4 years ago

Exchange programmes - IUCN

Exchange programmes - IUCN

The designation of

The designation of geographical entities in this book, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IUCN or any of the other funding organizations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Furthermore, the views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of IUCN or the Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. This publication has been made possible by funding from the Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. Published by: IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK. Copyright: © 2001 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Reproduction of this publication for educational or other non-commercial purposes is authorized without prior written permission from the copyright holder provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without prior written permission of the copyright holders. Citation: Hayes, S. and Shultis, J. (2001). Implementation of an Exchange Programme for Protected Areas in East Asia. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xii + 71pp. [Pre-press edition, 20 copies] ISBN: 2-8317-0626-2 Cover design: Original concept by Dianne Keller and Janice Weber, Graphics, University of Waterloo Cover photos: Front: Sand dunes in Gurvan Aykhan National Park, Mongolia: ©Shelley Hayes; Cavaliere d’Italia in the Parco del Delta del Po in Italy. The park is twinned with Hudson River Valley Greenway in the US: ©Archivio Parco del Delta del Po Emilia-Romagna; View of Valli di Comacchio from the Parco del Delta del Po, Emilia-Romagna, Italy: ©Archivio Parco del Delta del Po Emilia-Romagna; View of the delta of the Po River, Emilia- Romagna, Italy: ©Archivio Parco del Delta del Po Emilia-Romagna; Mangroves are a vital component of the South Florida ecosystem: ©Heather Dine - Florida Keys NMS. Back: A hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), an endangered species, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, USA: ©Jerry Burcham; The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary was created by Congress in 1990 and linked to the Sanya Coral Reef Nature Reserve through the US-China Sister Reserve Partnership in May 1998: ©Paige Gill - Florida Keys NMS. Layout by: IUCN Publications Services Unit Produced by: IUCN Publications Services Unit Printed by: Page Bros (Norwich) Ltd, UK Available from: IUCN Publications Services Unit 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1223 277894 Fax: +44 1223 277175 E-mail: www: A catalogue of IUCN publications is also available The text of this book is printed on 90gsm Fineblade Extra made from low-chlorine pulp.

Table of Contents Foreword vii Acknowledgements ix Executive Summary xi PART 1. Exchange programmes – an overview 1 1.1 The origins of this report: the Action Plan for Protected Areas in East Asia 3 1.2 Introduction 3 1.3 What is an exchange programme? 5 1.4 Types of exchange 5 1.5 Functions and benefits of exchange programmes 9 PART 2. Global experiences with exchange programmes 13 2.1 EUROPARC Partnership and Exchange Programme 15 2.2 North America/United Kingdom Countryside Exchange Programme 23 2.3 US-China Sister Reserve partnerships 31 2.4 Italy-United States Park and Protected Area Twinning/ Partnership 34 2.5 National Park Service Sister Park relationships 38 2.6 Other exchanges 41 PART 3. Recommendations for protected area exchanges in East Asia 45 3.1 Proposed planning process for exchange programmes 47 3.2 A strategy for exchange programmes in East Asia 55 3.3 An action agenda for the WCPA in East Asia 65 References 67 Appendix: Draft EUROPARC questionnaire 69 v

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