Water Banking in the Western United States

if.uidaho.edu
  • No tags were found...

Water Banking in the Western United States

Water Banking in the Western United States

An ongoing research project by

Jennifer Griger

grig2027@uidaho.edu


Introduction

• Define water banking in the western states

• Does not apply to just a single state, can involve multiple state

agreements.

Banking structures


States involved in report


Arizona

Arizona Water

Bank

source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Pricing:

Price Range:

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Environmental Objectives:

Western, central and southern

Arizona

Colorado River

1996

1997

Long term underground storage of

surface water.

Non market.

Excess CAP water is stored, then

returned to CAP users in drier

times.

High

None, AWB buys water at

administrative price set by CAP.

($/AF/YR): $21 – 53

Underground storage contracts

overseen by state permit process

AWBA and CAWCD

None. Primary objective is to

store Arizona’s allocated water for

later use.


California

Photo: www.spillwaynews.net

• Colorado River compact

• Environmental needs

• Different concepts of water banking


California

California Drought

Water Bank

source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Pricing:

Price Range:

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Environmental Objectives:

Statewide

Statewide

1991

1991, 1992, 1994

One-year leasing program during

drought conditions to reallocate water.

Clearinghouse, which pools water and

allocates supplies in the state.

Supply – Northern Ca. users.

Demand – ag. . Contractors south of the

Delta.

High

Fixed, administrative

($/AF/YR): $68 – 175

Processed through State Water

Resources Control Board

Ca. Dept. of Water Res.

Ensure min. stream flows through Delta.


California

Other water banks of note:

• Semitropic Improvement District

- Ground water storage and water delivery for agricultural use.

• Kern County Water Agency

- Ground water storage and provide hydroelectric energy.

• CalFed

- Delta program designed for improving water management and

restoring ecological health of the area.

• California Dry Year Purchasing Program

- Irrigation demands in the Central Valley.

• Orange County Water District

- Takes highly treated sewer water and introduces it back into the

ground water aquifer.

• Metropolitan Water District

- Services most of L.A. basin


Map: www.mwd.org

Metropolitan Water District service area


Upper and lower

Colorado

River

Basin

Source:

www.globalchange.umich.edu


Colorado

Photos: www.secwcd.com

• Arkansas River Basin Water Bank

• Southeastern Colorado Water Conservancy District


Colorado

Arkansas River Basin

Water Bank

Source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Pricing:

Price Range ($/AF/YR):

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Environmental Objectives:

Arkansas River Basin, Pueblo

Arkansas River

2001

2003

One-year leasing program for

stored water rights

Clearinghouse facilitating

trades between buyers and

sellers through an online

bulletin board.

Short term transfers from

agricultural community to

urban areas.

None

Market based, negotiated

between buyer and seller.

No completed transactions,

as the prices ($500-1000)

appear to be high.

CO. Division Engineer’s

Office

SECWCD

None


Arkansas River – Pueblo area, Colorado


Idaho

• Idaho State Water Supply Bank

• Mud Lake

• Other water banks of note

Photo: idahosummits.com


Idaho

Idaho State Water

Supply Bank

Source: ecy.wa.gov

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Pricing:

Price Range:

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Environmental Objective:

Statewide

Statewide

1979

1995

Institutional water bank which

transfers natural flow water.

Clearinghouse which facilitates

trades between buyers and

sellers.

Supply – open

Demand – open

Moderate

Market based with negotiations

between buyer and seller.

($/AF/YR): $11 recommended

Pre-reviewed reviewed by state

IDWR

None


Mud Lake

• Reversal of sorts

• Ground water in, surface water out


Mud Lake map


Other water banking structures

Water Resource Board

- Rental pools

- Water supply bank

Shoshone-Bannock Tribal water bank

Mud Lake


Montana

• Currently there are no water banking activities in Montana.


Nevada

• Interstate Water Bank

• Truckee Meadows Groundwater Bank

• Southern Nevada Water Authority

Photos: www.snwa.com


Nevada

Truckee Meadows

Groundwater Bank

Source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Pricing:

Price Range:

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Activity:

Environmental Objective:

Washoe County

Truckee

2000

2000

Long-term groundwater

banking activity.

Non-market withdrawal

accounting system for one

user.

Supply: Groundwater in

Truckee Meadows Basin

Demand: Truckee Meadows

Water Authority.

No pricing structure, acct’ing

system used to record activity

of one entity

Not applicable.

Reviewed by state.

Truckee Meadows Water

Authority

Limited

None


Other water banks of note:

• Interstate Water Bank

- Located in southern Nevada

- Primary objective is to store Colorado River water that is

allocated to Arizona, but not used in one year, for use in

a drier year.


Pecos River Basin

and alluvial aquifer

Source: capp.water.usgs.gov


New Mexico

Pecos River Basin

Water Bank

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Below Sumner Res. to the Texas

state line

Lower Pecos River

2002

Not to date.

Institutional transfers facilitated

through a deposit contract and a

transaction contract for temporary

transfers.

Clearinghouse for bilateral trades.

Supply: Open

Demand: Interstate Stream

Commission

None

Pricing:

Market-

based through bid process.

Source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Price Range:

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Environmental Objective:

None to date.

Reviewed by state at time of

withdrawal.

Interstate Stream Commission

Yes, augment flows to protect the

habitat of the Blunt nosed shiner.


Other water banks of note:

• Pecos River Water Lease/Purchase Program

- Has an environmental objective to meet a flow compact

with Texas.

• ESA Mitigation on the Pecos River

- Has an environmental objective to augment flows in order

to protect the habitat of the Blunt nose shiner, a federally

protected species.


Deschutes River

Map: www.riverdrifters.net


Oregon

Deschutes Water Exchange

Groundwater Mitigation

Bank

Source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Pricing:

Price Range ($/AF/YR):

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Environmental Objective:

Deschutes County

Deschutes

2003

2003

Groundwater mitigation and

institutional through

mitigation credits.

Auction

Supply: DWE Lease Bank

Demand: Ground water

applicants

Limited

Market based

$65/AF of consumptive use

credit

OWRD

Deschutes Water Exchange

(DWE), Deschutes

Resources Conservancy

Yes, encourage

conservation and reduce

groundwater depletion.


Other water banks of note:

• Deschutes Water Exchange – annual water leasing program

- Has an environmental objective to augment stream flow in

the upper Deschutes Basin.

• Walla Walla Lease Bank

- Has an environmental objective to augment flow in the Walla

Walla Basin.

• USBR Klamath Basin Leasing Program

- Has an environmental objective to augment flow in the

Klamath Basin.

• Klamath Basin Rangeland Trust

- Has an environmental objective to augment flow in the upper

Klamath Basin.


Texas

• Edwards Aquifer Authority

Groundwater trust

• Other water banks of note

Photos: www.edwardsaquifer.org


Texas

Edwards Aquifer Authority

Groundwater Trust

Source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Pricing:

Price Range:

Regulatory Oversight:

Administrator:

Environmental Objective:

Central Texas, including

San Antonio

Edwards Aquifer

2001

2002

Groundwater banking and

institutional facilitation of

temporary and permanent

transfer of withdrawal

permits.

Clearinghouse to facilitate

bilateral trades.

Supply: Aquifer withdrawal

permits

Demand: same as above

None

Market based

No transactions to date

Reviewed by state

Edwards Aquifer Authority

Yes, encourage

conservation and reduce

groundwater depletion.


Other water banks of note:

• Texas Water Bank

- Environmental objective of encouraging water conservation.

• Texas Water Trust

- Environmental objective of having water rights specifically for

in stream use.


Utah

• Currently there are no water banking activities in Utah.


Washington

• Salmon Creek Water Lease Bank

• Other water banks of note

Photo: www.ita.org


Washington

Salmon Creek Water

Lease Bank

Location:

River Basin:

Year Established:

Year Active:

Bank Format:

Market Structure:

Participation:

Activity:

Pricing:

Price Range ($/AF/YR):

Regulatory Oversight:

Okanogan County, Wash.

Salmon Creek, tributary to the

Okanogan River

2000

2000-2002

2002

Annual lease bank

Standing offer price

Supply: Limited to Okanogan

Irrigation District members

Demand: Wa. . Water Trust

Moderate to high

Fixed price negotiated between

the WWT and the OID

$45-58

58

Wa. . Department of Ecology

Source: www.ecy.wa.gov

Administrator:

Environmental Objective:

WWT, Colville Nation, and the

Okanogan Irrigation District

Provide flows in Salmon Creek

for summer steel head and

spring Chinook.


Salmon Creek area

Source: www.ecy.gov


Other water banks of note:

• Yakima Basin Water Transfer Program

- 2001 water right transfers


Conclusion

• Recap different water bank structures

• Wide variety of entities that operate the water banks

• Effective management tool


Bibliography

Web sites:

Arizona: www.awba.com - Arizona Water Bank Authority

www.cap-az.com - Central Arizona Project

California: www.calwater.ca.gov - CalFed home page

www.mwd.com - Metropolitan Water District

www.ocwd.com - Orange County Water District

www.calfedewp.org - California Bay Delta Authority

Colorado: www.secwcd.com - Southeastern Colorado Water Conservation

District

Nevada: www.snwa.com - Southern Nevada Water Authority

www.tmh2o.com - Truckee Meadows Water Authority

New Mexico: www.oso.state.nm.us - Pecos River Basin Water Bank

Oregon: www.deschutesrc.org - Deschutes Resources Conservancy

Texas: www.edwardsaquifer.org - Edwards Aquifer Authority

Washington: www.ecy.wa.gov

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines