Annual Report 2015_FINAL.compressed




Lower Zambezi

Annual Report 2015

Photo credits

Alan Bonella

Kyle Branch

Francois d’Elbée

Matthew Hood

Shaina Irwin

Brendan Raisbeck


Annual Report for Conservation Lower Zambezi

CLZ is a non-profit conservation organisation committed to the protection

and sustainable use of the wildlife and natural resources of the Lower

Zambezi, Zambia. The organisation aims to achieve this through Wildlife

Protection, Environmental Education and a Community Support





Conservation Lower Zambezi – Background

CLZ Programmes

Wildlife Protection

Environmental Education

Community Support

Base Camp and Staff


Solar System

Staff Training and Development

Lower Zambezi Safari Guide Training

Carbon Neutral


Financial Report 2015

Annual Budget 2016

Fundraising Events
















Abbreviations & Acronyms:

AWF - African Wildlife Foundation

BCP - BioCarbon Partners

CLZ - Conservation Lower Zambezi

GMA - Game Management Area


IEF - International Elephant Foundation

LZNP - Lower Zambezi National Park

USFWS - US Fish & Wildlife Services

WPO - Wildlife Police Officer

ZAWA - Zambian Wildlife Authority

Conservation Lower Zambezi


In 1994, concerned local safari operators and other stakeholders recognised a need for

organised support for the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS, Zambia Wildlife Authority

from 2000-2015) in the Lower Zambezi. Registered as a non-governmental organisation under

the Zambian Societies Act in 1995, Conservation Lower Zambezi (CLZ) began to assist the

NPWS and the Chiawa community with their conservation and wildlife protection efforts. Since

its humble beginnings providing essential support to the local wildlife protection authority, CLZ

has grown and increased its activities and effort in the Lower Zambezi area. Not only has it

increased its support to ZAWA but CLZ has also expanded to now include components of its

Environmental Education Programme (2004), a Village Scout unit (2013), Community

Development, Safari Guides Training and Examining, wildlife research and assisting injured,

snared or orphaned wildlife.

CLZ has been in existence for over 20 years and is governed by a voluntary Board, which is

democratically elected at an Annual General Meeting under the constitution and made up of

members from the Lower Zambezi and independent supporters.

Wildlife Protection

Environmental Education

Community Support


Wildlife Protection


CLZ assists the Zambian Wildlife Authority (ZAWA) in their mandate to protect the wildlife of the

Lower Zambezi primarily by providing technical and material support, training and capacity building

to anti-poaching scout patrols and the support of a Village Scout unit (jointly employed by CLZ and

the local Community Resource Boards). ZAWA is severely underfunded and under-equipped, so

much so that many anti-poaching patrols may not take place if support was not provided by CLZ.

Support consists of food rations, First Aid kits and field patrol equipment, transport for deployments,

GPSs and technical support from CLZ Base Camp Control Centre in the form of de-briefings before

and after deployments, 24/7 communications; and centralised GIS system for recording patrol

tracks and documenting any illegal activity data recorded during patrols. Further support comes

from CLZ’s regular aerial patrols which not only provide support to patrol teams, but are also key to

detecting illegal activities on the ground.

CLZ’s support to ZAWA has gradually increased over the years and is linked to an increase in the

number of patrols deployed in the park and surrounding GMAs every year (see figure below).



No. of mandays (ZAWA &VS)








Long Patrols

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015






No. of Long Patrols (10-day)


Wildlife Protection

Foot Patrols

In 2015, CLZ supported 235 10-day patrols in the park and in

the surrounding Game Management Areas (GMAs), which

totals 10,663 man-days including short (5-day) patrols. The

majority of patrols focused on the valley floor and the lower

foothills of the escarpment. Foot and aerial patrols have

revealed that these are the areas where the majority of

poaching activities occur. Man-power shortages remain one

of the biggest challenges to ZAWA and CLZ to ensure

sufficient ‘boots on the ground’ and good coverage of the park

& GMA by patrol teams. CLZ’s Village Scout Unit is an

important addition to man-power in the area. In 2015, the VS

unit, with just 20 men and women, was responsible for 40% of

total patrol effort in the Lower Zambezi National Park and

surrounding GMAs.

235 long patrols

10,663 man-days





Patrol Effort


































Nov Dec 8.0




















Dec Jan





















Wildlife Protection

Elephant Poaching

Following escalating trends in poaching across Africa, the Lower Zambezi experienced a spike in

elephant poaching over the last two years. The year 2013 saw the lowest level of elephant poaching

in the park on record, declining from over 50 per year between 2008 and 2010, to 24 in 2011, 11 in

2012 and 5 in 2013. A total of 43 elephants were poached in the park (and 45 in surrounding GMAs)

in 2015 – a trend that is predicted to continue over the next few years. With highest demands from the

Asian and US markets (in the case of ivory), wildlife crimes are trans-boundary and need to be

addressed accordingly – at all levels of governance and justice – internationally, regionally and locally.

While addressing these problems on an international scale lies largely with government bodies and

international organisations, local governing bodies and non-governmental organisations can assist by

addressing not the causes but the symptoms on a more regional/local level. CLZ hopes to address

some of both symptoms & causes by establishing specialised anti-poaching units in conjunction with

information gathering and courtroom monitoring and support of prosecutors.






















2012################## 2013################## 2014##################### 2015###################

Many#confirmed# Many#confirmed# Few#confirmed# None#confirmed#

with#anthrax# with#anthrax# with#anthrax# with#anthrax#

The year 2015 saw the highest number of elephants poached in the

Lower Zambezi on record and highlights the need for urgent action.


Wildlife Protection

Law Enforcement

Annual Operations Meeting

In April, CLZ hosted the Annual Operations Meeting with ZAWA and conservation stakeholders

around the Lower Zambezi National Park. Fourteen delegates, including representatives from

BioCarbon Partners and the ZAWA Area Wardens from the respective areas (Chongwe, Chirundu,

Chinunuyu, Mukumba and Luangwa) attended the meeting. The meeting was held with the intention

to evaluate the successes and shortcomings of the past year for the various areas involved and to

focus on collective strategic planning for the upcoming year. The meeting facilitated lots of discussion

and collaborative planning with agreeable outcomes. One of the major outcomes agreed upon was

the need to increase man-power, which may be resolved through assistance from Chinyunyu and

from the North of the park. The meeting is integral to ensuring successful and sustainable outcomes

in the protection of the Lower Zambezi National Park, its wildlife and its resources.

Base Camp Operations Room and Kulefu Outpost Base

In 2014, the Beit Trust generously donated £22,000

to CLZ to build housing for the Village Scout Unit.

Due to unforeseen circumstances relating to the

property that was earmarked for the housing,

building of these could not commence. After months

of negotiations, CLZ requested to re-allocate this

funding to expanding its operations infrastructure.

The Beit Trust kindly agreed to re-allocate the funds

to an operations outpost in the east of the park

(Kulefu) and a new Control Centre at CLZ’s Base

Camp. Construction of the Kulefu outpost

commenced in August 2015. The Kulefu Operations

Outpost is part of a drive by CLZ and ZAWA to

strengthen law enforcement efforts and increase

managerial support of field effort in this central part

of the park and eastern end of the valley floor. An

area that prior to the Kulefu Base has been devoid

of consistent management support due to its

inaccessibility. Depending on the final layout of the

Intensive Protection Zone (as part of a planned

Restoration Programme), this outpost is also likely

to become a key base for law enforcement

operations following the reintroduction of wildlife.

CLZ would also like to thank Charles Davy for his

financial and in-kind assistance to the Kulefu

construction, the US Fish & Wildlife Services for

solar equipment and pump for the Kulefu Outpost,

and Riccardo Garbaccio and the Kanyemba

carpenters for furniture and roof construction.


Wildlife Protection

Special Operations

The Lower Zambezi goes SMART

CLZ hosted two training workshops on SMART

(Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool), in

partnership with Panthera, to facilitate easy and

efficient information recording by patrol teams.

SMART runs on ‘Trimbles’ which are handheld

GPS-enabled computer devices with a camera that

allows patrol teams to record any information in

real-time. Upon completion of the patrol, all data

(patrol tracks, photos, GPS coordinates for animals

seen, signs of illegal activity etc.) are downloaded

into the SMART database. From this, data can be

easily extracted for reporting purposes and

effective monitoring. The two workshops, held in

May and November 2015, were aimed at both CLZ

operations staff and ZAWA Wildlife Police Officers.

CLZ would like to thank Michelle Moeller from

Panthera and Richard Bergyl from North Carolina

Zoo for their dedication to this training.

Weapons Refurbishment

In December, CLZ held a weapons refurbishment workshop that

was kindly funded by the African Wildlife Foundation and

supported by Sporting Guns who supplied toolkits and a trainer.

The workshop was attended by four ZAWA armourers (one

each from Chirundu, Chilanga, Chongwe and Luangwa Boma)

in order for them to be trained in weapons refurbishment and

maintenance. Twenty AK47 assault rifles were refurbished,

which were officially handed over from CLZ to ZAWA’s

Operations Manager Matthews Mushimbalume at Chilanga

Headquarters on 29 December. The weapons are a vital piece

of equipment for scouts in the field for anti-poaching operations

and self-protection, and it is critical that these weapons are in

working order.

Cheetah and Wild Dog Strategy Workshop

Zambia was represented by ZAWA, CLZ,

the Zambian Carnivore Programme and

Panthera at a Regional Cheetah and Wild

Dog Strategy Workshop. The workshop

looked at current and future plans to protect

cheetah and wild dog across southern

Africa. CLZ would like to thank the Range-

Wide Conservation Programme for

Cheetah and Wild Dog and Save Animals

Facing Extinction (SAFE) for organising the



Wildlife Protection

Aerial Patrols

Aerial patrols remain one of the most effective management tools for monitoring any illegal activity in

the Lower Zambezi National Park (LZNP) and surrounding Game Management Areas (GMAs), as

well as providing support to patrol teams on the ground. CLZ and the Zambian Wildlife Authority

(ZAWA) are fortunate to have access to a plane that allows them to carry out aerial patrols in the

Lower Zambezi Area Management Unit on a monthly basis. As in previous years, in 2015, the plane

was essential for spotting illegal activity, especially for finding elephant carcasses. The plane was

responsible for detecting 60% of all poached elephant carcasses found in the park & GMA in 2015,

and 52% of all elephant carcasses.

Budgeted to fly 144 hours/year, the plane flew a total of 192 hours in the LZNP, surrounding GMAs

and Kafue National Park (KNP). The plane flew a total of 10.2 hours in the Kafue National Park for

various operations, earning CLZ US$4,080 to contribute to the running costs of the plane. Of this

time, 4.4 hours were used to assist the Zambian Carnivore Programme in tracking cheetah, lion and

wild dogs in their project area in KNP. A number of collared animals were re-located after not having

been seen for a number of years. The plane also flew 2.5 hours of aerial patrolling for Game Rangers

International (GRI) and ZAWA, with another 3.3 hours of ferry flights to KNP and back.

The plane (Cessna 172) is owned by Glenn Goodall, who has kindly leased the plane at a minimal

nominal fee to CLZ since 2010, and is piloted by CLZ’s CEO Ian Stevenson. Following a three-year

extension of the lease in 2012 which came to an end in August 2015, Glenn Goodall generously

agreed to extend the lease of the aircraft for another three years (July 2018).

192 hours aerial patrolling | 72% of all poached elephant carcasses detected in the park


Environmental Education


Established in 2004, CLZ’s Nzou Environmental Education Programme aims to create awareness

about the importance and value of wildlife protection and sustainable natural resource use. The

target audience is the younger generation of the communities that surround the Lower Zambezi

National Park. Living merely a stone’s throw away from the park, the majority of these children have

never experienced the splendour of the park - but are instead typically exposed only to the threat of

wildlife in the form of crop-raiding elephants and the occasional goat-stealing lion. Furthermore,

poaching and unsustainable natural resource exploitation is rife in many of the communities

surrounding the park. CLZ hopes to build a generation of children with an interest and knowledge of

their environment thereby improving attitudes towards environmental issues within the communities

surrounding the park. Over the years, the EEP has grown substantially, and in 2015 we reached out

to school children from 56 schools around the park - Chiawa, Chongwe, Chinyunyu, Rufunsa and










































Environmental Education

Curriculum Development

CLZ’s Nzou Environmental Education

Curriculum has been adapted from the

Environmental Education curriculum kindly

provided by North Luangwa. At the

beginning of 2015, the CLZ Environmental

Education Programme team revised the

teachers’ curriculum and the lesson plan for

the school visits. Lessons now include

wildlife trafficking and animal behaviour.

These are two topics that are important for

the Lower Zambezi specifically where

communities co-exist with potentially

dangerous wildlife - understanding

behaviour is key to successful coexistence –

while an understanding of the complex local

and international web of wildlife trafficking is

a powerful way to showcase the scale of the

poaching problem.


















CLZ hosted Shayne Lindsay who is studying for a masters degree in Outdoor Environmental

and Sustainability Education at Edinburgh University. While at CLZ, she was doing her

research on the environmental education programme by interviewing learners and teachers

who are involved in the CLZ education program through a questionnaire.


Environmental Education

School Visits

EEP 2015

In 2015, CLZ hosted six school visits to its

Environmental Education Centre, which saw

150 learners from 39 schools spend two to

three days with CLZ’s Environmental

Education Manager, Besa Kaoma. One of the

highlights of the year was Proflight’s generous

offer to fly the Luangwa school group from the

Royal airstrip (10 minutes from CLZ Base

Camp) back to Luangwa after the group had

spent the weekend at the Education Centre.

Not only did this save the children a gruelling

12-hour drive from camp to Luangwa, but

gave them a once-in-a-lifetime experience

flying over the park and seeing its splendour

from the air.

The year also saw the implementation of a

Monitoring and Evaluation protocol for the

education programme which will allow CLZ to

evaluate the success of the programme over

the years, and compare between different



Every year, CLZ kicks off its education

programme with outreach visits to each of the

five project areas surrounding the park. This

year, CLZ’s EEP team again conducted five

outreach visits to the various schools and

Tshongololo conservation clubs in the areas

surrounding the Lower Zambezi National


6 school visits

150 learners

39 schools

5 outreach visits

2,528 learners

56 schools

Teacher Training Workshop

In August, CLZ hosted the annual teacher

training workshop during the school holidays.

Twenty-three teachers from the Rufunsa project

area spent three nights learning about the

environment and wildlife of the Lower Zambezi

ecosystem. The teachers participated in lessons

from the revised Nzou Environmental Education

curriculum and learnt how they can integrate

these lessons into the conservation clubs at their

respective schools.


Community Support


In places like Zambia, where humans and wildlife coexist and compete for space and natural resources

on a daily basis, providing support to the community forms a key component of wildlife protection. This

is especially true for the areas surrounding the Lower Zambezi National Park. The Chiawa Game

Management Area is home to a growing human population that relies almost entirely on subsistence

crops. Yet the area is also home to elephant and hippo, both of which frequently pass through villages

and fields where they either trample or ‘raid’ crops and granary stores – resulting in conflict and

resentment from the local community. CLZ’s community support programme is multi-faceted – from

human-wildlife conflict patrols (funded by the International Elephant Fund, the Tusk Trust and the

African Wildlife Foundation), to a chilli-growing and chilli-fence programme to elephant-behaviour


Awely Partnership

In an effort to address human-wildlife-conflict, CLZ is

proud to have partnered with Awely, an organisation

that helps and supports CLZ’s community projects

both financially and with technical expertise. The aim

of this organisation is to ensure a peaceful

coexistence between wildlife and people in Asian and

African countries with its ‘Red Cap’ programme

focusing on finding solutions for human-wildlife

conflicts. CLZ had the pleasure of hosting both Eva

Gross and Nicolas Bout from Awely in May and

December this year, respectively. Eva and Nicolas

both spent four days at CLZ Base Camp and in the

local communities working closely with Stephen Kalio,

CLZ’s HWC co-ordinator and Awely Red-Cap. It was

a great time for both to see how the various projects

are progressing, including the chilli-production and

felumbu construction at Mugarameno village. Eva

also spent time with Stephen supporting him through

database training and brainstorming ideas for action

plans to move the projects forward and introduce new

projects (such as alternative crops) for the upcoming

season. The CLZ-Awely partnership focuses on chilli

farming and chilli-fences, documenting humanwildlife-conflict

incidents, building elephant-safe

granary stores, and since the end of 2015, trialling

alternative cash crops.



Funded by the International Elephant Foundation,

CLZ set up its first Human-Wildlife-Conflict

(HWC) patrols in January 2014. With the financial

support from IEF, Tusk Trust and African Wildlife

Foundation (AWF), CLZ again ran HWC patrols

throughout the rainy season in 2015 (January –

April) which is when human-elephant-conflict is

typically at its peak due to ripening crops. This

year, AWF funded the purchase of four ‘buffalo

bikes’ that are provided to HWC patrol teams to

allow them to respond more rapidly to conflict

incidents than is possible on foot.

Community Support

Human-Wildlife-Conflict Mitigation

In 2015, human-wildlife-conflict that was recorded around the area that CLZ and Awely focus on

(communities lying between Chinsambo village in the east and Chiuye village in the west), revolved

mainly around crop-raiding incidents by elephants and hippos (43 raids in total). Livestock loss due

to predators (1 incident) is fairly uncommon. The tragic loss of an elderly lady in the community in

late October highlights that threat that elephants pose to community members while working in their

fields, especially to the elderly.

HWC Patrols

Elephant Behaviour Workshop

With funding from the International Elephant

Foundation (IEF), CLZ hosted Elephant-Behaviour

Workshops in November & December of 2015.

These workshops prepare the Village Scouts to be

better equipped to read behaviour correctly and act

accordingly when coming face-to-face with

elephants. The training was conducted by CLZ’s

Environmental Educator Besa Kaoma, Chiawa

Camp’s highly experienced and competent guide

Daniel Sisuku, ZAWA WPO Kennedy Phiri and the

ZAWA Ranger of Operations Shadreck Silumesi. The

workshop combined the theory behind elephant

behaviour and field-based practical scenarios giving

opportunities to scouts to react and consider best

practices. These training programs enable scouts to

step back and re-evaluate their teams, skills and

knowledge in a safe environment, boosts morale,

address weaknesses and strengthens existing skills

and knowledge. These programs are of great value

to scouts who are constantly in the field putting

themselves in dangerous situations for the sake of

conservation. We therefore thank IEF for this

fantastic learning opportunity. We also thank ZAWA

for their support of this program and their role in

making it happen.


Chili Farming

Community Support

Human-Wildlife-Conflict Mitigation

This year, three farmers were able to harvest

enough high quality chilli to sell to Rivonia (Zambian

condiment manufacturers). The farmers produced a

total of 65.3kg of chilis, earning them a total of

ZMW 653. In October, CLZ and Awely hosted

another successful chilli farming workshop. The

skills from the successful farmers were highlighted

to the new farming groups. At the workshop, Besa

Kaoma and Awely Red Cap Stephen Kalio covered

topics such as the chilli seedling nurseries and the

planting process, elephant behaviour, how to make

chilli fences and also how to build elephant proof

granary stores (felumbus. The participants were

able to put their skills to the test and help build a

felumbu in Mugurameno village.

65.3kg chilies harvested


In November, CLZ began to develop an alternative

crops plot with the financial and technical support

from Awely. CLZ identified a farmer, Maines Soko,

to take charge of seeding and growing alternative

crops alongside maize. The aim of the project is to

trial cash crops that are not appealing to

elephants. Alternatives include lemongrass,

turmeric, sunflower and sesame. In order to be

able to observe which crops elephants consume

when not disturbed the alternative crops were

intentionally grown in a farming area where

elephants frequently pass and where there is no

field guarding. CLZ hopes to continue the

development of the plot to establish if there is a

possibility to start planting cash crops that won’t be

attractive to the many elephants in the area.


In 2015 CLZ’s community programme continued to

support the construction of elephant safe granary

stores (felumbus). There are now a total of 24

felumbus in the Chiawa Game Management Area.

CLZ secured independent funding for felumbus

through a ‘sponsor-a-felumbu’ scheme that was

kindly run by Chiawa Camp and Old Mondoro Bush

Camp, offering their guests the opportunity to

sponsor their own felumbu (each felumbu is

numbered and allocated to a donor), as well as

through an appeal in CLZ’s newsletter. Awely is

now also funding an assistant to CLZ’s Human-

Wildlife-Conflict Coordinator Stephen Kalio to help

him with the construction of the granary stores. The

felumbus are very popular in the Chiawa GMA and

provide safe storage of maize for community


Alternative Crops

Community Support

Anti-snare Campaign

In October 2015, CLZ and Awely hosted their first anti-snare campaign. CLZ’s

Environmental Educator, Besa Kaoma, Operations Manager Rabson Tembo and Awely

Red Cap Stephen Kalio spent three days in three villages of the Chiawa GMA. The

campaign focused on the issue of snaring and how if you 'remove a snare you can save a

life'. The campaign was filled with drama activities and discussions about the effects

snaring has on wildlife and in-turn tourism and the economy of the Lower Zambezi.

Besa Kaoma enjoyed the sharing of

knowledge, stating that ‘the campaign was

very productive, the people in the villages

came out in numbers and we learnt from

them as they learnt from us. We shared

knowledge on how we can protect our

animals because most of the people on the

valley depend on the natural resources that

drive the local economy’.




Community Support


‘Rubatano’ (Unity in the local language Goba) is CLZ’s annual

community sports day that brings together local netball and

football teams to battle it out on the pitch for the grand prize of

being the strongest, fastest and fittest team in the area. On 26

July, CLZ hosted the second Rubatano Day at Kabwadu

School in the Chiawa Game Management Area. The event is

aimed to promote relationships between the local community

members, ZAWA, conservation, lodges and other stakeholders

outside of the law enforcement realm with which CLZ is often

associated. This year, 15 football teams, 10 netball teams and

hundreds of spectators attended the much anticipated event. It

was a tough battle, both for footballers and netballers alike –

and a successful, fun-filled day for young and old.

We would like to thank all

our sponsors who made

this event possible:


Baines River Camp

Chongwe Safaris

Chakanaka Farms

Chiawa Camp

Farm Pride

Hi-Fi Corp

Kanyemba Lodge

Kiambi Safaris

Mwambashi River Lodge

Proflight Zambia

Royal Zambezi Lodge

Sausage Tree Camp


Wild Tracks



Base Camp






CLZ again hosted a number of donors, members,

school children, volunteers, guides and other

overnight visitors this year. With a total of 1,342

bed nights spread across the year this earned

substantial revenue for Base Camp operations.

The majority of bed nights originated from

overnighting guides during Safari Guide Training in

March, a WWF workshop in November which

comprised 25 delegates for four nights as well as

school groups.







1342 bed nights

In July 2015, light was shed on CLZ’s Environmental Education Centre after the

generous solar installation at CLZ base camp undertaken by Empowered by Light. The

team from Standard Microgrid spent 10 days at CLZ Base Camp installing the new solar

system, that now enables Besa Kaoma to show educational videos without the use of

the generator during school visits. This system not only helps operate the EEP centre

but it equally powers the entire Base Camp from the kitchen refrigeration to laundry and

water pumps, which in turn decreases our carbon footprint. Other than for occasional

welding work CLZ Base Camp now runs 100% on solar thus saving approximately US

$10,000 per year in fuel and generator maintenance. CLZ is excited for its new

relationship and partnership with Empowered by Light where we hope to empower local

schools and the surrounding communities through solar power and light.


Base Camp

Staff Training

Peter Tembo, Operations Assistant

In May, Operations Assistant Peter Tembo, who

started in CLZ's housekeeping team in 2011,

attended a 3-week training course in Advanced

Combat Training along with representatives from

ZAWA Lower Zambezi and Kafue. The course was

held at the Save Valley Conservancy, and was

conducted by Anti-Poaching Tracking Specialists

(ATS) with trainees from across southern Africa.

CLZ was pleased to be able to further invest in

Peter’s professional development through this tough

and demanding course, which will help him in his

role to work with scouts in the field and develop the

ability of the patrol teams. We would like to thank

AMSCO for providing funds for the training.

Rabson Tembo, Operations Manager

CLZ’s Operations Manager Rabson Tembo

underwent training for a Private Pilot’s License in

South Africa in order to be able to conduct aerial

patrols alongside CLZ’s CEO Ian Stevenson. Due to

funding constraints, Rabson was under huge

pressure to complete the PPL within two months. He

performed well in his first flight- and written tests,

and remained positive. With frequent written exams

the training was incredibly intense and the weather

made it difficult to obtain sufficient number of hours

to make progress, and he was grounded much of

the time. Rabson put himself under huge amounts of

pressure and due to poor health, CLZ made the

decision to bring Rabson home early and

discontinue the training. Nevertheless, Rabson

excels in his position as Operations Manager and is

an invaluable team member. We would like to thank

the Tusk Trust and AMSCO for funding this

opportunity to Rabson.

Besa Kaoma, EEP Manager

CLZ’s Environmental Education Manager Besa

Kaoma successfully completed an online course

on Conservation and Environmental Management

with the Australian College School (ACS). CLZ

feels that it is of integral importance to invest in

the professional development of staff, allowing

programs to be heightened and further enriched

through greater skills and understanding. Besa

Kaoma therefore continues to learn and develop

within his field and position at CLZ. Besa also

completed the Advanced First Aid training course

conducted by Specialist Emergency Services



Base Camp

Staff Developments

Base Camp Staff

This year, CLZ underwent substantial growth in Base Camp staff composition. As the organisation

continues to grow over the next few years - with plans for a restocking programme and several new

law enforcement units, all of which will be accompanied by various new donors reporting needs and

increased administrative tasks - there was a need to expand its management staff. General Manager,

Eleanor Harvie, left the organisation in June, and was replaced by Vera Hoffmann in July. CLZ also

employed Francesca Cooke as Assistant General Manager and Fynn Corry as Maintenance and

Logistics Manager – both new positions in the organisation. At the beginning of 2015, CLZ employed

two female staff – an assistant to the kitchen chef and a staff cook – in an effort to employ and

empower local women.

CLZ’s Village Scout, established in 2013,

continues to run in its third year of

operation. The unit is responsible for on

average 8.1 10-day patrols and 358 mandays

per month in the Lower Zambezi NP

and surrounding GMAs, accounting for

40% of the total patrol effort in 2015. With

ZAWA’s manpower shortage, the VS unit is

a crucial addition to increasing ‘boots on

the ground’. Nevertheless, progress within

the VS unit has not been without its


This year, the VS unit decreased to 15 village scouts from an initial 20. Two scouts’ contracts were not

extended in 2015 due to information leakage. One more scout was dismissed for disciplinary issues

and two was absorbed by ZAWA. The middle level leadership quality of patrol teams has also been

lacking which has lead CLZ to put together a new ranking structure to appoint senior village scouts

based on their performance, with approval from ZAWA. CLZ is hoping this will improve leadership

skills of patrol team leaders as it is a vital component to effective wildlife protection and law

enforcement. CLZ will also be employing four more scouts to bring the manpower back to its original

level at the beginning of 2016.

Other Training

Village Scout Unit

CLZ has been able to support the training of

other staff members throughout the year.

During the two SMART workshops, Rabson

Tembo, Shaina Irwin, Peter Tembo and

Justin Gumbula were trained in using

SMART software and the Trimbles. CLZ’s

driver, Timo Kanyanya, was supported

financially to obtain his truck driving license.

Rabson Tembo and Shaina Irwin attended a

course on Environment and Natural

Resource Management that was held in

Lusaka in July.


Base Camp

Lower Zambezi Safari Guide Training

CLZ once again hosted the Lower Zambezi Safari Guide Training and Exams in March 2015 in

partnership with ZAWA, Bedrock Africa and the Lower Zambezi Safari Guide Committee. The standard

and reputation of the training and the exams continues to rise and gain momentum within the safari guide

industry in Zambia. In 2015, a total of 128 exams where written, of which 78% were passed.

Boating &

Fishing 91%








Boating &










45 new guides licensed in 2015


Environmental Sustainability

Carbon Neutrality

Tourism operators in the Lower Zambezi have teamed up with BioCarbon Partners in an inspirational

effort to make the Lower Zambezi National Park carbon-neutral for both law enforcement and tourism

operations. This is a first for Africa and a first for the world! Carbon neutrality means ‘having a zero

carbon footprint’, i.e. zero carbon emissions – something that is near impossible to achieve in today’s

world. Following internationally-recognised auditing procedures, each operator is able to assess

which activities are high in carbon-emissions with the ultimate goal of reducing these, if not

eliminating all together (e.g. replacing emissions-heavy generators with solar systems or using ‘ecocharcoal’

that is sustainably and locally produced). Emissions can then be further reduced or ‘offset’

by purchasing Verified Carbon Units (VCU’s), which in the Lower Zambezi can be purchased from the

Lower Zambezi REDD+ project. Every tourism concessionaire based in the park (Chiawa Camp, Old

Mondoro Bush Camp, Anabezi Camp, Mwambashi River Lodge, Sausage Tree and Potato Bush

Camp) and several operators from the neighbouring Chiawa GMA (Chongwe River Camp and River

House, Kasaka Lodge, Baines River Camp, Kanyemba Lodge and Royal Zambezi Lodge) have

contributed to making the park’s operations carbon-neutral.

Lower Zambezi REDD+ Project



CLZ relies entirely on donations from individuals and institutions, 100% of which are used directly for

conservation activities. Core support comes from the safari operators in the Lower Zambezi who, as

members of CLZ, contribute approximately US$125,000 to the organisation’s operational costs every

year. These membership fees are vital for the running of CLZ’s operations and CLZ would like to thank

each member for the ongoing support!

Gold | US$7,200

Chongwe River House

Kasha River Lodge

Platinum | US$12,000

Silver | US$3,600

The River Grande

Chongwe River Camp

Corporate | US$1,000

Zambian Ground Handlers

Annual Budget

Financial Report

CLZ’s accounts are managed by a professional accountant on a voluntary basis. The accounts are

audited externally on an annual basis by a professional auditing company. In 2015, CLZ raised

approximately US$300,000 through grants from US Fish and Wildlife Services, African Wildlife

Foundation, Tusk Trust, Beit Trust and the Elephant Crisis Fund. Most of this funding is earmarked

specifically for projects such as a digital repeater system for the Lower Zambezi, a canine detection unit,

wildlife protection patrols and the construction of an operations outpost base in the east of the park





Training &












Operator Additional









Annual Budget

Budget 2016

CLZ’s annual budget has steadily increased over the past couple of years, reaching almost US

$1,000,000 for 2016 (see graph). The organisation relies entirely on funds raised through membership

fees, private donations and on grants from donors such as the US Fish & Wildlife Services, African

Wildlife Foundation, the Tusk Trust, Beit Trust, and the International Elephant Foundation.

Community, 34,663
























2011! 2012! 2013! 2014! 2015!


Fundraising Events

In 2015, CLZ raised over US$10,000 through fundraising events - these

events were aimed at both raising funds for the organisation’s activities and at

raising awareness for CLZ and wildlife protection in Zambia.

The Elephant Charge

The Elephant Charge is an annual event held in the Zambian ‘outback’ that sees teams of eager

motorists come together and face the challenge of a gruelling 4x4 track. Teams have to find their way

across ridges, valleys, streams and through dense vegetation - the winning team is the one that

completes the track across 10 checkpoints in the shortest possible distance. Each team pledges a

minimum of US$800 as an ‘entry fee’ which is then distributed to 10 beneficiary organisations across

Zambia. CLZ’s very own team - the Mudhogs - again competed in their trusted vehicle, the ‘Animal’,

and managed to cross the finish line in 5th place! In order to raise funds for the Mudhogs, CLZ held

two events in Lusaka in September - the annual ‘Zambezi Teaser’ at the Deli Cafe as well as the

Elephant Kick Off Party - a Khaki Fever Ceilidh which raised approximately US$ 3,800 and was held

at Bongwe’s Barn & Guest House. The Elephant Charge event raised approximately US$61,000 of

which US$6,000 was given to CLZ as one of the 10 beneficiaries. The money raised through the

Elephant Charge has been directed to CLZ Environmental Education Programme.

Online ‘silent’ Auction

In 2015 CLZ held its first online auction which

was supported by various lodges and

stakeholders in the area. Over a one month

period, participants could bid online for various

prizes - generously donated by lodges and

restaurants. The auction was a great success

and raised approximately US$6,600.

Southern Sun-Nederberg Wine

In November 2015, the Southern Sun Hotel

(Ridgeway, Lusaka) again selected CLZ as the

charity to be supported through their Nederberg

wine tasting and auction evening. The evening

was a great success and raised US$4,000 for

CLZ. We would like to thank the Southern Sun

for their continued support to CLZ.

We would like to thank all our sponsors and supporters for these fundraising

events - without your generous financial, logistical and in-kind support, these

events would not have been possible!



Board Members

As a society, Conservation Lower Zambezi is governed by a board of

annually elected members. On 22 April 2015, the following board

members were elected to represent the CLZ Board:

Chairman: Riccardo Garbaccio, Kanyemba Lodge, Lower Zambezi

Vice-chairman: Anita Balletto, A to Z Solutions, Lusaka

Treasurer: Alan Harkness, Lusaka

Secretary: Sarah Davies, Game Rangers International, Lusaka

Chief Executive Officer: Ian Stevenson

Sipho Phiri, Entrepreneur, Lusaka

Grant Cumings, Chiawa Camp and Old Mondoro, Lower Zambezi

Shaun Davy/Charles Davy, Anabezi Luxury Tented Camp, Lower Zambezi

Timothy Featherby, Baines River Camp, Lower Zambezi

Jason Mott, Sausage Tree Camp, Lower Zambezi

Hassan Sachedina, Biocarbon Partners, Mfuwe

Juri van Zyl, Buya Bamba Ltd, Lusaka

Keira Irwin, Proflight, Lusaka

Management Team

CEO: Ian Stevenson

General Manager: Eleanor Harvie/Vera Hoffmann (July 2015)

Assistant General Manager: Cesca Cooke (July 2015)

Operations Manager: Rabson Tembo

Environmental Education Manager: Besa Kaoma

Base Camp Manager: Shaina Irwin

Maintenance & Logistics Manager: Fynn Corry (July 2015)

MAJOR DONORS (listed alphabetically)

African Management Services


African Wildlife Foundation



Beit Trust

Buya Bamba

Captain Planet Foundation

CC Systems

CLZ Members (see pg. 24)

Charles Davy

Cynthia Tuthill

Elephant Charge

Elephant Crisis Fund

Empowered By Light

Expert Africa


Chakanaka Farms

Glenn Goodall

Gwabi River Lodge

International Elephant


Leon Judah Blackmore


Pack for Purpose


Pro-car Zambia


Kanyemba Lodge

Riverbanks Zoo

Rufford Foundation



Southern Sun Ridgeway

Tony & Sally Squibbs

Total Fuel

Tusk Trust

US Fish & Wildlife Services



In memory

Timothy Mushibwe, †25 January 2015

CLZ was deeply saddened by the passing of Timothy Mushibwe, Vice-Chairman of CLZ's Board

for many years and long time supporter of our work and Zambian conservation as a whole. Mr

Mushibwe sat on CLZ's board for over ten years, during which he acted as the original

Treasurer, and subsequently as Chairman and Vice-Chairman for many years. He was a keen

fisherman and a lover of the bush. Timothy did incredible things for CLZ and dedicated his time,

energy and passion into his work with the Zambian Wildlife Authority and Wildlife for the

conservation of wildlife of the Lower Zambezi and the whole of Zambia. His passing was a tragic

loss for the Zambian tourism and wildlife sector, and CLZ would like to pass on their

condolences to all those who knew him.

Moses Tembo †15 October 2015

It is with great sadness that CLZ had to report on the untimely death of SWPO Moses

Tembo. Mr Tembo was tragically killed by an elephant whilst on duty in the Lower Zambezi

National Park. Moses dedicated his life to wildlife protection and was an invaluable member

of ZAWA. Hundreds of people were present at Mr Tembo’s funeral in Rufunsa, and the

attendance of people from all over the Lower Zambezi bore testament to his character and

presence within these communities. CLZ would like to pass on their condolences to all Mr

Tembo’s family and friends and also the rest of the wider community. Moses will be sorely


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