Green Tech Magazine by Eco World Styria November 2015

ecoworldstyria

Green Tech Magazine

by Eco World Styria

November 2015

Climate

Action

Photo credit: FDT facade design technology

Green service innovation

Smart façade of the future

Gigantic solar district heating


2 GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

Table of Contents

Dear Readers,

Page 4

Climate innovations from

the Green Tech Valley

Page 6

Well-informed: Systematic

recycling of construction waste

It’s time to act! This is how one could describe

the joint ambition to work out framework

conditions for the stabilisation of the global

climate that unites the countries attending the

World Climate Summit in Paris. The fact that the

U.S. and China are now also willing to take steps

towards clean power gives reason to hope.

In the Green Tech Valley the course has already

been set for a climate-friendly future. The innovative

technologies developed here are in demand

around the world and facilitate bridging the gap

between the economy and climate protection.

Photo credit: ANDRITZ HYDRO

Page 7

Giga(ntic) pioneering work: Solar energy for

the district heating network of Graz

Photo credit: iStockphoto.com/likstudio

Page 10

The new façades: smart, intelligently

rehabilitated and recyclable

The hydro power specialist ANDRITZ HYDRO, for

instance, provides new turbines for control energy

and, in turn, stable grids. Other new developments

include the use of leftover agricultural

waste such as corncobs in the shape of pellets.

These and other examples also exemplify the

thriving partnership between climate protection

and a powerful industry in the Green Tech Valley.

Other important topics on the path to the energy

turnaround include smart façades turning

even buildings that start to show their age into

plus-energy buildings and solar district heating

on a gigawatt scale as conceptualised for the city

of Graz. This marks an effort unique in the world.

Photo credit: Steiermark Tourismus/Harry Schiffer

Page 12

Personal mobility

on trial

Photo credit: Vertical Magic Garden

Page 14

Success with green

service innovations

We wish you a pleasant and sustainable reading

experience with the autumn edition of the

Green Tech Magazine!

Photo credit: Fotolia.com/Aleksei Demitsev

Photo credit: dieindustrie.at/Mathias Kniepeiss

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GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

3

WorldNews

CO 2 trade reform

The EU’s climate-related goal until 2030 is to reduce greenhouse gas

emissions by 40 percent compared to 1990. To achieve this goal,

European trade with CO 2 certificates (the respective law was passed in

2005) will also be reformed. Starting in 2019, some 1.5 billion CO 2

pollution rights, representing some 25 percent of the overall volume, are

supposed to be removed from the market. The shortage is supposed to

increase prices, giving companies more incentive to invest in

climate-friendly technologies and environmentally friendly production.

www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0

This is how the EU wants to reform emission trade

CO 2 certificates/year in million tons

Reduction to one

quarter in 15 years …

2013 14 15 16 17 18 19 2020 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 2028

Source: BMUM example calculation

Photo credit: iStockphoto.com/marcstock

Clean power, come in, please!

Barack Obama’s Clean Power Plan envisages climate protection goals

similar to those of the EU: Until 2025, the Americans want to reduce their

greenhouse gas emissions by 26 to 28 percent compared to 2005, among

others by utilising a range of legal measures and reducing power plant

emissions. China will, for the first time, introduce an upper limit to CO 2

emissions. The UN’s Climate Summit 2015 will show how serious the nations

take their climate policy. www.epa.gov

Renewables on the rise

Renewable sources of energy are on the rise around the globe. A total of 138 countries, among which all

European nations and 95 emerging countries, already promote their expansion. In the field of heating,

biomass continues to be the driving force among renewables. When it comes to power, Europe already

generates more electricity from renewable sources than with conventional plants. The performance of solar

power is particularly impressive – its production rose from 2.6 to 139 GW of nominal output in just the past

ten years. By the way: Globally, some 56 percent of all newly built power generation plants are “renewable”

ones, in the EU it’s 72 percent! Hydro power moves forward, too. In 2014, hydro power plants totalling an

output of 39,000 MW were taken into operation around the world. www.iwr.de

Photo credit: Fotolia.com/Andrei Merkulov

Wolfgang Jileks Cartoon

Grraphic: Wolfgang Jilek


4 GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

50

Photo credit: Saubermacher

Photo credit: ANDRITZ HYDRO

SAUBERMACHER. The company is a pioneer in the

processing of substitute fuel.

ANDRITZ HYDRO: New technologies contribute to

network stabilisation using renewable energy.

40

GHG emissions (GtCO2-eq/year)

Global climate innovations

from the Green Tech Valley

Some 50 billion tons of CO 2 equivalents are emitted around

the world annually. The World Climate Summit in Paris

has the chance to create the framework for a sustainable

climate – new solutions can help achieve that.

1980 1985

30

27 Gt

1975

Annual CO 2 emissions 1970–2010

1907

Judging from the movement that has grasped

the U.S. (Clean Power Plan) and China, the

willingness to solve climate-related challenges

stabilised using new possibilities. Beyond expensive

storage systems and control energy, hydro

power plants can significantly contribute to this in

natural bay closed off with a dam to generate

power. Tidal current turbines represent another

innovation. These are freely positioned on the

together seems stronger than ever. The entire

the future. ANDRITZ HYDRO, the world’s techno-

ocean floor and utilise the sea’s strong currents at

expert community expects the Paris summit to

logical leader in the field of hydro and tidal power

selected spots. Using ANDRITZ technology, the

yield clear political signals. Technological innova-

plants, delivers solutions for this purpose. One

world’s first tidal lagoon power plant is currently

tions from the Green Tech Valley prove that climate

such solution is an innovation regarding Francis

being built in Swansea Bay in Wales in the United

protection – in the shape of substantial reductions

turbines allowing for faster control procedures in

Kingdom.

in emissions – and a powerful industry can go

hand in hand.

hydro power plants without impeding the plants’

life time. However, ANDRITZ HYDRO also develops

New energy from leftover biomass

Network stabilisation using green energy

completely new technologies, for instance in the

area of tidal power, one of the most promising

Using the new “crawler burner” technology, the

Styrian biomass heating system manufacturer

Due to highly volatile energy sources such as wind

additional sources of future power generation.

KWB based in St. Margarethen an der Raab has

and solar power, the networks of the future will be

Tidal power plants are salt water plants using a

introduced a new generation of woodchip


GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

5

Photo credit: Fotolia.com/Michael Ebardt

Photo credit: iStockphoto.com/

ClarkandCompany

49 Gt

Regional agricultural substances: A pellet factory

for corncobs is built in the Green Tech Valley.

Green brewery: The insight gathered in Leoben-

Göss are currently being put to use in Portugal.

2010

2005

38 Gt

2000

1995

1990

heating system to the market. The innovative

Their experience in the production of substitute

one of the Heineken group’s 130 breweries/

high-performance burner is equipped with a

fuel is supposed to be exported to the United

malting plant locations around the world.

circumferential grid whose links and function

Arab Emirates with further developments.

All of these market-ready solutions show that a

remind one of a crawler vehicle. It is highly flexible

when it comes to the type of fuel. Thus, it can also

Climate “lever” made from steel

global climate agreement can yield a double

benefit.

be used with regional agricultural substances.

With their Green Steel, INTECO melting and cast-

Heating thus becomes 80 percent cheaper when

ing technologies, the world’s leader in special

compared to oil and CO 2 emissions fall by 98 per-

metallurgy from Bruck an der Mur, contributes to

Source – GHG emissions (GtCO2-eq/year, source: IPCC2014)

cent. In Spain, this system, for instance, uses olive

stones to generate heat. At the moment, it’s

agricultural pellets that fire climate-friendly

business in the Green Tech Valley. These days, a

pellet factory for corncobs is put into operation

with the support of the biomass association and

will be gradually expanded to the largest in

Central Europe in the mid-term.

Sustainable industry

Cement works rank among the biggest CO 2 emitters

in the industry. The emission reduction potential

they present is correspondingly great. Depending

on its composition, one ton of substitute fuel

can save between 1.5 and 2 tons in CO 2 emissions.

Saubermacher, a company based in Graz, points

the way in this field. Together with Lafarge Perlmoser,

Saubermacher has been running Austria’s

largest substitute fuel processing plant since 2003.

climate-friendly steel production. To be precise,

INTECO’s solutions allow for a 30 percent cut in

CO 2 emissions during steel production in European

smelting furnaces. “In China and the rest of

Asia, reductions of up to 70 percent are feasible.

Globally, 50 million tons of CO 2 can thus be saved,”

Herwig Brauneis-Weber, Environmental Manager

at INTECO claims.

Solar energy in the industry

The objective of the Heineken pilot initiative

called Green Brewery which was implemented at

the Göss brewery in Leoben is to gradually lower

the CO 2 emissions in beer production to zero. The

insights gathered in the process and newly developed

technologies such as solar-based mash production

including hot water energy storage system

are currently implemented on location in

Vialong in Portugal. The malting plant in Vialong is

“It would be a great

success if the Paris

summit resulted in the

creation of a functional

market for CO 2 trade.”

Karl Rose, Member of the World

Energy Council, in London

Photo credit: World Energy Council


6 GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

Construction site treasure hunt

Recycling of construction waste in the EU is to be increased to at least

70 percent by 2020. With the new construction waste manual, the

province of Styria now presents a practical online tool.

In Austria alone, a whopping 30 million tons of

construction waste accumulate every year. Off

to the landfill? Certainly not! Examined closer, construction

waste turns out to be a real treasure providing

plenty of secondary raw materials. Due to

the fact that the new Austrian Building Material

Recycling Code comes into effect in January 2016,

the province of Styria has prepared the new

guidelines in a practical manner using the internet.

“The manual supports users in optimally exploiting

the waste-related regulations, saving costs

and facilitates dealing with the authorities,” Styrian

Minister Johann Seitinger explains and stresses:

“In the 21 st century, resource management is

becoming one of politics’ most important tasks.

Recycling of products based on limited resources

is correspondingly important.”

With the helpful tool, Styria also once again paves

the way to meet the EU’s Waste Framework

Directive stipulating that at least 70 percent of

construction waste is to be recycled by 2020.

Commitment to the recycling

of construction waste

Regarding content, the manual’s forerunner is the

Styrian Construction Waste Initiative” which was

developed by the province of Styria’s department

14 and whose members include the Styrian State

Builder’s Guild, Chamber of Civil Engineers and

experts from Graz’ customs office. This initiative is

aimed at putting together important information

on the proper handling of construction waste in a

usable manner and making it easily accessible

over the internet. Clients, planners and recycling

companies can thus inform themselves equally.

The information in the manual is supposed to

make it possible to increase recycling of construction

waste in Styria, regarding both quality and

quantity. The manual is also available in a version

for smartphones.

All around well informed

The manual’s content stretches from the implementation

of demolition and excavation

work to planning to official

licensing procedures. It furthermore

provides answers

to questions arising in the

course of construction

projects, such as: Who can

help with the pollutant

analysis? Which substances

can actually be recycled? What

do I have to keep in mind when

delivering the final construction

waste to the landfills?

Photo credit: shutterstock.com/auremar

Planner

Recycler,

landill

operator

Client

Construction,

demolition and earth

moving companies

Authority

All questions regarding recycling of

construction waste have been clearly

arranged in the province of Styria’s

current construction waste manual.

www.baurestmassen.steiermark.at

Diagram: Province of Styria


GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

7

Photo credit: Steiermark Tourismus /Harry Schiffer

Solar district heating in Graz

The sun will shine on Graz’ district heating network from 2020. Collector surface of up

to 1 million m² is simulated for the project which is unique in the world. Solar energy

specialist SOLID, the City of Graz and Energie Steiermark thus analyse scenarios.

Just how much energy does the Graz district

heating network deliver to residents in

greater Graz? It’s some 1,200 GWh annually,

distributed all over the network. Previously, this

demand was met using waste heat from combined

heat and power plants (CHP) while solar

power plants and industrial waste heat were

used to balance summer base loads. However, as

CHP efficiency is based on the sale of electricity

and as the latter’s parameters are currently

changing, solar heat generation is the order of

the day.

Therefore, Graz’ district heating network is

supposed to be massively supplied with solar

energy by the year 2020. “To be able to assume a

strategically meaningful position, solar heat must

be available any time to react to the network’s

load demand and cannot just be based on the

availability of sunlight,” Christian Holter, General

Manager of the solar energy experts SOLID says.

This is why the company is testing various systems

for their possible applications together with the

City of Graz and Energie Steiermark.

20 m 2 mega modules

A giga(ntic) project second to none in the world:

It involves the simulation of facilities covering up

to 50 percent of the heating demand using solar

energy – several hundred gigawatt hours. Just

the size of the collector surface required for this

extends to up to one million m². The modules

themselves can measure up to 20 m², thus being

ten times larger as standard modules. When it

comes to technical solutions, classic flat collectors

in a temperature area of up to 120 degrees

Celsius are optimally suited, according to Holter.

“They are more reasonably priced than evacuated

tube collectors and better suited for the

local weather conditions than concentrated

collectors.”

Austrian-Danish collaborations

In the simulations, SOLID collaborates with a

Danish partner that brings much experience in

the area of the fulfilment of communal, solar heating

demand into the playing field. However, the

facilities there are significantly smaller than that of

this project in Graz. Thus, the Styrian green tech

pros once again perform true pioneering work.

And even though they currently face a “thousand-point

task list”, Christian Holter is optimistic

to be able to stick to the schedule. “It is a sporting

challenge, but it can be done,” Gerald Moravi, General

Manager of Energie Steiermark Wärme GmbH

agrees. “What makes this project special is the fact

that it might become a best-practice example for

other major cities in Central Europe.”

That means sunny prospects for the residents of

greater Graz and similar cities. Thanks to the

Styrian project, they will be able to enjoy solar district

heating at an entirely new scale in the future.

Photo credit: SOLID/www.solid.at

Graz district

heating station: At

2,500 m², the collector

array represents the

largest solar district

heat input system

in Central Europe. It

furthermore marks a

relevant contribution

to the improvement

of the future plant by

field-testing various

collector types.


8 GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

FRESH GREEN TECH ★★★★★ FRESH GREEN TECH ★★★★★ FRESH GREEN TECH ★★★★★

FRESH

Photo credit: EcoCan

Smart light guidance foil

boosts LEDs efficiency

No matter where modern luminous diodes are used to provide light, they are the most

energy-efficient means to do so. True to its name, the new LED Booster allows them to shine

even brighter. Behind this name lies an innovative light guidance foil developed by EcoCan that

allows energy savings of up to 70 percent in combination with LED reflectors and the light emitting

diode through optimised reflection characteristics and allows light to be directed to where it is

needed. The idea was created in ECO’s Green Tech Innovators Club. www.ecocan.at

A new dimension of exhaust gas

cleaning for Texas

In Texas, CTP Chemisch Thermische Prozesstechnik GmbH, a company from Graz, helps

the cement producer Hocim dealing with its exhaust gases. One of the world‘s largest

exhaust gas facilities in the cement industry will be put into operation in Midlothian in

2016. Utilising, among others, regenerative thermal oxidation, it is capable of disposing of

420,000 Nm 3 /h of exhaust gas. The project involves the supply and installation of the

entire plant including pipework conversion. www.ctp-airpollutioncontrol.com

Photo credit: CTP

Graphic: Prozess Optimal

Efficient use of raw materials

in the chemical industry

Optimising processes in the chemical industry is a highly complex undertaking, especially when the

starting material changes regularly. Conventional mathematical extrapolation leads to errors, thus

posing process risks. Prozess Optimal and Vienna‘s University of Technology (CEET) have developed new

real-time optimisation methods using thermodynamic models. These are capable of visualising processes

simultaneously and can define precise optimisation parameters in real time. This saves resources and

energy, makes processes safer and improves efficiency. www.prozess-optimal.at

Algae as a base material for cosmetics

Algae have been the first plants to emerge on our planet and not only nurture the

oceans but in the future will also keep us young and healthy on the inside and

outside. This is made possible by astaxanthine, a natural pigment whose effect tops

that of Vitamin E 100 to 500 times. It is extracted by means of a new algae reactor system

developed by BDI – BioEnergy International AG. The exciting part about it is that the

material can be used in areas such as cosmetics, the pharmacological industry or as a

nutritional supplement. The facility will be put into operation in 2016. bdi-bioenergy.com

Photo credit: BDI


GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

9

GREEN TECH

★★★★★

FRESH GREEN TECH ★★★★★ FRESH GREEN TECH

Photo credit: AHT

Europe’s most ecological

discount supermarket

The greenest discount supermarket in Europe was opened in Denmark. There, the waste heat of

cooling shelves heats the floors via an elaborate heat recovery system. The innovative technology

responsible for this was supplied by the cooling and refrigerating leader AHT Cooling Systems from the

Green Tech Valley. The large cooling shelves from the VENTO Green product line used in this supermarket are

using the environmentally friendly refrigerant propane (R 290) to keep the merchandise fresh – a world-first.

Speed-regulated compressor controls and the insulated glass lid ensure the ready-to-plug-in freezer

cabinets’ high energy efficiency. Furthermore, the devices can be linked using a BUS system. www.aht.at

Light PVP modules turn

glasshouses into power stations

The high-performance greenhouse modules developed by PVP Photovoltaik from

the south of Austria supply glasshouses with self-sufficient power for pumps

and ventilation or air humidification systems. The special, tailor-made ultra-thin glass

modules consist of two 1.6 mm panes of solar glass weighing only 9 kg/m² of module

surface and at a laminate thickness of just 4 mm. Glasshouses can be easily retrofitted

with the modules without having to reinforce their structure. www.pvp.co.at

Photo credit: PVP

Photo credit: pixabay.com/Simon

Smart sensor guarantees

power supply

Wind turbines are supposed to rotate in any kind of weather yet they are shut down

by means of a safety stop system in case of ice throw danger which affects their

energy yield. Eologix sensor technology from Graz has developed a flexible, wireless sensor

for rotor blades. This sensor measures the temperature and detects ice on the rotor blades.

Using this reliable data, wind turbines can remain connected to the grid for a longer time.

The sensors are already used all over the world. www.eologix.at

Intelligent irrigation

technology for Brazil

The efficiency of irrigation systems is greatly influenced by large areas, varying terrain and

wind conditions. The Bauer Group, a global specialist for irrigation technology located in

the Green Tech Valley, meets the challenges with intelligent solutions and opens a new

production hall in São Paulo, where pivot systems and Rainstar drum sprinkler machines will be

produced in the future. GPS-guided systems, precise direction control and high-quality

technology assure perfect irrigation. www.bauer-at.com

Photo credit: Bauer Gruppe


10 GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

The new façade is intelligent,

eicient and individual.

The image shows a building

whose façade was designed

by AEE INTEC.

Intelligent

façades

Where does the journey lead to when it comes to façades?

And how intelligent can we expect building envelopes to be?

The Green Tech Valley provides the answers: The next generation

of façades is smart, intelligently rehabilitated and recyclable.

“Our multi-functional

façade system turns older

buildings into plus-energy

houses in the course of

rehabilitation work.”

Werner Weiss, General Manager

of AEE INTEC – Institute for

Sustainable Technologies in Gleisdorf

Photo credit: AEE INTEC

The energy efficiency of buildings is a significant

pillar in the “energy turnaround”. At the

moment, their heating and cooling systems are

responsible for some 40 percent of the annual

power consumption in the EU. In the light of such

dimensions, the next generation of buildings –

especially their envelopes – will be of decisive

importance. Demands towards buildings are high:

They are supposed to consume a minimum of

energy while combining optimal indoor climate

and architectural quality. Besides new developments,

the rehabilitation of existing buildings is

vital. In the Green Tech Valley, building rehabilitation

is already done intelligently and new buildings

are erected in smart ways.

Manufactured industrially and individually

The start-up wInterface from Graz revolutionises

the thermal rehabilitation of façades. wInterface

produces “tailored suits” for buildings – industrially.

Tiny drones automatically take measure and supply

data allowing direct digital planning. Production

takes place in the production hall. “Here, the façade

elements which are based on the precise 3-D model

of the building, are manufactured under ideal

conditions and regardless of the weather. On location,

they can be installed very quickly. In case of

large pre-fabricated buildings, installation takes a

week instead of several months as was previously

the case,” founder Wolfgang Winter explains. Furthermore,

wInterface façades can be easily covered

with solar panels, removed and recycled.

New standards for old buildings

Pre-manufactured active (equipped with solar

panels and solar-thermal systems) and passive

façade modules help in overcoming barriers such

as costs, technological deficiencies and user

acceptance during rehabilitation. AEE INTEC –

Institute for Sustainable Technologies in Gleisdorf

provides solutions. “Our multi-functional façade

system turns older buildings – including multi-family

homes – into plus-energy houses in the

course of rehabilitation work,” Werner Weiss, General

Manager of AEE INTEC, illustrates. According

to him, research in existing buildings is important

since new buildings only amount to one percent

when compared to rehabilitated ones.


GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

11

Photo credit: AEE INTEC

Green façades

Vertical greening of the interior and exterior of

buildings in the shape of modules is what Vertical

Magic Garden from Hartberg, north of Graz,

focusses on. Nature in the shape of thousands of

plants adds charm to façades (as recently demonstrated

at a multi-story car park in the old part of

Baku) – but also provides a cooling effect. “Our vertical

gardens function like an efficient and natural

air conditioning system,” the company’s founders

Harald Eichhorn and Johannes Leitner explain.

They continue to stress that such systems are a big

topic, especially in urban heat hotspots. Vitalisation

of urban spaces using plants is the next big thing.

the problem that the separation and recycling of

conventional heat insulation materials currently

requires high technical and financial effort due to

the mixing of mortar and insulation panels. The

new façade system represents an evolution of the

predominant thermal insulation composite system.

This innovation was awarded the European

Recycling Award 2015.

Intelligent and back-ventilated

Thomas Buchsteiner has found a niche in the

design of modern façades. His company FDT

façade design technology with headquarter in the

skiing hotspot of Schladming has specialised on

challenging and highly individualised façades.

“We strive to find every possible solution for our

customers and architects,” Buchsteiner says. This

also shows in a variety of façade materials, from

terracotta to timber and natural stone to metal,

glass and fibre glass. Thus, FDT-façades can

manufacture building envelopes that consciously

reflect what the company stands for. Thanks to

FDT-Thermico, an in-house development, their

façades additionally achieve up to 40 percent

better u-values. What this specifically means is

that heat bridges are eliminated which significantly

reduces insulation thickness, maximises

ventilation and minimises operating expenses.

Recyclable façades

The EU, too, calls for a generational shift regarding

façades. By 2020, 70 percent of the building materials

are to be recyclable. Together with Sto, a specialist

for heat insulation on façades from Villach,

researchers at the Technical University of Graz

Institute for Architecture Technology have developed

a new, recyclable and partially reusable

façade insulation system. It provides a solution to

On the left:

Vertical Magic Garden

provides building air

conditioning that

does without energy.

On the right: A façade

made by FDT façade

design technology.

Photo credit: Vertical Magic Garden

Photo credit: FDT- façade design technology


12 GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

300

250

200

150

100

50

0

Greenhouse gas emissions [gCO2-eq./car-km]

Car, by drive power

Electricity from natural gas

Electricity

UCTE-mix

Electricity from solar

power incl. storage

Electricity from hydro-power

Diesel/petrol

Biodiesel

from canola

Renewable hydrogen

hydro-power

Bio fuel from wood

Real-world energy demand per vehicle [kWh/100 km]

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

Source: JOANNEUM RESEARCH

Real-world guidelines

for greenhouse gas

emissions and energy

demand: The environmental

friendliness of

the vehicle increases

with the eiciency of

the cars in question and

the degree of renewability

of the energy

used. Most of the time

– but not always –

electric is better.

Photo credit: Fotolia.com/

Aleksei Demitsev

Global individual mobility survey

On order from the IEA, the International

Energy Agency, JOANNEUM

RESEARCH has conducted the first

global environmental balance on the

life cycle of conventionally powered

cars versus electric cars, from their

production to their use and disposal.

Ecologically, what is the next best choice after

walking, taking the bicycle and using public

transport? Generally speaking, the answer depends

on the local environmental issues (e.g. particulate

matter) and the manner of power generation. Most

of the time, however, electro mobility tops the ecological

ranking.

At the moment, more than 700,000 electric cars are

used globally (as per the end of 2014). However,

only the generation of green power will increase

the climate-friendliness of e-mobility. In rural areas,

where fossil-fuel power stations produce most of

the energy (e.g. in China), conventional, highly efficient

drive systems still prevail. Bio fuels such as

biodiesel or renewable hydrogen are another way

to get ahead. “Overall, electric cars emit 20 percent

less greenhouse gas emissions compared with conventionally

powered cars. Particulate matter emission

falls by 60 percent and ozone gas emission

regarding NOx and hydrocarbon by about 30 percent,”

Gerfried Jungmeier from JOANNEUM

RESEARCH states. Taking into account the production

of batteries and their ecological effects, the balance

shifts towards conventional drive systems. It is

therefore indispensable to expand renewable energies,

promote the efficient recycling of batteries

and focus on energy-efficient driving modes.

The analysis also examined the situation in Austria.

Austria’s approximately 3,500 electric cars likewise

leave their petrol and diesel powered siblings in the

dust when taking into account their life cycle. The

life-cycle balance: 40 percent less greenhouse gas

emissions, 65 percent less dust emissions and 60

percent less emissions with ozone-generation

potential.

In summary, these results make it abundantly clear

how interesting it is to switch to electro mobility.

www.joanneum.at

“There are some

700,000 electric cars

in the world. Compared

with conventionally

powered vehicles, they

generate 20 percent less

greenhouse gas emissions

in their entire life cycle.”

Gerfried Jungmeier,

JOANNEUM RESEARCH

Photo credit: JOANNEUM RESEARCH


GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

13

GREEN LIFESTYLE

There is more in it

than meets the eye

This bag has a lot to offer: First of all, thanks to its water-proof inside,

one can perfectly pack snacks and sandwiches with it and secondly,

being made of organic cotton, it is one of the most sustainable of its kind.

The bag named Keep Leaf Wrap Lunchwrap comes in a variety of different

designs: The fabric is adorned with flowers and fruits, aeroplanes, hearts

and much more. Furthermore, it is non-toxic and machine-washable. To

keep things from slipping, the unique ecological

Photo credit: pureandgreen.at

snack bag is held together by

means of a Velcro fastener.

www.pureandgreen.at

Photo credit: ERMELLINO

Fair travelling

Young, smart, fair: These are the attributes the

first design label from Graz called

ERMELLINO-Lifestyle takes to heart – or rather, as it

were, to the pedals. For with their Bambooride, the

Ermellino team proves tremendous sure-footedness

when it comes to green mobility. The designer

piece’s frame is made in Uganda – under fair conditions,

of course – and the connecting parts are

wrapped in the traditional Ugandan material of

bark cloth which is made from the bark of the fig

tree. Final production takes place in Austria.

Depending on its size, the frame weighs up to 2.9

kilograms. And how does it feel to ride a vehicle

made from bamboo? Give it a try: ERMELLINO

invites you to take a test ride. www.ermellino.at

Photo credits (2): photo-austria.at/

Herbert Raffalt

Ramsau: Region of “bioneers”

Sustainable holidays done right

When Styrian apple juice tops imported orange juice at the buffet,

when you can watch the farmer’s wife bake bread or add natural

cosmetics to your beauty regime, you know you have selected a holiday

domicile that lives and breathes sustainability. For instance, at Ramsauer

Bioniere (“Ramsau bioneers”): Farmers, merchants and innkeepers from the

region have committed themselves to green holidays. For them, wholly

organic farming, environmentally friendly energy and waste management

and much more are a matter of course. A little tip: All those companies

certified by the Austrian eco label for businesses in tourism guarantee

sustainable holiday fun. www.umweltzeichen.at/tourismus

A clean solution

How do fitness and doing one’s laundry in a

sustainable way go together? Well, by

kicking The Drumi several times: For the washing

drum with a capacity of 2.3 kg is operated

mechanically by means of pedals and thus doesn’t

need any form of power supply. A pleasant side

effect of its compact size: Fitting into every trunk,

it provides clean clothes even when on holidays

with the added bonus of making one fitter. Drumi

is primarily made from recyclable materials and

has been designed in such a way that its washing

cycles are shorter which is why, according to its

manufacturer YiREGO, it uses 80 percent less

water. www.yirego.com

Photo credit: YiRego


14 GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

Service for Success

Today, smart services are more than just the cherry on the cake of technical innovation: Those investing in them will

be one step ahead on the international markets of the future. This is why the Green Tech Radar focusses on this topic.

service technician implementing a system

A and providing help and advice in the follow-up,

answering all questions on the device’s

daily use: Those are services that have always been

closely connected with commissioning. For a long

time, this service part has been regarded as the

icing on the cake of the technology itself, but this

has changed significantly in all Green Tech areas:

In the energy sector, for instance, industrial enterprises

can utilise the A1 Energy Pool to participate

in the balancing electricity wholesale market and

thus generate new profits. Urban mining, the utilisation

of resources gathered from old buildings or

production processes, is also becoming more and

more important. “It is conceivable that a recycling

and demolition company rocks the market together

with joint urban mining services,” Johann

Koinegg of Eco World Styria explains. Building technology

boasts leased-out façades and the industry

turns services into a product – for example by

charging fees for the use of a production plant

instead of selling it. This also changes the long-term

relationship with the customers. In the latest Green

Tech Radar of Eco World Styria which was worked

out in collaboration with Deloitte, experts assess the

importance of service innovations until 2025. The

conclusion: Services, an immaterial good, will provide

the turbo which will boost technical innovation

in international competition and thus increase profits

– on the assumption that companies are willing

to look beyond their own service-noses.

From idea to invoice

“From idea to invoice – the content-related guideline

for the term innovation – will increasingly concern

services in the future,” Hans Lercher, Director

of the Innovation Management Programme at

CAMPUS 02 University of Applied Sciences, points

out and continues to name know-how in connection

with planning competence or the effective

use of forms of digital communication as examples.

According to Lercher, the fast pace of every

day business also poses great challenges: “In order

to keep up, one needs to develop strategies and

work out in-house processes.” The competition

becomes faster and faster in copying technical

production processes but services hold limited

potential for standardisation which is why copying

them poses a greater challenge for the competition.

“Today, business is made with services”,

Alexander Kainer, partner at Deloitte Austria, adds.

Everything from a single source

Boris Papousek, General Manager of Grazer Energieagentur

(GEA) agrees: “Having a great technology

at one’s disposal is not enough any more. One

must offer a comprehensive package around it.”

Contracting or re-commissioning models gain

importance. A contractor delivers a service package

and sets up and runs a facility. A certain performance

is guaranteed and the technology is

financed through future energy savings. Re-commissioning,

on the other hand, puts the customers


GREEN TECH MAGAZINE

15

The Green Tech Radar of

Eco World Styria identifies

many profitable service

innovations in several areas

concerning the environment.

Annual increase of turnover with services

1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 8% 10% 15%

Home Automation System

2025

15 %/a

Grid Asset

Management System

Waste Databases

4 %/a

RECY

LING

2025

C C

Photo credit: dieindustrie.at/Mathias Kniepeiss

Photo credit: Deloitte Österreich-APA

Fotoservice-Hinterramskogler

“Today,

business is made

with services.”

Alexander Kainer,

partner at Deloitte Austria

Smart Control for

Balancing Energy Market

Virtualization

Facade Leasing

2025

2020

Aggregation Platform

Re-Commissioning

Consumption Simulation

Open Building

Manufacturing System

Augmented Reality

10 %/a

Energy Analytics

8 %/a

Life Quality Alert System

2020

3D Concrete Printing

9 %/a

Smart Measurement

2016

Maintenance of buildings

1 %/a

2016

3 %/a

Drone Surveying

Providing information

and analytics

Life Cycle Services

2016

8 %/a

2 %/a

Waste Exchange

2016

6 %/a

2020

Educational Services

Pay-on Production

5 %/a

Participation in Global

Value Chains

Aggregation Platform

Horizontal Integration

Sharing Goods and

Services

Zero Waste

2020

8 %/a

Environmental Foodprint

Based Services

Landill Mining

Services

C URING

2025

MANUFA A T

more Urban

Mining

Feedback Loops from

Platforms

Product as a Service Concept

e. g. rental, leasing

F C

very much at the centre and incorporates them –

for instance in the case of the Energie in Therapie

(“energy in therapy”) model which is used to provide

individual services to large-scale facilities (e.g.

hospitals). “This is a complex undertaking since

the conditions on location are constantly changing,

both in terms of technology and in terms of

the people.” Correspondingly, technologies are

upgraded or downgraded and the users’ daily lives

are scrutinised. It is shown how one can save

energy without having to make big investments.

Inspiring customers

Mathias Schaffer, Innovation Manager with Energie

Steiermark, also stresses the importance of

everything-from-a-single-source solutions: “Service

innovations need to provide something new, they

need to inspire the customers.” New paths are blazed

in the framework of pilot projects – the inhabitants

of a single-family home, for instance, were given a

battery storage system. Thus, the energy generated

through the solar power system becomes available

to all and high levels of independence are guaranteed.

A community in Gleisdorf received an electric

car including a charging station and a booking software.

The residents can comfortably use this sustainable

sharing solution. This saves resources for second

cars and additional parking spaces.

A wealth of data

Joachim Hirtenfellner, Head of Marketing at

Komptech, confirms that, even as a recycling specialist

boasting service innovations, one can score

points on the market: “Individual financing models

offer the customers investment security.” The

after-sales area, too, is continuously expanded – for

example by creating the position of a group service

manager who advises service and sale partners,

for instance on the topic of stock management.

“Every minute a machine stands still, is

expensive. If a customer in Japan needs a spare

part, I cannot mail it to him from Austria,” he

illustrates. For Hirtenfellner, the second area relevant

to his industry where service innovation

yields competitive advantages, is global trade in

used machines. His company is currently working

on a smart system electronically documenting a

machine’s everyday life. “The system is similar to

that of the ‘networked harvester’, where a tablet in

the operator’s cabin records each of the machine’s

work steps. Data is transferred in real time allowing,

for instance, the tractor operator to know

when he needs to take over a load.” Their proprietary

system is expected to generate vast volumes

of data helping to make the machines fit for resale

while providing a real treasure for new developments.

“Thanks to the networking, one additionally

knows what the machine is doing at any given

time and can react to problems more quickly.”

These examples illustrate how the professionals in

the Green Tech Valley blaze innovative paths, also

when it comes to offering smart and individual

solutions to increase value creation.


Green Talents

researchers in front of the lens

Alexander Reinalter, Sarah Thauer, Jens Eisele (from the left) major in

Industrial Design at Joanneum University of Applied Sciences.

Photo credits: Alexander Reinalter (3)

Foto: KK

Photo credit: Alexander Reinalter

Cleaning the oceans

while extracting resources

Developed in collaboration with

Komptech, the design study Concept

Manta shows how the oceans can be

effectively cleared of plastic waste.

Together with colleagues from Joanneum University of Applied

Sciences, Alexander Reinalter has designed the Concept Manta, a

device that collects floating plastic waste, paving the path from a

“plastic planet” to a “blue planet”. Komptech is the project’s partner.

Photo credit: Alexander Reinalter

“We have developed the catamaran as the

‘shredder of the future’. Taking up an issue

of global relevance was important to us.

This is how we arrived at the pollution of the

seas with plastic waste,” the “green talents”

state. In the framework of the design study

Concept Manta, the futuristic catamaran

travels the oceans autonomously and inds

currents carrying plastic waste by means

of GPS. It uses a sort of rake to ish plastic

flotsam out of the water, puts it in endless

bags and throws those back into the sea,

equipped with a transmitter buoy. Passing

ships can take the bags on board and take

them to the next port. The collected garbage

is then recycled as a valuable raw material,

thus becoming economically attractive.

“Our concept is simply intended to stimulate

people to strike out in new directions,”

Alexander Reinalter illustrates.

Did you know ...?

Futuristic wind mill

Recycled carbon fibre “flatterers”

Photo credit: STFI

If everything goes according to plan, Rotterdam will be able to call a very unique

wind mill its own in 2025 – the Windwheel. This futuristic structure is supposed

to house restaurants, flats and a hotel and operate entirely self-sufficient in terms

of energy. Its design consists of a silently rotating outer and a static inner ring.

The impressive structure which is 174 metres high definitely has potential to

become a landmark and literally blow away the 185-metre-high Euromast.

http://dutchwindwheel.com

What could perfectly protect the batteries of electric cars in

the future? Obviously the special, recycled carbon fleece material

produced by the experts of Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstitut

(“Saxonian Textile Research Institute”) from carbon fibre

cuttings and off-specification batches. They have been developing

a special recycling method for carbon fibre and have

now landed the first large-scale order. The material only weighs

200 g/m 2 and is thus ideally suited for lightweight components,

for instance for the automotive industry. www.stfi.de

Photo credit: Windwheel

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