Life in the Ocean


Life in the Ocean is a nonfiction children's book about ocean animals and the characteristics of living things written by Ashland University Early Childhood Education students.

Life in the Ocean

A book about living things

by: Polly Dexter, Leslie Childers, and Tristan Renninger

Table of Contents

p. 1 The Ocean

p. 3 Living Things Move

p. 5 Living Things Need Food

p. 7 Living Things Grow and Change

p. 9 Living Things Reproduce

p. 11 Living Things Breathe

p. 13 Living Things

Table of Contents

p. 15 Glossary

p. 16 Activity Page

p. 17 Suggested Literature

p. 18 Teacher Resources

p. 19 Content Standard

p. 20 Writing Life in the Ocean

p. 21 About the Authors

The Ocean

The ocean is a big body of water that

covers most of the world. The ocean is

very deep.


The ocean

is a

habitat or

home for




The ocean

is divided

into layers,

or zones.

Look at

the zones


animals in




Living Things


There are many ways to find out if

something is alive. One way is through

movement. Can it move by itself?


Sea animals jump from water.

Sharks jump to eat.

Flying Squid jump to stay away

from predators.

Dolphins jump to breathe.


Living Things

Need Food

There are many ways to find out if

something is alive. Another way is

through food. Does it eat?


Tiny animals (called microscopic organisms) get

food from the sun. Bigger animals like plankton

eat those animals. Schools of fish eat plankton.


Living Things

Grow and Change

There are many ways to

find out if something is

alive. Another way is

through growth. Does it



Whales are one of the biggest animals in the

ocean. They grow and change. Look how much

bigger the mother Sperm Whale is than her calf.

Soon, her calf will grow to be just as big as her!


Living Things


There are many ways to find out if something is

alive. Another way is through reproduction.

Does it multiply or have offspring?


Angler fish live deep in the darkest parts of the

ocean. It reproduces, or has babies. The Angler

Fish lays clumps of eggs. Then, babies come

out of the eggs.


Living Things


There are many ways to find out if

something is alive. Another way is

through breathing. Does it breathe in gas

or air?


Tripod Fish breathe. They use a special organ

called gills to breathe in the oxygen in the



Plants and animals in

the ocean are living



All living things move,

need food, grow,

reproduce, and




Living Things- Plants or animals that move, need

food, grow and change, reproduce, and breath.

Microscopic organisms- Very tiny living things

that use sunlight as food.

Ocean- A large body of salt water that covers

71% of the earth.

Offspring- The babies living things make

Oxygen- A type of gas in the air that some living

things need to breathe.

Reproduce- When a living thing makes new



Zones- The layers of the ocean

Activity Page

Living vs Nonliving Sorting Activity


1. See the attached object cards with pictures of both living and nonliving


2. Pass the cards out to members of your class and have them place the cards

around their necks, like a necklace.

3. Depending on the students you may want to go around and have your

students name what their object is so that there is no confusion going into the


4. Once everyone has a card and knows what their objects is, have them

separate themselves into categories based on whether the object around their

neck is living or nonliving.

5. Once the students have been sorted, have them explain why they are in the

group they are in and discuss some of the characteristics that make their object

either living or nonliving. You can do this as a small group and discuss their

topic as a whole, or if your students need extra reinforcement, go around and

have each individual student explain their own object and the characteristics it

does or does not have that helped them decide what group they were in.

Check out this interactive online resource to learn more about

living things!




FitzSimmon, D. (2015). Curious Critters: Marine. China: Great Wall

Printing Company Limited.

Jenkins, S. (2009). Down, Down, Down: A Journey to the Bottom of

the Sea. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing


Pfeffer, W. (2009). Life in a Coral Reef. New York: HarperCollins


Rose, D. L. (2005). Ocean Babies. Washington, D.C.: National

Geographic Society.

Salas, L. P. (2009). Are you Living? A Song about Living and Nonliving

Things. Mankato, MN: Picture Window Books.

Savage, S. (2010). Oceans and Seas. New York, NY: Kingfisher.

Spelman, L., Dr. (2012). Animal Encyclopedia. Washington, D.C.:

National Geographic Society.


Teacher Resources

For more kid-friendly information about

the ocean and its animals




For more living things activities visit:




Kindergarten Life Science (LS)


Physical and Behavioral Traits of

Living Things

Content Statement:

Living things are different from

nonliving things.


Writing Life in the


"Life in the Ocean" came about when 3 future teachers decided

to create a thematic unit for all subjects about the ocean. The ocean is a

fascinating entity for both children and adults alike. We can learn a lot

from our ocean as it is a resource, habitat, mode of transportation, and

has been captivating the interest of humans for many years. To bring

the ocean to kindergarteners, we decided to write a nonfiction book

about the living things in the ocean. Once we chose a kindergarten

standard, we explored the library to see how other authors wrote about

the ocean. After hours of research and writing, "Life in the Ocean" was

created. This book can be implemented into any children’s literacy

program as studying nonfiction texts is very important for early grades.

The book helps children learn about the characteristics of living things

and at the end, have opportunities to implement their learning. Perhaps

this book could sit next to a classroom fish where observations of life

are recorded. "Life in the Ocean" is an essential resource for every



About the Authors

Hello Readers! My name is Polly Dexter, co-author of Life in the Ocean. I will

graduate this year with a degree in Early Childhood Education. I can't wait to be a

teacher because I will get to learn new things every day while helping readers like you

to discover how this big wide world works and what you can do in it. My favorite

ocean animals are Jellyfish because they are graceful swimmers and some even glow

in the dark using bioluminescence!

My name is Leslie Childers and I am a senior Early Childhood Education major at

Ashland University! I want to be a teacher because my elementary teachers inspired

me and I want to inspire my students one day as well. My favorite ocean animal

would have to be a seahorse because they are the only species on Earth in which the

males have the babies!

Hello! My name is Tristan Renninger and I am a senior at Ashland University and will

be receiving a dual licensure in Early Childhood Education and Intervention Specialist. I

want to be a teacher because I want to make sure that my students always have a

comfortable and positive place to learn and grow. My favorite part of the ocean is the

coral reef because of all of the beautiful colors it produces.