The components of IPM

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Target: develop and market IPM with minimal risksand maximum benefits


LWWC’s Sustainable WinegrowingProgramStage IGrowerOutreach(IPM)Stage IIIn-FieldProgram(BIFS)Stage IIIArea-wideProgramStage IVSustainableCertificationProgramEducationDemonstrationSelf-assessmentStandards1992199619992002PresentLodi Winegrower’sWorkbook


Stage I - Grower Outreach• Breakfast meetings• Half-day research seminars• Field days• Neighborhood grower meetings• Newsletter (6 per year)• Website – www.lodiwine.com


Stage III. Lodi Winegrower’s Workbook:A self-assessment of integrated farming practicesWhat does a grower self-assessment accomplish?• identifies good farming practices being done• identifies farming practices that are of concern from anenvironmental and/or wine quality perspective• development of action plans to address these concerns• set time table to carry out action plansIt is a tool for Defining,Implementing, and MeasuringSustainable Viticulture


Stage IV. Sustainable Winegrowing and theMarketplacewww.lodirules.com


Is this for you?• Adding hops to beer can be viewed as a highlyeffective IPM tactic, suppressing noxiousorganisms and promoting beneficial ones• Hops require similar care and attention beforethey reach the brewery• Markets increasingly demand evidence ofsustainable practices


IPM in transition• Technology advances• Delivering multiple benefits• New public and private sectorplayers


Technology advancesHigh resolution weather andclimate models1. 2 km resolution2. 100 m resolution3. 30 m res. - online DD mapping tool


Weather data and maps index page (http://pnwpest.org/US)Thumbnail hyperlinks to daily maps


Animation of 700DDevent in the spring


Delivering multiple benefits• Sustainable pest suppression, withreduced environmental and health risks– E.g. getting serious about biologicalcontrol, learning from the increasingnumbers of successful organic andsustainable producers– E.g. BMP’s that reduce pesticide impactsin watersheds


IPM with reduced impacts on water qualitySOURCE-REDUCTIONREDUCTIONPESTICIDE MITIGATION• substitute alternativesfor pesticides-biocontrol-cultural- physical & mechanical- host-plant resistance• minimize amountsof pesticides applied- sampling & forecasting- economic thresholds• least-risk pesticides- site:pesticide leaching& runoff potential-low hazardto aquatic organisms• eliminate off-targetpesticide movement-formulation- application technology- buffersEd Bechinski, UI


Biological control, the underdog ofIPM?


HOW TO MAXIMIZE BIOLOGICALPEST SUPPRESSION?


Grower to growerexchanges expandknowledge of CBCmethodsIPPC Farmscaping forBeneficials project


EXAMPLES OF CONSERVATIONBIOLOGICAL CONTROL IN OREGONSunflower, buckwheat and wildCruciferae insectary plantingsCalendula, orache, Alyssuminsectary strips, among vegetablecrop rows


hoverfliesparasitoidtachinidfliesBeneficialsthat benefitfrom pollenand nectarsourcesladybirdbeetlessoldier beetles


Even more beneficials that benefit frompollen and nectar sourcesparasitoid waspsgreenlacewings


Best Management Practices to Limit PesticideImpacts in Hood RiverBrian Nakamura – Hood River Grower Shipper-Association BMP ProjectSteve Castagnoli - Mid-Columbia Agricultural Research & Extension Center


Suggested Best Management Practicesfor Pesticide UseCultural PracticesMixing & LoadingMaintenance & CalibrationSpray ApplicationOSU-MCAREC


BMP Outreach Program One on one meetings Handbook Sensitive Area Mapping Website Newsletters Field days CORE Pesticide TrainingsOSU-MCAREC


Application, drift managementENGLISH AND SPANISH VERSIONS AVAILABLE


New public and private sectorplayersFood buyers increasinglydemand IPM and provide toolsto enable individual programs tobe evaluated


Food processor, distributor,retailer programs• Campbell Soup Company: 30-60% reduction inpesticide use by celery and carrot producers• General Mills: IPM programs for field productionand processing• Wal-MartMart: IPM, organics, pesticide reductionfocus; structural IPM at retail distribution centers• SYSCO: IPM performance audit (91,000 kgpesticide use reduction over 210,000 ha of fruitand veg. production in 2006/7


CertificationOregon Brewery IntroducesOrganic, Salmon-Safe Safe AleNovember 2007“Oregon's Deschutes Brewery Fridaydebuted its newest beer, Green LakesOrganic Ale, the first to be brewed withSalmon-Safe Safe certified hops.“Some of you are alreadymarketing beer thatmeets 3 rd party certifierstandards for productionof barley and hops


Compendium of HopDiseases, ArthropodPests, and Disorders• Publishing 2008 or early2009• Updated, comprehensive,authoritative, and modernaccount of known hopdiseases and arthropodpests• Contributions from all HopResearch Council-supported IPM researchersEdited byW. F. MahaffeeS. J. Pethybridge andD. H. Gent• Assist in diagnosis of pestproblems in field lab, andclinic, and provide IPMrecommendations• Over 150 color images


Attributes of successfully marketed IPMprograms•Driven by validated,outcome-basedassessments• Delivered on scalesthat are relevant todecision making• Collaborative networksand partnerships• Stakeholder drivenYOUROPPORTUNITY

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