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1 year ago

The Coventry Grid Version 2

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6/133. Social

6/133. Social interactionThere are key similarities in social interaction: children/young people in both groups tend to have an egocentric style of relationship with otherpeople and lack awareness of the subtle variations in social interaction which are necessary to develop successful relationships with a range ofother people.Symptomsof ASDProblems seenin both ASD &ADTypical presentation in ASD Typical presentation in Attachment Problems3. Poorsocialinteraction3.1 Difficultieswith socialinteraction3.2 Moresuccessful ininteractions withadults thanpeers3.3 Own needsdrive interactions3.4 Lacksawareness ofrisk andpersonal dangerin interactionswith adults• Interaction is usually one-sided and egocentricwith little regard for the response of the audience• Does not often manipulate others emotionallyexcept through angry outbursts (i.e. would rarelyingratiate self with audience)• May perform better in less emotional situations• Poor awareness of own role in interactions• Lack of social imagination – can’t imagine whatrisks might be associated with certain peer /adultrelationships (it can look similar to attachment inneed to make friends)• Seeks an emotionally expressive audience forinteractions (e.g. seeks to provoke strongreactions in audience such as anger, sympathy,support, approval)• May make persistent attempts to interact withadults or older children rather than with agepeers• May initiate interactions with others which allowthem frequently to play the same role in relationto self (e.g. as the victim, as the bully). We needto look at the relationships and see what need itmeets. In attachment it is likely to be meeting anemotional need, possibly to do with pleasingothers.3.5 Difficultysharing andworking in agroup• Lacks awareness of the social expectation thatthe child will share (because the child does notunderstand or need the social approval of others)• May not realise the needs of others waiting fortheir turn• Aware of the social need to share but anxiousabout sharing (especially food) and may refuseor hoard or hide possessions and food to avoidsharing• May take things which are important to otherswith awareness that this will be upsetting for theother personHeather Moran–last modified Jan 2015 Please email comments to Heather.Moran@covwarkpt.nhs.uk or heatherjmoran@yahoo.co.uk

7/134. Mind readingBoth groups have difficulties taking the perspective of another person and reading intentions.Symptomsof ASDProblems seenin both ASD &ADTypical presentation in ASD Typical presentation in Attachment Problems4. Mindreading4.1 Difficultyappreciatingothers’ viewsand thoughts• Rarely refers to the views of others • May be manipulative (or overly compliant) andingratiate self with adults/children4.2 Lack ofappreciation ofhow others maysee them• Lacks awareness of other’s views of self,including lack of awareness of ‘visibility’ of owndifficulties (e.g. may volunteer to perform gymsequence even though child is very poor at gym)• Does not appreciate the information parentswould like to hear about successes andenjoyment• Inclined to blame others for own mistakes• Draws attention away from own failures towardsown successes• May try to shape others’ views of self bybiased/exaggerated reporting4.3 Limited useof emotionallanguage• Rarely refers to the emotional states of self andothers• Hyper-vigilant with regard to particular emotionsin others (e.g. anger, distress, approval) andoften makes reference to these states• Poor emotional vocabularyHeather Moran–last modified Jan 2015 Please email comments to Heather.Moran@covwarkpt.nhs.uk or heatherjmoran@yahoo.co.uk