Which Blood Type is in More Vulnerable to Malaria

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Malaria is a horrific disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum which enters the blood stream through an Anopheles mosquito bite, and applies its damage by making red blood cells stick to each other and to the walls of blood vessels.

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Which Blood Type is in More Vulnerable to Malaria?

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Malaria is a horrific disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum which enters the blood stream through an

Anopheles mosquito bite, and applies its damage by making red blood cells stick to each other and to the

walls of blood vessels. P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) which causes the RBCs to

clump and obstruct blood flow could be removed using certain enzymes.

However, the clumps reduced in some blood types while stayed in others. For instance, blood O group had

decreased formation of blood clumps called rosettes while blood A group was unaffected much. This lead the

researchers studying this phenomenon to look for something other than PfEMP1 that lead to the clumping of

group A blood cells.

Studies demonstrated that another protein, RIFINs, secreted by the parasite particularly affected blood group

A causing it to clump and cause malaria’s horrific effects that results in tissue damage. However, this effect

with RIFINs is not noticed in blood group O because the blood group A accounts to up to 70% of this protein

effect.


The studies also showed new knowledge about RIFINs and state that about 150 rif genes carry the genetic

information for them to develop around blood group A.

Due to the difference in the severity of malaria in different blood types, areas where malaria spread show

increased number of people with blood group O. Whatever your blood group is, you should take all the

proper measurements to avoid catching a disease as deadly as malaria. Prevention measures include using

Insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs).


Vulnerable to Malaria, Health, health care

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