Viva Lewes Issue #112 January 2016



Wednesday 27th January

16:00 – 19:00


Wednesday 3rd February

16:00 – 19:00




“You are what you eat,” is the mantra of our ‘My Lewes’ interviewee this month, Tina

Deubert, healthy-food cook, nutritionist and all-round good egg (of the organic, free-range

and biodynamic variety, natch). Generally in Januarys we’ve gone down the ‘New Year’s

Resolution’ route, trying out everything from colonic irrigation (I’ll never hear the end of

that one) to giving up smoking. This year we’ve decided to think more about the other side

of the self-improvement coin - pre-emptive health measures. And so we’ve decided on the

obvious preventative-medicine-related saying as our theme: ‘an apple a day’ (with the knee

jerk follow-on that’ll have sparked in your mind concerning the resultant remoteness of your

GP). Which all begs the question: in this day and age when we’re being told that fat is where

it’s at, and don’t drink too much of that evil orange juice – is an apple a day good for you?

Over to Tina… “It’s one of the best fruits,” she says, “as long as you buy organic, because

most of the nutrients are in the skin. It’s a good source of vitamin C, potassium and the antioxidant

quercetin, it’s good for your cholesterol balance, and

it’s high in fibre, so the sugars in it are released slowly. It

may help reduce the risk of cancer, Type-2 diabetes, and

heart disease. What’s more, food doesn’t get more local -

you can grow them in your back garden.” Get the message?

Eat. One. Now. Enjoy the issue… and Happy New Year.

The Team


EDITOR: Alex Leith

SUB-EDITOR: David Jarman

STAFF WRITERS: Rebecca Cunningham, Steve Ramsey

ART DIRECTOR: Katie Moorman

ADVERTISING: Sarah Hunnisett, Amanda Meynell

EDITORIAL/ADMIN ASSISTANT: Isabella McCarthy Sommerville

PUBLISHER: Lizzie Lower,

directors: Alex Leith, Lizzie Lower, Becky Ramsden, Nick Williams

REGULAR CONTRIBUTORS: Jacky Adams, Michael Blencowe, Sarah Boughton, Mark Bridge, Emma Chaplin, Barry Collins,

Moya Crockett, Mark Greco, John Henty, Mat Homewood, Paul Austin Kelly, Chloë King, Ian Seccombe, Marcus Taylor

Viva Lewes is based at Pipe Passage, 151b High Street, Lewes, BN7 1XU, 01273 488882

Every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of our content. Viva Lewes magazine cannot be held responsible for any omissions, errors

or alterations. The views expressed by columnists do not necessarily represent the view of Viva Lewes.


Jewellery and Watches

Wednesday 20 January, 10am to 4pm

Brighton and Hove Office

Bonhams jewellery specialist will be in the Brighton

and Hove office to offer free and confidential advice

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the ‘apple a day’ issue



Bits and bobs.

8-23. Ian Seccombe’s jumping apples,

vox populi advice on how to cure

a cold, Tina Deubert’s Lewes, the

county town’s health stats, and plenty

more besides.


25-29. A variety of muses for our

columnists: for David Jarman it’s The

Bard, Chloë King cites Jon Ronson,

and Mark Bridge is inspired by his

indestructible cat, Rupert.

In town this month.

31. We meet bumblebee expert Prof

Dave Goulson.

33. Holocaust memorial: Tim Locke

on his Kindertransport mum.

35. Economics funny-man Simon

Evans at the Linklater Pavilion.

37-41. Art. The cinematic hoardings

at the Depot, Bill Knight’s refugee


portraits in the Town Hall, John Bratby

at the Jerwood, and plenty more.

43. Classical music. Paul Austin Kelly

on… Paul Austin Kelly, and other artists.

44-45. Cinema. Timbuktu,

Abderrahmane Sissako’s powerful cry

from the heart.

47-51. Diary dates. What’s on, in

chronological order, including, of course,

January being January, St Mary’s Panto,

in its 68th year.

53-54. Gig guide. Angaleena Presley,

bringing her country blues from

Kentucky to the Con Club. And plenty

more from pirate folk to cool jazz.

57-61. Free time. What’s on for the

U16s, photo of the month by Lizzie

Archer, and ice skating at the Pavilion.

Food and drink.

63-71. Healthy stuff this month: onglet

steak in the Limetree Kitchen, a zingy

soup from Cashew Catering, water

Kefir from Ana Frearson, and a posh

full English at Le Magasin. Plus Chloë


the ‘apple a day’ issue


King’s food news, and reader offers

from The Barley Mow and The

Griffin Inn.

The way we work.

73-77. Simon Potter visits three

different smile enhancers in the

same day.



78-89. My space with Trish from

Specsavers, John Henty shoots

from the hip, Barry Collins meets

Lewes Ladies’ new medic, Michael

Blencowe on herbalist Nicholas

Culpeper, trade secrets from St

Anne’s Pharmacy, and we visit

Chailey Heritage.

Business Directory.

90-105. Reputable Lewes

businesses at your fingertips, with

the spotlight on intrinsic HEALTH

and the award-winning wheelchair

specialists Design Specific.

Inside Left.

106. Four rugged cyclists,

from 1894… but only one with

pneumatic tyres.


We plan each magazine six weeks ahead, with a mid-month advertising/copy deadline.

Please send details of planned events to, and for any advertising queries,

contact, or call 01273 434567.




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this month’s cover artists: photography firm

This year’s first cover comes from husband-andwife

duo Helen and Andrew Perris. Aided by

their small team, they run Photography Firm, a

commercial photography studio based in Cooksbridge.

We approached them to come up with

a concept for our ‘Apple a Day’ issue and they

just so happened to be working on a similarlythemed

project already. Helen explains: “We’ve

been working on a large series which plays

around with the idea of how we can change people’s

opinions on sugar. If you wrap up chocolate

in shiny paper and make it look really appealing,

of course everyone’s going to want to eat

it.” So rather than trying to make sugary foods

and sweets look less attractive, they decided to

focus instead on making fruit and veg look just

as exciting.

The project came about in part after having

three children of their own and noticing the

way that sugary foods are portrayed to children

in particular. But as they shoot a lot of images

for stock libraries, another important factor was

the current popularity surrounding the sugar issue.

“We do a lot of research into current trends,

using information that’s available to everybody:

half of it was just reading the newspapers and

half was research into what’s trending in the

microstock world.” In other words, finding out

what people are searching for online.

The duo work on the idea generation stage together,

and the chosen concept is photographed

by Andrew. Helen is a graphic designer, so her

next role is the retouching of the images and

producing the artwork. In a lot of cases they will

sell their work through agencies, so they won’t

always know where one of their images will turn

up. “Sometimes we do bulk private commissions,”

Helen says, “but when it comes to the rest

of our work we won’t know where it’s being used.

It’s a nice surprise when it pops up in a blog or a

magazine somewhere.”

During the coming year, the team are hoping to

fit in some time working on their own projects,

between commissions for their clients. When

they find the time, they want to start merchandising

and selling some of their own work, in the

form of limited edition prints, amongst other

things. Helen says: “These are the kinds of projects

that we look forward to working on, just for

the love of art and design.” RC

See more of Helen and Andrew’s work at




25 - 27 FEBRUARY



Nothing is a co-commission between Glyndebourne and the Royal Opera House

made possible with the help of MariaMarina Foundation, Arts Council England,

The Chalk Cliff Trust, The Bernard Sunley Charitable Foundation, The Helen Wade

Charitable Trust, The Charles Peel Charitable Trust, The D’Oyly Carte Charitable

Trust, RVW Trust and investment from Glyndebourne’s New Generation Programme.

Photo bny Alex Leith

my lewes

Tina Deubert: Cook, nutritionist, teacher

Are you local? My life has taken me in a little triangle.

I grew up in Newhaven, went to Germany

as an au pair, then moved to Brighton. In 1987,

pregnant with my first child, I moved to Lewes.

It seemed like a good place to bring up children.

What was Newhaven like when you were a kid?

It was a great place to grow up. It was before the

ring road, when it had a proper high street. I had

lots of freedom and played in the countryside.

Lots of beach time, too; when I was a teenager me

and my best friend swam from March to October.

How did you come to run a healthy-food café?

[Tina’s Kitchen on the High Street] My mum

let me experiment in the kitchen from when I was

about eight, but advised me not to take up cooking

as a profession. I did all sorts of things – from

temping to doing a teacher training course, but I

always loved everything about good food. For four

years I ran the Farmers’ Market, then I trained to

be a nutritional therapist. This job brings together

everything I’ve done which I’m passionate about:

I use my teaching in my healthy eating courses

and workshops, advise people on their diet… and

I cook and love inventing new recipes!

Can you recommend any other Lewes restaurants

or pubs? It’s recently been discovered that

humans don’t have a gluten-digesting enzyme,

which is why so many people have a problem with

it. I don’t eat (or serve) any food containing gluten,

but once or twice a year I’ll treat myself and have

one of the best pizzas ever at The Hearth. I’m not

a great pub goer, but I enjoy a drink, mostly wine;

my favourite treat is a Negroni. If I want a nice

informal meal out, I’ll choose Lazzati’s (Famiglia,

but still Lazzati’s to us).

What did you have for breakfast this morning?

The same as I had for dinner last night because

it was so good! Cheese and ham in a beanjack

(instead of bread) sandwich. It’s best to have a

savoury breakfast with plenty of protein, which

helps to stabilise your blood sugar levels and reduce


What’s your favourite view? On a Sunday afternoon

I love walking up to Black Cap and looking

over towards Kingston. I’d look over to Newhaven

if the incinerator didn’t get in the way. I used

to walk every day before I opened the shop; if I

can get away, I love climbing to the top of the castle

and looking over the roofs and gardens below.

We’re members of the SAS so it’s free; I wouldn’t

pay £7. You could have a mushroom Scotch egg

and a mixed salad for that!

What don’t you like about Lewes? The house

prices. I’d like my children to be able to afford to

live here.

Where in the world would you live if you

didn’t live here? In Cornwall. I love the sea, and

wild weather. Interview by Alex Leith










Rathfinny Wine Estate, Alfriston, East Sussex BN26 5TU /

its and bobs

ian seccombe’s point of view

“Afal y dydd yn cadw y meddyg i ffwrdd” writes the ever-more-inventive Ian Seccombe, who this

month hasn’t been able to get out and about, instead taking this trick shot from inside his house, in

front of a cabinet full of old Vivas. But that hasn’t stopped him keeping on theme. “Apparently the

common English idiom ‘An apple a day keeps the doctor away’ has its origins in Wales.”

town plaques #10: Lewes Dispensary – our first hospital

For more than a century the town’s hospital has been on Nevill

Road, and thousands of residents have had reason to be grateful

for that local service. However, the first hospital was located

at 11, High Street: a building which now has only financial

connotations, being the home of NatWest Bank, across Friars

Walk from Fitzroy House.

Lewes Dispensary was established in 1847, funded by the Pest

House charity and public subscription and soon moved to this

building, emblazoning its name across the front over the top windows. Three accident beds were added

in 1867 and the Victoria wards in 1888. The postcard here (from the Lewes Past Facebook collection) is not

dated, but shows how [apart from the demise of the railway bridge] little this part of town has changed in

a hundred years. The present hospital, named in memory of the Queen, was planned after her death and

was opened in 1910. Marcus Taylor

13 13

photo of the month

saNta claws

We thought we’d try to cheer those January blues with this picture sent to us by Robert Horscroft,

who was busy in the run-up to the New Year [spoiler alert for the under-eights] in his role as Santa,

for Drusillas and various other organisations. Not too busy to go for the odd walk, though, and he

encountered this little creature while at Splash Point, near Seaford. “Somebody had obviously found

these glasses on the beach, and decided to make an artwork out of them,” he says. And it’s quite an artwork,

with the Ray-Ban-like frames over two eye-holes in the pebble, and the lobster (or is it a crab?)

claw acting as a surrogate arm; if you look closely you can even see what passes for a mouth. “I take my

Canon Powershot Sx500 IS nearly everywhere I go, and usually take shots of the light and the shades

and the colour,” he says. “This one just fell into my lap.” There’s an epilogue to the story, too: “I put it

on Facebook, and one of my ‘friends’ wrote: ‘here, those look like my glasses I lost on the beach a few

days ago’. I told him where to look: I doubt if they were still there, somehow.”

Please send your pictures, taken in and around Lewes, to We’ll choose our favourite

for this page, which wins the photographer £20. Unless otherwise arranged we reserve the right to use all

pictures in future issues of Viva magazines.


Opening doors

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its and bobs

vox pop Frankie Watts and Keri Thomas from sussex

downs college ask: How do you treat a cold?

“I believe in rest and sleep,

taking a mixture of fresh

lemon and honey, trying not

to feel sorry for yourself!”

Barry Shepard

“Lots of sleep and

healthy organic food,

keep warm and take

medication as needed.”

Lauren Heely

“Complain a lot.”

“Vitamin supplements, fresh

orange, lots of rest.”

Helen Norman, Clair Hemett

and Frances Bell-Davis

“With difficulty, sleep

mostly” Maureen Messer

“Fill yourself with Harveys”

Sam Hall

“Take it easy and take

medication!” Gill Pleose

Problems at work?

Trouble at t’mill?

We can help

Call Simon Dodds or Quintin Barry on 01273 480234

to book your free half hour interview.

Suite 4, Sackville House, Brooks Close, Lewes BN7 2FZ

Offices also at: Eastbourne | Peacehaven

Check us out on Twitter and Facebook

its and BObs

A lewes worthy’s sad demise gideon mantell

Around 1840, things weren’t going well for

Lewes’ great dinosaur hunter, Gideon

Mantell. Previously a country doctor,

he’d tried and failed to set up a practice

in fashionable Brighton. In 1838

he’d had to sell his fossil collection.

‘His wife and elder son left him the

next year and his favourite daughter,

Hannah Matilda, died of tuberculosis in

1840,’ biographer Dennis Dean has noted.

There followed ‘months of despair’.

He was also suffering increasingly from spine

problems. He partly blamed the country doctor’s

lifestyle – lots of riding and walking and stooping

over patients’ beds. Later, in London, he’d

exhausted himself tending to a demanding-butwealthy

patient, while also dealing with ‘my sweet

girl’s malady, which required careful dressing night

and morning, often occupying an hour, and which

I would not transfer to a nurse’. And then

there was his carriage accident in 1841.

‘His fortitude in relation to the pains,

spasms and neuralgia was impressive,’

according to biographer Edmund

Critchley, ‘though nothing like as remarkable

as his activity and enormous

output of books and lectures during

that period.’ However, he ‘became increasingly

dependent’ on painkillers, and

died in 1852, aged 62, apparently from an accidental


Mantell had said that, if his spine turned out to

be medically interesting, it should be donated to

the Hunterian Museum, at the Royal College of

Surgeons. This is odd, as its curator at the time was

his great rival, Richard Owen. The spine remained

there until around 1969, when, according to one

source, it was destroyed ‘due to lack of space’. SR

ghost pubs: #15 The Grape Vine Inn, South Parade

The Grape Vine started its days in the 1840s

as the ‘Tunnel Arms’. The railway had come to

Lewes in 1846, and the entrance to the tunnel

which runs under Lewes High Street was placed

at South Parade, so the Tunnel Arms seemed an

apt name for a new beer shop. However, by 1853

its name had been changed to the ‘Grape Vine’,

with one room selling beer, and another selling

groceries. Horace Head ran it from 1879 until

1892, and, despite having his greenhouse smashed

by a woman he had barred, appears to have been

a well-respected landlord. However, after Horace

had left, the Grape Vine seemed to go downhill. It had seven landlords over the following six years, and

was attracting a ‘very rough element’. Landlord Frank Woolven was heavily fined in 1904 for permitting

drunkenness, and fined again just a few months later. It is perhaps unsurprising that the Grape Vine was

another victim of the great Lewes pub cull of 1907. This photo (kindly supplied by John Davey) shows the

Grape Vine around the time of its closure. The building was later demolished. However, it is nice to see

that the modern house which stands in its place is called… ‘The Grapevine’. Mat Homewood




girl about town

Our out-and-about photographer Carlotta

Luke has been roving the district for pictures

taken since our last deadline. Clockwise,

from top left: Southover Grange ‘during the

[Enchanted Space] light show, which was

brilliant, by the way’; another image from the

Grange Gardens spectacular; an art installation

at the all-new Newhaven Library; and

a scene from the Remembrance Day service,

back in November: “I thought it was apt considering

the state of the world and the MPs’

vote to start airstrikes against Syria.”


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book review: bowled over

‘Let there be no doubt. For anyone interested in the history of

bowls, as a game, Lewes must be their starting point.’ This is a

quote from Bowled Over (the second in the excellent series of reference

books Played in Britain) which is all about the ancient sport

of bowling, in all its forms. The book, beautifully written and illustrated,

tells you pretty much everything you might need to

know about a game which was ‘first codified in 1670, long before

other sports, such as football, cricket, and golf.’ One of the reasons

the Lewes green is so heavily featured (it is awarded a whole

chapter and there are 35 references to it, more than anything else

in the index) is that it is thought to be the oldest green in the

country, used for the same purpose since at least 1640. Lewes

Bowling Club, formed in 1753, is the equal-oldest in the country, as well, out of over 7,400 clubs. The

rules of the Lewes game are unique, too, with our-very-own-shaped jacks and woods. Much more of that

in the next issue, which we will dedicate to ‘Lewes at Play’. In the meantime, let there be no doubt, for anyone

interested in reading up the history of bowls, as a game, Bowled Over must be their starting point. AL


its and bobs

lewes in numbers

The 2011 Census questioned Lewes’s

17,297 residents, of whom 83% considered

themselves to be in good or very

good health. 16.5% of the population, or

1 in 6 people, declared themselves to have

a long-term condition, lasting 12 months

or more, which limited their ability to

perform daily tasks. And 1,190 or 6.9%

of that total felt their activities were limited

‘a lot’. When asked if they provided

regular unpaid care for a friend or relative,

1,922 residents (11%) declared that they

did. And 319 (16% of those giving care)

provided 50 or more hours a week, with

49 of these carers themselves suffering

limits to their activities through illness or


spread the word

This month Pearl-Imogen

Leader has spread the word

further than anyone has

spread it before (as far as we

remember). “I took November’s

copy out to my Lewes

girls, Faith and Molly, who

are staying in Melbourne,”

she tells us. “This was taken

at Williamstown Botanical


Are you off anywhere for a

winter break? Don’t forget to

take Viva with you, and send

us a picture (hint, if you’re

worried about weight… just

take the front cover.)

Lewes Theatre Youth Group

is proud to present Robert Louis Stevenson’s

Treasure Island

(Ludwig) is presented by special arrangement


Directed by Tim Rowland & James Firth-Haydon

Evenings on 29th Jan, 5th Feb & 6th Feb at 7:45pm

Matinees on 30th Jan, 31st Jan & 6th Feb at 2:45pm

Tickets cost 6gbp for children & 8gbp for adults

Lewes Little Theatre , Lancaster Street, Lewes

Box Office 01273 474826


David Jarman

1966 and all that

The most important

date in this year’s Sussex

calendar is probably

14th October,

the 950th anniversary

of The Battle of

Hastings. My school

summer holidays were

always spent in Hastings.

I remember that

in 1966 David Gentleman

produced a set of

stamps, based on eight

episodes from the Bayeux

Tapestry, to mark the 900th anniversary, and

local mail was postmarked: ‘Hastings – popular

with visitors since 1066’.

Two years before, Gentleman had been commissioned

to design another series, for the Shakespeare

Festival that celebrated the playwright’s

400th birthday. Characters from the plays were

shown, flanked on one side by Shakespeare, on

the other by the Queen. It caused a minor furore,

because no commoner – ie non-royal person –

had ever before appeared on an English stamp.

The House of Commons exhibited its customary

puerile attempts at humour. Questions were asked

about the proximity of the Queen’s head, on one of

the stamps, to Shakespeare’s Bottom.

This April, it will be 400 years since the Immortal

Bard’s death. Doubtless we’ll all be thoroughly

fed up with him long before it’s all over, so I

thought Viva Lewes should get in early. To this

end, I watched Orson Welles’ Falstaff: Chimes

at Midnight, a film that’s chalking up its own,

fiftieth, anniversary this year. I saw it when I was

about 17, and remember rather enjoying it. Now

it seems risible, and I can only imagine that it was

the frequent glimpses of Jeanne Moreau’s (playing

Doll Tearsheet) legs that enchanted me. Welles,

as Falstaff, lapses

regularly into not

an American, but an

Irish accent, as though

he was reprising the

ludicrous brogue he

adopted for his role in

The Lady from Shanghai.

It’s not just that

it’s all horribly dated,

it’s difficult to imagine

it ever being any good.

After all, Tarkovsky’s

film Andrei Rublev,

also set in the Middle Ages, was released in the

same year as Falstaff. I saw it again recently at the

BFI. It’s a work of monumental genius. Falstaff is

anything but.

Fortunately, the genius of Shakespeare is such that

he can withstand pretty well any rubbish imposed

upon him. But it’s probably best when the end

product is intentionally humorous. So the musical

called Dirty Dick, where the future Richard III’s

opening number goes I’ve got a hunch I’m going

to be King, is fine by me. Likewise the rap version

that renders ‘To be or not to be’ as ‘To hang right

in there, or drop right out, Hey Man! that’s what

it’s all about’. Or Aki Kaurismäki’s very funny

film, Hamlet Goes Business, in which Claudius is the

Chief Executive of a firm that makes rubber ducks.

Anyway, it was always thus. And perhaps especially

in England. In 1846, Hector Berlioz went to the

theatre in London. He wrote to a friend: ‘They

had condescended to give us Hamlet as written,

practically complete, a rare thing in this country,

where there are so many people superior to Shakespeare

that most of his plays are corrected and

augmented by the Cibbers and Drydens and other

rogues who should have their bottoms publicly




Chloë King

The shame game

I’m outside a local

women’s business networking

group, smoking.

One of my companions

left her e-cig at home

so she puffs on an OP

while empathising with

the other, who admits

ruefully that she smokes


We hurry back inside for

the speeches; how great

it is that we have a group

to help women like us

feel like ‘proper’ business

people. Afterwards, the

woman sat opposite, a business coach, tells me

how common it is for female clients to answer the

straight question ‘what do you do?’ with a meandering,

‘a little bit of everything’. I’m reminded

of my overused phrase: ‘I’m a bit of a Jack of all

trades’ - not even a whole ‘Jack of all trades’ and

certainly not ‘a real Jack of all trades’.

Over pudding, the woman next to me smiles as she

realises we live on the same street. I feel a pang of

dismay as she says she knows the house, the one

with the dog who runs amok. “I’m so sorry,” I

exclaim as she recalls the time my dog crossed the

road unaccompanied to issue an aggressive hello to

her spaniel.

January’s meant to be all about old dogs learning

new tricks: I’ve already written a column about my

dog Oz - no exception to the rule - so I thought I’d

focus on a new trick I am unlikely to learn. Giving

up fags is one thing I’m attempting, but my big

resolution is less clear, and also, I think, harder to


I’ve been reading Jon Ronson’s recent bestseller

So You’ve Been Publicly Shamed, which explores

the stories of people whose careers have been

ruined due to sustained

criticism and humiliation

on social media.

While it’s justified to call

out the likes of bigotry

and plagiarism, Ronson

makes a good case that

the damage wreaked

by public shaming is a

greater punishment than

those commonly issued

to criminals.

One of Ronson’s case

studies is a psychotherapist

named Brad Blanton

who preaches radical

honesty as a method of eliminating the state of

‘permanent adolescent concern’ that many of us

now live in. I guess having a life column circulated

among all of your neighbours is a form of radical

honesty, so in ways I’m testing out a version of

Blanton’s theory. Still, what I find most interesting

is the idea that worrying constantly about how

we appear to others is a form of teenage shame

that many of us cannot outgrow due to the shop

window-like nature of modern communications.

It’s also, possibly, more prevalent among women.

At the networking group I look around at the pool

of ambitious, talented women. Many, it seems,

think success will hinge on an ability to manage

social media marketing, but unhelpfully, I think

that simultaneously feeds a barrier: by enhancing

our need for validation.

I am vocally sorry for my failings, my poorly

trained dog and unhealthy habits. But being

apologetic doesn’t train dogs or regenerate lungs,

and it’s not just unsociable things I try to excuse,

often it’s something more abstract: like not being

‘proper’, or doing more than one thing. It’s time

for a change.

Illustration by Chloë King




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East of Earwig

Mark Bridge’s philosophical cat

It was towards the end of November when my

wife and I first realised that Rupert the cat wasn’t

well. Instead of having a bit of food, wandering off

and coming back for more, it seemed he’d been

forgetting to return. And then he stopped eating

altogether. His weight dropped dramatically. Even

his purr withered away. Our fifteen-year-old feline

friend wasn’t just at death’s door; he’d pushed open

the cat flap in death’s door and was preparing to

jump through. Whilst his housemate Harry was in

fine form - six fully working mice brought into the

house one weekend - dear old Rupert had stopped

joining us on the sofa every evening and had

started to hide under the hedge. We’d bring him

in, he’d take himself back out.

Although Rupert seemed ready to give up on

life, Mrs B and I weren’t going to let him quit so

easily. We tried to tempt him with his favourite

foods - sliced ham, tinned sardines, buttery toast

crumbs, a little bit of Victoria sponge - but without

success. I even stocked the kitchen cupboard

with luxury cat food. We took him to the vet,

where he was injected with vitamins, steroids

and an antibiotic. “He seemed a bit unhappy”,

the nurse told us when she handed him back. I

thought he seemed fairly relaxed. We were the

unhappy ones.

Unlike me, Rupert was very good at living ‘in the

moment’. He didn’t care what other people thought

about him. He wasn’t raging against the unfairness

of everything. He wasn’t regretting a misspent

youth of goldfish-eating and frog-hunting. Despite

the apparent passing of his ‘best before’ date, he was

happy with his lot. It felt like I was being given a

valuable lesson about stoicism and the philosophy

of not worrying about the future.

After the vet trip, we started keeping our increasingly

frail cat indoors in case he became too ill

to find his way home. The next morning, when

I came downstairs, Rupert was lying on his side

in the middle of the floor, looking more like a

poorly constructed papier-mâché model than a

genuine pet. He lifted his head wearily when he

heard me. At least there was still hope, I thought.

Perhaps he’d like some ham. He turned his

head away apologetically. Didn’t I understand


I fed Harry, made a cup of tea and went for a

shower. When I came downstairs again, Rupert

stood and wobbled over to greet me. Was that

a miaow? I cracked open the emergency tin of

Waitrose ‘luxurious and delicate’ cat food that I’d

bought in case his appetite returned. It had. He

cleared the bowl and then looked at me optimistically.

In fact, he gave the distinct impression he’d

like something similar for breakfast tomorrow. I

think it’s his way of reminding me he’s a cat, not

a philosopher.



IN town this month

The lowdown on...


Professor Dave Goulson

This was what first got me interested in

bumblebees, 20-odd years ago: I was sitting

watching bees in a park near where I lived, and I

saw these bees flying up to flowers but then not

landing on them, veering away at the last second,

and doing that perhaps two or three times before

they actually landed on a flower. I thought -

what’s wrong with the ones they’re not visiting?

It turns out, every time a bee lands on a

flower, she accidentally leaves behind a

footprint. Subsequent bees come along, and essentially

they give each flower a quick sniff, and

if a flower smells of a recent visit by another bee

then they don’t bother landing, because that bee

will have taken the nectar already.

Bees do all sorts of clever things that, for

their size, are pretty astonishing. They have

a magnetic compass built into their brain; they

can also use the sun as a compass. Certainly their

navigational abilities would put people to shame,

which is pretty impressive when you think that

they are quite tiny and their brain is considerably

smaller than a grain of rice.

Bumblebees have an annual life cycle. They’re

started by a single queen, who builds a nest,

on her own to start with, until she’s raised her

first batch of daughters. Then it grows through

the spring and summer, and the nest dies off in

the autumn, and only leaves behind new, young

mated queens. Honeybee nests live for years

and years, so they have to survive the winter.

That’s why they make honey. They have to

store up enough honey to provide that huge

workforce with something to eat for the four or

five months of the year when it’s too cold to get

out and about. Bumblebees don’t go through

the winter as a nest, so they don’t need to collect


These declines [in bee numbers], they’ve

been going on probably for 80 years. The

danger’s pretty obvious, in the sense that roughly

a third of the food that humans eat depends

upon pollinators of one sort or another, of which

bees are the most important. Our diets would be

very poor without the help of bees. And natural

ecosystems would essentially collapse without

pollinators. So it couldn’t be much more important

to look after them.

Am I optimistic? Well, a lot of conservation

stories are really doom and gloom, and people

feel helpless, because they can’t do anything

themselves about polar bears, or the rainforest

being felled, and so on. The nice thing about

bees is that people can do something themselves

to help. They can grow some bee-friendly flowers,

they can not use any insecticides in their

garden, they can join in citizen-science schemes

to help record how well our bees are doing. If we

can get enough people involved, then that really

would make a difference. As told to Steve Ramsey

Prof Dave Goulson is the author of A Sting in the

Tale, and founder of the Bumblebee Conservation

Trust. He’s speaking at Seedy Saturday, 6th Feb,

Town Hall.


Family Law Specialists

When times are difficult, don’t face them alone.

• Divorce and separation

• Financial issues

• Cohabitation

• Pre and post nuptial agreements

• Civil partnership dissolution

• Children issues

Call us on 01273 477071

3 Bell Lane, Lewes, East Sussex, BN7 1JU

in town this month

Holocaust Memorial

The end of childhood

“I think they could see what was going to

happen,” says Tim Locke. His mother, Ruth

Neumeyer, born in 1923, had been having “a

very happy childhood” in the Bavarian town of

Dachau. But as the 1930s progressed, things

started to get difficult for the Neumeyers, one of

four Jewish families in the town.

“They called them Judensau (sow Jew), which

is a pretty nasty insult. They got stones thrown

at them. The beginning of the end was really in

1937. They used to do plays in their house, all

the children dressed up, they got neighbours

and friends round to watch them.

“They were doing a nativity play for Christmas,

and while they’re doing it there was a hammering

at the door and these two Gestapo people

came in and said ‘aren’t you ashamed to be in

the house of a Jew?’ They sent them away, and

the children burst into tears, and the lodger was

arrested. That was kind of the beginning of the

end. It was the end of their plays, and I think

for her, that was the end of her childhood, that


“In November 1938, on Kristallnacht, they

were told by the Gestapo that they had to leave

the next morning by sunrise, which was the

usual thing. So they picked up their stuff and

scrammed to Munich. Eventually they got to

stay in various people’s attics. I don’t quite know

to what extent they were in hiding.”

In May 1939, the Neumeyers got Ruth and her

brother onto the Kindertransport – the trains

which brought around 10,000 refugee children

to Britain in the ten months before the war.

Ruth initially lived in London with the family

of the economist Frank Paish, but spent some of

the war working as a housekeeper in Cambridge.

She made friends easily, and “I think she forgot

her former life quite a bit.”

However, she had been expecting her parents

to join her in Britain at some point, Tim thinks.

This didn’t happen; they’d left it too late. They

were able to send brief messages, via the Red

Cross, saying they were okay. In 1942, these

messages stopped. She later discovered that her

parents had died in concentration camps.

Ruth was the kind of person who, “if it was

tipping down with rain, she’d say ‘oh, I expect

it’ll clear up in a moment,’” Tim says. “She had

this stoical and positive outlook on things, and

I think she just kind of pushed it to the back of

her mind somehow. She didn’t really confide…

she never said she was feeling upset; it just

wasn’t her style.

“But I’m sure it did have a long-term effect. It

must have done. To have lost your parents at

that age, and to be stuck in another country... I

think she must have had to grow up incredibly

quickly.” Steve Ramsey

There are several events and exhibitions in Lewes

this month to commemorate the Holocaust. On

Holocaust Memorial Day itself, Weds Jan 27th,

there’s a free event at the Town Hall, with speakers

including Tim Locke, as well as music and

readings. Tim’s family-history blog is


in town this month: comedy

Simon Evans

Funny money

“Well, that’s an

interesting set of

assumptions you’ve

made there,” says

Simon Evans, the

Hove-based stand-up

whose niche is making

economics funny. I’d

been asking him about

the economics of his

own industry. Virtually

all stand-ups are

extremely intelligent,

I claimed, and could

be earning much more

money in another

field – so why don’t

they? Doesn’t that say

something interesting

about what motivates


“I think comedians are intelligent in certain

respects. I was going to say they tend to be intellectually

curious, but actually even then, they’re

not always curious at all; some of them have

simply observed the dynamics of human relationships

and can spin endless hours of comedy

which will have people roaring with laughter,

just out of the ways that men and women behave

with one another that are slightly different. They

relate it with such gusto that it really works. It’s

not necessary, and I don’t think it’s universal at

all, for comedians to be particularly intelligent,

and to have lots of other career options.

“The other thing you have to remember about

career options is they’re not really based on intelligence,

they’re based on things like reliability

and discipline and the ability to focus for long

periods of time on fairly mundane, repetitive

tasks, as you work your way up the career ladder.

They’re based on the ability to make sound

decisions based on research and insights and

then having made those decisions, to see them

through to fruition. And those are all skills which

a lot of comedians

might well struggle

to display, either in

comedy or in any

other field.

“So I would dispute

that most comedians

have lots of options.

I would actually say

that one of the funny

things about comedy

is it provides a source

of income (quite often

unexpectedly, a decent

source of income) to a

lot of people who have

wondered if they’d

ever find one. Maybe

because they just don’t

quite gel with what

society expects from

working life - working hours, the repetitive nature

of tasks, and the quite substantial chunk out

of every day that most careers demand.

“There are people - Harry Hill of course was

famously a doctor, Paul Sinha was a doctor,

Adam Kay. But by and large, I think, there’s

at least as many comedians that couldn’t have

done anything else as there are that have made a

deliberate sacrifice.

“And if you look at somebody like Jimmy Carr,

for instance, who I think did have a decent career

in the marketing department of Shell - he has

actually applied a lot of that nous to his career, if

not actually to writing his jokes then certainly in

learning how to present himself as a very marketable

commodity. He’s probably one of the most

financially successful comedians this country’s

ever seen, and that’s probably in large part down

to him being one of the few comedians who did

have transferrable skills.”

Steve Ramsey

Simon Evans performs at the Linklater Pavilion,

Sun 24th, 7pm















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Photo by Carlotta Luke

Focus on: Depot Cinema Mural

Blackboard paint on white-painted hoardings, 6x50’

“It works on two different levels,” says Carmen Slijpen,

the Creative Manager of the Depot Cinema,

in Pinwell Road. “The first level is that people will

be interested in what’s on the hoardings, and be excited

week by week as more goes up…”

What is on the hoardings, you’ll have noticed, if

you’ve been down that way since September, is a

growing series of well-designed and executed largeformat

black-and-white images from the history of

cinema, whether a Hollywood star, a Fellini heroine

or snapshot reference to a Hitchcock thriller.

“But what’s maybe more interesting is that people’s

interest will be piqued about what’s going on behind

the hoardings,” she continues. Hoardings being

hoardings, that means building work: the old depot

(built for use by the Post Office, later employed by

Harveys) is, of course, being converted into a cinema,

due to open in Spring 2017.

The images have been created by the graphic designer

Peter Bushell, and a group of volunteers

culled from a film group who used to meet up at

the Depot before the builders moved in. Carmen

has given Peter a list of films she feels incorporates

the wide range of genres that will be shown at the

cinema, then he has sought out iconic and striking

images of these films, upped the contrast on them

to make them silhouetty, and put them on an A4

grid. This grid has been enlarged onto the hoardings,

and the volunteers – including Carmen herself

– have painstakingly reproduced the images onto

the white-painted wood, using blackboard paint

(after learning acrylic runs in heavy rain). The volunteers

meet on Wednesdays and Sundays; they’ve

so far completed 25-30 of the 70 images planned.

“It’s something you couldn’t afford to pay for,” says

Carmen, “if you wanted to commission it.”

You might notice I’ve been cagey about revealing

exactly who is depicted in this massive artwork. It’s

great fun trying to identify who’s who and which

film they’ve come from, but… “We’re not giving

anything away because we’re going to have a

competition when the artwork is finished, offering

some free tickets to people who can identify all of

the films,” reveals Carmen.

Alex Leith

Lewes Depot Cinema/



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in town this month: ART

art & about

In town this month

Mid-month you’ll notice a series of portraits

appearing in windows up and down the High

Street. The Refugee’s Gift is an exhibition of

photographs by Bill Knight that, along with

their captions, tell the story of 39 refugees

who’ve benefitted from our long tradition

of offering asylum. Arriving from recent

conflict zones, or having fled decades ago

from Hitler’s Germany, the men and women

in the photographs have all arrived with an

unstoppable determination and made positive

contributions to life in the UK. Originally

taken for a project with the Refugee Council,

they will be on display in Lewes from 16th –

30th and Bill will be speaking about the project

at the Don’t Stand By Holocaust memorial

event at the Town Hall on 27th.

Stephanie ‘Steve’ Shirley photographed by Bill Knight

Mehrad Ramazany photographed by Bill Knight

The exhibition Mr Gregson Went to Work continues

at Pelham House until 21st with their second

annual Open Art Exhibition up from 22nd.

Featuring works in a variety of media from over

70 local artists, the show is partly curated by staff

at the hotel and a percentage of each sale goes to

support the Rockinghorse Appeal. The show is

free, open daily from 9am to 9pm and runs until

3rd March.

Chalk Gallery take a rest for refurbishment from

1st to 10th and will re-open on 11th with the

raku-fired cows, pigs, sheep and horses of Mary

Clarke taking centre stage.

Mary Clarke John at the Olympic Marathon by Mervyn Hathaway at Pelham House


Beautiful art, affordable prices

Friends by Mary Clarke

A friendly

welcome awaits

you at the

Chalk Gallery

Chalk Gallery

4 North Street

Lewes, BN7 2PA

t: 01273 474477






Until 28 February

Tuesday–Sunday until 18.00, Thursdays and first Fridays until 22.00

183 Euston Road, London NW1 2BE Euston, Euston Square

out of town: art

Holyland, John Bratby, 1961 © The Artist’s Estate The Bridgeman Art Library

Just down the road...

Towner presents Art from

Elsewhere from 23rd; a major

Hayward Touring exhibition

of international contemporary

artworks that have recently been

collected - thanks to a special

programme created by the Art

Fund - by Towner and five other

UK museums. Around 50 works

by 27 significant artists working

in a variety of media examine the

ideas of global change, migration,

postcolonial experiences and

failed utopias. Highlights include

works by Omer Fast, Imran

Qureshi, Yto Barrada, Mohamed

Bourouissa and Jenny Holzer.

Until 3rd April.

Further afield...

From 30th, Jerwood exhibit Everything but the Kitchen Sink Including

the Kitchen Sink; a major show of works by radical realist and original

‘angry young man’ John Bratby. A founding member of the Kitchen

Sink School, prolific painter, writer and enfant terrible on the British

art scene during the 50s and 60s, he died whilst walking home from

the chip shop in his adopted home town of Hastings, just a day after

his 64th birthday. Rather than create a traditional retrospective, the

Jerwood cast their nets about for privately owned works by Bratby,

along with personal recollections, letters and photos. Bratby’s wife,

Patti, has also been involved with the exhibition so expect personal

keepsakes from his studio alongside works from his prolific career.

Tibet’s Secret Temple, at the Wellcome Collection (Euston Rd,

London) is inspired by an exquisite series of 17th century murals

from a private meditation chamber for Tibet’s Dalai Lamas in Lhasa.

Bringing together the Lukhang mural images with a unique set of

objects, the show uncovers stories behind the ancient, esoteric and

once secret practices depicted and their relevance to the growing

interest in meditative wellbeing today. Until 28th February.



Classical Round-up

Britten, Broughton... and bassoons

January is often a

quiet month for music

concerts. Many

of us, I suspect, are

hunkering down

and recovering from

holiday exertions

and excesses. However, for those happy to sally

forth, we have a few goodies this month that will

likely satisfy the need for your classical fix.

First, conductor Andrew Sherman will lead the

Musicians of All Saints in two premieres: the first

performances of Sussex composer Barry Mill’s Bassoon

Concerto, featuring soloist Ian Glen, and Julian

Broughton’s Aria, with solo violin by Mr. Sherman

doing double duty. They will also perform John

Ireland’s Concertino Pastorale and Handel’s Concerto

Grosso in F major, op6 no 2.

Sat 16, 7:45pm, All Saints Centre, £10, 01273 473229,

Next, the young British cellist Ella Rundle will be

featured by the Corelli Ensemble in a programme

including Tchaikovsky’s Serenade for Strings as well

as his Andante Cantabile. Ms Rundle will be soloist

in Spanish composer Pablo de Sarasate’s Zigeunerweisen,

or Gypsy Airs. This 1878 work is based on

Roma folk themes and is one of the composer’s

most popular pieces.

Sun 17, 4pm, Cross Way Church, Seaford, £10-12,

Lastly, I will take off my Viva Lewes writer’s cap

and don my tenorial singing attire for a Nicholas

Yonge Society recital. My pianist is the estimable

Carol Kelly, who also happens to be my estimable

wife, and together we will present a programme

of songs by both British and American composers

called A Very Special Relationship: Song Cycling the

Pond, comprised of Britten’s Winter Words, Barber’s

Hermit Songs, Copland’s folksong arrangements

and a set of songs by Peter Warlock and EJ Moeran.

Fri 22, Sussex Downs College, 7:45pm, £15, nyslewes., or Lewes Travel

Paul Austin Kelly



A cry from the heart

The opening scenes of Abderrahmane Sissako’s

new film, Timbuktu, starkly present

the brutality meted out to Mali’s traditional

culture by occupying forces of Islamic jihadists.

Wooden tribal statues are shot to obliteration;

a terrified gazelle is chased by a truckload of

heavily armed men. As Sissako explained to me

during his visit to the London Film Festival in

October 2014: “The gazelle is our culture; it is

being hounded. It is too weak to fight and can

only run. If the statues being destroyed offer an

objective metaphor, this pursuit of the gazelle

provides a simple vehicle for empathy.”

Timbuktu, nominated for the Best Foreign

Language Film at the 2015 Academy Awards

and playing at the All Saints this month,

portrays a place ruled by religion and a people

traumatized by division. It also honours the

rich and humane traditions of the ancient city

of Timbuktu, and the central place that music

occupies in Malian culture.

The film was shot soon after the French

military operation in Mali to push back the

jihadists in 2013. The impulse to make the film

came as a direct result of the occupation, and

the crimes being committed in its wake. “The

government in Bamako abandoned northern

Mali, and jihadists took over as there was no

social structure, no police, no order.” Yet after

the liberation of Timbuktu – originally seized

by Touareg separatists before their uprising

was hijacked by Al Qaeda-affiliated militants –

Sissako’s plans had to adapt quickly. “The idea

initially was to make a documentary about the

actions of hostile groups whose foreign members

included mostly Libyans and Algerians,

but we had to fictionalise the characters in order

to preserve the safety and security of those

who told us their stories. Then it was a short

step to re-imagining the film as a fictional tale,

but one very much born in reality.” Ironically,

this move from a non-fictional mode to a fictional

one allowed for a more naturalistic mode

of cinema; poetic, lyrical, yet truthful.

This cinematic storytelling is evident in many

scenes based on actual events, such as when a

market fishmonger refuses to wear gloves so

as to hide her hands for modesty’s sake, daring

the armed militants ordering her to do so to

cut off her hands instead. Other seminal scenes

are wonderfully imaginative cinematic devices

to challenge, and ridicule, the draconian laws

of the governing Islamists. Most memorable is

the balletic portrayal of boys playing football



without a ball, thus escaping the iron justice

of the jihadists. This idea arose from the bans

imposed on activities from playing any sport

to performing any kind of music. “This is

forbidding something one cannot forbid. If

you forbid someone to sing, he will sing in

his head; he will sing lullabies in the ear of

his child. You cannot stop him from doing

that.” Sissako says that he decided to film

the football game without a ball, beautifully

choreographed to syncopated music, “to show

resistance. That was important to me,” he says.

“Art must be optimistic.”

However, such optimism is extremely difficult

to sustain. In one of the film’s most

heartbreaking scenes, Fatoumata Diawara,

the young rising star of Mali’s female singers,

plays a powerful cameo as ‘la chanteuse’, a

local young woman who is publicly flogged

after being caught with friends simply singing

and playing music. Her fierce resistance is

encapsulated by her insistence on continuing

to sing, louder and more profoundly, with

each beating. As Sissako explains, this central,

iconic scene was created late in the process:

“Fatoumata heard through the grapevine of

exiled Malian artists that I was shooting the

film, and she contacted me, insisting that she

be a part of it. We talked it through and the

role of ‘la chanteuse’ was born.”

Yet the film contains much ironic humour too,

again using ridicule as a weapon of resistance.

When singing is heard in the town, a dumbfounded

jihadi assigned to root out its source

calls his superiors to ask for instructions since

the music he hears is a song praising Allah.

This comic moment is balanced by more serious

interrogations of the perversions of true

faith by the militant Islamists. Tellingly, the

local imam attempts to uphold the traditions

of benevolent and tolerant Islam and appeals to

a militant leader to refrain from such extreme

brutality, asking, “Where is the mercy?

Where is God in all this?”

This singular moment encapsulates the bravery

and timeliness of such filmmaking, as well

as its authenticity. The film is performed by a

mix of professional actors and local non-professionals

and musicians – most significantly

Ibrahim Ahmed who plays Kidane, an honourable

man who accidentally kills a neighbouring

fisherman in a dispute involving a trespassing

cow that drives the tragic narrative, highlighting

the inequity at hand when such governing

authorities assume ultimate control in meting

out justice. In some of the most emotionally

affecting scenes, Kidane can be seen as

the most contented man in the world – in his

humble tent, with his loving wife and 12-yearold

daughter, and his guitar. Until, that is, his

world is destroyed. Yoram Allon

Sun 24th, 4pm, All Saints, Lewes Film Club


Saturday 6th February 2016

Lewes Town Hall

10am - 3pm

Adults £1.00 Kids free

Seed swap Talks Children’s activities

Community growing projects Café

Usual and unusual seeds and plants

Saving our Bumble Bees -

a talk by Prof Dave Goulson

Pruning Soft Fruit by Tom Maynard

Caring for Roses by Kevin Martin

Tool Sharpening with Peter May



sat 2

Farmers’ Market. Fresh, local produce and lots

of interesting stalls. Cliffe Precinct, 9am-1pm.

Theatre. The Pirates of Penzance. Touring

production by Opera Anywhere of Gilbert &

Sullivan’s masterpiece. Lewes Little Theatre,

7.30pm, £15, £10 for u18s. Tickets from Box Office


Film. X + Y. (12) Developed by director Morgan

Matthews from his own award-winning 2008

documentary Beautiful Young Minds, about young

British mathematicians on the autistic spectrum.

All Saints, 8pm, £5.50.

Sat 9- Sat 16

Pantomime. Robin Hood. Traditional family

panto, with a topical and local twist. Remarkably,

they’ve been going for 68 years! St Mary’s

Social Centre, Sat 2pm & 7pm, Sun 12 noon &

5pm, Tue-Fri 7pm, Monday no performance,

£9/£5/£3. or 01273 477733

Thu 7

Sun 3

Firesite Dash. Run or walk just over four miles

around Lewes, visiting the firesites of the seven

different Bonfire societies. Prizes and trophies to

be won. Railway Land, 11.30am, £5/£4. Finish at

the Snowdrop in time for Sunday lunch.

or 07951000048

Comedy at the

Con! 5th Anniversary


Mandy Muden, Joe

Bor and Lee Hurst

(of They Think It’s

All Over fame) take

to the stage, with

MC Neil Masters. Con Club, 8pm, £7.50-£11.

Tickets from Union Music, or


Sat 9

Film. How to Change the World. Much

recommended documentary about the origins of

Greenpeace and a Q&A with the locally based

director, Jerry Rothwell. Fundraiser for Lewes

District Green Party. All Saints, 7.15pm, £9/£6.,

Sun 10

Fri 8

Food Market. Food and produce from local suppliers.

Market Tower, weekly, 9.30am-1.30pm.

Christmas Tree Collection. Real trees will

be collected for recycling from the following

areas; Malling, Southover, Wallands, Nevill,

Houndean/Barons Down, High Street, Pells and

Kingston. 10am-2pm, minimum £3, proceeds to

local charity.


Lewes District Council

JANlistings (cont)

Mon 11

Talk. Lewes in Art. The excellent John Bleach

gives an overview into how the town and its

surroundings have been depicted from 1600 to

1950. Bring along your own prints and paintings

to share (please email in advance leweshistory@ King’s Church Building, 7.30pm,


Tue 12

Film. National Diploma. (U) An accomplished

fly-on-the-wall documentary follows a group of

Congolese high school students as they prepare

for their National Diploma exam in Kisangani.

All Saints, 8pm, £5.50.

Wed 13

Tour. Behind the scenes tour of The Keep

Archives, including the stores where the documents

are housed and the conservation studio.

The Keep, Falmer, 1pm, free. Booking essential,

limited to 10 places per tour.

or 01273 482349

Thu 14

Talk. Sussex Storms.

Alan Grey, former Head

of Geography and Geology

at Varndean College,

discusses the storms of

2003/4 and their lasting

impact on our local

coastline. Priory School,

7.30pm, £5/£2.

Needlewriters: Poetry & Prose Readings.

Tara Gould reads short fiction, with tributes to

the late Irving Weinman, the renowned poet

and author who founded the organisation. Clare

Best presents new poems from Them, a sequence

about two strangely compatible people who

enjoy a thoroughly dysfunctional relationship.

Needlemakers Café, 7.45pm, £5/£3. Tickets

from Skylark or on the door.

Fri 15

Talk. Bridge Farm, near Barcombe Mills. Rob

Wallace and David Millium present the latest

report on the Romano-British settlement. Town

Hall, 7.30pm, £4/£3, u18s free.

Sat 16

Farmers’ Market. Fresh, local produce (see cabbage

above)and lots of interesting stalls. Cliffe

Precinct, 9am-1pm.

Wed 20

Talk. Lewes in Storm and Flood. A Friends

of Lewes talk focusing on the human impact

of floods and the ‘great storm’ of 1987 on the

people of the town, with personal reminiscences.

Southover Church, 7.45pm, £3. friends-of-lewes.

Thu 21

Memorial event. We Won’t Stand By. Evening

of poetry, song, music and drama, featuring

students from Priory School. Musicians include

the amazing Runamok Collective. Staged by

the Lewes Holocaust Memorial Day Group. St

John’s sub Castro, 7pm, £5.





Pop in

& say



& Useful






JANlistings (cont)

Fri 22

Film. Difret. (12)

When 14-year-old

Hirut kills the leader of

a gang of men who are

trying to force her into

marrying him, she captures

the attention of a

tenacious lawyer who is

willing to risk everything to gain justice for her.

All Saints, 8pm, £5.50.

Sat 23

Party for Patina. Ditch the Detox. Live music,

DJs, cocktails, photo booth, roulette and more.

Town Hall, 7.30pm, £8/£7. Tickets from King’s

Framers, Si’s Sounds or on the door.

Sun 24

Comedy. An Evening with Simon Evans.

Linklater Pavilion, 7pm, £5. coordinator@

Film. Timbuktu. (15) A cattle herder and his

family who reside in the dunes of Timbuktu

find their quiet lives, which are typically free of

the jihadists determined to control their faith,

abruptly disturbed. All Saints, 4pm, £5.50. See

page 44.

Tue 26

Lewes Literary Society Talk. Leading style

columnist and broadcaster Sali Hughes shares

her beauty secrets on and off the page. All

Saints, 8pm, £10.

Fri 29

Talk. End of an era? Has globalisation passed

its sell-by date? Talk by Emeritus Professor

Raphie Kaplinsky, followed by discussion. Elly,

8pm, £3.

Fri 29 & Sat 30

Film. Straight Outta Compton. (15) Biographical

drama about the group NWA, who

emerged from the mean streets of Compton in

Los Angeles, in the mid-1980s and revolutionized

Hip Hop culture. All Saints, Fri 8pm, Sat

4.45pm, £5-£6.50.

Fri 29 & Sun 31

Film. Love and Mercy. (12A) Based on the

life of musician Brian Wilson, showing two key

periods in his life, during the 1960s and 1980s.

All Saints, Fri 5.30pm & Sun 8pm, £5-£6.50.

Sat 30 & Sun 31

Film. Everest. (12A) Inspired by incrediblebut-true

events, Everest documents the aweinspiring

journey of two different expeditions

challenged beyond their limits by one of the

fiercest snowstorms ever encountered by

mankind. All Saints, Sat 8.15pm, Sun 5.30pm,


Wed 27

Memorial event. Don’t Stand By. A rich mix

of words, photos, films and music for Holocaust

Memorial Day. Town Hall, 7pm, free. Doors

6.30pm - arrive early, as last year people had to

be turned away.


gig guide

gig of the month

Even before you’ve listened to her music or heard her pitchperfect

backstory, Angaleena Presley’s name indicates that you’re

dealing with a country music star. The coal miner’s daughter and

native of Beauty, Kentucky is a direct descendant of the original

feuding McCoys, a former single mother and cashier at Wal-

Mart and Winn-Dixie, and a member of the platinum-selling

country supergroup Pistol Annies. Her debut solo album, American

Middle Class, casts a bright, unflinching eye over rural life in

modern America, and scored rave reviews when it was released

last year. In the grand country tradition, Presley paints a bleak

picture of dead-end jobs, teenage pregnancies and drug addiction

through songs that are full of life. She appears at the Con

Club with backing from Lewes’s The Jamie Freeman Agreement.

“I have lived every minute on this record,” she says. “My mama ain’t none too happy about me

spreading my business around, but I have to do it.” Sunday 24, Con Club, 7.30pm. Advance from Union

Music Store: £12 (members £8). Door: £14 (members £10).

january listings

sat 2

Shepherds Arise! Traditional Sussex folk carols

and tunes. Elephant & Castle, 8pm, £6

Ally Mobbs. Electronica. The Lansdown.

7.30pm, free

Sun 3

Dance tunes session. Traditional English folk.

Bring instruments. Lamb, 12pm, free

John Marsh. Acoustic. Con Club, 3pm, free

Open mic. Elephant & Castle, 7.30pm, free

Mon 4

Daphne Roubini. Jazz. Snowdrop, 8pm, free

Tue 5

Dance tunes session. Traditional English folk.

Bring instruments. John Harvey, 8pm, free

Fri 8

Cam Penner. Rock ‘n’ roll folk, plus support.

Con Club, 7.30pm, £10 (members £8)

Sat 9

Wassail. Traditional English folk, with fire and

candles. Elephant & Castle, 8pm, £4

Sun 10

Wildwood Jack. Acoustic. Con Club, 3pm, free

Mon 11

Sammy Mayne. Jazz sax. Snowdrop, 8pm, free

Fri 15

The Captain’s Beard. Pirate folk rock. Con

Club, 8pm, free

Sat 16

Annual Sussex All-Day Singaround. Traditional

English folk. Royal Oak, Barcombe, 11am-

11pm, free

Sun 17

Dance tunes session. Traditional English folk.

Bring instruments. Elephant & Castle, 12pm, free

Mon 18

Quinto Latin Jazz. Featuring Raul D’Oliviera

and Tristan Banks. Snowdrop, 8pm, free

Fri 22

Louisiana Lightning. Country rock ‘n’ roll (see

overleaf). Con Club, 8pm, free


gig guide (cont)

Sat 23

Just Floyd. Pink Floyd tribute act. Con Club,

8pm, £5 (members free)

Molly Evans. Folk singer. Elephant & Castle,

8pm, £5

The Reform Club. Snowdrop, 9pm, free

Sun 24

John Cave, Trevor & Michael Curry and

Iris Bishop & Jim Ward. Folk. Westgate

Chapel, 2.30pm, £5

Mon 25

Chris Coul. Jazz. Snowdrop, 8pm, free

Fri 29

The Kondoms. Rock. Dorset, 9pm, free

Sat 30

John Morgan. Folk. Elly, 8pm, £6

Louisiana Lightning (Friday 22nd)



@ The Con Club















Are you looking to

make a move in 2016?

In the New Year there is a huge spike in

property internet traffic. January shows a 27 %

increase in enquiries over December year on year.

source Rightmove

The Forward Thinking Estate Agency 01273 487444

With its excellent and imaginative

approach, the Steiner Waldorf

curriculum has gained everwidening

recognition as a creative

and compassionate alternative to

traditional avenues of education.

But just how does it feel to be a child

in the classroom, soaking up this

stimulating and rewarding teaching?

“ The number of Steiner students attending Oxford and Cambridge is well above the

National average. Universities favour Steiner school pupils because they’re great

Find out for all-round yourself... thinkers and exceedingly good at their own research.

“This school is a beacon of professionalism among UK Steiner schools and the

children who emerge are confident, articulate, international, open-minded and

grounded, lucky them!” Good Schools Guide

Find out for yourself...

All welcome, please register at 08:30

Tours leave at 09:00 - Closes 13:00

We look forward to meeting you.

Kidbrooke Park, Priory Road, Forest Row. East Sussex, RH18 5JA

Tel: 01342 822275 - Registered Charity Number 307006

Open Mornings

Thursday 28th January 2016 - 08:30

Thursday 3rd March 2016 - 08:30

A Day in the Classroom

Saturday 19th March 2016 - please book

under 16


shoes on now: Brighton Pavilion

Like bears emerging early from hibernation, we ventured out this week to ice

skate at the Royal Pavilion in Brighton. Open every year from November until

mid January, the ice rink offered us the perfect opportunity to work off some

of those mince pies.

At first we took to the ice tentatively, clinging onto the side like nervous fawns.

Whilst my older children found their skating feet with my husband, my toddler

and I made our way to the special area designated for younger children.

Conveniently, the ice rink provides younger children with special ‘bob’ skates

which consist of two blades, making balancing a whole lot easier. Furthermore,

toddlers can cling onto a life-size ‘penguin’ skate aid which they push in

front of them as they learn to skate. Meanwhile my older children soon left the

safety of the sides and, despite a few tumbles, began to skate with increasing confidence around the rink.

We had chosen to go at night and the pretty way in which the lights illuminated the rink made us think of

a Disney fantasy-land where anything could happen. Our hour of skating passed quickly and although my

toddler peaked after 20 minutes or so, the older boys were begging to come back next week and we had

such a fun time that we will be happy to oblige them. Jacky Adams

Open daily from 10am-10pm until January 17th 2016; entry is by ticket only. Onsite café with child friendly

menu. Penguin skate aids are on a ‘first come first served’ basis.

Explore... and experience

our way of learning

Junior School Open Morning

12 January 2016 - 9:30am to 12:30pm

• small classes

• co-educational

• emphasis on individuality

• tailored learning

• 3 to 18 years

For more information please contact: The Admissions Secretary 01273 472634

under 16



What’s on

Until Mon 4

Winter Wonderland Illuminations. Animalthemed

light show, synchronised to music.

Drusillas Park, 4.30pm daily.

Tue 5

Tiny Towner. Weekly drop-in for under 5s.

Get creative and stimulate the senses with

pattern, line and material. Towner, Eastbourne,


Sat 30

Art club. Castle Creatives. Take inspiration

from the Castle and its treasures and explore

the use of clay, past and present, and produce a

piece of work to take home. For children aged

8-12. Lewes Castle, 10am-12.30pm, £8. Booking

essential. 01273 486290 or

Sun 31

Sat 9- Sat 16

Panto. Robin Hood. Traditional family panto,

with a topical and local twist. St Mary’s Social

Centre, Sat 2pm & 7pm, Sun 12 noon &

5pm, Tue-Fri 7pm, Monday no performance,

£9/£5/£3. or 01273 477733

Fri 15- Sun 24

Panto. Jack and the Beanstalk. Family fun

with lots of jokes and songs. The Barn Theatre,

Seaford, Fri 15 & 22 7.30pm, Sat 16 & 23 2.30

& 7.30pm, Sun 17 & 24 2.30pm, £10/£7 (family

ticket £30).

Fri 29- 6 Feb

Theatre. Treasure Island. Lewes Theatre

Youth Group present Robert Louis Stevenson’s

classic. Lewes Little Theatre, Fri 29 7:45pm,

Sat 30 & Sun 31 2:45pm, Fri 5 7:45pm, Sat 6

2:45pm & 7:45pm, £8/£6. 01273 474826

Film. Pan. (PG) 12-year-old orphan Peter is

spirited away to the magical world of Neverland,

where he finds fun and danger, and ultimately

discovers his destiny… to become the

hero who will be forever known as Peter Pan.

All Saints, 3pm, £5-£6.50.

School Open Days

Tue 12, Lewes Old Grammar Junior School

Wed 13, Lewes New School

Wed 27, Sussex Downs College

Thu 28, Michael Hall School

get your

tickets now

Book now for the World Premiere of new

youth opera Nothing. Glyndebourne, 25-27

Feb, £15.

under 16


young photo of the month

This month’s photo was

taken by 13-year-old Lizzie

Archer, in Sheffield Park. We

love the way she’s made it

monochrome, to add to the

bleak feel of the image, as this

tree stubbornly holds onto its

last leaves. Lizzie wins a £10

book token, kindly donated

by Bags of Books bookshop

on South Street. Under 16?

Please email your photos and

age to,

with your contact details and

any comments about why and

where you took the photo.


Producer of

the Year’ *

Mays’ Farm Cart

Quality meats from our pasture to your plate ‘We do it naturally’

From our farm... to

Riverside... to you!

Grass-fed beef and freerange

pork from our

small family farm, plus

locally-sourced lamb,

chicken and game.

Great prices too.


By Cliffe Bridge, Lewes

*Lewes & District Round Table Fatstock Awards 2015


Limetree Kitchen

High steaks on Station Street

As we’re enjoying our

amuse-bouches (Nocerella

Del Belice olives and crispy

home-cured fennel pork

scratchings) I give my companion,

an old friend I’ve

known since Priory School

days, a choice. I’ll let her

pick the most expensive

item on the main course

menu – rib-eye steak (£22)

– if she agrees to let me use

her real name in this review.

There’s a bit of humming

and hawing… then

Caroline - Caroline Wade

that is, from Barcombe -

chooses the rib-eye.

We’re in Limetree Kitchen

on Late Night Shopping Night, and with the

rain pelting down outside, it’s a fine place to be,

all white-painted wood, French-themed posters,

and charming service. We can tell, in fact, from

the quality of the scratchings (the best I’ve ever

tasted, hey) that we’re going to have a good


Caroline’s already sunk a pint and a half of

scrumpy in the Lansdown, so she’s on water; I

choose a large house red (a South African Pinotage,

£4.65) and pretty soon we’re settling into

our starters. I enjoy three extremely succulent

medallions of salmon carpaccio (£8), served on

a black slate with blobs of aioli sauce and other

visually-engaging accoutrements; Caroline

rather plods her way through a large cup of

mushroom soup (£7). I try some of it, and it’s

very tasty, actually, though there’s no chance of

food envy on this course.

But what about the next? I’ve gone for a humble

cut of onglet, the least expensive steak on offer

(£17); not because I’m a

cheapskate, but because I

think it’s a great cut of meat,

often served with skinny

frites in everyday French

cafés. Skinny frites are an

option today, and they arrive

- along with four slices of

meat - in a tin bucket.

Caroline has gone for Dauphinoise

potatoes with her

steak (£22, did I say?), something

she makes at home. It’s

never a good idea, I believe,

to order things you’ve

become an expert at making

in your own kitchen, and,

indeed, I end up finishing

them (yum, for the record)

while she tucks guiltily into my frites. I try her

steak, as well; it’s beautifully tender; but I prefer

the onglet, for its rich, gamey taste.

The dessert, which we have with espresso coffee,

is of the great-fun variety. It’s vanilla icecream,

which comes with a little jug of warm

salted caramel to pour over. The game is to try

to eat the mixture before the ice cream melts. A

plateful of contrasts - salty-sweet, hot-and-cold

– it’s gone in an entertaining flash. Talk about


The chef and owner, Alex, comes to chat

afterwards, and tells us about onglet. It’s technically

offal, he reveals, as it’s an offcut from the

diaphragm: that’s one of the reasons it has such

a powerful taste. Then he heads off, leaving the

evening end-game in the capable hands of the

young French waitress who’s been daintily serving

us all night. I pay the bill (£78.40, before the

tip) and bid adieu to both her and, once outside,

the well-sated Ms Wade. Alex Leith



Photo by Rebecca Cunningham


Butternut squash and white miso soup

John Bayley at Cashew Catering prepares a healthy, hearty winter soup

My interest in cooking and nutrition really

started in my late teens when, like several of

my mates, I decided to become a vegetarian. I

quickly realised that if I was going to keep myself

healthy I needed better kitchen skills and a

greater understanding of nutrition. Ever since,

I’ve done my best to make sure that the food I

prepare for myself and my family at home and

for my customers is nutritionally balanced and


This soup is easy to make, full of protein & vitamin

B and beta-carotene. I like to top it with a

vegan pesto, wasabi and cashew cream, an ume

and raspberry dressing and a sprinkling of shiitake

crisps. This recipe serves two to four.

For the soup:

1kg Butternut (or other) squash

2-3 onions

1 clove garlic

1 can coconut milk

1/4 cup white miso

400ml water

salt (to taste)

Cut the squash into big chunks and rub with a

little oil. Roast the squash and the onions – you

can leave these whole - in the oven at a medium

heat until soft. Then peel the onions and

scrape out the flesh from the squash. Liquidise

them together with the garlic, coconut milk and

water until the mixture is completely smooth.

Gently simmer the soup for about 20-30mins

to cook through that raw garlic that went in,

then take off the heat. Instead of a stock I use

miso paste – you can use any kind but I like

white miso because it’s particularly sweet and

the yellow colour blends into the dish nicely.

Rather than cook the miso – because it’s a fermented

food – I just stir it in at the end. Add a

bit of salt to taste.

The first of the topping is the pesto. This pesto

has a specifically Asian twist to it - you wouldn’t

want to serve it to an Italian! My reasoning behind

it is that with this meal you’ve really got

carbs and vegetables and fermented foods, then

the pesto adds protein from the cashew nuts

and green nutrition from the mix of coriander,

mint and chive.

If you really want to fortify the soup you could

add some red lentils to give it more protein.

Put 15g mint, 15g chive, 15g coriander, 60ml

mild-tasting oil, the juice of one lime and one

lemon, one green chilli, 10g ginger and a tablespoon

of water into a food processor. Add

half a teaspoon of salt, then blitz until smooth.

Add 50g toasted cashews, then blend again until

they are breadcrumb-sized.

To make the wasabi and cashew cream, liquidise

half a cup of cashews, with ¾ cup of water, a

tablespoon of wasabi powder – or horseradish

works just as well – and salt to taste. This makes

about 8-10 servings.

For the ume & raspberry sauce blend a tablespoon

of ume, half a cup of fresh or frozen raspberries,

a teaspoon of agave syrup, and enough

water to make a smooth sauce.

The shiitake ‘crisps’ need roughly two mushrooms

per portion, but do as many as you fancy.

Slice them to about 2mm thick and coat the

slices in oil, then season. Roast on medium heat

in the oven until crisp, making sure you check

them and turn where necessary. If any crisp up

more quickly, take those out first. Leave to cool

and serve. As told to Rebecca Cunningham

North Rd, 07786 226220/


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New Year’s eve!

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Le Magasin

The full anglais

For a while Le Magasin, on Cliffe High

Street, nodded to the fact that it had replaced

the newsagent Moorey’s by selling newspapers

– only a few mind, and I don’t remember any

tabloids – from an antique cabinet. That was

when they had fewer tables, I guess – nowadays

they manage to pack thirty or so covers

into the smallish space, which is just as well,

as when I arrive there’s only one table left

free. It’s Monday, it’s 11.30am, and I am starving

for one of their full English breakfasts.

There’s plenty to look at, as I wait to be

served. A huge iron safe, for example, in

the corner, begging the question who the

hell managed to lift it in. A corrugated zinc

ceiling decorated with silver painted leaves.

Naked pendant light-bulbs reminding you of

anywhere that’s opened in the last three years

in Brighton. Blackboards: enough blackboards

to justify a change of name to ‘L’École’.

The breakfast is splendid, as I’ve been led to

expect. Real meaty bacon, a proper butcher’s

sausage, a perfectly poached twin egg, what I

take to be sourdough toast, button mushrooms,

sweet cherry tomatoes, and best of

all – and I didn’t like the look of them on the

menu – some new potatoes that have been

boiled, cut in half, and fried in their skins. All

this washed down by a second black Americano

(I’d already had one while waiting).

The only reading matter available nowadays

is a discreet pile of Vivas – I’ve already read

it cover to cover, obviously - but the food and

people-watching potential are both high quality

enough to fully absorb my attention. The

damage? A rather posh £12.80. AL


Water Kefir

Full of yeast and promise


on the rise. I’ve

been advised of

this by people

who know these

things. Apparently,


food and drinks

(of a certain kind

– I don’t think

they mean beer)

contain billions

of cultures that

are beneficial for the gut and the immune

system. Ana Frearson of Fermentally has

become a passionate advocate, making and

selling a variety of fermented products

and running workshops on how to make

them yourself. I go along to her stall at the

Weekly Food Market in Market Tower to

meet her. Her tubs of food are in vibrant,

pretty colours. I try the red beet kraut,

ginger slaw and spicy Korean kimchi (made

with cabbage and packed with chilli and

garlic) and salty, but surprisingly delicious,

kale cortido – all £4 a tub. She says they’re

all simple to make – you just mix the ingredients

and leave them to ferment. For this

review I’ve been asked to try her new line of

drinks, £2.50 for a 250ml bottle. She makes

ginger beer and something I’ve never heard

of, water kefir. This is made with water and

kefir grains (which include a yeast/bacterial

fermentation starter). The ginger beer has a

slight effervescence, is vastly less sweet than

most brands and has a whack of ginger that

knocks your socks off. The water kefir tastes

slightly sweet, with a bit of a yeasty backtaste.

It’s certainly an easy way to consume

something virtuous. Emma Chaplin

Ana Frearson, Fermentally. Six workshops in

Jan, two hours each, £25

07900 827839


Edible Updates


Locally sourced and

freshly prepared by

our chefs.


A range of wines,

craft beers and hot

drinks available

throughout the day.



2 Courses £10 ~ 3 Courses £15


Staying for a few days?

…we have a boutique

double room with


Please note this is a typical lunch menu and is subject to change

due to availability of ingredients and seasonal produce


Leek and potato soup with chicken dripping and artisan bread.

Cauliflower pakoras, tandoori, tomato and coriander.


Ginger beer battered halloumi, hand cut chips, pea purée

and smokey ketchup.

Fish pie, sea herbs and leaves.


Ice cream and sorbet - selection of the day.

Caffé Gourmand.

Tea or coffee with homemade treats on the side.

Limetree Kitchen

14 Station Street, Lewes, East Sussex. BN7 2DA

Call 01273 478636 to book your table…

or room.


Illustration by Chloë King

January: the

month cleaneating


have been waiting

for. If you’re

not cutting out

alcohol, sugar,

wheat, dairy and

frankly anything


this month, then I don’t know what magazines

you’ve been reading.

Fortunately, in Lewes we have a whole load

of healthy, organic, locally grown produce

available all year round, including brilliant box

schemes from Ashurst Organics, Barcombe

Nurseries and May’s Farm Cart.

At Pestle & Mortar, you can discover a cleansing

brew in the form of their new Burmese

green teas, or feast on a vegan Thai curry made

with homemade paste, and ‘no shrimp!’ Curry,

of course, is a great way to up your veggies,

and fortunately, Community Chef is holding

a workshop on 30 Jan, making ‘quintessential

Udupi’: pure vegetarian, healing dishes from

Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu’. []

Eating well expert (and this month’s My Lewes)

Tina Deubert is launching her new recipe

collection this month. ‘Cards with a difference,’

she says, featuring all our favourite dishes sold

in Tina’s Kitchen and more; pick up in store.

At the Lewes Friday Market, Ana Frearson (see

page 68) sells homemade fermented vegetable

pickles like sauerkraut and Kimchi. You can

speak to Ana (07900 827839) about attending

her fermentation workshops. ‘Such an interesting

process,’ she tells us, ‘and the resulting food

and drinks are so good for you.’

And those still satisfied with a well-constructed

sandwich, a slice of something sweet and a

good cuppa on a cold day will welcome the new

branch of old favourite The Runaway Café;

now open on Station Street. Chloë King


Hut Therapy

Bed and (wholefood) breakfast

‘Miso soup, for breakfast?’ I wonder, watching

Gilly Webber stir the steamy, seaweedy

broth that I’m used to seeing a bit later on

in the day. Gilly is the host at Hut Therapy,

a Bed and Whole Food Breakfast run from

her home in East Chiltington. I’ve arrived

on a brisk winter morning to sample her

macrobiotic cooking.

Macrobiotic, she explains, means ‘big life’

and stems from oriental principles of the five

types of energy: tree, fire, ground, metal and

water. Tree energy comes from foods which

grow upwards, so the leeks in the miso soup

she’s making, or the barley which the miso

is made from. Fire energy includes foods

which grow outwards, like mushrooms, and

ground energy comes from those which

grow close to the ground, like pumpkin or

squash. Metal energy covers foods which

grow under the earth, like root vegetables.

Water energy really speaks for itself.

We sit down to our first course; the soup is

accompanied by sauerkraut rolls with a tahini

and white miso dip, and some steamed

greens. I’ve quickly become an energy spotter

and am keen to identify the types of energy

found in every single ingredient in the

meal. The carrots, of course, give us metal

energy, while the kale, I think, is tree. But

what about the seaweed? My first thought is

tree energy because of the shape, but then it

does grow under water, so perhaps it’s water

energy? It turns out it’s both.

Gilly goes along with my guessing game for

a while, but really this isn’t what her cooking

is about. “It’s about the balance,” she ex-



plains, “coming into your body and knowing

which foods you need.” She has been

eating this way since suffering ill health

several years ago, a period of her life which

made her re-think what she was eating

and what she needed to be well. It’s not all

about cutting out sugar, or dairy, or gluten,

like many current health crazes, but rather

about gaining a sense of which foods you

need as you go about your life.

Our second course is a millet porridge

cooked with apple and topped with toasted

pumpkin seeds, which I chose a few

days ago from a menu of delicious-sounding

options. Gilly explains that the millet

is ‘grounding’ and believes that even

without knowing why we choose certain

foods, subconsciously we are selecting

those which give us the energies we need.

I’m not sure that I could have known last

week, when I chose the millet, that on this

particular morning I was going to need

grounding. Still I really enjoy talking to

Gilly because she is keen to share with me

what she has learnt through her own experiences,

but she’s not looking to impose

her ideas onto me. I think she can tell that

I’m naturally sceptical, but it’s a learning

process. I think that if I had the chance to

stay for an entire weekend, I might come

out as convinced as she is.

Rebecca Cunningham

Photos by Rebecca Cunningham


the way we work

This month we asked portrait photographer Simon Potter to visit some of the town’s

dentists, but not for a check-up. He’s used his natural, relaxed shooting style to capture a

usually nerve-wracking scenario in an uncharacteristically welcoming light. During each

visit he has asked the practitioner: what’s your tip for white teeth?

Steven Kell, Lewes High Street Dental Practice

“Don’t smoke, see your dentist and hygienist regularly and follow the advice

they have shared with you. If you’re not happy don’t be too embarrassed to

discuss it with your dentist - everything can be sorted!”

the way we work

Mhiran Patel, Albion Dental

“It’s important to limit sources of staining such as tea, coffee and red wine,

as well as giving up smoking for your New Year’s resolution! Discolouration can be due

to a variety of internal and external factors; your dentist can advise you if and

how an improvement can be achieved.”

the way we work

Katie Henry, Lewes High Street Dental Practice

“There are many different causes of discoloured teeth. If you have concerns about the

colour of your teeth then speak to your dentist, who will be happy to discuss your options.

Smoking should be avoided and frequent consumption of certain drinks such as

black tea or coffee will cause more staining.”

Meet Our Team



We are delighted that our Kimberley Carwithen

has just qualified as a solicitor. Kimberley

joined our team in September 2013 to start

her training contract, having completed her

studies to become a solicitor.

Kimberley specialises in residential conveyancing,

wills & lasting powers of attorney.

Outside of work she enjoys trampolining, aerial

hoop, shopping, swimming & socialising. She

also enjoys travelling & tries to visit as many

places as possible - when we allow her any


Our clients say

Efficient, effective & helpful throughout

- thank you, Kimberley & team, for your support

through the sale process

Local, specialist,

quality & affordable


Castle Works

Westgate Street



01273 407 970

the way we work

Hakan Bystrom, St Anne’s Dental

“A good daily hygiene routine, limit intake of black tea and coffee, do not smoke,

see a hygienist regularly, talk to your dentist about teeth whitening”


Store Director Trish Lofting

I’ve been with Specsavers 25 years, in the

Lewes branch for 13. I came from the Horsham

branch with optometrist Louise Finbow and four

other staff. Lewes is a loyal town, so it took a long

time for us to get established, but we are now.

Our customers are 65% glasses wearers, 35%

contact lens wearers and we do about 120 eye

tests a week.

Wearing glasses has become fashionable. I

only started needing to wear them a couple of

years ago, but I’ve grown to like them. I’ve got

ten pairs.

We have about 1,200 different frames to

choose from here. We are trained to help

people find frames that suit their faces. I look at

people and consider what I think will look good

on them, but I’m not always right. There are so

many subtle variations on shape these days. It’s not

just round, square or oblong like it used to be.

The most expensive piece of kit we use is the

electronic eye chart unit.

The biggest changes have been with the

technology we use. We don’t take measurements

manually, it’s all digital. We use an iPad for dispensing.

As well as having the more traditional reading

card, it simulates looking at a mobile phone, because

that’s what people do these days. Customers put

their frames on and we add a device we call ‘Fred’.

Fred’s sensors measure pupil distance, frame size and

work out whether your prescription is suitable for

the frames.

As part of our pre-screening procedure we do

a number of tests. The auto-refractor gauges the

ability of your eyes to focus. It’s a double-checking

procedure and gives us an idea of your prescription

before you have your eye test.

We use the fundus camera for some customers,


my space

Photos by Katie Moorman

particularly those over 40. It takes a photo which

allows a more in-depth look at the back of the eye,

looking for anything abnormal. It’s become part

of the standard eye test, although you used to have

to pay for it. We also do a field-of-vision test with

the visual field screener.

The tonometer checks pressure in the

eyeballs (intra-ocular pressure), it’s the one using

puffs of air. Everyone hates it, but it’s important, it

helps check for risk of glaucoma. In all instances,

we’re looking for anything abnormal, which indicates

that the customer may need a referral.

As told to Emma Chaplin



It’s what sets us apart from the

merely good.

It’s what makes the ultimate

difference to a construction project.

It’s what turns a great job into an

excellent one.

It’s what our clients expect.

It’s what we deliver.

If you have a building requiring

renovation, restoration or

reinvigoration, and you want the

end result to look stunning -

call Nutshell on 01903 217900


Lewes Out Loud

Plenty more Henty

First of all – a very

Happy New Year

and thanks to

several of you who

have given my new

approach to this

page a ‘thumbs-up’.

I don’t do names

but you know who

you are. As far as

2016 is concerned,

for someone like

me who was born in 1936, I have to say I view

the New Year with a fair degree of trepidation.

However, following my tried and tested KTTT

philosophy (Keep Taking The Tablets) I

popped into Boots the chemist locally in late

November to purchase, in addition to the pills,

one of their scribbling diaries for 2016.

You see, I’m not into the other sort of tablets

and an A4 desk diary has been an established

part of my daily routine for at least 25 years.

“We don’t stock them” I was told, “You should

try our big branch in Brighton – they carry

those sort of things”.

Not any more they don’t, as I discovered a few

days later. After much searching upstairs, with

the help of an assistant, we established that

the Nottingham-based company had ceased

to manufacture the iconic scribbler. As far

as it is concerned then, I said to the woman,

2016 won’t happen. She laughed nervously as I

headed back to Lewes and good old WH Smith

in the precinct.

Later in Cliffe, I enjoyed a chat with friend

Caroline who told me she is concerned, like

others, about cars using the road we were in,

parking there illegally and causing difficulties

for pedestrians - especially children. Amongst

other things,

Caroline would like

to see improved

signage in Railway

Lane and she’s

actively pursuing

matters with the

council and hopes

for action in 2016.

As we spoke, we

were passed by

a sizeable 4 x 4

vehicle which compounded the issue by loudly

hooting at a wayward pigeon. “Bollards!”

commented a cheery local woman, overhearing

our conversation. At least I think that was her

comment! “They’ve got ’em in Chichester –

retractable ones… and they work!”

Caroline’s friendly dog, Billy, was not amused

either. I’m told he regularly visits local care

homes and is a great favourite with residents.

I love these impromptu sessions which seem to

be so much a part of our lively town. In 2016

I reckon we should create a Speakers’ Corner

somewhere central – a semi-permanent soap

box where locals could air their views and opinions

in the true spirit of Thomas Paine.

Meantime I’ll have to make do with Cliffe, and

the aisles in Waitrose where numerous issues

are resolved, and not always serious ones. Most

recently I recall a lengthy discussion with John

and Gill from Norton, close-by Bishopstone,

on the varying merits of cherry or lemon drizzle


Finally, I have been asked to identify the

smiling woman in the December issue who

was walking her rescue dogs when we met in

Grange Road. Thank you to Val and I don’t

have the names of her dogs - yet! John Henty



Olivia Rowlands

Lewes Ladies’ medic

Lewes Ladies are used to

beating the odds. Having

fought their way into

the Women’s Premier

League, they now stand

shoulder to shoulder with

sides such as Tottenham

Hotspur, West Ham and

local rivals Brighton &

Hove Albion.

This season, it’s not only

been the vastly superior

resources of their rivals

that the Rookettes have

had to contend with, but

a crippling injury list. At

one point, the entire back

four was out of action, a

couple with problems that

could keep them out for

the rest of the season and


Drafted in to bolster the Ladies physio and sports

therapy section was Olivia Rowlands, who works

with Debbie Bradbury to ensure the women are in

the best possible physical shape. That doesn’t just

mean treating players when they take a knock,

but working with the players and coaches to avoid

injuries occurring in the first place. “I assess the

players coming in for treatment,” says Rowlands,

“either injuries that have occurred during the

game or it can be screening them to see whether

they’re fit to play or not.”

“In collaboration with the coach and the strength

and conditioning coach, we then formulate a plan

for return to play. We also discuss with the players

about how to manage those injuries.”

Rowlands says one of the hardest parts of her job

is convincing players it’s not in their best interests

to cross that white line on a Sunday afternoon.

“Obviously, everyone’s

keen to

play and football’s

their overriding

passion. It’s about

being honest with

the players and

saying ‘if you do

continue playing

with this injury,

the likelihood is it

will get worse’. It’s

about managing

those injuries and

getting people

back into play as

soon as you can.”

This is the first

time Rowlands

has worked in

football. However,

she’s used to a much riskier sport: she used

to be into parkour – running, jumping and rolling

over obstacles – before she settled down into

a day job as a physiotherapist with the NHS. She

says the breadth of the knowledge she’s picked up

working at Eastbourne hospital will serve the club

and its players well. “I rotate between different

areas of the hospital. I’m a very general physio,

but it’s a really good way to start to go into sports

for the long term. I know a lot about neurological

physiotherapy, I know about acute injury management,

I know about respiratory problems, about

intensive care and looking after spinal injuries,”

she says. “All that is very important.”

Given the bad luck with injuries the Rookettes

have suffered this season, it probably won’t be too

long before she can put all those different skills

into practice at the Dripping Pan.

Barry Collins


feature: wild MEDICINE

Nicholas Culpeper

Better living through botany

Exactly 400 years ago, in 1616, a legend was born;

a rebel who partnered up with Mother Nature to

revolutionise British medicine. The herbal hero,

the botanical bad boy, the father of alternative

medicine, ladies and gentleman I give you, Nicholas


Culpeper did his growing up upstream in Isfield.

The lanes around Lewes and the starry Sussex skies

were his classroom and the hedges and the heavens

taught him botany, astronomy and astrology. And

he learnt about love too. In 1634 Culpeper and his

Sussex sweetheart planned a secret Lewes wedding

and a speedy elopement to the Netherlands. But

tragedy struck when his lover’s carriage was hit by a

lightning bolt en route to Lewes. She died instantly.

There’s no cure for a broken heart and Culpeper

left Sussex and started a new life in London. He

threw himself into his work as a lowly apothecary’s

assistant, cataloguing medicinal herbs on

Threadneedle Street. At this time medicine was

only practiced by elite physicians. They would

charge exorbitant prices for their secret remedies

and would not even demean themselves to talk to

patients; instead requesting a sample of urine to

make their diagnosis. Culpeper agreed with them

on one thing; they were all taking the piss. He

believed medical treatment should be available to

all - not just the privileged.

Setting up his own practice in a poorer part of

London, Culpeper started treating 40 patients

a day with herbal cures derived from English

plants. Then he dropped his botanical bombshell.

Culpeper published an incredible book which

instructed people how to pick their own remedies,

free of charge, from the hedges and meadows. The

book was The English Physitian (1652, later enlarged

as The Complete Herbal). His book promoted

and preserved folk remedies at a time when physicians

and priests were discrediting village healers

and preventing them from passing along their

traditional knowledge. The medical establishment

was enraged and accused Culpeper of practicing

witchcraft. But his book endured. In fact it’s been

in continuous print longer than any other nonreligious

English language book.

No doubt Culpeper’s herbal remedies could have

come in useful for some of you over the festive

period; wild privet (for headaches), blackthorn

(for indigestion), rosemary (for flatulence) and the

juice of ivy berries ‘snuffed up into the nose’ (for

hangovers). Culpeper also has cures for those with

sore breasts, worms, itches in the ‘privy parts’ and

bruises. Hey – I don’t know what you lot have been

getting up to over Christmas.

So start 2016 by raising your Nutribullets and

ginseng teas to the healing properties of Mother

Nature and to four centuries of Nicholas Culpeper.

Michael Blencowe, Sussex Wildlife Trust

Illustration by Mark Greco









trade secrets

St Anne’s Pharmacy

Co-owner Debbie Baker

Photos by Mark Bridge

The business is run by me and Karen Smillie.

We first worked together at another pharmacy in

the town: Karen was the manager and I joined as

a technician when I was 16. After several years I

left to do my pharmacy degree but eventually we

got together again and agreed that Lewes needed

another pharmacy, so we put the wheels in motion.

We’ve just celebrated our tenth anniversary of being

in business.

Being an independently owned pharmacy is unusual

these days. There’s a huge amount of background

work, whereas the multiples have a head

office that deals with all the red tape and that sort

of thing. But they haven’t got the flexibility we have.

Most of our business is from prescriptions, not overthe-counter

sales. It’s different for the multiples because

they have a huge retail side.

We buy all the drugs. A lot of people don’t realise

this. So if you go into a pharmacy with your prescription

and they’ve got your medication on the

shelf, it’s because they’ve ordered the products and

are hoping someone will need them. We can buy

thousands of pounds of drugs but it comes out of

our pocket. The NHS will only pay us when we’ve

given a patient the medication that’s listed on their


People tend to contemplate New Year’s resolutions

in January, so it’s a good time of year to think

about health: diet, exercise and giving up smoking.

It’s relatively quiet for us, although the lead-up to

Christmas is absolutely manic. Some people get in

a panic about having enough medication because

we’re closed for four days, which causes a horrendous


There’s a lot we can do to help people manage

their medical conditions. Often your pharmacist

can help with extra information about your prescription.

We also provide a particular service called

a Medicine Use Review, where patients can discuss

how they’re using their medication and what problems

they’re having. You can come in and have a

completely private consultation with a pharmacist.

I wish people would keep their medication in its

original packaging. The appearance of tablets and

packaging can change, which means people can get

muddled up and start taking the wrong amounts.

And please don’t order things you don’t need. The

NHS pays for the medicine - and if it’s not used, the

NHS also pays to have it incinerated.

Sometimes I cringe when people come in and

say “I’ve got flu”. It’s very unlikely you’d be able to

walk in if you actually had flu. I’m a big fan of those

fizzy vitamin tablets like Berocca if you have a cold

or you’re surrounded by people who have colds.

And Difflam Spray for really sore throats. But ask

your pharmacist first! As told to Mark Bridge

50 Western Road, Lewes BN7 1RP

01273 474645







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Contact us for friendly professional advice

01273 840 608 |

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Tel: 01903 706354

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01273 475 557

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icks and mortar

Chailey Heritage

The Commandant’s caring creation

There’s a story about Grace Kimmins’s benevolent

scheming. It was told by her granddaughter,

so it’s probably true. Kimmins was trying to buy

an extra bit of land for her school, but the owner

wouldn’t sell. So she waited for this big event,

when the Bishop of London came down, and

she got up in front of everyone and thanked the

owner for donating the bit of land. And it worked.

Kimmins was born in Lewes in 1870. She’s characterised

as a savvy fundraiser and publicist, a

determined and charismatic figure who knew

what she wanted and had no doubt she could

make it happen. She earned the affectionate

nickname ‘Commandant’.

Living in London as a missionary, working with

poor people, she “realised that there were people

who had disabilities who could work, but weren’t

being given the training, so they were being

marginalised,” says Chailey Heritage Foundation’s

chief exec, Helen Hewitt. “That’s why she

created the Heritage. She came from London

with seven young men who were disabled. She

decided they should be taught a trade.”

This was in 1903. The school was founded in a

decrepit former workhouse, with a leaky roof and

a rat problem and no gas or electricity. The boys

were taught carpentry, and then Kimmins used

her connections to get them apprenticeships.

Admitting girls from 1908, Chailey Heritage

grew until, at one point, it had four sites in the

village and an outpost at Tidemills. The curriculum

shifted away from carpentry and bootmaking

and needlework. As more of a focus on

medical care developed, operating theatres were

built, and children were cared for on nurse-run


The original building, the former workhouse, is

still there. Part of it houses the charity’s offices,

and does feel a bit ancient, with its low beams

and narrow corridors. But the rest of the building

is a modern-looking and immensely well

equipped ‘Life Skills Centre’, for disabled adults.

The school itself is in the latter style; it even has

a wireless ‘wheelchair-guidance system’ in the

corridors, with anti-crash technology.

Nowadays the school deals with much more

complex disabilities than in Kimmins’ time. Of

the 78 current students, more than half need

medically-assisted eating; the vast majority are

‘non verbal’. And yet, the founder’s basic idea –

to prepare students for as independent a life as

possible – is still the school’s ethos.

“We’re committed to their lives being as fulfilling

as they can possibly be, to help them fulfil

every bit of their potential,” Hewitt says. “For

some, maybe it’s the blink of an eye that says

they understand, and they want this rather than

that - for them that’s an achievement, because

they’ve been able to make a choice.

“If you imagine someone with cerebral palsy,

who doesn’t have very much physical control,

but actually has a lot of ability; if the school can

provide the mechanism, whether it’s through

Eye Gaze [eye-tracking computer software], or

a communication book, or even making them

comfortable enough so that they can concentrate

on learning, then that’s absolutely massive.”

Steve Ramsey


usiness news

On a small industrial estate at the edge of Ringmer

is a company that proudly claims to produce

the widest range of wheelchair platforms

and recliners in the world. For example, they

make a portable device that tilts a patient in a

wheelchair, enabling that person to receive dental

treatment without being transferred onto a

dentist’s couch. And there are motorised chairs

that’ll adjust to fit bariatric patients weighing

over 50 stone, making it easier for medical staff

to transfer and treat people on a single piece of

equipment. It means undignified and potentially

dangerous hoists can be consigned to the past.

The company was born from a project at the

University of Brighton. Richard Fletcher was

leading the MSc Product Innovation and Design

course when a London hospital asked for

help designing a wheelchair recliner platform.

Not only did Richard’s solution win an award,

it led to the creation of his own business almost

16 years ago. He’s CEO of Design Specific Ltd,

working with a dedicated staff of five who cover

all technical aspects as well as marketing and


In its way, Design Specific is a very traditional

firm. Every new product starts with a pencildrawn

sketch. Components are ordered from

local suppliers where possible, with all assembly

– including circuit boards – taking place on

site. Yet the results are perfectly suited to

21st-century medicine. Instead of inconvenient

cables and noisy motors, there are silky-smooth

castors, rechargeable batteries and quiet

hydraulic lifts. What’s most notable about the

products is how attractive they are. “We like to

make things that look good”, Richard explains.

“You can have style as well as function.” Meanwhile

John Walters, Design and International

Marketing Manager, talks about a compliment

he was paid at a European trade show. “The

Germans said ‘It looks German’. That was high

praise, as far as I was concerned.”

Last year, Design Specific won the coveted

Award for Business Innovation during the

Lewes District Business Awards. The company

sells its products around the world, so why

did it enter a local competition? “I don’t chase

awards”, Richard tells us. “It was for everyone

here. These guys work hard, they put a lot in. I

wanted to give their efforts an airing.”

And what’s planned for 2016? Richard points to

the motorised ‘fifth wheel’ hidden underneath

their latest bariatric conveyance chair. At the

moment it’s ordered from Germany but will

soon be replaced with a home-grown design.

“They use cams; we’ll be using linear drives.

We’ve done a lot of sketches.”

Mark Bridge

Design Specific, Caburn Enterprise Park, The

Broyle, Ringmer, 01273 813904

The 2016 Lewes District Business Awards

will launch in March. Celebrating excellence

in local business, it’s free to enter and open to

organisations of all sizes and sectors. It’s an opportunity

to give your staff the recognition they

deserve, boost your company profile and - if

you’re shortlisted - enjoy a jolly good night out.

Speaking of awards (and good nights out), our

congratulations to the winners of the 2015 Fatstock

Awards. Prizes went to May’s Farm Cart

for Local Producer, Bone Clothing for Business

of the Year and Mary Masters for Personality of

the Year. Over £8,000 was raised on the night

for Southover Counselling and MIND.



Please note that though we aim to only take advertising from reputable businesses, we cannot guarantee

the quality of any work undertaken, and accept no responsibility or liability for any issues arising.

To advertise in Viva Lewes please call 01273 434567 or email

Directory Spotlight:

intrinsic HEALTH

Ruth Wharton, Biodynamic Cranial

Osteopath and Naturopath;

Jak Measure Licensed Homeopath

and Cease Therapist; Sally Galloway

Nutritional Therapist and

Naturopathic Chef.

RW: We’d known each other for a

long time, and, as established Lewes

practitioners, had the shared vision

of creating a dynamic space where

we can practise in the heart of our

town. We treat people of all ages, sometimes

whole families. The reception is also open for people

to buy homeopathic remedies as well as green

juices and healthy ready meals to take home.

JM: For me homeopathy is an art as well as a science,

balancing the holistic health of mind, body

and spirit. Having an ongoing dialogue with each

patient allows me to address their needs at that

moment and avoid being too prescriptive.

One size doesn’t fit all.

SG: Nutritional Therapy is about

treating the causes of symptoms, and

I am as interested in the individual’s

cellular health as well as what they

have in their fridge. It’s never too late

to be healthy; it’s the body’s default

setting. Everyone can start by drinking

more water, avoiding processed

foods and eating more greens. They

really are a profoundly rich food source.

RW: We all share the view that the potential for

wellness is inside us and – given the right approach

– we can empower people to draw this out. Used at

its best, all of what we do is preventative.

Lizzie Lower

Tuesday to Saturday, 32 Cliffe High Street

01273 958403,




PVC Windows

Timber Windows

Aluminum Windows

Doors and Conservatories

coloured glass splashbacks

Give your kitchen a touch

of colour this summer!

Call for a free, no obligation quote!

(01273) 475123


CP Viva Lewes Ad (Qtr Pg)_62 x 94mm 18/02/2011 1

Colin Poulter


Professional Plasterer

Over 25 years experience

All types of plastering work

and finishes undertaken

FREE estimates

Telephone 01273 472 836

Mobile 07974 752 491





Handyman Services for your House and Garden

Lewes based. Free quotes.

Honest, reliable, friendly service.

Reasonable rates

Tel: 07460 828240


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home & garden





Restoration &


Jack Plane Carpenter

Nice work, fair price,

totally reliable.

01273 483339 / 07887 993396

Mobile 07941 057337

Phone 01273 488261

12 Priory Street, Lewes, BN7 1HH



landscape and garden design

01273 401581/ 07900 416679

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12/11/10 18:24:51

Services include

- Garden Design & Project Monitoring

- Redesign of Existing Beds & Borders

- Plant Sourcing

Call us for a free consultation

Kate Sippetts

Designer Gardener

come & see us at

the farmers’


to lewes and

surrounding areas








RHS hort & BA hons


health & wellbeing

Stella Joy Round 11.15 Viva Ad.qxp_66 12/11/2015 09:

Joy of Movement

neck or back pain?

Lin Peters & Beth Hazelwood


for the treatment of:

neck or low back pain • sports injuries • rheumatic

arthritic symptoms • pulled muscles • joint pain

stiffness • sciatica - trapped nerves • slipped discs

tension • frozen shoulders • cranial osteopathy

pre and post natal

20 Valence Road Lewes 01273 476371

Holistic dance &

movement for health

A guided class combining simple, flowing and easy to

follow steps with mindful movement for adults of all ages,

fitness levels and experience. Feel balanced, connected

and energised as you find your own natural way of

moving in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere.

First taster class £5 (please book)

Lewes - Thursdays 10.30 - 11.30am

Cliffe Hall, St Thomas a Becket, Cliffe High St, Lewes BN7 2AH

5 classes for £40. New term from 7th January 2016

Call Stella on 07733 450631


health & Well-being

OSteOpathy & Cranial OSteOpathy

Michaela Kullack & Simon Murray

Experienced, Registered Osteopaths

Like us on


River Clinic

COMpleMentary therapieS

Acupuncture, Alexander Technique, Bowen Technique,

Children’s Clinic, Counselling, Psychotherapy,

Family Therapy, Herbal Medicine, Homeopathy,

Hypnotherapy, Massage, NLP, Nutritional Therapy,

Life Coaching, Physiotherapy, Pilates, Reflexology, Shiatsu

TheRaPy RoomS avaiLabLe To RenT

open monday to Saturday

For appointments call

01273 475735

River Clinic, Wellers Yard,

Brooks Road, Lewes BN7 2BY


health & wellbeing

Iyengar Yoga

SUBUD, 26a Station St from 11 JAN 16

Beginners + General

Mon 5-6.30pm / Tue 9.30-11am

Wed 9.30-11am /Thurs 6.30-8pm

Intermediate : Mon 6.30-8 / Thu 5-6.30pm

Noticeably improve flexibility,

stamina, mental & physical wellbeing

Ali Hahlo : 01273 479170

Release trauma and live in freedom

Neil del Strother

Senior Journey Practitioner (Dip Psych, MA)

To book an appointment or for further information visit or call 07746 103700

lessons and courses



Singing Lessons – all ages and stages

Preparation for Diplomas, Auditions & Choral Scholarships

ABRSM exam centre for Grades 1 – 8


Regular Performance Opportunities with audience


Singing Rehabilitation therapy programmes


Exploring the collaborative voice between Art & Science

through creative and practical events, delivered by invited,

leading authorities in their subjects.


Singers for every occasion – from soloists to choirs

For more information please visit:

Lewes House 32 High Street Lewes BN7 2LU

Tel: 01273 442362 (answerphone)

Singing Lessons

Experienced voice teacher - DBS checked - Wallands area

07960 893 898

other services

Seeking Cartoonist

2 Bed High Street Flat

To Let - Lewes

Newly refurbished

Castle & Downland Views

£1100 pcm

available soon, for details call 07947 453860

other services


We can work it out





T: 01273 961334





Andrew M Wells Accountancy

99 Western Road Lewes BN7 1RS

Andrew Wells_Viva Lewes_AW.indd 1 25/06/2012 09:05

inside left

smooth operator

There were two big revolutions in the design of the bicycle, and they both took place just before this

picture – entitled ‘Mr Jefferies and friends on machines’ - was taken, at the back of Reeves studio, on the

High Street. This was some time in 1894.

The first was the invention of the ‘safety bicycle’, as opposed to the penny farthing, on which both

wheels were the same size, and a chain joined the pedals to the back wheel. The basic shape of bicycles

has changed very little since. The second was the development of the pneumatic tyre, which increased

the top speed of the bicycle by a third, and made it a considerably more comfortable riding experience.

The chap on the right of the picture – the one with the smile, which we’re presuming is Mr Jefferies

– has got pneumatic tyres on his bike, the other two haven’t, they are still on ‘boneshakers’. In fact the

right-hand bike, according to cycling history expert Ian McGuckin, is “quite a swanky machine, with a

chain guard, and quite a complicated front brake. The other two [bikes] are fairly generic, and both have

cushioned tyres (a last attempt by the makers to stave off the rise of pneumatics).” The fourth man has

no bike at all; he is in the classic pose of the time-trial assistant, holding the rider back until the clock

starts ticking. Time-trialling was a British invention, as simultaneous racing was banned on public roads,

and so cyclists took to competing against the clock.

Notice that the four chaps have all got cap badges on, and that they are dressed in similar gear. This is

very much the cycling club gear of its time, with jackets, and knee length socks over the trousers – very

different from today’s light-weight Lycra. Which racing club the chaps belong to is a mystery: Chris

Martin, archivist of the Lewes Wanderers, tells us that the original incarnation of that club (which folded

before WW2, reformed shortly afterwards, and is still going strong today) was founded in around 1894,

but did not have a shield-shaped badge. We assume these gentlemen must have been based in or around

Lewes, or they wouldn’t have been using the Reeves studio. If anyone could shed any light on the matter

we’d be much obliged. Picture courtesy of Reeves, 159 High Street, 01273 473274/


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