Views
2 years ago

Jackson2013-Status and Trendsof Caribbean Coral Reefs

Jackson2013-Status and Trendsof Caribbean Coral Reefs.pdf

Jackson2013-Status and Trendsof Caribbean Coral

Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs: 1970-2012 EDITED BY JEREMY JACKSON · MARY DONOVAN · KATIE CRAMER · VIVIAN LAM

  • Page 2 and 3: STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA
  • Page 4 and 5: CONTENTS INTRODUCTION .............
  • Page 6 and 7: St. Kitts & Nevis .................
  • Page 8 and 9: een particularly beneficial or harm
  • Page 10 and 11: provided generous support through c
  • Page 12 and 13: A B C D E F G H FIGURE 1. Drivers o
  • Page 14 and 15: FIGURE 2. Distribution of 90 reef l
  • Page 16 and 17: parrotfish. Coral and macroalgal co
  • Page 18 and 19: IMPLICATIONS FOR MANAGEMENT The res
  • Page 20 and 21: Florida Keys (Dustan 2003, DuPont e
  • Page 22 and 23: A B C D FIGURE 3. Coral bleaching a
  • Page 24 and 25: FIGURE 4. Geographic distribution o
  • Page 26 and 27: Country or Territory 22 Santa Marta
  • Page 28 and 29: Country or Territory 26 St. Kitts &
  • Page 30 and 31: There are no quantitative survey da
  • Page 32 and 33: To assess trends in Acropora abunda
  • Page 34 and 35: Long-term changes in corals and mac
  • Page 36 and 37: FIGURE 11. Distribution of percent
  • Page 38 and 39: Place Reef Depth (m) Year Span Star
  • Page 40 and 41: comparable proportional decline (50
  • Page 42 and 43: FIGURE 16. Principal components ana
  • Page 44 and 45: The data also suggest that the decl
  • Page 46 and 47: FIGURE 22. Abundance of Diadema ant
  • Page 48 and 49: Population densities of residents v
  • Page 50 and 51: Summarizing the above, Hay’s (198
  • Page 52 and 53:

    Diadema abundance) and those that w

  • Page 54 and 55:

    phenotypic expression (e.g., bleach

  • Page 56 and 57:

    FIGURE 29. Example of the methodolo

  • Page 58 and 59:

    32; Koltes and Opishinski 2009; K.

  • Page 60 and 61:

    Label Country Location DHW 1998 DHW

  • Page 62 and 63:

    3d. OCEAN WARMING Coral bleaching r

  • Page 64 and 65:

    cover increased by 9.2% after 1998,

  • Page 66 and 67:

    major factor in the susceptibility

  • Page 68 and 69:

    densities of 0.5-3.8/m 2 . These cl

  • Page 70 and 71:

    enthusiast has wreaked havoc in Car

  • Page 72 and 73:

    and participants expressed great fr

  • Page 74 and 75:

    Prtoceedings of the Third Internati

  • Page 76 and 77:

    McClenachan L, Jackson JBC, Newman

  • Page 78 and 79:

    Villamizar E, Posada JM, Gómez S (

  • Page 80 and 81:

    Appendix II STATUS AND TRENDS OF CA

  • Page 82 and 83:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 84 and 85:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 86 and 87:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 88 and 89:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 90 and 91:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 92 and 93:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 94 and 95:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 96 and 97:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 98 and 99:

    STATUS AND TRENDS OF CARIBBEAN CORA

  • Page 100 and 101:

    Appendix III Location Reference Dat

  • Page 102 and 103:

    Location Reference Data Contributor

  • Page 104 and 105:

    Location Reference Data Contributor

  • Page 106 and 107:

    Appendix III References Acevedo R,

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Kühlmann DHH (1971) Die Korallenri

  • Page 110 and 111:

    Appendix IV Sources of data for Dia

  • Page 112 and 113:

    List of acronyms AGGRA AIC BBD BIC

  • Page 114:

    5. Timeline: This is a selective li

  • Page 117 and 118:

    ANTIGUA & BARBUDA Coauthors: Marily

  • Page 119 and 120:

    BAHAMAS Coauthors: Dan Brumbaugh, J

  • Page 121 and 122:

    1997-1998: Massive, widespread cora

  • Page 123 and 124:

    Stallings CD (2008) Indirect effect

  • Page 125 and 126:

    Map Code Contributor Time Period Ye

  • Page 127 and 128:

    10 Hunte W, Younglao D (1988) Recru

  • Page 129 and 130:

    Map Code Contributor Location Time

  • Page 131 and 132:

    Timeline 1950s: Development of comm

  • Page 133 and 134:

    BERMUDA Coauthors: Mike Colella, An

  • Page 135 and 136:

    1997: Fisheries (Protected Areas) O

  • Page 137 and 138:

    BONAIRE Coauthors: Rolf Bak, Paul H

  • Page 139 and 140:

    1999 AGRRA survey finds Bonaire has

  • Page 141 and 142:

    BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS Coauthors: G

  • Page 143 and 144:

    Kohler ST, Kohler CC (1992) Dead bl

  • Page 145 and 146:

    Map Code Contributor Location Time

  • Page 147 and 148:

    General Literature Aiken JJ, Godley

  • Page 149 and 150:

    Fig. 9.2 Average percent cover of l

  • Page 151 and 152:

    Castro-González E (2004) Catch and

  • Page 153 and 154:

    COSTA RICA Coauthors: Jorge Cortés

  • Page 155 and 156:

    1991: Limón Earthquake (7.6 magnit

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Fig. 11.2 Average percent cover of

  • Page 159 and 160:

    Figueredo-Martín T (2010) Pesca re

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Map Code Contributor Location Time

  • Page 163 and 164:

    2 Bak RPM, Luckhurst BE (1980) Cons

  • Page 165 and 166:

    DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Coauthors: Rodri

  • Page 167 and 168:

    2003: Tropical storm Odette 2004: H

  • Page 169 and 170:

    DOMINICA Coauthor: MACC Geographic

  • Page 171 and 172:

    FLORIDA KEYS Coauthors: Andrea Atki

  • Page 173 and 174:

    Fig. 15.3 Average percent cover of

  • Page 175 and 176:

    3 Chiappone M, Rutten LM, Swanson D

  • Page 177 and 178:

    FLOWER GARDEN BANKS Coauthors: Robe

  • Page 179 and 180:

    General Literature Aronson RB, Prec

  • Page 181 and 182:

    FRENCH ANTILLES Coauthors: Claude B

  • Page 183 and 184:

    Timeline 1960s-1970s: Mechanization

  • Page 185 and 186:

    GRENADA Coauthors: Jerry Mitchell,

  • Page 187 and 188:

    Mitchell J (2010) Baseline coral re

  • Page 189 and 190:

    Fig. 19.2 Average percent cover of

  • Page 191 and 192:

    HONDURAS Coauthors: Andrés Alegrí

  • Page 193 and 194:

    Bouchon C, Bouchon-Navaro Y, Lavign

  • Page 195 and 196:

    Map Code Contributor Location Time

  • Page 197 and 198:

    Fig. 21.5 Average biomass of parrot

  • Page 199 and 200:

    MEXICO Coauthors: Ernesto Arias, H

  • Page 201 and 202:

    Fig. 22.3 Average percent cover of

  • Page 203 and 204:

    2007: Hurricane Dean (Category 5) s

  • Page 205 and 206:

    NAVASSA ISLAND Coauthors: Margaret

  • Page 207 and 208:

    NICARAGUA Coauthors: Stephen Jameso

  • Page 209 and 210:

    PANAMA Coauthors: Katie Cramer, Hé

  • Page 211 and 212:

    General Literature Aronson RB, Maci

  • Page 213 and 214:

    PUERTO RICO Coauthors: Richard Appe

  • Page 215 and 216:

    Fig. 26.4 Average biomass of parrot

  • Page 217 and 218:

    SABA, ST. EUSTATIUS & ST. MAARTEN C

  • Page 219 and 220:

    ST. KITTS & NEVIS Coauthors: Althea

  • Page 221 and 222:

    ST. LUCIA Coauthors: Douglas Fenner

  • Page 223 and 224:

    1994: Tropical Storm Debby, very he

  • Page 225 and 226:

    ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES Coauth

  • Page 227 and 228:

    TRINIDAD & TOBAGO Coauthors: Jahson

  • Page 229 and 230:

    Laydoo RS (1985) Coral reefs at Man

  • Page 231 and 232:

    Fig. 32.2 Average percent cover of

  • Page 233 and 234:

    Map Code Contributor Location Time

  • Page 235 and 236:

    Timeline 1956: Virgin Islands Natio

  • Page 237 and 238:

    28 Smith TB, Nemeth RS, Blondeau J,

  • Page 239 and 240:

    VENEZUELA Coauthors: Carolina Basti

  • Page 241 and 242:

    1993: CARICOMP starts at Morrocoy N

  • Page 243 and 244:

    Iglesias N, Penchaszadeh P (1983) M

SDG14_WIO scenarios 2018
WIO bleaching alert-18-03-01
WIO bleaching alert-18-02-15
WIO bleaching alert-18-01-16
GCRMN_COI_2017-Western Indian Ocean Reef Status
NMCi scenarios 2017
Scott2015_IOC Biodiversity databases report Feb2016
SBSTTA2016_-20-inf-15-en_SOI WIO workshop Madagascar Jan2016
Celliers&Francis2016_MSP_CSIR_presentation
Obura2015_brief-msp_alignment_in_the_wio_cordio
Obura2017-Refilling coral reef glass_Science356
TNC-CORDIO coral reef monitoring manual_book_coral1
WIO bleaching alert-17-04-01
WIO bleaching alert-17-03-01
WIO bleaching alert-17-02-01
WIO bleaching alert-17-01-06
Introduction to the WIO Bleaching Alerts
Reviving The Western Indian Ocean Economy_SUMMARY_Pt_low-res 2017
Reviving The Western Indian Ocean Economy_Methodology _LOW RES 2017
WWF-RevivingOceanEconomy-REPORT-lowres
WWF-reviving_melanesias_ocean_economy_lowres