;k igq¡ps] ;gk¡ ij viuk iM+koMkydj [k+jZk'k fcu me¸;k [k+qt+kbZ dks eDdk ;g lans'k nsdj Hkstk fd


150iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouoks bl ckr dk Lif"Vdj.k nsa fd ge dsoy cSrqYykg ¼[k+kuk&dkck½ds nZ'ku djus ds fy;s vk, gSa] ;q) ds fy;s ughaA [k+jkZ'k fcu me¸;ktc eDdk igqWps rks mu yksxkas us mu dks idM+ fy;k vkSj mudh gR;kdjuh pkgh] ijUrq dqN yksxkas us gLr{ksi djds mudks cpk fy;kAokil ykSVdj mUgksaus iqjh ?kVuk dh tkudkjh gt+jr eqgEen dks nhAmlds ckn bl fo"k; ij dqjS'k ls vkxs rd ckr&Pkhr gksrh jgh];gk¡ rd fd cqnSy fcu ojdk [k+qt+kvk d+chys ds dqN yksxksa ds lkFkvkids ikl vk;k vkSj dqjS'k dk n`f"Vdks.k vkids le{k j[kkA gt+jreqgEen us dgk]^^ge ;q) djus ugha vk, gSa] ge mejk djus ds fy;svk, gSaA ;fn oks pkgsa rks ,d fu/kkZfjr vof/k ds fy;s 'kkafr le>kSrkdj fy;k tk,] vkSj bl vof/k esa ,d i{k nqljs i{k ds lkFk dksbZZgLr{ksi Uk djsAokil tkdj cqnSy us dqjS'k dks crk;k fd gt+jr eqgEen ;q)ds mÌs'; ls ugha vk, gSaA og dsoy mejk vkSj laf/k pkgrs gSaA ;glqudj mjok fcu elÅn tks vius leqnk; esa cgqr ghs lEekfur yksxksaesa ls Fkk] mBdj dgk] ^^yksxks] eqgEen us rqEgkjh HkykbZ dh ckr dghgS] bldks vo'; Lohdkj dj yks] vkSj eq>s vuqefr nks fd eSa eqgEenls ckr&phr d:¡] yksx rS;kj gks x;sAmjok gt+jr eqgEen ds ikl vk, vkSj ckr vkjaHk dhA gt+jreqgEen us ogh ckr dgh tks cqnSy ls dgh FkhA okil tkdj mjok usdqjS'k dks iqjh ckr crkbZA mjok dh ckr lqudj gyhl fcu vyd+ekdukuh us dgk eq>s eqgEen ds ikl tkus nksA tc jlqYykg us gyhldks vkrs ns[kk rks lgkck ls dgk d+qjckuh ds tkuojksa dks [kM+k djnks D;ksafd ;g O;fDr ,sls ifjokj ls gS tgk¡ d+qckZuh ds tkuojksa dkslEeku fn;k tkrk gSA gyhl d+qckZuh ds tkuojksa dks ns[kdj jkLrs lsgh ykSV x;k] vkSj tkdj d+qjS'k ls dgk] ^^bu yksxksa dks mejk djusnksA** ijUrq d+qjS'k rS;kj ugha gq,A


151iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvarr% d+qjS'k us lqgSy dks viuk izfrfu/kh cuk dj HkstkA tcjlwYykg us lqgSy dks vkrs ns[kk rks dgk% vc rqEgkjk ekeyk ljygks x;kA lqgSy vkids ikl vk;k] vkSj yacs le; rd laf/k vkSj laf/kdh 'krksZa ij ckr phr pyrh jghA tc laf/k dh 'krsaZ r; gks xbZa rkseqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us gt+jr vyh dks laf/k fy[kus dk vkns'k fn;kAlaf/k fd 'krsasZ ;g FkhaA1- nl lky rd vkil eas tax cUnh (no war pact) jgsxhA2- d+qjS'k dk tks O;fDr eqlyeku gksdj enhuk vk tk,xk] mlsokil djuk gksxkA3- tks eqlyeku enhuk ls eDdk vk tk, mldks okil ugha fd;ktk,xkA4- bl chp dksbZ ,d nqljs ij ryokj ugha mBk,xk] vkSj u dksbZfdlh ls fo'okl?kkr djsxk A5- eqgEen bl o"kZ mejk fd, fcuk okil ykSV tk,asA oks vkxkeho"kZ vk,sa vkSj dsoy rhu fnu eDdk esa jgdj mejk djds okilykSV tk,saA6- vU; leqnk;ksa dks vf/kdkj gksxk fd ftl i{k ds lkFk laf/kdjuk pkgsa] dj ldrs gaSAjlwyqYykg us d+qjS'k dh leLr 'krksaZ dks ,drjQk rkSj ij ekufy;kA ijUrq vkids lgkck (companions) dks ;g ckr cgqr gh nq%[knyxh] ;gk¡ rd fd gt+jr mej lgu u dj lds] rc jlwyqYykg usmudks lkaRouk nhA laf/k i= iwjk gksus ds ckn vkius lgkck dks dqckZuhdjus vkSj lj eqaMokus dk vkns'k fn;kA yxHkx nks lIrkg gqnsSfc;kBgjus ds ckn vki okil gks x,A vHkh jkLrs gh esa Fks fd lqjg&vyQrgmrjh] ftlesa [kqyh fot; dk 'kqHk lekpkj FkkA ¼bZUuk Qrguk ydQrge eqchuk½ vFkkZr geus rqedks [kqyh gqbZ Qrg ns nhA


152iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoueqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us lgkck dks ,d LFkku ij bdÎk fd;k vkSj ;gvk;rsa (verses) lqukbZaA bl dks lqudj lgkck us vk'p;Z ls iwNk ^^,s[kqnk ds jlwy] D;k ;g fot; gS] vki us dgk fd gk¡] ;g fot; gSA**ifj.kker% ;g ,d cgqr cM+h fot; fl) gqbZA blls iqoZ tax dkokrkoj.k cus jgus ds dkj.k eqlyekuksaa dk vU; yksxksa ls esy feykiugha FkkA vc tcfd 'kkafr LFkkfir gks xbZ] dyg rFkk 'k=qrk dkokrkoj.k lekIr gqvk rks vkil esa feyus vkSj fopkjksa dk vknku&iznkugksus yxkA bl izdkj yksxksa dks bLyke le>us dk ekSd+k feykA ftldkijh.kke ;g gqvk] fd bruh cM+h la[;k esa yksxksa us bLyke viukuk 'kq:fd;k fd eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds iSXk+Ecj cuk, tkus fd vof/k ls ysdjvcrd bruh cM+h la[;k esa yksx eqlyeku ugha gq, FksAnwljh vksj ,Slk gqvk fd vcqy clhj bLyke d+cwy djds eDdkls enhuk vk,] ijUrq laf/k ds vuqlkj vkius mudks ykSVk fn;kA fdUrqoks eDdk u tkdj leqnz ds rV ij pys x,] vkSj ogha iM+ko Mkyfn;kA mlh ekxZ ls dq+jS'k dk O;kikfjd d+kfQ+yk (caravan) tkrkFkkA vc tks Hkh eqlyeku gks tkrk enhuk tkus ds ctk; ;gha vkdjBgj tkrkA ;gk¡ rd fd 70 yksxksa dk ,d ny cu x;kA ;g yksxd+qjS'k ds d+kfQys dks ijs'kku djrs ftlls d+qjS'k cgqr nq%[kh gks x,Avarr% eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ ds ikl viuk vkneh Hkst dj mu yksxksa us/kkjk 8 dks lekIr djk fn;kAljnkjksa dk bLyke d+cwy djukgqnSfc;k laf/k fnyksa dks fot; djus okyh fl) gqbZA eDdk dscMs+&cM+s ljnkjksa us lqyg gqnSfc;k ds ckn gh bLyke viuk;kA bUghaesa [k+kfyn fcu oyhn fcu rygk rFkk vez fcu&vyvkl gSaA gt+jr[k+kfyn dgrs gSa fd ge rhuksa ,d lkFk eDdk ls enhuk x,A tc


153iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoujlwyqYykg dks gekjs vkus dk lekpkj feyk rks oks cgqr izlUu gq,AvkSj dgk eDdk us vius ftxz&xks'kkas (most-loved) dks gesa ns fn;kA;g lcds lc bLykeh bfrgkl ds lajpd (architect) fl) gq,Afo'o ds 'kkldksa ds uke i=lqyg&gqnSfc;k 6 fgtjh esa gqbZ bl laf/k dks [kqyh Qrg (openvictory) crk;kA vkSj blds lkFk ,d fudV Qrg dk 'kqHk&lekpkjHkh fn;k x;kA vkSj ;g ,d fo'ks"k lgk;rk Fkh tks vYykg dh vksj lsmrkjh xbZ FkhA bldh nwjnf'kZrk ;g Fkh fd bLyke dh vkokguijdxfrfof/k;k¡ vkSj fopkjksa dk vknku&iznku tks tax ds dkj.k vius fy,izos'k }kj ugha ik jgk Fkk] mldks eS=h la/kh vkSj 'kkafr }kjk [kksy fn;ktk,A tks dk;Z v'kkar okrkoj.k esa lkekU; :i ls ugha gks jgk Fkk mldksvuqdwy okrkoj.k fey tk, rkfd mlds vPNs ifj.kke fudy ldsaAlqyg gqnSfc;k bu vFkksZ esa ,d cM+h fot; fl) gqbZA blds }kjk bLyke dk lans'k fcuk fdlh O;o/kku ds nwj nwj rd QSy x;kkAcqrizLrksa dk fojks/k rFkk 'k=qrk tks bl lans'k ds lkoZtfud gksus esack/kk Mky jgh Fkh] bl laf/k }kjk lekIr gks x;hA gtjr eqgEen tcgqnSfc;k ls ykSV dj vk, rc fgtjr ds NVs o"kZ ft+fYgTtk ds eghuseas vkius ckn'kkgksa ds uke i= Hkstus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA rc vki uslgkck dks bdëk dj ds vfHkHkk"k.k (sermon) fn;kA,s yksxks] eq>s lkjs fo'o ds fy, 'kkafr nwr cuk dj Hkstk x;k gSArqe ;g lans'k lkjs fo'o dks ns nks] vYykg rqe ij n;k djsxkkA bZlkds gokfj;ksa ¼gtjr bZlk ds lkFkh½ dh rjg erHksn u djuk fd fudVtkus dks dgk rks lger gks x, vkSj nwj tkus dks dgk rks vius LFkkuij fpid x, vkSj ogk¡ ls u VysALkgkck (companions) us yCcSd ¼ge gkft+j gSa½s dgk vkSj vkns'k


154iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouekuus ds fy;s rS;kj gks x,A blh ds lkFk gt+jr eqgEen dks ;glykg nh fd ckn'kkg yksx ftl i= ij eqgj (stamp) u gks] mldks/;ku nsus ;ksX; ugha le>rs gSaA vkius ;g ckr ilan dh vkSj ,deqgj cuokbZ tks gc'k dh gLrdyk ij vk/kkfjr FkhA ml ij ^^eqgEenjlwyqYykg** vafdr FkkA i= ds fo"k; ds uhps uke ds LFkku ij bleqgj dks yxk dj Hkstk tkrk FkkAblls ;g ckr fl) gksrh gS fd ;fn nwljh dkSeksa esa dksbZ ,slk


155iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoupqds gSa ¼vkys&bZejku% 64½ mijksDr i= vkius nfg;k dych ds }kjkgsjD+y ds ikl HkstkA d+Slj us i= is izlUurk gks jgh gSA vkSj bl rjg lPpkbZ dks tku ysusds mijkar mldks viukus ls oafpr jgkAbl i= eSa jlwYkqYykg us gsjD+y dks egku jkse ls lacksf/kr fd;kAbl ls ;g irk pyk fd non Muslim dks Hkh lacksf/kr djrs gq, mldsin vkSj izfr"Bk dk /;ku j[kuk vko';d gSA vkSj bl lanHkZ esa mldsfo'okl rFkk /kkfeZd vkLFkk ls fookn ugha gksxkA[k+qljks ijost+ ds uke i=dSlj jkse ds gh


156iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoujlwyqYykg us blh izdkj ntZuksa jktkvksa vkSj ljnkjksa ds ukei= fy[ks ftuesa ls dqN us i= ds lkFk vPNk O;ogkj fd;k vkSj dqNus dzks/k izdV fd;k vkSj dqN ,sls Fks ftUgksaus Lohdkj fd;k fd vkivYykg ds iSxEcj gSa ijUrq bZeku ugha yk, mnkgj.kr% ed+ksd+lAdqN ,sls Hkh Fks ftUgksaus i= ikdj izlUurk izdV dh vkSj bZeku yk,mnkgj.kr% utk”kh gC”k+ dk jktkAftu ds uke i= Hksts Xk, mUesa ls dqN egRoiw.kZ uke ;g gSaAckn”kkgjkT;gsjD+y”kkg jkse[k+qljks ijost”kkg Qkjlutk'kh”kkg gC”kked+ksd+l”kkg feLkzeqfUt+j bZCu lkok”kkg cgjsuvCnks tSQ+j”kkgku vksekugkSt+k fcu vyhjbZl ;ekekgkfjl x+Llkuhvehj&nfe”dx+T+o% [kS+cjeqgjZe 7 fgtjhjlwyqYykg ¼lYyŒ½ gqnSfc;k ls ykSV dj enhuk okil vk,A blls iwoZ enhuk ds ;gwnh eDdk ds dqjS”k ls fey dj “kM;a= jprs jgrsFksA enhuk ds ;gwfn;ksa ds mdlkus ij gh dqjS”k us enhuk ij oks vkØe.kfd;k Fkk ftldks x+T+o% vgt+kc dgk tkrk gSSA gqnSfc;k le>kSrs dsckn dqjS”k fdlh taxh dk;Zokgh u djus ds fy;s ck/; gks x,A blizdkj gqnSfc;k laf/k us dqjS”k dks ;gwn ls dkV fn;kAvc eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us ;kstuk cukbZ fd ;gwn dh rkd+r dks


157iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourksM+ fn;k tk, rkfd oks eqlyekuksa ds fo:) yM+kbZ u yM+ ldsa rFkkbLyke dh izpkj izfØ;k esa ok/kk ¼obstacle½ u Mky ldasAgt+jr eqgEen us eksgjZe 7 fgtjh esa [kScj ds ;gwfn;ksa dh vksj:[k fd;kA ml le; vkids ikl 1400 iSny vkSj 100 lokj FksAjkLrs esa tc ,d Å¡ps LFkku ij igq¡ps rks dqN lkfFk;ksa us Å¡ps Loj esavYykgq vdcj dgk] jlwyqYykg us dgk vius Åij n;k djks rqe fdlhcgjs vuqifLFkr ¼deaf/unpresent½ dks ugha iqdkj jgs gksA rqe ml[kqnk dks iqdkj jgs gks tks lquus okyk gS vr% rqEgkjs fudV gSA vkidks;g lwpuk fey pqdh Fkh fd x+rQku us [kScj ds ;gwfn;ksa dh lgk;rkds fy;s lsuk bdëk dh gS blh dkj.k vki us enhus ds fudVorhZ {ks=jthv eas iM+ko Mkyk tc [kScj vkSj x+rQku ds ;gwfn;ksa dks Kkr gqvkrks og yksx okil gks x,A[kScj ds fudV igq¡p dj vki us ,d yach nqvk ¼prayer½ dhmldh vafre iafDr gS]^^,s vYykg ge bl cLrh oklh vkSj blesa ekStwnlkjh pht+ksa dh HkykbZ pkgrs gSa vkSj ge lkjs “kM;a=ksa ¼evil deed½ lsj{kk ek¡axrs gSaA[k+Scj esa ;gwfn;ksa ds cgqr lkjs fdys FksA vkidks ns[k dj oksfdyksa esa can gks x;sA vkius muds fd+yksa ij vkØe.k djuk 'kq: fd;kAvkSj ,d ds ckn ,d djds lkjs fdyksa dks ftrrs pys x,Afd+yk d+ewl ij paMk nsdjHkstkA vkius mudks ;g vkns”k fn;k fd ;q) ls iwoZ ;gwn dks bLykedk lans”k nsukA [kqnk dh d+le ;fn vYykg ,d O;fDr dks Hkh rqEgkjs}kjk lR; dk ekxZ fn[kk ns rks ;g rqEgkjs fy;s yky Å¡Vksa ls vPNk gSATkc lkjs fdys thrs tk pqds rks var es eqlyekuksa us orhg vkSjlykye dk ?ksjko fd;kA 14 fnu ds ?ksjko ds Ik”pkr mu yksxksa us


158iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvki ls fuosnu fd;k fd gedks veku ¼”kj.k½ ns nh tk,A ge [kS+cjdks NksM+ dj fudy tk,asxsA vkius bl izLrko dks Lohdkj dj fy;kAX+kT+o, ewvr%Tkqekny&Åyk 8 fgtjheqvr% ,d LFkku dk uke gS] tks 'kke dh lhek ij fLFkr FkkAgt+jr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us tc ns”k ds ujs”k vkSj jktkvksa ds ukeizpkjd i= fy[ks rks 'kjgchy fcu mej Xk+Llkuh ds uke Hkh ,d i=Hkstk FkkA 'kjgchy dks dS+lj us 'kke dk vf/kifr cuk;k FkkA gkfjlfcu meSj tc ;g i= ysdj eqvr% igq¡ps rks 'kjgchy us mudh gR;kdjok nhA blds Ckkn vkius rhu gtkj dh lsuk tekfny Åyk dsefgus eas eqvr% dh vksj HksthAtS+n fcu gkfjlk dks lsukifr cuk;k vkSj ;g dgk fd ;fn tS+nekjs tk,sa rks tkQj fcu vch rkfyc y”kdj ds lsukifr gksa vkSj ;fntkQj Hkh ekjsa tk,sa rks vCnqYykg fcu vch jokgk lsukifr gksaxs vkSj;fn vCnqYykg Hkh ekjs tk,as rks eqlyeku viuh bPNk ls lsukifr dkp;u dj yasAvkSj ,d lQsn >aMk tS+n fcu gkfjl dks fn;k vkSj dgk fd ogk¡igq¡pus ds ckn mu yksxkas dks bLyke dk lans”k nsuk oks mins”k u ekusarc ;q) djuk vkSj ;g funsZ”k fn;k fd fdlh Hkh fLFkfr esa la;e vkSjlnkpkfjrk dks u NksM+ukA vkSj vius lkfFk;ksa ds fgrfpard cus jgukAtc 'kjgchy dks bl lsuk dh lwpuk feyh rks mlus ,d yk[kdh lsuk eqlyekuksa ls eqdkcyk djus ds fy, bdëk dhA blh dslkFk gsjD+y us Hkh ,d yk[k dh lsuk 'kjgchy dh lgk;rk ds fy;sHksthA tc eqlyekuksa dks iwjh ckr dk irk pyk rks mUgksaus vkil esalykg e”kojk fd;kA varr% ;g lgefr cuh fd eqdkcyk fd;k tk,


159iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoublds ckn oks yksx eqvr% dh vksj py iM+sA ;q) 'kq: gqvk vkSj ,dds ckn ,d tSn+ fcu gkfjl] tkQj fcu vch rkfyc vkSj vCnqYykgfcu jokgk 'kghn gks x;sAvUr esa loZlEefr ls [k+kfyn fcu oyhn dks y”kdj dk lsukifrfu;qDr fd;k x;kA gt+jr [kkfyn us ;g vuqeku yxk;k fd ;gvuqikr fcydqy vlarqfyr vkSj vlkekU; gS D;ksafd eqlyeku dsoyrhu gt+kj gSa vkSj foi{k ny dh la[;k ,d yk[k ls Hkh vf/kd gSAblfy, fo”ks”k ;qfDr ls og okil enhuk ykSV vk, ckn dks vkslkekfcu tSn+ ds usr`Ro esa eqlyeku vkxs c


160iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoud+qt+kvk igq¡ps vkSj vkØe.k fd;kA d+chys ds yksx Hk;Hkhr gks x;s vr%mUgksaus viuh 'kksfj”ksa ¼disturbances½ can dj nhAeDdk dh Q+rg ¼fot;½jet+ku 8 fgtjhgqnSfc;k laf/k ds vuqlkj dqjS”k blds fy;s ck/; Fks fd u rks okseqlyekuksa ij vkØe.k djsaxs vkSj u mu yksxksa ij ftu ls eqlyekuksadh laf/k gSA ml le; cuw cØ ls dqjS”k dh laf/k Fkh vkSj [kq+t+kvk dhjlwyqYykg ls laf/k FkhAnksuksa leqnk;ksa esa vKkurk ds le; ls 'k=qrk pyh vk jgh FkhA,d volj ij cuw cØ us cuw [k+qt+kvk ij 'kc [kwu ¼jkr dk vkdkfLedvkØe.k½ ekjkA ;g yksx ikuh ds ,d dqaM ij lks jgs FksA bl dk;Zokghesa dqjS”k us vius leFkZd cuw cØ dh lgk;rk dhA mudks gfFk;kj Hkhfn;s vkSj yM+us ds fy;s vkneh HkhA bu yksxksa us cuw [k+qt+kvk ds yksxksadks ekjk vkSj mudh laifÙk dks ywVkA mlds ckn vez fcu lkfye [kqt+kbZpkfyl vknfe;ksa ds lkFk enhus vk;k rkfd vkidks iwjh fLFkfr ls voxrdjk,A tc vkidks iwjh tkudkjh gqbZ rks vkius ,d lans”kokgd eDdkHkstk vkSj dgk fd oks rhu ckrksa esa ls ,d dk p;u djsaA1- [kqt+kvk ds of/kr yksxksa ¼killed persons½ dh ns;r nh tk,A2- ;k oks cuw cØ dks leZFku nsuk can djsaA3- ;k eqvkfgnk gqnSfc;k ¼gqnSfc;k laf/k½ ds uf”Vdj.k dh?kks"k.kk dj nsaAtc lans”kokgd muds ikl igq¡pk rks mUgksaus dgk ge gqnSfc;klaf/k ds uf"Vdj.k ds fy;s r;~;kj gSaSA ijUrq ckn esa mudks i”pkrkigqvk vkSj rqjUr vcw lqQ;ku dks laf/k uouhdj.k vFkkZr laf/k dk le;c


161iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouugha gq,A vkSj vcw lqQ;ku dks fujk”k ykSVuk iM+kA vcw lqQ;ku dhokilh ds ckn jlwyqYykg us lgkck dks xqIr :Ik ls ;k=k dh lkexzhvkSj tax ds gfFk;kj Bhd djus dk vkns”k ns fn;k vkSj lpsr fd;kfd bldks iw.kZr% xqIr j[kk tk,A vkSj vius fudVoZrh leqnk;ksa dksHkh funsZ”k fn;k dh oks Hkh rS;kj gks tk,sasAbl rjg vki us 10 jet+ku dks yxHkx nl gt+kj ds y”kdj dslkFk enhuk ls EkDdk dh vksj izLFkku fd;kA tc vki tqgQk ds LFkkuij igq¡ps rks gtjr vCckl vius ifjokj lfgr fgtjr ¼migrate½ djenhuk tkrs fn[kkbZ fn,A mUgksaus vkids vkns”kk vuqlkj lkeku enhukHkst fn;k vkSj Loa; lsuk esa 'kkfey gks x,AQrg eDdk dh ;k=k ds e/; esa cgqr ls yksxksa us vki ls feydj bLyke d+cwy fd;k ftlesa vcw lqQ;ku fcu gkfjl fcu vcnqyeqÙkfyc tks vkids ppsjs HkkbZ vkSj vkids jst+kbZ HkkbZ ¼nw/k 'kjhd HkkbZ½Fks tks iSx+Ecjh ls iwoZ vkids fudV fe= Hkh FksA iSx+Ecjh ds ckn vkidsfojks/kh cu x, FksA ;gk¡ rd dh vkidh vkykspuk esa dfork dgusyxsA ijUrq ckn esa mudks viuh Hkwy dk ,glkl gqvk vkSj oks vius,d lkFkh ds lkFk Q+rg EkDdk ds volj ij jlwyqYykg ds ikl vk,vkSj gt+jr ;wlqQ+ ds HkkbZ dh t+Ckku es dgk vYykg us rqEgsa gekjs ÅijQ+t+hyr ¼Js"Brk½ nh okLro esa ¼certainly½ ge xyrh ij FksA vkiusHkh gt+jr ;wlqQ dh tcku esa mÙkj fn;k% vkt rqe ij dksbZ bYt+keughaA ¼12% 91&92½blds ckn og yskx dyek i


162iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouu dj nsaA blfy, vkx dks ns[kdj vcw lqQ;ku fcu gcZ vkSj cqnSyfcu ojd+k vkSj gde irk yxkus ds fy, eDdk ls ckgj fudysA tcejsZ t+gjku ds fudV igq¡p rks lssuk fn[kkbZ nhA ;g yksx ?kcjk x,Avcw lqQ;ku us dgk! ;g vkx dSlh gS] cqnSy us dgk ;g vkx d+chyk[kq+t+kvk dh gSAvcw lqQ;ku us dgk [kq+t+kvk ds ikl bruh lsuk dgk¡ ls vkbZ] HkkbZoks rks FkksM+s gSaA jlwyqYykg ds lqj{kk dfeZ;kas us mudks ns[krs gh cUnhcUkk fy;kA mu yksxksa us lqj{kk dfeZ;ksa ls iz”u fd;k] ;g lsuk fdldhgSaA mUgksaus dgk ;g lsuk jlwyqYykg dh gS] vkSj ge muds lkFkh gSaAckr gks jgh Fkh fd gt+jr vCckl jlwyqYykg ds [kPpj ¼mule½ ijpDdj ¼patrol½ yxkrs gq, m/kj vk x, vkSj vcw lqQ;ku dh vkokt+dks igpku dj dgk% [ksn gS ,s vcw lqQ;ku ;g jlwyqYykg dh lsukgSA [kq+nk dh d+le ;fn jlwyqYykg rq> ij fot;h gks x, rks rsjh [kS+jughaA d+qjS”k ds fy, mfpr ;gh gS fd oks vkReleiZ.k dj nsa vkSj v/khark Lohdkj djsaA vcw lqQ;ku dgrs gSa eSas vkokt+ lqudj mlh fn”kes pyrk gqvk vCckl rd igq¡pk vkSj dgk fd ,s vcqy Qt+y cpkodk D;k mik; gSA gt+jr vCckl us dgk esjs ihNs bl [kPpj ij lokjgks tkvksA jlwyqYykg dh lsok esa ysdj rqedks pyrk gq¡A rkdh rqEgkjsfy, veu ¼lqj{kk½ ekax ywaA gt+jr vCckl vcw lqQ;ku dks vius lkFkysdj y”dj dks fn[kkrs gq, pyus yxs] pyrs gq, tc gtjr mejdh vksj ls x+qt+jus yxs rks gt+jr mej ns[krs gh >iVs vkSj dgk fd;g vcw lqQ;ku vYykg vkSj mlds jlwy dk 'k=q fcuk fdlh 'krZvkSj le>ksrs ds gekjs gkFk vk x;k gSA gt+jr mej iSny vkSj gtjrvCckl vcw lqQ;ku dks vius [kPpj ij fcBk,s gq, frozxfr ls pyrsgq, jlwyqYykg dh lsok eas igq¡p x,A vkSj gt+jr mej fiNss&fiNsryokj fy, gq, ogk¡ igq¡ps vkSj dgk% ;k jlwyqYykg ;g vcw lqQ;ku


163iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougS] jlwyqYykg dk 'k=q gS tks fcuk fdlh 'krZ vkSj laf/k ds vkt gekjsgkFk vk x;k gSA eq>dks vkKk fnth, fd eSa bldh xnZu ekj nw¡AvCckl us dgk ;k jlwyqYykg eSus bldks iukg nh gSA gtjr mejryokj fy, [kM+s Fks vkSj ckj&ckj ;gh dg jgs Fks fd vcw lqQ;ku dso/k dh vkKk fnth,A gt+jr vCckl Øksf/kr gks mBs vkSj dgk fd ,smej] Bgjks] ;fn ;g cuw vnh ls gksrk rks D;k rqe rc Hkh blds o/kds fy, blh izdkj vkxzg djrsA D;kasfd ;g vCn&equkQ ls gS blfy,rqe mlds o/k ds fy, vkrqj gks jgs gksAgtjr mej us dgk] ,s vCckl] [kqnk dh dle] rqEgkjk bLykedcwy djuk esjs fy, vius cki [k+rkc ds bLyke ls vf/hd fiz; Fkk;fn esjk cki bLyke ykrk rks eq>dks mruh izlUurk u gksrh ftruh fdrqEgkjs bLyke ykus ls gqbZA bl fy, dh eSa [k+wc tkurk gq¡ fd jlwyqYykgdks rqEgkjk bLyke ykuk [k+Ùkkc ds bLyke ls vf/kd fiz; FkkAjlwyqYykg us gtjr vCckl dks vkns”k fn;k fd vcw lqQ;ku dksvius [k+ses ¼tent) esa ys tk,saA izkr% esjs ikl ys dj vk,A vcw lqQ;kujkr Hkj gtjr vCckl ds [kaases esa jgs vkSj gdhe fcu fgTk+ke vkSj cqnSyfcu ojd+k us mlh le; jlwyqYykg ds ikl vkdj bLyke dcwy djfy;kA dqN nsj rd jlwyqYykg muls eDdk ds gkykr iqNrs jgsAbLyke ykus ds ckn ;g nksukas eDdk okil gks x, rkdh eDdk okfl;ksadks vkids vkus dk lekpkj nsaAvcw lqQ;ku vxyh lqcg nksckjk eksgEn ¼lYyŒ½ ds ikl vk,Amuds lkFk vCckl fcu vCnqy&eqÙkfyc Hkh FksA ml le; jlwyqYykgvkSj vcw lqQ;ku ds chp tks ckr phr gqbZ] lhjr dh fdrkcksa esa mudkmYys[k gSAvarr% vcw lqQ;ku us bLyke dcwy dj fy;kA ;g ?kVuk eDdkdh flek ij ?kVhA jlwyqYykg us vcw lqQ;ku dks lEeku nsus ds fy,


164iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thou?kks"k.kk dj nh fd tks O;fDr vcw lqQ;ku ds ?kj esa pyk tk, oglqjf{kr gSA vcw lqQ;ku fcu gcZ us dgk ;k jlwyqYykg esjs ?kj esa lkjsvkneh dgk¡ vk ldrs gSaA vki us dgk tks O;fDr efLtn gjke esa pyktk, oks Hkh lqjf{kr gSaaaA vcw lqQ;ku fcu gcZ us fQj dgk ;k jlqYykgefLtn gjke esa Hkh lekbZ ugha gksxhA vki us dgk tks O;fDr njokt+kcUn dj ys oks Hkh lqjf{kr gSA vcq lqQ;ku us dgk gka vc Bhd gSAvxys fnu jlwyqYykg ejZs t+gjku ls eDdk ds fy, jokuk gq,Avkids lkFk nl gt+kj lgkck dk y”dj FkkA ;g la[;k vlk/kkj.k FkhAtc ;g lsuk eDdk ds fudV igq¡ph rks mldh ,d VqdM+h ds ljnkjlkn fcu vkscknk valkjh us Å¡ps Loj esa dgk ¼vkt dk fnu j.k dkfnu gS] vkt dkck esa d+Ry gyky ¼lawful½ gks x;kA½jlwyqYykg us bl ukjs ¼|ks”k½ dks ilUn ugha fd;k vkSj dgk vktdk fnu n;k vkSj d:.kk dk fnu gS] lkn us x+yr dgk vkt ds fnuvYykg dkck dks lEeku nsxkA lkn fcu vkscknk tks ml le; >aMkmBk, gq, Fks] jlwyqYykg us vkns”k fn;k fd >aMk muls ys fy;k tk,vkSj muds csVs d+Sl fcu lkn dks ns fn;k tk,A ,slk gh fd;k x;kAvcw lqQ;ku ml le; eDdk ds ljnkj FksA jlwyqYykg vkSjvkids lkFk vkus okys fo”kky y”dj dks ns[kdj oks Hk;Hkhr gks x;sA'kh?kzrk ls py dj eDdk igq¡ps vkSj eDdk esa yksxksa ds lkeus ;g?kks"k.kk dj nh fd eqgEen ,d ,sls y”kdj ds lkFk vk jgs gSa ftllseqdkcyk djus dh ge esa 'kfDr ughaA rqe yksx bLyke dcwy dj ykslqjf{kr jgksxs vkSj tks efLtn gjke esa pyk tk, oks Hkh lqjf{kr gS ;ktks O;fDr esjs ?kj esa vk tk, oks Hkh lqjf{kr gS ;k tks O;fDr viuknjoktk can dj ys ;k gfFk;kj Mky ns mldks Hkh veku gSAjlwyqYykg vkSj vkids lkFkh eDdk esa izos”k djds dkck dh vksjc


165iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvf/kd >qds Fks fd vkidh nksnkj½ ughaA mlusviuk oknk lPpk dj fn[kk;kA vkSj mlus vius cUns dh enn dhvkSj vdsys] nyksa ¼groups½ dks ijkftr fd;kAgt+jr eqgEen us eDdk ds yksxksa ls dksbZ cnyk ughsa fy;k cfYdlkoZtfud ekQh dh ?kks"k.kk dj nhA ifj.kke ;g fudyk dh lewpkeDdk eqlyeku gks x;kA eDdk tks blls iwoZ cqrizLrksa dk uxj Fkk]vc ,d [kqnk ds ekuus okyksa dk uxj cu x;kAvfHkHkk"k.k ds mijkar vki efLtn esa cSB x,A ml le; cSrqYykgdh dqath vkids ikl FkhA gt+jr vyh us [kM+s gksdj dgk fd ;kjlwyqYykg ;g dqath gedks ns nhft,A vkius mudks mÙkj ugha fn;kcfYd dgk mLeku fcu rygk dgk¡ gSaA oks lkeus vk, rks cSrqYykg dhsdqath mUgsa ns nh vkSj dgk ^^vkt oQ+k vkSj {kek dk fnu gSA**tqgj dh uekt+ dk oDr vk;k rks vkius fcyky dks vkns”k fn;k


166iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufd dkck ds Åij p


167iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouftldk dqjvku es lqjg vy&eqErfguk esa mYys[k gS fd oks u rks [kqnkds lkFk fdlh dks lk>snkj cuk,asxh uk pksjh djsaxha u O;fHkpkfjrkdjsaxh vkSj uk vkSykn dks dRy djsaxhA ¼vk;r% 12½Qrg eDdk ds nqljs fnu ,d [kqt+kbZ us ,d gqt+Syh cqrizLr dhgR;k dj nhA tc vkidks bl ls lwfpr fd;k x;k rks vkius lQ+kigkM+h ij [kM+s gks dj ,d rd+jhj dhA vkius dgk fd%^^,s yksxks] fulansg vYykg us ftl fnu vkdk”k vkSj i`Foh cuk,mlh fnu eDdk dks vknj.kh; Bgjk fn;k FkkA bl fy, oks D+;ker rdJ)k ;ksX; vkSj lEekuuh; jgsxkA gj ml O;fDr ds fy, tks vYykgij vkSj vkf[kjr ds fnu ¼Day of Judgement) ij fo”okl j[krk gsk];g mfpr ugha fd eDdk esa [kwu cgk, vkSj u fdlh dk fdlh o`{kdk dkVuk mfpr gSA** blds ckn vkius of/kr dks vius ikl ls lkSÅ¡V fn;r ¼oks jk”kh tks [k+wu ds cnys esa nh tkrh gS½ ds :Ik eas fn,AeDdk okyksa us eqgkftjhu dh laifÙk] Hkou vkfn ij d+Ctk+ djfy;k FkkA bl lanHkZ esa dqN eqgkftjhu us vius vf/kdkjksa dh okilhdh ekax djuh pkgh rks vkius mUgsa ;g dgdj pqi djk fn;k fd rqe{kek djks rks rqEgkjs fy, vPNk gksxk vkSj cnys ds :Ik esa rqe dks tUuresa ?kj feysxkA blds vfrfjDr vkius ;g Hkh dgk tks /ku vYykg dsekxZ esa tk pqdk mldh okilh eSa ilUn ugha djrk ;gk¡ rd fd Loa;vkius vius ?kj dk uke rd uk fy;kAQrg eDdk ds fnu vkius lkoZtfud ekQ+h dh ?kks"k.kk dj nhFkhA ijUrq dqN ,sls yksx Fks tks xaHkhj vijk/k ds nks"kh FksA muds fy,e`R;qnaM dk funsZ”k fn;k x;kA mudh dqy la[;k 16 FkhA ijUrq muesals dqN dk gh o/k fd;k x;k ckdh lcdks NksM+ fn;k x;kA oks bLykeesa nkf[k+y gks x,A mu esa bLyke ykus okyksa ds vkSj ftudk e`R;qnaMekQh esa ifjofrZr gks x;k] dqN ds uke ;s gSa%


168iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoubdjek fcu vcqtgy] dvc fcu t+qgSj] og”kh fcu gcZ] fgUnkvcw lqQ;ku dh iRuh] gckj fcu vlonA og”kh fcu gcZ us vkidsppk get+k dh gR;k dh FkhA ;g¡k rd fd fgUnk] ftlus gt+jr get+kdk dystk pck;k FkkA fQj Hkh vkius bu yksxksa dks {kek dj fn;kAx+T+o% gquSu] vkSrkl vkSj rk;Q6 'kOoky 8 fgtjhgquSu eDdk vkSj rk;Q ds e/; fLFkr {ks= gSA ;gk¡ ds yksx cM+s;ks)k ¼warrior) vkSj rhj vankt+ ¼archer) FksAQrgs eDdk ds i”pkr mUgsa vius ckjs esa Hk; gqvk fd vceqlyeku mu ij vkØe.k u dj nsaA mUgksaus vkilh lykg&e”kojk lsr; fd;k] fd bl ls iZwo fd eqlyeku ge ij vkØe.k djsa gesa Loa;mu ij p


169iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudj fn;kA ftlls eqlyeku pdjk x, vkSj muesa HkxnM+ ep xbZAvkids ikl dsoy ckjg tku fulkj ¼tku dqckZu djus okys½ jg x, ATkks yksx eDdk ls vk, Fks og bl vkdfLed ijkt; ls vfuf”pRrkesa iM+ x,A vcw lqQ;ku us dgk ^^vc ;g ijkt; Fkerh gqbZ ut+jugha vkrhA** vkSj dYnk fcu gacy us [kq”kh ls fpYyk dj dgk ^^vkt;g banztky VwV x;kA** ml le; jlwyqYykg vius [kPpj ij lokjFks vkSj Å¡ps Loj esa dg jgs Fks%eSa uch gq¡] bles dksbZ >wB ugha gS vkSj eSa vCnqy eqÙkfyc dk csVkgq¡A gtjr vCckl us vkids gqDe ls iqdkjA ^^,s vulkj x.k] ,s dhdjds o`{k ds uhps 'kiFk ysus okyks** bl ok.kh dks lqudj lkjs yksx fQjvkids pkjksa vksj bdÎk gks x,A vkius nksckjk vkØe.k dk vkns”k fn;kAeqlyekuksa us iwjh 'kfDr vkSj lkgl ds lkFk nksckjk muij vkØe.kdj fn;kA ifj.kker% 'k=qvksa ds ik¡o m[kM+ x, vkSj og eSnku NksM+djHkkxus yxssA dqN yksxksa us Hkkx dj vkSrkl ds LFkku ij vkSj dqN usu[k+yk ds LFkku ij 'kj.k yhAbl izdkj eqlyeku fot;h gq, vkSj mu yksxksa dks ijkt; dk eqagns[kuk iM+kA gokft+u leqnk; ds dSfn;kas dh la[;k yxHkx 6 gt+kj FkhAjlwyqYykg us mudks eqDRk dj fn;kA ckn dks og yksx bZeku ys vk,Ark;Q dk eqgkfljkjlwyqYykg us gquSu ds ekys x+uher ¼;q) esa feyk gqvk eky½ vkSjdSfn;kas ds laca/k esa ;g vkns”k fn;k fd mudks tvjkZuk esa j[kk tk,AvkSj Loa; rk;Q dh vksj jokuk gq,A vkids rk;Q igq¡pus ds pkj fnuckn rqQSy fcu mej nkSlh Hkh ,d nCckck vkSj feutuhd ysdj igq¡px,A ekfyd fcu vkSQ+ ut+jh gokt+u dk ljnkj vkids igq¡us ls iqoZLoa; dks rk;Q ds fdys esa cUn dj pqdk FkkA mlds ikl dbZ o"kZ


170iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoudh [kk|lkexzh FkhA vkius rk;Q igq¡p dj mudk ?ksjko dj fy;kAfeutuhd }kjk iRFkj cjlk, x, vkSj blds vfrfjDr dbZ vU; mik;fd,A ijUrq eqlyeku mUgsas fd+ys ls ckgj fudyus ij foo”k u djldsA vkius muds ckx+kr dVokus dk vkns”k fn;k rks fd+ys okyksa usvYykg] vkSj ukrsnkjh dk okLrk fn;k rks tq¡ dk R;q¡ NksM+ fn;k x;kAmlds ckn vkius fd+ys dh fnokj ds ikl vkokt+ yxkbZ fd tks xqyke¼nkl½ mij ls mrj dj fups vk tk,xk og vkt+kn gSA ;g lqudj12&13 xq+yke vk x, og lkjs eqDr dj fn, x,Adgk tkrk gS fd gt+jr mej us jlwyqYykg ls dgk fd ;kjlwyqYykg bu yksxksa ds fy, cn~nqvk ¼curse) fdft,A vkius mRrjfn;k fd vYykg us gedks bldh vuqefr ugha nhA vkius ogk¡ ls pyusdk vkns”k fn;k vkSj ykSVrs gq, ;g nqvk dh%^^,s vYykg ldhQ dks fgnk;r ns vkSj mUgsa esjs ikl igq¡pknsA** okLro esa ,slk gh gqvkA lHkh yksxksa us vkids ikl enhuk vkdjbLyke dcwy dj fy;k] vkSj fd+yk vius vki Qrsg gks x;kA rk;Qls okil gksdj vki 5 th+d+knk dks tvjkuk igq¡psA tgk¡ ;q) esa feykgqvk eky tek FkkA ;gk¡ igq¡pdj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us nl fnu rdgokft+u dh izrh{kk dh] fd laHkor% og vius yksxksa dks NqMk+us vk,saxsAijUrq tc dksbZ ugha vk;k rks vkius ekys x+uher ¼war-booty) dks /keZ;ks)kvksa esa ck¡V fn;kA gokft+u dk izfrfu/kh ekys x+uher ds forj.kds mijkar vkids ikl igq¡pkA mUgksaus vius dSfn;ksa ds ckjs eas ckr phrdh ;g 6 gt+kj yksx FksA vkius mUgsa eqDr dj fn;kA mlds ckn ogyksx bLyke esa nkf[k+y gks x,AQrg eDdk ds ckn tks ljnkj bLyke yk, Fks muds fo”okl esafuf”park ugha vkbZ FkhA eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ us eky x+uher ds forj.kds le; mudks mlds vfrfjDr /ku Hkh fn;kA ;g ckr vUlkj esa lsdqN yksxksa dks eglwl gqbZA dqN yksxksa us bldks izdV Hkh dj fn;kA


171iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoumlds ckn jlwyqYykg [kM+s gq, vkSj ,d rd+jhj dh ftlesa vU; fo"k;kasij ppkZ djrs gq, vkius vUlkj dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, ;g Hkh dgk%^^D;k rqe bl ckr ij lger ugha gks fd nwljs yksx vius ?kjÅ¡V vkSj cdjh ysdj tk,sa vkSj rqe vYykg ds jlwYk dks vius lkFkysdj tkvksA**bl rd+jhj dks lqudj vUlkj jksus yxsA vkSj dgk ge bl cVokjsij lger gSa fd vYykg dk jlwy gekjs fgLls esa vk,sA18 th+d+knk dks jkr ds le; vki tvjku ls eDdk dh vksjmejk djus ds bjkns ls jokuk gq,A ogk¡ igq¡p dj vÙkkc fcu vlhndks eDdk dk okyh fu;qDr fd;k vkSj ekt+ fcu tcy dks f”k{kk nsusds mís”; ls muds ikl NksM+k vkSj yxHkx


172iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoucuw rehe dh vksj Hkstk] muds lkFk 50 lokj FksA ogk¡ igq¡pdj mUgksusacuw rehe ij Nkik ekjk vkSj dbZ iq:"k efgykvksa vkSj cPpksa dks cUnhcuk dj enhuk ys vk,A cuw rehe us foo”k gksdj nl yksxksa ij vk/kkfjr ,d izfrfuf/keaMy vki ds ikl HkstkA ;g izfrfu/keaMy enhukigq¡pk vkSj eqgEen ¼LkYyŒ½ ls ek¡x dh fd gekjs vknfe;ksa ls rd+jhjvkSj 'kk;jh ¼Hkk"k.k ,oa dkO; dyk½ dh izfr;ksfxrk fd tk,A vki usdgk u rks eSa dfo gw¡ vkSj u gh eq>s izfr;ksfxrk dk vkns”k fn;k x;kgSA mlds mijkar nksuksa vksj ls Hkk”k.k vkSj dfork esa eqdkcYkk gqvkAvar esa vd+jk fcu gkfcl us Lohdkj fd;k dh [kq+nk dh d+le vkidkoDrk gekjs oDrk ls vkSj vkidk dfo gekjs dfo ls o


173iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufy, Hkstk ,oa blh ds lkFk lQj esa gh d+qRck fcu vkfej dh v/;{krkesa 20 yksxksa dks [k+”kve ls eqdkcys ds fy, Hkstk ftl esa eqlyekuksadks lQyrk izkIr gqbZAjchmy&vOoy ds eghus esa lfj;k t+g+gkd fcu lqQ;ku is”k vk;kvkSj bleas Hkh eqlyeku fot;h gq,A blh volj ij ;g ?kVuk ?kVh fddqN yksxksa us vius ?kj ykSVus esa f”k?kzrk fn[kkbZA gt+jr vyd+ek tkslsukifr Fks mudks ;g ckr vfu;fer yxhA vrSo mUgksaus ,d vyko¼bonefire) tyok;k vkSj laecaf/kr yksxksa dks vkns”k fn;k fd mlesadqn tk,saA nks”kh;kas esa ls dqN yksx blds fy, rS;kj Hkh gks x, ijUrqvyd+ek us rqjUr gh ;g dgdj mudks jksd fn;k dh eSaus rks dsoyrqEgkjh ijh{kk yh FkhA jlwyqYykg dks tc bl ?kVuk dh tkudkjhfeyh rks vki us dgk dh tks rqe dks iki dk vkns”k nss mldh vkKkdk ikyu uk djksAfgtjr ds uosaa o"kZ jchmy&vOoy ds efgus esa vkius gt+jr vyhdks rS; leqnk; dh vksj HkstkA mlds ifj.kke Lo:i tks yksx cUnhcuk, x,] mlesa izfl) nkuohj gkfre rkbZ dh csVh LkQkuk Hkh FkhAmlus vius firk dh mnkjrk dk gokyk nsdj vkils midkj djus dhfourh dhA vkius eat+wj dj fy;k vkSj mldks lokjh] ;k=k dk [kpZ,oa iqjLdkj nsdj HkstkAx+T+o% rcwdjtc 9 fgtjhfgtjr ds ukSosa o"kZ esa jtc ds efgus esas gsjD+y 'kkgs jkse dks ;gfujk/kkj [+kcj igq¡pkbZ xbZ dh eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dk fu/ku gks x;k gSAvkSj yksx Hkq[kejh vkSj vdky ls ihfM+r gSaA blfy, vjc ij vkØe.kdjus dk ;g lcls mfpr le; gSA gsjD+y bl lekpkj ds feyrs gh


174iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourqjUr rS;kj gks x;kA vkSj eqlyekuksa ij p


175iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thourqedks ml ij lokj dj nq¡ rks oks bl gky esa ykSVs fd mudh vk¡[kksals vkalw cg jgs gSa] bl x+e esa fd muds ikl dqN ugha tks oks [kpZdjasA ¼vy&rkSck% 92½enhuk ls dwp djus ls iqoZ gt+jr eqgEen us eqgEen fcu lyekvUlkjh dks vius LFkku ij fu;qDr fd;k vkSj enhus ds 'kklu dklkjk dk;Z Hkkj muds lqinZ dj fn;k vkSj gt+jr vyh dks ifjokjokyksa dh lqj{kk vkSj ns[k js[k ds fy, enhuk NksM+kA mlds ckn 30gt+kj dh lsuk ds lkFk jokuk gq,A ekxZ esa oks f”k{kkizn LFkku Hkh iM+rkFkk tgk¡ dkSe lewn ij vYykg dk vt+kc ¼punishment) vk;k FkkAtc d+kfQys dk m/kj ls xqt+j gqvk rks vkius eq[k ij diM+k yVdkfy;k vkSj Å¡Vuh dks rst dj fn;k vkSj lkjs yksxksa dks vkns”k fn;kfd dksbZ O;fDr bu ?kjksa ds vUnj u tk, vkSj u gh ;gk¡ dk ikuhbR;kfn iz;ksx djsaA,d LFkku ij vkius iM+ko Mkyk rks ;gk¡ vkidh Å¡Vuh xqe gksxbZA ,d ewukfQ+d+ ¼eu esa diV j[kusokyk½ us dgk eqgEen vklekudk lekpkj crkrs gSaA ijUrq i`Foh ij mudh Å¡Vuh dh mudks [kcjughaA vkidks tc irk pyk rks vkius dgk% [kqnk dh dle eq>dks tksdqN Kkr gksrk gS oks vYykg dh ogh ¼[kqnk }kjk Hkstk x;k lans”k½ }kjk gksrk gSA vkSj vc ogh }kjk eq>s irk pyk gS fd Å¡Vuh izk;% ml?kkVh esa gSA vkSj mldh udsy ,d o`{k ls vVd xbZ gSA bl rjgvkids lkFkh x, vkSj ml Å¡Vuh dks ys vk,ARkcwd igq¡p dj vki 20 fnu Bgjs ijUrq dksbZ eqdkcys ij ughavk;kA ;gk¡ ls gt+jr eqgEen us 420 lokjksa dh ,d VqdM+h dks [kkfynfcu oyhn ds usr`Ro esa vdsnj dh vksj Hkstk] tks gsjD+y dh vksj lsnkSerqy tUny dk 'kkld FkkAvkius mudks Hkstrs le; dgk fd oks rqedks f”kdkj [ksyrk gqvkfeysxk rqe mldk o/k er djuk dsoy cUnh cuk dj esjs ikl ys


176iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvkukA okLro esa ,slk gh gqvkA [kkfyn fcu oyhn mls idM+ djvkids ikl ys vk,A mlus vkils laf/k dj yhAchl fnu :ds jgus ds i”pkr vki rcwd ls enhuk ykSV vk,Aenhuk igq¡p dj vkius nks O;fDr;ksa dks vkns”k fn;k fd tkdj efLtnt+jkj dks


177iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoud+qjku dh pkyhl vk;rsa ¼Verses½ tks cjvr ¼ckr dk iwjh rjg lkQgksuk½ ds :i esa mrjh FkhaA ogk¡ mudh ?kks"k.kk dj nsaA ijUrq ckn esajlwyqYykg us viuk fu.kZ; cnydj ?kks"k.kk ds fy, gtjr vyh dksfu;qDr fd;kAblh o"kZ gC”k ds ckn”kkg utk”kh dk fu/ku gqvk vkidks ;glkekpkj ogh }kjk fn;k x;kA vkius lgkck dks bDëk djds x+k;ckukuekt+ tukt+k ¼offering Namaz in the absence of dead body½ i


178iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thouvk;kA ;g ogh yksx Fks tks rk;Q ds ?ksjko ds volj ij vius fdyksa esacan gksdj cSB x;s FksA vc mUgksaus vkidh v/khurk Lohdkj dj yh FkhAld+hQ+ leqnk; dk ekeyk vU; leqnk;ksa ls fHkUu FkkA tc 'kiFkdk le; vk;k rks mUgksaus dgk fd og bZeku yk,saxs ijUrq muds Åijlndk ugha gksxk vkSj muds Åij ftgkn ugha gksxkA rc Hkh jlwyqYykgus muls 'kiFk ys yhA vkids dqN lkfFk;ksa dks bl ij vk”p;Z gqvkrks vkius dgk tc bLyke ys vk,saxs rks og lnd+k Hkh nasxs vkSj ftgknHkh djsaxs ¼lhjr bCus dlhj 56%4½ ckn esa ,slk gh gqvkAo+n vCnqy dSl ¼vCnqydSl dk izfrfuf/keaMy½% vCnqydSl,d cgqr cM+k dchyk Fkk tks cgjSu esa vkckn FkkA ml oQn usvkils fuosnu fd;k fd vki dksbZ ,slk tkesv vey ¼izHkkodkjh ,oalaiw.kZ dk;Z½ crk,sa fd ftl ls oks tUur ds Hkkxhnkj ¼entitle½ gks ldsaAvkius dgk vYykg ij bZeku ykvks] uekt+ d+k;e djks] td+kr nks vkSjekyx+fuer dk ik¡Pkoka Hkkx vYykg ds ekXkZ esa fn;k djksAo+n utjku ¼utjku dk izfrfuf/keaMy½% 9 fgtjh esa utjkuds ulkjk dk ,d izfrfuf/keaMy vki ls HksaV djus vk;kA ftlesa 60vkneh FksA muesa ls 14 muds leqnk; ds izeq[k FksA vki us bl oQndks efLtn ucoh esa mrkjkA vlj dh uekt+ gks pqdh FkhA FkksM+h nsj dsckn tc mu yksxksa dh uekt+ dk le; vk;k rks mu yksxksa us uekt+i


179iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougTtrqy onkvfgtjh ds uosa o"kZ esa dkck vKkurk ds lkjs jhfr&fjokt ls ikdgks pqdk FkkA vc le; vk x;k Fkk fd jlwyqYykg Loa; O;fDrxr:i ls gt vnk djsa rkfd yksx vkidks ns[kdj gt ds eukfld ¼gtds rjhds½ vkSj vkns”kksa dks tku ysaA t+hdknk 9 fgtjh esa vki us gt;k=k dk bjknk fd;kA fudV vkSj nwj pkjksa vksj ?kks"k.kk djk nh xbZfd jlwyqYykg bl o"kZ gt djus okys gSaA vkSj eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ 25ft+d+knk dks jokuk gq,sA vkids lkFk lgkck dh Hkkjh la[;k FkhA ftuesa,d yk[k ls vf/kd yksx 'kkfey FksA pkj ft+fYgTt dks vkius eDdkesa izos”k fd;k vkSj eukflds gt vnk fd;sA mlds ckn vjQkr dseSnku esa ,d yack vfHkHkk"k.k ¼sermon½ fn;kA vYykg dh Lrqfr vkSjiz”kalk ds ckn dgk%^^,s yksxks] tks eSa dgrk gw¡ mldks lquksA dnkfpr vkxkeh o"kZ rqelsfeyuk u gksA ,s yksxks] rqEgkjh tkusa vkSj bT+Tk+r vkSj eky vkil esa,d nqljs ds fy;s gjke gSaA tSls fd ;g fnu] ;g eghuk] ;g uxjgjke gSaA vKkurk ds lkjs ekeykr esjs iSjkas ds uhps gSaA vkSj vKkurkds lkjs [kwu eSa {kek djrk gw¡A vkSj lcls igys bl ifjos”k esa eSa jchvkfcu gkfjl dk [kwu tks cuh gqtS+y ij gS {kek djrk gq¡A vKkurk dslkjs lwn [kRe djrk gwaA rqEgkjs fy, dsoy jklqyeky vFkkZr ewy jkf”kiw¡th gSA bl lanHkZ esa loZizFke vCckl fcu vCnqy ewÙkfyc dk Hkkj[kRe djrk g¡A mlds ckn vki us ifr&iRuh ds laca/kks vkSj nkEiR;vf/kdkjksa ¼conjugal rights½ ds ckjs esa funsZ”k fn;sA fQj dgk eSa rqEgkjschp ,slh etcwr pht+ NksM+s tkrk gw¡ ftldks rqe n`


180iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoufQj lgkck dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, dgk ^^d+;ker ds fnu rqelsesjs ckjs esa iz”u gksxkA rqe D;k mÙkj nksxsA** lgkck us mÙkj fn;k fdge xokgh nsaxs fd vkius ge rd vYykg dk lans”k igq¡Pkk fn;kA vkSj[kqnk dh /kjksgj vnk dj nh vkSj mEer dh HkykbZ pkghA gt+jr eqgEenus rhu ckj 'kgknr dh Å¡xyh ls vkleku dh vksj ladsr djds dgk%^^,s vYykg xokg jg]**vki dk [kqRck iwjk gks x;k rks gtjr fcyky us t+qgj dh vTk+kunhA t+qgj vkSj vlz nksuksa uektsa ,d lkFk vnk dh xbZaA mlds cknvki [kqnk dh iz”kalk] Lrqfr vkSj bLrxQ+kj esa O;Lr gks x;sA mlhle; dqjku dh ;g vk;r ¼verse½ mrjh] ftldk vuqokn ;g gS%^^vkt eSus rqEgkjs fy, rqEgkjk nhu ¼/keZ½ iwjk dj fn;kA vkSj rqeijviuh vuqdaik iwjh dj nhA vkSj nhu bLyke dks rqEgkjs fy, ilUndj fy;k**A ¼5% 3½jlwyqYykg us feuk esa Hkh blh izdkj dk vfHkHkk"k.k fn;k D;ksafdbl gt ds [kqRcs esa jlwyqYykg us dgk Fkk fd ^^'kk;n rqe ls fQj HksaVu gks^^ blh dkj.k bldks gTtrqy fonk ¼fonkbZ dk gt½ dgrs gaSAvki ft+fYgTtk ds eghus ds var esa enhuk ykSV vk,sAftCjkbZy dh vkengTtrqyfonk ds dqN fnuksaa ckn ftCjkbZy vehu vkids ikl vk,vkSj nkst+kuw ¼?kqVuksa ds cy cSBus dh eqnzk½ gksdj vkids fudV cSBx,A vkSj vkils bZeku] ,glku ¼midkj½ vkSj d;ker ds ckjs esa dqNiz”u fd;s vkSj vkius mlds mÙkj fn;sA tc oks mBdj pys x;s rksvkius lgkck dks lacksf/kr djds dgk% rqe tkurs gks ;g dkSu Fks] ;gftCjkbZy vehu Fks tks rqedks nhu dh f”k{kk nsus ds mÌs”; ls vk, FksA


181iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoulfj¸;k mlkek fcu tS+n26 lQj 10 fgtjh26 lQ+j 10 fgtjh dks vkius :fe;ksa ls eqdkcys ds fy, lsukdh rS;kjh dk vkns”k fn;kA ;g vafre lfj;k FkkA vkius mlkek fcutS+n dks mldk vehj ¼ljnkj½ fu;qDr fd;kA vkSj bl lsuk esa cM+s&CkM+slgkck dks 'kkfey gksus dk funsZ”k fn;kA vr% vius gkFk ls fpUg cukdjfn;kA gt+jr mlkek us lsuk dks tqQZ+ ds LFkku ij bdëk fd;kA ijUrq;gk¡ ls vkxs tkus ds iqoZ gh jlwyqYykg dk fu/ku gks x;kA fu/ku dklekpkj lqudj og yksx okil ykSV vk,Agt+jr vcw cØ flíhd+ tc [k+yhQ+k ¼”kkld½ cu x, rks fojks/kds mijkar mUgksaus loZizFke mlkek dks jokuk fd;k vkSj t+qQZ rd Loa;NksM+us x,Avafre le;gTtrqyfonk ls okil ykSVrs gq, lwjg vy&ulz mrjhA ;gvkf[kjr dh vksj vkidh okilh dk ladsr FkkA mlds ckn vkibLrx+Qkj o rlchg esa O;Lr gks x,A gt ds volj ij bl vk;r dsmrjus ls] ¼fd vkt eSusa rqEgkjs nhu dks iw.kZ dj fn;k½ eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½dks vuqeku gks x;k Fkk fd vc mudk vafre le; fudV vk pqdk gSAx+nhjs [k+qe ds volj ij vkius vius vfHkHkk"k.k esa dgk Fkk fdeq>dks ;g Hk; ugha fd rqe yksx f”kdZ ¼vYykg ds lkFk fdlh dkslk>snkj cukus½ esa iM+ tkvksxs oju~ ;g Hk; gS fd nqfu;k ds yksHk] bZ";kZvkSj vkilh uQjr esa iM+ tkvksxs vkSj vkil esa yM+ksxs vkSj gykd gksxsAchekjh dh 'kq:vkrlQ+j ds efgus ds vafre lIrkg esa vki ,d jkst+ jkr esa mBsvkSj vius nkl dks txk;k vkSj dgk fd eq>dks ;g vkns”k gqvk gS fd


182iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thoucd+hv ds ijhokj okyksa ds fy, bfLrx+Qkj d:¡A ogk¡ ls okil vkusds ckn rch;r fcxM+ xbZ] flj nnZ vkSj cq[k+kj gks x;kA tc rdyhQvkSj T+;knk c


183iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougtjr eqgEen ¼lYyŒ½ dk nsgkUr gqvkA ml fnu lqcg dks vkiusvius gqtjs dk inkZ mBk;k rks ns[kk fd yksx lQ ck¡/ks uekt+ i


184iSx+Ecjs bLyke gt+jr eqgEen dk thougt+jr vcw cØ flíhd+ dh rd+jhj lqu dj yksxksa dh vfuf”pRrklekIr gks xbZA gt+jr mej Qk:d dgrs gSa fd eq>s ,Slk yxk tSlsfd eSaus igyh ckj bu vk;rksa dks lquk gSA bldks lqudj eSaus tkufy;k fd jlwyqYykg dk fu/ku gks x;kAblh chp ;g lekpkj feyk fd vUlkj ldh+Qk cuh lk;snk esabdÎk gSa vkSj vkidh tku”khuh ds ckjs esa fopkj&foe”kZ dj jgs gSaAvkSj lkn fcu vkscknk ds gkFk ij 'kiFk ysuk pkgrs gSaAgt+jr vcw cØ vkSj mej ogk¡ x, vkSj dqN rdZ&forZd dsi”pkr ;g r; ik;k fd vcw cØ flíhd+ [k+yhQ+k vkSj jlwyqYykg dsizFke tku”khu gksaxsA tc ,d er ls ;g r; gks x;k fd gt+jr vcwcØ flíhd [kyhQ+k pqu fy, x, rc nsgkUr ds nqljs fnu vkidhrtght+&rdQhu (burial) gqbZA vki efLtns&uCoh ds mlhs gqtjs esanQ+u fd, x, tgk¡ vkidk fu/ku gqvk FkkA

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