Deterrence in the Twenty-first Century

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Deterrence in the twenty-first century - Air University Press

STYMIEING LEVIATHAN

ists are deeply engaged in violence, sympathisers can

still benefit from government restraint.

• Simulate, merge with, and take over accepted religious/

diaspora charities and political activities

• Invent and evolve but carefully coordinate separate,

more aggressive factions or entirely peaceful front organisations

and political wings

• Emphasise that your activists form a network, not limited

in space or borders, which cannot be eradicated by

surges or military offensives

• Conduct a graduated, controlled, and ambiguous campaign

• Maintain an operational profile just below what would

provoke escalated security responses. This means planning

operations that are unacceptable rather than unbearable.

• Develop a reputation for the NSA as a potentially responsible

political actor, capable of becoming an indispensable

negotiating partner if the conditions on which

it has to insist were at least partially met. (It is not impossible

that this might become true.)

• Project an image of a responsible leadership looking for

a compromise while tenuously holding wilder elements

in check.

• Denounce other organisations’ atrocities (as Hamas did

the 7/7 attacks in London)

• Conduct vigorous law fare 13 (“the growing use of international

law claims, usually factually or legally meritless,

as a tool of war”) and integrated it into an intense information

campaign. The aim should be to create an automatic

international expectation that military force

launched by states will be morally illegitimate and illegal

in its inception and unlawfully applied in its practice.

• Launch legal actions for abuse of human rights, defamation,

or ethnic discrimination wherever possible and ensure

they are widely reported

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