CD is an independent and impartial magazine and is the medium of communication between foreign representatives of international and UN-organisations based in Vienna and the Austrian political classes, business, culture and tourism. CD features up-to-date information about and for the diplomatic corps, international organisations, society, politics, business, tourism, fashion and culture. Furthermore CD introduces the new ambassadors in Austria and informs about designations, awards and top-events. Interviews with leading personalities, country reports from all over the world and the presentation of Austria as a host country complement the wide range oft he magazine.
LE MONDE WESTERN BALKANS THE LEADERS OF THE SIX COUNTRIES OF THE WESTERN BALKANS PETER FÜRNWEGER The Investigator – The Bodyguard Bosnia and Herzegovina Denis Zvizdić: Born in June 1964 in Sarajevo, the Bosniak was a Professor of Architecture at the University of his hometown before he has been appointed to Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina in March 2015. Between 2010 and 2014 he served as a Member of the Parliament, leaving no particular public impact. But last year in a vote in the House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina determining the new Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Zvizdić won with a surprising but clear majority. Now he promises to improve actions towards EU accession. Serbia Aleksandar Vučić: Only 46 years of age, the Prime Minister of Serbia, who gained office in April 2014, has a personal record which is closely followed by the EU. In 1993 Vučić joined the ”Serbian Radical Party“ (SRS), climbing up the ladder fast with many public appearances. According to Wikipedia, one of them was his statement made in the Serbian National Assembly on 20 July 1995, in which he stated: ”If you kill one Serb, we will kill 100 Muslims.“ This happened shortly after the Srebrenica massacre by Serb forces. Nevertheless Vučić has been central to negotiations on Serbia’s bid for EU accession and urged the Kosovo Serbs to “leave the past and think about the future”. Kosovo Isa Mustafa: The Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo, 64, and former Mayor of Prishtina from December 2007 to December 2013, claims that his government will be focused on the economic development of the country, which is still one of the poorest in Europe. In October 2015 Mustafa was able to reach a Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU which is the first key step for non-EU countries on the long road towards membership in the 28 nations bloc. While in Kosovo the accord is seen as a ”truly historic moment“, Serbia, which is still not recognising its former province as an independent state, the importance of the agreement has been strongly played down. Montenegro Albania Macedonia Milo Đukanović: Age: 54, the former close ally, later an opponent of Slobodan Milošević had already previously served as Prime Minister of Montenegro from 1991 to 1998, then as President of Montenegro from 1998 to 2002, and as Prime Minister again from 2003 to 2006 and from 2008 to 2010. He gained the post for a fourth time in 2012. Under his leadership Montenegro gained independence from Serbia in 2006. Although a Marxist in his youth, Đukanović was reported to be „the kind of politician who has a picture of Margaret Thatcher above his desk“. Despite facing heavy protests from the ”Democratic Front“, he seeks NATO membership and backed the EU sanctions against Russia over the Ukraine – two trump cards on the way to the EU. Edi Rama: The artist, writer and former member of Albania´s national basketball team was born 1964 in Tirana and maybe is the most colourful politician of the Western Balkans. He was appointed Prime Minister of Albania in 2013, having formerly served as Minister of Culture, Youth, and Sports from 1998 to 2000 and as Mayor of Tirana from 2000 to 2011. In December 2004, Rama was named the World Mayor 2004 and one year later he was chosen by Time magazine to be one of the 2005 European Heroes, a tribute given by the magazine to 37 people who are changing the world for the better. Nikola Gruevski (until 18 January 2016): The longtime Prime Minister of Macedonia was forced to step down recently under a Western-brokered deal, the so called ”Pržino Agreement“. Gruevski, 56, was replaced by conservative politician Emil Dimitriev, a sociologist, who wil serve as interim Prime Minister. The Pržino Agreement under the mediation of the European Union ended the Macedonian political and institutional crisis in the first half of 2015. It foresees: the participation of the opposition party SDSM; the resignation of Gruevski, general elections in April 2016, as well as a special prosecutor to lead the investigations about the eventual crimes highlighted by the wiretapping allegedly involving the former government. PHOTOS: DRAGAN TATIC, DAVID PLAS, EDI RAMA 2014 - U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, NIKOLA GRUEVSKI, ALEKSANDAR VUCIC, BEIGESTELLT. GRAFIK: FRANZ DEIX The „Tirana Talks“, a Western Balkans Summit held by the Vienna Economic Forum, offers business contacts. quest for such bilateral cooperation at the Vienna Summit in August 2015. But the last Western Balkans Conference was overshadowd by the escalating refugee crisis with hundreds of thousands people from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan or elsewhere trying to cut their route through the Balkan transit countries to Austria, Germany and Sweden. The conference result in a nutshell: Western Balkans states promised not to block each other on their way to the EU, more to come at the Paris Conference 2016. It seems to be the sad truth, that somehow a spanner has been thrown in the works of this promising process of the Western Balkans coming closer to Europe. On the one hand economic growth in the Western Balkans – which does 75 percent of its trade with the EU, but only counts for 1.1 percent of the overall EU trade – is less than zero. Its GDP crawls at the level of 1989, income per capita is a mere 27 percent of EU average and many of the young and educated are leaving these countries. This is certainly not the soil on which modern democracies blossom. On the other hand, a growing part of the local population is beginning to doubt the benefits of EU membership such as state transformation, control of power and human rights protection. ”The EU is not perceived as a peaceful and thriving island anymore“, says Katarina Tadić, a human rights activist based in Belgrade. ”Thus, it is losing its attractiveness in the Western Balkans. Being in a permanent crisis for years, it seems that the situation with refugees in particular unraveled the fragility of values promoted for years as intrinsically European.“ In other words: If the EU fails to get its act together, the gap to the Western Balkans could widen again. l AUDI A8 L security armoured car l Vehicle resistant VR7 – VR9 l Your only full service company in Vienna – offering complete personal and armoured vehicle protection! l For embassies, inter national organisations, ministries, safety authorities, luxury hotels, companies – businesses or individuals l 24 hour full personal protection services VIENNAS’S ONLY PERSONAL & CAR OVERALL PROTECTION iStockphoto / MACIEJ NOSKOWSKI 48 Cercle Diplomatique 1/2016 personenschutz.wien firstname.lastname@example.org +43 / 664 / 44 99 464 A-1210 Vienna / Austria Cercle Diplomatique 1/2016 47