Hydrolife Magazine August/September 2016 (USA Edition)

hydrolife

Welcome to the third edition of the new Hydrolife. At this point, all we can say is “wow”. The response from readers, industry professionals and those who
use cannabis to heal themselves has blown away all expectations. When we started Hydrolife with a medicinal cannabis theme, our intent was to connect
growers, medical practitioners, patients and health enthusiasts by providing information related to this powerful plant. As we continue to do that, it is becoming apparent that passion in the medicinal cannabis revolution runs deep.

grow. heal. live. enjoy.

+HOMEGROWN HOW-TO

• BIO-CONTROL

• LIGHTING TECHNIQUES

HEMP

REVIVAL

THE

FREE

CANNABIS TOPICALS

FOR PAIN MANAGEMENT

AUG/SEP 2016


Hydrolife June/July 2016 myhydrolife.com

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inside

14 our crew / 16 from the publisher / 18 own it / 20 ask kyle / 58 ask a nurse / 90 the chill list

grow.

24 The Benefits of Bio-Control

30 BC's Best Bud

38 Bud Light

46 Cut and Dried: Strain Report

heal.

50 Can Medical Cannabis Relieve

Rheumatoid Arthritis?

56 Canna We All Be Happy?

60 Baking a Fool of Myself:

Life On Wreck Beach Was Golden

48 Is It Time to Say Goodbye to Your

Fan Leaves?

10

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live.

68 Minerals: An Essential Part of

Cannabinoid Production

70 The Hemp Revival

enjoy.

80 Big Book of Buds

86 Cannabis Cocktails,

Mocktails & Tonics

72 Emerald Triangle Grows

and Grows

myhydrolife.com grow. heal. live. enjoy. 11


our crew

Chris Bond

Amanda Brown

Augustus Dunning

Jessica Ferneyhough

Colleen Graham

Cory Hughes

Kyle Kushman

Kyle L. Ladenburger

Gibson Lannister

Lee G. Lyzit

Lacey Macri

Jenn McGarrigle

Monica Rakowski

Ed Rosenthal

Tony

Watermelon

August/September 2016

volume 6 - number 1

Published by

Hydrolife Magazine

3773 Howard Hughes Parkway

South Tower, Suite 500

Las Vegas, Nevada 89169

Inquiries to

info@myhydrolife.com

No part of this magazine

may be reproduced

without permission from

the publisher. The views

expressed by columnists are

personal opinions and do not

necessarily reflect those of

Hydrolife or the editor.

Printed in the USA

Distribution

P.A.I.N. Distribution | 310.488.1911

magazinedistribution.org

14

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from the publisher

Welcome to the third edition of the new Hydrolife. At

this point, all we can say is “wow”. The response

from readers, industry professionals and those who

use cannabis to heal themselves has blown away

all expectations. When we started Hydrolife with a

medicinal cannabis theme, our intent was to connect

growers, medical practitioners, patients and health

enthusiasts by providing information related to this

powerful plant. As we continue to do that, it is becoming

apparent that passion in the medicinal cannabis

revolution runs deep. As state governments slowly

begin to accept the benefits of medicinal cannabis

—25 states and the District of Columbia have legalized

MMJ to some degree—an astounding number of

beneficial products are being rolled out and, just as

enlightening, stories are being told of how MMJ has

changed peoples’ lives for the better.

This emergence from the shadows is captured well by

this month’s edition of Watermelon’s column, Baking

a Fool of Myself. From her idyllic, sun-filled days on

the beach to ‘the arrest’, Watermelon went from being

carefree and innocent to being targeted by the police.

She emerged stronger, thanks largely to love and

support by the people who helped fight for her.

Those early struggles by Watermelon and others

helped break down the stigma attached to cannabis.

As the walls begin to crumble, more and more people

are being helped. In many cases, people are turning

to products they wouldn’t have considered even just a

couple of years ago.

One of those people is Joanna Clifton. For years she

battled depression, migraines and lacked joy. She

turned to CBD oils as a last resort —and the results

turned her life around. Monica Rakowski tells Joanna’s

story in this issue.

There are many more positive stories to tell, and

through Hydrolife we are happy to tell them as we

continue to connect patients, practitioners and products

as we all Grow, Live, Heal and Enjoy.

GROW, LIVE, HEAL & ENJOY.

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1

2

4

3

own it

1. AnnaBís Whoopee

Vape Cases fit perfectly

inside your tote or handbag

when all you need are the

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charger or lighter. Dressed

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– annabisstyle.com

2. You love your ink, but you

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tattoo process.

– hustlebutter.com

3. SunPort is the world’s first

smart-grid solar delivery

device. Its proprietary

measure-and-match

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purchasing small fractions

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SunPort gives you a way to

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your own solar panels.

– sunport.co

4. Firefly 2 vaporizes looseleaf

and concentrates, heats

in seconds and delivers

consistently superb vapor

quality. It’s 55 per cent

lighter and 33 per cent

smaller than Firefly 1, with

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for this device, and it is USB

3.0 compatible. An extra

battery is also included so

you’re always ready to vape.

The Fire 2 also comes with

a cleaning kit and three

concentrate pads.

– thefirefly.com

18

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6

5

8

7

5. GoJoe Coffee Brewer

and Mug is the world’s first

travel mug that allows you

to brew coffee anywhere

at the touch of a button.

To use, simply insert the

special Hey Joe coffee pod,

add water and hit power. In

just four minutes, you’ll be

enjoying a 10-ounce coffee.

Monthly pod subscriptions

make the mug even easier

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a rechargeable battery.

– heyjoecoffee.com

6. Besides being hand-crafted,

durable, and reusable, No

Smell Bags feature ‘No

Smell Technology’. The

No Smell approach utilizes

unique design features

and incorporates a special

patented activatedcharcoal

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bag, delivering unrivaled

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This state-of-the-art material

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so you know it is

effective. No other bag can

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use ineffective plastic bag

imitators now that there is

‘No Smell’?

– nosmell.com

7. DL Wholesale’s best

trimmer just had a baby!

TrimIT Dry 1000 is

everything you already

know and love from the

TrimIT Dry 5000, now

featured in a more compact

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including the stand, locking

pin, protective plexi shield

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use with more delicate

plant material. TrimIT Dry

trimmers offer a full oneyear

warranty on all parts

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Trim your harvest with a

TrimIT Dry today!

– dlwholesale.com

8. ONYX Digital Scales

from American Weigh

feature touch-activated

keys embedded in a clean,

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four high-precision G-Force

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– awscales.com

myhydrolife.com grow. heal. live. enjoy. 19


ask kyle

Q

What

Photo by Kyle Kushman.

are your top recommendations for drying the most fragrant buds?

I don’t want to compromise quality at this stage in the game!

a

I want to start by saying

that drying and curing are

two distinct and separate

processes. Flowers must

be properly dried before

you can begin to cure them. Curing is

much more difficult and requires some

trial and error before you can achieve

a true cure. Experience will be your

best teacher.

In contrast, properly drying your bud is

a fairly straightforward process but you

must pay close attention to get it right.

What follows is my favorite technique

for producing the most flavorful buds

with all the qualities I desire when

smoking flowers.

Plants should be hung upside down

on a line, whole and intact, for five to

10 days. How long they need to hang

will depend on flower size and density.

Ambient temperature and humidity also

greatly affect drying times. Higher temperatures

and low humidity will hasten

drying, so you want to be able to control

the environment. For this reason, many

people use their growroom for drying.

Kyle Kushman is an internationally renowned marijuana

cultivator whose collaborations have earned 13 Medical Cannabis

Cup awards, including three US Cannabis Cups for Best Flowers. As

the creator of Vegamatrix, the only line of vegan and organic nutrients

designed for growing cannabis, Kyle continues to make advances for

people who want to cultivate the purest, cleanest medicine possible.

Do you have a question for Kyle?

Email editor@myhydrolife.com to get an answer.

The optimal humidity level to begin drying

is 50-55 per cent. After three to five

days you can lower the dehumidifier to

45-50 per cent. The optimal temperature

for drying is 70-72°F. Better a little cooler

than a little warmer.

You don’t want your dehumidifiers to

suck moisture from the plants. You only

want to remove the excess humidity

from the room, allowing the plants to

dry out naturally. You also don’t want

fans blow-drying your flowers either.

Just a little circulation in the room is all

you need. Quick drying causes harshness

in the smoke. Hanging whole

plants upside down forces a slower and

more even drying over the entire plant.

Moisture within the branches leach

water into the flowers until the capillaries

begin to harden. The plant’s tips

harden first, cutting off moisture from

the top buds, while the smallest buds

at the bottom of the plant will continue

to receive small amounts of water. This

technique ensures all the buds are

crispy and ready to be trimmed on the

same day. There is much debate over

the choice between trimming wet or dry;

that is, either to trim the leaf from the

buds right when you harvest, or wait

until the flowers are dried.

Oxidation, a fancy word describing the

evaporation of essential oils, is what

happens when you put dozens of scissor

gashes in fresh flowers. Once the flowers

have dried out, the capillaries that transport

water through the plant have also

dried out. The same concept of capillary

action applies here. The more access

points you create for air, the quicker the

plant will dry out. If your goal is smokability

and the tastiest flowers, then you

absolutely want to hang your plants

whole and trim after the bud is mostly

dry.

During the drying process, avoid

squeezing the flowers. Check the stems

daily and monitor the level of dryness.

When they begin to stiffen you may start

to check the dryness of the flowers. They

should be crispy on the outside and

you’ll start to be able to separate the

flowers from the stem by hand. Take into

consideration you will need time to chop

the plants up and remove the flowers.

Leave enough moisture in the flowers to

make it through trimming. I like to call

this bucking the flowers.

I’ve dried many crops with no controls

at all. Northern California is pretty

hospitable. The main killer of great bud

is low humidity and high heat. Make the

best of every situation by being vigilant.

Take it down before it is bone dry so you

never find yourself in the awful situation

of trying to rehydrate cannabis that has

been over dried.

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grow

THE BENEFITS

OF BIO-CONTROL

by Amanda Brown

When it comes to pest control and your crop, it pays to arm yourself

with good bugs before the bad bugs take over. Crop protection

specialist Amanda Brown provides an anecdote and helpful insight on

how to ensure the good bugs win and why bio-control is beneficial.

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PHOTO COURTESY OF

Making the best of

nature work for you.

Use biological control as your first line of defense! It is good for you,

your staff, your crop, your customers and the environment.

Success starts with knowing the enemy and learning how to prevent

them from establishing in your plants, using our many species

of beneficial insects and predatory mites. Work with one of our

consultants to design and maintain the bio-control program tailored

specifically for your operation. Contact us at antonin@biobest.ca

DISTRIBUTED BY

BIOBESTGROUP.COM


grow

War of the Bugs

I walked into the room looking pretty cool with my

sunglasses over my glasses, decked out in a Tyvek

suit four times too big, and braced for the worst. What

I saw was even worse than that. A sea of spider mite

webbing covered the entire crop, flowers and all. The

entire facility was infested and sprays that had long

ago stopped being effective were being applied every

two days. Needless to say, this was not the best time to

start a bio-control program, but the growers were left

with no other option. So we began strategizing. It’s the

quintessential Good Bug vs. Bad Bug conflict, and we

had to be sure that good would prevail.

“A BIO-CONTROL PROGRAM INVOLVES

RELEASING BENEFICIAL ORGANISMS

THAT WILL FEED ON OR KILL THE PESTS

THREATENING YOUR CROP. ”

Bio-Control

Bio-control for cannabis makes

perfect sense. It reduces the time

required for spraying and exposure

to employees, it eliminates the need

for chemicals on a medicinal crop,

it’s affordable and it works. A biocontrol

program involves releasing

beneficial organisms that will feed

on or kill the pests threatening your

crop. With a preventative approach,

growers know that the good bugs

are in their crop working hard before

anyone, even an experienced scout,

has spotted a pest yet.

Bio-Control Agents

Bio-control agents can be

predatory mites, parasitic wasps

or entomopathogenic nematodes,

just to name a few. They are your

warriors, and it is always wise to

build your army before the pests

build theirs. Some bio-control agents

can feed on other food sources,

and so can be released with this

alternate food before any pests are

present in the crop. Other bio-control

agents are so specific they will only

feed on spider mites, for example.

In this case, we sometimes release

them preventatively, knowing

they will die if they don’t find food,

but that they will save you from

headaches later if they do find their

food source.

Spider Mites Bio-Control

You’re wondering what happened

to that spider mite infestation,

aren’t you? The webbed crop was

vacuumed and much of it damaged,

but we immediately implemented

a preventative bio-control program

in all the upcoming veg plants and

clones. Four weeks later I returned

to the facility and the plants in that

same room were literally spotless.

Within three months the entire

facility was clean and spider mites

were no longer an issue.

How Did We Do It?

Californicus is a predatory mite

that feeds on spider mites, but

also feeds on other small mites

and pollen. These mites come in

small waterproof packages called

sachets which can be hung from the

branches. Californicus sachets were

hung one per plant as soon as clones

were transplanted. This means

that the californicus has enough

food in the sachet to stay alive

and reproduce for up to six weeks,

providing a protective army during

that time.

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grow

“IT IS ALWAYS WISE TO

BUILD YOUR ARMY BEFORE

THE PESTS BUILD THEIRS. ”

For extra precaution we also hung

a small box from each plant in veg

(called bioboxes) and filled them

with a small amount of Phytoseiulus

persimilis (a.k.a. persimilis) each

week. Persimilis is a bright orange

predatory mite with a voracious

appetite for spider mites, and only

spider mites. Since they refuse to

feed on anything else, we assume

they die within five days of not

eating, and thus, release more in

small amounts each week. Since

the rooms and mother plants were

infested with mites, we were quite

safe in assuming there was food for

them, at least initially.

We also made sure to sprinkle

persimilis over the canopy of the

clones as well to make sure they

were protected from the start. The

weekly persimilis applications

into the bioboxes were all the way

through veg and flower, initially,

but once control is achieved and the

sources of contamination have been

cleaned up, you can back off.

Photo submitted.

Keys to Success

Bio-control is exciting, fun to watch

and can be incredibly successful.

It does, however, require some

patience and problem solving

occasionally to determine exactly

which strategies work best for your

facility and growing style. In the

best case scenario, a plan should be

in place before you even have plants

in plugs. In the worst case scenario,

you need to persevere until things

have cleaned up and then

implement a proactive and

preventative approach. It

also helps to have someone

who loves bugs and is

willing to look for them and

release them, and you need

to be patient with them when

they occasionally spend an

entire 10 minutes watching

a predatory mite devour a

spider mite. It comes with the

territory, extreme bug nerds

need apply!

Amanda Brown works with

Biobest Canada as a Biological

Crop Protection Specialist.

She has 10 years’ experience

in IPM and works in food,

ornamental and medicinal

crops. Amanda strongly

believes that using biological

control is safer, effective and

the way of the future. Products

in the USA are distributed

through Urban-Gro.

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grow

BC’S BEST

BUD

BY JENN MCGARRIGLE | Just south

of Nanaimo, a city of about 85,000

people on Vancouver Island in British

Columbia, is one of the largest

and most sophisticated medical

cannabis cultivation facilities in the

world. Tilray offers pharmaceuticalgrade

medical cannabis products to

patients, pharmacies and researchers

in Canada, Australia, the European

Union and the Americas. CEO Greg

Engel shares a few more details for

Hydrolife readers.

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myhydrolife.com grow. heal. live. enjoy. 31


grow

"WALK INTO THE COMPANY’S STATE-OF-THE-ART, $26-MILLION

FACILITY ON ANY GIVEN DAY AND YOU’LL SEE ROUGHLY 40,000

PLANTS GROWING IN 31 CULTIVATION ROOMS."

If you want the best, most reliable, consistent and potent medical

cannabis available in Canada, make sure you’ve got Tilray on speed

dial. The owners of the Nanaimo, BC-based company jumped into the

green scene three years ago, after legal conditions became just right

for large commercial growers who were able to offer consistent, highquality

supplies of cannabis grown in controlled conditions.

At the time, the Canadian government changed the rules regulating

access to medical cannabis, allowing patients to choose from

multiple licensed producers. Privateer Holdings, Tilray’s parent

company, along with investors from around the world, all of whom

believe in access, saw an opportunity to dive into the medical

cannabis business.

The company’s name was selected by the Privateer team in

collaboration with Heckler Associates—the same branding company

that helped name Starbucks. “Til” is meant to represent or call to mind

the tilling of the earth and “ray” refers to rays of the sun.

In April 2014, the first order shipped out, and the company has grown

in leaps and bounds since then to become one of the country’s largest

and most respected licensed producers. Tilray has also begun to

offer its pharmaceutical-grade products to patients, pharmacies and

researchers in Australia, the European Union and the Americas.

Walk into the company’s state-of-the-art, $26-million facility on

any given day and you’ll see roughly 40,000 plants growing in 31

cultivation rooms, as well as three labs and 10 manufacturing and

processing areas. Tilray grows more than 50 different strains of

medical cannabis. “We started out with a much broader selection

of strains and then in response to feedback from our patients, we

reduced the offering to a core group of strains to ensure patients have

a consistent supply of the same strains to meet their personal needs,”

explains CEO Greg Engel. “Having discreet rooms with controlled

conditions enables us to manipulate different variables, such as

water amounts, light exposure, nutrient delivery systems and more,

on a strain-by-strain basis at different points throughout the plants’

life cycles.”

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grow

Growing cannabis in such controlled conditions

allows Tilray to offer its customers peace of mind

through unparalleled quality and consistency.

“Thousands of patients across Canada depend on

us for consistent access to safe, reliable, pure and

effective medicine every day,” says Engel. “Our team

of experts, which includes PhD research scientists,

professional managers, manufacturing executives,

patient advocates, botanists and horticulturalists, are

industry leaders in their fields who are on the cuttingedge

of advancing the science, safety and efficacy of

medical cannabis for physicians and patients.”

Tilray’s dried flower products include both THConly

strains and CBD strains that contain some THC.

With the Supreme Court of Canada’s historic ruling

earlier this year affirming Canadians’ constitutional

right to possess non-dried forms of marijuana, the

company is also able to offer patients alternatives to

smoking. The company’s line of extract products—the

widest selection available under the federal MMPR

program in Canada—is produced using state-of-theart

ethanol and CO 2 extraction methods to preserve

delicate cannabinoid and terpene content. “Some of

our patients, for instance pediatric patients wishing

to access our CBD products, do not wish to consume

a dried flower product via smoking, and the extracts

GETTING TECHNICAL

JOSHUA EADES, TILRAY’S

VICE-PRESIDENT AND CHIEF

SCIENCE OFFICER, SHARES

SOME OF THE COMPANY’S

SECRETS TO SUCCESS IN

THE GROWROOM:

“In a largescale,

high-tech

cultivation

facility like Tilray,

technologies

that allow for

automated,

precise control are paramount.

For instance, our automated

nutrient delivery system allows

our horticulture team to easily

control and monitor delivery of

water and nutrients to plants. These

systems allow customized nutrient

recipes that can be administered,

for instance, to different strains in

different rooms. The same is true for

automated environmental controls

that ensure the temperature and

relative humidity in each cultivation

room is at the perfect level to

promote healthy plant growth.

All data from these systems is

logged and tracked, allowing for

the monitoring of trends that may

impact plant growth. The most

important investment we made,

in addition to bringing in the best

employees possible, was our

environmental control systems.

In terms of our extract-based

products, we have invested in hightech

equipment to maximize the

extraction of beneficial compounds

found in the cannabis plant. We are

able to accurately formulate these

products to ensure precise dosing

for our patients. This extraction

equipment uses supercritical liquid

CO 2 , which evaporates from the

final product as a harmless gas,

and is thus considered a solventless

extraction method.”

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grow

To learn more and view patient

videos, visit tilray.com.

"MEDICAL CANNABIS HAS ENORMOUS POTENTIAL TO SUPPORT PATIENTS

AND PHYSICIANS LOOKING FOR ALTERNATE TREATMENT OPTIONS."

are an excellent alternative for these patients,” says Engel. “These extracts

offer patients and physicians more precise control over dosage as well as a

convenient alternative to smoking or vaporizing. Extracts are also critically

important for the future of research investigating medical cannabis as a therapy

for specific conditions. We currently offer both THC and CBD drops, which are

oil-based products.”

Engel believes medical cannabis has enormous potential to support patients

and physicians looking for alternate treatment options. To better understand

the possibilities, Tilray is funding clinical research to advance the scientific

understanding of the safety and efficacy of cannabis as a therapeutic treatment

option for patients with various conditions, and is working on several clinical

trials in Australia, Canada and Spain. In 2016 and 2017, the company also plans

to open additional production facilities in Australia, the EU and the US.

Jenn McGarrigle is a writer, editor, gardener, mountain biker and nature lover who has lived on the

West Coast all her life. When she’s not telling stories and helping people get the word out about the

exciting things they do and why they do them, you’ll find her on the trails or in her garden.

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grow

Bud

Light

LIGHTING IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR ANY INDOOR GROWER.

QUALITY, EFFICIENCY, COST AND COVERAGE ARE CRITERIA TO BE CONSIDERED WHEN

PURCHASING LIGHTS FOR YOUR GROWROOM. TONY, A LIGHTING EXPERT FROM DUTCH

PASSION SEED COMPANY, OFFERS THE LOW-DOWN ON THE LATEST IN LIGHTING.

BY TONY

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myhydrolife.com grow. heal. live. enjoy. 39


grow

"THE RIGHT TECHNOLOGY

FOR YOU DEPENDS ON

YOUR BUDGET, APPROACH

TO NEW TECHNOLOGY, AND THE

CHALLENGES YOU FACE IN YOUR QUEST

FOR HOME GROWN SELF-SUFFICIENCY."

Indoor growers have never had as much choice for

grow light technology as they do today. In addition to

the faithful old HPS technology there are competitive

newer technologies such as the rapidly maturing LED,

and the emerging ceramic metal halide lights which

offer something completely new.

The right technology for you depends

on your budget, approach to new

technology, and the challenges you

face in your quest for home grown

self-sufficiency. Here is an overview

of the main options and latest

developments.

HPS

Without

doubt HPS is the

lowest cost mainstream way to buy

yourself an indoor grow light capable

of serious bud production. HPS may

be cheap to buy but it doesn’t boast

the lowest running costs due to

the inherent inefficiency of ageing

HPS technology. HPS was adapted

to work for indoor growing rather

than designed specifically for

it. HPS produces a lot of heat, and

it uses a lot of energy producing

less useful orange and yellow light

wavelengths. The heat can be dealt

with through extraction, and in hot

climates air conditioning can be

used to reduce heat to manageable

levels. HPS running costs also include

regular bulb replacements after three

to four cycles.

For a 4x4 foot growroom a 600W HPS

is often recommended. A 400W HPS

is often recommended for a 3x3 foot

growroom. 1,000W HPS lights tend to

be used only in larger rooms, such

as 5x5 foot or more. However, many

growers feel superior performance

and better light spread is achieved by

swapping 1,000W HPS lights for larger

numbers of 600W units.

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grow

LED

LED is slowly entering the mainstream as

component costs reduce in price while LED

intensity improves year-on-year. LED has a higher

purchase cost than HPS, but the running costs

are lower. The LED grow light market is confused

by the presence of premium quality suppliers

(including some of the US-manufactured grow

lights) and the lower quality imports from the

far east. Comparing apples with apples is not

always easy and the buyer is advised to do their

research carefully. A good quality LED with a 400W

power draw can replace a 600W HPS and use 33

per cent less energy than a 600W HPS in a typical

4x4 foot growroom. In addition, there is less waste

heat generated, no bulb replacements and a much more

precise light spectrum. Anyone with a 3x3 foot growroom

looking to use LED should be looking for around a 250W

power draw from good quality components. The better quality

LED manufacturers use LEDs which convert 40-50 per cent

of the electricity into wavelength specific light. Scrutinize

specifications carefully, because many of the lower cost

imported LED grow lights use cheaper LEDs which convert

only 25 per cent (or less) of the electrical energy to light. They

may still have the same power draw as a more expensive grow

light but they are producing significantly less light than the

market leading LED chips.

"MANY PROFESSIONAL

GROWERS ARE SEEING THE

SPECTRAL FLEXIBILITY, REDUCED

RUNNING COSTS AND REDUCED

COST-OF-OWNERSHIP AS THE MOST

COMPELLING REASONS TO SWITCH TO LED."

LED grow lights are also programmable, this allows

variable levels of blue and red light to be introduced

at varying stages of the grow. Red wavelengths

will promote more stretching, blue light will do the

opposite. Red is more useful in bloom, blue is more

useful in early veg growth. Many professional growers

are seeing the spectral flexibility, reduced running costs

and reduced cost-of-ownership as the most compelling

reasons to switch to LED. The main objection to LED for

home growing has been the high purchase price. But

a few quick calculations show that LED grow light

technology eventually pays for itself through energy

savings after a few grow cycles.

Plasma

Light emitting plasma (LEP or simply ‘plasma’) is a

premium priced grow light technology that appeals to

those looking for maximum quality. The wavelengths

produced by plasma are similar to the sun—full spectrum

growing. Plasma enthusiasts will claim that the quality

of the smoke is enhanced by the more natural spectrum

which includes some of the wavelengths missing in HPS,

including UV. Many growers will add a plasma light to

complement (rather than replace) the existing lights—it’s

a good way of improving the light spectrum available to

the plants. But the cost still deters many.

CMH

Ceramic metal

halide (also

known as

light emitting

ceramic) is an

emerging new

technology

previously

used in

photographic

lighting. Traditional

metal halide lighting

uses quartz to provide

the light source, with CMH

a ceramic material is used for the light source which

improves both the efficiency and the spectral output of

the resulting light. The improved spectral output and

efficiency improvement have been attractive to indoor

growers and the results are impressive. CMH, like LED,

seems to be a more progressive approach to lighting

technology than HPS and offers some benefits. Research

and development continues with CMH, and many

expect it to be an area which will see further

development in areas such as spectral output and power

improvements. One of the more common options, a 315W

CMH light is well-suited to a 3x3 foot growroom and will

be a good replacement for a 400W HPS.

42

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grow

"ONE OF THE BIGGEST FIXED

COSTS FOR COMMERCIAL

CANNABIS CULTIVATORS IS

THE ELECTRICAL COSTS FOR

RUNNING DOZENS OF 600W

HPS FIXTURES."

Impact of New Plant Genetics

Many home growers have started to grow autoflowering

cannabis varieties in the last couple of years. These grow

under 20 (or even 24) hours of daily light from seed to harvest

in around 70 days. Often, the harvests from an autoflower

exceed those from a photoperiod variety grown under the

same conditions in the same time period. That’s simply

because autoflowers have the advantage of blooming under

20-plus hours of daylight with consequential advantages in

biomass for autos compared to a photoperiod variety which

has just 12 hours of photosynthesis in bloom. The result for

home growers is that the grow light is often running for 20 or

24 hours per day instead of 12. This allows heavier harvests

in shorter timescales, something all home

growers love. But the trade-off is higher

electricity costs. That’s another factor

accelerating the adoption of high

efficiency lighting such as LED.

Commercial vs.

Home Growers

One of the biggest fixed costs for

commercial cannabis cultivators is the

electrical costs for running dozens of 600W HPS fixtures. A

number of commercial growers have started swapping out

their 600W HPS lights for good quality (300W-400W) LED

replacements. The reduced electricity costs mean that the

payback on the LED lights can be achieved within a couple of

years. Many expect the trend away from HPS towards LED will

continue, but that is expected to be an evolution rather than a

revolution simply because of the upfront costs to upgrade.

The self-sufficient home grower is often operating to a

different set of parameters. Quality rather than efficiency

is frequently the main motivator. Many home growers

regard their growroom as one area of their life where

compromise is not necessary. For the enthusiastic hobby

grower, cost is sometimes no obstacle to the onward and

upward improvements to their grow room. And that quest for

continued performance and better quality cannabis, both for

commercial and domestic production, will ensure continued

investment and advancement in growroom lighting

technology for years to come.

Tony has been part of the Dutch Passion Seed Company

for 10 years, with a lifelong love of the cannabis plant

and cannabis breeding. He has a particular interest in the

evolution of autoflowering cannabis, selective breeding of

varieties rich in minor cannabinoids, and unusual genetic

lines. His ambition is to see cannabis widely legalized and

made available as a mainstream medicine.

44

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grow

Cut and Dried:

A Monthly Look at Different MMJ Strains

This month’s featured strain, Purple Berry, grows well in indoor environments because

of its average-sized stature. Best enjoyed at the end of a long day, the finished product

is perfectly dense and delivers a welcoming combination of sativa and indica effects.

by Lacey Macri

Blazin’ Purps

Blaze, of Sacramento, California,

describes her favorite all-around strain

to grow, as well as medicate with: Purple

Berry. She reports that it is a great

medicine for beginners, whether they are

growing it or consuming it.

Origin & Genetics

Blaze’s particular strain of Purple Berry

is bred from seed from a cross between

DJ Short Blueberry and Purple Kush.

Unlike its name, DJ Short Blueberry can

actually stretch fairly tall in its early

developmental stages of growth due to

its sativa roots. Purple Berry picked up

some height from DJ Short, but it doesn’t

get so huge it cannot be grown indoors.

This heavy hybrid is characteristically

indica-dominant in nature, but due to

its extensive lineage, Blaze’s strain has

some renowned sativa effects as well.

Physical Description

The flowers of Purple Berry are generously

frosted and the color appears to

be on the cooler end of the spectrum,

including pastel shades of greens, blues

and purples. Blaze says another perk

about this medicine is its perfect density;

patients do not need to use a grinder

to avoid waste when preparing their

medicine as it can be easily pulled apart

by hand. However, it has been known to

leave you with pretty sticky fingers when

it is fresh. Not so oddly enough, Purple

Berry smells just like berries right off

the plant. It’s sweet and earthy, and will

produce a thick plume of smoke or vapor,

leaving the room smelling rich with

traces of pine and even chocolate.

Medical Uses

Purple Berry is a well-rounded medicine

that will help with a number of different

conditions. Patients will experience the

mild euphoric head high you get from

a sativa, while relaxing your body and

reducing pain like after medicating with

an indica. Some patients may experience

moderate mental cloudiness if too

much is consumed, so it is advised to

save this strain for the evenings when

all of your responsibilities and chores

have been completed. Patients suffering

from depression and listlessness may

also find positive effects while using

this strain, as it is uplifting in nature

and typically doesn’t spawn any sort of

paranoia or heart-pounding like some of

the heftier strains out there.

Growing Patterns

This strain grows well in an indoor

environment because of its averagesized

stature. However, healthy plants

will likely fill your whole grow tent to

maximum capacity. Blaze grows this

strain year-round in a sterile environment

using an ebb and flow system and highquality,

super-soluble liquid nutrients.

Purple Berry is known to be highly

resistant against pests and diseases,

so assuming proper cleanliness and

conditions are met, Blaze says she rarely

runs into devastating issues.

“ It’s sweet and earthy,

and will produce a thick

plume of smoke or vapor,

leaving the room smelling

rich with traces of pine

and even chocolate.”

The first time she ever grew this strain,

she was slightly taken aback by a peculiar

development in the later stages of

flowering. “There were these long chutes

that would literally shoot up way beyond

the rest of the colas that made them look

like quails,” she says. At first she was

worried something had gone wrong, but

after doing some research, she determined

that this was a classic trait of this

particular phenotype. “There is nothing

wrong with the elongated chutes; they

are actually very potent,” she says. “We

typically use them to make concentrates

and edibles, but they definitely need to be

trimmed away because they are severely

lacking in sexiness.”

Overall, Purple Berry is a heavy yielder

and overall very forgiving plant in most

any situation that comes your way.

Lacey Macri works as head of sales at

CleanGrow, focusing her time on business

development within the company.

She received a bachelor’s degree in

communications and psychology from

the University of California, Davis in 2011,

where she worked at the California Aggie

student newspaper on campus.

46

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grow

Is It Time to Say Goodbye

to Your Fan Leaves?

by Cory Hughes | Dense canopies can cause a

variety of problems in your growroom. By taking

the time to get hands-on with your plants and

removing excess fan leaves, you can save yourself

a ton of heat and moisture related problems.

By far, one of the most overlooked practices in maintaining

a pest- and mildew-free environment for your cannabis

plants is the manual removal of fan leaves. Removing

excess fan leaves and creating airflow to the central,

denser areas of your canopy is essential in maximizing

yields. Balancing your temperature and humidity is a good

start, but it’s not enough to produce the end results you are

looking for. You need proper ventilation and air circulation

in order to optimize your plants’ ability to take in the

rich atmosphere around them. Sometimes, however, due to

the density of your canopy, airflow can become restricted

despite having a good HVAC and ventilation system.

If your plants are in late stage and looking great, but you

find pockets of powdery mildew when you dig into the

dense canopy, manual removal could have probably saved

you some heartache. Powdery mildew is a fungal disease

that at a glance looks like baking flour dusted on your

plants. It thrives in warm, moist conditions. Sometimes this

“dust” can be ejected from the plant, resulting in a small

puff. Gross. The manual removal of fan leaves located deep

in your canopy opens tunnels through which fresh air can

flow. Why do you need tunnels of air? Opening up your

canopy keeps temperatures cool in those deep, dark places.

When the density of your canopy reaches a certain point,

temperatures and humidity can rise. The fresh, cool air

from your HVAC just can’t efficiently reach the central

dense areas. Having pockets of warmer, moist air doesn’t

always lead to problems with powdery mildew. If the

spores aren’t there, then they just aren’t there, but to not

find powdery mildew, and to some degree mites, in a home

or commercial grow, is rare.

Another problem that may arise is an infestation of spider

mites. Spider mites, much like powdery mildew, love warm,

humid conditions. These are pests that are hard to completely

remove. As a friend of mine once put it, it’s about integrated

pest management, not integrated pest eradication.

The time you really want to watch for dense pockets of fan

leaves is in the mid to late stages. In early stages, density

is not a problem. Plus, in early stages you want your plants

to grow up and out, using as many fan leaves as possible to

suck up energy from your lights. Now, this might be obvious,

but I have to say it anyway: if you are not concerned with

maximizing weight through plant count, and are growing

for more aficionado purposes, then odds are you are not

going to have many of the same problems with your canopy.

The only manual removal that should probably have been

done in this instance is your basic bottom pruning. But if

weight is your goal, plant count will get you there, and

manual removal is your friend.

Here is my strategy for manual fan removal: I like to

imagine a point deep in the canopy—one I obviously cannot

see. From there it is as simple as removing the fan leaves

that are blocking my view. Walk along the side of your tray

or growing space and look between each cola. If you can’t

see into the heart of the canopy, feel free to start plucking

leaves, but be careful not to remove the precious sugar

leaves that circle your colas. Those tiny crystalline beauties

can go on to make extractions, so you might want to leave

them. At first you should only be concerned about removing

the large fan leaves that are obstructing airflow to the core

of your canopy, and then approach the removal process from

different angles. Stand above your plants and look down.

Are there any colas being blocked from the light by excess

fan leaves? They should be removed to not only open airflow,

but to clear paths of light to areas that may have fallen

into the shadows.

If you have to manually remove powdery mildew-covered

leaves, it won’t entirely remove the problem, but it’s a start.

You are really only removing the leaves to prevent the

mildew from spreading further. At this point, you really

should have tackled the problem sooner. Not much consolation,

I know, but I’m here to help you prevent these problems

in the future. Monitoring your canopy and tackling fan leaf

removal early enough will save you a headache later on.

Growing cannabis is one heck of a balancing act. The

manual removal of fan leaves to control pockets of humidity

and prevent fungal infections is just one part of a larger

pest management program. Keeping away the critters and

the mildews may seem challenging, but putting to use best

practices of an integrated pest management system works.

Manual fan removal is one of the easiest and best ways to

boost the health of your plants.

Cory Hughes is a former police officer turned full-time

commercial grower in Denver, Colorado.

48

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heal

Can Medical Cannabis Relieve

Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Physicians are still advised to counsel against cannabis-based

medication as a first response, but as research increases, evidence

shows cannabis does reduce pain. Chris Bond sources recent

studies to explain why cannabis can play a bigger role in pain relief,

beginning with rheumatoid arthritis.

By Chris Bond

Cannabis as a medical treatment for individuals suffering

with pain and inflammation is becoming a more accepted

treatment, especially in the United States and Canada. A 2014

article from the journal Arthritis Care and Research reports

that up to 80 per cent of patients in the United States and up to

65 per cent of patients in Canada that seek medically prescribed

cannabis do so in order to alleviate the severe pain

inflicted from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or other musculoskeletal

pain.

As a pain reliever, cannabis has been known to be

effective for at least 5,000 years. In clinical trials in

Western medicine, however, it has only been seriously

studied for the last 20 years. Indications of its efficacy

in controlling symptoms of RA specifically are

somewhat lacking according to an article as recent

as 2014 in the International Journal of

Clinical Rheumatology. The medicinal

use of cannabis is, of course, known

to relieve stress, promote sleep and

increase appetite for those that are

in need of either gaining weight or

increasing their nutrition. There

are side effects for many though

that should be considered before

using cannabis as a treatment for

RA. The stimulation of appetite

may not be a desirable outcome

of individuals that may already

be overweight or obese. Cannabis

use, especially if over-used

by those self-medicating, can

have mood effects, cognitive

and psychological impairment

and changes in the cardiovascular

system. Those individuals that

smoke cannabis as opposed to taking it

in a pharmaceutically prepared form such

as a pill or spray may also experience negative

respiratory symptoms. Despite these side

effects, there are several forms of cannabinoids

that, due to extensive study, do have known efficacy

and predictable side effects for individuals

suffering from arthritis.

50

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heal

“As a pain reliever, cannabis has

been known to be effective for at

least 5,000 years.”

The same 2014 issue

of the International

Journal of Clinical Rheumatology

as referenced

above cites three

such examples of

these cannabinoids.

A synthetic

“analogue” of

tetrahydrocannabinol

(THC) is the product

Nabilone. Dronabinol is another, which is a stereoisomer of

THC. A spray form has also been developed, Nabiximols.

These pharmaceutical developments have been created to

have more long-term anti-inflammatory effects and fewer

psychoactive effects than the recreational forms of cannabis.

A 2006 article in the Journal of Rheumatology cites yet

another cannabis-based medication (CBM), Sativex.

A double-blind, five-week long study conducted by British

researchers from the departments of Rheumatology at

Northampton General Hospital, Selly Oak Hospital, the

Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases and the

Cannabinoid Research Institute at Oxford studied the efficacy

of Sativex on 58 individuals suffering from RA. They

found statistically significant improvement from the individuals

actually receiving Sativex and not a placebo. These

improvements ranged from the patients achieving more and

better sleep to experiencing less pain and attaining better

scores on the standard inflammation activity measure test,

the DAS28. The improved sleep resulting from the use of

Sativex was postulated by the researchers to be due to the

pain relief of the medication, and not from any hypnotic effect

of the medication.

Israeli researchers as cited in a 2016 article from the

Israeli publication Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal

are not as sure, but still suggest that CBMs could help with

the pain associated with suffering from RA. Only 17 per

cent of the Israeli rheumatologists who were surveyed suggested

that there was “no role” for cannabis as a treatment

option for those suffering from symptoms of arthritis. Those

83 per cent who did feel there was a role were “willing

to prescribe herbal cannabis if other treatments failed.”

A noted shortcoming of this study, however, was its low

response rate from professionals that could be unfairly

influencing its outcomes.

Evidence cited in the Journal of Experimental and Integrative

Medicine is supportive of the role of cannabis in

treating pain and suffering associated with RA. It notes the

role cannabis plays as an anti-inflammatory agent and pain

reducer. Cannabis can remove harmful stimuli and help to

begin the process of healing the damaged tissues that can

result from arthritis. Additionally, rheumatoid joints contain

high numbers of receptors for cannabinoids making this

particular treatment highly effective. The article further

states cannabis’ ability to inhibit edema, a sometimes sideeffect

of inflammation where fluid can accumulate between

the joints and the skin.

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grow heal

“Cannabis can remove harmful stimuli and help to begin the process of healing

the damaged tissues that can result from arthritis.”

More recently (June 2015) here in the US, the Obama administration

removed the Public Health Service (PHS) review, which

had previously made available funding for research into the

health benefits of medicinal cannabis use extremely scarce

and difficult to obtain. This will also increase the amounts

of cannabis that researchers can have on hand at

any given time during their study. Ironically, this

same review initiated during the Clinton presidency

was intended to make research funds available

to start looking into the health benefits of cannabis.

Its cumbersomeness ended up creating unintended

roadblocks and impediments for researchers. Researchers

Fabian Hernandez and Sathees Chandra

of the Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of

Nursing and Health Sciences at Barry University, stated

in a 2016 article in the Journal of Experimental and Integrative

Medicine that this removal “will initiate the next

generation of research on cannabis. By permitting more

federal funding and access to samples, the medicinal

benefit and their bio-molecular pathways will be better

understood… as federal funding for cannabis research

increases all over the world, a better understanding

of these healing benefits will be reached.” Hernandez

and Chandra cite the undeniable evidence of the benefits of

cannabis to sufferers of not only RA, but other inflammatory

ailments as well as its benefits to those afflicted with anything

from insomnia, broken bones and cancer.

It seems as if there is hope for those suffering from the painful

effects of rheumatoid arthritis to be found from CBMs.

Physicians, though, are still obligated to counsel

against their use as a first response. Factors such as

a patient’s past recreational use of cannabis, their history

of addiction and family history of mental and psychoactive

disorders must all be taken into account before

a health professional will likely prescribe a cannabisbased

pharmaceutical for sufferers of RA.

Chris Bond is the horticulturist at Case Western

Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and host of

the Keeping It Green radio program. His primary

role is co-ordinator of the university’s Farm Food

Program, but Chris also teaches classes about

growing food. His research interests are sustainable

agriculture and alternative growing methods.

54

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For Retail and Distributor Information Please Call 1.877.384.9376 (Toll Free)

BIOFLORAL.COM


heal

Canna

// We All Be Happy? //

Joanna

Clifton's

Story

BY MONICA RAKOWSKI

In pain, numb and depressed, Joanna Clifton spent years feeling

unfulfilled and emotionless. She eventually turned to cannabis

oil to ease her migraines, and it worked. It also opened up a

brighter new world full of joy and empathy. Monica Rakowski

shares her story.

These days, an average day for Joanna Clifton, 33, might include playing

with her kids, volunteering at the local food bank or painting in her

backyard. The joy these activities bring Joanna

eluded her a few years ago. Back then, Joanna

was experiencing painful migraines on a

regular basis, fighting depression, and barely

felt her emotions. She was not the happy woman

I know, and truth be told, she didn’t know what

happy felt like.

// Her genetic

mutation

caused a

disruption

in her

methylation

cycles. //

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Studies

are also

showing

evidence that

cannabinoids

reduce

chronic pain

and improve

mood. //

THE DIAGNOSIS

When a DNA test revealed to Joanna that she had a genetic mutation

causing these problems, she was able to begin understanding

her condition. Her genetic mutation caused a disruption in her

methylation cycles. The methylation cycle is important because it

converts vitamins and amino acids from our food into the energy

our bodies need to work properly. It removes toxins, fights infection

and creates healthy cells. The cycle also produces neurotransmitters

such as serotonin and dopamine, the chemicals responsible for

balancing our mood.

If your methylation cycle is functioning properly, you will be in a

good mood and feel full of energy. If it is not functioning properly,

you will be more susceptible to infection and your mind will feel

foggy. You’ll feel depressed, tired, irritable and run-down. Needless

to say, Joanna didn’t feel good most of the time. Her genetic mutation caused her

to feel emotions at about a 70 per cent lower level than most people, and she

constantly battled depression.

THE CANNABIS CURE

Although she didn’t care for it when she was younger, she decided to try

medical cannabis to treat her extreme migraines. She found that CBD oil and

Rick Simpson oil were the most effective in treating her pain. Over the course of

the next eight years, her migraines became less frequent and eventually went

away altogether.

She began experiencing other positive benefits as well. For the first time in her

life, she was feeling her emotions at a heightened level. Her face lights up when

she talks about feeling empathy for the first time in her life. These new feelings

pushed her to take steps that ultimately pointed her life in a happier direction.

With less pain to wear her down and more empathy in her heart, Joanna has

learned to experience situations from other people’s perspectives. She says

cannabis helped her to reflect on and process the ugly parts of her past in a way

she had never been able to before. She realized we are all broken and fighting

our own battles. She apologized to those she hurt, and in the process lost her

ego and gained humility.

THE SCIENCE

Recent studies support Joanna’s experience using cannabis to treat her migraines,

depression and emotional health. Our bodies have an entire endocannabinoid

system, and studies are showing that endocannabinoid deficiencies play a role in

migraines, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, depression, chronic pain and

a growing list of other medical conditions. In fact, a substantial body of evidence

suggests the endocannabinoid and opioidergic systems interact symbiotically in

areas of the brain associated with emotional and pain processing.

Studies are also showing evidence that cannabinoids reduce chronic pain and

improve mood. A study published in The Clinical Journal of Pain (February 2016)

ascertained that the treatment of chronic pain with medicinal cannabis resulted in

improved pain and functional outcomes, and a significant reduction in opioid use.

Results of a study published in Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior (June

2010) show that THC and other cannabinoids exert antidepressant-like action and

contribute to the overall mood-elevating properties of cannabis. A study published

in Neuropharmacology (April 2016) concluded that CBDs could be a fast-acting

antidepressant drug. Once again, cannabis is gaining prestige as an effective

antidepressant and pain reliever.

Studies offer us facts, figures and scientific explanations of how cannabis heals

our body, but Joanna is a living, breathing success story. Her quality of life has

increased dramatically since she started using medical cannabis. Before, she was

in pain, emotionally numb and depressed. Now her days are spent creating fulfilling

memories with her loved ones. Cannabis has accomplished what nothing else could,

and it has made all the difference.

Monica Rakowski has

been an avid gardener

for seven years and

currently owns KP Indoor

Garden Store in Lakebay,

Washington. She is

passionate about

gardening, sustainable

living and holistic

health. Monica writes

about these topics in

her column for her local

paper and on her blog at

thenaturelifeproject.com.

myhydrolife.com grow. heal. live. enjoy. 57


heal

Herbal

ASK A NURSE: APPETITE & ECZEMA

Q

Dear Nurse Jessica,

My mother is a cannabis patient and she is currently

undergoing chemotherapy. She loses her appetite

completely after treatment and says that her food

tastes “off” when she tries to eat. She also has

restless leg syndrome and bad eczema on her hands

and arms. Any suggestions?

Daughter

Dear Daughter,

Working in conjunction with your mother’s doctors

A

and holistic practitioners to support her process

is highly recommended. Please note that my

suggestions as a nurse are meant to be taken as

guidelines derived from my personal experiences

with patients and research. Enduring chemotherapy is exasperating,

not only for the patient but for the family and friends

connected. My heart goes out to your mother and your family

during this time of healing.

Appetite loss was designed for Mary Jane in my opinion.

Common strains for appetite stimulation that patients

gravitate to include White Widow, Jack Herer, Super Lemon

Haze, Girl Scout Cookies, Afgan Kush, Northern Light

Special and Lemon OG Kush.

Trying a cannabis tincture/oil to stimulate the palate and

activate the salivary glands may assist. The concentration

of the oil will provide longer cannabis relief as she rests and

allows herself to sleep and heal. Using affirmational healing

and meditation may also assist with your mother’s discomfort.

Louise Hay’s book You Can Heal Your Life is a personal favorite,

especially for positive motivation.

Eczema can be treated topically with a thick infused salve or

a light lotion. Both are used often by patients I see and seem to

clear up dryness and relieve pain. Hydration and water intake

are key. Internally, eczema often indicates that digestion is not

in a good place. She can find great herbal support here with

cannabis and with other readily available plant medicines.

Some other common herbs that might be used for digestive

issues include:

• Plantain: This herb is soothing and can help to heal scars

in the lining of the stomach. Great as a calming cup of tea.

• Lemon balm: A garden plant that’s easy to grow and widely

available at nurseries will help to ease tension in the digestive

system while acting to calm the nervous system.

The emotional aspect can be dealt with through the use of another

kind of herbal remedy called vibrational flower remedies.

Check these out. Edward Bach pioneered this work in the 1930s

and as a result his products and other flower remedies from

other sources are widely available in the marketplace today.

Restless Leg Syndrome can really benefit from baths in cannabis

infused salts, edibles and topicals that are applied all

over the legs with generosity. There have been a lot of positive

results with patients going for hands on bodywork from Cranial

Sacral Healers, Reiki Masters and acupuncture from doctors

of Chinese medicine. Energetic work is just as important to me

as nutrition and rest.

Jessica Ferneyhough, a registered practical nurse, brings a

unique approach to care, empowering patients as a medicinal

cannabis nurse and horses for healing advocate. Do you have a

question for Jessica? Email editor@myhydrolife.com.

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Baking

A FOOL OF MYSELF

by Watermelon

A Cannabis Culinary Column

LIFE ON WRECK BEACH WAS GOLDEN

The early days on Wreck Beach were sun-filled and idyllic. Then came the

arrest. Through the uncertainty, Watermelon found love and support. She

continues her story and shares her recipe for marijuana-infused bacon.

There I was, working full time for myself, in the summer

at least. I would skip along a log singing out my slogans.

“Wata-wata-wata melon. Woo hoo for watermelon,” or

“crazy cookies going like pot-cakes.”

There were no coffee breaks. I skinny-dipped in the

ocean instead. My work uniform was sunshine all over my

body. My tan was all-over even. I smoked lots of pot and

ate loads of free watermelon everyday on the job. I was

happy. I was healthy. Life was glorious.

It was many years before the law turned their attention

to my pot cookies and me. I was that sweet girl who gave

all the kids free watermelon. However, I also sold a great

many of their parents, uncles, aunties and grandparents

pot cookies. Chocolate mushrooms, too.

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heal

THE ARREST

Crime had steadily been getting more sophisticated than the

police. The RCMP didn’t know how to go after real criminals

committing real crimes, so they kept doing what they did best,

arresting pot smokers. On September 8, 2001, I was arrested for

the first time in my life. My knees buckled.

I was vending to a group of lovely gentlemen at the farthest

end of the beach when I saw the officer coming straight for

me. I kindly asked the nice gentlemen to stash all my cookies

behind their backs and they did. Imagine, desperately stashing

gingersnap cookies from the police?

I had nothing on me but a pair of sunglasses when the officer

informed me I was under arrest. A bolt of adrenaline came over

me and my mind began to race. Nothing prepares you for your

first arrest. You become hyper-aware. You begin to prickle with

terror and excitement of all the uncertainties. You are a wild

animal ready for fight or flight.

We had a long way to go back across

the beach and up those 400 stairs. It

was all I could do to stay standing

and maintain my composure. After

the fear subsided I became indignant.

My legs were still working. We were

walking across the front of the beach,

so I began to shout at the beachgoers

as we paraded by that I was, in fact,

being arrested. Our ‘friend’ was trying

to take me away very quietly. By the

time we reached the halfway point

where my clothes were, a crowd of

more than 200 had gathered. Camera

phones weren’t standard fair yet, but

many photos got taken. A famous

photographer named Lincoln Clarkes

happened to be there sunbathing

with his relic of a camera and started

to roll film as I was escorted by.


By the time we

reached the halfway

point where my clothes

were, a crowd of more

than 200 had gathered.

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THE NAKED TRUTH

Many beach goers were shaking their fists at the officer in

anger. People were hugging and kissing me or holding up

their crying children who wanted to hug and kiss me goodbye.

Others ran to the top of the stairs naked and stood on the street

demanding my release. My community loved me. They really

loved me. It was the greatest day of my life. I celebrate my

‘arrest-aversary’ every year by throwing a big party and getting

everyone baked. I invite you to do the same on September

8 (any year you like).

Three days after my ordeal the Twin Towers collapsed in New

York and the whole world changed. This event really overshadowed

my media coverage.

Lucky for me, I went on to be arrested several more times. The

RCMP couldn’t get enough of the cookie lady. Three separate

provincial court trials. Three separate acquittals. In hockey it’s

called a hat trick, in bowling it’s a turkey. In court … a stunner.

I fought the law and I won! Look up Regina v. Dunsdon.

None of these events ever made me want to quit my work.

They have made me more determined. Only last week I

completed an eight-week course and received a diploma in

chocolate. It is more like a G.E.D. in chocolate, but I am thrilled.

Soon I will begin a new line of coverture cannabis chocolate

and mushrooms. This column will chronicle that journey. Until

then I will discuss some time-honored classics of mine.

CANNABIS CONVERSION RECAP

In my first column I discussed the process we call cannabis

conversion or decarboxylation. Let’s recap shall we? If you

just eat dried cannabis you wouldn’t receive much, if any,

psychoactive or medical results. Converting cannabis with

heat, fat or alcohol knocks off the carbon molecule and allows

your cannabinoid receptors to receive the blissful molecule in

all its glory.

Most everybody is familiar with the butter technique, but I

am here to tell you many fats do a marvelous job converting

cannabis. We will use the fat from bacon to convert our cannabis

today and have your boy/girlfriend offering their hand in

marriage soon after.

Marijuana Infused Bacon

(Flying Pigs)

It won’t just be the pigs flying high.

Ingredients:

• 10-12 strips of thick-cut bacon

• 4 grams of shake flour

Steps:

• Grind 4 grams of shake into fine flour, sift and pour

into saltshaker.

• On a large, clean cookie tray lay out the bacon.

• Using saltshaker, generously sprinkle each piece of

bacon with the super fine shake flour.

• Bake in center rack around 300˚F until desired

consistency is achieved. You can dust both sides of

the bacon with shake flour or only one. It is entirely up

to you and how high you want your pigs to fly.

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Marijuana infused bacon can be eaten alone,

wrapped around, or served with the following

delicious accompaniments:

• Cantaloupe

• Asparagus

• Shrimps

• Hotdogs

• Hamburgers

• Eggs

My favorite is cantaloupe because not only is it

cool and fresh tasting, you don’t have to cook it.

Be warned, it’s delicious!

The real goal in life is happiness. If you can find

happiness in your heart you have mastered life.

Thanks for tuning in.

To watch Watermelon in action, check her out

on YouTube. Baked: Cooking with Mary Jean is a

special show that features one special ingredient:

cannabis! Follow Watermelon, a.k.a. Mary Jean

Dunsdon, on Twitter @weeddiva to never miss an

episode, or sign up for updates at potent.media.

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An Essential Part of

Cannabinoid Production

It’s official. Research has proven

that the quality and potency of

cannabinoids depends on the

minerals in the soil where the

cannabis is being grown.

by Augustus Dunning

Soil-borne mineral depletion has caused a crisis in the food

supply. Mineral-deficient food-borne soil is causing disease

rates to increase dramatically. Food is nearly empty of the

genetic triggers—minerals—that help make the compounds to

keep us healthy. This food-quality reduction is from the yearly

depletion of soils due to harvesting without restoring mineral

content to cropland.

The cropland destruction has created both an explosion

of illnesses and an explosion of vitamin companies and

pharmaceutical products. Minerals are critical for the plant

compounds we need for nutrition and soil minerals are

taken up into plants to create the compounds we use as

nutrients when we eat.

Similarly, deficiency in mineral content can produce deficiencies

in cannabis plants as well. In soilless hydroponic

growing media, minerals have to be introduced every time

you grow a crop. The quality and potency in cannabinoids is

directly dependent on the minerals in soil where cannabis is

grown. In the 2014 paper “Metals and Organic compounds in

the Biosynthesis of Cannabinoids: A Chemometric Approach

to the Analysis of Cannabis Sativa Samples” the relationship

of minerals in soil were mapped to the synthesis of the various

cannabinoid compound content in C. Sativa. In their abstract

the authors state: “This work is an attempt to recognize correlations

between the metal content in the different parts of cannabis

sativa L. and the cannabinoids content, as a potential

indicator.” Their results? “Correlations between metal content

in plants and soil, analyzed by chemometrics unsupervised

methods, highlighted partly their role in the biosynthesis of

cannabinoids. It was recognized that the CBN and the psychoactive

THC contents are manganese-dependent while the CBD

content is iron-dependent.”

The authors concluded that the contents of metals in the

rhizosphere could be an indication of the cannabinoid content.

This can be seen in the test results of numerous examples of

the same strain. There is a wide variety of potency as seen in

the Blue Dream samples, and it can be concluded that it is a

nutrient deficiency in ionic minerals during growth that causes

these dramatic differences. According to the same study quoted

above, the high-THC sample had adequate amounts of manganese

and the high-CBD sample had adequate amounts iron.

In growth rate, the testing minerals have shown to accelerate

growth and yields, beginning with rapid and thick root growth

in identical untreated and treated clones at six weeks. Foliar

ionic mineral spray applications in the late phase increased

trichome numbers dramatically.

Other benefits occur from healthier, strong, ionic mineraltreated

plants: lack of pathogenic and pest attacks. If you want

better medicine, you need to supplement it with ionic minerals.

Most N-P-K fertilizer systems contain up to eight minerals,

but plants need more than 50 minerals to function for optimal

genetic expression. Water-soluble, ocean water-derived liquid

ionic minerals work best because they contain some 60 different

elements and are taken up into the plant fast because they are

bio-available. As individual ions (atoms) they can pass directly

through leaf and root cells. Mineral ions are critical. It is, after

all, the iron in hemoglobin in the blood platelets that carries

oxygen to our cells, and iron is critical for making CBD in cannabis.

In other words, you’ve got to mineralize to energize!

Want more? Check out the Wide World of Weed on Youtube.

Augustus Dunning is the CEO of Eco Organics and is a physicist,

chemist and an inventor. He is the former systems ops designer

for the International Space Station and a former regional

manager of liquid, solid and electric propulsion systems for

Pratt and Whitney space propulsion.

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The Hemp

Revival

by Lee G. Lyzit

Although hemp has been used around

the globe since the beginning of human

existence, the stigma associated

with marijuana (hemp’s cousin) has

somewhat stalled its industrial uses.

Fortunately, that stigma is starting to

change, and we are seeing more hempbased

products as a result.

The biggest potential for hemp

plants in promoting a culture

of eco-sustainability is their use in

building products. Hemp can be used to

replace or supplement a wide variety of

traditional building materials, mainly

wood and concrete. Researchers in

France have developed a way to use

hemp fibers to create a natural cement

with many admirable qualities. Their

creation, Hempcrete, can be used

in block-form in conjunction with a

wooden frame construction, or mixed

directly into a structure, similar to

working with stucco or cob.

Hempcrete is comparable in

strength to traditional concrete but

weighs one-eighth as much, which

makes building with it much easier.

Additional advantages of Hempcrete

building materials are:

• Thermal properties: Hempcrete

helps regulate both high and low

temperatures.

• Low maintenance: Hempcrete is naturally

mold and rodent resistant.

• Longevity: Hempcrete has a long lifespan

and is easy to repair.

• How sustainable it truly is:

Hempcrete is made out of plants,

which grow back.

Building with renewable, biodegradable

materials equates to a healthier

planet. While the hemp plant grows, it

turns carbon dioxide into oxygen and

also traps carbon dioxide within itself.

Structures built with hemp products are

carbon sinks, meaning they absorb more

carbon than they release. Traditional

concrete, on the other hand, is notorious

for releasing large amounts of carbon

dioxide when it is made.

Hemp particle board can be made

from both the short fibers from the

core of the hemp stalk and the longer

fibers found on the outer portion of the

stalk. In terms of insulation, only the

outer fibers of the hemp stalk are used.

Hemp building insulation is being used

consistently in newer construction and

has great potential as an eco-friendly

solution for retrofitting buildings.

Other Uses for Hemp

Hemp is also being used to make

clothing, ropes, paper, wax and much

more. Hemp seeds contain all the

essential amino acids humans need

and are arguably the single most

healthy food source on the planet.

They can be pressed to extract hemp

oil, which can be used as fuel or as

a natural sealant for wood. Hemp is

also an active ingredient in beauty

products and cosmetics.

Another incredible use of hemp is

in the automotive industry. Do you

remember Henry Ford’s hemp body

car? Due to the steel rationing of

WWII in 1941, Henry Ford and George

Washington Carver constructed a car

body made out of soybeans and hemp.

Although Ford’s hemp car never took

off, today’s automakers are paying

closer attention to hemp, as it can be

used to make plastics and other composites

that are stronger and lighter

than their traditional counterparts.

In fact, a Canadian company, Motive

Industries, designed the world’s most

eco-friendly car, the Kestrel, whose

entire body is made of hemp.

Humans are at a point where

practicing a sustainable lifestyle

is of the utmost importance. Just as

the hemp plant was an intricate part

of early man’s existence, I believe it

will become an intricate part in ours,

as more people start to embrace how

versatile it really is.

HEMP CAN BE used to replace

or supplement a wide variety of

traditional building materials, “mainly wood and concrete.”

Lee G. Lyzit has been involved in

the medical cannabis industry for

nearly 15 years. His passion for natural

healing drives him to learn as much as

he can about the miraculous cannabis

plant. Lee breeds his own strains

of cannabis to create concentrated

glycerine and coconut oil extracts.

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Emerald Triangle Grows & Grows

live

The Emerald Triangle is a nickname given to a portion of Northern

California that is comprised of three mostly rural counties: Mendocino,

Humboldt and Trinity. This area, with its pristine Redwood-laden

forests and miles upon miles of breathtaking scenery, is renowned

as the epicenter for outdoor cannabis production in all of the United

States and perhaps the entire world.

by Kyle L. Ladenburger

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THE ORIGINS

The origins of the Emerald Triangle region stem back

to the mid-1960s—the same time as the summer of

love. People in the San Francisco Bay Area looking to

unplug from the societal woes of modern times packed

up and headed north into the hills. Off the grid, they

could remain self-sustainable and carve out a more

natural life. More often than not they would grow their

own food gardens and within those gardens there usually

tended to be a cannabis plant or two.

The Emerald Triangle area makes for the perfect

place to grow your own. Covering more than 10,000

square miles, the region is sparsely populated, has a

long growing season and has a moderate temperature.

Over the years, as growers continued perfecting their

craft, the quality of the product increased and with it so

did the demand. Cannabis quickly began a lucrative

crop to grow. As the profits grew larger, so did the size

of the gardens. With the passing of Proposition 215 in

1996, California became the first state in the nation to

legalize medical cannabis. Since then the cannabis industry

in the Emerald Triangle has grown by leaps and

bounds to keep up with the skyrocketing demand.

“Over the years, as growers

continued perfecting their

craft, the quality of the product

increased and with it so did the

demand. Cannabis quickly began a

lucrative crop to grow.”

Today’s Emerald Triangle

Today the Emerald Triangle cannabis industry brings

in more than $1 billion of revenue annually that fuels

the local economies. In this region, growing cannabis

is not just considered a way of life but also as source

of funding, through taxes, for projects like building

schools or fixing roads. It is commonly believed that the

majority of Emerald Triangle residents benefit either

directly from the industry or indirectly by providing

other services. Since there are few other industries

in the region most local economies rely heavily on

revenue from cannabis cultivation—removing it from the

equation would be a big blow.

The success Emerald Triangle growers have achieved

is in no way unwarranted. The growers and breeders of

the area consistently produce some of the highest-quality

medicinal cannabis available. It is not uncommon for

the strains they develop to gain international acclaim

for their quality and potency. By carefully breeding

plants and targeting specific traits, Emerald Triangle

growers provide what is quite possibly the best outdoor

cannabis the world has ever seen. For most growers it

isn’t just a job, it is a lifestyle, and the culture of the area

truly reflects this. I remember my first visit to the region.

I stopped at a gas station and while looking around

came across a bumper sticker that said, “Welcome to the

Emerald Triangle. No, you didn’t run over a skunk.” To me

this really sums up how prevalent and entrenched the

cannabis industry is in the local culture.

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The Highly Coveted Emerald Cup

Every year the best of the best Emerald Triangle

growers convene in one spot for a chance to show off

their highest-quality product. This friendly competition

is aptly named the Emerald Cup. Hundreds of

different high-quality strains of medicinal cannabis

are put to the test to see who will go home with the

much-respected cup. This event began as a small, almost

secretive get-together for the area’s best growers

to show off and compare the fruits of their labor. It has

now grown into a giant celebration of the local cannabis

culture. In 2015 the Emerald Cup brought more

than 21,000 people to the Sonoma County fairgrounds

for the two-day event. This was triple the amount of

2013’s crowd of 7,000 people, and I believe the event’s

popularity shows no signs of waning.

While working on this article I was lucky to get in

touch with a lifelong Emerald Triangle resident and

2015 Emerald Cup recipient. Blaze, an alias he uses

to protect his anonymity, has been growing/breeding

cannabis in the region for more than 10 years and

earned his first Emerald Cup working with a collective

named Blazing Oaks. Blaze is a third generation

grower that began cultivating as a teenager and his

family has been involved in the cannabis industry

since his grandparents moved to Humboldt County in

the 1960s. His story helps illustrate how entrenched the

cannabis industry is in the area.

We discussed the incredible success growers in the

Emerald Triangle have had and what possible factors

may have contributed to it. He was quick to point out

that there is no one single factor but rather several key

components that coalesced to create what the Emerald

Triangle has become. “It began with the rough and rugged

terrain that allowed early growers to hide in the

hills and pursue their craft,” says Blaze. This, combined

with ideal climates, including several micro climates,

has resulted in an area where a huge range of cannabis

strains can be grown to their full potential, he adds.

The Emerald Triangle counties are also host to a rather

favorable political climate. Blaze explained that over

the years, cannabis growers have become the “real

engine of our local economy” and this has led “many

elected officials, business owners and others in the

community to tolerate and even embrace the industry.”

Blaze and I also talked about the overwhelming

“In this region, growing cannabis is

not just considered a way of life but

also as source of funding, through

taxes, for projects like building

schools or fixing roads.”

quality of the Emerald Triangle cannabis and what he

thinks may have led to the area consistently producing

such a high-quality product. Again, he pointed out

there is not just one factor responsible, but he agrees

wholeheartedly that the quality has increased exponentially.

This is a fact he sees as undeniable. In his

opinion the Emerald Triangle has advanced more in the

last 10 years than in the previous 30 years combined.

THE QUALITY HAS

INCREASED EXPONE

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Today’s growers have been able to learn from and build upon what previous

growers have done and can more easily communicate and collaborate with

other growers. Growers have worked hard to develop sure-fire techniques for

everything from growing to drying and curing the crop to perfection. Blaze says

he believes the genetics produced by highly talented breeders have certainly

played a big role in the overall narrative, with the focus being placed not

just on potency, but on overall quality. The strain Watermelon Rancher, which

earned Blaze’s collective an Emerald Cup, was not only high in THC but also in

overall terpene content. Terpenes are what give cannabis strains their unique

smells and flavors. They also have a wide range of medicinal effects. If growers

continue to focus on breeding plants with their overall ultimate potential in

mind, their qualities will only continue to rise.

THIS IS A FACT

The Future of Emerald Triangle

This coming November, the chance for California to legalize cannabis for recreational

use will once more be on the ballot. The last time it appeared on the

ballot it did not pass due in part to a lack of support from growers who feared

commercialization of the industry may result in smaller independent growers

being cut out of the system. This of course would have a devastating effect on

the area's local economies.

I believe that if these growers are given a proper voice in the formation of

the legislation surrounding legalization, then the Emerald Triangle has the

possibility of becoming a true tourist attraction. The Emerald Triangle and all

of its natural beauty could easily become the go-to destination for those of us

that have a love for high-quality, locally grown cannabis, much like the Napa

Valley is a prime destination for those who enjoy great wine. If recreational

cannabis use is legalized, the industry will continue to grow and the local

economies will flourish, providing a better life for all of the residents.

Kyle L. Ladenburger is a passionate indoor and outdoor gardener. He is also a

freelance garden writer. With more than 10 years of experience in the industry

working for Age Old Organics, he is well-versed in numerous growing

methods with a focus on soil health.

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SNEAK PEEK

BIG BOOK

OF BUDS

GREATEST HITS

For more than a decade, Ed Rosenthal’s Big Book of Buds

series has been the connoisseur’s reference guide to the

best marijuana strains from the world’s greatest breeders.

Now get ready for the Big Book of Buds Greatest Hits, a

compilation of the premier strains that have appeared in

the four volumes of the Big Book of Buds series. Compiled

and edited by Ed Rosenthal, these noteworthy varieties are

the cream of the crop and have made gardening easier

and results more predictable. Here is a little teaser from the

book on one of its featured strains: Ed Rosenthal Super Bud.

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“SUCCULENT FLOWER FORMATION

IS THE SUPER BUD STRAIN’S

DISTINGUISHING FEATURE.”

ED ROSENTHAL SUPER BUD –

SENSI SEED BANK

Sensi Seed Bank has released this elite

strain in honor of Ed Rosenthal, the

undisputed heavyweight champion of

growing gurus. Literally decades in the

making, this hybrid achieves a superb

layering of traits from both the indica

and sativa ends of the cannabis spectrum.

This variety was refined from the

Potent Evolved Hybrid project, where

pure Afghani cultivars and equatorial

sativa strains were interbred over many

years, and their offspring selected for

potency and yield at every step. The

blend of tropical genes in ER Super Bud’s

background is especially wide-ranging,

representing sativas from all around the

equatorial zone—Africa, South East Asia,

Central America and the Caribbean.

Ed Rosenthal Super Bud thrives

outdoors in hot climates, and should

be grown indoors in temperate or cold

regions like Holland. Any medium is fine,

and plants enjoy standard to generous

fertilizer feedings. ER Super Bud is very

manageable as she grows, with a surprisingly

uniform growth pattern given

her diverse heritage. This strain is suitable

for sea of green; alternatively, both

her indica and sativa phenotypes can be

grown into excellent multi-stem plants.

Succulent flower formation is the Super

Bud strain’s distinguishing feature. All

females exhibit flower structures bursting

with indica density, made even fatter by

the running sativa tendency. The result is

buds that swell upwards and outwards to

crazy sizes and sport a stupendous covering

of full-sized resin glands. ER buds

also have a unique pistil formation—the

oversized antennae sprouting from each

calyx are covered with a visible fuzz of

tiny hairs, giving them a woolly appearance.

Different individuals show

extra sativa or indica influence through

subtle variations in the development and

structure of their resin-soaked buds. The

sativa-leaning females make particularly

good multi-stem plants and produce huge

oval calyxes that spiral into crooked budpyramids

large enough to bend branches.

The indica phenotype’s flowers are

distinct and impressive, building into voluptuous

columns of snowy bud with main

colas as thick as an arm. In other respects,

phenotype variation is small, with a majority

of plants flowering at the same speed

and increasing their height by about

150 per cent. A small proportion will show

a jump at the onset of blooming, which first

widens the gaps between internodes and

later gives an even greater yield potential.

All plants from this strain are sweetsmelling

and taste of pineapple punch.

As for the stone—get ready for an immediate

body flush, a bright physical glow

that’s not given to lethargy. Later, a cerebral

high creeps up, subtle at first, yet

longer-lasting than the body effect. ER

Super Bud is sweetly relaxing, leaving

plenty of energy for conversation and socializing

with friends. Medicinally, this

might be a good variety for chronic body

pain and the blues that come with it.

BACKGROUNDER

From the inception of the modern cannabis

revolution, Ed Rosenthal has been

at the heart of the movement, a committed

and fearless campaigner for truth,

justice and sanity, which is to say, an

end to prohibition.

If you’ve ever grown ganja, it’s a safe bet

that Ed has helped you out in a big way,

whether directly or indirectly. He’s taught

generations of growers about the science

and art of cannabis cultivation, and helped

them discover their green thumb as well as

the joys and potential for personal enrichment

that this hobby can awaken.

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“IF YOU’VE EVER GROWN GANJA, IT’S A SAFE

BET THAT ED HAS HELPED YOU OUT IN A BIG

WAY, WHETHER DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY.”

As the brain behind the Ask Ed columns

in Cannabis Culture and High Times,

and the author of a veritable library of

cannabis books that cover every topic

from growing to law reform, Ed Rosenthal

has done more than anyone we know to

spread accurate, no-nonsense information

on the world’s most delightful crop.

It’s no exaggeration to say that Ed

Rosenthal Super Bud has been decades

in the making. Sharp-eyed cannabis historians

and collectors of old seed catalogs

might have seen the single printed

reference to the breeding program that

eventually led to the Super Bud strain. In

1989, this Ed-affiliated strain was called

Ed’s Potent Evolved Hybrid Type 1 (PEHT)

when it was briefly offered in a limited

edition of 1,500 seeds. It sold out very

quickly and was never commercially

offered again. Around this time, there

was a big shift toward indoor cultivation

and few growers had the time or space

for experimental crossings. Sensi Seed

Bank’s releases in the following years

were geared toward this new indoor

trend, featuring stabilized F1 hybrids—

strains that could be relied upon for

predictable behavior.

As the years passed, and Sensi’s

breeding-stock expanded into a truly

comprehensive collection of traditional

cultivars and legendary hybrids, their

breeders found plenty of fascinating

new possibilities to explore, and the

PEHT program continued quietly in the

background. With occasional infusions

of promising new genetic material and

dozens more generations of crossing and

selection for yield and resin production,

the program yielded several rarefied

plants which proved to be valuable intermediate

parents in complex hybrids.

A desirably heavy, sticky form began

to dominate the later PEHT generations.

Breeders focused on stabilizing the finer

points of the emerging strain. Unique

flower structures and flavors discovered

in the program were successfully reproduced

as recurring traits and the ER

seed strain neared completion. By this

time, near the end of the 1990s, Holland’s

tolerance for cannabis was in sharp decline,

and professional breeding became

much more difficult, as the large crops

of test seedlings required for rigorous

selection were no longer possible.

As a result, the small amount of refinement

required before releasing ER in its

final distinct form took many years longer

than expected, making this hybrid the longest

single project in the Sensi Seed Bank

collection. Sensi feels this world-class

strain shows the years of work and care

invested in its development. This gourmet

hybrid promises to be a special addition

to any serious aficionado’s garden.

Look for the Big Book of Buds Greatest

Hits starting August 2016. It will be

available at book stores everywhere

and on Amazon. Pre-order from

edrosenthal.com to receive a signed

copy. The Big Book of Buds Greatest

Hits will also feature:

• 95 varieties from 26 seed companies –

all commercially available.

• Beautiful photography

throughout the book.

• A striking, brushed metallic

gold tone cover.

• Timeless information for

growers and consumers.

“ED ROSENTHAL HOLDS

THE DISTINCTION OF

TURNING MORE PEOPLE

ON TO POT THAN CHEECH

AND CHONG.”

– TOMMY CHONG

“MR. ROSENTHAL IS THE

POTHEAD’S ANSWER TO

ANN LANDERS, JUDGE

JUDY, MARTHA STEWART

AND THE BURPEE GARDEN

WIZARD ALL IN ONE.”

– NY TIMES

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Cannabis

Cocktails,

MOCKTAILS & TONICS

Warren Bobrow’s New Book is

a Cannabis Drinker’s Dream

BY COLLEEN GRAHAM

What’s a DIY drinker

to do when they

want to start mixing

their medicine into

their drinks? Pick up

a copy of Cannabis

Cocktails, Mocktails,

& Tonics by Warren

Bobrow. Released Warren Bobrow

this summer, this

new book is the ultimate guide to cannabis

drinks. It will be the topic’s reference

for years to come and a book that every

cannabis user with a taste for fine drinks

should consider essential.

Its pages are filled with invaluable

advice about drinking cannabis, including

recipes for cannabis syrups, tonics,

butters, infusions, bitters and tinctures,

along with flavorful drink recipes that

do not always include alcohol. All of

your cannabis drink questions will be

answered with a sophisticated vibe that

appeals to the connoisseur of both cannabis

and drinks.

Bobrow has a colorful background that

includes culinary training and a family

of apothecaries, complete with genuine

1960s hippies. He is the real deal and

his past was a natural foundation that

combined with his passion for sharing

great drinks. “I had a dream and knew

exactly what I wanted to do with this,”

Bobrow says of his original inspiration.

“It worked out well,

ACTUALLY TOO WELL,

and I had to ratchet it

back a bit so it didn’t

obliterate people.”

He began by infusing almost any alcohol

available with cannabis. “It worked

out well, actually too well, and I had to

ratchet it back a bit so it didn’t obliterate

people,” he says.

Bobrow created and tested each of the

book’s 75 recipes, so it’s best to heed his

advice on dosage and consumption, and

even cut it back a little at first. He is also

adamant that the book is not dedicated

to alcohol. “These are health-giving tonics

to which you don’t have to add alcohol,”

he says. Many of the book’s recipes

are non-alcoholic and can be drunk as

a medicinal dosage or as a therapeutic

and relaxing drink.

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Candy Says

Makes two cocktails

One of Bobrow’s favorite recipes from his

book, Candy Says is an approachable rum

punch that will appeal to many palates.

Ingredients

Coconut water ice

2 oz. 100-proof Rhum Agricole

1 oz. non-medicated coconut cream

2 oz. freshly squeezed orange juice

1 handful fresh raspberries, crushed

1 tsp. ground turmeric

2 oz. Medicated Rich Simple Syrup*

2 oz. cane syrup-based ginger beer

6 drops aromatic bitters

Fill a Boston shaker half full with the coconut

water ice. Add the Rhum Agricole,

coconut cream, orange juice, raspberries,

turmeric and Medicated Rich Simple Syrup,

and shake hard for about 15 seconds.

Divide between two miniature coupe

glasses. Top each with 1 oz. of ginger beer

and dot with the aromatic bitters to finish.

*Medicated Rich Simple Syrup

Bring 2 cups of water to a boil and reduce

heat. Add 1 cup raw honey and stir until

dissolved. Add 4 grams ground, decarbed

cannabis, cover and reduce heat. Allow to

simmer for about 30 minutes. Reduce heat

again and add 1 Tbsp. vegetarian liquid

lecithin and simmer for 10 minutes, stirring

constantly. Remove from heat and strain.

Where Should a Novice Begin?

Cannabis Cocktails is accessible to

everyone—no special equipment or

training to get the drinks just right is

required. From decarbing to dosage and

flavor pairings with common cannabis

strains, Cannabis Cocktails, Mocktails, &

Tonics contains all of the information you

need to get started. Bobrow recommends

starting out with one of his mocktails.

A simple Turkish coffee like the Beside

the Bosphorus recipe, made with one of

Bobrow’s canna butter recipes, would be

a great beginner’s drink.

Balancing Alcohol and Cannabis

As you might expect, combining cannabis

and alcohol is tricky. Bobrow has

learned from experience that you need to

pace yourself when it comes to the cocktail

recipes in his book. “It’s extremely

important to know your tolerance level

as two drinks can make you feel completely

out of control,” says Bobrow, adding

that one drink an hour is more than

enough. “It’s not about getting drunk, it’s

about holistic and homeopathic healing.”

One cannabis cocktail a night may

even be a better recommendation.

This mindset is clear throughout the

book; you can relate it to the effects of

edibles: it may not hit you right away or

all at once and you certainly want to take

it easy. If you do find that even one drink

is too much, there is an antidote of sorts:

drink the fresh juice from one lemon and

chew on a few peppercorns. The overwhelming

feeling from having too many

edibles will begin to subside.

Cannabis Flavor Pairings

One of the fascinating parts of the book

is Bobrow’s cannabis strain profiles. He

has dissected nine of the most common

strains with amazing detail. Each has a

flavor profile, a little background and a

number of flavor pairings to use when

creating drinks. The research put into

this section alone is impressive. When

asked to point out one that he found most

surprising, Bobrow says, “Trainwreck,

which I use in my version of a Bloody

Caesar, called A Bloody Good Remedy.”

It pairs with everything from Cognac to

gin and the strain is good for both afternoon

and evening consumption, making

it a versatile cannabis, he adds.

Colleen Graham is a writer and freelance

photographer from the Midwest who

specializes in mixed drinks and covering

the liquor industry. She is the Cocktails

Expert for about.com and author of the

book ¡Hola Tequila! Gardening and

kayaking with her husband are two of her

favorite pastimes.

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y Gibson Lannister

AESOP ROCK

THE IMPOSSIBLE KID

Aesop Rock’s latest album The

Impossible Kid is fortifying

what is already considered

a legendary career. AR spent

a year living and recording

in a barn emerging with

even more polished rhymes

and an introspective look

into the mind of one of hip

hop’s greats.

4.5

ATOMS AND VOID

AND NOTHING ELSE

Atoms and Void is not a band

in the traditional sense; they

are a collective of artists

including members of Foo

Fighters and Sufran

Stevens. Their work spans

over a decade. Through

chance encounters and

shared files, And Nothing

Else came to fruition.

4

BAHAMAS

BAHAMAS IS AFIE

Bahamas is Afie. Actually,

Bahamas is Toronto musician

Afie Jurvanen. His most

recent album Bahamas is

Afie is redefining the genre

of roots-rock. It’s also as chill

as can be. This album is so

intensely real it is destined to

be a timeless hit.

5

Gibson Lannister has

been a musician for

more than 15 years and

continues to expand his

knowledge of theory

and technique.

CHILDREN OF POP

WHAT DOES 69 MEAN?

Children of Pop is the

experimental pop-project

of Chase DeMaster. Many

tracks from What Does 69

Mean? were actually written

for other great artists such

as Drake and Madonna but

were deemed too good to let

go. This album keeps getting

better with each listen!

5

FITZ & THE TANTRUMS

FITZ & THE TANTRUMS

California natives Fitz & the

Tantrums return with their

third and self-titled album,

and it’s a blockbuster! This

album is strictly dance

floor gold. Every track was

meticulously designed by Fitz

& the Tantrums to make your

body move.

4

KALEO

A/B

Bringing the heat with their

album A/B is Kaleo. Kaleo

originally hails from Iceland,

but they now call Austin,

Texas, home. Their down and

dirty style of blues/rock and

the dusky, soulful voice of

lead singer/guitarist Jokull

Juliusson create something

incendiary. They’ll set your

ears on fire!

5

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