The Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent and its Member Biographies updated 11 January

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Interesting biographies about current and previous members of the Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent

THE STANDING

COMMISSION OF THE

RED CROSS AND RED

CRESCENT AND ITS

MEMBERS

Biographies of

Previous and

Current Standing

Commission

Members

1930-2015


Foreword

This little booklet has been produced by the Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red

Crescent as an informative and, hopefully, interesting read into the lives of those who

voluntarily dedicated their time, wisdom and courage not only to the Standing Commission

but to the Movement as a whole.

The Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent was created at the 13 th Red

Cross Conference in the Hague in 1928. It was set up, in part, to be the connecting force

between the International Committee of the Red Cross and the League (today the

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies). Since then, the Standing

Commission has been the trustee of the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red

Crescent (the highest deliberative body of the Movement), which is held every four years.

During this Conference, five National Society members are chosen to be the elected

members of the Standing Commission. In addition to the elected members, the Standing

Commission consists of four ex officio members (the Presidents of the ICRC and the IFRC as

well as the Deputy Director of the ICRC and the Secretary General of the IFRC) but as these

are set roles they are not included in this booklet.

We thank them for their hard work, their continuous upholding of the fundamental

principles and the tireless passion they have shown for their humanitarian work.

Geneva, 16 January 2016

1


Prince Tokugawa Iyesato

1930-1938

Prince Tokugawa Iyesato was a member of the Standing Commission between 1930 and

1938. He was elected Chairman in 1934, a post he filled until 1938. 1 He left Japan in 1877 to

study in Britain for five years. Upon his return, he received his princedom and in 1903, he

was appointed chairman of the House of Peers of the Diet of Japan. In 1928, Prince

Tokugawa was appointed as the 7th President of the Japanese Red Cross Society. In 1933, he

told the Executive Council of the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies: "The ideal

of the Red Cross is a notion common to the world, but today there are so many problems

which would encourage the world to fall apart ". He urged the 1934 International

Conference in Tokyo to "serve for humanity, while disregarding the hatred held by States". 2

1 Standing Commission

2 http://www.redcross.int/en/history/not_Tokugawa.asp

2


Prince Tokugawa was born on August 24 th 1863 in Tokyo and died on June 5 th 1940 in Tokyo,

Japan.

3


Lady Novar (Helen Hermione Hamilton-Temple-

Blackwood)

1930-1934

Lady Novar (Helen Hermione Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood) served as a member of the

Standing Commission from October 1930 until October 1934. Before becoming a member of

the Standing Commission, she had been tirelessly and effectively working for the Movement

for many years.

Lady Novar’s younger years were spent in various countries owing to her father’s

distinguished diplomatic and crown appointments. In 1889 she married Ronald Munro

Ferguson who was a Member of Parliament. Lady Helen became a member of the Council of

the Scottish Branch, British Red Cross Society from 1909 to 1912, and foundation President

of the local Red Cross in Fife, being a passionate advocate of Red Cross ideals and principles.

In 1914 Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson GCMG was appointed Governor-General of Australia.

When war was declared in August 1914, Lady Helen created a Red Cross Headquarters at

Government House in Melbourne, founding Red Cross divisions and branches in each State.

4


She held her position as foundation President of the Australian Branch of the British Red

Cross Society until 1920. Lady Helen was regarded as a brilliant leader and an excellent

public speaker. On return to the UK in 1920 Sir Ronald was created Viscount Novar and Lady

Novar became Viscountess Novar. Intermittently from 1920 to 1932, she served on the

Board of Governors of the League of Red Cross Societies, first representing the Australian

Branch and from 1927, the Australian Red Cross Society. 3 She was also President of the

Kirkcaldy branch of the Queen Victoria Nursing Association, a position she held for over 50

years, as well as being President of the Young Women’s Christian Association for over 25

years. As a strong-willed and independent-thinking woman who wished not only to be

known in conjunction with her husband, she preferred in a working capacity to be known as

Lady Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood. Viscountess Novar continued her Red Cross service

representing the Australian Red Cross on the League of Red Cross Societies’ Board of

Governors and at International Conferences of the Red Cross in 1921, 1928 and in 1930

when she was elected to the Standing Commission for one term.

She was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Law (LL.D.) and in 1918 was invested as a

Dame Grand Cross, Order of the British Empire (G.B.E.) due to her work for the British Red

Cross Society. 45 She was the daughter of Fredrik Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1 st Marquess

of Dufferin and Ava, and was married to Lord Novar from 1889 until his death in 1934, a

union that was childless. Lady Novar was born on March 14 th 1863 in Bangor, Northern

Ireland and died on April 9 th , 1941 in Scotland as Viscountess Novar. 6

3 British Red Cross

4 http://thepeerage.com/p5787.htm#i57864

5 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helen_Munro-Ferguson,_Viscountess_Novar

6 Standing Commission

5


Marquis de Hoyos (José María de Hoyos y Vinent

de la Torre O’Neill)

1930-1934

7

The Marquis de Hoyos (José de Hoyos y Vinent) served as a member of the Standing

Commission from October 1930 until October 1934. Attracted by a military career, he

entered the General Academy in 1891 and in 1896 he was promoted to lieutenant of

Artillery, later he was also appointed Commander-in-Chief of Madrid three times. In 1923,

he became President of the Supreme Assembly of the Spanish Red Cross, during which time

he introduced important reforms that, among other things, made it easier to provide help

during the Morocco campaign. During the same year, he was also appointed as Spain's

official representative at the 11th International Conference of the Red Cross. Whilst serving

on the Standing Commission, the Marquis de Hoyos was also the major of Madrid (1930-

7

http://www.iberlibro.com/servlet/BookDetailsPL?bi=7200823867&searchurl=an%3Dmarques%2Bde%2Bhoyos

%2Bjose%2Bmaria%2Bde%2Bhoyos%2By%2Bvinent%26amp%3Bbsi%3D0%26amp%3Bds%3D30

6


1931) and was later appointed Minister of the Interior in the cabinet of Juan Bautista Aznar-

Cabañas, which was the last government before the fall of the monarchy in Spain and the

birth of the republic. During his long working-career he was, amongst many things, also

President of the Guadalquivir Salt Marshes Company, CEO of Tabacalera, CEO of Ford Motor

Ibérica and CEO of Spanish Lifetime Bank. Throughout his career he received many awards,

such as the Grand Collar of Carlos III, Crosses of Military Merit, the Grand Badge of Honour

and Merit of the Spanish Red Cross and the distinction of Grand Officer of the Legion of

Honour of France, as well as holding several titles such as Knight of Zaragosa and fourth

Marquis de Vinent. 8 He wrote a memoir called “Mi Testimonio” (My Testament) about his

experiences and the state of the Royal Family, which was published posthumously in 1962. 9

The Marquis de Hoyos was born in San Sebastian in 1874 and died in Madrid in 1959. 10

8 Spanish Red Cross

9 http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Mar%C3%ADa_de_Hoyos_y_Vinent

10 Standing Commission

7


Pierre Nolf

1930-1934

Pierre Nolf served as Chairman of the Standing Commission from October 1930 until October

1934. Nolf was a doctor of medicine and former government minister who tended civilian

and military casualties in World War One. After the war, he returned to working at

universities and became a professor but his main interest was scientific research. In 1922 he

was appointed Belgian Minister of Sciences and Art. In 1925, Nolf was nominated by royal

decree as President of the Belgian Red Cross. His presidency saw an expansion of existing Red

Cross services and the creation of others, such as an ambulance service. He remained

President until 1945. Nolf, who obtained his medical degree at the University of Liege in

1896, was a member of several prestigious institutions in Belgium, including the Royal

Academy for Sciences and the Royal Academy for Medicine. 11 Nolf was born on July 26 th 1873

in Ypres and died in Brussels on September 14 th 1953. 12

11 http://www.redcross.int/en/history/not_Nolf.asp

12 Standing Commission

8


Torolf Prytz

1930-1934

Mr Torolf Prytz served as a member of the Standing Commission from October 1930 until

October 1934. Before joining the Red Cross Movement, he was the Norwegian Minister for

industrial Provisioning (1917-1918), as a politician representing the Liberal Party. From 1922

until 1930, he was President of the Norwegian Red Cross. He also sat on the Board of the

National Institute of Technology (1916-1935) and the Norwegian Museum of Decorative Arts

(1929-1934). Prior to his political career, he was a goldsmith and led the goldsmith company

J. Tostrup from 1890 to 1938, having inherited it from his grandfather-in-law. Mr Prytz

studied in Hannover, Germany to become an architect. He was made a Commander of the

Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav and a Knight of the French Legion of Honour. He was born

on December 26 th 1858 and died on June 16 th 1938. 13

13 Standing Commission

9


Sir Arthur Stanley

1934-1946

14

Sir Arthur Stanley was a member of the Standing Commission between 1934 and 1938,

serving as its Chairman from 1938 till 1946, when he retired due to health issues. Count

Folke Bernadotte was chosen to step in as Chairman between 1946 and 1948. By the time

Arthur Stanley became chairman of the International Council (previous name of the Standing

Commission), he had spent a professional lifetime as a philanthropist, politician and a senior

member of the British Red Cross Society. His early professional life was spent as a diplomat

in Egypt. From 1898 to 1918 he was a Conservative Member of Parliament.

Arthur Stanley began his Red Cross career in 1905 and from 1914 he was appointed

Chairman of the Executive Committee of the British Red Cross Society (BRCS), a post he held

for 29 years. Throughout the First World War he was also Chairman of the Joint War

Committee of the BRCS and the Order of St John of Jerusalem which provided joint services

14 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sir_Arthur_Stanley.jpg can also use picture from:

http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portraitLarge/mw72248/Sir-Arthur-Stanley

10


to sick and injured servicemen, prisoners of war and civilians needing relief. He made field

visits to France and Italy and introduced the first motor ambulances for use in France in

1914. Sir Arthur played a key part in the post-war discussions which led to the founding of

the League of Red Cross Societies (today known as the IFRC). In 1938, he chaired the XVIth

International Red Cross Conference in London, when he was elected to the Standing

Commission.

The outbreak of World War Two in 1939 saw Stanley again elected as chairman of the Joint

War Organisation of the British Red Cross Society and of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.

Stanley’s concerns were not confined to Britain. He was a key player in an initiative taken by

the American, British, French, Italian and Japanese Red Cross societies to expand the role of

the Red Cross from its focus on World War One relief by establishing the League of Red Cross

Societies, later the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Stanley was permanently disabled and frequently in pain after contracting rheumatic fever in

the 1880’s, but this did not hamper his activities throughout two world wars. 15 Sir Arthur

was renowned for his ability to charm committees and devoted his life with enthusiasm to

seeking the relief of suffering. He received numerous honours, including being made a

Commander of the Legion d’Honneur in 1920. 16 Sir Stanley was born on November 18 th 1869

in Watford and died on November 4 th 1947 in Eastbourne. 17

15 http://www.redcross.int/en/history/not_Stanley.asp

16 British Red Cross

17 Standing Commission

11


Dr Alvaro Carlos Tourinho

1934-1938

Dr Tourinho was a member of the Standing Commission between 1934 and 1938. 18 He was

the President of the Brazilian Red Cross Society between 1930 and 1942, during which time

he was officially designated by the Brazilian Government to head the Brazilian delegation at

the Sixteenth International Conference in London in 1938. However, due to ill health Mr

Tourinho could not travel and it was headed by the then Vice-President of the Brazilian

National Society, Dr Daniel de Carvalho. Outside of the movement, General Álvaro Carlos

Tourinho was Director of Health of the Brazilian Army and was honoured with both the

Commander of the French Legion Medal of Honour and Honorary Member of the Academy

of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro. He died in May 1960 in Rio de Janeiro. 19

18 Standing Commission

19 Brazilian Red Cross Society

12


Dr Ibrahim Refik Saydam Bey

1934-1938

Dr Refik Saydam was a member of the Standing Commission between 1934 and 1938. He

graduated from the Military School of Medicine, graduating with the rank of Doctor Captain

in 1905. While working as a doctor he created a medicine to cure typhus, which was mostly

used by the Central Powers during World War One. He was also a key person during the

Turkish War of Independence and during his tenure as Prime Minister he was known as a

reformist. He was very politically active and became Health Minister three times (1921-1921,

1923-1924 and 1925-1937), Minister of Education (1933-1933) and ultimately the 4 th Prime

Minister of Turkey in 1939, an appointment he held until his death in 1942. He was born on

September 8 th 1881 in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire and died on July 8 th 1942 in Istanbul,

Turkey. 20

20 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refik_Saydam

13


1934-1937

General D. Ricardo Burguete y Lana

General Burguete y Lana was a member of the Standing Commission between 1934 and

1937. Outside of the Movement, he was previously the Captain General of Madrid, and had

fought for Spain in Morocco. 21 General Burguete y Lana was born in 1871 and died in 1937.

21 Alvarez, José. “The Betrothed of Death: The Spanish Foreign Legion During the Rif Rebellion, 1920-27”,

Greenwood Press, 2001. Pg. 83

14


1938-1948

Dr Chao Phya Bijayanati (Dun Bunnang)

Dr Chao Phya Bijayanati Dun Bunnag was a member of the Standing Commission from June

1938 until August 1948. He originally trained as a lawyer and already at the age of 26 was

appointed Chief Judge of the Civil Court. 22 Prior to joining the Standing Commission, he was

a member of the Thai Red Cross Council between 1924 and 1939, and served as its Vice-

President from 1932 till 1939. ). One of his sons, a medical doctor, Dr Danai Bunnag, who

passed away in 2014, was also a member of the Thai Red Cross Council. Outside of the

Movement he was the Minister for Justice in the Siamese Government and then the Minister

of Lands and Agriculture. 23 He received the first constitution of Siam from King Rama VII and

was the first Chairman of the National Assembly (Speaker of Parliament). As for his name, in

Thai the name Chao Phya was a rank of nobility and Bijayati was a royally bestowed title. His

22 http://www.khamkoo.com/uploads/9/0/0/4/9004485/the_journal_of_the_siam_society_vol._xxxvi_part_1-

2_1946.pdf

23 Standing Commission

15


name was Dan and his surname was Bunnag. He was born on June 6 th 1875 and died on July

24 th 1946. 24

24 Thai Red Cross

16


Dr Pedro Vignau

1938-1948

Dr Pedro Vignau served as a member of the Standing Commission from June 1938 until

August 1948. Prior to joining the Standing Commission, he was a member of the Argentine

Red Cross and stepped down as its President in 1944. 25 Outside of the Movement, he had a

long and distinguished career in medicine and received several awards for his work. After

graduating with a Doctorate from the University of Buenos Aires in 1907, he went on to be a

Professor at the Department of Chemistry at the National College of Buenos Aires, only one

of several positions he held throughout his life. 26 He was born February 6 th 1878 in

Gualeguaychú, Argentina and passed away, at 79, on September 27 th 1957. 27

25 Standing Commission

26 http://www.cnba.uba.ar/mheq/colecciones/mvv015

27 http://www.biol.unlp.edu.ar/vignau-h.htm

17


Axel Hultkrantz

1938-1948

Mr Axel Hultkrantz served as a member of the Standing Commission from June 1938 until

August 1948. His career began in the Army when he became the Second Lieutenant of the

Crown Prince’s Hussar Regiment in 1891. He eventually rose to become Major General in

1926. During World War One, he was Secretary of the Board of the Swedish Red Cross (1907-

1915) and President of the Swedish Red Cross from 1916 until 1926. He was born on April

11 th , 1870 in Uppsala and died on July 22 nd , 1955 in Stockholm. 28

28 Standing Commission

18


Senator Giuseppe de Michelis

1938-1948

Senator Giuseppe De Michelis served as a member of the Standing Commission from June

1938 until August 1948. Before joining the Standing Commission, he was the President of the

Italian Red Cross and a member of the Council of Governors of the League of Red Cross

Societies in Paris. He completed his undergraduate studies in Switzerland, where he had

moved in 1890. In 1901 he graduated in medicine from the University of Lausanne and for

some years, until 1905, he was Assistant to the Chair of Hygiene, Bacteriology and

Experimental Medicine at the University of Geneva. In the same period and at the same

university he attended Law and Management to get a second degree. He was Commissioner-

General of emigration 1919-1927, after which he enjoyed a long career as an Italian

diplomat, with the rank of ambassador and politician as a Senator of the Kingdom of Italy. 29

From 1928 he represented Italy in numerous major conferences and international

commissions. 30 From 1925 to 1933 he presided over the International Institute of Agriculture

29 Italian Red Cross

30 https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giuseppe_De_Michelis

19


and the National Institute of Credit for Italian workers abroad. He was born in Pistoria on

April 6 th , 1872 and died in Rome on October 12 th , 1951. 31

31 Standing Commission

20


Ali Rana Tarhan

1948-1952

Mr Ali Rana Tarhan served as a member of the Standing Commission from August 1948 until

August 1952. Prior to joining the Standing Commission, he was the President of the Turkish

Red Crescent. He graduated from Mekteb-i Sultânî (Galatasaray High school) in 1900, where

he learned French, German and English. Mr Tarhan started to work as an officer in the

Ministry of Postal and Telegraph Postal Affairs Department in 1902 after working as a

Turkish teacher in Mekteb-i Sultânî and as a clerk in the Ministry of Education Corresponding

Secretariat. Following various different government departments, he was elected as a

member of the parliament from Canik (Samsun) in the 3 rd term of the Turkish Grand National

Assembly in 1927. In a short amount of time, he became the Head of the Financial

Commission. He participated at the International Parliaments Commercial Conference, which

was held in Paris in 1928 on behalf of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. He was

appointed as the first Minister to the Ministry of Customs and Monopoly, which was

established during Ismet Inonu’s term as the Prime Minister, and unremittingly continued his

position from 1931 to 1939. He continued to work in several different positions before his

21


death. He was buried next to his father’s grave. Mr Tarhan’s daughter Mrs Ferhan Nezahat is

still alive and married to Prof. Dr Bedîi Feyzioğlu. His son Abdülhak Tayfur Zihnî Tarhan

(1911-1994) was appointed as a Professor of Business Administration Economics and the

Head of Galatasaray University of Engineering, a private school, in 1969. 32 Mr Tarhan was

born in Istanbul in 1882 and died on March 25 th , 1956. 33

32 Turkish Red Crescent

33 Standing Commission

22


André François-Ponçet

1948-65

André François-Ponçet served as a member of the Standing Commission from August 1948

until October 1965 and served as Chairman between 1952 and 1965, having been re-elected

in November 1957. 34

During his tenure, he steered the Standing Commission through

troubled waters and it is in large measure due to his wisdom and diplomatic skills that the

International Red Cross was in such a strong position when he left in 1965 to become the

Vice-Chairman of the League. As President of the French Red Cross (1955-1967), he

deepened the international involvement of the French Red Cross, which contributed

financially and promoted the cause of the International Red Cross. François-Ponçet began his

career in the French Diplomatic service and was the French Ambassador to Germany (1931-

38) and Italy (1938-40) 35 . In 1938, only weeks after British Prime Minister Neville

Chamberlain signed the "peace in our time" Munich Pact with Hitler, François-Ponçet met

Hitler before leaving as ambassador to Rome and initiated talks that led to the similar

34 Standing Commission

35 Standing Commission

23


Franco-German agreement of November 23. He returned to France in June 1940, but was

deported and interned in 1943 in Austria, where he remained until 1945. 36 After the war, he

was French government adviser for German affairs. In June, 1949, he was appointed High

Commissioner of the French Republic in Germany. François-Ponçet was born to a family of

magistrates in 1887. In 1913, a year before World War One, he wrote "What German Youth

is Thinking", a work that created a sensation. 37 In 1973 he received the Henry Dunant medal.

François-Ponçet was born on June 13 th 1887 in Provins, France and died on January 8 th 1978

in Paris. 38

36 French Red Cross

37 http://www.redcross.int/en/history/not_Poncet.asp

38 Standing Commission

24


Count Folke Bernadotte

1946-1948

39

Count Folke Bernadotte was elected as Chairman of the Standing Commission in 1948;

however he was assassinated on September 17 th 1948 by the armed Jewish Zionist group

Lehi. 40 Before being elected to the Standing Commission, he was chosen to step in as its

Chairman from 1946 till 1948 when Sir Arthur Stanley retired. Prior to joining the Red Cross

Movement, he represented his native Sweden in numerous capacities. He was the Director

of the Swedish Boy Scouts (1937) the Swedish Commissioner General at the New York

World’s Fair (1939-1940). Later in 1943, he was appointed as the Vice-President of the

Swedish Red Cross. During the Second World War, he was involved in the organisation of

prisoner exchanges. In so doing, he had to interview Heinrich Himmler, one of Adolf Hitler’s

most feared henchmen. After World War Two he took up the post of mediator for the

39

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=count+folke+bernadotte+images&qpvt=count+folke+bernadotte+ima

ges&FORM=IGRE#view=detail&id=FBC85679D83BF952FB3BAC6F220BEAC98EBB0403&selectedIndex=6

40 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folke_Bernadotte#cite_note-1

25


United Nations in the Arab-Israeli conflict. He was President of the Eighteenth International

Red Cross Conference in in Stockholm in 1948, only a month before he was assassinated.

Count Bernadotte studied at the Military Academy Karlberg and became a Cavalry Officer in

1915 and a Lieutenant in 1918. He was born on January 2 nd , 1895 and died on September

17 th , 1948. 41

41 Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent

26


Lord Woolton (Fredrick Marquis, 1 st Earl of

Woolton)

1948-1952

Lord Woolton (Frederick James Marquis) served as a member of the Standing Commission

from August 1948 until November 1952. He was active in both business and the public

service, and undertook both Red Cross and ministerial responsibilities. During the First

World War, he served as an official in the War Office and then at the Leather Control Board.

Post-war, he became a successful businessman, advised government committees and was

knighted in 1935.

In May 1939 Sir Frederick Marquis was appointed honorary adviser to the Secretary of State

for War, and was created Baron Woolton in mid-1939. From 1939-40 Lord Woolton became

director-general of Equipment and Stores in the Ministry of Supply and from 1940-43 was

brought into government as a non-party Minister for Food, at a time when food was being

rationed. The famous Woolton Pie, created during this time to enable a nutritional diet

27


despite food shortages and rationing, was named after him. 42 For twenty years, from 1943-

63, Lord Woolton was Chairman of the Executive Committee of the British Red Cross Society

(BRCS). At the same time he continued his non-party government appointments: he was a

member of the War Cabinet 1943-45, Minister of Reconstruction 1943-45, and then Lord

President of the Council 1945 (again in 1951-52). In 1945 he attended the first post-war

meeting of the Board of Governors of the League of Red Cross Societies in Paris.

Lord Woolton joined the Conservative party when appointed its chairman by Winston

Churchill in 1946. From September 1946 to May 1947 he served as Vice-Chairman of the War

Organization of the BRCS and the Order of St John of Jerusalem. He then became Chairman

of the Joint Committee of the Order of St John and the BRCS administering funds from joint

war-time activities. In 1948 Lord Woolton co-led (with Angela Limerick) the BRCS delegation

to the XVIIth International Red Cross Conference in Stockholm, where he was elected a

member of the Standing Commission. In the UK, Lord Woolton’s contacts as a cabinet

minister helped to facilitate the UK ratifying the 1949 Geneva Conventions in 1957. 43

Lord Woolton was born on August 23 rd , 1883 in Salford and died on December 14 th , 1964 in

Arundel. 44

42 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woolton_pie

43 British Red Cross

44 Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent

28


Tom Wilmott Sloper

1948-1965

Mr Tom Willmott Sloper served as a member of the Standing Commission from August 1948

until October 1965, having been re-elected in both August 1952 and November 1957. Mr

Sloper first began working for the Movement in 1945 when he joined the Brazilian Red Cross

as a Member of the National Board of the Finance Commission. He rose quickly to become

the Vice-President and then President of his National Society. Internationally, he has been

involved in the work of the Movement. Whilst working at the Standing Commission, he took

part in discussions about the Fundamental Principles and played an active role in the

development of the Movement. His extensive knowledge of the Movement and of its leaders

enabled him to play a key role in delicate negotiations on subjects of lasting importance such

as the statutes of the Movement. For many years, he was also a Member of the Finance

Commission of the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. He received the Henry

Dunant medal in 1985. 45

45 Standing Commission

29


Henrik Beer

1948-1950

Mr Beer was a member of the Standing Commission between 1948 and 1950. When Count

Folke Bernadotte was assassinated in 1948 (not long after having been elected Chairman of

the Standing Commission), Mr Beer stepped in as one of the members and François-Ponçet

took over as Chairman and Lord Woolton became Vice-Chairman. However, in 1950 Justice

Sandstrom of Sweden was elected as President of the IFRC and Mr Beer (also from Sweden)

voluntarily stepped down to avoid making it appear that Sweden was in a privileged

position. 46 During World War Two, he became involved with the Swedish Red Cross when he

was put in charge of coordinating neutral Sweden’s relief efforts for war victims. He was

Secretary General of the Swedish Red Cross until his appointment to the Geneva

headquarters in 1960. He was the Secretary General of the League of Red Cross and Red

Crescent Societies from 1960 until his retirement in 1981. During his tenure he travelled to

over 80 countries, including many war zones, as well as overseeing the increase in

46 The Eighteenth International Conference of the Red Cross Records

30


membership societies go from 86 to 126. 47 He was born in 1915 in Stockholm and died on

May 25 th 1987 in Geneva.

47 http://www.nytimes.com/1987/05/26/obituaries/henrik-beer-71-of-the-red-cross.html

31


Dr Boris Pachkov

1952-1957

Dr Boris Pachkov served as a member of the Standing Commission from August 1952 until

November 1957. 48 Prior to joining the Standing Commission, he was a Soviet delegate to

several meetings of the Red Cross Movement and in 1950 Pachkov submitted a resolution to

the 21 st meeting of the board of governors of the League of the Red Cross Societies asking

the Red Cross to work for “peaceful ideals and the prohibition of atomic weapons”. 49 He was

also a member of the Executive Committee of the Alliance of Red Cross and Red Crescent

Societies of the USSR and was a part of the principal staff members who welcomed ICRC

President Leopold Boissier, First Vice-President Dr Marcel Junod and Executive Director Mr

Roger Gallopin when they visited the USSR in 1960. 50

48 Standing Commission

49

http://fultonhistory.com/Newspaper%2011/Geneva%20NY%20Daily%20Times/Geneva%20NY%20Daily%20Tim

es%201950%20Oct-Dec%201950%20Grayscale/Geneva%20NY%20Daily%20Times%201950%20Oct-

Dec%201950%20Grayscale%20-%200212.pdf “Soviets Ask Ban Against A-Bombs”, Article in the Geneva Daily

Times, Geneva, N.Y., Monday, October 16 th 1950.

50 http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/RC_Supp-Jul-1960.pdf

32


James Thomas Nicholson

1951-1957

Mr James Thomas Nicholson served as a member of the Standing Commission from 1951

until November 1957. Although Mr Nicholson was asked to join the Standing Commission in

1951, due to the death of Count Bernadotte and the election of Justice Emil Sandstrom as

President of the IFRC 51 , he was officially elected as a member in 1952, a post he kept until

1957. 52 Prior to joining the Standing Commission, he served as National Director of the

American Junior Red Cross (1939-1942) and the Vice-Chairman in charge of the American

Junior Red Cross in Washington DC, a post he first took up in 1942. He later became the

Executive Vice-President of the American Red Cross. In this capacity, he worked to provide

assistance to rebuild Europe after the damage of the Second World War. He worked in

tandem with the German Red Cross to provide relief for the sick and wounded in Trieste,

Italy and Krakow, Poland. Internationally, he was also an American delegate to the XV th and

XVI th International Conferences and present at numerous regional meetings. 5354

51 Henrik Beer had been chosen to become a member when Count Folke Bernadotte was assassinated in 1948,

however, in 1951 Justice Sandstrom was elected President of the IFRC and as both these men were Swedish Mr

Beer volunteered to step down in order to avoid Sweden having an unfair representative advantage.

52 Fifteenth International Conference of the Red Cross Report

53 Standing Commission

54 http://www.jta.org/1940/01/26/archive/red-cross-blocked-in-efforts-at-supervision-threatens-to-halt-polishrelief

33


Rajhumari Amrit Kaur

1952-1964

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur served as a member of the Standing Commission from August 1952

until 1964 (when she passed away), having been re-elected in November 1957. Although the

Standing Commission lost two members that year (General Gruenther retired), the

remaining members decided not to replace them as the next International Conference of the

Red Cross was only months away (the election of new members are voted on at the

Conference). 55 Amrit Kaur was born into the princely family of Kapurthala and was educated

at Oxford University, England. 56

She had a long and distinguished career in the Indian

government after having been active in the drive for Indian independence. With

independence in 1947, she was appointed as the Minister for Health and was the first

woman in the Indian Cabinet. In 1950, she was also elected as the first female President of

the World Health Organization. Amrit Kaur later became the President of the Indian Red

Cross Society, a post which she held for fourteen years. During her tenure, she founded the

Tuberculosis Association of India, the Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute and

55 IFRC archives

56 http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/rajkumari-amritkaur.html

34


the Amrit Kaur College of Nursing. She continued to pursue humanitarian causes up until her

death in 1964. Amrit Kaur was born on February 2 nd 1889 and died on October 2 nd 1964. 57

57 Standing Commission

35


1957-1964

General Alfred Maximilian Gruenther

General Alfred Maximilian Gruenther served as a member of the Standing Commission from

November 1957 until October 1964, when he retired due to health issues. Prior to joining

the Movement, he had a long and distinguished career in the United States military. After

having graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point as the youngest

four star general in US history, he rose to become the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe

from 1953 until 1956. During World War Two, he had planned the US invasion of North

Africa in 1942 and Italy in 1943. He retired from the army in 1956 and took up the post of

President of the American Red Cross, which he filled until 1964 when he retired from the

Movement. He was also involved internationally in the Movement, as a member of the

Executive Committee of the League and its Vice-Chairman. General Gruenther was born in

Nebraska on March 3 rd , 1899 and died on May 30 th 1983. 58

58 Standing Commission

36


Prof. Georgy Miterev

1957-1973

Prof. Georgy Miterev served as a Member of the Standing Commission from November 1957

until November 1973, having been re-elected in both October 1965 and September 1969.

Prof. Miterev first entered the Movement when he was appointed President of the Alliance

of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies of the USSR in 1954 and continued in that role until

1971. Under his supervision, the Soviet Red Cross became one of the biggest public

organizations in the USSR. In 1956, Miterev visited the United States as part of an exchange

visit between the American Red Cross and the Union of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

of the USSR, an encounter that was described later in a book by Raymond L. Garthoff who

worked as their interpreter. 59 Internationally, Prof. Miterev headed Soviet delegations to

several International Conferences and Board of Governor Meetings. He was awarded the

Henry Dunant medal in 1975. 60

59

https://books.google.ch/books?id=EdCssLSNO0EC&pg=PA25&lpg=PA25&dq=professor+georgy+miterev+red+cr

oss&source=bl&ots=ztJN6HGp-A&sig=UvbjzZpYdMrA2yzbDS4RimhHs7A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiHrdTTz-

LJAhVFVxQKHSJ_AIoQ6AEIKDAC#v=onepage&q=professor%20georgy%20miterev%20red%20cross&f=false

60 Standing Commission

37


Angela Countess of Limerick

1965-1973

Angela Countess of Limerick served as Chairwoman of the Standing Commission from

October 1965 until November 1973, when she retired after having been re-elected as

Chairwomen in September 1969. The Countess of Limerick first joined the Movement in

1915 as a Nurse working for the British Red Cross and her outstanding Red Cross career

would ultimately span 61 years.

Angela, née Trotter, spent her early childhood in Romania. During World War I, she worked

as a Red Cross Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse in military hospitals in England and France.

Between the wars she studied for a diploma in Social Science at the London School of

Economics, married the subsequent 5th Earl of Limerick and expanded her Red Cross, local

government and social work. From 1934 until 1940, she was President of the London Branch

of the British Red Cross. During World War II Angela was in charge of Red Cross services

throughout London during the “blitz” and from 1942 was also deputy chairman of the

38


Executive Committee of the War Organization of the British Red Cross Society (BRCS) and the

Order of St. John of Jerusalem. In 1944-45 she toured the War Organization’s Commissions

in the Middle East and Italy and inspected relief work, visiting 17 countries. 61 Post war, 1946-

63 Angela was a Vice-Chairman of the BRCS’s Executive Committee and a leading figure at

the 1946 meeting in Oxford of the League of Red Cross Societies. She visited most of the

BRCS Overseas Branches in Africa, the Far East and the Caribbean and a large number of

National Societies. She was widely respected for her uncompromising support of the

integrity of the Movement and its fundamental principles. In 1948, she was elected as the

Vice-President of the British Red Cross Society and one of the Governors of the League of

Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. 62

Angela was a valuable member of the Joint

Committee for the Re-Appraisal of the Role of the Red Cross 1972-75, chaired by Donald

Tansley. She also chaired the Council of the BRCS from 1974-76 and, on retiring, she was

appointed a Vice-President. 63

Angela was known for her wide vision and gave encouragement and inspiration to many

people. The Times of London said in her obituary: "Angela Limerick had a great breadth of

vision, an astonishing memory and grasp of detail, and a remarkable ability to establish close

and lasting personal relationships after brief acquaintance; above all she had the gift of

inspiring and encouraging others and bringing out the best in them." 64

She received

numerous awards, including a G.B.E. and a C.H., and in 1975 she received the Henry Dunant

medal. The Countess of Limerick was born in 1897 and died in 1981. 65

61 British Red Cross

62 Standing Commission

63 British Red Cross

64 http://www.redcross.int/en/history/not_limerick.asp

65 Standing Commission

39


General James F. Collins

1965-1973

General James F. Collins served as a member of the Standing Commission from October 1965

until November 1973, after having been re-elected in September 1969. His career began in

the United States Military where he rose to be a General and saw active service during the

Second World War when he was stationed in the Philippines and in Japan. He also served a

tour in Hawaii where he commanded the 71 st and 2 nd Infantry Division. When he retired

from the army in 1964, he was appointed as President of the American Red Cross, a post he

filled for six and a half years. He was educated at the United States Military Academy at

West Point. General Collins was born in the Bronx on September 2 nd , 1905 and died on

January 22 nd , 1989 in Washington. 66

66 Standing Commission

40


Dr Hans (Ritter von) Lauda

1965-1969

Dr Hans (Ritter von) Lauda served as a member of the Standing Commission from October

1965 until September 1969. 67 Prior to joining the Standing Commission, he was the President

of the Austrian Red Cross Society between 1956 and 1974. 68 Outside of the Movement he

was a Viennese industrialist and was the first President of the Vereinigung Osterreichischer

Industrieller (Union of Austrian Industrialists). 69 Although his father was given the title ‘Ritter

von’ by Kaiser Franz Joseph 1 in 1916, the fall of the monarchy and of the Austro-Hungarian

empire in 1918 put an end to the use of titles and hence Dr Hans Lauda only bore the name

and title Hans Ritter von Lauda between 1916 and 1919. His grandson is the Austrian

Formula One racing driver Andreas Nikolaus ‘’Niki’’ Lauda. He was born on March 25 th 1896

in Vienna and died on January 21 st 1974 in Vienna.

67 Standing Commission

68 http://austria-forum.org/af/AEIOU/Lauda%2C_Hans/Lauda%2C_Hans_english

69 https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Lauda

41


Sir Geoffrey Newman-Morris

1965-1977

Sir Geoffrey Newman-Morris served as member of the Standing Commission from October

1965 until November 1973, having been re-elected in September 1969. He also served as

Chairman of the Standing Commission from November 1973 until October 1977. He first

joined the Australian Red Cross Society in 1951 as a Member of the Welfare Committee. He

then became Chairman of the National Executive of the Australian Red Cross in 1958. On an

international level, he has also been an active part of the Movement. He served as the Vice-

Chairman of the League from 1969 until 1973 and as Chairman of the Standing Finance

Commission of the League from 1967 to 1977, amongst other roles. Sir Geoffrey graduated

from the University of Melbourne with an M.B., B.S. in 1932, and further gained an MS, a

senior academic surgical degree, to become Fellow of the Royal Surgeons in 1937. 70 He had a

long career in medicine and during World War Two he was stationed in Egypt, Palestine,

Papua (province) and New Guinea, having been promoted several times. Renowned for

resolving impasses, he used a quiet word behind the scenes coupled with decisive

70 http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/newman-morris-sir-geoffrey-14978

42


chairmanship. He received numerous Red Cross awards, culminating in the Henri Dunant

medal in 1979. In 1982 the Red Cross posthumously published his memoir “This World But

Once”. He was born on May 14 th , 1909 in Victoria, Australia and died on October 20 th 1981 in

71 72

Melbourne.

71 Standing Commission

72 http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/newman-morris-sir-geoffrey-14978

43


Dr Hadj Ahmed Djebli-Elaydouni

1969-1973

Dr Ahmed Djebli-Elaydouni served as a member of the Standing Commission between

September 1969 and November 1973. Prior to joining the Standing Commission, he was the

President of the Moroccan Red Crescent. 73 He was born on April 7 th 1917 in Rabat and died

on October 29 th 2003.

73 Standing Commission

44


Alexandra Issa-el-Khoury

1973-1977

74

Mrs Alexandra Issa-el-Khoury served as the Vice-Chairwoman of the Standing Commission

from November 1973 until October 1977. Previously, she had been a Member of the Central

Committee of the Lebanese Red Cross since 1951 until she succeeded her mother as

President of her National Society. During her tenure as President, her National Society was

able to regain and maintain a truly unique position of impartiality and humanitarian spirit,

which was respected by all parties to the tragic conflict in Lebanon. Mrs Issa-el-Khoury has

been an active member of the Movement on an international level too, having attended

many international conferences and meetings. She received the Henry Dunant medal in

1981 and a road in Beirut, Lebanon has been named after her. She had a degree in

Philosophy and was born in Beirut, Lebanon in 1926 and died in 1997. 7576

74 http://www.rdl.com.lb/1997/1926/khoury.htm

75 Standing Commission

76 http://www.rdl.com.lb/1997/1926/khoury.htm

45


Dr Nadejda Troyan

1973-1977

Dr Nadejan Troyan served as a member of the Standing Commission from November 1973

until October 1977. Prior to her election, Dr Troyan was President of the Red Cross Society of

the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

46


George Aitken

1973-1977

Mr George Aitken served as a member of the Standing Commission between November

1973 and October 1977. Mr Aitken first joined the Canadian Red Cross in 1939 as a volunteer

to assist the Canadian Red Cross in coping with the exigencies of the Second World War. His

initial task was to utilise his skills as a carpenter to build wooden bins to store the clothing

being donated for the war victims. After this, Aitken served as Chairman of the Canadian Red

Cross Executive Committee from 1955-56 and as Chairman of the Canadian Red Cross

Central Council from 1957 to 1958. 77 He rose to become the National Vice-President after he

was elected in 1961. Internationally too, he was involved in the work of the Movement.

When the Permanent Scale of Contributions Commission was set up in 1960, he was elected

to be its Chairman and remained in that post for 18 years. For six years, he was also the

League’s Vice-Chairman (1965-1973). He graduated from the University of Winnipeg with a

77 Canadian Red Cross

47


Doctor of Laws in 1929. 78 He received a Henry Dunant medal in 1979. Mr Aitken was born on

November 21 st , 1906 in Winnipeg, Canada and died on February 23 rd

1984 in North

Vancouver, Canada. 79

78 Standing Commission

79 http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people/aitken_g.shtml

48


Sir Evelyn Shuckburgh

1973-1981

Sir Evelyn Shuckburgh served as a member of the Standing Commission from November

1973 until November 1981 and was its Chairman from 1977 until 1981. Sir Shuckburgh began

his career as a diplomat for the British government. He first worked at the Foreign Office and

then became the private secretary to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Sir Anthony

Eden. Between 1963 and 1966, he was Great Britain’s representative at North Atlantic Treaty

Organization (NATO). He began working for the Red Cross Movement in 1970 as President of

the Executive Council and in 1976 became Governor of the League of Red Cross and Red

Crescent Societies. He graduated from the University of Cambridge. 80 Sir Shuckburgh was

born on May 26 th 1909 and died on December 12 th 1994 in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. 81

80 Standing Commission

81 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evelyn_Shuckburgh

49


Kai Warras

1977-1986

Kai Warras served as a member of the Standing Commission between October 1977 and

October 1986, having been re-elected in November 1981. Mr Warras had been involved with

the Finnish Red Cross and the Movement more widely, since 1945. From 1956 until 1985 he

occupied the position of Secretary General of the Finnish Red Cross. Under his leadership,

this Society has grown in strength and is today able to play an important role not only at a

national level but by giving its share internationally to Red Cross relief and development

efforts. He was also involved internationally. Mr Warras was Vice-Chairman of the League

from 1966 to 1977 and Chairman of the Joint ICRC-League Committee for Reappraisal of the

Role of the Red Cross as well being involved in numerous working groups and committees.

He was educated as a barrister of law. 82 Mr Warras’ enormous contribution to humanitarian

activities makes him an outstanding example for the Movement and in 1987 he was awarded

the Henry Dunant medal. 83 He was born on March 31 st 1917 and died on September 19 th

2006. 84

82 Finnish Red Cross

83 Standing Commission

84 http://www.hs.fi/muistot/haku/?haku=kai-j-warras

50


H.E. Dr Ahmed Abu-Goura

1977-1993

Dr Ahmed Abu-Goura served as a member of the Standing Commission from October 1977

until December 1995 and was its Chairman from 1981 to 1993 when he decided to step

down due to age and health reasons. 85 Dr Abu-Goura first joined the Movement in 1953

when he was elected as the Secretary General of the Jordan Red Crescent Society. He then

eventually became President of his National Society in 1964. Prior to joining the Movement,

Dr Abu-Goura had a long and distinguished career in the Jordanian Government. He was the

Director of the Radiology Department at the Ministry of Health (1951); he was the Minister

of Health (1965) and the Minister of Labour and Social Welfare (1966). Dr Abu-Goura

received a Doctor in Medicine from the University of Damascus (1943), a Postgraduate

degree in Radiology from the University of London (1951) and a Postgraduate degree in

Radiotherapy from Harvard University (1956). He received a Henry Dunant medal in 1993.

He was born in Salt, Jordan in 1918 and passed away in 2015.

85

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=6004916&jid=RCE&volumeId=33&issueId=29

5&aid=6004912

51


OMR Prof. Dr Werner Ludwig

1977-1981

OMR Prof. Dr Werner Ludwig served as the Vice-Chairman of the Standing Commission

between October 1977 and November 1981. His first involvement with the Movement was

when he was appointed Chairman of the German Red Cross of the German Democratic

Republic when it was first set up in October, 1952. Later, in 1957, he was elected President

and his appointment was ratified at all subsequent Congresses until 1981, when he stepped

down due to medical reasons. Under his tenure, the German Red Cross was rebuilt after the

Second World War. Internationally, Dr Ludwig has been involved in the Movement’s work.

From 1973 until 1977 he was Vice-President of the League. Outside of the Movement’s

activities, he was elected as a member of the Executive Council of UNICEF and was a

member of the Scientific Council of the Academy for the perfecting of physicians’ education

of the GDR. He holds a Doctors degree (1939) and a Doctorate in Social Hygiene (1962). 86 He

received a Henry Dunant medal in 1983. He was born on December 12 th , 1914 in Mülheim,

Germany and died on December 11 th 2001 in Dresden. 87

86 Standing Commission

87 http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werner_Ludwig_(Arzt)

52


Rito Alcantara

1977-1981

Mr Rito Alcantara served as a member of the Standing Commission between October 1977

and November 1981. Prior to his election, Mr Alcantara had been a founding member of the

Senegalese Red Cross and later became its President from 1964 until 1974. Internationally,

he has been involved in Movement activities too. He was the Vice-President of the League of

Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 1969 until 1973 and President of the Commission

for the Revision of the Statutes and Rules of the League (1973-1977). Outside the

Movement, he was President of the Rotary Club of Dakar and a Member of the Executive

Committee of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA). 88 He graduated

from the University of Montpellier and the University of Dakar and was educated as a

pharmacist. He was born in 1922 and died on February 8 th 2003 in Dakar. 89

88 Standing Commission

89 http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/organisation/news/newsid=85514/index.html

53


Dr János Hantos

1981-1995

Dr János Hantos served as a member of the Standing Commission between November 1981

and December 1995. He had been involved with the Hungarian Red Cross since 1959. In

1973, he was elected Secretary General of the National Board of the Hungarian Red Cross

and was re-elected in 1977. He also held the office of President of the National Executive

Committee until his retirement in 1990. Dr Hantos is a widely published author of articles

and studies pertaining to health as well as pedagogic and cultural policy. Outside the

Movement, he was elected to the City Council of Budapest in 1962, and became Deputy

Mayor at the end of 1964. Dr Hantos graduated as a Doctor of Political Science and had

previously taught philosophy at the University of Budapest. He received the Henry Dunant

medal in 1991. He was born in Békéscsaba, Hungary in 1927. 9091

90 Standing Commission

91

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=5999516&fileId=S002086040007

532X

54


R. James Kane

1981-1986

Mr James Kane served as a member of the Standing Commission between November 1981

and October 1986. Mr Kane dedicated almost a third of his life to the Red Cross Movement.

He began his Red Cross career as a volunteer for the Ontario section of the Canadian Red

Cross. Mr Kane was Chairman of the Canadian Red Cross Executive Committee from 1972-

1973 and in 1974 he rose to become the President of the Canadian Red Cross. 92 On an

international level, he participated in several International Conferences and regional

meetings. Mr Kane was also a member of the Permanent Commission on Finances. Outside

of the Movement, he was active in educational and teleological organisations in Toronto. He

graduated from the University of Toronto and was born in the same city in 1917. 93

92 Canadian Red Cross

93 Standing Commission

55


Soehanda Ijas

1981-1986

Mr Soehanda Ijas served as a member of the Standing Commission between November 1981

and October 1986. Before joining the Standing Commission, Mr Ijas was the Secretary

General of the Indonesian Red Cross since his election in 1966. On an international level, he

has represented the Indonesian Red Cross at numerous different statutory and regional

meetings of the Movement. Mr Ijas was also a member of the Working Group on the

Revision of the Statues of the International Red Cross. Outside the Movement, he worked in

the Indonesian government as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1952 until 1954 and was also

a practicing lawyer. He was born on October 13 th , 1925 and died on October 16 th 1988. 94

94 “Death of Two Eminent Members of the Movement”, International Review of the Red Cross, Volume 28,

Issue 267, December 1988. Pgs. 558-559.

56


Dr Botho Prinz zu Sayn Wittgenstein-Hohenstein

1986-1995

Dr Botho Prinz zu Sayn Wittgenstein-Hohenstein served as a member of the Standing

Commission between October 1986 and 1995, while being its Vice-Chairman from 1993 until

1995. He first joined the Red Cross Movement in 1944 as a Volunteer at the district level. In

1979, he became an elected Member of the National Committee of the German Red Cross

and then in 1982 he was elected as President of the German Red Cross. Outside of

Movement activities, Dr Hohenstein was a Member of the German Cancer Relief Trust, the

Mayor of Laasphe (1958-1968) and a Member of the German Sub-Committee on

Humanitarian Aid (1968-1980). Dr Wittgenstein-Hohenstein graduated with a degree in

Medicine from the University of Marburg. He was awarded the Henry Dunant medal in 1995.

He was born on February 16 th , 1927 in Eisenach, Germany and died on January 27 th , 2008 in

Salzberg, Austria. 95

95 Standing Commission

57


Hon. Dr Byron Reuben Hove

1986-1999

Hon. Byron Hove served as a member of the Standing Commission between 1986 and 1999,

serving as its Vice-Chairman from 1995 till 1999. Before joining the Standing Commission, Mr

Hove was the National Chairman of the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society and also one of its

founding members. Outside the Movement, he served as a Justice Minister in the Rhodesian

Government (later to become Zimbabwe with independence in 1980) along with Hilary

Squires as his Co-Minister. He also worked for the Organization of African Unity, the

precursor to the African Union and at the National Archives of Zimbabwe. He was educated

as a lawyer in the United Kingdom. He received the Henry Dunant medal in 1999. 96 Mr Hove

was born in 1940 in the Mberengwa District, Zimbabwe and died in on April 10 th 1999 in

Harare. 97

96 Standing Commission

97 https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/soc.culture.zimbabwe/9iR8qUBUsZc

58


Mavy d’Aché Assumpção Harmon

1986-1995

Mrs Mavy Harmon served as a member of the Standing Commission between October 1986

and December 1995. Prior to joining the Standing Commission, Mrs Harmon was Vice-

President of the Brazilian Red Cross from 1974 to 1977 and National President from 1977 to

2001. She also served as a member of the Committee on the Revision of the Statutes of the

International Red Cross (1984-1986) and was a member of the Executive Council of the

League of Red Cross and Red Crescent. She supported and encouraged the first meetings of

the National Societies of Portuguese Language. Mrs Harmon was Vice President of CORI

(Inter Regional Committee) from 1984 till 1987, and in 1985 was elected to the League

Commission Baremo. During her presidency the Brazilian Red Cross hosted the Sixth General

Assembly of the League of Red Cross Societies from 16 to 28 November 1987. Outside the

Movement, she was Chairman and founder of the Non-Governmental Organizations in Brazil

(CENG) and founder, Member of the Board and Director for the Community Affairs of the

organisation Fundo Comunitario (United Way). She was the first Brazilian woman graduate

from the War Military College in 1973. Mrs Harmon also graduated from the Federal

59


University of Rio de Janeiro as Professor of Germanic Languages. She was married and spoke

five languages (English, French, Spanish, German and Portuguese). 98 She was born in Rio de

Janeiro in 1924 and died in 2002 in Rio de Janeiro. 99

98 IFRC archives

99 Brazilian Red Cross Society

60


Mrs Véronique Ahouanmenou

1993-1995

Mrs Ahouanmenou was a member of the Standing Commission between April 1993 and

1995, when she replaced HE Dr Abu Goura, who retired due to health issues, as a member.

She was the first President of the Benin Red Cross (previously known as the Red Cross

Society of Dahomey) which was accepted into the Movement in 1963. She worked tirelessly

as President of this National Society from 1959 till 1996. 100 She was also formerly a member

of the Federation’s Executive Council and has served the Movement for over forty years, a

dedication and service for which she was awarded the Henry Dunant medal in 2009. 101

100 http://croixrougebenin.afredis.com/description.html

101 http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/news-release/2009-and-earlier/57jnu3.htm

61


Dr Guillermo Rueda Montaña

1995-1998

Dr Guillermo Rueda Montaña was a member of the Standing Commission from December

1995 until May 1998 when he passed away. Before he was elected to the Standing

Commission he was the President of the Colombian Red Cross and also held a number of

positions on an international level within the Movement. Dr Montaña was President of the

Finance Commission of the International Committee of the Red Cross and Red Crescent

(ICRC) for eight years, Vice-President of the Executive Committee of the International

Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) from 1981 until 1985 and Director of

the Americas Department of the IFRC. Outside the Movement, he was the rector of the

National University of Colombia, Chairman of the Board of Jorge Tadeo Lozano University

and President of the Board of the San José Hospital. He held an MD from the National

University of Colombia (1946). In 1999, Dr Montaña posthumously received the Henry

Dunant medal. Dr Montaña was born on August, 31 st 1923 and died on May 16 th , 1998.

62


Princess Christina Magnuson

1995-2003

Princess Christina Magnuson served as a member of the Standing Commission between

December 1995 and December 2003. Before joining the Standing Commission, she was

President of the Swedish Red Cross, a position she took up in 1993. Prior to that she had

been Vice President (1987-1993) and had held various other positions with the Swedish Red

Cross, beginning as a volunteer in 1973. Princess Magnuson was also involved internationally

in the Movement Chairwomen of the Steering Group for the World Campaign for the Victims

of War (1987-1990) as well as representing the Swedish delegation at numerous

international conferences of the Movement. She studied at Radcliffe College and at the

University of Stockholm. Princess Magnuson received the Henry Dunant medal in 2005. She

was born on August 3 rd , 1943 and is married with three sons. 102

102 Standing Commission

63


Princess Margriet

1995-2003

Princess Margriet served as Chairwomen of the Standing Commission between December

1995 and December 2003. She has been an active part of the Movement since she joined her

local branch of the Netherlands Red Cross as a volunteer in 1966. Internationally she has also

been involved in the Movement having been both a member and the vice-chairman of the

Study Group on the Future of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Outside the

Movement, she has been President of the European Cultural Foundation, Patroness of the

Foundation “SOS Children’s Villages, the Netherlands” and a Member of the Advisory

Committee of the National Association for the Care of the Terminally Ill, amongst others.

Princess Margriet studied at the University of Montpellier and Leiden University. She was

born in Ottawa, Canada on January 19 th , 1943 and is married with four sons.

64


Tadateru Konoe

1995-2003

Mr Tadateru Konoe was a member of the Standing Commission between December 1995

and December 2003. Prior to be elected to the Standing Commission, Mr Konoe was Vice

President of the Japanese Red Cross Society since his appointment in 1991. He has been a

member of the Japanese Red Cross Society since 1964. Internationally, he has also been

involved in Movement serving as a Member of the Finance Commission of the International

Federation (1985-1993) and Director of the Disaster Preparedness Department of the League

(1981-1985). Outside the Movement, he has been a Board Member of the Japanese Society

for rehabilitation, a Technical Expert at the Central Disaster Prevention Council in the

National Land Agency and an Advisor at the Japan Preventative Diplomacy Center, amongst

others. He is a graduate of the London School of Economics (1964) and holds a BA in Political

Science from Gakushuin University (1962). 103

He is currently the President of the

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and therefore an ex officio

103 Standing Commission

65


member of the Standing Commission. He is married to Princess Yasuko of Mikasa and has

one son. He was born on May 8 th 1939 in Tokyo, Japan. 104

104 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadateru_Konoe

66


Prof Dr Mamoun Yousif Hamid

1999-1999

Prof Hamid was a member of the Standing Commission from April 1999 till August 1999

when he stepped in as a member to replace Hon. Byron Reuben Hove who had passed away

earlier that year. He graduated with an Academic Diploma in Public Health from the

University of London in 1963 and became a Doctor of Medicine (MD) in 1968. Following his

studies he worked as a Professor of Social Medicine and Child Health at the University of

Khartoum until he became Sudan’s Minister of Health in 1989. Within the Movement he has

been the Vice-President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent

Societies, Member of the Executive Committee of Arab Red Crescent Society Council and

was the President of the Sudanese Red Crescent for many years. Prof Hamid was born on

August 4 th 1931 in the Ailafon Khartoum State, Sudan. 105

105 http://sudanimoscow.freeservers.com/RED.HTM

67


General Georges Nadra Harrouk

1998-1999

General Georges Harrouk was a member of the Standing Commission between 1998 and

1999, when he took over as a member after Dr Guillermo Rueda Montaña passed away. He

was President of the Lebanese Red Cross between December 1991 and March 2000.

68


Dr Abdurrahman A. Al-Swailem

1999-2003

Dr Abdul Rahman A. Al-Swailem was a member of the Standing Commission between

November 1999 and December 2003. At the time of his election, Dr Al-Swailem was

President of the Saudi Red Crescent Society as well as President of the Saudi Joint Relief

Committee. Before joining the Movement, Dr Al-Swailem’s background was in health. He has

served as Deputy Minister for Executive Affairs at the Ministry of Health (1988-1997),

Assistant Deputy Minister for Curative Medicine (1982-1988) and Head of the General

Medical Committee in Riyadh (1974-1982), amongst others. He has published widely on

topics ranging from child health to renal diseases and organ transplantation. Dr Al-Swailem

holds a MBBC from Munich University (1966), a DCH from Cairo University (1974) as well as a

Pediatrics Fellowship from the Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh. 106107 He was born on

February 12 th , 1937 in Zubayr, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and is married with two sons and

four daughters.

106 Standing Commission

107 http://www.shura.gov.sa/wps/wcm/connect/ShuraEn/internet/CV/Abdurrahman+A.+Al-Swailem

69


H.E Dr Mohammed Al-Hadid

1999-2015

Dr Al-Hadid was a member of the Standing Commission between 1999 and 2015, having

been re-elected several times. He served as Vice-Chairman between November 1999 and

2011 as well as being its Chairman from December 2003 until 2009. In 2006 he chaired the

29 th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, which adopted the

necessary statutory changes to accommodate the additional emblem, the Red Crystal. This

brought to an end a decade-long debate and permitted the Magen David Adom in Israel and

the Palestinian Red Crescent Society to join the Movement as a full member. He is also

currently the President of the Jordanian Red Crescent Society, a post he has filled since 1993.

Prior to becoming President, he held several different positions within his National Society

beginning in 1981 as the Director of the Red Cross Blood Bank and Laboratories. Dr Al-Hadid

holds a PhD in Clinical Chemistry and was born in Jordan on December 11 th , 1951. 108109

108 Standing Commission

109 www.standcom.ch

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Dr Freddy Karup Pedersen

2003-2007

Dr Freddy Karup Pedersen was a member of the Standing Commission between December

2003 and November 2007. At the time of his election, he was President of the Danish Red

Cross, a position he filled from 1997 until 2005. He has been involved with the Danish Red

Cross since 1974, when he joined as a short term medical delegate. In an international

capacity, he was also a member of the HIV/AIDS Governance group of the International

Federation. Outside of the Movement, Dr Pedersen was a Professor of Pediatrics at the

University of Copenhagen as well as being the Head of the Department of Pediatrics at the

Rigshospital in Copenhagen. In 1971, Dr Pedersen graduated as a medical doctor from the

University of Copenhagen medical school. He was born on April 12 th , 1943. 110111

110 Standing Commission

111 Dr Freddy Karup Pedersen

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Janet Davidson

2003-2007

Mrs Janet Davidson was Vice-Chairwoman of the Standing Commission between December

2003 and November 2007. As a member of the Canadian Red Cross since 1973, she has held

several positions. During her tenure as national president, she deftly guided the Canadian

Red Cross through a period of transformation, refocusing its mandate. Overseeing the

operations of the Vancouver General and University of British Columbia hospitals, as well as

the G.F. Strong Rehabilitation Centre, she is one of Canada’s most senior front-line health

care administrators. 112113

She sat on the Board of Governors since 1997, assuming the

Presidency of the Board between 1995 and 1997. Prior to this, she was President of the

Alberta division (1990-1992) and the Edmonton Branch (1985-1987) of the Canadian Red

Cross. In 1997, she was also elected as the Vice President of the Federation (for the

Americas) where she served for six years until 2004. Outside the Movement, she has a

background in health having been President and CEO of the Toronto East General Hospital

(2000-2001), CEO of Capital Health Edmonton (1996-1999) and Assistant Deputy Minister in

the Ministry of Health, amongst others. She has received numerous awards for her

112 Canadian Red Cross

113 http://archive.gg.ca/media/doc.asp?lang=e&DocID=4958

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professional and personal accomplishments, including the Society’s two highest rewards, the

Distinguished Service Medal and the Order of the Red Cross, and on February 9 th 2007 Mrs

Janet Davidson was appointed Officer of the Order of Canada. 114 She holds a BSc in Nursing

from the University of Windsor and Master of Health Service Administration from the

University of Alberta. Janet Davidson was born on the September 19 th , 1947. 115116

114 http://www.redcross.ca/cmslib/general/janet_english_bio.pdf

115 Standing Commission

116 http://www1.uwindsor.ca/alumni/janet-davidson-bscn-71

73


Philippe Cuvillier

2003-2007

Mr Philippe Cuvillier was a member of the Standing Commission between December 2003

and November 2007. Having been a member of the French Red Cross since 1996,

Ambassador Cuvillier rose to become a member of the Governing Board as well as the

Chairman of the Committee of the Board for International Relations and Operations.

Internationally, he was also involved in the Movement. In 2002, he chaired a think-tank on

the reform of the Red Cross European Union Office and later in 2002 assumed the

Presidency of the same office. Outside the Movement, Phillipe Cuvillier had an illustrious

career, serving as a Diplomat for the French government since 1957. He was Ambassador to

Egypt (1981-1985), Morocco (1985-1987), Brazil (1987-1989), Switzerland (1989-1991) and

Italy (1991-1993). He had a Masters in English from the University of Sorbonne, a Masters in

Political Science from the Institute of Political Science and was a graduate of the National

Administration Institute. He was born on October 17th, 1930 in Paris and passed away in

December 2015. 117118

117 http://www.redcross.int/en/standcom/pc_eng.pdf

118 Standing Commission

74


Zoy Katevas de Sclabos

2003-2007

Mrs Zoy Katevas de Sclabos was a member of the Standing Commission between December

2003 and November 2007. From 1993 to 2004, Mrs Katevas de Sclabos was President of the

Chilean Red Cross and was active in various positions in the Movement since 1953, when she

began as a volunteer. Outside the Movement, she was nominated as the Chief of the Chilean

Foundation on High Blood Pressure, served as the Chief of the National Council on Home

Accidents and held the Presidency of the National Committee on the Prevention of Home

Accidents between 1985 and 1987. In recognition of her work and commitment to the

Movement, she was awarded the Henry Dunant Medal in 2009. She was born on October

28 th , 1932 119 and died on July 30 th 2013. 120121122

119 Chilean Red Cross

120 http://www.redcross.int/en/standcom/zk_en.pdf

121 Standing Commission

122 http://www.cruzroja.cl/noticias/cruz-roja-chilena-lamenta-informar-el-fallecimiento-de-zoy-katevas-desclabos-560

75


Adama Diarra

2007-2011

Adama Diarra served as a member of the Standing Commission between November 2007

and November 2011. At the time of his election, Diarra was President of the Malian Red

Cross, which he first joined in 2002. During his time at the Malian Red Cross, he worked on a

number of issues including: the ECOWAS Forum of Ministers for Social Development, the

repatriation of Ivorian refugees, the creation of a law protecting the emblem in Mali,

amongst others. Before joining the Movement, Diarra was Director of the Agence pour le

Développement Social, Commissioner at the Association Malienne pour la Promotion des

Jeunes and Director of the Société Nationale des Tabas et Allumettes du Mali. He earned a

Master in Public Law in 1984.

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Mr Steven E. Carr

2007-2015

Mr Steven E. Carr was the Vice-Chairman of the Standing Commission between 2011 and

2015. Prior to this election, he was also a member of the Standing Commission between

November 2007 and November 2011. Mr Carr has been an American Red Cross volunteer for

the past 25 years and has served on its Board of Governors and as chair of the International

Services Committee. He remains on the American Red Cross’ International Services Advisory

Council, a position he was first elected to in 2008. Outside the Movement, he is a Member of

the Board of the Bank of Idaho and a Member of the Board of Trustees of the Museum of

Idaho. He holds a Bachelor of the Arts from Utah State University (1980) and a Juris

Doctorate from Arizona State University College of Law (1983). He was born on May 1 st ,

1957 in Idaho Falls, USA.

77


Eamon Harrison Courtenay

2007-2011

Mr Eamon Harrison Courtenay was elected as a member of the Standing Commission

between November 2007 and November 2011. Prior to this, Mr Courtney was President of

the Belize Red Cross Society between 1999 until 2002 and has been an active member of the

Movement since 1989, holding various positions within the Belize Red Cross Society. Outside

the Movement, he served as Belize’s Senator and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign

Trade (2006-2007), Deputy Chairman of Belize Bank (2005-2006), Attorney General and

Minister of Investment and Foreign Trade (2003-2004), as well as continuing as a practicing

attorney-at-law (1988-1999). He holds a BA from the University of Texas at Austin and

completed his studies in Law at the University of the West Indies and the Norman Manley

Law School. 123 He was born in Belize on June 11 th , 1960 and is married with two children. 124

123 Standing Commission

124 http://www.cablegatesearch.net/cable.php?id=06BELIZE369

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M.D. Massimo Barra

2007-

M.D. Massimo Barra is a current member of the Standing Commission since his re-election in

December 2015. Previously he served as Vice-Chairman of the Standing Commission from

2007 to 2009 and then as Chairman from 2009 to 2011. Before joining the Standing

Commission, M.D. Barra was National President of the Italian Red Cross since 2005. He first

joined the Italian Red Cross in 1961 as a volunteer and has held numerous other positions

during the interim. Internationally, M.D. Barra has also held several positions within the

Movement. He was Vice-President of the IFRC for Europe (2004-2005), Chairman of the

Development Commission (2005-2007) and President of the European Network on HIV/AIDS

(1998-2003), amongst others. Outside the Movement, he has been the Head of the 2 nd Ward

of Maddona del Tufo Hospital in Rome (1986-2005), a Board Member of the Global Fund

(2003-2004) and Co-Chairman of the Rome Consensus for Humanitarian Drug Policy since

2007. He was one of the first medical doctors to take care of drug users in Italy: he started

his activity at the Centre for Social Diseases in Rome in 1974 and 2 years later, he founded

Villa Maraini, a Foundation assisting drug users which he directed for more than 30 years. 125

125 Italian Red Cross

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M.D. Barra holds a degree in Medicine and Surgery (1972) and a specialization in Medicine of

Sport (1976) from the University La Sapienza. He was born on August 22 nd , 1947 in Rome,

Italy. 126127

126 Standing Commission

127

http://translate.google.ch/translate?hl=en&sl=it&u=http://www.massimobarra.it/Curriculumvitae.pdf&prev=/

search?q%3Dmassimo%2Bbarra%26biw%3D1366%26bih%3D571

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Hon. Pär Stenbäck

2011-2015

Hon. Pär Stenbäck was a member of the Standing Commission between 2011 and 2015. He

began his Red Cross career as the Secretary General of the Finnish Red Cross from 1985 until

his appointment as Secretary General of the IFRC in 1987. During his tenure as Secretary

General and with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, he successfully managed to expand the

geographical reach of the Movement’s activities. He also promoted the creation of

permanent regional delegations that would support the work of National Societies. 128 Hon.

Stenbäck also improved cooperation with the UNHCR and set the foundation for the

Movement’s work on refugees. In the 1980s, prior to joining the Movement, he served in the

Finnish government as both Minister of Education (1979-1982) and Minister of Foreign

Relations (1982-1983). After leaving the Federation, Hon. Stenbäck returned to his National

Society as the President and also became a member of the Executive Board of the

International Crisis Group. In 2009 he received the Henry Dunant Medal. He was born on

August 12 th 1941 in Porvoo, Finland and is married with two children. 129130131

128 Finnish Red Cross

129 Standing Commission

130 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C3%A4r_Stenb%C3%A4ck

131 http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/about/board/par-stenback.aspx

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Greg Vickery AO

2011-

Mr Greg Vickery is a current member of the Standing Commission, being re-elected in

December 2015. Between 2011 and 2015 he was also its Chairman. Prior to joining the

Standing Commission, he was the National President of the Australian Red Cross Society

since his appointment in 2003. Mr Vickery initially joined the Australian Red Cross as a

volunteer in 1973 and has held various posts throughout this period. He has also been an

active member of the Movement on an international level. He has led the Australian

delegation to various international meetings, served as Chairman of the IFRC Public

Governance Enhancement Programme Working Group (2010-2011) and represented the

IFRC at the Asia Development and the United Nations (2011). Outside the Movement, he has

been a Professor of Law at the University of Queensland (2000-2011), the Honorary Consul

for the Republic of Indonesia in Queensland (1999-2007) and a Senior Lawyer at Norton

Rose, Australia. Mr Vickery holds a Bachelor of Arts (1966) and a Bachelor of Law (1969)

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from the University of Queensland as well as a Graduate Diploma in Dispute Resolution from

Bond University. 132 He was born on May 26 th , 1946 and is married with three children. 133

132 Standing Commission

133 http://www.companydirectors.com.au/dialogs/speaker.aspx?id=%7BA70D1C95-E4BE-4ABB-81F0-

94C2A380000D%7D

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Eva von Oelreich

2015-

Eva von Oelreich is the current Chair of the Standing Commission since her election in

December 2015. 134 She has had a long career in the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement and

was President of the Swedish Red Cross between 2011 and 2015 as well as being Vice-

President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies between

2011 and 2013. 135 Outside of the Movement she has also been very active, being a Board

member of Lund University, Member of the Board of Trustees of HERE, Geneva as well as

Advisor to chair of the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation. She is currently also a member of the

Compliance and Mediation Committee (CMC) of the IFRC. 136 She has a BA in Philosophy,

Literature and Art and a MA Degree in Languages. She was born September 22 nd 1944.

134 Standing Commission

135 https://se.linkedin.com/in/eva-von-oelreich-177301aa

136 http://standcom.ch/wp-content/uploads/newcandidates/EvaOlerich/Nomination%20-

%20Eva%20von%20Oelreich%20ENG%20translation.pdf

84


Chrystold Chetty

2015-

Mr Chrystold Chetty is a current member of the Standing Commission since being elected in

December 2015.

He was President of the Red Cross Society of Seychelles from 1987 to 2001 and honorary

President since 2003. He is currently Chairman of the Finance Commission as well as

Governing Board member of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent

National Societies. Outside of the Movement, he has been Honorary Consul for the Royal

Norwegian Government and a shareholder in several private companies in the Seychelles.

Mr Chatty has a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Management from the University of Quebec,

Canada. He was born July 31 st 1960 and is a national of the Seychelles.

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George Weber

2015-

George Weber is the current Vice-President of the Standing Commission since his election in

December 2015. 137 Mr Weber first joined the Movement in 1973 as a field delegate in

Vietnam, and then worked as Chief Delegate and Disaster Relief Officer in Rwanda,

Mauritius, Cap Verde, Nepal and the Philippines. In this capacity, he worked tirelessly to

improve relief operations in these disaster-stricken countries, and he led disaster

preparedness programs. He joined the Canadian Red Cross in 1976 as its National Director of

International Services and then came to lead the organization, when he was appointed

Secretary General and CEO in 1983. He left the Canadian Red Cross in 1992 to become

Secretary General and CEO of the IFRC. Among his many accomplishments, he was successful

in gaining permanent observer status for the IFRC with the United Nations. Following his

departure in 2000, he has continued with his life’s work with the Red Cross as a volunteer

advisor. 138 Mr Weber was born April 18 1946 and is a Canadian national. 139

137 Standing Commission

138 http://www.redcross.ca/about-us/newsroom-/news-releases/latest-news/george-weber-first-canadian-toreceive-international-humanitarian-award

139 https://mail.standcom.ch/service/home/~/?auth=co&loc=en_US&id=3527&part=3

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