T h e S T i f T u n g h A u S S C h M i n K e - Hess AG


T h e S T i f T u n g h A u S S C h M i n K e - Hess AG

T h e S T i f T u n g h A u S S C h M i n K e

T h e S T i f T u n g h A u S S C h M i n K e

Basement ground floor upper floor

„The house built by factory owner Schminke from Loebau, Saxony, remained my favorite one.“ hans Scharoun

The Modernity –

still inspiring: now and in the future

There is an outstanding example of a benchmark of architecture

in Loebau, Saxony: it’s the haus Schminke. it was

built in the beginning of the nineteen-thirties for the family

and factory owners Schminke by the architect hans

Scharoun and it is still one of the most important residential

This brochure was kindly supported by the hess group.

P r o L o g u e

buildings of the 20th century. The Stiftung haus Schminke,

a charitable foundation, has made it their mission to

preserve this outstanding architectural monument as a

testimony of the “new Building” for future generations.

Dear friends of the Haus Schminke,

The formation of the Stiftung haus Schminke, a charitable foundation, was an important decision to all of us of the grosse

Kreisstadt (greater District Town) of Loebau and we are sure it is the right way to preserve the “favorite house” by the

architect and professor hans Scharoun as a heritage for future generations.

A charitable foundation is one option to permanently ensure financing and operation of a cultural condition. Thus, it is

possible to maintain what is important to many people: The haus Schminke is precious and close to the hearts of many

citizens. The Stiftung haus Schminke has been capable of holding rights since May 2009 and will concentrate its attention

to this architectural monument which is famous all over the world. Activities are also a contribution to the so-called

“Cultural route” running from Dresden to upper Lusatia, which makes our region even more attractive to visitors.

At this point, i would like to thank the hess Ag for special engagement and i would like to point out that such initiative

would not be possible without and is based on their entrepreneurial success. The hess Ag as a founder contributes to

the monument becomes well known far beyond the region: Who could better do than a business which acts world-wide


external donation will be necessary for the charitable foundation in order to fulfill its manifold challenges. So, i would like

to cordially invite you to support the Stiftung haus Schminke.

Dietmar Buchholz

Lord Mayor of the City of Loebau

g r e e T

i n g S

Dear Sirs,

The city of Loebau has an architectural gem of international importance, the haus Schminke. This entails a special

commitment and steady challenge of preserving this monument, which exceed the scope of public authorities. i think, it

is not just about financial dimensions but also to ensure by ideational engagement the monument permanently earns its

importance and due appointment among architects world-wide.

As an enterprise resident and associated to Loebau and to the free State of Saxony, we feel responsible to contribute the

haus Schminke is maintained. We are also enthused by the clear, minimalist design vocabulary and the exemplary way the

house was complemented into its natural environment. As we are a producer of lamps and street lanterns, architecture has

always been our guideline and inspiration. further generations will be reemployed by the haus Schminke as a milestone

of modern architecture.

The city of Loebau and the hess Ag, as the founders, laid the cadre and it will now be important to put the charitable

foundation on a firm footing and financially wide base. Therefore, we need external donation from enterprises, public and

private institutions and citizens.

hoping you will assist us.

Christoph Hess

Ceo of hess Ag

The haus Schminke, built in the nineteen-thirties, is one of

four outstanding examples of the styles “new Architecture”

and “international style” (architecture). its importance

ranks among e. g. haus Tugendhat by Mies van der rohe

which is in Brno, Czech, Villa Savoye in Poissy near Paris

by Le Corbusier and the haus Kaufmann “fallingwater” in

Mill run, Pennsylvania, by frank Lloyd Wright. All these

houses were customized to meet their owners’ needs as

well as the need to complement the natural environments

by impressive solutions. As early as 26 years after

completion, the haus Schminke was considered to be of

a revolutionary style and recorded as a historical memorial

of the Modernity, thus finally listed under monument

conservation law in 1978.

hans Scharoun designed the house for the noodle

manufacturer fritz Schminke from Loebau in 1930. The

owner wanted “… a modern house for two parents,

four children and one or two occasional guests…” The

realization is both, fancy and functional. The curved

corpus with its terraces, external staircase and numerous

H a u s s c H m i n k e

porthole-shaped windows provide the impression of a

ship image. rooms merge flowingly; generous grasslands

involve the garden as an extension of living space as

well. Beside span and lucency, manifold design elements

form the spatial experience. Developed especially for the

house, their colors and shapes set outstanding courses. in

contrast, utility rooms – including a frankfurt kitchen – and

the sleeping area remain sparse by intention and include

easy to clean surfaces and space-saving built-in closets.

herta hammerbacher designed the garden as a dynamic

connection between architecture and landscape. Basic

design and materials of structural elements were continued

into the garden in order to generate a composition of

both organic and inorganic. This design approach was

a very typical one by the landscape architect herta

hammerbacher, who had previously worked with the Karl

foerster and hermann Mattern “Arbeitsgemeinschaft

gartengestaltung” (a landscape gardening consortium) for

more than two decades.

A V i V i D e V i D e n C e o f T h e M o D e r n i T Y

A changeful history

The Schminke family lived in the house for only 12 years.

in 1945, the russian red Army confiscated the house.

The expropriation by the former gDr state followed in

1952. it was used as a “haus der Pioniere” (“house for the

Pioneers”, the former official communistic organization for

children) until 1989 and as a holiday center after german

reunification. The three daughters of Charlotte and fritz

Schminke, gertraude Bleks, erika inderbiethen and helga

Zumpe, generously abstained from restitution of their

parents’ house in 1993 subject to future further public use

which paved the way for making the house accessible as

an architectural monument.

Decades of third-party use left deep traces to the house.

reconstruction works, supported by the city of Loebau

and the Wuestenrot foundation, brought several details to

light that had been lost. Among others, there were some

old photographs of the house’s construction. So, one

could identify some of the original interior design as e. g.

a sofa where all the four kids strung together could have

their siesta. Several lamps and the original fireplace were

found when the garden pond was reconstructed. Thanks

to Charlotte’s and fritz’ Schminke’s daughters, more and

more original objects returned to their places of origin as

e. g. the sofa in the bedroom, mother’s marital bed, a

scribe and some private books.

Since its reopening in 2001, the haus Schminke has

been open for tours and has attracted visitors interested

in history and architecture. it is also possible to book

the house for seminars, concerts or evening readings.

A special experience of staying overnight is offered to

smaller groups.

To secure the future

The Stiftung haus Schminke took sponsorship for the

architectural monument in May 2009. from now on, the

focus is fully on maintenance and needs of the haus

Schminke, as e. g. exploration and reconstruction of original

conditions as well as enhancement of conceptions of using

the house. The goal is to meet concerns of its importance

in an optimal way from architectural, cultural and historical

points of view. The foundation has own responsibility

regarding assignment of funds which provides purposive

action while considering current needs.

You, as a sponsor, will contribute to the haus Schminke

will remain as an object of cultural value for the current and

following generations. A one-time sponsorship will help to

ensure the future existence of the haus Schminke as one of

the architectural most important buildings of the region.

h A n S S C h A r o u n – o n e o f T h e g r e A T e S T

hans Scharoun is to be mentioned among the most

important representatives of the so-called organische

Architektur (organic Architecture), a movement within the

classical modernist art. he always sought the functional

correlation between a building and its territory. The idea

behind this was to develop a building design from its

implicated function in an “organic” way.

Scharoun was born in Bremen in 1893 and grew up in

Bremerhaven. So, seaport impressions contributed to his

personal style. They are reflected in many of his buildings:

Porthole-shaped windows, steel steps and rails, railingshaped

balustrades and balconies are typical elements

also to be found with the haus Schminke.

hans Scharoun studied architecture and building trade

at the Tu Berlin-Charlottenburg (Technical university)

from 1912 to 1914. After this, he worked with the office

of his mentor Paul Kruchen in insterburg until he became

appointed a professor to the “Staatliche Akademie fuer

Kunst und Kunstgewerbe” (Public Academy for Arts and

Crafts) Breslau (Wroclaw) in 1925. The one-family dwelling

in Stuttgart Weissenhofsiedlung (Weissenhof estate, also

Weissenhof Settlement), built in 1927, and the residential

home for the Breslau Werkbundausstellung, built in 1929,

as well as the large housing estate Siemensstadt, Berlin,

planned from 1929 to 1931, were trend-setting and

expressed an example of his way of executing socially

acceptable house buildings.

When the nazis came into power, modernist architecture

and arts came to an end. Most leading architects of

“neues Bauen” (new Building) emigrated. Scharoun stayed

but he was excluded from public contracts. he found a

market niche in developing dwelling houses: Where facing

a road, they “camouflaged” in their formal vocabulary of

architecture. Scharoun fixed his architectural ideas in

numerous water-colors continued to prepare himself for

the time after the nazis’ governance.

The Soviets’ Military Administration appointed Scharoun

to a Planning Director and head of the Construction and

housing Department of the Municipality of gross-Berlin

(greater Berlin). he presented his conception on how to

reconstruct Berlin at an exhibition which took place in

the White hall of the Berlin City Palace. Scharoun himself

called his intention a “Kollektivplan” (collective plan). The

plan was not just to rebuild but to basically reorganize

the urban space. finally, competitive conceptions were

executed, due to limited financial and technical resources,

as well as the beginning of the splitting of the town. All of

the conceptions were influenced by Scharoun’s drafts.

M A S T e r - B u i L D e r S o f T h e 2 0 T h C e n T u r Y

Scharoun was appointed a full professor at the Technical

university of Berlin in 1947. he taught there until 1958.

from 1947 to 1950, he also was a Director of the institute

for Civil engineering with the Deutsche Akademie der

Wissenschaften (german Academy of Sciences) in

hannoversche Strasse, east-Berlin, where he developed

the attic. in 1973/1974, the building became the office of the

“Staendige Vertretung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland bei

der DDr” (West german representation in east germany).

Today, it is the Berlin office of the federal Ministry of

research and education. The crowning achievement of

his works after World War ii was the Berliner Philharmonie.

it is calculated according to its utilization thus, a paradigm

for organic Architecture. Scharoun’s intention was “… to

give adequate forming to a place of playing music and

commonly experiencing it”. herrmann Mattern, who had

been introduced to Scharoun by his wife and garden

designer herta hammerbacher, designed the outside

facilities of the Berliner Philharmonie.

E X P E R I E N C E S C H A R O U N ’ S F A V O R I T E B U I L D I N G

Thousands of visitors from all over the world come to

Loebau each year in order to view the haus Schminke.

not just for architects: More and more cultural tourists

are increasingly interested in a guided tour and enjoy it

very much. A guest-night at the haus Schminke is a very

special and unforgettable experience.

Guided Tours

A guided Live Tour in german is possible at any time during

opening hours. We kindly ask you to advise us prior to any

group tours. You may also enjoy an Audio-guided house

Tour in german or english.


Are you an architect, an architectural student or just

interested in modern architecture? Do you just want to

experience the haus Schminke quality of life? Then, just

seize the opportunity and stay overnight.

There is also opportunity, especially offered to larger

college and university study groups, to have a guest night

at the haus Schminke.


The house is an ideal place to discuss about architecture,

urban layout or history of the arts. it also provides a unique

framework for a concert, evening reading or to hold a

reception. We will have pleasure in providing advice and

arranging the event at your option.

Opening hours

every day except Mondays: March to october 10 a.m. -

5 p.m., november to february 1 p.m. - 5 p.m.

Please, check opening hours with again prior to your

arrival, as we occasionally close for several special events.

for contact, registration, directions and entrance fees

please, see our website: www.stiftung-hausschminke.eu.

W e L L W o r T h S e e i n g

A visit to the haus Schminke can be completed to a unique

culture tour. A popular starting point is Dresden, capital

of the free State of Saxony, with its international airport.

The “City of Culture and Arts” is considered as one of

europe’s most beautiful cities. Visitors are impressed by

inimitable baroque and renaissance style buildings as e. g.

Dresdener Zwinger Palace, the Dresden residence Castle,

the Semper opera house and the Dresden frauenkirche

(Church of our Lady). raffael’s bold two putti of the Sistine

Madonna of Dresden’s Art Collections’ are advertised

throughout the world.

A cultural route from Dresden to Upper Lusatia

following the route, visitors arrive Bautzen, a city that

is more than 1000 years old is also called “The heart of

upper Lusatia”. Bautzen is one of the cultural centers of

the Wends and mainly known for its old Town with more

than 13 towers, many churches, ortenburg Castle as well

as the many, many alleyways have retained Bautzen’s

medieval character to date.

Traveling further eastwards, you’ll arrive Loebau which

is in 85 km distance from Dresden. Apart from the

haus Schminke, the historic center, which has been

reconstructed affectionately, and the cast-iron tower on

the local landmark mountain, unique throughout europe,

both are worth a visit, too.

in Zittau, 30 km from Loebau, the cultural route leads

you to 52 sights, representing the once richest city of the

“oberlausitzer Staedtebund” (Six Cities’ Alliance of upper


By the river neisse, the german-Polish national border,

there is the european City goerlitz/Zgorzelec with its

almost 4,000 monuments from 500 years of european

building history which ranges from gothic, renaissance, to

Wilhelminian Style and Art nouveau Style. The city became

an uneSCo World heritage Site because of the unique

character of its interrelated townscape.

on both sides of the river neisse, the Muskauer Park

dispreads on more than 830 hectares throughout the

landscape of Lusatia. This park was designed by hermann

fuerst von Pueckler-Muskau in 1815. it is a worldwide

unequalled masterwork of landscape design and has been

an uneSCo World heritage Site since 2004.

W e L L W o r T h S e e i n g

The Path of “Die Moderne” (Modernity)

A visit to the Bauhaus with attached masters’ buildings

by Walter gropius in Dessau (distances: 130 km to Berlin,

250 km to Loebau) is a must for an enthusiast of the

Modernity. Today, the “Bauhaus Dessau is a vivid place for

experimental designing, research and teaching again.

from Loebau, it is just a few minutes by car to visit the

Wachsmannhaus in niesky, which is one of the most

important architectural evidence of the Moderne. it was built

as a Director’s apartment house by the Architect Konrad

Wachsmann in 1927. Konrad Wachsmann is considered

worldwide as the pioneer of industrial building.

if you go to Brno (Bruenn), Czech republic, there is the

house Tugendhat waiting for you, a masterpiece of classic

modern architecture and the most important building by

Ludwig Mies van der rohe in europe. When built in the

1920s, the Moravian metropolis had already become a

center of the avant-garde of architects.

Search for traces of Hans Scharoun

There is no better city of being aware hans Scharoun’s

producing than Berlin. Siemensstadt, which he designed,

has become a symbol of modern domestic construction

of the Weimar republic period. The Berliner Philharmonie,

opened up in 1963, is considered as the most important

work by hans Scharoun and as an example of an “organic


Traveling from Berlin via Loebau, the Polish Breslau

(Wroclaw), 200 km from Loebau is worth a visit. it s also

called the “Polish Venice”, because of its numerous bridges

and footbridges. Apart from other buildings characterizing

the architecture of the new Building, the home for single

persons by Scharoun is well worth seeing.

for further information please visit:


hess gratuliert the zur hess gründung grOuP der cOngratulates stiftung haus schminkeOn

estaBlishment Of the charitaBle

fOundatiOn haus schminke


feASiBiLiTieS hoW To SuPPorT The founDATion

if you want to become an external donator, you can

announce this just by using the attached Signing Cer-

tificate form. Please, fill in this form completely, sign and

send original signature to:

Stiftung Haus Schminke

Kirschallee 1b

D-02708 Löbau


Correspondent Bank of the

Stiftung Haus Schminke

Sparkasse oberlausitz-niederschlesien

Account holder: Stiftung haus Schminke

Account number: 3000125700

national Bank Code: 850 501 00

iBAn: De82 8505 0100 3100 0332 71

BiC: WeLADeD1grL

note to payee: Stiftung haus Schminke

We will contact you upon receipt of the Signing Certificate

form. if you have any questions, we will have pleasure in

being at your disposal for one-to-one interviews. Just call

or send us an email.

Stiftung Haus Schminke

Katrin Schenk, Leiterin (Manageress) haus Schminke

Phone: +49 (0) 35 85 / 86 21 33

fax: +49 (0) 35 85 / 83 30 10

email: info@stiftung-hausschminke.eu


Initial benefactors

Stadt Löbau

Altmarkt 1

02708 Löbau


hess Ag

Lantwattenstraße 22

78050 Villingen-Schwenningen



Published by: Stiftung haus Schminke,

Kirschallee 1 b, 02708 Loebau

Conceptual design created by:

CC Communications gmbh, Stuttgart

Photographs: inspirations ganter, niedereschach

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