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June 27, 2013

Study Confirms Benefit

of Vegetarian Diet

Because Bubble Wrap

Is Impractical

Mission Impossible

(With Spies)

8

26

29

MAKING SURE WE’RE NOT BEING TAKEN


“Behold, I come quickly . . .”

Our mission is to uplift Jesus Christ by presenting stories of His

matchless love, news of His present workings, help for knowing

Him better, and hope in His soon return.

18 26 12 6

COVER FEATURE

18 Lover or Seducer?

JOHN MARKOVIC

It’s the difference between

sincerity and sorrow.

ARTICLES

14 Forgiveness

ROY E. GANE

How is it possible?

22 Why You Matter So Much

TY GIBSON

We can do things

nobody else can.

24 From Strength

to Strength

ELLEN G. WHITE

Doing what has to be done

DEPARTMENTS

4 Letters

7 Page 7

8 World News &

Perspectives

13 Give & Take

17 Transformation Tips

29 Dateline Moscow

31 Reflections

EDITORIALS

6 GERALD A. KLINGBEIL

Offline

7 WILONA KARIMABADI

Strong Backs

ON THE COVER

With so many voices, how do we

to know which ones to listen to?

26 Because Bubble Wrap

Is Impractical

ASHELEY WOODRUFF

We can go only so

far in protecting our

kids from bullying.

NEXT WEEK IN

ADVENTIST WORLD

Life Maps

Often we can’t know where

we’re going until we look back

and see where we’ve been.

Publisher General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists ® , Executive Publisher Bill Knott, Associate Publisher Claude Richli, Publishing Board: Ted N. C. Wilson, chair; Benjamin D. Schoun,

vice chair; Bill Knott, secretary; Lisa Beardsley-Hardy; Daniel R. Jackson; Robert Lemon; Geoffrey Mbwana; G. T. Ng; Daisy Orion; Juan Prestol; Michael Ryan; Ella Simmons; Mark Thomas; Karnik

Doukmetzian, legal adviser. Editor Bill Knott, Associate Editors Lael Caesar, Gerald A. Klingbeil, Coordinating Editor Stephen Chavez, Online Editor Carlos Medley, Features Editor Sandra

Blackmer, Young Adult Editor Kimberly Luste Maran, KidsView Editor Wilona Karimabadi, News Editor Mark A. Kellner, Operations Manager Merle Poirier, Financial Manager Rachel

Child, Editorial Assistant Marvene Thorpe-Baptiste, Assistant to the Editor Gina Wahlen, Quality Assurance/Social Media Coordinator Jean Boonstra, Marketing Director Claude Richli,

Editor-at-Large Mark A. Finley, Senior Advisor E. Edward Zinke, Art Director Bryan Gray, Design Daniel Añez, Desktop Technician Fred Wuerstlin, Ad Sales Glen Gohlke, Subscriber Services

Steve Hanson. To Writers: Writer’s guidelines are available at the Adventist Review Web site: www.adventistreview.org and click “About the Review.” For a printed copy, send a self-addressed envelope

to: Writer’s Guidelines, Adventist Review, 12501 Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring, MD 20904-6600. E-mail: revieweditor@gc.adventist.org. Web site: www.adventistreview.org. Postmaster:

Send address changes to Adventist Review, 55 West Oak Ridge Drive, Hagerstown, MD 21740-7301. Unless otherwise noted, Bible texts in this issue are from the Holy Bible, New International Version.

Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. Unless otherwise noted, all photos are © Thinkstock 2013. The Adventist Review (ISSN 0161-

1119), published since 1849, is the general paper of the Seventh-day Adventist ® Church. It is published by the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists ® and is printed

36 times a year on the second, third, and fourth Thursdays of each month by the Review and Herald ® Publishing Association, 55 West Oak Ridge Drive, Hagerstown, MD

21740. Periodical postage paid at Hagerstown, MD 21740. Copyright © 2013, General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists ® . PRINTED IN THE U.S.A. Vol. 190, No. 18

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www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (563) 3


May 16, 2013

inbox

LETTERS FROM OUR READERS

www.adventistreview.org

Christ, or Kona?

»»

Thank you for printing the

article “Christ, or Kona?” by

Kimberly Luste Maran about

Alicia Trott, her incredible

training accomplishments,

and her choice not to race in

the Kona Ironman on Sabbath

(May 16, 2013). My husband

and I both train for and

compete in marathons and

ultra marathons and have

also chosen not to race on

Sabbath. This choice has been

a difficult one at times, and I

completely understand the

struggle that Trott went

through—not only the personal

struggle, but also dealing

with the opinions of

other athletes in our church

and training partners. Truly,

a stand such as hers does

have a far wider effect and is

admirable.

Thank you again for sharing

and encouraging other

athletes not to compromise.

ALINA RICE

Enterprise, Oregon

Going in Circles

»»

I’m writing regarding Stephen

Chavez’s editorial

“Going in Circles” (May 16).

Amen and amen! To paraphrase

the poet Ralph Waldo

Emerson, “Your actions

May 16, 2013

Vol. 190, No. 14

Religious Fr edom

Threatened

Sometimes a Christian Cries

The Truth as It Is in Jesus

8

24

28

FoR ThouSandS

oF aThleTeS,

The IRonman

TRIaThlon IS a

big deal.

Christ,

or Kona?

speak so loudly, I can’t hear a

word you say.” Until we deal

with the attitude that we

alone have “the truth,” why

would anyone be attracted to

the message? May we show a

loving, compassionate God

who is so patient and willing

to accept anyone who is crying

out for His presence.

Then, our message becomes

appealing and people are

attracted to the God we profess

to serve.

BETTIGENE D. REISWIG

Port Orford, Oregon

Slight Flaw

»»

The Adventist Review is a

weekly blessing to me. And

when I am through reading, I

pass it along to a relative

who then passes it to

another. I mentally say

“Amen” to many articles, but

this is my first written

response.

Being a “fan” of Clifford

Goldstein since hearing him

speak at the Soquel, California,

camp meeting some 25

or 30 years ago, and being

involved and educated in

music (classical and otherwise)

since the age of 5, I was

chagrined at the second

paragraph in Goldstein’s column

“Brahms Symphony No.

2” (May 16). He redeemed

himself somewhat in paragraph

4 by admitting that

“whatever it meant to be

made in the ‘image of God,’

it had to include creativity.”

Hopefully his taste for classical

will be expanded by listening

to inspired works

such as Brahms’ “Ein

Deutsches Requiem,”

Handel’s “Messiah,”

Beethoven’s “Symphony No.

9” (and the list could go on).

My thanks to Goldstein,

for owning up to this slight

flaw in his character.

DORALEE MURPHY

Healdsburg, California

Sometimes a

Christian Cries

»»

The May 16 Adventist Review

was very interesting. I especially

liked Frank A. Campbell’s

article “Sometimes a

Christian Cries.” Campbell

skillfully presents glimpses

of the gospel’s ability to heal

the pain resulting from loss,

failure, and injustice. He

does this by using examples

from the life of Peter, the disciple

of Jesus.

While reading, I was

reminded of scenes from a

recent made-for-TV production

of the Bible, in which the

angels were delivering Lot

and his family. The angels

were physically injured while

fighting with Sodom’s

vicious and corrupt

inhabitants.

Although this was rather

far-fetched, I was challenged

with the thought that angels

suffer emotionally and/or

mentally while trying to

deliver us from this world of

sin. Sometimes even the

angels must cry! Let’s help

hasten the time when no one

need ever cry.

ERTIS L. JOHNSON

Canute, Oklahoma

Legacy of Written

Words

»»

Though he passed away in

September 2012, Oliver

© TERRY CREWS

Jacques’ words lived on to

bless my heart this Mother’s

Day weekend with “Eloquent

Moments of Silence” (May 9,

2013). Tears ran down my

cheeks as I read of precious

memories of not only his

grandson’s gift, but also his

own gift to his mother many

years ago. Now he sleeps,

awaiting the return of our

Lord, leaving behind a beautiful

word picture of emotions

to be shared when “our

heavenly Father opens His

arms to receive His oncewayward

children” home!

LINDA WHICKER

Denver, North Carolina

A Tale of Two

Travelers

»»

As a longtime missionary

to India and the Far East,

your Page 7 feature “A Tale of

Two Travelers” (May 9), mentioning

India’s Homer Russell

Salisbury and Mahajan

Jagajit Singh Bahadur, was of

extreme interest to me. My

wife and I had the privilege

of living for eight years in

Salisbury Park in Poona (now

Pune), India, and heard the

story of Salisbury many

times over. Your beautiful

account of his 1915 experience

of going down with a

torpedoed ship, however,

leaves out perhaps the most

wonderful deed Salisbury

4 (564) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


ever reportedly did: he gave

up his place in a lifeboat to

another passenger. He would

have otherwise been one of

the many survivors of the

disaster.

But even before we took

up residence in Salisbury

Park, where the Southern

Asia Division headquarters

were then located, we lived

for a five-year term in North

India and had the privilege of

frequently visiting our

Adventist school in Mussoorie,

India. Each trip took

us up the hill right past the

summer palace of the maharajah

of Kapurthala. How

delightful it would have been

had we only known at that

time that the then maharajah’s

father was saved from

the same disaster that took

the life of our wonderful

missionary leader.

CHARLES H. TIDWELL, SR.

Collegedale, Tennessee

Scriptural Concept?

»»

Regarding Mark A. Kellner’s

news article “No More

Anniversaries” (May 9), I

want to know what Bible

texts support the following

quote: “We should have been

home by now. The Lord has

wanted to come long before

this. Why [should we] celebrate

any more anniversaries

when we could be in

heaven?” I have heard this

rhetoric since I was a boy.

Usually it was used to motivate

the church to do more.

Do people have the ability to

postpone the Advent? Where

do we find such a concept in

the Scriptures?

LARRY YEAGLEY

Gentry, Arkansas

Three Great Articles

»»

Although I always enjoy

reading the Review, the April

18, 2013, edition contained

three articles that really resonated

for me. Especially

important was Tara Vin

Cross’s “Many Hearts, One

Love.” If everyone in our

church would read it and

take the message to heart, we

would see great and positive

changes in our churches. I

believe the Lord’s coming

would be hastened.

I also found “Post Modernism

in the Classroom,” by

Michael Zwaagstra, compelling.

And the cover story

“Walking the Newsbeat,”

chronicling how Debbie

Michel found her way to the

Lord, was very satisfying.

DONALD E. CASEBOLT

College Place, Washington

A Faith of Don’ts?

»»

Wilona Karimabadi’s editorial

“A Faith of Don’ts?”

(Mar. 21, 2013) brought to

mind an experience from last

summer. I was playing golf

in Maine, walking the course,

when a man playing alone

caught up with my playing

partner and me. Golf etiquette

teaches that you allow

the faster player to play

through. My friend knew the

man and introduced us as

ministers, he a Baptist and I

a Seventh-day Adventist. The

Baptist minister turned to

me and said, “Oh, you are the

people who outlive everyone

because of your healthful

lifestyle.” He thanked us and

hurried on his way.

JOEL TOMPKINS

Greeneville, Tennessee

The Epidemic

»»

Thank you for printing

Gerald A. Klingbeil’s article

“Let’s help hasten the time when

no one need ever cry.


—ERTIS L. JOHNSON, Canute, Oklahoma

“In the Wilderness: The Epidemic”

(Mar. 21). It was a

blessing in many ways, and I

especially appreciated the

most interesting journey

that his wife’s grandparents

undertook to come to Jesus

Christ. I find it exciting to

know how the truth travels

to the hearts and lives of

those who make up our

heritages.

JERRY LASTINE

Metcalf, Illinois

Where They’ve Been,

Where They’re Going

»»

I am a senior citizen and

have read the Review for most

of my life. I appreciate and

enjoy it.

I recently read in the

Review the listing of places

the editors have visited (Page

7, Dec. 27, 2012).

What I found interesting

was that I have lived in six

different states, yet only one

of those was mentioned in

the list and that was Maryland,

where the Review editors

work. I’m grateful that

the editors do visit in different

areas, as it is encouraging

to those residents to

meet them in person. Some,

however, might feel left out,

having lived in only one state

or country that was not mentioned,

while possibly several

of those mentioned have

been visited several times.

NORMA MCKELLIP

Macon, Georgia

More Bible

Marking, Please!

»»

I’ve enjoyed the “On Your

Mark” Bible marking topics

printing on Page 7 of the

Review several times in 2012.

Please send me further topics

so I can add them to my

marking plan!

PATRICIA B. MUTCH

Berrien Springs, Michigan

We’ve received quite a few

requests for additional material

on this Bible marking series. We

now have the entire yearlong

series available. Please write to

Merle Poirier, Adventist

Review, 12501 Old Columbia

Pike, Silver Spring, MD 20904-

6600; e-mail poirierm@gc.

adventist.org; or fax 301-680-

6638 to request this material.

—Editors.

We welcome your letters, noting,

as always, that inclusion of a letter

in this section does not imply that

the ideas expressed are endorsed by

either the editors of the Adventist

Review or the General Conference.

Short, specific, timely letters have

the best chance at being published

(please include your complete

address and phone number—even

with e-mail messages). Letters will

be edited for space and clarity only.

Send correspondence to Letters to

the Editor, Adventist Review, 12501

Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring, MD

20904-6600; Internet: letters@

adventistreview.org.

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (565) 5


Editorials

Gerald A.

Klingbeil

Offline

I RECENTLY RECEIVED A FASCINATING E-MAIL REPLY TO A MESSAGE I

had sent to a friend teaching at Seminar Schloss Bogenhofen in Austria. It was one of those

prewritten messages that the mail software sends off automatically once it receives a message

during a specific time period. This is what it said: “Thank you for your e-mail. Our availability

from May 13 to 17, 2013, is limited because of a project of Seminar Schloss Bogenhofen called

‘ECGO—[German abbreviation for] A Campus Goes Offline.’ By means of this project we want to

motivate students and employees to reflect on responsible usage of modern instruments of

communication.”

For five days an entire school campus went offline—I was intrigued. Can you imagine five days without

e-mails, text messages, tweets, Facebook updates, news from your favorite news outlet, or

your preferred TV programs?

Increasingly we live more online than in the real world. Need to buy some supplements, a

computer, or running shoes? Go to the online store of your favorite e-tailer, and you’ll be able to

find anything your heart may desire (and often even at better prices than in the brick-and-mortar

stores). Have you noticed that people waiting for an appointment in the doctor’s office look at

their hands—or better, the smartphones or tablets they’re holding in their hands? No eye contact,

little (if any) conversation—just me and my smartphone. We keep track of hundreds (or perhaps

thousands) of Facebook friends who tell us about an extraordinary café latte or the color of a

sweater they are wearing today. * We have become news junkies who need to know right now what’s

currently happening in China or Timbuktu or the Verizon Center in Washington, D.C. I find

myself pulling out my smartphone when it vibrates—even when I am in the middle of listening

to a wonderful sermon. The vibration speaks of urgency and immediacy.

“A Campus Goes Offline” is a wonderful idea that could be replicated individually or in our

families and churches. How many hours a day do we spend connected or online? Can you imagine

the time we would suddenly have if the computer stays off for a day or two or five? (I would not

be able to do most of my work, which would mean that you wouldn’t receive your copy of the

Adventist Review.) What would happen if we would turn off our phones for 24 hours (or longer)?

Well, we would be able to visit a friend in person. We could write one of those old-fashioned

paper letters without LOL, FYI, ASAP, or any other abbreviation, walk to the post office, and mail

it to a friend who needs encouragement. In church we could truly listen to one another as we

study Scripture together instead of looking at our devices and following our agendas. Instead of

always saying “I am busy” to our children we could plan a day hike (or an evening stroll) with the

family. The possibilities are unlimited (and no, I am not suggesting that modern communication

tools are evil; I am busy writing on one right now!).

I have decided to go offline more often. I need to walk away more frequently from the sounds

and vibes of modern communication and entertainment so that I can discover again the still soft

voice that God loves using when communicating with His children. I need to retrain my ears and

my eyes to enjoy solitude or the immediacy of the people around me. So next time you send me

an e-mail or a text message or a letter, you may have to wait a bit longer for a response. I may be

busy listening. n

*

For truth’s sake I need to confess that I am not on Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, Tumblr, or any other social network. We also

do not have a TV or cable at home—but we do have a very fast fiber optics connection.

6 (566) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


Strong Backs

I HEARD A GREAT SERMON IN CHURCH A FEW WEEKS AGO. A SERMON

just for me, about having a strong back. You’ve heard about my new life as a sufferer of back

issues in this magazine before. At the time, I thought the episode was a “one and done” type of

thing. I was wrong. Over the past seven months I have had two more flare-ups, resulting in an

MRI that revealed I am now the proud owner of a herniated disc. I am much better, but I hesitate

to say back to normal because I have learned and accepted that disc issues are akin to dormant

volcanoes. You may feel that all is well for the most part until something (and I wish I knew for

sure) happens and the flare-up is in full force, rendering a normally active person temporarily

sidelined. Needless to say, I’m not terribly happy about this, but I do remind myself that things

could be much worse.

So it was in this frame of mind and body that I heard that great sermon. No, it never mentioned

backs. It was about crosses we bear that are not of our choosing. The idea really hit

home. In this life we are handed things that we would rather hand back—illness, divorce, financial

problems, death, etc. But we must remember that God does not give us more than He

knows we can handle and equips us to do exactly that—handle it. So (and forgive me for totally

talking to myself here) instead of saying, “God, remove this burden from me completely,”

which is not always a bad prayer to pray, perhaps we may ask something different of the One

who knows better than we do.

Maybe our prayer should then be “Lord, if You see fit not to remove my burdens completely,

please just grant me a strong back to carry them.” Literally. n

Wilona

Karimabadi

When God Moves

Some scholars have suggested that Psalm 68 is the most difficult psalm to understand.

There appears to be no regular pattern; it’s often thought of as possibly a series of titles or

opening stanzas. However, if the psalm is studied carefully, one can hear described the movement of the ark (the

presence of God) as it is transported by the priests. Read the story of David bringing the ark from Obed-Edom’s

house to Jerusalem in 2 Samuel 6. Then read Psalm 68 as outlined below. See if you can detect God “on the

move.” (Special note: Ellen White describes portions of Psalm 68 sung often by Jesus while here on earth and also

sung by the angel choir as Jesus ascended into heaven.)

verses 1, 2: The ark is lifted up.

verses 3-6: The assembly is encouraged to praise God.

verses 7-10: The march in the wilderness is

remembered.

verses 11-14: The victories of war are celebrated.

verses 15-19: Shouts increase as the ark is taken up the

hill toward Zion.

verses 20-23: The priests reach the summit; all enemies of

God will be crushed.

verses 24-27: The procession of the assembly is

described.

verses 28-31: Future conquests are anticipated.

verses 32-35: Ultimate praise as the assembly bursts forth

in song.

james jacques joseph tissot


World News & Perspectives

■■NORTH AMERICA

Major Study

Affirms

Adventists’

Vegetarian Diet

More than 70,000

studied in U.S.

By ANSEL OLIVER, Adventist

News Network

PEOPLE WHO eat a vegetarian diet live

longer than those who eat meat, according

to a study of more than 70,000 Seventh-day

Adventists.

A study published June 3, 2013, in

JAMA Internal Medicine, a journal of the

American Medical Association, said vegetarians

experienced 12 percent fewer

deaths over a six-year period of

research.

Researchers at Loma Linda University,

an Adventist institution in southern

California, conducted the study, which

was funded by the United States

National Institutes of Health. Researchers

tracked 73,308 Adventist Church

members who follow the church’s

dietary counsel of a plant-based diet to

varying degrees.

Of the study’s participants, researchers

said 5,548 were vegans, 21,177 were

lacto-ovo vegetarians (also eating dairy

products and eggs), 7,194 were vegetarians

who also ate fish, and 4,031 ate

meat infrequently. The rest of the study

participants ate meat.

The findings confirm health benefits

of eating a vegetarian diet, the lead

study author Dr. Michael Orlich told

Bloomberg News.

“People should take these kinds of

results into account as they’re considering

dietary choices,” Orlich told Bloomberg.

“Various types of vegetarian diets

may be beneficial in reducing the risk of

death compared to nonvegetarian

diets.”

Orlich, director of the preventive

medicine residency program at Loma

BRANDAN ROBERTS/ANN

LLU PHOTO

EAT VEGGIES, LIVE LONGER: A vegetarian diet is said to increase longevity, according to

a study of Seventh-day Adventists conducted by Loma Linda University researchers and

funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

Linda University Medical Center, said

the study was aided by studying subjects

who have low rates of alcohol and

tobacco use.

Researchers pointed out that the

health benefits were even more beneficial

for men. It remained unclear why

women were less affected by a vegetarian

diet. Future research will examine

gender-specific reactions to certain

foods.

Dr. Kathleen Kuntaraf, associate

Health Ministries Department director

HEALTH RESEARCHER: Dr. Orlich, director

of the preventive medicine residency program

at Loma Linda University Medical

Center, was lead study researcher.

for the General Conference of Seventhday

Adventists, affirmed that a vegetarian

diet is part of living a wholistic,

healthy life.

“More and more people are recognizing

that our principles from 150 years

ago are truly scientific,” she said.

Seventh-day Adventists have long

advocated a vegetarian diet. The

founder of Loma Linda’s School of Public

Health overcame resistance in the

health community in the 1940s to produce

a landmark study on the benefits

of a vegetarian diet, discovering that

such a diet indeed contained sufficient

protein, among other benefits.

In recent years, Adventists have been

noted as one of the longest living people

groups ever studied. In 2008 Blue

Zones author Dan Buettner wrote extensively

about the health principles of Adventists

and their longer, healthier

lifespans.

According to a JAMA Internal Medicine

news release: “The possible relationship

between diet and mortality is an important

area of study. Vegetarian diets have

been associated with reductions in risk

for several chronic diseases, including

hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes

mellitus, and ischemic heart disease

(IHD), according to the study

background.” n

—with additional reporting by Adventist

Review staff

8 (568)

| www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


■■NORTH AMERICA

Royce Williams, Longtime

Evangelist, Passes to His Rest

Served It Is Written ministry for 31 years

By MICHELE STOTZ, It Is Written

ROYCE WILLIAMS, a longtime

Seventh-day Adventist pastor and

evangelist who served It Is Written

television for 31 years as a

manager, global evangelism coordinator,

director of field services,

and special projects coordinator,

died unexpectedly May 28, 2013,

from complications of pneumonia.

He was 85.

Williams worked for It Is Written

full-time from 1976 to 2007,

which marked his fifty-sixth year

of denominational service.

Although he retired December

31, 2007, he continued working

on a nearly full-time basis until

shortly before he entered the

hospital in early May.

While at It Is Written, he

assisted speakers George Vandeman,

Mark Finley, Shawn Boonstra,

and John Bradshaw. He

traveled extensively around the

world—coordinating evangelistic

meetings and special projects,

and holding evangelistic series of

his own.

Williams had crossed the Atlantic 106 times and the

Pacific 84 times, had flown on 91 different airlines and had

visited 64 countries. He traveled with Finley on at least 22

overseas evangelistic trips, and held training seminars in

every nonregional conference in the United States and most

of Canada.

In 2006 Williams traveled to Africa to deliver solarpowered

“Godpod” Bibles to people living in the Kalahari

Desert. One year later he accompanied Boonstra on It Is

Written’s trip to the Arctic, where—partly by dogsled—they

delivered Inuktitut-language Bibles to Inuit people living in

remote areas.

Earlier this year he joined Bradshaw for a major evangelistic

series in Central America. Said Bradshaw, “It was truly

inspirational to see him each night as he returned from his

IT IS WRITTEN

LONGTIME EVANGELIST: Royce Williams, a Seventhday

Adventist pastor and evangelist who served It Is

Written for 31 years and continued in retirement,

passed to his rest at age 85 on May 28, 2013.

meetings energized—glowing

with the joy he had received

from preaching the Word of God

and seeing people respond to

the call of Jesus.”

Royce Carlton Williams was

born on a farm northeast of

Greeley, Colorado, on February

15, 1928, the youngest of four

brothers—all delivered in the

same farmhouse by a country

doctor. His father had traveled

from Missouri to Colorado at

the age of 2 in a covered wagon

pulled by mules. When Williams

was 4, his family moved to

Nebraska, where he grew up on

a cattle ranch.

In 1946 Williams was drafted

into the Navy, and was discharged

a little more than six

months later. But that was

enough for him to qualify for

the GI Bill, enabling him to

attend college. In 1947, after a

few months at Union College,

and after falling in love with his

soon-to-be wife, Frances, Williams

decided to become a minister.

After graduating from Union College in 1951, Williams

served as a pastor in Missouri for two years before accepting

a call to the Philippines. During the next 23 years, he

served as a mission director, union evangelist, and Far Eastern

Division ministerial secretary, before returning to the

United States to work with It Is Written.

Williams said that the most thrilling moment of his ministry

was the night in 1953 when he sat in the home of Mr.

and Mrs. Roy McKee as they responded to his appeal for

baptism. They were the first people who came to Christ as a

result of his ministry.

Willams is survived by his wife of 66 years, Frances; children

Marlin, Sheryl, Terry, and Darlene; 10 grandchildren;

and two great-grandchildren. n

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (569) 9


World News & Perspectives

■■NORTH AMERICA

Adventist Pastor to Lead Churchspecific

Focus for Digital Publisher

Martin Weber heads new product department for Logos Bible Software

By MARK A. KELLNER, news editor

THE LEADING domestic publisher of

Bible software and digital media for

churches has hired a Seventh-day

Adventist pastor to spearhead a new

effort aimed at the Adventist market.

Martin Weber, a pastor and editor

who served the Seventh-day Adventist

Church for 41 years, most recently as

communication director for the Mid-

America Union, recently retired from

denominational service and accepted

the invitation of Logos Bible Software to

become the firm’s Seventh-day

Adventist product manager.

Based in Bellingham, Washington,

Logos has more than 2 million customers

of its Bible software worldwide, with

users in more than 210 countries, and

publishes in more than 30 languages. It

is the only electronic publisher to offer

The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary

and the Ellen G. White writings as

part of an integrated Bible study software

system. Logos is believed to be the

first non-Adventist publisher to create a

position specifically aimed at serving

the Adventist market.

Weber, in a telephone interview, said

his task will be to expand the list of

Adventist-related publications—which

now stands at 18, including the recent

addition of the Andrews Study Bible

notes—to cover a broad range of the

movement’s writers and thinkers.

“I’m hoping to take leading Adventist

writers and speakers, contemporary

and historical, and have them available

in an Adventist-specific package,” he

said. Logos has a proprietary database

system in which thousands of documents

can be searched at once for highly

specific results. For example, it will be

possible to type “Rev. 14:6” and see

where every Adventist author in the

MID-AMERICA UNION

PRODUCT MANAGER: Martin Weber, who

recently retired from denominational service

as Mid-America Union communication

director, is the new Seventh-day Adventist

product manager for Logos Bible Software

in Bellingham, Washington.

database has ever quoted the first

angel’s message.

Logos can also transcribe into print

format various Adventist audio and

video archives and make them searchable

with a keystroke by users. Potentially,

one could instantly discover

every time Voice of Prophecy founder

H.M.S. Richards was recorded speaking

the word “Gethsemane” in his

nearly five decades of radio broadcasting

or whenever George Vandeman

used the word “Armageddon” in his

35 years of telecasting. Logos hopes to

package the written transcripts of

their messages, and those of more

than a dozen other beloved Adventist

teachers past and present—with their

original audio or video—thus opening

up a multimedia trove of teaching

treasure for today’s Adventists.

Weber is working with Logos leaders

to provide Adventists materials in languages

other than English, giving priority

to Spanish, Portuguese, French, and

German. Ultimately, he said, thousands

of articles in the archives of numerous

Adventist publications can be bundled

into general categories such as spirituality,

outreach, Adventist history, prophecy,

etc. The whole mass of documents

can then be searched specifically, so that

any Adventist document included in the

database that used the word “Millerite”

will be instantly discoverable. Participating

Adventist publishers and

authors would receive royalties from

Logos sales of their documents. Weber

said he wants to “work in collaboration

with existing Adventist publishers,

seeking ‘win-win’ partnerships for the

sake of benefiting church members

globally.”

Another advantage for Seventh-day

Adventists, Weber said, is that evangelists

and pastors may publish digitized

versions of their own outreach books

and study guides through Logos, thus

avoiding denominational prejudice by

bearing the imprint of a nonsectarian

publisher. Such resources would also

be available to the wider Logos user

base of Christians across denominational

lines.

Weber’s four decades of denominational

service on five continents have

uniquely equipped him to service the

Adventist market through Logos. Along

with his work at the Mid-America

Union, Weber served at the Voice of

Prophecy in 1983 and two years later

became assistant to the director/

speaker for It Is Written. He wrote 100

telecast scripts and answered more

10 (570) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


than 8,000 letters from viewers seeking

biblical information.

During the early 1990s Weber served

as associate editor for Ministry magazine

and as a member of the General

Conference Executive Committee and

the Ministerial Association. He also

authored several books on Adventism,

served as an adjunct professor at

Adventist colleges, was a member of the

International Police and Fire Chaplain’s

Association, and was volunteer chair for

The Hope of Survivors, an international,

ASI-affiliated organization supporting

victims of clergy sexual abuse.

Tom Lemon, Mid-America Union

president, said, “I have experienced

[Martin] Weber as a deeply sincere and

highly committed church leader. I

appreciate his commitment to the

church, even as he has fearlessly

pointed out opportunities for the

church to be more like her master, Jesus

Christ.”

Logos Bible Software describes itself

as the leading provider of multilingual

tools and resources for Bible study on

Macs, PCs, and mobile devices. Logos

has served pastors, scholars, and everyone

who wants to study the Bible since

1992, partnering with 150 publishers to

offer nearly 35,000 Christian e-books to

users in 210 countries. n

—with information from the Mid-America

Union and Logos Bible Software

■■NORTH AMERICA

One-volume Adventist Bible

Commentary Due in 2015

Andrews Bible Commentary, at 1,800 pages, to be a ready reference

By MARK A. KELLNER, news editor

SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS and others

interested in the Adventist perspective

on Scripture will soon have a new,

one-volume resource on the Bible.

The Andrews Bible Commentary, due for

release at the 2015 General Conference

session in San Antonio, Texas, is the

church’s first concise, one-volume commentary,

and is intended as a coordinated

resource with the Andrews Study

Bible, released by Andrews University

Press in June 2010.

Andrews University president Niels-

Erik Andreasen announced the new

commentary on Monday, April 15, at the

Spring Meeting of the General Conference

Executive Committee, in Battle

Creek, Michigan.

The commentary project is coordinated

by Andrews University Press, the

world church’s only regularly established

academic publishing house, with

funding from Andrews University and

the General Conference, and oversight

by a project committee of General Conference

and Andrews personnel.

As with the Andrews Study Bible, the

Andrews Bible Commentary is intended

specifically for the general reader, as

well as pastors and church elders, providing

basic Bible teaching in the congregation,

Andreasen said.

In making his announcement,

Andreasen referred the delegates to a

purpose statement for the commentary

that had been approved by the project

committee. It states that the Andrews Bible

Commentary “is a concise, one-volume

exposition of Scripture written by faithful

scholars of the church as a companion

to the Andrews Study Bible for lay readers,

pastors, students, and teachers living in

expectation of the Advent hope.”

“This commentary is aimed to help

the person in the pew. It is written in

plain language,” Andreasen said. He

told the delegates that the writers had

been instructed to write at the same

reading level that they would write an

article for the Adventist Review, the general

church paper of the Adventist

Church.

When it is published and released in

2015, the Andrews Bible Commentary will

have about 1,800 pages of commentary

and helpful articles, or about three

times the original content of the

Andrews Study Bible, according to

Andrews University Press staff.

Andreasen said 60 writers, all Bible

scholars from church institutions and

organizations around the world, have

been contracted to work on the commentary

under the direction of a small

editorial team. The general editor is

Ángel Manuel Rodríguez, retired director

of the General Conference’s Biblical

Research Institute. Associate editors are

Greg King (Old Testament), dean of the

School of Religion, Southern Adventist

University; Gerald Klingbeil (Old Testament),

associate editor, Adventist Review/

Adventist World; and John McVay (New

Testament), president of Walla Walla

University.

Andreasen said some of the writers

have already completed their assignments.

He assured General Conference

president Ted N. C. Wilson that a small

printed sample of selected portions of

the commentary will be available for the

next full meeting of the General Conference

Executive Committee at Annual

Council in October 2013. n

—with information from Andrews University

Press

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (571) 11


World News & Perspectives

■■WORLD CHURCH

Global Religious Freedom Remains a Concern

Church experts express concern over increased intolerance worldwide

By ELIZABETH LECHLEITNER, Adventist News Network

ANDREW KING/ANN

THE MOST recent report by the U.S.

Commission on International Religious

Freedom (USCIRF) has Seventh-day

Adventist human rights experts concerned

over growing state-sponsored or

condoned intolerance toward minority

faith groups worldwide.

“We are again reminded that for religious

minorities, of which Seventh-day

Adventists are in many regions, things

can actually be very difficult and, in

many places, are getting worse,” said

Dwayne Leslie, director of legislative

affairs for the Seventh-day Adventist

world church.

The report from the independent

commission categorizes offenders as

tier 1, tier 2 or “watch list” countries.

Tier 1 nations are designated as “countries

of particular concern” (CPCs),

where religious liberty violations are

defined as “systemic, ongoing, and egregious,”

and include torture, prolonged

detention without charges, disappearances,

and “other flagrant [denials] of

life, liberty or the security of persons.”

Countries redesignated as CPCs this

year are Myanmar, China, Eritrea, Iran,

North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and

Uzbekistan.

Newly categorized this year as tier 1

nations are Egypt, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan,

Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and

Vietnam. While not yet officially CPCs,

these countries do “meet the threshold”

for tier 1 designation, the report states.

Countries designated as tier 2 by the

report are so listed for displaying “negative

trends that could develop into

severe violations of religious freedom.”

These countries are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan,

Cuba, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan,

Laos, and Russia.

A small third group of nations comprise

a watch list, and the commission

is “monitoring” them for violations.

Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Ethiopia,

Turkey, and Venezuela are on this list.

Western Europe has drawn criticism in

recent years for curbing religious expression

among minority faiths. Laws in

EYE ON LIBERTY: Dwayne Leslie, director

of legislative affairs for the Seventh-day

Adventist world church, speaks at a recent

religious liberty event at the Canadian

embassy in Washington, D.C. Leslie is

among religious freedom advocates troubled

by this year’s report from the U.S.

Commission on International Religious

Freedom.

France and Belgium now ban the burqa

and other full-face veils. Switzerland has

barred the construction of new minarets,

or prayer towers atop Muslim mosques.

And so-called defamation of religion

laws—which religious freedom experts

say could restrict religious speech worldwide—continue

to emerge in the region.

In Iran, Leslie said, the government

continues its oppression, arrest, and, in

some cases, torture of Christians, most

recently American pastor Saeed Abedini,

who was imprisoned in Iran in

September ostensibly for his religious

beliefs.

Pakistan, too, has made headlines in

recent months for violence against

Christians. In March a mob torched the

homes and businesses of a Christian

community in response to alleged

insults against Muhammad.

Nigeria is another increasingly troubling

area, Leslie said. The extremist

group Boko Haram has unleashed sectarian

violence on Christian communities

in recent years, regularly bombing

churches and leaving hundreds of worshippers

dead. Since January, Adventists

in the country have reported declining

church attendance and some church closures

amid the country’s worsening

religious conflict.

Countries such as Iran, Pakistan,

and Nigeria, Leslie said, are deeply

entrenched in intolerance, and the

report is unlikely to change their behavior.

But for newly watch-listed countries,

“dialogue can hopefully lead to

greater freedom of belief,” he said.

After reviewing religious freedom

violations, USCIRF makes policy recommendations

to the U.S. president, secretary

of state, and Congress. These

recommendations can include arms

embargos, restrictions on exports, and,

Leslie added, further talks with some

offending nations.

Beyond that, Leslie said, the report

“constantly keeps religious liberty in

the public eye, reminding people why

it’s important for us to continue to fight

for freedom for all people of faith.” n

12 (572) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


CAMP MEETING MEMORIES

For some years in the 1940s the Iowa Conference camp meetings

were held in a church camp near Cedar Falls, Iowa. Since it was

quite a distance from the town, we stocked a small store with

some basic foodstuffs. Being the youngest “worker,” I was given the

responsibility of operating the store. I soon found that, with getting

the food from the town and keeping the store open at certain

hours for the convenience of the campers, I was not getting much

from the camp meeting. I went home that year feeling rather

empty.

When time for the next camp meeting approached, I began to

pray that I would receive some spiritual benefit along with the

other campers. God answered my prayer the first night. The speaker’s

theme was from the story of blind Bartimaeus. When Bartimaeus

reached Jesus, Jesus asked him, “What do you want me to

do for you?” (Mark 10:51).

The message to everyone was “What are you expecting, what

are you here for?” When I answered the question in accordance

with my prayers, that camp meeting experience was spiritually fulfilling—store

and all.

—HAMPTON WHITE, REED CITY, MICHIGAN

ADVENTIST LIFE

When our son Jonathan was small, my husband, Dick, was taking

him for a walk in the park. Jonathan saw two teens up in a large

tree and knew just what to say: “Zacchaeus, you come down!”

—CAROLYN MILLARD, LOLO, MONTANA

When Harvey Byram, then principal at Dallas Junior Academy in

Texas in 1976, poked his head into the seventh and eighth-grade

classroom one morning, we all interrupted our activities to hear

what he had to say. “I have good news and bad news for you. The

good news is that we will have only a half day of school this

morning!”

Our soaring spirits were quickly dashed as he continued, “The

bad news is the other half of the day will be after lunch!”

—ED FRY, PINEHURST, TEXAS

© TERRY CREWS

PHOTO

SPLASH FOR CASH: When approached by the Associated Student

Body of Union College, in Lincoln, Nebraska, to help raise

money for an organization that works to prevent human trafficking

on three continents, John Wagner, Union’s president, jumped—that

is, dove—at the opportunity. He and four other faculty members

challenged the student body to raise money. The faculty member

who raised the most promised to do something, uh, memorable.

Wagner raised the most money, and fulfilled his pledge by diving

off the high dive in a suit. The money not only went to a great

cause, but Wagner saved $12 on dry cleaning.

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (573) 13


Heart and Soul:

Theology

BY ROY E. GANE

the great controversy. But the magnitude of the

problem and the stakes involved are vastly greater

than any other situation involving a need for forgiveness.

All human inhabitants of Planet Earth

have been in rebellion against God. All have sinned

against Him and His eternal law of love that governs

and safeguards the universe (Rom. 3:23; cf.

Matt. 22:37-40). The penalty for that sin is eternal

FOR

death (Rom. 6:23) because intelligent beings with

free choice whose lives are not controlled by love

are destructive and follow Satan in challenging the

sovereignty of the benevolent Creator, who alone

gives and sustains life. To make matters worse,

fallen humans are incapable of adequately keeping

God’s law even if they want to (Rom. 7).

Because God’s eternal moral character is love

BY BEARING THE PENALTY OF ALL HUMAN SIN, CHRIST HAS

DEMONSTRATED THAT GOD JUSTLY GIVES MERCY TO ALL HUMANS.

We know from personal experience

that forgiveness is a process involving

two parties and two stages.

First, it must be offered by the

wronged party as an act of mercy.

This stage completes forgiveness by the wronged

party and makes it available for the party that committed

the offense. Second, the party that committed

the offense must accept forgiveness. Acceptance of

forgiveness involves acknowledgment that the

offense was wrong, trust in the goodwill of the forgiver,

restoration of goodwill toward that party, and

commitment to refrain from further offenses in the

future. With completion of this stage, the offending

party enjoys the benefits of forgiveness.

A community context complicates forgiveness

because other parties can ask: On what basis is it fair

for the wronged party to offer forgiveness to one

offender but not another? Will mercy harm the community

by allowing or even encouraging further

offenses in the future? This is especially serious when

the offender has not only wronged another party, but

has violated a rule or law that has been established to

protect the community by establishing known

boundaries of conduct and equal penalties for violation

of those boundaries. Adequately addressing

these questions so that a forgiven offender can be

accepted within the community requires that forgiveness

be mercifully extended in such a way that justice

is maintained. The offender not only needs to be forgiven;

this party also needs to be justified.

Further complicating forgiveness is a situation

in which the offending party is a group of people.

What if individuals within the group accept forgiveness

offered to it, but others do not? To accomplish

lasting peace between the wronged party and

the group, those who do not accept forgiveness

must be identified and removed from the group.

For example, when a rebel group or offending

nation is defeated in war, terms of peace can

include corporate amnesty. But for individuals to

enjoy the benefits of the amnesty, they must accept

it and lay down their weapons. Otherwise their

threat must be eliminated.

All of the dynamics just described apply to God’s

efforts to save human beings within the context of

(1 John 4:8), and because love includes both justice

and mercy, He must maintain full justice when He

forgives. To do otherwise would violate His nature,

which sustains all life, and jeopardize the safety of

the universe. It is the death of Christ, who is Himself

God (Col. 1:19; 2:9), which makes it possible for

God to justly justify sinners (Rom. 3:26). As God,

Christ is the Creator (John 1:3; Heb. 1:2) and therefore

can represent everyone on Planet Earth. As the

originator of human life, He is our ultimate Father

(Isa. 9:6; compare Luke 3:38). Just as Abraham

could represent any of his descendants (Heb. 7:9,

10), Christ has represented all humans in order to

bear the penalty of our sin as our substitute so

that we might escape death and enjoy eternal life

(John 3:16; 2 Cor. 5:14, 21). Thus Christ’s sacrifice is

both representative and substitutionary.

Now we can understand how Christ’s sacrifice

solves relational aspects of evil on earth by accomplishing

seven things:

14 (574) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


SEVEN

ACCOMPLISHMENTS

OF CHRIST’S

SACRIFICE

be confused with legal-only justification of individuals) to

human beings who rebelled against Him, and, in this sense,

are forgiven as a group (Col. 2:13-15; Rom. 5:18).

Remember the way God corporately forgave the Israelite

nation after the rebellion at Kadesh. Instead of wholesale

destruction, God gave them a new opportunity (Num. 14:20).

This corporate legal amnesty does not mean that everyone

will be saved. Rather, it is conditional in the sense that God

GIVENESS

1

Restoration of Human Rule Over Planet Earth

Jesus described the effect of His death: “Now is

the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this

world will be driven out” (John 12:31; NRSV). 1

Satan has been “the ruler of this world” because he

usurped humanity’s dominion over earth (Gen. 1:26, 28) through

deception resulting in human choice of him (Gen. 3). But when

the God-man Christ died, bearing the full effects of human sin as

the representative of all humanity, He annulled Satan’s right and

reclaimed the lost dominion for the human race.

In other words, since the cross event, the whole world

belongs to Christ not only as the Creator-God who was always

over the world, whether its master was human or Satan (compare

Matt. 4:8-10), but now also as the representative Human

subregent who has succeeded where Adam failed (compare

Rom. 5:12-17). Therefore, He has the right to share the dominion

with His faithful people as a gift to them (Dan. 7:22, 27).

The world, and eternal life on it, belong to them, just as

Canaan already belonged to the Israelites when they reached

its borders (Num. 32:7; Deut. 3:18), and they need only to

appropriate what is already theirs in order to enter into their

rest (Heb. 4) in dwellings that God has already provided for

them (John 14:2, 3).

2

Corporate Amnesty

By winning back the dominion of Planet Earth

for humans through Christ’s sacrifice, God “was

reconciling the world to himself, not counting

their trespasses against them” (2 Cor. 5:19,

NRSV). That is, having decapitated the rebellion by destroying

the right of the devil and his angels to exercise subregency

over earth, God has granted corporate legal amnesty (not to

offers to a group terms that individuals must accept and keep

on accepting in order to enjoy the benefits.

3

Mercy With Justice

By bearing the penalty of all human sin,

Christ has demonstrated that God justly gives

mercy to all humans (Rom. 3:24-26; 5:15-18;

compare Ps. 85:10). So the “gold” of Christ’s justifying

sacrifice is behind the “currency” of His merciful corporate

forgiveness. In this sense Christ’s sacrifice legally

justified the human race as a group, showing the universe that

God is justified in allowing the race to continue. This gift of

corporate justification is the first step in a process. Individual

salvation depends upon a second step at which people personally

accept the justification that is already available for them.

The two steps of justification were symbolized at the Israelite

sanctuary. Regular public sacrifices (Num. 28; 29) accomplished

corporate justification that maintained God’s

life-giving Presence with them, but individuals also needed to

offer their atoning sacrifices in order to receive the benefits of

belonging to the covenant community (Lev. 4; 5; etc.; Num.

15:22-29; contrast verses 30, 31).

At a further stage, represented at the sanctuary by the Day

of Atonement service, God vindicates His own decisions to

forgive or not forgive individuals, depending on whether they

have loyally accepted and continued to accept His gift of forgiveness

(Lev. 16; 23:26-32; Dan. 7:9-14; 8:14). Through God’s

vindication, the loyal are morally “clean” (Lev. 16:30) in the

sense that their sins are now eternally irrelevant (Jer. 31:34).

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (575) 15


BY GIVING HIS SON

TO BE BORN, LIVE,

AND DIE TO SAVE US,

GOD HAS SUPREMELY

DEMONSTRATED HIS LOVE

AND GOODWILL TOWARD

ALL HUMANITY.

4

Continuation of the Human Race

The effect of Christ’s provision for the human

race to continue began at the Fall into sin (Gen.

3), long before the cross. The penalty for rebelling

against God was immediate death (Gen.

2:17; compare Rom. 6:23), which He justly could have administered

the same day to make humans extinct. Adam and Eve

could live on only because God provided for their redemption

through the future sacrifice of Christ (Gen. 3:15; 1 Peter 1:18-

20; Rev. 13:8; 17:8). By continuing to live on probation, humans

have the opportunity to see through Satan’s deception and

make a fair choice between him and God.

5

Appeal to Individually Accept Mercy

By giving His Son to be born, live, and die to

save us, God has supremely demonstrated His

love and goodwill toward all humanity (Luke

2:14; John 3:16; Rom. 2:4; 5:6-8). So we can trust

that the amnesty He offers is genuine and not a trick. By being

lifted up on the cross, Christ draws all people to Himself

(John 12:32) so that they can individually experience peace

with God through justification that they receive by accepting

His gift of amnesty (Rom. 5:1; Eph. 2:8; compare John 3:16).

Christians who point to the Savior “are ambassadors for

Christ, since God is making his appeal through us; we entreat

you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God” (2 Cor. 5:20;

NRSV). The appeal is to accept the corporate amnesty

described in the previous verse: God “was reconciling the

world to himself” (verse 19). The message of these verses is:

Because you are alive by virtue of corporate reconciliation to

God, live accordingly (as individuals).

Moral Restoration

The divine Christ made Himself vulnerable to

6

the temptations that assail all humanity. He did

this by becoming a descendant of many generations

of sinners (Matt. 1), taking weakened human

nature on His sinless divine nature (Luke 1:30, 31, 35). But He

remained morally unblemished (Heb. 4:15) and therefore qualified

to be our representative sacrifice (compare Lev. 22).

Having overcome where we have failed, Christ enables our

inadequate will (Rom. 7) to choose God and His way of love.

He does this by serving as our example (Phil. 2:5-8; 1 Peter

2:21), uniting our lives with His (Gal. 2:20; Col. 1:27), and

empowering our moral transformation through the gift of

the Holy Spirit (John 3; 16:8; Rom. 5:5; 8:1-4; Titus 3:5-7). This

transformation is a journey, not a single stop. It is not enough

for us to accept amnesty/justification on one occasion (compare

1 Kings 1, 2); we need an ongoing relationship with

Christ that continues to loyally accept His gift by faith (John

8:11; Col. 1:21-23; 1 John 5:12) and extends it to others (compare

Matt. 10:8; 18:23-35).

Accountability

By making amazingly graceful provision for

our eternal salvation, Christ’s sacrifice removes

7

any excuse to continue rebelling against God.

Therefore God is fully justified in letting those

who reject Him suffer eternal extinction (Rev. 20) that would

have been the fate of all humanity if Christ had not died. If people

reject His corporate amnesty as applying to them, they are

on their own and must bear their own penalty for rebellion.

Amnesty for all has the goal of making peace, so it can benefit

only those who accept peace on the victor’s terms.

Behold the Lamb

It was normal for a Roman execution to be nauseatingly brutal

and gory, a far cry from the tame and sanitized scenes in our

passion plays. But it wasn’t business as usual on the hill of

death that day. When the tortured Jewish carpenter breathed

His last, “then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two

from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were

split, and the graves were opened. . . . So when the centurion and

those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake

and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying,

‘Truly this was the Son of God!’ ” (Matt. 27:51-54, NKJV). 2

Roman soldiers recognized that in doing their job, they had

unwittingly committed a crime of cosmic significance. But the full,

vast scope of what was accomplished that day would have

stunned them much more: The world had just changed hands forever,

and the Son of God would rise to call for their allegiance. n

1

Bible texts credited to NRSV are from the New Revised Standard Version of the

Bible, copyright © 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council

of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. Used by permission.

2

Texts credited to NKJV are from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1979,

1980, 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

ROY E. GANE IS PROFESSOR OF HEBREW BIBLE AND ANCIENT

NEAR EASTERN LANGUAGES OF THE SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST

THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY AT ANDREWS UNIVERSITY.

16 (576) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


Transformation Tips

Geography of Happiness

EVERYONE SEARCHES FOR HAPPINESS, BUT FEW FIND IT. ERIC WEINER,

former National Public Radio journalist, traveled to places in which people were known to be happy. In a

world of problems, calamities, and atrocities Weiner visited countries that research documented that the

people living there were happy.

In his book The Geography of Bliss (2008), Weiner describes visiting nine countries that rated high

on happiness surveys: The Netherlands, Switzerland, Bhutan, Qatar, Iceland, Thailand, Great Britain,

India, and the United States. He concluded that while so-called happier countries had some elements

in common, they also had significant differences.

Weiner is quick to admit that he didn’t come up with much that was revolutionary or particularly

spiritual. He came away with a few broad, anecdotal conclusions, such as: money matters,

but less than we think. Family is important; so are friends. Envy is toxic; so is excessive thinking.

Trust, as well as gratitude, is essential.

Further, Weiner posits that extroverts are happier than introverts; optimists are happier

than pessimists; married people are happier than singles, though people with children are

no happier than childless couples; people who attend religious services are happier than

those who do not; people with college degrees are happier than those without; people with an

active sex life are happier than those without; women and men are equally happy, though women

have a wider emotional range.

Happiness research bears out that people can do several things to increase feelings of happiness

and well-being. Acts such as smiling, making eye contact, saying hello, sending an appreciative

e-mail, doing kind deeds, thinking of things you are grateful for before sleep, singing songs, working

in nature, having fun, and meditating are a few ways to increase your feeling of well-being.

Location Is Not Everything

So does a person have to live in a certain place to be happy? Fortunately no. The Bible demonstrates

that a Christian can experience a sense of well-being or happiness wherever they are—in the midst

of problems and trials and calamities—anyplace in the world. Christians are happy not because

of where they live but because of what they believe. In fact, a believer in Christ is more interested

in pleasing God than in seeking happiness. Christians know that lasting happiness will be realized

only in the new earth (Rev. 21).

Case in point: Paul and Silas sang joyfully while in prison (Acts 16:16-34), not your typical happy

locale. In a dark, dank prison Paul and Silas belted out songs of praise.

While there are things we can do to be happy, lasting happiness that allows you to sing in prison and in

the martyr’s flames comes from something much more substantive. Paul and Silas had a connection and a

sure foundation that gave them a song in the midst of trouble. They had a sense of heavenly happiness, that

attitude Jesus spoke about in the Beatitudes (Matt. 5:1-12).

Paul and Silas knew their lives were under the umbrella of providence. Like the Hebrews in the fiery

furnace, they had a conviction that God could deliver them, but they would not worry if He chose not to

(Dan. 3:16-18). They believed, as did Joseph, that people can do evil things, but that in partnership with God

the evil that people intend works out for good. They knew that all things work for the good of those who

love God (Rom. 8:28). Their peace, their happiness if you will, transcends location and situation (Phil. 4:7).

John Wilhelm Rowntree (1868-1905) began to lose his sight in his mid-20s. After an examination a doctor

told Rowntree that nothing could be done, and that Rowntree would soon go completely blind. Outside the

office, Rowntree stood holding on to a railing to collect himself. Suddenly he felt the love of God embrace

him, and he was filled with a joy that he had never known before. Under circumstances that were hardly

ideal he experienced the presence of God and a sense of joy and peace that made him truly happy.

True happiness is a choice. That choice brings with it true peace and joy. Well-being is found in a relationship

with a Person, not a place. n

Delbert W.

Baker

DELBERT W. BAKER IS A GENERAL VICE PRESIDENT OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE.

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (577) 17


Cover

Lover

The Dilemma

Marriage may be God’s most powerful

metaphor for helping us grasp the intensity

and complexity of His relationship

with us—Christ gave Himself up for the

church He loved (Eph. 5:25). But His passion

for us is under constant threat—

from seduction. When seduction works,

devastated parents stand impotently by

as some smooth-talking deceiver

exploits their child because no talking,

no persuasion, no hard evidence seems

DOES “SPIRITUALITY” MEAN MORE

or

BY JOHN MARKOVIC

A

horrible and shocking thing has happened

in the land: The prophets prophesy lies,

the priests rule by their own authority, and

my people love it this way. But what will

you do in the end?” (Jer. 5:30, 31).

capable of making a child change course.

Passion and hunger for emotional

attachment produce persistent refusal to

accept sound advice. Parent and friend

must let disaster have its course. Young

life is wasted for lack of discernment.

“How would I know the difference?”

asked a student in one of my classes.

The question is urgent, for marriage is

one of life’s greatest decisions: How do

we distinguish the true lover from the

seducer? Spiritually, our surest safeguard

against seductive infatuation is

knowing the True Lover well. An intimate

and informed relationship with

Jesus Christ is the best protection from

seduction’s falsehood.

Seduction

Jesus, the Suitor, wants to be chosen.

Opposite Him is Satan, the master

seducer, using the same words and

phrases. There is plenty of duplicity in

language use. And the more similar the

language, the more difficult to detect

deception. The seducer makes promises,

lies wrapped in truth. So it was at the

tree of knowledge of good and evil. And

so with Jesus in the desert. Flattery, flirtation,

evoking self-pity, all are his tools.

Those who doubt, who are hurting, who

are marginalized, ostracized, who are

unchurched, nonchurched, dechurched,

as the “emergents” like to say, are especially

in danger, for his dishonesty

thrives on our vulnerability. And if we

are unsure of the Word of the True

Lover, we will the more easily fall for the

18 (578) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


seducer’s fake spirituality and falsehood.

The seducer wants to be taken for

the real thing. Mental confusion works

in his favor. While the sincere Suitor

offers His life to His beloved, the

seducer wants to use her for a night.

Contemporary Spirituality

Today’s seduction seems much more

potent than decades ago. Changes in

our academic and cultural settings

within the past six decades have made it

THAN ONE THING?

Seducer?

easier for the seducer. For example, the

Bible’s role in one’s life was much easier

to discuss with yesterday’s atheists than

with today’s postmodernists. It was

easier for Christian youth to hold their

ground on Genesis 1 against regnant

secularism, naturalism, and atheism

than for young Christians today against

an evolution that has been christened as

theistic. In my years in the Communist

educational system of the former Yugoslavia,

I had an easier time resisting

Marxist teachers than my children in a

Christian educational system today riddled

with theistic evolutionist sentiment

and postmodern philosophizing.

Religious leaders claiming Jesus today

rank among the greatest perpetrators of

the confusion of our age. Brian McLaren’s

book A Generous Orthodoxy 1 powerfully

examples this confusion. McLaren

has been called “the Moses leading us

out of the land of Modernity,” and “recognized

as the Martin Luther of Emergence

internationally.” 2 With his

world-embracing title (see note 1), one

wonders what he teaches that everyone

of all stripes does not already believe.

McLaren and many other contemporary

Christians work hard to confuse by their

distinctions—“We are not religious, we

are spiritual!” Spirituality is in, and being

religious is out! No more talk about do’s

and don’ts. Now we’re asked to reject

the old ways of religiosity and adopt

new ways of spirituality. At the same

time contemporary spirituality literature

overflows with admiration for the

medieval Patristic tradition. Mysticism

and the monastic way of life enjoy new

esteem. Richard J. Foster and Gayle D.

Beebe offer the tradition of mysticism as

the seven paths of Christian spirituality.

3 New heroes of spirituality include

Martin Luther and John Calvin, together

with Ignatius of Loyola. We are expected

to model not only Augustine and Francis

of Assisi, but Pseudo-Dionysius and the

Cloud of Unknowing. The Protestant tradition

is even blamed for society’s evil

by contrast with the spiritual model of

the medieval Catholic mystical tradition.

Tired of Religion

People are said to be tired of religion.

While this may indeed be so, much more

mischief may be accomplished by continually

repeating that claim. Moreover, while

many are indeed thirsty for meaningful

spirituality, the term also legitimizes personal

lifestyles that will not tolerate doctrine’s

divisiveness, and the “judgmental”

criticisms of “sinful behavior.”

Opposing religiosity to spirituality

well pleases the seducer. For Christ’s

true disciples are both devotedly religious

and deeply spiritual, with spiritual

signifying being under the guidance of

the Holy Spirit. For more than one spirit

is abroad (1 John 4:1).

The Mystics and Mysticism

Mystics love to stress that materialism,

atheism, consumerism, and other forces

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (579) 19


of modernity—including the influence of

the Protestant Reformation—have deanimated

nature. We need to reanimate

nature. We have forgotten, they claim, that

God’s Spirit is present everywhere in

nature. The rhetoric, unsupported by serious

study of the Scriptures, satisfies many

a whimsical lifestyle. For many, it is far

easier to live according to the book of

nature, than according to the Bible. In this

they may overlook that (nature’s beauty,

design, and complexity notwithstanding)

it is the God of Creation, rather than any

object or force of nature, the inner self

included, that we are required to worship.

Bible study, some say, leads to argument,

but when we pray we stop arguing. Thus

prayer, along with contemplation and

meditation, opposes biblical investigation.

None of these is wrong per se. But chosen

instead of Bible study they may facilitate

every manner of diabolical deception. The

Bible’s prayers disclose a manner, language,

content, and intent far different

from those taught by many modern mystics

and spiritual gurus. Biblical meditation

is frequently a matter of thought about

God’s law (Joshua 1:8; Ps. 1:2; 119:48).

Mysticism’s past 50-plus years have

shown great dynamism across the western

world. Barbara Bradley Hagerty, National

Public Radio’s award-winning religion

correspondent, reports that fully half of all

Americans have had a life-altering spiritual

or mystical experience. 4 Accepting

mysticism as just another form of spirituality

immediately elevates the status of

Christian mysticism. But assurances that

Christian mysticism is different from that

practiced in the Far East are complicated

by dismissive opinion that the differences

are of cosmetic and not essential nature.

BIBLICAL MEDITATION

IS FREQUENTLY

A MATTER OF THOUGHT

ABOUT GOD’S LAW.

Problems With Definition

Mystics themselves may be rather

mystical about the true nature of mysticism.

Definition of the mystic as one

who seeks companionship with Christ,

one whose religious life is centered

around experiences with or of God

rather than around traditionally

accepted beliefs and doctrine, may not

say much, though it purports to be

informative on the subject matter.

Christians in general seek companionship

with Christ. But all Christians

are not therefore, whether in their own

minds or in popular understanding,

mystics. Most self-identified mystics

would reject the premise that they are

the same as Christians in general. Furthermore,

all truly converted Christians

center their lives around experiences

with God, rather than around doctrines

and dogmas. Yet they do not, for such

reason, deem themselves mystics. To

define mystics in these terms may

equate with arguing that because the

seducer is loving, attentive, caring, gentle,

nice, quotes the Scriptures, and so

forth, he is the true lover.

Opposing economic exploitation of

workers does not make me a Marxist.

Supporting equal treatment of women

and men does not make me a feminist.

That Paul was caught up in a vision, and

a mystic one at that (2 Cor. 12:1-4), does

not make him a mystic. And claiming

Ellen G. White to be a mystic denies

understanding of both the true nature of

mysticism and of White’s message.

White herself has recorded rather stern

warnings against mysticism. “The study

of God’s Word should take the place of

the study of those books that have led

minds into mysticism and away from

truth.” 5 In referring to the John Harvey

Kellogg’s The Living Temple, she cautions,

“We do not need the mysticism that is in

this book. Those who entertain these

sophistries will soon find themselves in

a position where the enemy can talk with

them, and lead them away from God.” 6

Here is a fair enough definition of mysticism—a

spiritual-intellectual notion that

truth proceeds “from certain inner lights.”

By contrast, Bernard McGinn, scholar of

Western mysticism, simply defines it as a

utopian dream. But he does believe proper

research of the written records left behind

by and about the Christian mystics can

help our understanding. 7

McGinn’s three headings of analysis

on mysticism are (1) as an element of

religion; (2) as a way of life; and (3) “as

an attempt to express a direct consciousness

of the presence of God.” 8 We

may add a fourth: mysticism as the end

result of certain (mystical) practices.

Analyzing a Phenomenon

Mysticism, a term evoking secrecy,

whose lexical basis means “to close”

(the eyes or lips—Greek, muein), 9 is an

ancient phenomenon familiar to Egyptian,

Babylonian, Hindu, Greek, and

medieval peoples. Like ancient Gnostics

claiming unique esoteric knowledge of

spirituality (gnosis) that liberates from

this material and evil world, mystics

claim to possess knowledge of how to

reach a higher and unique level of contemplative

consciousness that is essential

to attain union with the divine

within, or the divine outside oneself.

Mystics are able to perforate “the veil

of physical reality” and glimpse the

world beyond, reports Hagerty. 10 She

also reports a finding of American philosopher

and psychologist William

James (1842-1910) that mystics know

“firsthand ‘the [realities] of the

unseen.’ ” According to her summary of

20 (580)

| www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


James, all mystical experiences share:

(1) ineffability (human language cannot

describe them); (2) a noetic quality (“a

deep insight that is truer to the person

than the material world itself”); (3)

transience (they quickly ebb); and (4)

surprise (they “pounce”: external power

“takes control, pushing the mystic into

the passenger’s seat”). 11 She quotes

James: “the mystic feels as if his own

will were in abeyance, and indeed sometimes

as if he were grasped and held by

a superior power.” 12

Answering my query on the ultimate

objective of his meditation and spirituality,

a Hindu priest responded, “To

become one with Brahman.”

I asked again, “Does that mean, when

I become one with Brahman, I cease to

exist as an individual, distinct person?”

“Yes,” he said.

To that, I could say nothing but “Thank

you.” And according to Franciscan priest

Richard Rohr, a mystic whose lectures I

have attended, critical, analytical, dualistic

thinking (good versus evil, right versus

wrong) is a primitive and immature

way of thinking, even predatory, and certainly

inadequate to the experience of

spiritual truths, divine love, divine forgiveness,

or the divine presence. For these

it is essential that we learn the nondualistic

state of mind, actually, a superior

level of contemplative consciousness, a

“third-eye” seeing reality. Journey to this

contemplative consciousness involves a mixture

of light and darkness and more or

less requires cessation of thought.

In Conclusion

Ron, a friend of mine, studied the

Bible with Bob. 13 Bob could not accept

the Sabbath truth. He wanted a different

answer. He would pray to God, he told

Ron. Bob prayed and prayed until one

night he was visited by a being he

believed was Jesus, who told him to

remain faithful to his Orthodox tradition.

He promptly stopped further Bible

study with Ron. Evidently, it’s possible

to have your prayers answered contrary

to the Bible. Years passed by, and Ron

forgot about Bob. One day Bob knocked

on Ron’s door, and confessed that for all

of this time he had had no peace, and

that life was not good for him. Prayer

had sent him back to what the Bible says.

He eventually got baptized and became a

leading elder in the local church.

God’s Word created everything that is

(Ps. 33:6, 9). His original gift of humanity

involved the power to think and to

do 14 —thoughts and actions that should

be guided by obedience to that very lifegiving

Word that makes us wise unto

salvation through its reproof, correction,

and righteous instruction (Deut.

8:3; Matt. 4:4; 2 Tim. 3:15, 16). Our experience

of and with God engages rather

than sets aside our intelligence, and is

subject to the entrance of that Word

that brightens the path our feet must

follow (Ps. 119:105). God’s promise of

Edenic restoration guarantees to saved

humanity an eternal, distinct, and intelligent

individuality—we shall know as

we are known (1 Cor. 13:12). Becoming

one with Brahman, or as Christian mystics

say, achieving oneness with the

divine, where personal individuality is

lost, is the sale of mindlessness and

nonpersonhood, in effect, the sale of

death and nonexistence, as something

desirable. It is rearticulation of the

ancient lie, “You will not certainly die,

. . . you will be like God” (Gen. 3:4, 5).

The choice between the options of mysticism

thus exposed, and the plain

teachings of Scripture, is the choice

between the deceptions of the seducer,

and the affections of the True Lover. n

1

Brian McLaren, A Generous Orthodoxy: Why I Am a

Missional, Evangelical, Post/Protestant, Liberal/Conservative,

Mystical/Poetic, Biblical, Charismatic/Contemplative, Fundamentalist/Calvinist,

Anabaptist/Anglican, Methodist, Catholic,

Green, Incarnational, Depressed-yet-hopeful, Emergent,

Unfinished Christian (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004).

2

See Phyllis Tickle, Emergence Christianity: What It Is,

Where It Is Going, and Why It Matters (Grand Rapids:

Baker, 2012), p. 99. The “Moses” nickname derives

from popular conversation.

3

Richard J. Foster and Gayle D. Beebe, Longing for

God: Seven Paths of Christian Devotion (Downers Grove,

Ill.: InterVarsity, 2009).

4

Barbara Bradley Hagerty, Fingerprints of God: The

Search for the Science of Spirituality (New York: Penguin

Group, 2009), p. 33, and endnote 23.

5

Ellen G. White, Testimonies for the Church (Mountain

View, Calif.: Pacific Press Pub. Assn., 1948), vol. 6, p. 132.

6

Ellen G. White, Selected Messages (Washington, D.C.:

Review and Herald Pub. Assn., 1958, 1980), book 1, p. 202.

7

Bernard McGinn, The Foundations of Mysticism, The

Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism

(New York: The Crossroad Pub. Co., 1991), vol. 1, pp. xiixv.

McGinn’s monumental commitment to his own

conviction has so far produced five volumes totaling

more than 3,000 pages of text and footnotes.

8

McGinn, pp. xv, xvi.

9

James A. Wiseman, Spirituality and Mysticism: A

Global View (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 2006), p. 7.

10

Hagerty, p. 16.

11

Ibid., p. 25.

12

Ibid. Also William James, The Varieties of Religious

Experience: A Study in Human Nature (Cambridge, Mass.:

Harvard University Press, 1902, 1985), p. 3.

13

Not their real names.

14

Ellen G. White, Education (Mountain View, Calif.:

Pacific Press Pub. Assn., 1903), p. 17.

JOHN MARKOVIC IS A PROFESSOR

OF HISTORY AT ANDREWS

UNIVERSITY, WHO HAS ALSO

STUDIED THE PHENOMENON OF THE

EMERGENT CHURCH.

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (581) 21


Devotional

BY TY GIBSON

One day in a little Australian

town called Byron Bay I

noticed a sign that read “I

saw the universe change

today.” Whoever wrote

those words was paying attention.

God’s Three Options

According to “chaos theory,” the single

movement of a butterfly’s wing may be

the determining factor in the formation

of a hurricane. According to the

Bible, the movements of each

individual life exert determinative

effects on the quality of other

lives, even to the point of impacting

eternal destinies.

Each deed you execute triggers

a series of outcomes for which

you are the solitary source.

As God went forward with the work

of creation, only three conceivable possibilities

lay before Him. He could create

(1) machines, (2) slaves, or (3) free

moral agents. Only the third option

would be consistent with the aspirations

of love, which is the essence of

who God is. So here we are, beings of

huge and magnificent significance,

beings who matter so much that our

actions run adjacent to God’s actions as

genuinely free, beings who possess the

power to create effects for which we

alone are the cause, and which ripple

into eternity with never-ending impact.

God created humanity “in his own

image” (Gen. 1:27), which means, among

other things, that every human being is

“endowed with a power akin to that of

the Creator—individuality, power to

think and to do.” 1

The human being is a mind-boggling

wonder. Standing in blown-away awe of

what it means to be human, King David

sang to the Creator, “What is man that

You take thought of him, and the son of

man that You care for him? Yet You have

made him a little lower than God, and

You crown him with glory and majesty!”

(Ps. 8:4, 5). 2 Daniel the prophet realized

the weightiness of our moral influence

when he said that those “who lead . . .

many to righteousness” will “shine . . .

like the stars forever and ever” (Dan.

12:3), while others, he said, will go down

in history with “disgrace and everlasting

contempt” (verse 2). Said another way,

human actions carry eternal effects.

The Difference You Make

In the wake of each person’s decisions,

strands of history are set in

motion that otherwise would never

unfold. The shape of reality itself has

EACH DEED YOU EXECUTE

TRIGGERS A SERIES OF

OUTCOMES FOR WHICH YOU

ARE THE SOLITARY SOURCE.

been and is being incrementally configured

by the wondrous outworking of

your will, my will, every other will, and

the interplay between them all. What

you do matters immensely because

what you do brings into existence one

relational dynamic after another, either

positive or negative, that otherwise

would not exist. Each deed

you execute triggers a

series of outcomes for

which you are the solitary

source.

There are people—real people with

names and faces—who are what they

are, who know what they know, who feel

what they feel, fear what they fear, and

love what they love because of you.

There is pain in the world right now

that would not exist if I had not done

some particular deeds that imposed it.

And, no doubt, there is joy in some heart

right now that would not be there if I

had not given it. More amazing still,

your “fingerprints,” and mine, are upon

the very heart of God. Your life, and my

life, have impacted the Almighty Creator

of the universe. He has known grief and

pain, as well as elation and joy, because

of you and because of me. Jesus

explained that anything I do for or

against any human being registers in

His heart as if done to Him. At the very

least, this means that the effect of every

moral action is borne by God because of

His infinitely empathetic love for every

person (Matt. 25:40-45). Divinity itself is

injured by our wrongs and blessed by

our right doing. The loss of one soul will

leave God forever bereft of the companionship

that might have been His if that

soul had been saved, and the rescue of

one soul will bestow immeasurable,

eternal joy upon God’s heart.

There are men and women and children

who await your impact, who crave

your love, who may be morally elevated

by your example, made alive

by your kind words, forever

saved by your revelation of

the Savior’s heart. It lies

within my power as a human

being, made in God’s image,

to actualize events and relationships

of everlasting

beauty that cannot come to pass apart

from my choices. Every act of love I perform

constitutes an infinite moral good

that makes a difference to the course of

history and, therefore, in the eternal

scheme of reality itself. If I speak a word

of encouragement to a heavy heart, it

matters on a grand and eternal scale. If I

Why You

visit a sick person and envelop their

heart in compassion, that deed means

something of staggering worth. If I feed

a hungry child, doing so constitutes a

crucial experience of generosity in that

child’s existence, as well as in God’s

existence as the Omni-benevolent One

who loves that child as Himself.

Each human being’s life carries an

“eternal weight of glory” (2 Cor. 4:17), a

weight of moral and relational dignity

that only eternity itself can measure.

Which means that the measurement of

my life’s influence will never reach its

final calculation. Each deed will ripple

forever in its effect.

Take it in: the overall content of reality

for other created beings and for God

Himself will forever bear the mark of

your individual existence, and mine.

Every deed you perform stands com-

22 (582) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


pletely alone as a new piece of reality

that could not have occurred if you had

not made it happen. Our lives are so

astoundingly fraught with materializing

significance!

Are You Paying Attention?

Which, of course, urges the question:

What will I do with my life, my weighty,

grave, massively impactful life? And

what will you do with yours?

Really, there is but one course to pursue:

Go for broke living for God and for

others. Spend and be spent for the

advancement of God’s self-giving kingdom.

Get, now, the awesome import of

that ancient word, foundational to three

world religions, spoken for Israel and

you from God by His mouthpiece

Moses, and reiterated by the Lord Jesus

Christ Himself: “Love the Lord your God

with all your heart, and with all your

soul, and with all your mind,” and “love

your neighbor as yourself” (Matt. 22:37,

39; see Deut. 6:6; Lev. 19:18).

So what will you do with your life

today, this very hour? Look around you.

There are men and women and children

who await your impact, who crave your

Matter So Much

love, who may be morally elevated by

your example, made alive by your kind

words, forever saved by your revelation

of the Savior’s heart.

“I saw the universe change today,”

and it was by my choices and yours that

it happened.

Did you see it change too? n

1

Ellen G. White, Education (Mountain View, Calif.:

Pacific Press Pub. Assn., 1903), p. 17.

2

Scripture quotations in this article are from the

New American Standard Bible, copyright © 1960, 1962,

1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The

Lockman Foundation. Used by permission.

HOW

YOU

SHAPE

THE

UNIVERSE

TY GIBSON, AUTHOR OF EIGHT

BOOKS, CODIRECTS LIGHT BEARERS,

AN INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING,

TEACHING, AND MEDIA MINISTRY.

SUSAN, HIS WIFE, IS THE LOVE OF HIS

LIFE. THEY HAVE THREE CHILDREN.

23


Spirit of Prophecy

From

Stren th

Hostile Tactics

The enemy well knows that no other

class can do so much good as young

men and young women who are consecrated

to God’s service. Therefore he

makes every effort to lead them to find

their happiness in worldly amusements,

and to justify themselves by

endeavoring to show these amusements

are harmless, innocent, and even necessary

to physical well-being. He presents

the path of holiness as hard and thorny,

while declaring that the paths of

worldly pleasure are strewn with flowto

Stren

th

BY ELLEN G. WHITE

Life is a mysterious and sacred

trust. Precious are its opportunities,

and faithfully should they be

improved.

Youth Who Shine

God desires the youth to stand in that

position where they can honor Him all

the time. They cannot afford to go on to

Satan’s ground every now and then, but

must press steadily forward to the mark

of the prize of the high calling of God in

Christ Jesus. Only as they place themselves

under the broad shield of Omnipotence,

can safety be assured to them in the

hour of temptation. Only there as they

work out their salvation with fear and

trembling, can God work through them

to will and to do of His good pleasure.

Our youth need to have a clearer

understanding of what it means to

overcome by the blood of the Lamb and

the word of their testimony. They need

to learn, as they follow on to know the

Lord, that His going forth is prepared as

the morning. You have watched the rising

sun, and the gradual breaking of day

over the earth. Little by little the light

increases until the world is flooded

with the full light of day. This is a beautiful

illustration of what God desires to

do for His children in the perfection of

Christian character. Only by making

constant advancement can the youth

fulfill God’s purpose for them. As

opportunities multiply and are

improved, the experience will enlarge,

and knowledge increase. The youth will

become strong to bear responsibility,

because they are constantly growing in

happiness, in holiness, in usefulness.

ers. In false and flattering colors, he

arrays the world with its pleasure

before the youth, and many are led to

destruction by his deceptions. Those

who learn to love amusement for its

own sake open the door to a flood of

temptations. They are led on from one

form of dissipation to another until

they lose the desire for a life of usefulness

in God’s cause. Their higher aspirations

are chilled; their spiritual life is

darkened. Finding their pleasures in the

world, and the things of the world, they

become strangers to the Father and to

the graces of His Spirit.

There are others whom Satan is binding

to the world by love of gain. He is employ-

24 (584) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


ing all his ingenuity to lead the youth to

become so absorbed in the pursuit of

worldly power and wealth that they can

give no heed to a “Thus saith the Lord.”

Thus he leads them to give their lives to

self-serving, and they develop, not the attributes

of good, but the attributes of evil.

If our characters are to meet the

approval of God, we must fashion the

life according to the perfect pattern.

“The Word was made flesh, and dwelt

among us; . . . full of grace and truth.”

The followers of Christ are to represent

Him in all that they do and say. They are

to live His life. The principles by which

He was guided are to shape their lives

and mold their characters.

Modeling Jesus

The youth should keep ever before

them the course that Christ followed. It

was a course of constant overcoming.

He wrestled with temptations greater

than any you will be called to meet; and

He stood the test. He refused to yield to

temptation. Though physical strength

failed, His faith did not fail.

It was not only on the cross that Christ

gave Himself for humanity, not only in the

wilderness of temptation and in Gethsemane

that He overcame in our behalf.

Every day’s experience was an outpouring

of His life; every day he learned obedience

by the things which He suffered. And

because the life of Jesus was a life of perfect

trust His service for heaven and earth

was without failure or faltering. He met

and resisted all the temptations that man

must meet because in His humanity He

relied upon divine power.

The life of Christ reveals what every

youth may accomplish through His

grace. As the enemy worked to overcome

the Savior, so he works against

God’s children today. There will come to

you, as there came to Christ times of

special difficulty and need. But in every

trial and difficulty know that Christ has

passed this way before you. And He who

came forth from the most severe test

without one stain of sin, stands ready to

strengthen all who struggle with Him

against the powers of evil. He understands

every difficulty. He waits to hear

and answer prayer.

Satan is striving to mold us into his

likeness. Christ waits to give us power

to resist the enemy’s temptations.

With deepest interest the universe of

heaven watches the conflict between

Christ, in the person of His saints, and

the great deceiver. Dear youth, you

cannot afford to make mistakes in this

conflict. Guard your spirit, guard your

words, guard your actions. Open heart

and mind to the impressions of the

Holy Spirit, and be determined to

stand for truth and righteousness. He

who knows your weakness will impart

to you strength; angels will work in

your behalf, enabling you to stand

firm for God.

Impacting the World

Every day you are to prepare for the

coming of Christ by every day having an

increased faith, a fuller and deeper

experience in the things of God. Put

away foolishness from the life. This is

not a time for trifling. Believers and

unbelievers need the help of your influence.

All around you are those who need

to know the transforming power of

truth; and they will know it only as it is

revealed to them in Christlike lives. Will

you not help these to obtain joy and

peace in Christ? If you will put self out

of sight, and come into right relation to

God, you will learn to manifest a spirit

that will make you a blessing to all with

whom you associate.

The Lord wants you to help another.

You should lay hold of every possible

advantage, that you may be trained for

efficient service. Every capability and

power you possess should be regarded

as a sacred trust, to be used in making

known the saving power of grace. This

is your business—your chief business.

The Savior revealed a wonderful love,

a wonderful earnestness when He gave

His life that we might be cleansed from

GUARD YOUR SPIRIT,

GUARD YOUR WORDS,

GUARD YOUR ACTIONS.

iniquity. He is the pattern to be followed

by all who have named His name.

The shortness of time, and the responsibilities

resting upon us as sons and

daughters of God should lead us to ask

ourselves at every step if we are following

His example. n

THIS ARTICLE WAS FIRST PUBLISHED

IN COLUMBIA UNION VISITOR,

OCTOBER 2, 1912. ELLEN G. WHITE,

ITS AUTHOR, WAS ONE OF THE

FOUNDERS OF THE SEVENTH-DAY

ADVENTIST CHURCH. HER LIFE AND WORK TESTIFIED

TO THE SPECIAL GUIDANCE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (585) 25


Adventist Life

BECAUSE

BUBBLE WRAP

IS IMPRACTICAL

26 (586) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


Imagine this

true-to-life story.

Can you relate?

BY ASHELEY WOODRUFF

Caleb had been legally blind as

far back as he could remember.

Born with a genetic disorder

affecting his eyes, Caleb

had poor depth perception

and was unable to focus his vision on

specific objects. Even with corrective

lenses, his eyesight was 20/70 at best.

Despite the visual challenges he faced,

Caleb’s parents were determined to help

him live as independently as possible.

When Caleb was 5, his parents

enrolled him in kindergarten at their

local elementary school. Caleb was

placed in special education classes where

he was guaranteed to receive additional

help from a trained worker. He learned

to read and write using braille tablets,

and quickly showed an aptitude for

math. Caleb was so skilled in math that

when he reached the sixth grade, he was

allowed to take advanced math classes

with the rest of the student body.

Unfortunately, some of the other students

in Caleb’s advanced math class

were not accepting of his visual impairment.

Whether they were intimidated by

his ability to do the problems in his head,

or because they just didn’t like him, two

of the boys in the class began to bully

Caleb. Sometimes it was something

small and irritating, such as moving his

backpack. Other times it was more intrusive,

such as hiding his braille tablet or

talking calculator. Every day the two boys

would find some way to make Caleb feel

as if he truly was handicapped.

Frustrated and angry, Caleb withdrew

socially. He brought home poor report

cards and finally asked his parents if he

could drop the advanced math class. Concerned

about his welfare, Caleb’s parents

questioned him about school. Caleb

admitted that he was unhappy because

he was being bullied. Caleb’s parents

immediately called the school to request

a meeting with administrators to discuss

the bullying that was taking place.

After an action plan had been implemented,

the school counselor recommended

that Caleb attend a week of blind

camp at Leoni Meadows, one of the National

Camps for Blind Children. The counselor

felt that Caleb would benefit from being

around other children who were also visually

impaired and that it would provide

opportunities to boost his self-esteem.

Caleb was enrolled and quickly made

friends with other kids at the camp. He participated

in archery, canoeing, horseback

riding, and even climbed the high ropes

course. His camp counselor taught him that

if he could ride a horse, then he could “do

just about anything” he wanted to.

Are We Surrounded

by Bullies?

It seems almost monthly now that we

hear reports of severe bullying in the

news. It comes in many forms: children

bullying teachers, teachers bullying

children, and children bullying each

other. We learn about these events

because someone recorded them on

their phone and then posted them to

YouTube or Facebook. There are dozens

of cases of bullying, however, that go

unreported every day across the nation.

As a parent I wonder what more can be

done to help protect our children.

Childhood is supposed to be a time of

learning how to socialize, and developing

creativity. It’s when we, as parents,

take a few steps back and give our children

the freedom to discover the world

around them. As a mother I want my

children to be safe, but I also want them

to be curious and independent. When I

see reports of bullying occurring in our

schools, it makes me wonder what steps

can be taken to ensure my children will

be both empowered and protected.

It’s estimated that thousands of kids

experience some form of bullying every

day in schools across the nation,

whether it’s physical, verbal, or social.

According to the National Bullying Prevention

Center 1 and the American Academy

of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2

about one quarter to one half of all children

are bullied. If the child has a disability,

particularly one that is easily

noticed, then the child is two to three

times more likely to be bullied regularly.

Consider the case of Caleb, a child like

any other except that he is legally blind.

His visual impairment made him a target

for the bullies in his school. Caleb did

not know how to cope with the bullying

he received, and as a result he suffered

emotionally and academically. Caleb’s

parents were not aware he was being

bullied until his grades began to suffer.

Because bullying can occur in many

nonphysical forms, it may be hard for

adults to recognize when a child is

being bullied. In the case of children

with special needs, the removal of helping

aids, social exclusion, and verbal

teasing are typical. Usually the type of

bullying depends on the child’s gender.

Boys tend to favor physical forms of

coercion or intimidation, while girls

tend to use social tactics such as verbal

abuse or social exclusion. Both types of

bullying can be extremely hurtful to the

victim on the emotional level.

As if this wasn’t enough, cyberbullying

is on the rise. The Journal of Adventist

Education points out that cyberbullying

allows bullies to harass their victims

beyond the boundaries of the school

building and school hours. Cyberbullying

allows the perpetrators to use an

“invisible” attack that parents and

teachers may not know about because it

takes place via texting or on social net-

POSITIVE WAYS TO BULLYPROOF YOUR BLIND CHILD

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (587) 27


working sites. “It is possible that the

damage caused by cyberbullying may be

greater than the harm caused by traditional

bullying. Online communication

can be extremely vicious” and allows for

others to pile on their comments, without

having to face the victim. “Once it is

distributed worldwide, it is often irretrievable.”

3 Furthermore, cyberbullying

diminishes the child’s ability to escape

the harassment. The message the child

receives is: “there are no safe places.”

Children who do not know how to

cope with the bullying may develop

mental health problems such as depression

or anxiety, which can affect the

child’s ability to do well in school. In

Caleb’s case, he withdrew from his favorite

school activities, and his grades began

to drop. Since his grades were dropping,

a meeting between school officials and

Caleb’s parents was the best first step to

help end the bullying behavior. Caleb’s

parents also chose to send him to a week

of blind camp with National Camps for

Blind Children to help restore Caleb’s

self-esteem and confidence.

Since 1967 National Camps for Blind

Children (NCBC) has offered free-ofcharge

esteem-building summer and

winter camp weeks for children and

adults who are visually impaired. NCBC,

a program of Christian Record Services

for the Blind (CRSB), gives campers

access to outdoor physical activities,

spiritual enrichment through worship

with Adventist pastors, and the camaraderie

of friends and staff members.

At camp Caleb was able to participate

in activities such as waterskiing and

horseback riding with others who were

visually impaired. During campfire time

he was able to sing and talk with other

kids who understood the challenges he

faced at school. His new friends provided

Caleb with the emotional foundation

he needed, and the camp

counselors were there to help him when

he became discouraged.

Proactive Measures

for Parents

There are many things we as parents

can do to help our children learn to cope

and hopefully avoid bullying. One proac-

tive measure is to make yourself known to

your child’s school. By learning how the

school implements their policies, what the

current practices are, and whether those

practices are known to work, will help parents

know how to address the school

administration if necessary.

In her blog “Bullying: A Parent’s Perspective,”

Mary McDonach states that

initiating a positive relationship with

school administrators increases the

likelihood that problems of bullying

will be dealt with immediately. Also, by

being proactive as parents, the child’s

school is held accountable for following

through immediately.

Teaching a child to have good selfesteem

is always important, and it’s also

one of the best ways to help combat bullying.

Children need to feel valued and

important when they are part of a group.

Additionally, participating in fun activities

helps the child develop a sense of

confidence that will combat any negative

interactions they might have at school.

Finally, teaching the child not to react to

the bully is another proactive step parents

and teachers can take. Bullies look for a

reaction from their victims; therefore,

teaching the child not to give a reaction

makes the child a less-interesting target.

Even the best proactive measures,

however, may not prevent bullying.

Some kids will continue to be bullies

regardless of how a child acts. Therefore,

it’s important that we parents be

aware of signs that would indicate our

child is being bullied. They include:

• becoming withdrawn

• fear of going to school

• increasing signs of depression

(lethargy, loss of appetite or interest in

normal activities)

• a noticeable decline in school performance

(grades or class participation)

• speaking of another child in fear

• noticeable decline in the child’s

self-esteem or self-image

• indications of physical violence,

such as bruises, scrapes, or other marks

Immediate Action Needed

If there is any suspicion that a child is

being bullied, immediate action is best.

There is nothing wrong with confronting

our children if we suspect something

is wrong. Children may be

embarrassed to talk to adults because

they feel they should be able to handle a

bullying situation. They may think

there’s nothing that can be done to stop

someone from harassing them.

By approaching the child first, we can

remove some of the emotional stress for

the child and also show our kids we

notice when things aren’t right in their

world. After talking with the child, parents

should then arrange to meet with

the school’s administration to develop

an action plan. Action plans can include

mediation between the students and

increased attention paid to the situation

while the child is on school grounds. If

age-appropriate, it may also help to

involve our children in these meetings.

By being present during the meeting,

the child will see that their problem is

being taken seriously. It will also show

the child that their parents are interested

in finding a solution and that the

child’s input matters.

Children can also be taught how to be

assertive with bullies. Assertive does not

mean aggressive. Assertive means that the

child stands their ground and forcefully

informs the bully to leave them alone. This

may not come naturally to everyone, so

practicing forceful statements such as

“Please leave me alone” or “Please do not

move my stuff” in a loud enough manner

to get the teacher’s attention is helpful.

The child should also be encouraged to

seek the help of the teacher, if avoiding the

bullies is not an option, and to report each

incidence of bullying when it happens. n

1

National Bullying Prevention Center, 2012, Bullying

and Harassment of Students With Disabilities, www.pacer.

org/bullying/resources/students-with-disabilities/.

2

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,

“Bullying,” March 2011, www.aacap.org/cs/

root/facts_for_families/bullying.

3

Susan M. Taylor, “Cyber Bullying Penetrates the

Walls of the Traditional Classroom,” Journal of Adventist

Education, December 2010-January 2011, pp. 37-41.

ASHELEY WOODRUFF IS A

LICENSED COUNSELOR, MOM, AND

WIFE WHO LIVES IN NAMPA, IDAHO.

SHE SPLITS HER TIME BETWEEN HER

COUNSELING PRACTICE IN BOISE AND

TEACHING PSYCHOLOGY FOR THE COLLEGE OF

WESTERN IDAHO.

28 (588) | www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013


Dateline Moscow

My Real-Life “Mission

Impossible” (With Spies)

RYAN FOGLE MAY BE KNOWN TO THE WORLD AS THE ACCUSED CIA SPY WHO

was expelled from Russia. But to me he will always be an answer to prayer.

Fogle made international headlines in May when the Federal Security Service, the successor agency

to the Soviet KGB, detained him for allegedly trying to recruit a Russian agent. State television aired

footage portraying him as a bumbling spy, the Russian Foreign Ministry declared him persona non

grata, and he left the country five days later. But the Ryan Fogle whom I met showed little resemblance

to the inept spy depicted by Russian authorities.

Fogle was standing near the United States ambassador when I arrived at Spaso House, the ambassador’s

residence, for a reception to celebrate U.S. Independence Day in 2011. Youthful and

clean-cut, he greeted me with a warm smile and a handshake. He told me that he had recently

arrived in Moscow to serve as third secretary in the embassy’s political section. We spoke

for about five minutes and swapped contact information.

The next day I sent Fogle a “nice to have met you, let’s keep in touch” e-mail, the same e-mail

I try to write to everyone I meet for the first time. He replied with a similarly polite message.

About a month later a Russian friend from church called me with an urgent problem. A teenage

relative had been camping out at his apartment for two weeks, unsure whether the U.S. embassy

had approved his visa application to study at an Adventist university. The teen had received a full

scholarship, and had traveled to Moscow from his hometown in southern Russia for the required

interview at the U.S. embassy. But now the school year was about to begin, and he had no idea

whether or not he would be allowed to travel to the U.S.

“Should he call the embassy and ask, or would that ruin his chances?” my friend asked. “The

embassy says very clearly, ‘Don’t contact us; we’ll contact you.’

“We’ve been praying for the past two weeks,” he continued, “but there hasn’t been any news.

Do you know someone at the embassy who could help?”

For me, the request amounted to a “mission impossible.” I was powerless and saw no way out.

Then I remembered Ryan Fogle. He didn’t work in the consular section, which handles visas, but

perhaps he could offer some advice.

With a prayer, I sent an e-mail to Fogle, explaining the situation.

He promptly wrote back. “I’ll ask,” he said.

I prayed for God’s will to be done. This teen had put everything on the line to pursue his studies. He was

leaving home, family, friends, and everything else dear because he wanted an Adventist education. He had

pledged to use his newfound knowledge to serve God.

But what were God’s plans?

Just hours later I received a phone call from my church friend.

“You won’t believe what happened!” he exclaimed. “The U.S. embassy just called to say the visa has been

approved and will be delivered by courier tomorrow.”

I never heard from Ryan Fogle again. But one thing I know: God can use anyone to fulfill His purposes.

When Sarah laughed at the news that she would give birth to a son, Isaac, in her old age, the Lord asked,

“Is anything too hard for the Lord?” (Gen. 18:14).

When an angel announced that Elizabeth would give birth to John the Baptist in her old age, he explained

to his surprised listener, “For no word from God will ever fail” (Luke 1:37).

When the mouths of Jesus’ disciples dropped open at the news that it would be easier for a camel to

squeeze through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God, Jesus assured them

that even rich people could be saved: “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible”

(Matt. 19:26).

God is all-powerful. He can work with absolutely anyone: a barren woman, a rich man, and an alleged CIA spy. n

Andrew

McChesney

ANDREW MCCHESNEY IS A JOURNALIST LIVING IN RUSSIA.

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (589) 29


Reflections

What’s on Your Headstone?

THE APRIL 19, 2013, PASSING OF AL NEUHARTH, JOURNALIST, PUBLISHING

executive, and founder of USA Today, the first truly successful general-interest American national daily

newspaper, brought back memories of an interview I’d had with him about 30 years earlier.

Sitting in his suite/apartment at New York’s Waldorf Astoria Hotel, Mr. Neuharth, attired, I’m sure, in shirt

and tie, sat at a desk behind which was a table with an old, manual-style typewriter, which he used to write his

weekly column for the newspaper. USA Today might have been born at the start of the computer revolution, but

its founder was old school, probably up until his passing at age 89.

What strikes me now, however, is not Mr. Neuharth’s eye for detail—he chose the glass-front vending boxes

for the new newspaper, and made them resemble TV sets—or his positive attitude. The fledgling publication

was going to “make it,” he said, and, indeed, for many years it was a profitable and important part of American

journalism.

Instead, it was a photo in the Aberdeen News, the South Dakota daily newspaper closest to Eureka, the

1,200-person town in which Mr. Neuharth was born—and known as “Allen” until he shortened his first

name—and is to be buried. The photo, by reporter Calvin Men, shows the tombstone Mr. Neuharth had

engraved and installed in the family plot at the Eureka Cemetery. On the reverse

is inscribed “ALLEN NEUHARTH, FOUNDER” and bears the logos—the symbols—of

the institutions he founded, not all of which were great successes.

First was SoDak Sports, a weekly newspaper offering exhaustive coverage of

sports news in, well, South Dakota. It went out of business two years after its

founding, which is why beneath that image is inscribed “1952 (Failed 1954).”

There are logos and launch dates for Florida Today, a daily newspaper, the aforementioned

USA Today, and two charitable endeavors: the Freedom Forum, a foundation

that supports First Amendment issues and the Newseum, a Washington,

D.C., museum of the news business.

Mr. Men’s photo got a fair amount of attention in journalistic circles, and perhaps

a bit of cynicism from the hard-boiled reporters and editors who thought

that was all Mr. Neuharth intended as his memorial. But a closer reading of the

newspaper photo’s caption shows this was what was on the rear of the tombstone,

not the front, on which, I’d imagine, are the more traditional notations of

dates of birth, death, and perhaps his wife’s name.

Still, it’s clear what Al Neuharth believed were his important accomplishments: starting newspapers and

media organizations. Fair enough, I suppose, and, not having spoken about spiritual matters, I can’t say where

his heart was, or wasn’t.

The headstone photo, however, got me thinking: what would I want to have engraved on my headstone? (I’m

hoping for translation, but “no one knows when their hour will come,” as we read in Ecclesiastes 9:12.)

I’m a stamp collector, and I enjoy my hobby, but, no, that’s not granite-worthy, I think. Neither is my fondness

for animals, having been privileged to provide a home for one dog and several cats over the years. A

husband? Yes, that should be noted, and I’m grateful for the privilege of being married to Jean, whom I love.

But many people have collected things, or had animal companions, or even been married. Lots of us have

had what we considered significant careers, but do not feel compelled to take the corporate symbol of our

employers literally to the grave with us.

I’d rather have a simple cross—to show my dedication to Jesus and His church—and perhaps a reference to

Jeremiah 29:11 carved in stone, a reminder, perhaps, that God saved a sinner (me), and has a future and a hope

promised for those who trust Him. n

CALVIN MEN/ABERDEEN NEWS

MARK A. KELLNER SERVES AS NEWS EDITOR FOR ADVENTIST REVIEW AND ADVENTIST WORLD MAGAZINES.

www.AdventistReview.org | June 27, 2013 | (591) 31

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