Laboratory

smcindustrydays.org

Col Michael Shepard - SMC Industry Days

Air Force

Research Laboratory | AFRL

Science and Technology for Tomorrow’s Air, Space and Cyber Force

Air Force Research

Laboratory

Col Mike Shepard

Chief, AFRL Space & Missile

Sector


AFRL People & Facilities

The Power to Innovate

• 10 Major R&D Sites across US

• Real Property Replacement

Value = $1.8B

• Equipment Property

Replacement Value = $1.7B

• 5343 Government Employees

• 3798 Onsite Contractors

Non-

S&E

42%

S&E

58%

2


Air Force

Research Laboratory

Chief Technology Officer

Dr. Thomas Cruse (CZ)

Requirements (XR)

Ms Christine Anderson

Commander (CC)

Maj Gen Ted Bowlds

Executive Director

(CA)

Mr. Les McFawn

Vice Commander (CV)

Col Scott Coale

Plans & Programs (XP)

Dr. Walter Jones

Air

Vehicles (VA)

Col John Wissler

Space

Vehicles (VS)

Col Bob Green

Information

(IF)

Dr. Don Hanson

Munitions

(MN)

Col Dan Morin

Directed

Energy (DE)

Ms Sue Thorton

Materials

& Manuf. (ML)

Dr. David Walker

Sensors

(SN)

Mr. Joe Sciabica

Propulsion

(PR)

Dr. Bill Borger

Human (HE)

Effectiveness

Dr. Henk Ruck

AFOSR

Dr. Brendan Godfrey

3


AFRL Major Sites

and Technology Areas

WRIGHT-PATTERSON

PROPULSION (PR)

PROPULSION (PR)

AIR VEHICLES (VA)

AIR VEHICLES (VA)

SENSORS (SN)

SENSORS (SN)

MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING (ML)

MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING (ML)

HUMAN EFFECTIVENESS (HE)

HUMAN EFFECTIVENESS (HE)

COLLABORATIVE C2 (IF)

COLLABORATIVE C2 (IF)

HQ

AFRL

ROME

INFORMATION (IF)

SURVEILLANCE (SN)

HANSCOM

BATTLE SPACE

ENVIRONMENTS (VS)

ELECTROMAGNETICS (SN)

EDWARDS

ROCKET PROPULSION

(PR)

MESA

WARFIGHTER TRAINING

RESEARCH (HE)

BALLSTON

AIR FORCE OFFICE

OF

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

(AFOSR)

KIRTLAND

DIRECTED ENERGY (DE)

SPACE VEHICLES (VS)

BROOKS

BIOEFFECTS, AEROSPACE

PHYSIOLOGY (HE)

EGLIN

MUNITIONS (MN)

TYNDALL

AIR BASE TECHNOLOGY (ML)

4


AF Budget Investment

By

Domain View

By

Budget Activity

Space

6.1

$250M

15%

Cyber

Air

6.3

$484M

29%

6.2

$921M

56%

TOTAL FY07: $1.655B

5


Back-to-Basics

Four-Staged Acquisition Approach

Operational

platforms

Increasing Allowable Risk

Prototypes/

Testing

Lab bench

Science &

Technology

(TRL 2-3)

Systems

Development

(TRL 6-8)

Technology

Development

(TRL 4-5)

Block 4

System

Production

(TRL 7-9)

Block 3

Block 2

Block 1

Block 4

Block 5

Block 3

Risk Apportionment Framework

Block 2

Block 6

Increasing Innovation

Block 5

Block 4

Block 3

Block 5

Block 6

Block 7

Bloc

I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e

6


AFRL Operating Tenets

• Outsource majority of research/tech development to

partner with industry and academia

• Perform focused in-house research to maintain core

expertise and be a smart outsourcer

• Balance near term transfer and far term research

• Collaborate/coordinate with others

– DoD: Army, Navy, DARPA, DTRA, MDA, NRO

– Other federal agencies: NASA, DOE, others

– Private sector

– International

Partnership has been a Key Element since AFRL’s Formation!

7


Today, Employing Capabilities

Joint Space Operations

Center (JSpOC)

Warfighter – Support to Current Ops

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021

2022

Rapidly deliver technical innovation, driven by

warfighter urgent needs – reshape today's battles

8


Success Stories

Scenario

Generation

Virtual Flight Test

Preflight

Prediction

1 2

Navwar

MOEs

4

Actual

MOPs

3

Postflight

Verification

Flight Demo

- GPS NAVWAR Support

- GPS/UHF Decision Aid

ATDs:

LWIR

ESPA

HSIS

XSS-10

DMSP-16 Sensor

Solid State Chip Set (ManTech)

Columbia Investigation

CEASE-II

XSS-11

Solar Mass Ejection Imager

Ground-based Radiation Belt Experiment

Li Battery and Rad Hard Processor

Miniature Satellite Threat Reporting System

9


Next Generation, Acquisition &

Sustainment

Program Managers – next generation, acquisition & sustainment

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

develop technology options that meet the needs of

capability developers – shape today’s Air Force

10


FY07 Air Force Product Center /

AFRL Hunter/Gatherer Process

AFRL POM

Planning

SBIR

IRAD

Facilitated by Tech Transition Agents KTR

•Senior leader engagement

•Joint AFRL/Product center process

•Funded acquisition program focus

•Multi-directorate AFRL engagement

•PEO/TEO approval

•SPO Primes participation

Meeting

this Friday

• FY07 ESC/AAC/SMC process

• ASC slightly different process

Strategy Driven Process feeds POM, SBIR, IR&D

11


New Technologies

solar

spectrum

Highly Operable TPS

High Efficiency Solar Cells

Large Format Focal Planes

Autonomous

Guidance & Control

Hydrocarbon Boost

Plug and Play Tech

12


Long Term View, Strategic Planning

SECAF, Chief – long view, strategic planning

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

develop technology options that meet the needs of

capability developers – shape tomorrow's Air Force

TACSAT

13


AFSPC/AFRL Partnership

• AFSPC provides S&T guidance to AFRL via the 2007

S&T Guidance Document

• Consolidated Technology Needs

– Identified by HQ AFSPC and Acquisition Wings

– Guides S&T investments for:

• Acquisitions

• The future technology base

• Capability gap reduction

• Critical infrastructure issues

14


AF SBIR / IR&D Program: What’s

New?

– More strategic topic generation process with closer ties to

acquisition community and prime contractors

• Executing Pilot Programs at AAC, SMC, ASC, ESC, JSF and F-22 in

FY06/07

• Aligning Tech Needs from funded acquisition programs to AFRL

POM, SBIR and IR&D Processes

AFRL POM

Gather Needs

Product Center

/ MAJCOMs

/ AFRL

AFRL Develops

Solution Options

Present

Solution

Options

Product Center

/ MAJCOMs

/ AFRL

PEO/TEO

Review

“Approve

Solutions”

SBIR

IR&D

IR&D / SBIR

Near Mid Far

Append to

Product Center

Industry Days

“MATCH.COM” for

SB & Prime/Supply Chain

First Event at SMC

- 20 April 07

15


AF IR&D Interchange Framework

Two-Year POM Cycle

Step 1 Step 2

Gov → Ind

AF Transmits

Tech Needs/Gaps

To Industry

Ind → Gov

Understanding

Industry IR&D

Step 3

Assess/Align

Investment Strategies

•AF POM

• Industry IR&D

Aligned with Major AF & Industry Events

16


Focused Long Term Challenges

17


18

FLTC Taxonomy

Problems

Approaches

Tech Challenges

Vision

Capabilities














FLTC

1

FLTC

8

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

Space

Space

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

Air

Air

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

Cyber

Cyber

ANTICIPATE

ANTICIPATE

ANYTHING, ANYTIME, ANYWHERE

ANYTHING, ANYTIME, ANYWHERE

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

Space

Space

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

Air

Air

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TARGET

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

TRACK

FIX

FIX

FIX

FIX

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

ENGAGE

FIND

FIND

FIND

FIND

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

ASSESS

Cyber

Cyber

ANTICIPATE

ANTICIPATE

ANYTHING, ANYTIME, ANYWHERE

ANYTHING, ANYTIME, ANYWHERE

AF

AF 2 T 2 EA

EA 4







Mid-Term

Attribute

1

Program

1

Product

1

Program

K

Product

L




Problem

Statement

1

Problem

Statement

N



Long-term

Attribute

Product

1

Product

J

Tech Base

Watch List

Discovery

Challenge

Thrusts




Mid-Term

Attribute

M

AFMC

Configuration

Managed

AFRL

Configuration

Controlled

AF

Approval

Pending


Space Technologies are Critical to a

Variety of FLTC's

2. Unprecedented Proactive Intelligence,

Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR)

5. Assured Operations in High

Threat Environments

Space

Technologies

7. On-demand Force Projection,

Anywhere

19


Space "Products" are Critical

to Many New Capabilities

AFRL FLTC

2. Unprecedented Proactive Intelligence,

Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR)

Space-related FLTC Product

Exquisite RF Imaging and Tracking – Vigilant Space

WFOV Space-based sensing

High resolution space based sensing

5. Assured Operations in High Threat

Environments

Spacecraft Threat Warning/Attack Characterization

Rad Hard Electronics for Space

Responsive Avionics (Responsiveness)

RLV Main Propulsion

7. On-demand Force Projection,

Anywhere

Reconfigurable Communications

Reconfigurable, Light-Weight Electro-Optical Systems

Miniature, High-Performance Signal/Fusion Processor

20


On-Line Access By Industry

Partners to FLTC Information

• Who can have access: Those with a “need to know”

– DoD, DoD Contractors, Federal Agencies and Federal Agency

Contractors

• Must obtain Software-PKI Certificate before gaining access

– DoD requires PKI Certificate to access Government network

– One certificate required for every person seeking access (tied to

person & person’s computer)

– Link to ECA vendor with info:

• http://iase.disa.mil/pki/eca

• AFRL Required Registration Requirements (Submit 4 Forms)

– DD Form 2875 (one per person seeking access)

– Copy of Company’s DD Form 2345 (Contractors Only)

– Justification Letter for access on company letterhead

– Visit Request on company letterhead

• Address Visit Request to AFRL/XPPA, 1864 4 th Street, Bldg 15,

Room 225, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7132

• POC: AFRL/XPPA

21


Summary

• AFRL Space S&T Performed by all Directorates with

key investments in VA, VS, PR, ML, SN and IF

• XSS-10, 11 provided good successes. AFRL working

technologies for SSA, Responsive Satellites and

Launch. Space Surveillance & ISR Technology also

key focus areas.

• AFSPC S&T Guidance structuring the Requirements

Pull and the FLTCs guiding the Technology Push

• Better Integrating IRAD & SBIR Programs with Tech

Requirements—Session on 20 Apr 07

22


Backup


Major Space Thrusts

Counterspace

Space Force Enhancement

• Navigation

• Space

Communications

• ISR

• Space Weather

• Missile Warning

Space Support

Access to Space

• Responsive

• Affordable

Rapid Activation

• Check-out

• Calibration

Space Force

Application

• ICBMs

•Global Strike

Command &

Control

24


Guidance Structure

SFA

AAOS

C2

SS

GSTT

SGIS

Nuclear Deterrence & Strike

Conventional Deterrence & Strike

Space Lift

Space Vehicle Operations

Near-Space Operations

Common Operating Picture

Communications

Multi-level Security

Space Superiority

Etc.

Etc.

Etc.

SECTION 1: Executive Level

• Strategic Priorities

• Planning Assumptions

• Guidance Vectors

• Must-Do List

• Summary Guidance

SECTION 2: Near to Mid Term

• Based on PEO/TEO analysis

• Defined requirements

• Established need dates

• Particular technology needs

SECTION 3: Mid to Far Term

• Based on SMP analysis

• Presented in terms of FLTC

• Capability level requirements

• Flexible need dates

• Open-ended technology

requirements

Structured to meet needs of diverse audiences

25


Focused Long Term Challenges

Delivering the Air Force S&T Vision Through

Leadership, Discovery, Innovation, and Integration.

1. Anticipatory Command,

Control & Intelligence (C2I)

2. Unprecedented Proactive

Intelligence, Surveillance &

Reconnaissance (ISR)

3. Dominant Difficult Surface

Target Engagement/Defeat

4. Persistent & Responsive

Precision Engagement

5. Assured Operations in High

Threat Environments

6. Dominant Offensive Cyber

Engagement

7. On-demand Force Projection,

Anywhere

8. Affordable Mission Generation

& Sustainment

Space

Air

Cyber

Integrated Capability

26


FLTC #2 Unprecedented Proactive Intelligence,

Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR)

Proactively Find, Fix, and Track Anything,

Anytime, Anywhere with Agile and Immediate ISR

Problem Statements

• Enable High Performance Networks for

Assured C2 and Sensing

• Deliver On-Demand Fused Multi-Source

ISR for Total Battlespace Awareness

• Assure Closed-Loop C2ISR Sensing

and Processing (anticipatory)

• Generate Wide-Area, Global Access,

Detection and Tracking

• Generate High-Volume, Super

Resolution Imagery of Anywhere,

Anytime

• Provide Comprehensive Space

Situational Awareness

27


FLTC #2: Unprecedented Proactive S&R

Problem Statement Forecast

Limited

- Limited Network, X Gbps LOS, X Gbps

Reachback, Secure

- X hours of endurance

- Multi-INT cross-cued

- On-board data fusion

- Track vehicles / air-sea-craft with human

assistance, 24/7

- Tipoffs of significant events anywhere

- X foot resolution imagery

- “Draft Quality” structure > X meter deep

- Automatically cross-cue, humans

- Find and Fix small space objects - GEO

- Non-eclipse neighborhood watch LEO/GEO

- Find difficult space objects – new EO

phenomenology

Moderate

- Semi-Adhoc network, 2X Gbps LOS, 4X Gbps

Reachback, Secure

- X+ hours endurance

- Multi-INT+ Cross-cued and fused

- Conformal structural apertures

- Automatically track vehicles / air-sea-craft

- Sufficient space / time accuracy for sensor

pointing

- X foot resolution imagery anywhere within X

minutes, 10X images per hour

- Automatically detect adversaries, ID vehicles

- “Architect Quality” structure > X meter deep

- Find and Fix small space objects - LEO

- Precision track of small objects – GEO

- Non-eclipse neighborhood watch at LEO and

GEO

Full

- Adhoc Network, 4X Gbps LOS, 10X Gbps

Reachback, Secure

- 2X hours endurance

- Long duration spatial/temporal multi-source

patterns (predictive)

- X inch resolution imagery X min, 10X/hr

- “Civil Engineer Quality” structure > X meter

deep

- Exploitation of various wideband radar pulses

- Molecular RF components

- Integrated, on-demand sensor capability for

wide FOV search

- Sensors with ultra-high dynamic range and

sensitivity

- Advanced phenomenology models of space

objects

Anticipate

Assess

model

Near Term (2010)

Position Sense

Mid Term (2015)

Far Term (2025)

28


FLTC 2.2.1: Survivable, High-altitude, Long Endurance,

Multi-INT Sensing for Battlespace Awareness

Future Operational Capability Vision

• Full spectrum battlefield awareness in a

medium threat environment

• Fused data delivered to battlefield and

theater commanders

• Ability to find and track hidden mobile

targets

• Space-like sensor data generated from a

platform OPCON to theater commander

Current Capability

Mid Term Experiment/Demo Capability (2013)

• X hours endurance

• Independent Sensor Suite

• Side Looking Coverage

• Raw data to mission control element (MCE)

• Conventional apertures

• Conventional, standard length wings

• Standoff asset

• X+ hours endurance

• Cross-Cued Sensor Suite

• Complete Coverage

• Fused data to user

• Conformal structural apertures

• Active, extended length wings

• Penetrating asset

29


FLTC 2.2.1.1: Efficient Aero/Structure for

HALE UAV

Far Term Vision

• Long Range Persistence

• Bridged Gap between

ISR and Strike

• Increased Area Coverage

• Increased Resolution

Technology Challenges

Mid Term Experiment/Demo (2008-2013)

• Extending Laminar Flow on Highly

Flexible, Swept Wings

• Deformation Compensation for Large

Structurally Integrated Arrays

• Body Flutter Suppression

• Drag Minimization

• Demonstration of an aerodynamic

efficient and aeroelastic stable wing

that supports multi-INT sensor

suites

30


2.2.1.1 Efficient Aero/Structure for HALE UAV

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

SCEAS 3

Persistent Multi-INT Air Platform 6

Adaptive Compliant Wing 5

6

7.5.1.4 Large Diameter Fan Inlet Integration

Notional Roadmap

Aero Efficiency Improvement

AEI Structural Mode Control

5

Efficient aero/structure

for HALE UAV

Control of Aerodynamic Flows 4

SCATE

SCORE

MDICE 4

Nonlinear AeroServoElastic Design and Analysis

Des Efficient Analysis Meth 3

4

6.1 Program

SBIR Program 6.1 / SBIR

6.2 Program6.2

6.3 Program 6.3

Integrated 6.3 Experiment/Demo

6.3 Integrated Demo

Leveraged Program

Other Funding

Funded Transition

Partial Funded

Unfunded

5

Technology Readiness Level

Transition Point (TAD)

Ultralightweight Multifunction Airframe 4

Products S1 Spiral

Lightweight UAV Airframe

6

$M X X X X 4X 5X 4X 2X

31


FLTC 2.2 Decomposition

Problem

2.2

Deliver On-

Demand

Fused

Multi-

Source ISR

for Total

Battlespace

Awareness

Mid-term Attribute

(2015)

2.2.1 - Survivable, Highaltitude,

Long Endurance,

Multi-INT Sensing for

Battlespace Awareness

Products

2.2.1.1 Efficient Aero/Structure for HALE

UAV (VA)

2.2.1.2 Structural X-band Array (VA)

2.2.1.3 Multi-INT Sensors Persistent ISR

(SN)

2.2.1.4 Structural Low-Band Antenna (VA)

2.2.1.5 Highly Efficient Embedded Turbine

Engine (PR)

2.2.1.6 Power and Thermal Management

for HALE UAV(PR)

Capability’s Products

7.5.1.4 Large Diameter Fan Inlet Integration

Leveraged Products

Taxonomy Breakdown Example

5.2.1.1 Self Defense Weapon for A/C-Laser

7.3.1.6 ISHM for RLVs (architecture)

32


Advanced IR Satellite System

Government Concept Drawing

• Integrated experiment to research

wide-field of view staring

approaches for missile warning

• Part of AIRSS alternate path to

SBIRS mission initiated by

USD/AT&L

• Follows incremental spiral

approach to operational systems

G

Cost

Q2 06

Q4 06

Q2 07

Q4 07

Q2 08

Q4 08

G

G

Schedule

Performance

ATP

from

SMC

Contract

Awards

Hardware

delivery

DT&E

33


HIGH STARE Large Format

Short Wave IR Detectors & FPAs

Technology

Technology

Investment

Investment

Schedule

Schedule

(FY)

(FY) As

As

of

of

16

2

JUN

Feb

05

04

Prior 07 04 08 0509 0610 07 11 08 12 0913

SWIR Detector/FPA Design

Prototype demo

Optimize operability

Reliability assessment

Tech Availability

3Q/06 1Q/10

4

4

3Q/093Q/12

5

5

Description

A SBIRS High Block II staring SWIR sensor

with a larger field of view (FOV) to cover an

MRC or larger area; requires larger IR FPAs

with large dynamic range

Technology

• Dramatic increase in MCT material

uniformity, substrates, photolithography

• Significant increase in FPA functionality

Benefits to the War Fighter

• Higher probability target Acq & Track

through improved detection capability

afforded by full stare contiguous AoR

with taskable focused area

• Increased Field of View

• Longer dwell times, faster revisit

• Greater number of AOIs covered

• Greater Flexibility through Taskability

34


Space Funding Breakout of FY07PB

Space S&T, by Mission Areas, FY07 PB

$147M

$147M

$147M

$46M

$46M

$27M

$27M

$107M

$107M

$107M

Counterspace

Space Force

Applications

Space Force

Enhancement

Space Support

35

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