• Among the easiest to grow; great when
low maintenance is desired
• Heights vary from 18 inches to 5 feet,
depending on variety
• Are bushy and are among the most
vigorous, hardiest and most disease and
• Very drought-tolerant once established
• Use as flowering shrubs or groundcover
• Not fussy about pruning; can be periodically
sheared back and will return with
a profusion of colorful blooms a
short time later
• Provide continuous color
• Are small in stature, ranging
from several inches to
little more than a foot.
• Exhibit blooms, stems and
leaves that are equally dwarf
• Are continuous bloomers
• Often grown as potted plants
indoors that are transferred to the
outdoors for summer, although most
• Also known as standards
• These are a novelty created
by using grafting and pruning
• Have tall, sturdy trunks
with the bush grafted on top
• Can be grown in the ground
or in a container
• Requirements and characteristics
depend on the type or
class of the graft on the top
We have everything you
need to be successful
with your roses.
q Pruning Shears
q Rose Gloves
q Bone Meal
q Peat Moss
q Soaker Hose
q Rose-tone TM Fertilizer
100 Jericho Tpke., Westbury, NY 11590
516-334-0066 • Fax: 516-997-2532
Nothing else in the garden quite
matches the beauty and elegance of
roses. Many home gardeners can’t
resist and enthusiastically grow them
successfully year after year.
• Produce large, often fragrant, blooms,
some form small clusters on a stem;
desirable for cut flowers
• Repeat-bloomers that provide an array
of color all season long
• Tall-growing (3-5 feet)
• Bear clusters of smaller
blooms on compact
plants (usually 4 feet
• Many are fragrant
• Useful where masses
of colorful blooms are
valued in the landscape
• Likely to be more hardy and
disease-resistant than hybrid teas
• Smaller blooms in clusters on tall plants
• A cross between hybrid teas and floribundas,
these exhibit similar size, hardiness
and disease-resistance characteristics of
• Includes many kinds that grow
long canes requiring trellises,
fencing or other support
• Include ramblers, climbing hybrid teas,
polyanthas, floribundas, ever-blooming
climbers and trailing roses
Ready-to-plant, bare root roses sold in cardboard
boxes or plastic bags can be planted as soon as
they are available in March, April or later. Roses
grown in containers can be planted right away in
the spring, summer or fall.
Where to Plant
Use roses anywhere there’s
a sunny spot and you want
fabulous, season-long color.
Consider using them in
flowerbeds, with shrubs in
the landscape or even in
containers on decks and
patios or at entryways and
• Roses grow best in an
open, sunny location
with rich, well-drained soil.
Look for the new
Knock-Out ® series,
considered to be some
of the best roses to
hit the market in years.
They are non-stop
bloomers from spring
through frost, disease
resistant and drought
tolerant; they’re available
in red, several
pinks, yellow and
double reds and pinks.
• The pH of the soil should be near-neutral (6.5 –
7.0); we can test your soil for free to determine
if limeis needed.
• If possible, roses should not be planted where
their roots will
compete with roots
from large trees and
• Provide plenty of
space between individual
rose plants and
other plants or structures
to ensure good
air circulation and
2. If the plant is in a cardboard box or plastic bag,
• Build a small mound or pyramid of soil in the
bottom of the hole.
• Carefully spread roots over the mound making
sure the top of the root cluster
begins barely below the
surface – it’s better to plant
shallow than too deep.
3. Plants in plastic pots/containers
should be removed
and placed in the bottom of
the hole, making sure the top
of the soil of the pot is level
with the surrounding ground
4. Fill the remaining space
in the hole with soil and firm
the soil around the plant,
eliminating air pockets.
5. Around the plant, apply 2-3 inches of organic
mulch (bark, wood chips, etc).
6. Water thoroughly at the time of planting.
• Frequent, deep watering for the first few weeks
will ensure the rose will take and thrive.
• After a month or so, water deeply once a week,
or as needed depending on rainfall, throughout
the rest of the growing season.
Caring for Roses
1. Fertilize with Rose-tone TM or a complete fertilizer
like 5-10-5 every 4-6 weeks beginning in March,
making a last application by mid-September.
3. Pest Control – The most common diseases and
insect problems on roses can easily be prevented and
controlled with occasional applications of chemical,
organic and least-toxic alternative pest control methods.
Stop by for advice for the safest and most effective
problem solver for your needs; bring in samples
for an accurate diagnosis and recommendation.
4. Pruning – Usually done several times a season
a. Make clean cuts at a slight angle just above
(1/4 inch) an outward facing bud or where a
leaf is or was attached (node).
b. Remove dead branches.
c. Remove crossing and rubbing branches.
d. Remove old, weak canes.
e. Constantly check (weekly or more often) for
and remove dead (faded) flowers.
f. Maintain an open center to improve and
maintain good air circulation.
a. Rake up fallen leaves from around the plant.
b. Mound up mulch (or soil) around the bottom
third of the plant. Important – Pull this
mulch or soil back and away in the spring
as new growth begins.
c. Prune back the branches to the main canes.
d. Climbing roses require little if any pruning.
Cut back long, unruly shoots (whips).
e. For extra winter protection, spray rose canes
in late November with an anti-transpirant
spray such as Wilt-Stop TM . Grafted tree roses
may need to be laid down and mulched over
or moved to a shed or garage for proper
protection. Speak to our staff for advice on
How to Plant
1. Dig a hole the same depth as the soil level in the
container, making sure the top of the roots will be
slightly below the surrounding soil level.
• The hole should be twice the width of the root
mass or container.
• Mix into the soil taken out of the hole 1 part
peat moss or compost to 3 parts soil and 1 cup
of bone meal; add lime if needed.
2. Water newly planted roses frequently and deeply
the first few weeks; after that, normal rainfall is
usually sufficient. During hot, dry summer weather
or drought, water deeply (several gallons per plant)
each week. Avoid wetting foliage and flowers with
overhead watering as much as possible to minimize
disease and insect pests. Use drip or trickle irrigation
(soaker hose) or hand watering to direct the water
toward roots and away from tops of plants.
Hicks Nurseries, Inc., 100 Jericho Turnpike., Westbury, New York • 516-334-0066 • www.hicksnurseries.com