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Learning ObjectivesAt the end of this class, you will be able to: Understand the impact of good/bad owner requirements Describe the appropriate responsibility sharing for meeting deliverables Explain the technical challenges for creating an effective plan Understand the critical elements of a good BIM planAgenda and Topics1 10:00–10:05Introduction and AgendaSession information2 10:05–10:30BIM Plan Key ElementsOverview of essential BIM plan elements3 10:30–10:50BIM RequirementsThe good, bad and the ugly4 10:50–11:20Challenges and SolutionsSpecific Challenges and discussion on how to address them5 11:20 – 11:30ClosingSummary and Questions© 2011 Autodesk© 2011 Autodesk11/29/20112


Elements of a BIM Plan: Addressing the ContractProject Delivery method dictates purpose IPD – BIM for Collaboration Design Build – BIM for execution andagreementsContract Deliverables: ThreeMain Categories Design Bid Build – Internal uses of BIM butcan define needs, goals and metrics 3D Coordination As-built Models DBB Collaborative – designer & contractordevelop a joint BIM plan Facility Information© 2011 AutodeskElements of a BIM Plan: Define the BIM Planning ProcessProcess: Define BIM requirements Internal ExternalStakeholders Involved: Owner and End Users Identify BIM workflows Appropriate to project Design Team Address desired team behaviors Information exchanges Support tools Success metrics Contractor Subcontractors and Suppliers BIM Champions© 2011 Autodesk11/29/20114


Elements of a BIM Plan: Terminology and DefinitionsPurposeSoftwareTypes of ModelsTeam RolesResponsibilitiesin the BIMProcessVersionDesignConstructionDefineCollaborationTypeFabricationCoordination© 2011 AutodeskElements of a BIM Plan: Information ExchangeTools: Web-based file exchangeBehaviors: Buy-in from entire teamFile Structure: Naming Convention, and RepositoryCoordinate System: Used by all modelersFrequency: Regular exchanges© 2011 Autodesk11/29/20115


Elements of a BIM Plan: WorkflowsPROJECT LIFECYCLEProposal Design & Preconstruction Construction OperateBIM Plan DevelopmentProgram ValidationDesign ValidationSustainability & EngineeringFF&EPrefabrication & ConstructabilitySafetyDesign CoordinationQuantity Take-Off4D Scheduling & SequencingField Planning & CoordinationClash DetectionDigital Submittals & Document ManagementBegin withthe end inmindAs-BuiltsFacility Management© 2011 AutodeskElements of a BIM Plan: Model Content MatrixHow: General Guides, Model techniquesWhat: Content that needs to be modeled Content vs. Data vs. 2D documentsWho: Specific Content ResponsibilityWhen: Content must be modeled to meet workflow needLevel of Detail: Required model accuracy and information© 2011 Autodesk11/29/20117


Elements of a BIM Plan: Model Content Matrix AIA E202 is mostcommon industryreference Many variations Defines how modeldetail is developedthrough the projectlifecycleCopyright © 2009 Balfour Beatty Construction, LLC© 2011 AutodeskElements of a BIM Plan: Enforcement Model Content Matrix Review throughout Design and Construction Workflows Determine appropriate outputs for selectedworkflows Submit (outputs) to client as necessaryA BIM plan must be a livingdocument Adjust the plan as moreinformation becomes known Establish a regular time to revisitthe plan Review Initial plan submitted per contract (30 days) Ask for interim BEP updates (quarterly) Modify as neededTeam Mandate: Deliverables well defined/Template deliverable checklist inBEP Metrics© 2011 Autodesk11/29/20118


Elements of a BIM Plan: SummaryAddressingthe ContractDefine the BIMPlanning ProcessTerminology andDefinitionsEnforcementInformationExchangeQuestions?BIM RequirementsWorkflows© 2011 Autodesk© 2011 Autodesk11/29/20119


BIM Requirements: As-builtsThe Good: The Ugly:Example Shall be compatible with [SOFTWARE] Updated throughout constructionincluding addenda, RFIs, etc. To be used as a living record for FM Specific LOD requiredExample BIM Model must be developed andmaintained as As-built by thecontractor. Design models will not be providedWhy this is good Very prescriptive in terms of as-builtmodel content Owners intent is clear / known Effort can be estimatedWhy this is ugly Leaves responsibility open tointerpretation AE or Contractor? Addendums? RFI’s? 2D Documents? What is the purpose?© 2011 AutodeskBIM Requirements: Facility InformationThe Good: The Ugly:Example Materials Product Data Finishes Warranties Circuiting Zones Labels Asset Type Maintenance SchedulesExample Provide Level 500 Detail according toAIA E202Why this is good Level of effort is known upfront Contractors can easily populate modelswith selected productsWhy this is ugly Leaves room for interpretation, AIAlacks clear, specific definition What content must be modeled? What information is required?© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201110


BIM Requirements: COBieThe Good: The Ugly:Example Model will be consistent with theCOBie2 Model View Definition Defines Requirements for Type,Component, and Spare COBie fields Collaboration with FM requiredExample Deliver COBie compatible informationWhy this is good Needs clearly defined Client indicates they understand andwill be involved to execute COBieWhy this is ugly Often required, but not oftenunderstood COBie Version should be clear What tables are required? COBie purpose should be fully vetted© 2011 AutodeskRequirements: SummaryDO DON’TBe SpecificBe Ambiguous(create unknowns)Know your needs / goalsAsk for BIM without knowing howit will be used / provide benefitDefine BIM earlyAllow Designer / Contractor todefine 100% of BIM approachQuestions?© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201111


Agenda TopicBIM Planning Challenges© 2011 AutodeskWhat are the elements of a complete BIM workflow?Goals / Objective / DeliverablesWhat does success look like?ScheduleCritical to know what and whenTeam ResponsibilitiesNo “gray” zonesSoftwareMust understand compatability© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201112


What are the Essentials of a BIM Plan?Address project needs & requirementsInternal means and methods & contractWorkflowsOnly processes that ADD valueTerminology, Information ExchangeSet expectations, basics for collaborationModel Content MatrixAIA E202 - customize© 2011 AutodeskName things that create BIM uncertainty prior to awardOwner doesn’t know what they wantClearly qualify proposal; what IS includedRigid / outdated, contractEnsure BIM req’s are reflectedthroughout typical contract languageSeparate Contractor/Design ContractRequire joint BIM plan developmentUnclear / Vague Req’d BIM DeliverablesAsk for Clarifications During pursuit© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201113


Why aren’t BIM plan developed fully before design begins?Contract requires BIM plan by 30 daysScale plan delivery by project sizeNTP starts the design clockSet aside planning time prior to NTPExcess demands on key peopleSpread responsibilityBIM started during the pursuitRequire prelim. plan as RFP deliverable© 2011 AutodeskWhy aren’t BIM plans accurate at the end of a project?Original plan not revisitedReview/Update plan on a regular basisKey members not on board @ beginningOn-boarding of key firms as procuredDesign is dynamic, accurate planningdifficultBuild flexibility into planRubber stamped workflowsRevisit workflow purpose before starting© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201114


Why does a plan work on one project, but not another?All Projects customDiscuss/document unique project needsBoiler Plate BIM plansGood BIM plan forces discussionNo working BIM relationshipExperience = Trust & UnderstandingIncompatible means and methodsIncorporate M&M into plan as appropriate© 2011 AutodeskWhy don’t BIM plans produce the desired deliverables?Vague BIM RequirementsClearly define EXPECTATIONS pre-awardOwner is “hands-off” during planningOwners/users need to be involvedDesigner/Contractor “to busy”Set realistic goals based on time andtalentNo QC process or measurementsPlan to take basic metrics© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201115


Why don’t teams buy-in to a collaborative BIM Plan?Firms do not share philosophy / CultureLook for “culture of collaboration”Executing the project is “more critical”Look for “other” good planning habitsFirm/Fixed Means and MethodsLook for adaptability“BIM people” are the only ones talkingAll parties allocate “appropriate”resources© 2011 AutodeskWrap-Up: 5 Things to Take with youTalk is cheap: Plans / requirements may require many in-depth discussionsGood Behaviors: Defining how to collaborate is criticalThe Living Document: A BIM plan must be adaptable as more is knownBe Specific: Good BIM requirements clearly define goals, not ambiguousTime is on your side: Planning takes time; start the “production” clock afterwards© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201116


Questions?Jason ReeceBalfour Beatty Constructionjreece@balfourbeattyus.comKurt MaldovanBalfour Beatty Constructionkmaldovan@balfourbeattyus.comAutodesk, AutoCAD* [*if/when mentioned in the pertinent material, followed by an alphabetical list of all other trademarks mentioned in the material] are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc., and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. All other brand names, product names, or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product andservices offerings, and specifications and pricing at any time without notice, and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. © 2011 Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved.© 2011 Autodesk11/29/201117

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