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Fracturing in Michigan

TLCjZ

LIST OF TABLES TABLE 3.1

LIST OF TABLES TABLE 3.1 TABLE 3.2 TABLE 3.3 TABLE 4.1 TABLE 4.2 TABLE 4.3 TABLE 4.4 TABLE 4.5 TABLE 4.6 Different Requirements for Registration and Permitting of Large-Volume Water Withdrawals in Michigan under WWAP Relative Water Use Rates Associated with Different Types of Hydraulic Fracturing Comparison of Registered Water Withdrawal Capacities in Six Stream-Sized Subwatershed Units in Michigan That Have No More Available Water for Withdrawal Production Characteristics of States Surveyed Demographic Characteristics of States Surveyed Policy Characteristics of States Surveyed Summary of Information Policy Options for Michigan Summary of Prescriptive Policy Options for Michigan Summary of Planning, Response, and Liability Policy Options LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1.1 Activity in Michigan. a) Oil and gas wells in 2005 and b) HVHF wells as of May 28, 2015 FIGURE 1.2 FIGURE 1.3 FIGURE 1.4 FIGURE 1.5 FIGURE 3.1 FIGURE 3.2 FIGURE 3.3 FIGURE 4.1 FIGURE 5.1 U.S. dry shale gas production IA report organization Hydraulic fracturing process IA process Simplified structure of the WWAT, indicating how a proposed water proposal generates a Policy Zone assessment Flow diagram of the process of registering a water withdrawal through the WWAT and potential SSR process Location of Utica-Collingwood Shale and existing and pending large-scale withdrawals associated with State-defined HVHF operations (left) and existing policy zone designations through January 2014 FracFocus chemical disclosure registry search page Adaptive policy conceptual framework LIST OF BOXES BOX 1.1 BOX 1.2 BOX 3.1 BOX 3.2 BOX 3.3 BOX 3.4 BOX 3.5 Key Terms Hydraulic Fracturing and High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing The WWAT and SSR Why use the WWAT if it wasn’t designed for HVHF? Water Metrics Groundwater withdrawal, geographic scale, and the concept of consumptive uses Importation of Hydraulic Fracturing Waste into Michigan LIST OF APPENDIX TABLES & BOXES TABLE C.1 Environmental Impacts—Example Approaches TABLE C.2 Air Quality Impacts—Example Approaches TABLE C.3 Landowner and Community Impacts—Example Approaches TABLE C.4 Michigan OOGM Staffing and Budget, 2010-2014 TABLE C.5 Agency Capacity and Financing—Examples from Other States BOX B.1 Differences and uncertainties in GHG emissions estimates ii U-M GRAHAM SUSTAINABILITY INSTITUTE List of Tables, Figures, and Boxes

LIST OF ACRONYMS/ABBREVIATIONS API ARI CAS American Petroleum Institute Adverse Resource Impact Chemical Abstracts Service CBM/CBNG Coal Bed Methane / Natural Gas CDP CLOSUP CGDP CNG CO COGCC CO 2 CSSD CWA DCH DEP DEQ DMRM DNR DOGGR DOH DRBC EPA EUR FERC GDP GEIS GHG GPD GPM HF HIA HVHF H 2 S IA IOGCC ISSD LCA Comprehensive Development Plans University of Michigan Center for Local, State and Urban Policy Comprehensive Gas Drilling Plan Compressed Natural Gas Carbon Monoxide Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission Carbon Dioxide Center for Sustainable Shale Development U.S. Clean Water Act Michigan Department of Community Health Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Ohio Division of Mineral Resources Management Michigan Department of Natural Resources California Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources New York State Department of Health Delaware River Basin Commission U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Estimated Ultimate Recovery U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Gross Domestic Product Generic Environmental Impact Statement Greenhouse Gas Gallons per Day Gallons per Minute Hydraulic Fracturing Health Impact Assessment High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing Hydrogen Sulfide Integrated Assessment Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission International Institute for Sustainable Development Life Cycle Assessment MCL MLP MSDS NMEAC NORM NO X NPDES NRC OOGM PM POTW PSE PwC RDSC RFF SCA SDWA SO 2 SRBC SSR Michigan Compiled Laws Master Leasing Plans Material Safety Data Sheets Northern Michigan Environmental Action Council Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Nitrogen Oxides U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Michigan Department of Natural Resources Natural Resource Commission Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Office of Oil, Gas, and Minerals Particulate Matter Publicly Owned Treatment Works Physicians, Scientists, and Engineers PricewaterhouseCoopers Royal Dutch Shell Resources for the Future Stipulation and Consent Agreement U.S. Safe Drinking Water Act Sulfur Dioxide Susquehanna River Basin Commission Site-Specific Review STRONGER State Review of Oil and Natural Gas Environmental Regulations, Inc. TDS TERI TSA U-M UIC USDW USGS VOC WRAEC WUC WWAP WWAT Total Dissolved Solids The Energy and Resources Institute Transfer Settlement Agreement University of Michigan Underground Injection Control Underground Source of Drinking Water United States Geological Survey Volatile Organic Compounds Water Resources Assessment and Education Committee Water Users Committees Water Withdrawal Assessment Process Water Withdrawal Assessment Tool List of Acronyms/Abbreviations U-M GRAHAM SUSTAINABILITY INSTITUTE iii

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