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ALGO SOBRE LA ÉPOCA ANTERIOR A 1789

Proyecciones de clase

Petition of Right

Petition of Right Exposición de los objetivos de la reforma legal de 1628, que condujeron a la Guerra Civil y al derrocamiento de Carlos I. Muchos de sus ideales condujeron posteriormente a la Revolución Americana. They do therefore humbly pray your most excellent Majesty, that no man hereafter be compelled to make or yield any gift, loan, benevolence, tax, or such like charge, without common consent by act of parliament. Sir Anthony Van Dyck: “Charles I” JAMP'06 7 (pintado alrededor de 1635) JAMP'06 8 Edición de James VI (1712) 1635: El rey Carlos I crea el primer servicio público de comunicación n postal, dependiente del Estado. “Book of common prayer” (1596) "... his Majesty hath bene graciously pleased to command his servant Thomas Witherings Esquire his Majesties Postmaster of England for forraigne parts to settle a running Post or twoe to run night and day betweene Edenbrugh in Scotland and the city of London ... and to take with them all such letters as shal be directed to any post towne or any place near any port towne". “The Booke of Common Prayer for Scotland” publicado en Edinburgh, 1637 JAMP'06 9 JAMP'06 10 “Triple Retrato del Cardenal de Richelieu” (alrededor de 1642) CHAMPAIGNE, Philippe de “Cardenal de Richelieu” (1633-40) CHAMPAIGNE, Philippe de (1602 – 1674) JAMP'06 11 JAMP'06 12

1642: Muere Richelieu. Empieza la Guerra Civil en Inglaterra. 1643: Muere Luis XIII y sube al trono Luis XIV. Cromwell es nombrado por el Parlamento jefe del ejército inglés JAMP'06 13 JAMP'06 14 Escudo de Armas del Lord Protector Inacabado retrato en miniatura de Oliver Cromwell, by Samuel Cooper, 1657 JAMP'06 15 Treaty of Westphalia; October 24, 1648 Peace Treaty between the Holy Roman Emperor and the King of France and their respective Allies. I. That there shall be a Christian and Universal Peace, and a perpetual, true, and sincere Amity, between his Sacred Imperial Majesty, and his most Christian Majesty; as also, between all and each of the Allies, and Adherents of his said Imperial Majesty, the House of Austria, and its Heirs, and Successors; but ……. II. That there shall be on the one side and the other a perpetual Oblivion, Amnesty, or Pardon of all that has been committed since the beginning of these Troubles, in what place, or what manner soever the Hostilitys have been practis'd, in such a manner, that no body, under any pretext whatsoever, shall practice any Acts of Hostility, entertain any Enmity, or cause any Trouble to each other; neither as to Persons, Effects and Securitys, neither of themselves or by others, neither privately nor openly, neither directly nor indirectly, neither under the colour of Right, nor by the way of Deed, either within or without the extent of the Empire, notwithstanding all Covenants made before to the contrary: That they shall not act, or permit to be acted, any wrong or injury to any whatsoever; but that all that has pass'd on the one side, and the other, as well before as during the War, in Words, Writings, and Outrageous Actions, in Violences, Hostilitys, Damages and Expences, without any respect to Persons or Things, shall be entirely abolish'd in such a manner that all that might be demanded of, or pretended to, by each other on that behalf, shall be bury'd in eternal Oblivion. JAMP'06 16 PRINCIPIOS BÁSICOS INCORPORADOS AL TRATADO DE WESTFALIA: •El principio de soberanía de las naciones-estado y el derecho fundamental a la autodeterminación política. •El principio de igualdad legal entre las naciones-estado •El principio de sujeción internacional a los tratados internacionales entre estados. •El principio de no intervención de un estado en los asuntos internos de otro. Estas ideas fueron la base para el desarrollo de las relaciones internacionales. JAMP'06 17 JAMP'06 Europa después s de la paz de Westfalia, , en 1648 18

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