Quarterly Newsletter-Issue No. 9

July 2016

© 2015 Haroon Sheikh

Pakistan Coalition for Education (PCE) was formed in 2005 in order to provide a platform to civil

society through which they can address key issues on policy advocacy and bridge the gap between

policy makers and the civil society. The organization was formed for the development and

implementation of policy in context of free and quality education for all. PCE works in 65 districts

with more than 200 members including local Community Based Organizations (CBOs), Non-

Government Organizations (NGOs), Parents’ and Teachers Associations, civil society networks

working on women and child rights and education and equally importantly with the media which is

inclusive of education reporters associations and representatives of relevant education

departments. PCE is a strong advocate of evidence-based policy advocacy, community awareness

and mobilization.

Call us at +92-51-2112461/59 Email us at info@pcepak.org log on to www.pcepak.org 1

In this Issue

© 2015 Haroon Sheikh

High Level Consultation on Girls’ Education

Fund the future, Invest in Girls' Education

p. 3

Planning matters in Education

Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future

p. 4

Global Action Week 2016

p. 5

Social Accountability Survey– Trainings

p. 6

PCE’s National Coordinator participated in the Board Meeting of Global

Partnership for Education


Pending RTE bills, unchecked privatization and its impact on

Human Rights in Pakistan

p. 8

Participation in the International Congress on ICT in Education



High Level Consultation

Fund the future: Invest in Girls’ Education

April 2016, Peshawar

This discussion brought together

p o l icy m a kers, l eg i slators,

government representatives, civil

society representatives, media

personnel, girl advocates and

development partners to examine

how to improve children’s access to

a classroom.

education, the participants urged

the government to increase the

education budget to 4% of GDP in

alignment with the Sustainable

Development Goals.

Although great strides have been

made to get more girls into

classrooms, those still out of school

are likely to be from families already

suffering social neglect and


To address the pertinent issues on

financing of education, PCE

organized a consultation on girls’

education in Peshawar which took

into consideration financing of

education for efficient allocation and


Socioeconomic factors and cultural

norms which often prevent girls from

enrolling in school were highlighted

along with low allocation of the

budget to the education sector. In

order to improve the state of

Click here for more pictures of the



Planning Matters in Education

Learning from the past and preparing for the future

April 2016, Peshawar

Following the consultation on girls’

education and financing of

education, another consultation was

held which brought together the key

architects and donors of the

Education Sector Plan (ESP) 2010-

15 and other development partners.

c o m m i t m e n t o f i m p r o v i n g

education, a pledge was made to

review the ESP in Khyber


ESP of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The

group will oversee the progress

made on the ESP and identify the

l o o p h o l e s i n o v e r a l l

implementation. The participants

collectively agreed that formation of

ESP Action Group is important to

tackle the challenges and issues

present in the education sector.

Education related documents, plans

or policies are formulated but never

implemented properly. These

groups can play an important role

in the proper implementation of

these plans and policies.

Through this meeting, existing gaps

in education financing opportunities

for strengthening the system

through effective allocation and

efficient spending were explored In

order to act on the earlier

For this purpose, a committee of

experts called ‘ESP Action Group’

was also formed comprising of

legislators, girl advocates,

education experts and civil society

activists that will hold quarterly

meetings to engage with KP’s

education department and identify

areas for improvement in the new

Furthermore, government officials

often lack the sufficient information

about the education sector

problems. This groups can be

helpful in identifying the challenges

faced by this sector.


Global Action Week 2016

Date: 25th April-3oth April, 2016

Global Action Week for Education is

an annual worldwide campaign,

organized by the Global Campaign

for Education (GCE), implemented

by PCE in Pakistan to raise

awareness on education and the

commitments made by the

international community to achieve

the global education goal. This year,

the campaign, which was scheduled

from 25th April to 30th April 2016,

focused on the theme of Education

Financing, under the slogan ‘Fund

the Future: Education Rights now’.

As part of Global Action Week

2016, coalition members of PCE

conducted a consultation on

Financing of Education in various

districts of Pakistan which includes

Hyderabad, Jamshoro, Sukkar,

Jacobabad, Karachi, Qila Saifullah,

Noshki, Quetta, Jacobabad, Ghotki,

Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan,

B a h a w a l p u r , K h a n e w a l ,

Muzaffargarh, Peshawar, Swabi,

Lahore and Muzaffarabad.

The consultation brought together a

number of scholars, government

representatives, including District

Education Officers, civil society

representatives, media personnel,

School Management Committees

and youth representatives. Our

member organizations also devised

a list of recommendations based on

the discussion of consultative

meeting and shared it with the

district government.




A glimpse of Global Action Week 2016 Activities organized by PCE’s coalition members in

various districts of Pakistan


Trainings for Social Accountability Survey 2016

As a part of the social accountability

survey Do Schools Get Money

2016, training sessions for

surveyors in various districts in

Pakistan were conducted where the

research study is being carried out

in collaboration with PCE’s coalition

members and partners. The

trainings were conducted to better

equip the surveyors with regards to

the survey forms and were also

oriented on how to accurately fill

the survey forms to record authentic


“Do Schools Get Money?” is in its

third phase as the study is being

continued from 2014. This budget

tracking study aims to form the

basis for social accountability

mechanisms and campaigning in

Pakistan. It is also an attempt to

explore various dimensions of

governance mechanisms existing at

government primary schools with a

particular focus on the functions of

School Management Committees

This study endeavors to gain new

i n s i g h t s r e g a r d i n g s o c i a l

accountability with regards to citizen

participation including the gender

make up, and in particular budget

tracking, of education service

delivery in Pakistan.

Below are some of the pictures from

the trainings conducted by PCE in

collaboration with its district



Global Partnership for Education

Board Meeting – Oslo 2016

In June 2016, the National Coordinator of

PCE participated in the first board meeting of

the Global Partnership for Education (GPE)

after her election as a board member. The

board meeting took place in Oslo, Norway in

June 2016.

In this meeting, several important issues with

reference to education were discussed in

detail. The discussion revolved around the

Local Education Groups especially the

inclusion of the civil society organizations in

the group. As the minimum standards of the

LEG were discussed, a point was made about

the transparency in the LEG processes and

consideration of recommendations provided

by the civil society. Along with this, the board

also reflected on the Knowledge and Good

Practice Exchange and discussed the direction

it should take. GPE also presented its Gender

Equality Policy, Strategy and Action Plan which

was largely welcomed by the developing

partners and CSO representatives.


Pending RTE bills, unchecked privatization and its impact on

Human Rights in Pakistan

By Nida Mushtaq

Research Coordinator– Pakistan Coalition for Education

hand and even subsidized by the

government as a part of the push to

fast-track enrolment. In view of such

a n a g g r e s s i v e p u r s u i t o f

privatization policies, the fate of the

most disadvantaged children with

no access to quality public

education is a pressing human

rights concern. And it seems the

Committee agrees.

Pakistan’s implementation of the

Convention on the Rights of Child,

which it ratified in 1990, was

recently reviewed by the UN

Committee on the Rights of Child.

The State party was represented by

an eleven person delegation,

including a federal minister and

Pakistan’s ambassador to the UN.

For the review, the Pakistan

Coalition for Education and seven

national civil society organizations,

together with international partners

such as the Asia South Pacific

Association for Basic and Adult

Education (ASPBAE) and the Global

Initiatives for Economic, Social and

Cultural Rights (GIESCR) submitted

a shadow report on key right to

education issues.

The Committee, comprised of child

rights experts and informed by our

shadow report, questioned Pakistan

on its failure to adopt legislation

implementing the right to

compulsory education in the

province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

and in the territories of Gilgit-

Baltistan and Kashmir, and the poor

enforcement of right to education

legislation in provinces where such

legislation exists. The Committee

also raised concerns about the

privatization of education and in

particular, the lack of measures to

ensure the compliance of private

schools with minimum educational

standards, curriculum requirements

and qualification for teachers.

Connected to the above issues the

Committee was concerned about

the extremely low allocation of the

budget to education.

It is to be noted that the education

sector in Pakistan is one of the most

neglected in terms of percentage of

GDP allocated. If the current

Sustainable Developmental Goal on

education is to be met, the budget

allocation to education would

roughly need to triple. In addition,

the private sector is given a free

As a representative of Pakistani civil

society, having the opportunity to

attend the session and informally

engage with committee members

and the State delegation, I have

some mixed observations about the

whole experience.

It was a success for the Pakistan

Coalition for Education and our

national and international partners

to be able to effectively persuade

the Committee to ask such pertinent

questions based on our shadow

report submitted for the session.

However, despite the seriousness of

the issues, the responses we got

from the State party were noncommittal

and, in some instances,

almost critical.

The session commenced with

Chairperson Mezmur assuring the

Pakistani delegation that the review

was not an inquisition but rather a

dialogue in an amicable setting.

However, the delegation seemed to

be in a defensive mode from the

outset. Continued on next page


There were many instances of the

delegation misrepresenting facts

and figures, which the Committee

observed. The educational adviser

in the Ministry of Federal Education

and Training could not adequately

answer questions regarding the

insufficient allocation of resources

for education and the unfettered

p r i v a t i z a t i o n l e a d i n g t o

discrimination and segregation in

society. Instead, he blamed the ‘war

on terror’ and the Taliban for

putting Pakistan in this situation.

The Minister of Human Rights, Mr.

Zafarullah, also claimed that the

right to education bills had been

passed in all provinces, which is

patently not true, as the Committee

made clear in its concluding


Overall the Pakistani delegation

was blasé towards the review, with

the Permanent Representative to the

UN often seen shuttling between

the session and other commitments.

The Federal Minister of Human

Rights, Barrister Zafarullah on

numerous occasions also blamed

national NGOs for not cooperating

with the government and attributed

to them blame for many problems

in the social and developmental

sector. Such comments from the

State delegation reflect a deep

rooted mistrust for national NGOs

and the non-committal approach

towards the social sector. The

Committee was also concerned

about this, highlighting in its

concluding observations that:

“cooperation with civil society is

limited and restrictions are

reportedly imposed on certain nongovernmental


This all raises serious questions

about Pakistan’s commitment to the

right to education, to its

cooperation with civil society in

order to ensure the effective

implementation of the right to

education, and its willingness to

cooperate with the UN and to be

held accountable for its legal

obligations which it willingly

consented to by ratifying the

Convention on the Rights of the


Pakistan’s blasé attitude was

perfectly summed-up by an offhand

remark made by a high

ranking member of the delegation:

“…education is all good in Pakistan

- so don’t worry!”

Click on the link below to access

the shadow report



International Congress on Information, Communication

Technologies in Education

Qingdao, China

Date: 22-24 June, 2016

International conference on ICT and

Post-2015 Education was organized

in May 2015 in Qingdao. This

conference brought together

ministers responsible for Education,

high-level government officials,

representatives of the civil society

o r g a n i z a t i o n s , t e a c h e r s ’

organizations, United Nation

agencies and development

partners, and members of

academia and the private sector

that unanimously agreed upon the

Qingdao Declaration. Along with

other key focus areas, Declaration

reaffirmed the need to include ICT

in education development and

management as envisioned by the

Education 2030 at the World

Education Forum 2015, in Incheon,

Republic of Korea. Internationally

a g r e ed 2 0 3 0 Agen d a f o r

Sustainable Development and the

Education 2030 Framework for

Action with a vision to “ensure

inclusive and equitable quality

education and lifelong learning

opportunities for all” highlights the

importance and indispensable role

of ICT in education development.

With this in mind, the International

Forum for Partnerships on the


Declaration was organized in

December 2015 in Qingdao to

form a global alliance for

technology-enhanced education. It

was commonly agreed that regular

meetings should be organized to

monitor the progress and share

knowledge. During this meeting, six

action lines were established to

operationalize the Qingdao

Declaration, including advocacy for

enabling policy environment,

empowering teachers to ensure

quality learning for all, promoting

girls’ and women’s access to and

competency of using ICT,

reinforcing school leadership,

harnessing ICT to empower

vulnerable population, establishing

monitoring and evaluation


The International Congress on ICT

in Education 2016, themed

“Education Reform in the

Internet Age and Education 2030

Agenda” was organized in Qingdao

to look at the long -term

m e c h a n i s m s f o r g l o b a l

communication and cooperation

guided by Qingdao Declaration in

order to achieve the SDG-4. The

objectives of this Congress were to

discuss major ICT trends and their

impacts on higher education,

vocational education and special

education. Expert speakers from

different parts of the world, shared

effective policies and innovative

practices on how national institutes

and schools can provide support for

effective pedagogical use of ICT in

education. The International

congress also stressed upon the

need to have effective mechanisms

and action plans to build global

partnerships and cooperation


The International congress was

followed by a day designated for

field visits. Participants were taken

to ‘International Innovative

Achievements Exhibition on ICT in

E d u c a t i o n ’ w h e r e v a r i o u s

government sector officials as well

as private companies showcased

their innovative ideas and products

that are transforming education in

China and across the globe. The

field visits ended with a visit to

Weidong Group which is playing its

important role in developing

convenient information-based

education services and products

that have been adopted by schools

in all major provinces of China.


Harvesting Hope

Photo Blogs Campaign

In order to bring attention to education in a creative manner, Pakistan Coalition for Education has initiated a photoblogs

campaign: “Harvesting Hope”. The campaign aims to promote the importance of girls’ education through

sharing of astounding stories from across the country that show resilience, perseverance, determination and

steadfastness of individuals for the attainment of education.

We have setup a separate Facebook Page for this campaign. Click Here to access the Facebook page.

Despite having financial constraints, this ambitious young girl

wants to study and support her family.

One lesson my father has taught me is to never give up. With

long duty hours from 11:00 am to 01:00 am, salary merely

PKR 16,000, and four children to feed, my father’s

determination to get all his children the best education

remains undeterred. My father works in a restaurant and often

brings home leftover food to save money so that he can pay

our school fees. I frequently have to miss school, sometimes

for a whole month when my father does not have enough

money to clear the dues. Read More

This amazing father is working hard to provide his kids with

best education but he fears for their future

I work all day in a public street in Bahawalpur selling popcorn

to people. I take great pride in my work, but despite my

efforts, I only earn about 400 rupees a day. It becomes very

hard to make ends meet and cover all the expenses. As I work

all day therefore I don't get much time to spend with my kids

but when I get back home after a busy day, I help them with

their homework and it gives me great joy to see my little kids

studying. Read More

Meet this amazing teacher who is providing free education to

the children who cannot afford to pay.

I first started teaching at the Rashid Minhas Government

School, and later at Ibrahim Ali Bhai Government School in

Karachi. I have retired now but I served as a teacher for two

decades and I can say that my life has been very meaningful. I

take great pride in being a teacher to this day; there was never

a day when I was late for my job, nor did I ever take a day off.

Read More


Contact Pakistan Coalition for Education

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Copyright © 2015 by Pakistan Coalition for Education

All rights reserved. This publication or any portion thereof may not be reproduced or

used in any manner whatsoever without the express written permission of the

publisher except for the use brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and

certain other noncommercial uses permitted by copyright law.

Photo credits: Some photos used in this Bulletin have been sourced from the internet

and belong to international NGOs, networks, and individual photographers.

Design & Concept By: Umair Khan– Communication & Coordination Officer-PCE

Email: umair.khan@pcepak.org


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