and structure







Main service group trends

Chart 6.8 shows the change in the number of adult social care jobs by main service type.

The chart highlights the large increase in the number of domiciliary care jobs between

2009 and 2014 (up by 170,000 or 36%). This increase included 140,000 new jobs in

independent sector CQC regulated non-residential services and 35,000 new jobs for direct

payment recipients. The number of domiciliary jobs now almost matches the number of

jobs in residential services (both at around 650,000).

Jobs in residential services increased between 2009 and 2012 (by 60,000 or 10%) before

plateauing between 2012 and 2014.The number of jobs in day care and community

services remained broadly the same over the period.

Chart 6.8: Estimated adult social care jobs by main service type, 2009 to 2014

The sub-sections below look in detail at care homes with and without nursing.

Care homes without nursing

The number of independent sector CQC regulated care homes without nursing has

decreased since 2009 by almost 10% (from 13,000 to 11,800). Over the same period,

however, the number of jobs at these establishments has increased slightly from 275,000

in 2009 to 285,000 in 2014 (up an estimated 3%). As mentioned in Section 3

(Establishments) this suggests a consolidation in this part of the sector whereby a similar

amount of care is being delivered at fewer locations.

Care homes with nursing


In contrast, the number of jobs for independent sector CQC regulated care homes with

nursing increased significantly between 2009 and 2014 by around 50,000 jobs to 280,000

(a 20% increase). The number of independent sector care homes with nursing also

increased over the period (by 8% from 4,300 to 4,600).

These findings demonstrate that, since 2009, there has been a substantial shift in the

proportion of residential care that includes nursing. The number of jobs at care homes with

nursing is now similar to the number jobs at care homes without nursing. In 2009 care

homes with nursing had 40,000 fewer jobs than care homes without nursing.

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