Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna

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7 = 2 + 5 - EduGains

Apne bCce ke sa4gi`t krnaikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka7 = 2 + 5HINDI


7 = 2 + 5Doing Mathematics with Your Child, Kindergarten to Grade 6(Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se ge/D 6)Ontario Ministry of Education (AoN3eiryo ix9a m.5aly) keHelping Your Child Do Mathematics: A Guide for Parents (ApnebCce ko gi`t krne me. shayta krna: mata-ipta ke il0 0k magRdixRka) kaAa2uinkIkr` hE|Parent Engagement Office ke sa4 wagIdarI me. Literacy andNumeracy Secretariat µara inimRt| [s s.Skr` ke il0 nya:TVOkids.com pr Aaॅnla[n qel AOr i¢ya0>|


iv8y-sUcImata-ipta ke il0 no3................................................................................................................................2mE. Apne bCce ke A@yyn ka sm4Rn kEse kr skta/sktI hU>?....................................................2Apne bCco. kI gi`t sIqne kI 9mta me. ivXvas hona j_+rI Kyo. hE?.....................................3pa#\y¢m se Kya sMbN2 hE.?..................................................................................................................4ku7 mje_dar pairvairk A@yyn ke Anuwv.................................................................................................5nMbr hr jgh hE|......................................................................................................................................5iktna Ai2k? iktna km? iktna? iktna 7o3a?..................................................................15[spr Aapka Kya d hE.?..................................................................................................................................29Aaॅnla[n s.sa2n........................................................................................................................................36TVOkids.com AOr gi`t.....................................................................................................................37pirvaro. µara Apne bCco. ke A@yyn AOr xEi9k p/git me. ijtna Ai2ksm4Rn idya jata hE, ]nke bCco. kI SkUl me. AC7a krne kI AOrApnI ix9a ko jarI rqne kI ]tnI Ai2k s.wavna hotI hE|Karen Mapp AOr Anne Henderson, 2002A New Wave of Evidence:The Impact of School, Family, and CommunityConnections on Student AchievementApne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka1


mata-ipta ke il0 no3mE. Apne bCce ke A@yyn ka sm4Rn kEse kr skta/sktI hU>?Aap Apne bCce kI gi`t ix9a me. 0k mhTvpÙ R ihSsedar hE.|jb Aap Apne bCce ko gi`t ke bare me. socne AOr bat krne me. xaiml krne ke trIko. ko!>U!_te. hE., to Aap ]ske wiv*y kI sflta ka raSta !>U!_ne ka 0k mhTvpU`R trIka p/dankrte hE>|Aaj, AalocnaTmk soc, smSya ko sulzana, tkR krne kI 9mta AOr gi`t ke AnusarsMpkR krne kI 9mta AavXyk kuxlta0> hE.| yh p/i¢ya0> Ontario (AoN3eiryo) ke SkUlo. me.gi`t ke indeRxn kI buinyad hE.| yh ]s smy p/yog me. la{ jatI hE. jb Aap Apne bCce ko[s magRdixRka me. p/Staivt i¢yaAo. me. xaiml krte hE.|0k sa4 A@yyn krne ka AanNd lIij0|mata-ipta ke il0 ]Cctm slahe.• gi`t ke bare me. mj_bUt, skaraTmk rvEye bna[0| jb bCce skaraTmk +p se siMmiltAOr sfl mhsUs krte hE., to [skI s.wavna Ai2k hE ik vh hl !>U!_ne ke il0iksI i¢ya ya gi`t kI smSya se juDe_ rhe.ge|• ]n i¢yaAo. se xu=Aat kIij0 jo Aapke bCce ke gi`t sMbN2I )an ke Str seimltI hE.| smSyaAo. ko sulzane me. jLd sflta Aapke bCce ke AaTmivXvas kob!_a0gI| 2Ire-2Ire ]n i¢yaAo. kI Aor ja[0 jo Aapke bCce ko Ai2k cunOtI p/dankrtI hE.|• yid Aap AOr Aapka bCca English (A.g/ej_I) ke Alava iksI wa8a me. Jyada AaramdehmhsUs krte hE., to ]ska p/yog kIij0| Aapka bCca ]s wa8a me. is©a.to. kobehtr smz pa0ga ijse vh sbse Ai2k janta/jantI hE|pya no3 kIij0: [s magRdixRka me., mata/ipta xBd mata-ipta, s.r9k,deq-req krne valo. AOr ANy pairvairk sdSyo. ko s.boi2t krta hE jobCco. ko gi`t sIqne me. shayta krte hE.|2Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


mata-ipta ke il0 no3Apne bCco. kI gi`t sIqne kI 9mta me. ivXvas hona j_+rI Kyo. hE?gi`t ko smzne se AaTmivXvas b!_ta hE AOr bhut sI n{ nOkiryo. AOr jIivkaAo. ke drvaj_equlte hE.| gi`t ko smzne se hme. inMniliqt krne kI yoGyta imltI hE:• smSyaAo. ko sulzana AOr AC7e in`Ry lena• yh smzana ik hmne smSya ko kEese sulzaya AOr hmne. ko{ ivxe8 in`Ry Kyo. ilya• smSyaAo. ko sulzane ke il0 tknIk ka p/yog krna (jEse kELKyUle3r AOr kMPyU3rp/yoJyta0>)• pE3noR. AOr p/clno. ko smzna taik hm wiv*yvai`ya> kr ske. (]dahr` ke il0, hm [sbat ka @yan rq skte hE. ik iktna jUs ipya gya hE taik hme. yh pta cl ske ikhr sPtah iktna jUs qrIdna hE)• Apne smy AOr 2n ka iny.5` krna (]dahr` ke il0, hm yh ihsab lga skte hE. ikhme. kam tk phu>cne ke il0 iktna smy caih0, hme. qana bnane ke il0 iktna qaneka saman caih0 AOr qane ka saman qrIdne ke il0 iktne pEse caih0>)• rojmraR kI 0esI iS4ityo. ko sMwalna ijnme. nMbr xaiml hE. (jEse yh ihsab lgana ikAglI bs iks smy Aa0gI AOr 0k Vy.jn ivi2 ko ba>3na)[sse phle ik Aapka bCca gi`t sIqe, ]se [sko sIqne kI ApnI 9mta pr ivXvashona j_+rI hE| yha> pr Aap kam Aate hE.| Aap A@yyn ke il0 Apne bCce ke sbse phleAadxR bn skte hE.| jb Aap Apne bCce ke sa4 0k sm4Rk, Aaramdeh vatavr` me. xaimlhote hE., tb Aapke bCce ko gi`t sIqte smy qtre ]#ane me. AanNd Aa0ga|7 = 2 + 5Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka3


mata-ipta ke il0 no3pa#\y¢m se Kya sMbN2 hE.?[s magRdixRka kI i¢yaAo. ko Aapke bCce ko rojmraR kI i¢yaAo. me. gi`t deqne me.shayta krne ke il0 cuna gya 4a| vh bCco. ke qelo. ke Pyar ko wI b!_atI hE.| AOr vhOntario (AoN3eiryo) gi`t pa#\y¢m kI A@yyn kI ]MmIdo. ka sm4Rn krtI hE.|yad riq0 ik Apne bCce kI gi`t sflta ko sm4Rn dene ke il0 Aapko [s magRdixRkakI swI. i¢yaAo. ko krne kI j_+rt nhI. hE| AOr y´ip bhut sI. i¢yaAo. ko xaimlikya gya hE, vh pa#\y¢m kI swI cIj_o. ko pUra nhI. krtI.| yh magRdiRxRka ]s p/kar kIi¢yaAo. ke nmUne p/dan krtI hE ijnka Aap Apne bCce ko gi`t sMbN2I trIke se socna -AOr bolna xu+ krne ke il0 p/oTsaiht krne me. p/yog kr skte hE.|Aap Apne bCce kI irpo3R kaDR p!_ne se Ontario (AoN3eiryo) gi`t pa#\y¢m kI pa>c xaqaAo.ke nam phcan pa0>ge|pa>c xaqa0>Number Sense and Numeration(A.k )an AOr A.kIkr`)Measurement(nap)Patterning and Algebra(pE3nR bnana AOr bIjgi`t)Data Management and Probability(Da3a p/bN2n AOr p/obeibil3I)Geometry and Spatial Sense(reqagi`t AOr S4aink )an)0k gi`t) kI trh socna (AOr bat krna) sIqnaOntario (AoN3eiryo) gi`t pa#\y¢m 0esI sat p/i¢yaAo. ko mhTv deta hE jo gi`t kaA@yyn krne ke il0 AavXyk hE.:• Problem Solving(smSya sulzana)• Reasoning and Proving (socivcar krna AOr is© krna)• Reflecting (ivcar krna)• Connecting (sMbN2 S4aipt krna)• Selecting tools and computationalstratergies (sa2no. AOrAiwklnaTmk kayR nIityo. ko cunna)• Representing(p/itini2Tv krna)• Communicating(sMpkR krna)p/Tyek ge/D me., "gi`t sMbN2I p/i¢ya kI ]MmIdo." ka 0k smUh [s bat ka ivvr` krtahE ik bCce iks trh se gi`t sMbN2I smz ko si¢y +p se sIqte hE. AOr ]ska p/yogkrte hE.|Ontario (AoN3eiryo) gi`t pa#\y¢m:www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/curriculum/ele4Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


nMbr hr jgh hE.|Aapko nar.gI r.g ke p imle.gI. joNumber Sense and Numeration(A.k )an AOr A.kIkr`) ka sm4Rn krtI hE.| yh Ontario (AoN3eiryo) gi`t pa#\y¢m kIvh xaqa hE jo yh smzne ke bare me. hE ik nMbr iks trh kam krte hE. AOr vh iks trh0k dUsre se sMbiN2t hE.| yh buinyadI i¢yaAo.: joD_na, 63ana, gù a krna AOr ivwajnko smaiv*3 krta hE| Number Sense and Numeration (A.k )an AOr A.kIkr`) gi`tsMbN2I soc kI nIv p/dan krta hE|ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3lEjeNDnMbr hr jgh hE.|iktna Ai2k? iktna km? iktna? iktna 7o3a?[spr Aapka Kya d hE.?Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka5


nMbr hr jgh hE.|ignne ke il0 [tnI sarI cIj_e.|faydejb bCce sbse phle ignna xu+ krte hE., to vh mhTvpU`R gi`t sMbN2I is©a.t sIqte hE.:• 0k-se-0k sadca bolte smy vStuAo.ko 7Una, ]nkI Aor [xara krna AOr ]Nhe. ]nkI jgh se ihlana ps.dkrte h.E - [sil0 ]Nhe. 0esa krne ke il0 p/oTsaiht kIij0|• Apne bCce se iqlOne, rso{ ke btRn, D/\ayr se inkalte smy kpDe_, s.g/h kI g{ vStu0>(jEse iS3kr, b3n ya pT4r) AOr 0esI ko{ wI ANy cIje_ ijNhe. Aapka bCca ignne me.=ic idqa0, ]Nhe. ignva[0|• imi&t kr dIij0| Apne bCce se vStuAo. ke 0k smUh kI igntI krva[0 leikn smUh me.Alg-Alg jgho. se xu+ kIij0 (]dahr` ke il0, smUh ke xu+ kI jgh ]ske bIc me. seignna xu+ kIij0)| [sse [s is©a.t ka ivkas hone me. shayta imltI hE ik vStuAo.kI igntI 0k smUh kI iksI wI vStu se xu+ ho sktI AOr ]nkI kul s.Qya ifr wIsman hI hogI|• igntI ke gane ga[0 AOr igntI ko A4RpU`R trIko. se qelo. me. p/yog kIij0, jEseluka-7upI| igntI ke qel, kivta0> AOr gIt hr s.Sit me. hote hE.| ku7 igntI ke ganeAOr kivta0> bCco. ko sI2I AOr ]L3I igntI wI isqate hE.|• bDe_ smUho. kI vStuAo. ko jLdI ignne ke il0 Apne bCce se nMbr 7oD_ 7oD_ kr igntIkrva[0 (do nMbr, pa>c nMbr ya ds nMbr 7oD_ kr hone valI igntI krna)| BlOKs,paSta ke 3ukDe_, 3U4ipKs ya b3no. jEsI vStuAo. ka p/yog kIij0|6Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


NUMBER SENSE AND NUMERATION(A.k )an AOr A.kIkr`)iktne?ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3faydejEse-jEse bCce igntI krte hE. vh raixyo. me. sMbN2 krna sIqte hE. (jEse pa>c b3n)]nke nMbro. ke nam ke sa4 (jEse ik xBd pa>c) AOr icNh (jEse 5)|• 0k qel bnakr, Apne bCce kI ]n icNho. kI jankarI ka ivkas kIij0 jo nMbro. kodxaRne ke il0 p/yog ik0 jate hE.| Apne 6r AOr pD_os me. icNho. ko !>Ui!_0: 3elIivj_n keirmo3 pr, ma[¢ovev pr, 3elIfon ke kIpED pr AOr s.car ma@ym me., inxano. AOr 3Im keSve3ro. pr|• I Spy (Aa[ Spa[) ka nMbr p/a+p qeil0| ]dahr` ke il0, "muze ku7 0esa idq rha hEijspr pa>c nMbr hE," ya "muze [s kmre me. ko{ 0esI cIj_ idq rhI hE jo igntI me.tIn hE.|"• Apne 6r kI cIj_e. ignne me. Apne bCce kI mdd ma>ig0| "mE. soc rha/rhI hU> ik 3ebl keAaspas hmare pas iktnI kuisRya> hE.? [s kmre me.? [s 6r me.?" iqD_ikya>, ibjlI keb3n, lEMp ya ibStr kI igntI kIij0| Aap nMbro. AOr ic5o. ke s.yojn ke p/yog se"iktna" irkaDR kr skte hE.?Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka7


nMbr hr jgh hE.|roj_mraR kI smSyaAo. ko sulzanaslahApne bCce ko iksI gi`t kI smSya ke bare me. [s trIke se bat krneAOr idqane ke il0 p/oTsaiht kIij0 jo ]sko smz Aata ho - ]daahr`ke il0, Aapka bCca ]ska Aiwny kr skta/sktI hE, AslI vStuAo.ka p/yog kr skta/sktI hE, ]ska ic5 bna skta/sktI hE ya ApnI]>gilyo. pr ign skta/sktI hE|Apne bCce ko smSya0> sulzane ke il0 AOr rojmraR ke fEsle lene ke il0 nMbro. ka p/yogkrne me. xaiml kIij0| Aap inMniliqt pU7 skte hE.:• “hme. rat ke qane ke il0 c3nI bnane ke il0 7: 3ma3ro. kI j_+rt hE, AOr hmare pasisfR do hE.| hme. AOr iktne qrIdne kI j_+rt hE?”• “tuMhare pas Apne kmre me. do tikye hE. AOr tuMharI bhn ke pas Apne kmre me. do tikyehE.| muze iktne tikye ke kvr 2one kI j_+rt hE?”• “hmare sa4 rat ka qana qane ke il0 do mehman Aa rhe hE.| hme. iktnI Ple3o. kI j_+rthE? iktne btRno. kI j_+rt hE?”AOr Ai2k cunOtI wrI iS4ityo. me. bDe_ nMbro. ko joD_na AOr 63ana xaiml ho skta hE,ya 0esI iS4itya> ijsme. Aapke bCce ko smSya ko sulzane ke il0 0k se Ai2k bar jmakrna ya 63ana pD_ta hE|8Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


nMbr hr jgh hE.|The Broken Calculator Game (3U3e hu0 kElKyUle3r ka qel)faydegi`t) jante hE. ik iksI raix ko dxaRne ke bhut se Alg-Alg trIke hE. - ]dahr`ke il0, 18 ko 20 - 2 kI trh AOr 15 + 3 kI trh dxaRya ja skta hE|• Apne bCce se yh manne ko kih0 ik kElKyUle3r ka 8 nMbr ka b3n 3U3a huAa hE| ]ssepUi70 ik vh ibna 8 nMbr ke b3n ke S¢In pr 18 nMbr kEse la skta/sktI hE|(nmUne ke ]%ro. me. 20 - 2 AOr 15 + 3 xaiml hE.)|• Alg-Alg “3U3e hu0” b3no. ka p/yog krke [sI trh ke AOr p/Xn pUi70| kElKyUle3r prApne bCce µara idqa0 jane vale nMbr ko bdl kr [s kam ko Jyada Aasan ya AOrcunOtIpÙ R bna[0|10Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


NUMBER SENSE AND NUMERATION(A.k )an AOr A.kIkr`)Aa2a Aa2e ke brabr hota hE - ya hota hE?ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3fayde0k Põ EKxn 0k A.x AOr pÙ R wag me. irXta idqata hE| jb do Põ EKxNj_ kI tulna kIjatI hE, to Aapka bCca yh janna sIqega ik “pÙR wag” ka Kya nap hE|slahbCce yh jan jate hE. ik iksI 7o3I s.Qya ka Aa2a (jEse ik 0k 7o3IrSsI) 0k bD_I s.Qya ke 0k itha{ ihSse se 7o3a ho skta hE (jEse ikJyada bD_I rSsI)|• Apne bCce ke sa4 bhut sare sman Aakar kI cIj_e. [k§I kIij0, jEse kagj_ ka 0k3ukD_a, 0k tOilya, 0k PlesmE3, 0k tSvIr ka Põ em, 0k xIxa, 0k pi5ka AOr 0kiktab|• Apne bCce ko kih0 ik vh hr vStu ka Aa2a idqa0, cahe Aa2e ihSse ka inxan lganeke il0 iksI 2age ka p/yog krke| yh Aapke bCce ke il0 [s bat ko deqne ka wIAvsr hE ik Aa.ixk A.x brabr nap ke hone caih0>|• 0k tOilye ke Aa2e ihSse kI 0k kMbl ke 0k cO4a{ ihSse se tulna kIij0| pUi70,“Kya Aa2a hmexa 0k cO4a{ se bD_a hota hE?” ANy cIj_o. ka p/yog krke batcIt koAnek p/kar kI iS4ityo. tk Aage b!_a[0, Alg-Alg nap kI Ple3o. me. ihSse ya Alg-Algnap ke kmro. me. jgh|= =Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka11


nMbr hr jgh hE.|Money Games (pEso. ke qel)faydenMbro. ko bhut se Alg-Alg trIko. se dxaRya ja skta hE| pEso. ke qelo. ko qelne seAapka bCca [sI muQy bat ko sIqega|slahbCce xayd 0k trh ke isKke ko joD_na xu+ kr de. Kyo.ik ]Nhe. yh Aasanlgta hE|Aapka bCca iks isKke ko phle joD_ta hE: ds se.3 (Da[m) ya pCcIs se.3(Kvaॅ3Rr)?• yh pta lga[0 ik Aapka bCca kOn sa isKka phle joD_na Ai2k psNd krta hE| [sse Aapkoyh pta cl skta hE ik vh iks nMbr ke sa4 iSkp ka].i3.g (nMbr 7oD_ kr igntI krne) me.sbse Ai2k Aaramdeh mhsUs krta/krtI hE| Anek p/kar ke isKko. ko 0k !erI me. riq0, AOr ApnebCce se hr isKke kI kul rkm btane ke il0 kih0| ]dahr` ke +p me., ho skta hE ik 85se.3 pa>c-pa>c se.3 ke isKko. (inkl) me. ho. AOr 50 se.3 ds-ds se.3 ke isKko. (Da[m) me. ho.| jbAapka bCca isKko. ko 7a>3na AOr joD_na xu+ kre to ]se @yan se deiq0| Apne bCce se pUi70 ik]sne yh kEse cuna ik iks isKke ko phle joD_na hE| yh slah dIij0 ik Aap dono. ]n isKko.ko joD_ne ke il0 phl kre.ge ijnse Aapka bCca km Aaramdeh hE| ]dahr` ke il0, Agr AapkabCca pa>c-pa>c se.3 ke isKko. (inkl) ko joD_ne me. Aaramdeh mhsUs krta hE, to ]skI jghpCcIs se.3 ke isKko. (Kvaॅ3Rro.) ko joD_ne ke il0 phl kIij0| jo sbse phle [n isKko. ko joD_lega vh jIt ja0ga|• The Money Game (pEso. ka qel)| 0k iqlaD_I bE.kr hE AOr dUsra Aka]N3eN3| Aap qel me.Apne bCce ke sa4 ikrdar bdl skte hE.| 2n kI 0esI raix ka p/yog kIij0 jo kevl isKko.ke p/yog se idqa{ ja sktI hE - ]dahr` ke il0, $1.75|1. bE.kr: "mere pas bE.k me. $1.75 hE.| mere pas iks ju3av ke isKke ho skte hE.?"Aka]N3eN30k ya 0k se Ai2k mumikn ju3av idqata hE|2. bE.kr: "mere pas bE.k me. $1.75 hE.| [s raix ko bnane ke il0 mere pas sbse km isKko.ka nMbr kOn sa ho skta hE?" Aka]N3eN3 [s raix ko idqane ke il0 sbse kmisKko. ka p/yog krta hE|3. bE.kr: "mere pas bE.k me. $1.75 hE.| mere pas ds isKke hE.| vh kOn se isKke ho sktehE.?" Aka]N3eN3 [s raix ko idqane ke il0 ds isKko. ka p/yog krta hE|• Aap ijn isKko. se qel rhe hE., ]nkI s.Qya ko bdl kr ya isKko. ke p/kar ko sIimt krke(]dahr` ke il0, isfR ds-ds se.3 ke isKke (Da[m) ya pa>c-pa>c se.3 ke isKke (inkl))Money Game (pEso. ke qel) ko Jyada Aasan ya Jyada muiXkl bna skte hE.|12Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


NUMBER SENSE AND NUMERATION(A.k )an AOr A.kIkr`)What’s My Number? (mera nMbr Kya hE?)g/eD 4 se g/eD 6faydeyh socne se ik 0k nMbr kI dUsre nMbr se kEse tulna hotI hE ya vh kEse 0kdUsre se sMbiN2t hote hE. hme. nMbro. ke bare me. gi`t)o. kI trh socne me. shaytakrta hE - yain kI, lck ke sa4|slahWhat’s My Number? (mera nMbr Kya hE?) ka qel qelte smy sMwavnaAo.ko sIimt krne ke il0 Aapke bCce µara jo kU3 nIitya> p/yog kIg{ hE. ]npr @yan dIij0|• 0k nMbr la[n idqa{ dene vala 0k ]pkr` hE jo nMbro. kI tulna krne ke il0 p/yogikya jata hE| yh nMbr la[n ka 0k ]dahr` hE:• nIce kI Aor s.ket krta huAa lal tIr nMbr la[n pr 3.2 ka dxmlv nMbr idqata hE|• [s qel me. p/yog krne ke il0 ko{ dxmlv nMbr soic0| ]dahr` ke il0, Apne bCce sekih0, "mera dxmlv nMbr [s nMbr la[n pr khI. iS4t hE| vh 1 se bD_a hE AOr 4 se7o3a hE|"• Aapka bCca Ab 0ese p/Xn pU7kr Aapke nMbr ka A.daja lgane kI koixx krta hEijnka ]%r Aap isfR ha> ya n me. de skte hE.| ]dahr` ke il0, "Kya vh nMbr 2 AOr 4ke bIc hE?" "Kya vh nMbr 3.5 se bD_a hE?" [sko tb tk jarI riq0 jb tk AapkabCca Aapke cune hu0 nMbr ka A.daja n lga le AOr Aapke nMbr ko nMbr la[n pr ]skIjgh pr n ilq de|• wUimka bdl lIij0 AOr Apne bCce ko 0k dxmlv nMbr AOr nMbr la[n cunne dIij0AOr p/i¢ya ko dohra[0|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka13


nMbr hr jgh hE.|Aanupaitk soc hmare Aaspas sb jgh hEfaydetulna krne ka bhut sa Anuwv hote hu0, Aapka bCca Aaiqrkar Aanupaitk soc kIAor p/git krega - yain kI, gù a ke p/yog se tulna kr pana|slahgù aTmk tulna: “vh vySk ]s bCce se Jyada lMba hE|”yogaTmk tulna: “vh vySk ]s bCce se 100 seN3ImI3r Jyada lMba hE|”gù a ka p/yog krne valI tulna: “vh vySk ]s bCce se dugna lMba hE|”Asl jIvn me. 0esI iS4ityo. ko !>Ui!_0 jo Aanupaitk soc ko xaiml krtI hE.| Apne bCceko ApnI soc smzane ke il0 kih0| yha> ku7 ]dahr` id0 g0 hE.:• imS3r sI kI kar kI la[3e. pUrI xiKt se nhI. cl rhI hE.| vh 2ImI ho rhI hE. AOr ApnI25% cmk qo rhI hE.| Kya ]se rat ko kar clana caih0? Kyo. ya Kyo. nhI.?• gEbir0Lla ApnI bhn ke hr roj_ ke ]ske Aqbar ba.3ne ke kam me. ]skI mdd krne kavada krtI hE| ]skI bhn khtI hE ik vh ]se Apne munafe ka 0k cO4a{ ihSsa degI|Kya yh sOda gEbir0Lla ke il0 AC7a hE? bta[0 Kyo.|• [s ic5 ka mtlb smza[0| [s jankarI se 0k pirvar Kya in`Ry le skta hE?14Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


iktna Ai2k? iktna km? iktna? iktna 7o3a?Aapko ppRl p imle.gI jo Measurement (nap) ka sm4Rn krtI hE.|yh Ontario (AoN3eiryo) gi`t pa#\y¢m kI vh xaqa hE jo Aapke bCce ka pircy ]s cIj_se krvatI hE ik kEse gi`t) vStuAo. kI }>ca{, lMba{ AOr cOD_a{ ko in2aRirt krte hE.|yh [s bat ko wI smzata hE ik vStuAo. µara 6era gya 9e5fl (0rIAa), vStuAo. me. rqI g{ma5a (kpEis3I) AOr vStuAo. µara 6erI g{ jgh (voLyUm) iks trh in2aRirt ikya jata hE|ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3lEjeNDnMbr hr jgh hE.|iktna Ai2k? iktna km? iktna? iktna 7o3a?[spr Aapka Kya d hE.?Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka15


iktna Ai2k? iktna km? iktna? iktna 7o3a?6r ke Aaspas cIj_o. kI tulna krnafaydekevl 6r ke Aaspas cIj_o. kI tulna krne se, Aapka bCca nap ke ku7 samaNy is©a.toko smzna xu+ kr skta hE:• kwI-kwI, hm iksI raix ka Anuman lga skte hE.| hme. hmexa 0k iniXct nap kIAavXykta nhI. hotI|• 0k hI vStu ko Alg-Alg trIko. se napa ja skta hE|• 0k napne ke AOj_ar ko hr bar sman trIke se p/yog krne kI j_+rt hE|• Apne bCce se [s bat ka Anuman lgane ko kih0 ik sPtah ke il0 Aapke pirvar koiksI g/osrI kI vStu (]dahr` ke il0, iksI trh ke fl ya sBj_I, b/ED ya paltu janvrke qane) kI iktnI s.Qya kI j_+rt hogI| pUi70, "tum Kyo. socte ho ik ]s s.Qya kIj_+rt hogI?" sPtah ke A.t me., Apne bCce se Asl me. p/yog kI g{ s.Qya ko ignva[0|• AlmarI me. se iDBbe, bKse AOr pEke3 [k§e kIij0| Apne bCce se kih0 ik ]Nhe. iksI trhke ¢m me. lga0 (]dahr` ke il0, sbse lMbe AOr sbse 7o3e, Jyada ma5a rqne vale AOrkm ma5a rqne vale, qalI AOr wre hu0, warI AOr hLke)|• swI mapo. vale iDBbe AOr 0k kaॅfI ka cmca, 0k PlaiS3k kp ya 0k kpD_e 2one kesabun ke iDBbe me. se cmca [k§e kIij0| Apne bCce se ret ke iDBbe me. ret ya is.k me.panI ko p/yog krva ke Anek iDBbo. kI kpEis3I ko napne AOr ]skI tulna krne kokih0| Apne bCce se ]n cmco. ya kpo. kI s.Qya ko ignne AOr ]skI tulna krne kokih0 jo p/Tyek iDBbe ko wrne ke il0 lgte hE.| pUi70, "iks iDBbe ne sbse Jyada ma5ako s.6i3t ikya? iksne sbse km ma5a ko s.6i3t ikya?"16Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


MEASUREMENT (nap)iktna smy lgta hE?ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3faydesmy ke p/mai`k yuin3o. ke p/yog ko sIqne ke il0 AWyas AOr Anuwv kIj_+rt hotI hE| jb Aapka bCca smy ke pirvtRn ko injI 63naAo. se joD_tahE, to vh ]n nap ke xBdo. ko smzne ka ivkas krta/krtI hE ijsme. Avi2xaiml hE:• Ai2k smy ke il0 AOr km smy ke il0 • jLdI pUra hone vala AOr 2IrepUra hone vala • phla AOr AaiqrI • phle AOr bad me.• Apne bCce ko smy ke bItne ka Aawas krvane ke il0 [xaro. ka p/yog kIij0 (]dahr`ke il0, "hme. tuMhare iqlOne #Ik jgh pr rqne ke il0 kevl do imn3 lge")| ApnebCce ko p/itidn kI i¢yaAo. ke s.dwR me. smy bta[0 (]dahr` ke il0, "ds imn3 me.xam ke 7 bj ja0>ge AOr tuMhare nhane ka smy ho ja0ga")|•yh janne ke il0 ik SkUl phu>cne ke il0, qana qane ke il0, AOr sone kI tEyarIkrne ke il0 ya 0k qel qelne ke il0 iktna smy lgta hE, Apne bCce ke sa4 imlkr6D_I ka p/yog kIij0|•Apne bCce ko 0k kEle.Dr pr injI AOr pairvairk kayR¢mo. ko suVyviS4t krna isqaneme. xaiml kIij0|Apne bCce se kEle.Dr pr ku7 ps.dIda "6r se dUr" kI i¢yaAo. (jEse ikko{ qel qelna, la[b/erI jana ya iksI doSt se imlne jana) AOr iks smy yh i¢yahogI [ska smy ilqva lIij0 (]dahr` ke il0, saॅkr xam 7 bje se 8 bje tk)|mOsm AOr Ai2k mOsm• Apne AOr Apne bCce ko sa4 deqne ke il0 iqD_kI ke bahr 0k bahr lgane vala4maRmI3r lga[0| Apne bCce ke sa4, 0k idn, sPtah ya ku7 sPtaho. ke dOrantapman ko irkaॅDR kIij0| Apne bCce se irkaॅiDR.g ko deqne ke il0 AOr yh pta lganeke il0 kih0 ik kOn sa tapman sbse grm 4a AOr kOn sa sbse #.D_a 4a| ApnebCce se pUi70 ik iks trh tapman ne ]skI i¢yaAo. pr Asr ikya| Apne bCce seApne bahr ke 4maRmI3r ke tapman AOr qbro. me. irpo3R ik0 tapman kI tulna krva[0|iksI wI iwéta kI AOr mumikn kar`o. kI ccaR kIij0|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka17


iktna Ai2k? iktna km? iktna? iktna 7o3a?Anuman: 0k mhTvpÙR gi`tIy kuxltafaydekb b!_ana ya 63ana hE, 0k bdltI hu{ kul s.Qya ka pta kEse lgana hE - jLdIhI yh Anuman lgane kI kU3 nIitya> Aapke bCce ke il0 bhut Aasan bn ja>0gI|slahshayk nMbr vh hE. ijnke sa4 manisk +p se kam krna Aasan hE, AOrbCce [nka p/yog iksI ]%r ka Anuman lgane ke il0 kr skte hE.|nj_dIkI Da[m? Kva3Rr? Dolr? tk pU`aR.kn krte smy Aapke bCce kokul s.Qya ka pta lgane ke il0 kOn se shayk nMbr mdd kr rhe hE.?• jb Aap qrIddarI krte hE., to Apne bCce se ]n kImto. ke p/yog µara, ijse vh b!_ate ya63ate hE., Apne µara qcR kI g{ rkm ke bdlte hu0 joD_ ka ihsab rqva[0| 0k cunOtIke il0, Apne µara qcR kI jane valI pEso. kI raix pr sIma lga[0|• Apne bCce ko ApnI psNdIda dukan pr qcR krne ke il0 0k kaLpink bj3 dIij0(iv)apn puiStka0> ya Aaॅnla[n sUicya> shayk ho sktI hE.)| ibna raix ilqe, Apne bCcese qrIdI jane valI cIjo. ka cunav krva[0| ]se bj3 me. rhne ke il0 Anuman kap/yog krna pD_ega| ifr, Apne bCce se AslI kImto. ka joD_ krva[0| Kya vh bj3 kewItr rha/rhI? 0k cunOtI ke +p me., Apne bCce ko iksI wI 3EKs ka Anuman lgane me.mdd kIij0|18Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


MEASUREMENT (nap)nap ke iv8yg/eD 4 se g/eD 6fayde0k bar Aapke bCce ko yh smz Aa ja0 ik meitök isS3m kI suVyvS4a iks trhhotI hE AOr yuin3 0k dUsre se iks trh sMbiN2t hote hE., pirvtRn bhut Aasan hoja0ga|slahmeitök isS3m [s trh se suVyviS4t hota hE:10 imlImI3r = 1 seN3ImI3r100 seN3ImI3r = 1 mI3r1000 mI3r = 1 iklomI3rmeitök isS3m ke bare me. socne ka 0k AOr trIka hE ik mI3r lMba{ kaAa2airk yuin3 hE:0k iklomI3r 1000 mI3r hota hE|0k seN3ImI3r 1/100 mI3r hota hE|0k imlImI3r 1/1000 mI3r hota hE|Apne bCce ke sa4, 0esI iS4ityo. ko !>Ui!_0 ijnme. meitök nap xaiml ho., AOr ]nkI ccaRAOr tulna kIij0:• pkate ya bek krte smy, Apne bCce se Aapko yh janne me. shayta krne ko kih0 ikg/am me. id0 g0 nap iklog/am me. iktne ho.ge (ya [ska ]L3a)|• ku7 bnate smy, Apne bCce se yh pta krne ko kih0 ik seN3ImI3r me. id0 g0 nap mI3rme. iktne ho.ge|• ya5a krte smy, Apne bCce se yh pta krne ko kih0 ik iklomI3r me. id0 g0 napmI3r me. iktne ho.ge|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka19


[spr Aapka Kya d


GEOMETRY AND SPATIAL SENSE(reqagi`t AOr S4aink )an)Clue Game (s.keto. se qela jane vala qel)ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3faydeyh qel Aapke bCce ko rEiqkIy soc kI buinyado. se pirict krvata hE - A4aRt,vStuAo. ke S4an ka gi`t sMbN2I trIke se v`Rn ikya ja skta hE|• iksI vStu ko cuin0 AOr idxaTmk wa8a ka p/yog krke Apne bCce ko ]s vStu tkphu>cne ke il0 s.ket dIij0: }pr, nIce, iksI cIj_ ke }pr, iksI cIj_ ke nIce, bIcme., bIc me. se, sa4 me., pI7e, iksI cIj_ ke Aage AOr iksI cIj_ ke }pr|• Aap qel ko AOr cunOtIpÙ R bna skte hE.:• do-ihSso. ke indeRx dIij0 - ]dahr` ke il0, “vh 3ebl ke }pr hE AOr no3buk kedaihnI Aor hE|”• Apne bCce se 0ese p/Xn pu7va[0 jEse, “Kya ]skI }prI sth smtl hE?” “Kyavh 3ebl ke nIce hE?”• ]n vStuAo. ke bare me. s.ket dIij0 jo iksI dUsre kmre me. hE. taik Aapke bCce koApne idmag me ]s vStu ka dU!_ne ko kih0, jEseik gol, cOrs, i5ko` AOr Aayt| ]dahr` ke il0, Apne bCce ko Anek Aakar kesD_k ke icNh AOr ]n pr jo Aakar hE., ]nke nam !>U!_ne me. shayta kIij0|• 3-D Hunt (3-D qoj)| Apne bCce ko tIn-AayamI vStu0> !>U!_ne me. shayta kIij0: KyUb,kon, SfIr (jEse ik 0k ge.d), ip/J_m (jEse ik 0k iDBba), ipraimD AOr isil.Dr| [sbare me. bat kIij0 ik iks trh 0k pOp kEn ya 0k pepr 3aॅvl rol 0k isil.Dr iktrh hE|• Apne bCce ke sa4 I Spy (Aa[ Spa[) ka qel qeil0 AOr ]se iksI vStu ka Aap µarabta0 g0 ]ske Aakar se A.daja lgane ko kih0: “muze 0esa ku7 idq rha hE jo golhE|” “muze 0esa ku7 idq rha hE ijska Aakar isil.Dr jEsa hE|” do Aakaro. ka namlekr [s qel ko AOr cunOtIpU`R bna[0: “muze ku7 0esa idq rha hE jo gol hE AOr]ske }pr 0k cOrs hE|”Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka21


[spr Aapka Kya d rhte hE. ]ske sMbN2 me. ko{ doSt kha> rhta hE ya ]ske sMbN2 me. kone kIdukan kha> hE, [ske bare me. bat kIij0| idxasUck xBdo. AOr vaKya.xo. ka p/yog kIij0,jEse sa4 me. AOr ]ske daihnI Aor| 0k sa4 imlkr, 4l icNho. AOr janI-phcanI jgho.pr inxan lgate hu0, Apne pD_os ka nKxa bna[0|smanta hmare Aaspas sb jgh hE• Apne bCce ke sa4, swI sman bDe_ A9r phcain0|smanta kI 0k reqa ya do reqaAo. ke Anusar ApnebCce se bD_e A9r 7.3va[0| ]dahr` ke il0, C me.0k 9Eitj smanta kI reqa hE; H me. do smantakI reqa0> hE., 0k l.b+p AOr dUsrI 9Eitj|•smanta kI qoj ke il0 ja[0| Apne bCce ke sa4,Apne 6r ke Aaspas ]n Aakaro. vStuAo., !a.co. AOriDj_a[no. ko !>Ui!0 ijnme. smanta kI reqa0> ho.| [s bat kI ccaR kIij0 ik Kya ]npr9Eitj, l.b+p ya ivk`R smanta ik reqa0> hE.| vaॅlpepr, j_mIn kI 3a[lo., pEk krne keiDBbo. pr ic5o. AOr iDj_a[no. ko deiq0|22Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


GEOMETRY AND SPATIAL SENSE(reqagi`t AOr S4aink )an)kOn se Aakar !>aco. ko pKka bnate hE.?g/eD 4 se g/eD 6fayde[n qelo. ko qelne se, Aapke bCce ko smz Aa0ga ik ku7 Aakar dUsre Aakaro. seAi2k pKke hote hE.|slahinmaR` kI i¢ya0> Aapke bCce ko yh socne me. shayta krtI hE. ik kEseku7 Aakar cIj_o. ko nIce igrne se bcate hE.|• Apne bCce ko Aam.i5t kIij0 ik vh 50 Stöaॅya Aqbar ko ks kr 6uma kr bna{ g{3yUbo. AOr ku7 3ep ka p/yog krke 0k ApneAap qD_a rhne vala sbse lMba !a>ca bna0jo vh bna skta/sktI hE| yh !a>ca j_mInse ya iksI dIvar se ya iksI fnIRcr kIvStu se nhI. juD_a hona caih0|• Apne bCce se pUi70 ik ]ske ivcar se kOnse Aakar (]dahr` ke il0, Aayt, i5ko`ya gol) !a>ce ko pKka bna0>ge|• Apne bCce ke sa4, k.kalIy !a>co. kI tSvIro.ko deiq0, jEse ik ha[D\/o[lEiKtök 3aॅvr,rolr koS3r AOr sSpeNxn ib/j| Apne bCce sepUi70 ik [n !a>co. kI kOn sI ivxe8ta ]Nhe.pKka bnatI hE AOr Apne bCce se yh smzaneko kih0 ik 0esa Kyo. hE|• Apne bCce se pUi70 ik Kya [n iDj_a[no. me.smanta ke ]dahr` hE.| Apne bCce ko smzaneko kih0 ik ]se yh kEse pta hE|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka23


ar-bar|Aapko hre p imle.gI jo Patterning and Algebra (pE3nR bnanaAOr bIjgi`t) ka sm4Rn krtI hE.| yh Ontario (AoN3eiryo) gi`t pa#\y¢m kI vh xaqahE jo bCco. ko Aage kI k9aAo. me. A.k )an, nap, reqaig`t, bIjgi`t AOr Aa.kD_a p/bN2nkI p!_a{ ke il0 tEyar krne me. shayta krtI hE| Aaityo. ko janne AOr phcanne kI9mta bCco. ko Apne inrI9`o. ke Aa2ar pr wiv*yva`I krne me. shayta krtI hE|lEjeNDnMbr hr jgh hE.|iktna Ai2k? iktna km? iktna? iktna 7o3a?[spr Aapka Kya d hE.?7 = 2 + 524Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


PATTERNING AND ALGEBRA (pE3nR bnana AOr bIjgi`t)pE3nR ke il0 sunnaikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3• 0k ¢m me. Apne ha4o. se talI bja[0 AOr 0k pEr ko j_mIn pr mair0 (jEse ik talI,talI, pEr marna; talI, talI, pEr marna; talI, talI, pEr marna)| Apne bCce se [s¢m ko dohrane ko kih0| ifr imlkr [s pE3nR me. iwéta0> la[0|• Apne bCce ko Aasan nU!_nekI koixx kIij0|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka25


ar-bar|pE3no.R ka v`Rn krnafaydedohra0 jane vale pE3nR me., pE3nR ka sar vh ihSsa hE jo bar bar dohrata hE-]dahr`ke il0, ABB ABB ABB pE3nR me., pE3nR ka sar ABB hE| Apne bCce ko [n mje_darAWyaso. me. dohrane vale pE3noR. ka !a>ca phcanne me. shayta kIij0|slahca3R, 3ebl AOr g/af pE3noR. kI ivix*3ta dxaRne ke ku7 trIke hE.|• nO cMmco. ko 0k p.iKt me. 0ese riq0 ik hr hE.Dl }pr ya nIce kI trf [xara kreijsme. pE3nR ka sar ho }pr, }pr, nIce (}pr, }pr, nIce; }pr, }pr, nIce; }pr,}pr, nIce)| Apne bCce se ]s pE3nR ko b!_ane ke il0 kih0|• [s kayR ko AOr cunOtIpU`R bna[0 AOr Apne bCce se pE3noR. ka v`Rn krne AOr ]se }>cabolne ke il0 kih0:• pE3nR ke sar ko AOr lMba kIij0-]dahr` ke il0, }pr, }pr, nIce, }pr; }pr,}pr, nIce, }pr; }pr, }pr, nIce, }pr|• pE3nR ke sar ke 0k tTv ko bdl dIij0-]dahr` ke il0, }pr, }pr, nIce, 0ktrf; }pr, }pr, nIce, 0k trf; }pr, }pr, nIce, 0k trf|• Apne bCce ke sa4 3U4ipk ya S®aॅ ke p/yog se b!_te hu0 pE3noR. ko !>Ui!_0| Apne bCce se kih0ik vh pE3nR ko b!_ata rhe| Aage Kya Aa0ga?26Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


PATTERNING AND ALGEBRA (pE3nR bnana AOr bIjgi`t)iktne ka Anuman lga[0g/eD 4 se g/eD 6faydeyh i¢ya Aapke bCce ko yh socne me. shayta krtI hE ik yh pE3nR ]sse AagekEse cl skta hE jha> tk vh deq skta/sktI hE- gi`t sMbN2I Anumano. kaAa2ar|slahpE3nR ke dohrane vale wag ko km se km tIn bar idqa kr Apne bCceko smzne me. shayta kIij0| ]dahr` ke il0, 3, 6, 5, 10, 9, 18,17 ke pE3nR me., [s pE3nR ko nMbr ko dugna krke 0k 63ana, nMbr kodugna krke 0k 63ana, nMbr ko dugna krke 0k 63ane vala pE3nR khaja skta hE|• Apne nam ke phla A9r p/yog krke b/ED ke 3Eg ya BlaKs ke p/yog se 0k b!_ta huAaya 63ta huAa pE3nR bna[0| yh T A9r ke b!_te hu0 pE3nR ka 0k ]dahr` hE:Size nap 1 1 Size nap 2 nap Size 3 Size nap 44 nap Size 5• Apne bCce se kih0 ik pE3nR me. Agle tIn T bnane kI koixx kre, AOr ]se pE3nR keinym ka v`Rn krne ke il0 kih0| idqaya gya pE3nR tIn BlaKs se xu= hota hE AOrhr bar ]sme. do BlaKs juD_te hE.|• Apne bCce se yh ihsab lgane ko kih0 ik nap 15 ke A9r T ke il0 ]se iktneBlaKs kI j_+rt pDe_gI| [s trh ke p/Xn bCco. ko pE3nR ke inym ko samaNy inym ka+p dene dete hE. AOr ibna pE3nR ko hr bar bna0 Jyada muiXkl smSyaAo. ko sulzane detehE.| (nap 15 ke A9r T ko bnane me. 31 BlaKs lge.ge|)• wUimka0> bdl lIij0 AOr Apne bCce se kih0 ik Aapke il0 A9r pE3nR bna0|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka27


ar-bar|mere inym ka A.daja lga[0|• 0k s.QyaTmk pE3nR bna[0 AOr Apne bCce se [s pE3nR me. bad me. Aane vale nMbr kaAnuman lgane ko kih0| ]dahr` ke il0, Apne bCce se [s bat ka Anuman lgane keil0 kih0 ik 1, 4, 7, 10, …. jEse pE3nR me. Aa#ve. S4an pr kOn sa nMbr hoga|Place12345Number14710• ho skta hE Aapka bCca 0k nMbr se dUsre nMbr me. 0k pE3nR inym deqe AOr bole, "mE.0k se xu+ krta/krtI hU> AOr hr bar tIn joD_ta/joD_tI hU>|" pE3nR ko b!_ane se, vhAa#ve. S4an ka nMbr pta kr lega/legI (1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22)| ya hoskta hE Aapka bCca S4an me. AOr nMbr me. sMbN2 deq le, jEse Aa#va> nMbr hoga 1Pls 3 gù a 7 ya 1 + (3 x 7) = 1 + 21 = 22 |gù a ke t$yo. me. pE3nR !>U!_na|slahjb bCco. ke pas Apne tkR ivtkR ko ivkist krne ka Avsr hota hE,to vh 0k gù a ke is©a.t kI Ai2k smz wI ivkist krte hE.|• Apne bCce ko 0ese Anek trIko. ko ja.cne kI Anumit dIij0 ijsse pE3nR ]se gu`a ket$yo. ko yad rqne me. shayta kr ske.| ]dahr` ke il0, Agr Aapke bCce ko 6 × 4ka gu`n (]%r) yad nhI. Aa rha pr yh pta hE ik 6 × 2 = 12, to vh duguna krnekI kayRnIit ka p/yog krke do ke 3a[m 3ebl ke )an ko car ke 3a[m 3ebl pr lagU krskta/sktI hE| jb 6 × 2 ke gùgùn (]%r) ke brabr hota hE|n (]%r) ko duguna ikya jata hE, to vh 6 × 4 ke• Agr Aapke bCce ko 3 × 7 ka gu`n (]%r) yad nhI. Aa rha pr yh pta hE ik 2 × 7 = 14,to vh 7 ka 0k AOr smUh joD_ kr 21 bna skta/sktI hE| yh kayRnIit 7: ke 3a[m3ebl ke il0 wI kam krtI hE| im5vt-nMbr pa>c ke 3a[m 3ebl ko 7: ka 3a[m 3eblsulzane ke il0 bCce ApnI shUilyt ka p/yog kr skte hE.-]dahr` ke il0, 4 × 6 kagù n (]%r) 4 × 5 + ]sme. 4 ka 0k AOr smUh ijsse 24 bne, ]ske brabr hE|28Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


Kya s.wavna0> hE.?Aapko gulabI p


Kya s.wavna0> hE.?jIvn ke il0 7a>3nafayde6r ke Aaspas kI vStuAo. ko 7a>3ne AOr ]nka vgIRkr` krne me. p/ar.iwk AnuwvbCco. ko [s bat ke il0 tEyar krne me. shayta kr skta hE ik vh Da3a koA4RpÙ R vgoR. me. suVyviS4t kr ske.|slahbCce Aksr yh smza skte hE. ik ]Nho.ne vStuAo. ko kEse 7a>3a leikn ]Nhe.yh smzne me. muiXkl ho sktI hE ik dUsro. ne vStuAo. ko kEse 7a>3a|• 0k Aasan 7a>3ne ke inym ko socne se xu=Aat kIij0 (jEse ik "smUh me. sb ku7 nIlahE"), AOr ku7 vStuAo. ko [s inym ke Anusar 7a>i30| Apne bCce se inym ka Anumanlgane ke il0 kih0| 0k dUsre se rol bdl lIij0|• Apne bCce ko 6r kI cIj_e 7a>3ne ke il0 p/oTsaiht kIij0-r.go ke Anusar ¢eyaॅn, p/kar yaAakar ke Anusar cakU 7urI [Tyaid, rIsa[iKl.g baॅKs ke il0 cIj_e. ya iPõ j AOr AlmarIke il0 cIj_e.|• Apne bCce se vStuAo. ko do smUho. me. 7>3va[0: vh ijnme. qas ivxe8ta0> hE. AOr vh ijnme.nhI. hE. (]dahr` ke il0, kpD_o. ka 0k smUh jo hE.gr pr 3a>ge jate hE. AOr kpD_o. ka smUhjo nhI. 3a>ge jate)| "tumne [Nhe. kEse 7a>3a?" "yh vStu0> sman kEse hE.? Alg kEse hE.?""Kya tum [Nhe. iksI AOr trIke se 7a>3 skte ho?" jEse p/Xn pU7kr Apne bCce kI socke bare me. bat kIij0|30Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


DATA MANAGEMENT AND PROBABILITY(Da3a p/bN2n AOr p/obeibil3I)Jyada ]jle idn ya brsatI idn?ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3faydeDa3a ko smzne kI shayta krne ke il0 7o3e bCce wI Aasan g/af, 3ebl, ca3RAOr ANy g/Eifk Aayojk ka p/yog kr skte hE.|slahipK3og/af vh g/af hE jo s.QyaTmk Da3a ko dxaRne ke il0 ic5o. ka p/yogkrta hE|• hr roj_ ka mOsm irkaDR krne ke il0 Apne bCce se 0k kEle.Dr pr ic5 bnva[0| sPtahya mhIne ke ANt me., 0k ipK3og/af bna[0 ijsme. yh idqaya gya ho ik ]s mhIne me.iktne ]jle idn, badl 7aye hu0 idn AOr brsatI idn 4e|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka31


Kya s.wavna0> hE.?iksI pairvairk kayR¢m kI yojna bnane ke il0 Da3a ka p/yog krnafaydeyh i¢ya Aapke bCce ko ]n kar`o. se pirict krva0gI ijnkI vjh se hm Da3a ko[k§a AOr suVyviS4t krte hE - yain kI, p/Xno. ke ]%r dene ke il0 AOr wiv*y keil0 yojna0> bnane ke il0|slahApne bCce ko inMniliqt ke bare me. in`Ry lene ko kih0:• kOn se sveR9` ke p/Xn pU7ne hE.• Da3a kEse 0ki5t kre. (jEse ik sveR9` ke p/Xno. ka ]%r kOn dega)• Da3a ko suVyviS4t kEse kre. (jEse ik 0k 3ElI ka p/yog krke yanamo. ke sa4 icNh bnakr)• ho skta hE Aapka bCca xI6/ Aane vale pairvairk kayR¢m ke bare me. sveR9` krna cahe- ]dahr` ke il0, “pirvar ke sdSy iks p/kar kI i¢ya krna sbse Ai2k ps.d kre.ge?”“iks p/kar ke qane AOr pIne kI cIj_e log sbse Ai2k ps.d kre.ge?• Apne bCce ko 0ese sveR9` ke p/Xn tEyar krne ke il0 kih0 ijnke ]%r me. kevl ha> yanhI. kI AavXykta n ho (]dahr` ke il0, “Aap jUs lena ps.d kre.ge?” kI jgh “Aapiks trh kI iD/\.k ps.d kre.ge?”)• Apne bCce ko ty krne dIij0 ik ikska sveR9` ikya ja0ga (isfR nj_dIkI pirvar kesdSy? ivSt


DATA MANAGEMENT AND PROBABILITY(Da3a p/bN2n AOr p/obeibil3I)The Often, Sometimes or Never Game (AKsr, kwI-kwI ya kwI nhI. ka qel)ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3faydeqelo. ke ma@ym se, Aap Apne bCce ko gi`t)o. kI ]s wa8a se pirict krva sktehE. jo iksI 63na ke hone kI s.wavna ka v`Rn krtI hE: pKka, s.waivt, As.waivt,As.wv AOr ]tna hI s.wv|• Apne bCce se ]n cIj_o. ke ic5 bnane ko ya ]nke bare me. bat krne ko kih0 jo Aapkapirvar hmexa, AKsr AOr kwI-kwI krta hE AOr ku7 cIj_e. jo Aapka pirvar kwInhI. krta| Apne bCce se pUi70 ik [s p/kar kI wa8a ka p/yog krke vh AOr kOn serojmraR ke kayR¢mo. ke bare me. bat kr skta/sktI hE|• kar me. sfr krte smy [s qel ko qeil0| 63naAo. ke nam lIij0 AOr Apne bCce koty krne dIij0 ik vh s.waivt hE, s.waivt nhI. hE, ya kwI nhI. hoga| Aap kevl ApnIkLpna µara sIimt hE.| ]dahr` ke il0:• hm jnvrI me. tEre.ge|• hm jnvrI me. bahr tEre.ge|• hmarI rso{ kI iqD_kI se 0k 6oD_a ]D_ kr ja0ga|• ptzD_ me. p%e Apna r.g bdle.ge|• S4anIy iciD_ya6r me. 0k Da[nosor Aa rha hE|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka33


Kya s.wavna0> hE.?hm sPtah ke A.t me. Apna smy kEse ibtate hE.?faydeyh pirvairk sveR9` Aapke bCce ko p/a4imk Da3a 0ki5t krne ka Anuwv deta hE -jankarI ke vh wag jo sveR9`o., inrI9`o. AOr prI9`o. ke j_irye p/Ty9 +p me. [k§eik0 jate hE.|slahApne bCce ko Da3a ke bare me. socne ke il0 p/oTsaiht kIij0:• 0ese kOn se ku7 trIke. hE. ijnse Aap Apne Da3a ko [k§a kr sktehE. AOr irkaDR kr skte hE.?• Agr Aap sPtah ke idno. ko xaiml krte to Da3a kEsa lgta?• AapkI qoj sPtah ke A.t me. hmare pirvar µara furst ke smy kep/yog pr Kya Asr kr sktI hE?• log furst ke smy ke SvS4 p/yog ke bare me. bhs krte hE.| Alg-Alg logo. ke Alg-Alg nj_irye hE.| [s iv8y pr Apne bCce ke ivcar janne ke il0 ]sse batcIt kIij0|• Apne bCce se Apne qud ke pirvar ke furst ke smy ke bare me. ku7 Da3a [k§a krva[0- ]dahr` ke il0, 6r ke A.dr ke mukable 6r ke bahr kI i¢ya, qelo., qel-kUd,mulakat krne AOr sEr krne me. ibtaya gya smy AOr iksI S¢In ke samne ibtaya gyasmy (jEse ik 3elIivjn, kMPyU3r, iviDyo gem ya ha4 me. pkD_a jane vala ]pkr`)|34Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


DATA MANAGEMENT AND PROBABILITY(Da3a p/bN2n AOr p/obeibil3I)Da3a kI qojg/eD 4 se g/eD 6fayde[s mje_dar i¢ya ke j_irye - Apne bCce ko km mhTv vale Da3a ke Qyal sepirict krva[0 - 0k mEgjIn, Aqbar, srkarI dStavej_ ya Da3abes se Da3a|• Apne bCce se ]skI iksI =ic ke bare me. ya smacaro. me. Aa0 iksI vtRman iv8y ke bareme. bat kIij0| Aapke bCce ke Kya ivcar, soc ya p/Xn hE.? Aapka bCca ikske bare me.AOr janna cahega/cahegI?• Apne bCce ke sa4, km mhTv vale Da3a ke bare me. [n p/Xno. kI ccaR kIij0:• ]s Da3a ka s/ot Kya hE? Aap Kya socte hE. ik Da3a iktna ivXvsnIy hE?Aapke pas kOn se p/Xn hE.?• Kya d Kya hE.? Kya ku7 gayb hE?• Aap jo !>U!_ne kI koixx kr rhe hE. ]ske s.dwR me. Da3a iktna mhTvpÙ R hE?Kya Aap ko{ AaXcyRjnk bate. ya =ic ke iv8y deqte hE.?• Kya yh Da3a Aapke il0 ko{ n0 p/Xn ]#ate hE.?Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka35


Aaॅnla[n s.sa2nEsso Family Math[s sa[3 pr dI g{. i¢ya0>, qoj AOrjankarI mata-ipta AOr bCco. ko 0k suri9tAOr Aaramdeh vatavr` me. ApnI gi`t kIsoc AOr smz ko ba.3ne me. shayta krte hE.|www.edu.uwo.ca/essofamilymathMath Frogyha> Aapko g/eD 4, 5 AOr 6 ke il0 s.sa2nAOr Aaॅnla[n qel imle.ge|http://cemc2.math.uwaterloo.ca/mathfrog/main.shtmlABC Life Literacyyh s.sa2n bCco. ko Aai4Rk sa9rta sepirict krvata hE AOr ]ske bare me. ixi9tkrta hE|http://abclifeliteracy.ca/financial-literacy-tips-andresourcesFigure This[s sa[3 me. bCco. ke il0 Apne mata-ipta kesa4 krne ke il0 gi`t ke qel AOr cunOitya> hE.|www.figurethis.orgMath Wireyh sa[3 Anek p/kar ke gi`t ke sa2no.,pir9aAo. AOr qelo. ko Aayoijt krtI hE|http://mathwire.comPedagoNetyha. Aapko bhut se gi`t ke il.k AOr qelimle.ge|www.pedagonet.comMath Dictionary for Kidsyh Aaॅnla[n sa2n bCco. ko gi`t ke xBdo.kI pirwa8a sIqne me. shayta krte hE.|www.amathsdictionaryforkids.comMath Forum[s sa[3 pr vh slahe., trkIbe. AOr gi`tkI smSya0> 0ki5t kI g{ hE. jo qastOr prp/ariMwk 7a5o. ke il0 hE.|www.mathforum.org/students/elem/probs.htmlNational Library of VirtualManipulatives[s Aaॅnla[n ]pkr` pe3I me. Utah State Universityse Aayu-]pyu vaStivk hStla6v hE.|http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/vlibrary.htmlKid SitesAapko yha> bCco. ke il0 gi`t kI sa[3o. kIsUcI imlegI|www.kidsites.com/sites-edu/math.htmMath Playground[s sa[3 pr Aayu- AOr g/eD- ]pyu gi`tkI p!_a{ ke il0 iviwé p/kar ke qel AOrvkRxI3 hE.|www.mathplayground.com36Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka


TVOKIDS.COM AOr gi`tNUMBER SENSE AND NUMERATION (A.k )an AOr A.kIkr`)ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3Caterpillar Countwww.tvokids.com/games/caterpillarcountConnect the Dots with Arttwww.tvokids.com/games/connectdotsarttCount with Arttwww.tvokids.com/games/countarttg/eD 4 se g/eD 6Tumbleweed’s MathMaze(Aar.iwk AOr m@ym Str)www.tvokids.com/games/tumbleweedsmathmazeBruce McBruce Doodle Dotswww.tvokids.com/framesets/play.html%3Fgame%3D51Tumbletown Mathleticswww.tvokids.com/games/tumbletownmathleticsBig Wig Sub Shopwww.tvokids.com/games/bigwigsubshopMEASUREMENT (nap)ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3Clock Talkwww.tvokids.com/games/clocktalkg/eD 4 se g/eD 6Beat the Clockwww.tvokids.com/games/beatclockTumbletown Mathleticswww.tvokids.com/games/tumbletownmathleticsGEOMETRY AND SPATIAL SENSE (reqagi`t AOr S4aink )an)ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3g/eD 4 se g/eD 6Shapevillewww.tvokids.com/games/shapevilleTriangle Alleywww.tvokids.com/games/trianglealleyBuild Math Citywww.tvokids.com/activities/buildmathcityPirates Maps and Trapswww.tvokids.com/games/piratesmapsandtrapsPATTERNING AND ALGEBRA (pE3nR bnana AOr bIjgi`t)ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3A Lotta Dessertwww.tvokids.com/games/lottadessertg/eD 4 se g/eD 6Flower Frenzywww.tvokids.com/games/flowerfrenzyDATA MANAGEMENT AND PROBABILITY (Da3a p/bN2n AOr p/obeibil3I)ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 3g/eD 4 se g/eD 6Sort Itwww.tvokids.com/games/sortitSpace Trek Galaxywww.tvokids.com/games/spacetrekgalaxyApne bCce ke sa9rta ivkas, gi`t AOr iv)an me. shayta ke il0 muFt vIiDyo, qelo. AOr i¢yaAo. keil0 www.tvokids.com me. Homework Zone pr ja[0| AOr Apne bCce ke A@yyn ke sfr ka sm4Rnkrne ke il0 Ontario (AoN3eiryo) ke.iæt s.sa2no. ke il0 www.tvoparents.com pr wI ja[0|Apne bCce ke sa4 gi`t krna, ikNDrga3Rn se g/eD 6: mata/ipta ke il0 magRdixRka37


7 = 2 + 5Ontario Ministry of EducationCette publication est disponible en français.ISBN 978-1-4435-9373-1 (Print) ISBN 978-1-4435-9374-8 (PDF)ISBN 978-1-4435-9375-5 (TXT) © Queen’s Printer for Ontario, 2012

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