The Armenian Genocide

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The Armenian Genocide

The Armenian Genocide

What was the Armenian Genocide?

Why is this massacred consider the

world’s first modern genocide?


What was the Armenian Genocide?

The Armenian Genocide was

the systematic killing of the

Armenian people by the

Ottoman Empire during

World War I

Also known as:

The Armenian Holocaust

The Armenian Massacre

Widely considered to be the

first modern genocide in

World History

1915 -­‐ 1923


What was the Ottoman Empire like

prior to the genocide?

Prior to late 1800’s, Muslim

Ottoman rulers where very tolerant

of religious minorities

Christians

Jews

The Armenians

Christian-­‐based ethnic group from

central Asia

Minorities where granted limited

individual rights under Ottoman

Law

Freedom of religion


What changed in the Ottoman Empire that

destroyed these freedoms?

1877-­‐1878: The Russo-­‐Turkish

War

The Ottomans are defeated by

Russia

Suspicions of the Armenians

1878: The Treaty of Berlin

Ended the war

Required Ottomans to reform

their treatment of “Christians”

Suspicions Armenians wanted

independence / own country


Two Armed Camps!

Allied Powers:

Central Powers:


The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915


How did the genocide start & who orders it to

1914: Ottoman Empire enters

World War I on the side of

the Central Powers

begin?

Suffered several

embarrassing defeats at the

hands of the Allies

Suspected the Armenians

Discussions held to decide

the “Armenian question”

Ottoman sultan

War ministers


The Turkish Hitler -­‐ Talah Pasha

The Ottoman Empire’s

Interior Minister who helped

to coordinate the “removal”

of the Armenians from

Turkey


How did the genocide work?

Very similar to the German

extermination of Jews in the

1930’s & 1940’s:

Removal from all military

posts

Mass arrests of Armenian

leaders

Forced deportation to

deserted areas

Systematic executions

Ottoman war ministers

proposed “resettlement

camps”

Iraq


Execution of Armenian leaders by Ottoman

soldiers


Heads of Armenians rebels collected by the

Ottomans


Armenians waiting for deportation


Armenian Concentration Camps in Iraq


Survivors of the Concentration Camps


How was the genocide discovered & did

anyone try to stop it?

Many Ottoman, Allied, and

Central Power leaders knew

about the genocide

Sultan received regular

reports

Germany and Austria-­‐

Hungary did not protest the

genocide

The United States and

Britain had regular reports

Prominent Americans spoke

out against the genocide


How is the Armenian Genocide

remembered today?

Several countries, including

the US, have formally

recognized the Armenian

Genocide

Relief efforts

Money for survivors

Turkey refuses to recognize

that a genocide took place

Boycotts memorials

Refused ambassadors


The Armenian Genocide Memorial in Armenia


Current Efforts at Forgiveness: “Soccer Diplomacy”


Activists for the Armenian Cause

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