be a Chief Executive?

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The Executive Branch

What are the requirements to

be a Chief Executive?

• Founding Fathers

modeled their perfect

Executive after George

Washington (Article II)

– Why George?

• Qualifications:

– Must be 35+ years old

– A natural born citizen

– Must live in the US for last

14 years


Washington riding to his inauguration as the United States first president. He did not

originally want the job, but a unanimous election forced him to take it.


Washingtons Inauguration in New York City was the first to see an Oath of Office, one

of the stipulations in Article II of the Constitution


Presidential Facts

Youngest President

Teddy Roosevelt (42 years old)

Oldest President

Ronald Reagan (69 years old)


What are the terms of the

office?

• Under Article II of the

Constitution:

– Serves a 4 year term

• 22nd Amendment:

– Limited to 2 consecutive

terms -OR- no more than

10 years


What are the benefits of the

office?

• Benefits:

– $400,000 per year salary

– $50,000 expense account

– $100,000 for travel

– White House (132 rooms)

– Camp David Retreat

– Medical / Dental Care

– Secret Service protection

– Pension

– Transportation


What is the job of the President of the

United States?

Executive power shall be vested in a President of the

United States…

– Article II

• What does that mean?

– Commander in Chief

– Appoint officials (with Senates consent)

– Grant pardons

– Make treaties / receive ambassadors (with Senates consent)

– Execute / enforce laws

– Call special sessions of Congress


Chief

Citizen

Chief of

State

Chief

Executive

Chief of

Party

Chief

Administrator

Chief

Legislator

Commander

In Chief

Chief

Diplomat


What is the Chief of State?

• The President is the

ceremonial head of

government

– The figurehead of the

country

• The President is

(figuratively) the

embodiment of the

US government


What is the Chief Executive?

• The President runs

the Executive Branch

– All officials in this

branch report to him /

her

• Specifically stipulated

in the Constitution


What is the Chief Administrator?

• The President is the

main director of the

Federal government

– Keeping order

– Directing officials

– Appointing / firing


What is the Chief Diplomat?

• The President is the

main creator of

Americas foreign

policy

– Spokesperson for the

country

• President must

represent the US both

at home & around the

world


What is the Commander in Chief?

• The President is the

commander of

Americas military

forces

– Directs strategy

– Appoints generals

– Gives final approval

• The Founding Fathers

wanted civilian control

over the military


What is the Chief of Party?

• The President is the

acknowledged leader of

his / her political party

– Directs party leadership

– Directs party members

• This is not in the

Constitution

– Necessary for the

political process


What is the Chief Citizen?

• The President should

represent the wishes

of the American

people

– One of them

• Must work for /

respect the public

interest


What happens if the President cannot

perform these duties?

• If the President for any

reason cannot meet

these requirements

– The Vice-President

• 25th Amendment

– Vice-President takes

over

– If there is no Vice-

President, President

appoints one


Presidential Line of Succession

• President

• Vice-President

• Speaker of the House

• President Pro Tempore

(Senate)

• Secretary of State

• Secretary of Treasury

• Secretary of Defense

• Attorney General

• Secretary of the Interior

• Secretary of Agriculture

• Secretary of Commerce

• Secretary of Labor

• Secretary of Health / Human

Services

• Secretary of Housing / Urban

Development

• Secretary of Transportation

• Secretary of Energy

• Secretary of Education

• Secretary of Veterans Affairs

• Secretary of Homeland

Security

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