Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh; it is about an elevation of 123 meters above from the sea level.
It is widely known for its Ganga Jamuni tahzeeb, that flourished through north Indian cultural and artistic
hub and it was also a seat of the Nawabs. Lucknow and some parts of Awadh were ruled by the Delhi
Sultanate, Sharqi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, the Nawabs of Awadh, the British East India Company (EIC)
and the British Raj. It is famous for many things, but one most famous is Dusshehri mangoes. It is one of
the three Gharanas of classical dance Katthak, the Nawabs were very fond of music and dance. Two
languages are spoken here Hindi and Urdu.
Many iconic buildings were built in British and Mughal era that shows different styles of architecture,
more than half of these buildings lies in the old city, among these extant architecture, there are religious
buildings such as Imambaras, mosques, and other Islamic shrines as well as secular structures such as
enclosed gardens, baradaris, and palace complexes.
‘umi Darwaza is an example of Awadhi architecture, built by Nawab Asaf – Ud – Daula, in 1784; it is an
entrance of the city. It is sixty feet tall. The road stretches from Rumi Darwaza to Chattar Manzil which
served as the palace of Awadh rulers and their wives. It is also known as Umrella Palae. It was
constructed by Nawab Ghazi Uddin Haider and completed after his death by his successor, Nawab Nasir
Uddin Haider. It stands on the banks of Gomati River. It consists of Bari Chattar Manzil and Choti
Chattar Manzil, but only the Bari Chattar Manzil still exists. These two buildings are a tremendous model
of the Indo-European-Nawabi architectural style. The palace was named after the chattaris, which are
umbrella shape domes, on the octagonal pavilions, which crown the buildings. The imposing building has
larger underground rooms and a dome surmounted by a gilt umbrella.
The Tile Wali Masjid, Fidaye Khan Koka the governor during the reign of Shahjahan, had built this
mosque. He was the disciple of Shah Pir Mohd built the mosque, incidentally the first namaz was offered
at the mosque was that of Alvida, from then its become a ritual which is being held for the 350 years
The Bara Imambara was built by Asaf – Ud – Daula, Nawab of Awadh in 1784, also known as Asafi
Imambara. It was originally built to provide assistance affected by the deadly famine. The complex also
includes the large Asaf mosque, the bhul bhulaiya, a bowli, and two imposing g gateways leading to the
main hall. It has largest hall of Asia which does not have any external support from wood, iron or stone
beams containing the tomb of Asaf – Ud – Daula. It has eight surrounding chambers built to different
roof height, connecting with each other with 489 doorways.
Next is Chota Imambara situated near Bara Imambara on the connecting road stands an imposing
gateway known as Rumi Darwaza, is an also known as Hussainabad Imambara built by the third
Nawab of Awadh Muhammad Ali Shah in 1838. This building is known as Palace of Lights because of its
decorations during special festivals like Muharram. It also housed the crown of Muhammad Ali Shah and
ceremonial tazias. It has a glided dome any several turrets and minarets. It has several tombs, including
the tomb of Muhammad Ali Shah and other members of his family. It includes two replicas of Taj Mahal
built as the tomb of Muhammad Ali “hahs daughter and her husband. Its walls are decorated with
Outside the immambara there is an incomplete watch tower, named as Satkhanda built in 1837 – 1842
at the time of Muhammad Ali Shah, its name is Satkhanda though it has only four stories, and the reason
is Muhammad Ali “hahs death. He wanted to make it the same as Qutub Minar in Delhi and the leaning
tower of Pisa.
Dilkusha Kothi as it is named, it is the most delightful place, it is an 18th century house built in the
English baroque style, there are a few towers and external walls remain as a monument, and a
widespread garden. The house was constructed around 1800 by the British Major Gore Ouseley, a friend
of Awadh ruler, Nawab Saadat Ali Khan. It was initially intended as a hunting lodge for the Nawabs of
Oudh, although it was later used as a summer resort. It is located on the banks of Gomati River. You can
visit there to see its beauty, and nearby places as La Martiniere College.
There are also some places where you can go for a visit, Ambedkar Memorial Park, Janeshwar Mishra
Park. When you will visit Lucknow eat some yummy Nawabi cuisine like kakori, galawati, shami, boti,
patili-ke, ghutwa, seekh, Nahari, Sheermal. You can buy some chikankari, zari, zardozi, kamdani, and gota
embroidery outfits like sarrees, kurta, scarfs, etc. You will like this trip to Lucknow monuments.