Task Force

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Presentation to the

Prison Population

Task Force

September 25, 2015

Minnesota

Department of

1


Prison Population Exceeds

Capacity

2


Prison Population vs Capacity

11,000

10,500

10,000

10,119

9,500

9,000

8,500

Actual Population

Difference of 560

9,559

8,000

7,500

Capacity

7,000

6,500

6,000

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

DOC Capacity

Actual Population

Source: MN Department of Corrections

3


Future Prison Projections* vs Capacity

11,000

(July 1 of each year)

10,500

Projected Prison Population*

10,761

10,000

Difference of 1,202

9,500

9,000

Current Capacity 9,559 (male and female)

8,500

8,000

2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022

DOC Capacity

Projected Population*

*Based on October 2014 projections

Source: MN Department of Corrections

4


Future Female Projections* vs Capacity

(July 1 of each year)

1,000

900

800

Projected Female Population*

926

Difference of 270

700

600

Current DOC Female Capacity 656**

500

400

300

2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022

MCF-Shakopee Capacity

Projected Female Population*

*Based on October 2014 projections **Includes female Challenge Incarceration Program (CIP)

Source: MN Department of Corrections

5


Minnesota DOC Adult Prison Population

(July 1 of each year)

Actual

Projected

*Actual prison population includes those housed in a DOC facility or housed under contract in a local jail/private facility, and does include work release.

6


National Historic Background

7


Minnesota Has a Low Imprisonment Rate

2014 Imprisonment Rate

(Sentenced prisoners per 100,000 population)

U.S. Total

Imprisonment

Rate

471

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Prisoners in 2014.

Council of State Governments Justice Center 8


WV

ID

ND

AZ

MN

AR

IN

FL

KY

NE

UT

PA

WY

NV

SD

OR

NC

NH

OH

AL

OK

NM

GA

IL

TN

WA

VT

MA

LA

MS

VA

KS

MO

CO

RI

AK

TX

MT

IA

ME

DE

WI

SC

MD

CT

MI

HI

CA

NJ

NY

MN

Fifth Fastest Growing Prison Population

Prison Population Percentage Change, 2003-2013

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

-10%

-20%

Minnesota

+31%

U.S.

+8%

-30%

Source: BJS, Prisoners reports http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbse&sid=40

Council of State Governments Justice Center 9


Imprisonment Rate Per 100,000

Imprisonment Rate in the U.S. and Minn.

500

Minnesota’s Imprisonment Rate Compared to All States

1978-2014

400

471

412

300

200

100

194

194

0

U.S. Imprisonment Rate

Minn. Imprisonment Rate

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics

10


Crime is Going Down.

Why is the Minnesota Prison Population

Going Up?

11


Crime is Down

600,000

300,000

500,000

485,834

199,858

400,000

300,000

200,000

100,000

Total Reported

Crimes

Down 27%

368,015

200,000

100,000

Total Arrests

Down 24%

160,797

0

2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013

0

2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013

140,000

127,797

300,000

120,000

207,392

100,000

200,000

100,000

0

Court Filings

(Excludes Parking)

Down 34%

2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013

80,000

60,000

40,000

20,000

0

Adults On

Probation

Down 24%

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Source: Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, Uniform Crime Reports; Minnesota State Court Administrator; Minnesota DOC Probation Survey

12


Sentencing and Penalties

13


Key Sentencing Practices

• 93% of all felons serve jail or prison sentences

• 30% of male felons are sentenced to prison

• 63% of males serve time in the community or jails

• 12% of females are sentenced to prison

• 75% of females serve time in the community or jails

• 2/3 of sentence served in prison

• 1/3 of sentence in community under supervision

MN Sentencing Guidelines 2013

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Penalty Increases

• 1998 Weapons: mandatory minimum for violent felons in

possession of firearm increased from 1.5 to 5 years

• 2000 Failure to Register: increased to felony-level offense for all

offenders and a mandatory minimum sentence of a year and a day

• 2002 Felony DWI: created felony-level offense for four or more

DWIs within 10-year look-back period

• Domestic Violence

• 2005: felony created for domestic assault by strangulation

• 2006: widened the net for felony-level domestic assault

• Violations of restraining/no contact orders

• 2006: widened the net for felony-level offenses

• 2007: domestic abuse no contact order

15


Offense Types 2000-2015

DOC Profile Card

16


Increase in New Commits (2013)

• Increase is Not Confined to One Specific Type of Offense

• Increase of 23% for meth, 15% for DWI, 10% for person, 9% for property, 7% for

“other” and 5% for criminal sexual conduct (8% decrease for non-meth drug offenses)

• Not Limited to a Particular Area of State

• Seven-county Twin Cities Metro Area: 7.3% increase

• Greater Minnesota: 8.5% increase

• Top Five Counties with Largest Numerical Increase

• Ramsey: 97 (“other” offenses: +61)

• Most of increase due to weapons (+32) and violation of order for protection or

domestic abuse no contact order (+25) offenses

• St. Louis: 28 (person offenses: +13)

• Otter Tail: 19 (property offenses: +7)

• Scott: 16 (methamphetamine offenses: +5)

• Douglas: 14 (methamphetamine offenses: +7)

17


PRISON POPULATION (EXCLUDES PSI HOLDS)

Prison Population by Offense 2000-2015

10,000

Other Offenses

454

8,000

Property Offenses

DWI Offenses

Weapons Offenses

683

683

1,144

6,000

Person Offenses

5,215

4,000

2,000

Drug Offenses

1,911

-

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Source: MN DOC Profile Cards

18


Impacts on Population

19


Prison Population is Up

12,000

10,000

10,119

8,000

6,000

4,000

7,568

Adults in

Prison

Up 34%

2,000

0

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

20


Recent Impacts on Prison Population

Short Term Offender Law Repeal

Domestic Violence Sentence Enhancements

Felony DWI Law Added

Life Sentence/Sex Offender Law Changes

Methamphetamine Boom

21


Recent Impacts on Prison Bed Capacity

Use of Double-bunking

Opening of MCF-Faribault Expansion

Expansion of Challenge Incarceration Program

22


Impacts on Prison Intake

• Police Practice – Municipalities, Counties

• Charging Practice – County Attorney

• Sentencing Guidelines – Legislative Commission

• Application of Guidelines – County Attorney, Judicial

• Availability of Community Sanctions/Treatment

• Probation Violations

• Parole/Supervised Release Violations

23


Impacts on Prison Release

• Extended Incarceration

• Challenge Incarceration Program

• Work Release

• Conditional Release Program

• Conditional Medical Release

• Community Supervision

• Sentence Completion

• Death

24


Population Facts

25


Fiscal Year 2014 Admissions

More than

a year

24 %

Less than

6 months

55 %

More than

a year

35.1 %

Less than 6

months

44.3 %

6-12

months

21 %

Female Admissions

6-12

months

20.6 %

Male Admissions

26


Special Prison Populations

• Geriatric Growth

• Youthful Offenders

• Mental Health

• Chemical Dependency

• Extended Incarceration

• Life without Parole

27


DOC Internal Options

28


What Have We Done Internally?

• Expanded:

• MCF-Faribault added over 700 beds

• Male Challenge Incarceration Program increased from 90

in FY09 to 214 in FY14

• Female Challenge Incarceration Program increased from

24 in FY2009 to 40 in FY2013

• Added over 1,200 beds to existing facilities through doublebunking

and the creation of additional dormitories and other

multiple-housing options

• Utilized non-DOC facility options where possible:

• Institution Community Work Crews housed in county jails

• Work Release

• Contracted for jail beds with 18 counties (over 500 beds)

29


Other Potential Options

Expand Work Release

Expand Use of Local Sanctions

Violator Strategy

Electronic Monitoring

Expand Challenge Incarceration Program

Explore Alternative Sites

Explore Expanding the Criteria for the Conditional

Release Program for Non-Violent Drug Offenders

30


Our Mission:

Reduce recidivism by promoting

offender change through proven

strategies during safe and secure

incarceration and effective community

supervision.

31

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