About Roses

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All About Roses - Hicks Nurseries

Shrub Roses

• Among the easiest to grow; great when

low maintenance is desired

• Heights vary from 18 inches to 5 feet,

depending on variety

• Are bushy and are among the most

vigorous, hardiest and most disease and

insect-resistant roses

• Very drought-tolerant once established

• Use as flowering shrubs or groundcover

• Not fussy about pruning; can be periodically

sheared back and will return with

a profusion of colorful blooms a

short time later

• Provide continuous color

Miniature Roses

• Are small in stature, ranging

from several inches to

little more than a foot.

• Exhibit blooms, stems and

leaves that are equally dwarf

• Are continuous bloomers

• Often grown as potted plants

indoors that are transferred to the

outdoors for summer, although most

are winter-hardy

Tree Roses

• Also known as standards

• These are a novelty created

by using grafting and pruning

techniques

• Have tall, sturdy trunks

with the bush grafted on top

• Can be grown in the ground

or in a container

• Requirements and characteristics

depend on the type or

class of the graft on the top

We have everything you

need to be successful

with your roses.

Shopping List:

q Pruning Shears

q Rose Gloves

q Bone Meal

q Peat Moss

q Soaker Hose

q Shovel

q Rose-tone TM Fertilizer

100 Jericho Tpke., Westbury, NY 11590

516-334-0066 • Fax: 516-997-2532

www.hicksnurseries. com

All

About

Roses

Successfully

Growing

Roses in

Your

Garden

Nothing else in the garden quite

matches the beauty and elegance of

roses. Many home gardeners can’t

resist and enthusiastically grow them

successfully year after year.

Hybrid Teas

• Produce large, often fragrant, blooms,

some form small clusters on a stem;

desirable for cut flowers

• Repeat-bloomers that provide an array

of color all season long

• Tall-growing (3-5 feet)

Floribundas

• Bear clusters of smaller

blooms on compact

plants (usually 4 feet

and under)

• Many are fragrant

• Repeat-blooming,

providing seasonlong

color

• Useful where masses

of colorful blooms are

valued in the landscape

• Likely to be more hardy and

disease-resistant than hybrid teas

Grandiflora

• Smaller blooms in clusters on tall plants

• A cross between hybrid teas and floribundas,

these exhibit similar size, hardiness

and disease-resistance characteristics of

either parent

Climbing Roses

• Includes many kinds that grow

long canes requiring trellises,

fencing or other support

• Include ramblers, climbing hybrid teas,

polyanthas, floribundas, ever-blooming

climbers and trailing roses


Planting Roses

Ready-to-plant, bare root roses sold in cardboard

boxes or plastic bags can be planted as soon as

they are available in March, April or later. Roses

grown in containers can be planted right away in

the spring, summer or fall.

Where to Plant

Use roses anywhere there’s

a sunny spot and you want

fabulous, season-long color.

Consider using them in

flowerbeds, with shrubs in

the landscape or even in

containers on decks and

patios or at entryways and

on steps.

Roses grow best in an

open, sunny location

with rich, well-drained soil.

Look for the new

Knock-Out ® series,

considered to be some

of the best roses to

hit the market in years.

They are non-stop

bloomers from spring

through frost, disease

resistant and drought

tolerant; they’re available

in red, several

pinks, yellow and

double reds and pinks.

• The pH of the soil should be near-neutral (6.5 –

7.0); we can test your soil for free to determine

if limeis needed.

• If possible, roses should not be planted where

their roots will

compete with roots

from large trees and

shrubs.

• Provide plenty of

space between individual

rose plants and

other plants or structures

to ensure good

air circulation and

sunlight exposure.

2. If the plant is in a cardboard box or plastic bag,

remove it.

• Build a small mound or pyramid of soil in the

bottom of the hole.

• Carefully spread roots over the mound making

sure the top of the root cluster

begins barely below the

surface – it’s better to plant

shallow than too deep.

3. Plants in plastic pots/containers

should be removed

and placed in the bottom of

the hole, making sure the top

of the soil of the pot is level

with the surrounding ground

level.

4. Fill the remaining space

in the hole with soil and firm

the soil around the plant,

eliminating air pockets.

5. Around the plant, apply 2-3 inches of organic

mulch (bark, wood chips, etc).

6. Water thoroughly at the time of planting.

• Frequent, deep watering for the first few weeks

will ensure the rose will take and thrive.

• After a month or so, water deeply once a week,

or as needed depending on rainfall, throughout

the rest of the growing season.

Caring for Roses

1. Fertilize with Rose-tone TM or a complete fertilizer

like 5-10-5 every 4-6 weeks beginning in March,

making a last application by mid-September.

3. Pest Control – The most common diseases and

insect problems on roses can easily be prevented and

controlled with occasional applications of chemical,

organic and least-toxic alternative pest control methods.

Stop by for advice for the safest and most effective

problem solver for your needs; bring in samples

for an accurate diagnosis and recommendation.

4. Pruning – Usually done several times a season

when needed.

a. Make clean cuts at a slight angle just above

(1/4 inch) an outward facing bud or where a

leaf is or was attached (node).

b. Remove dead branches.

c. Remove crossing and rubbing branches.

d. Remove old, weak canes.

e. Constantly check (weekly or more often) for

and remove dead (faded) flowers.

f. Maintain an open center to improve and

maintain good air circulation.

5. Winterizing

a. Rake up fallen leaves from around the plant.

b. Mound up mulch (or soil) around the bottom

third of the plant. Important – Pull this

mulch or soil back and away in the spring

as new growth begins.

c. Prune back the branches to the main canes.

d. Climbing roses require little if any pruning.

Cut back long, unruly shoots (whips).

e. For extra winter protection, spray rose canes

in late November with an anti-transpirant

spray such as Wilt-Stop TM . Grafted tree roses

may need to be laid down and mulched over

or moved to a shed or garage for proper

protection. Speak to our staff for advice on

tree roses.

How to Plant

1. Dig a hole the same depth as the soil level in the

container, making sure the top of the roots will be

slightly below the surrounding soil level.

• The hole should be twice the width of the root

mass or container.

• Mix into the soil taken out of the hole 1 part

peat moss or compost to 3 parts soil and 1 cup

of bone meal; add lime if needed.

2. Water newly planted roses frequently and deeply

the first few weeks; after that, normal rainfall is

usually sufficient. During hot, dry summer weather

or drought, water deeply (several gallons per plant)

each week. Avoid wetting foliage and flowers with

overhead watering as much as possible to minimize

disease and insect pests. Use drip or trickle irrigation

(soaker hose) or hand watering to direct the water

toward roots and away from tops of plants.

Hicks Nurseries, Inc., 100 Jericho Turnpike., Westbury, New York • 516-334-0066 • www.hicksnurseries.com

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