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Dictionary-of-Deities-and-Demons-in-the-Bible

Dictionary-of-Deities-and-Demons-in-the-Bible

  • Page 2: DICTIONARY OF DEITIES AND DEMONS IN
  • Page 5 and 6: o 1999 Koninklijke Brill NV. Leiden
  • Page 7 and 8: CONSULTANTS HANS DIETER BETZ Chicag
  • Page 9 and 10: VIII LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS Jan DEN B
  • Page 11 and 12: x UST OF CONTRIBUTORS Bernd JANOWSK
  • Page 13 and 14: XII LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS George W.
  • Page 15 and 16: XIV LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS Christoph
  • Page 17 and 18: XVI INTRODUcnON "(Why) has Apis fle
  • Page 19 and 20: XVIII INTRODUCTION of ancient Near
  • Page 22 and 23: GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS Akk Ar Aram b
  • Page 24 and 25: ABBREVIATIONS XXIII ABBREVIATIONS O
  • Page 26 and 27: ABBREVIATIO:'llS XXV AS Assyriologi
  • Page 28 and 29: ABBREVIATIONS XXVII FAT Forschungen
  • Page 30 and 31: ABBREVIATIONS XXIX MEFR(A) Melanges
  • Page 32 and 33: ABBREVIATIONS XXXI SJOT Scandinal'i
  • Page 34 and 35: ENTRIES Ab --Father Abaddon Abba -
  • Page 36 and 37: ENTRIES xxxv First-born of death Fl
  • Page 38 and 39: ENTRIES XXXVII Oak Ob -Spirit of th
  • Page 40 and 41: A AB--FATHER ABADDON I. The noun 'a
  • Page 42 and 43: ABRAHAM in the year 167 nCE. It is
  • Page 44 and 45: ADAM of Herodian architec(ure (JERE
  • Page 46 and 47: ADDIRIM - ADONIS context is found i
  • Page 48 and 49: ADRAMMELECH sources (see esp. Isaac
  • Page 50 and 51: AENEAS torical alld Archaeological
  • Page 52 and 53:

    AH - AION ment. "May Anu and gtar a

  • Page 54 and 55:

    AL Byblos' lre~ltl11ent of the hist

  • Page 56 and 57:

    ALAY - ALDEBARAN Palestine from the

  • Page 58 and 59:

    ALlYAN itic Baal. It is often secon

  • Page 60 and 61:

    ALMIGH1Y monarchies and, finally, b

  • Page 62 and 63:

    ATAR pire's claim for world power,

  • Page 64 and 65:

    AM (Num 13: 12), or Moabitc kms(m (

  • Page 66 and 67:

    AMAZONS his children. He did so in

  • Page 68 and 69:

    AMUN kingship, fertility and virili

  • Page 70 and 71:

    AM UN The temple and the festival o

  • Page 72 and 73:

    AMURRU TERO & S. N. KRAMER, Lorsque

  • Page 74 and 75:

    ANANKE torical and Archaeological S

  • Page 76 and 77:

    ANAT implies cultic enactments of t

  • Page 78 and 79:

    ANAT 1987: 170). BOWMAN (1978:247-2

  • Page 80 and 81:

    ANAT Semitic goddesses in Egypt. Ac

  • Page 82 and 83:

    ANAT '(mol. A. G. AULD 1977:85-86 c

  • Page 84 and 85:

    ANGEL 1 ab snm should refer to a de

  • Page 86 and 87:

    ANGEL I engers \vas a common courte

  • Page 88 and 89:

    ANGEL I It is frequently asserted t

  • Page 90 and 91:

    ANGEL II the -sons of the gods (Ben

  • Page 92 and 93:

    ANGEL OF DEATH - ANGEL OF YAHWEH C.

  • Page 94 and 95:

    ANGEL OF YAHWEH passages that are t

  • Page 96 and 97:

    ANGEL OF YAHWEH Kings 19, he is twi

  • Page 98 and 99:

    ANTHROPOS him ali "the angel of the

  • Page 100 and 101:

    ANTHROPOS ancient oriental myths, h

  • Page 102 and 103:

    ANTICHRIST dualism, the account of

  • Page 104 and 105:

    APHRODITE of the gods (Hesiod Theog

  • Page 106 and 107:

    APHRODITE Cybele). Charon of Lampsa

  • Page 108 and 109:

    APIS ali referring to the bull's we

  • Page 110 and 111:

    APIS rather than a defender of Osir

  • Page 112 and 113:

    APKALLU diluvian period were suppos

  • Page 114 and 115:

    APOLLO Apollo was considered an int

  • Page 116 and 117:

    APOLLYON - ARCHAI 111. The populari

  • Page 118 and 119:

    ARCHAI preting the term arc/wi in t

  • Page 120 and 121:

    ARCHANGEL highest angels in the hie

  • Page 122 and 123:

    ARCHON kralores, and hylic archons,

  • Page 124 and 125:

    ARES specific form of this myth is

  • Page 126 and 127:

    ARES for thirteen months. He only s

  • Page 128 and 129:

    ARM to strike down, i.e. to kill so

  • Page 130 and 131:

    ARTEMIS cosmic organization is seco

  • Page 132 and 133:

    ARTEMIS and her brother -Helios are

  • Page 134 and 135:

    ARTEMIS that the image of the godde

  • Page 136 and 137:

    ARVAD JtCtEC;, "fallen down from Ze

  • Page 138 and 139:

    ASflERAfI COOPER, Divine Names and

  • Page 140 and 141:

    ASHERAH BM 22454. In this her epith

  • Page 142 and 143:

    ASHERAH data in Kgs. t\\·o referen

  • Page 144 and 145:

    ASHIjUR - ASHIMA (1997) 1-16: C. H.

  • Page 146 and 147:

    ASMODEUS deities of Ohrmazd's (Ahum

  • Page 148 and 149:

    ASTARTE his sons Ninurta and ababa.

  • Page 150 and 151:

    ASTARTE and Astarte are described i

  • Page 152 and 153:

    ASTARTE senting all such cults as p

  • Page 154 and 155:

    ATARGATIS sceptre. This iconographi

  • Page 156 and 157:

    ATHENA weapons. helmet. lance. and

  • Page 158 and 159:

    ATUM and Athena Polias (Manchester

  • Page 160 and 161:

    ATUM standard (V. NOTTER, BiblisclJ

  • Page 162 and 163:

    ATUM staff (RYHINER 1977:125-137).

  • Page 164 and 165:

    AVENGER - AYA D. G. MOLLER. Geister

  • Page 166 and 167:

    AYISH - AZABBIM the Semitic Deities

  • Page 168 and 169:

    AZAZEL cf. Ges. 17 576; HALAT 762).

  • Page 170 and 171:

    AZAZEL 14:4-6 ctc.: sec HANSON 1977

  • Page 172 and 173:

    BAAL may also be used to refer to t

  • Page 174 and 175:

    BAAL of Aqhat narrates how Baal int

  • Page 176 and 177:

    BAAL emics which came to dominate t

  • Page 178 and 179:

    BAALAT Ugaritic Documentation of Sa

  • Page 180 and 181:

    BAAL-BERITH Sketch, PEQ 89 (1957) 1

  • Page 182 and 183:

    BAAL-BERITII Judges (KAUFMANN 1961:

  • Page 184 and 185:

    BAAL-HAZOR - BAAL-HERMON BAAL-HAZOR

  • Page 186 and 187:

    BAAL OF PEOR It is also known as Be

  • Page 188 and 189:

    BAAL-SHALISHA - BAAL-SHAMEM Baal (s

  • Page 190 and 191:

    BAAL-TAMAR named in inscriptions wi

  • Page 192 and 193:

    BAAL-ZAPHON is also alluded to in P

  • Page 194 and 195:

    BAAL ZEBUn the name's original fonn

  • Page 196 and 197:

    BAETYL Plato had developed a theory

  • Page 198 and 199:

    BAGA by Kronos. 'had the shape of a

  • Page 200 and 201:

    BARAQ - BASHAN ARET 5 [1984J. no. 3

  • Page 202 and 203:

    BASHTU offered by the Mesopotamian

  • Page 204 and 205:

    BEElZEBUl - BEHEMOTH They may come

  • Page 206 and 207:

    BEHEMOTH by emending MT 'user 'ciSi

  • Page 208 and 209:

    BEL - BELIAL zweiten Gottesrede, vr

  • Page 210 and 211:

    BELTU Belial is very well attested

  • Page 212 and 213:

    BES - BETHEL Bcletja), eine. zunach

  • Page 214 and 215:

    BLOOD connection between these monu

  • Page 216 and 217:

    BOSHET - BREASTS AND WOMB stands ma

  • Page 218 and 219:

    BROTHER Sin-abi-wedi, 'Sin is a Bro

  • Page 220 and 221:

    CALF ing. has an ancient pedigree i

  • Page 222 and 223:

    CARMEL of counuies and ClUes of the

  • Page 224 and 225:

    CASTOR - CHAOS tion and fertility.

  • Page 226 and 227:

    CHEMOSH stem, may mean 'conqueror,

  • Page 228 and 229:

    CHERUBIM forms to the same scheme o

  • Page 230 and 231:

    CHERUBIM invisible deity (HARAN 195

  • Page 232 and 233:

    CHRIST ei/l means 'to rub, anoint w

  • Page 234 and 235:

    CHRIST king?). Also in the Testamen

  • Page 236 and 237:

    CHRIST 'my son/servant, the anointe

  • Page 238 and 239:

    CHRIST Jesus' death and resurrectio

  • Page 240 and 241:

    CLAY ft. He and other scholars conn

  • Page 242 and 243:

    CONSTELLATIONS distinguished from t

  • Page 244 and 245:

    COUNCIL of the gods'. pbr m'd 'asse

  • Page 246 and 247:

    COUNCIL ferred to only as the setti

  • Page 248 and 249:

    CREATOR OF ALL 1998). Like the Myth

  • Page 250 and 251:

    CURSE Krise des pol)'theistischen W

  • Page 252 and 253:

    CURSE oped in different ways by oth

  • Page 254 and 255:

    CYBELE such as Rhea, Agdistis. Ma.

  • Page 256 and 257:

    DAGON of Ugaritic mythology) may be

  • Page 258 and 259:

    DA(')MU - DANIEL interpreted as an

  • Page 260 and 261:

    DATAN - DAY though I havc remarked

  • Page 262 and 263:

    DAY STAR - DEAD (Gen I:5) the day i

  • Page 264 and 265:

    DEAD Field of Offerings or Reeds. R

  • Page 266 and 267:

    DEAD SCHMIDT, Israel's Beneficelll

  • Page 268 and 269:

    DEAD Deut 2:10; Num 13:33). Scholar

  • Page 270 and 271:

    DEATH - DEBER tices are similarly r

  • Page 272 and 273:

    DEMETER ration. not deification). I

  • Page 274 and 275:

    DEMON of pigs. and fasting and feas

  • Page 276 and 277:

    DEMON especially plague (cf. in Gre

  • Page 278 and 279:

    DEMON wicked -·giants who conquere

  • Page 280 and 281:

    DESTROYER capacity as angels/messen

  • Page 282 and 283:

    DESTROYER posts, building an altar,

  • Page 284 and 285:

    DEVIL conceived of as a monstrous s

  • Page 286 and 287:

    DEVIL as to sell -.Joseph into slav

  • Page 288 and 289:

    DEW fense attorney, in Jesus (l Joh

  • Page 290 and 291:

    DIKE e.g. Pausanias 5, 18, 2; funhe

  • Page 292 and 293:

    DIONYSUS mSlstlng on Dionysos' 110n

  • Page 294 and 295:

    DIONYSUS women; but while mythical

  • Page 296 and 297:

    DIONYSUS the identification on deta

  • Page 298 and 299:

    DIVINE BEINGS - DOD Kabeiroi (maybe

  • Page 300 and 301:

    DOD deity dwd, rather than on a car

  • Page 302 and 303:

    DOVE DOVE 7tEptOtEpa I. Although th

  • Page 304 and 305:

    nOXA - DRAGON DOXA -. GLORY DRAGON

  • Page 306 and 307:

    DYNAMIS Sih. Or. 5:522, or Hydra, s

  • Page 308 and 309:

    DYNAMIS autokinetos dynamis (Sextus

  • Page 310 and 311:

    E EA -. AYA EAGLE -;0: I. The commo

  • Page 312 and 313:

    EBEN - EDOM known from Greek texts

  • Page 314 and 315:

    EL tOU oi>pavou. Vg nonnally reads

  • Page 316 and 317:

    EL gods. This is the case in the Ar

  • Page 318 and 319:

    EL world (e.g. Gen 35: 1. 3; Exod 1

  • Page 320 and 321:

    ELDERS (KAI 244) and the KOlllwros

  • Page 322 and 323:

    EWAH The ascension traditions have

  • Page 324 and 325:

    ELOAH 1099; U. KElLERMANN, Zu den E

  • Page 326 and 327:

    ELOAH example, lhe fonn 'Ih exists

  • Page 328 and 329:

    EL-OLAM appellative and began to be

  • Page 330 and 331:

    EL-ROI Iheism (BETL 91; Leuven 1990

  • Page 332 and 333:

    ELYON cf. VAN DER TOORN 1991:57) ha

  • Page 334 and 335:

    ELYON junction may be a waw explica

  • Page 336 and 337:

    ELYON Moab to curse the Israelites,

  • Page 338 and 339:

    EMIM - EMMANUEL Abraham and His Pri

  • Page 340 and 341:

    ENOCH lover and husband of -Tiamat,

  • Page 342 and 343:

    ENOCH opportunity for a discourse o

  • Page 344 and 345:

    EROS to create frenzy and confusion

  • Page 346 and 347:

    ESHMUN some scholars to explain the

  • Page 348 and 349:

    ETEMMU 190, 228-231; P. BORDREUIL,

  • Page 350 and 351:

    ETEMMU ing of Erkalla's god I To th

  • Page 352 and 353:

    ETERNllY ByMos [CBQMS 9; Washington

  • Page 354 and 355:

    EUPHRATES [19891, no. 39 r.3). Sinc

  • Page 356 and 357:

    EVEI{LASTING GOD - EVIL INCLINATION

  • Page 358 and 359:

    EVIL SPIRIT OF GOD Tallbuma B: Wa,n

  • Page 360 and 361:

    EXOUSIAI v:7-8: 1.4 iv:23-24: 1.5 v

  • Page 362 and 363:

    FACE pears in an inscnpuon from the

  • Page 364 and 365:

    FALSEHOOD 13) and become princes am

  • Page 366 and 367:

    FATHER father-ancestral figure, pro

  • Page 368 and 369:

    FEAR OF ISAAC same: "there is no va

  • Page 370 and 371:

    FIRE by the nocturnal appcarnnce of

  • Page 372 and 373:

    FIRST BORN OF DEATH Biblical and Re

  • Page 374 and 375:

    FLAME ing Mot behind the term beM,

  • Page 376 and 377:

    FORTUNA Hist. 4.47: Firmicus Matern

  • Page 378 and 379:

    GAD Michael, Sariel and Remiel. He

  • Page 380 and 381:

    GAlUS - GEPEN 19:38), or as 'Towcr

  • Page 382 and 383:

    GHOST - GIANTS identification of a

  • Page 384 and 385:

    GIBBORIM more often. though not as

  • Page 386 and 387:

    GIRL the LORD when yuur slain lie a

  • Page 388 and 389:

    GLORY the Glory would rather seem t

  • Page 390 and 391:

    GLORY IV. The NT continues the usag

  • Page 392 and 393:

    GOD (1) of deities-without there be

  • Page 394 and 395:

    GOD (I) Egyptian theology as :l sta

  • Page 396 and 397:

    GOD (I) c1car, howcvcr, that the go

  • Page 398 and 399:

    GOD (1) jars of beer without detrim

  • Page 400 and 401:

    GOD (I) phaim) in parallelism with

  • Page 402 and 403:

    GOD (I) spoke from heaven, not from

  • Page 404 and 405:

    GOD (II) Cl"il'~, nVAT I (1970-73)

  • Page 406 and 407:

    GOD (II) should be used with cautio

  • Page 408 and 409:

    GOD OF FORTRESSES Vienna 1953): POT

  • Page 410 and 411:

    GOD OF HEAVEN became a 'god of heav

  • Page 412 and 413:

    GOG to any specific situation. indi

  • Page 414 and 415:

    GUSH 7b; Tg. Neof. Nurn II :26: "El

  • Page 416 and 417:

    H HABY '~n I. In Isa 26:20 the tenn

  • Page 418 and 419:

    HADAD Garelli [Paris 1991] 81-90, e

  • Page 420 and 421:

    HADAD accompanied by calls of "Hada

  • Page 422 and 423:

    HAIL - HAM with his brothers -Zeus

  • Page 424 and 425:

    HARAN - HATHOR FLATTERY & M. SCHWAR

  • Page 426 and 427:

    HE-OF-THE-SINAI the powerful word H

  • Page 428 and 429:

    HEAVEN as in Ugarit-heaven and eart

  • Page 430 and 431:

    HEAVENLY BEINGS - HEBAT and prophet

  • Page 432 and 433:

    HELEL Ugaritic "II which occurs in

  • Page 434 and 435:

    HEllOS *salJel-, *sliI-, will have

  • Page 436 and 437:

    HEllOS Salamis in Cyprus, 3rd centu

  • Page 438 and 439:

    HEllOS 325 (BRUUN 1958; J. BLEICKEN

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    HERA early 2nd century CEo of Sunda

  • Page 442 and 443:

    HERACLES variety of exploits includ

  • Page 444 and 445:

    HEREM - HERMES high priest who has

  • Page 446 and 447:

    HERMES 1.10.3: Ovid. Fast. 5.667: A

  • Page 448 and 449:

    HERMES and popular of the Egyptian

  • Page 450 and 451:

    HERMON for November 4; sec also the

  • Page 452 and 453:

    HEROS and Hesiod), the heroes were

  • Page 454 and 455:

    HODAD - HOLY ONE ZER. Le motif du b

  • Page 456 and 457:

    HOLY ONE tian theonym is best rende

  • Page 458 and 459:

    HOLY SPIRIT endowment. The connecti

  • Page 460 and 461:

    HOLY SPIRIT found in hellenistic so

  • Page 462 and 463:

    HOLY SPIRIT clearly stated. The Boo

  • Page 464 and 465:

    HORON Harbe, king of Babylon ' (EA

  • Page 466 and 467:

    BOSIOS KAI IJIKAIOS suggested that

  • Page 468 and 469:

    HOST OF HEAVEN time, the host of he

  • Page 470 and 471:

    HUMBABA can read: lIa-ard)-III1-lII

  • Page 472 and 473:

    HUM BAN Mesopotamian Enlil, the hea

  • Page 474 and 475:

    HYACINTHUS these daughters of Erech

  • Page 476 and 477:

    HYlE - HYMENAIOS the same variation

  • Page 478 and 479:

    HYPSISTOS remark by Pausanias (Desc

  • Page 480 and 481:

    HYPSISTOS structions referring to t

  • Page 482 and 483:

    HYPSlSTOS duction. Greek text. deta

  • Page 484 and 485:

    IBIS are often inscribed with the m

  • Page 486 and 487:

    ILiB ILIB I. The term ilib is found

  • Page 488 and 489:

    IMAGE regarded as represented by a

  • Page 490 and 491:

    ISHMAEL 21: 17 (E) as a wish for an

  • Page 492 and 493:

    ISHTAR a goddess of sexual love and

  • Page 494 and 495:

    ISHTAR change. hence also insatiabi

  • Page 496 and 497:

    ISIS and "solar eye" whom he placed

  • Page 498 and 499:

    J JACKALS C"~ I. The noun 'in'lm, t

  • Page 500 and 501:

    JAEL - JAGHUT 1958:90-94). The Sama

  • Page 502 and 503:

    JASON (3) both characters are indir

  • Page 504 and 505:

    JEPHTHAH'S DAUGHTER JEPHTHAH'S DAUG

  • Page 506 and 507:

    JESUS (6:11-15. OTP I 497-515: cr.

  • Page 508 and 509:

    JESUS obscrvation is typical that h

  • Page 510 and 511:

    JESUS teaching with authority and h

  • Page 512 and 513:

    JEUSH - JEZEBEL Salutis III 1 (cd.

  • Page 514 and 515:

    JORDAN ement Jar- has been construe

  • Page 516 and 517:

    JUDAH whether they became Joseph's

  • Page 518 and 519:

    KELTI - KENAN KELTI I. In the Amama

  • Page 520 and 521:

    KESIL - KHVARENAH kese~ did not ret

  • Page 522 and 523:

    KIMAH - KING Saviours at the end of

  • Page 524 and 525:

    KING yllw[II.. ] ... brk bgy[m] mlk

  • Page 526 and 527:

    KING OF TERRORS Terrors' may be, id

  • Page 528 and 529:

    KIRIRI~A KIRIRISA I. Kiriri~a (var.

  • Page 530 and 531:

    KOSHAROTH A relic of the divine nam

  • Page 532 and 533:

    KYRIOS 1762. no. 23 [Pluton] stems

  • Page 534 and 535:

    KYRIOS poses a divine faculty of th

  • Page 536 and 537:

    KYRIOS Seminar Papers 110,2 (1974)

  • Page 538 and 539:

    LAH Assyrian and Babylonian Religio

  • Page 540 and 541:

    LAHAI-ROI about the nature of that

  • Page 542 and 543:

    LAMB to be partly an OT background

  • Page 544 and 545:

    LAW - LEAH a surname of Aya in that

  • Page 546 and 547:

    LEGIOr" Syria invoke the Lebanon an

  • Page 548 and 549:

    LEL 403), but also to the Akkadian

  • Page 550 and 551:

    LEVIATHAN tion (KA1214), for the go

  • Page 552 and 553:

    LEVIATHAN point of view of iconogra

  • Page 554 and 555:

    LIBRA may be tenned naturalistic an

  • Page 556 and 557:

    L1ERS IN WAIT - LIES (Stuttgart 196

  • Page 558 and 559:

    LIGHTNING LIGHTNING pi:l I. The roo

  • Page 560 and 561:

    LIM to each other. This also led to

  • Page 562 and 563:

    LIM 35 J), I-bi-j!-Li-im, an Eblait

  • Page 564 and 565:

    LOGOS the identity. character and r

  • Page 566 and 567:

    LOGOS transcendent realm) as well a

  • Page 568 and 569:

    LOGOS Wisdom of Prov 8:22. The seco

  • Page 570 and 571:

    LORD gen ZUT Kosmologie des helleni

  • Page 572 and 573:

    LORDSHIP - LYRE double names does t

  • Page 574 and 575:

    MAGOG the 'Hall of the Two Ma'ats'.

  • Page 576 and 577:

    MAKEDON to confinn that the names G

  • Page 578 and 579:

    MALIK ing which is now connected wi

  • Page 580 and 581:

    MALIK of divine names RS 20.24: RS

  • Page 582 and 583:

    MAN - MARDUK The two other texts, L

  • Page 584 and 585:

    MARDUK ber of the pantheon and god

  • Page 586 and 587:

    MARDUK however, in EI/limll EJish,

  • Page 588 and 589:

    MARY of the Nco-Babylonian period.

  • Page 590 and 591:

    MARY '. Mary early in the founh cen

  • Page 592 and 593:

    MASHljlT - MASTEMAH (Cambridge 1975

  • Page 594 and 595:

    MEDIATOR I human being and to inter

  • Page 596 and 597:

    MEDIATOR II TIlird Millennillm Sume

  • Page 598 and 599:

    MEDIATOR II the chief influence on

  • Page 600 and 601:

    MELCHIZEDEK priesthood apparently d

  • Page 602 and 603:

    MELQART biblical traditions concern

  • Page 604 and 605:

    MENELAOS brought forth from the mid

  • Page 606 and 607:

    MEN I detennine destiny (AkkGE 222-

  • Page 608 and 609:

    MESITES - MICHAEL the same list, it

  • Page 610 and 611:

    MICHAEL nounces the final judgment.

  • Page 612 and 613:

    MIGHTY ONE OF JACOB time at the sun

  • Page 614 and 615:

    MIGHTY ONES - MILCOM (1921) 296-300

  • Page 616 and 617:

    MIN - MISHARU MIN I. Min is an Egyp

  • Page 618 and 619:

    MITHRAS treaties between men. He pr

  • Page 620 and 621:

    MOLECH V. Bibliography *R. BECK, Mi

  • Page 622 and 623:

    MOLECH deities. Nevertheless, the u

  • Page 624 and 625:

    MOON prise that scholars have combe

  • Page 626 and 627:

    MOON could also signify the displea

  • Page 628 and 629:

    MOON Harran following its destructi

  • Page 630 and 631:

    MOON Moon-god in the region as evid

  • Page 632 and 633:

    MOSES the biblical tradition's port

  • Page 634 and 635:

    MOSES ing with the Lord on Mount Si

  • Page 636 and 637:

    MOSES work are surrounded with lege

  • Page 638 and 639:

    MOT others. Some take the view that

  • Page 640 and 641:

    MOT latter must be renewed every ye

  • Page 642 and 643:

    MOTHER Guilford, CT 1987) 65-69: S.

  • Page 644 and 645:

    MOUTH 31 :54; Hab 3: 10), in contra

  • Page 646 and 647:

    N NARU j~j I. NabO is the Babylonia

  • Page 648 and 649:

    NAB() 1684 BCE) relates an amatory

  • Page 650 and 651:

    NAME divine entities with separate

  • Page 652 and 653:

    NANEA [1992) 53-60: she is the twel

  • Page 654 and 655:

    NARU - NEHUSHTAN that is the refusa

  • Page 656 and 657:

    NEITH important is her attribute as

  • Page 658 and 659:

    NEPHILIM awe felt by nomads for set

  • Page 660 and 661:

    NERGAL gift of prophecy and the abi

  • Page 662 and 663:

    NIBHAZ - NIGHT NIBHAZ m~~ J. Nibhaz

  • Page 664 and 665:

    NIKE discussions of the whole armor

  • Page 666 and 667:

    NIMROD gods. He was honoured with o

  • Page 668 and 669:

    NIMROD Yahweh interpreting lipne 'b

  • Page 670 and 671:

    NISROCH read jdur/, so that there i

  • Page 672 and 673:

    NOBLE ONES The best-known version o

  • Page 674 and 675:

    NYMPH love commandment-which is the

  • Page 676 and 677:

    o OAK P?~ I. According to ALBRIGHT

  • Page 678 and 679:

    OG this way appears as a kind of Ca

  • Page 680 and 681:

    OLAM - OLDEN GODS OLAM ~ETERNITY OL

  • Page 682 and 683:

    OLDEN GODS bowels. Before hiding hi

  • Page 684 and 685:

    OLYMPUS these clements were by no m

  • Page 686 and 687:

    ONE epithet of God is not confined

  • Page 688 and 689:

    OSIRIS III. A plausible case can be

  • Page 690 and 691:

    OSIRIS 69-70). Assuming that v 4 ta

  • Page 692 and 693:

    PATROKLOS for their sins and the si

  • Page 694 and 695:

    PHOEBUS - PHOENIX "In this way we w

  • Page 696 and 697:

    PLEIADES "Then I said: I shall die

  • Page 698 and 699:

    POLLUX - POSEIDON gllismo a Ebla (e

  • Page 700 and 701:

    POSEIDON not a marine god at all, b

  • Page 702 and 703:

    PRINCE -+Michael as "your prince" (

  • Page 704 and 705:

    PRONOIA vision for the future (e.g.

  • Page 706 and 707:

    PROTECTORS draws much more upon the

  • Page 708 and 709:

    PYTHON the two lands (= Egypt)". an

  • Page 710 and 711:

    PYfHON the area or city of Pytho wh

  • Page 712 and 713:

    QETEB QETEB JC!lj? I. The term Qe!e

  • Page 714 and 715:

    QOS been the names of Shasu clans f

  • Page 716 and 717:

    oos worship of Q6s seems to origina

  • Page 718 and 719:

    QUEEN OF ilEAVEN Queen of Heaven, i

  • Page 720 and 721:

    QUIRINUS governor of Syria in 6 CE

  • Page 722 and 723:

    RACHEL rabi~ liri, "the rabi$u of t

  • Page 724 and 725:

    RAHAB should be read against the ba

  • Page 726 and 727:

    RAM - RAPHA ites figure as staunch

  • Page 728 and 729:

    RE is metaphorically seen as a 'rav

  • Page 730 and 731:

    RE ity. and individual hopes for he

  • Page 732 and 733:

    REPHAIM KTU 1.20 ii:8 might be unde

  • Page 734 and 735:

    REPHAIM COUllcil [HSM 24; Chico 198

  • Page 736 and 737:

    REPHAIM 'the slain that lie in the

  • Page 738 and 739:

    REPHAIM 12:4; 13:12; 17:5; 2 Sam 21

  • Page 740 and 741:

    -- Hebrew (8 times), as ra-sa-ap at

  • Page 742 and 743:

    RIDER UPON THE CLOUDS Moses. deals

  • Page 744 and 745:

    RIDING HORSEMAN Ciircibut as OOOI10

  • Page 746 and 747:

    RIGHTEOUSNESS - RIVER echoed by 4 M

  • Page 748 and 749:

    ROCK They are taken to be 'primeval

  • Page 750 and 751:

    RULER CULT -+Zeus or Jupiter usuall

  • Page 752 and 753:

    RULER CULT was taken by the provinc

  • Page 754 and 755:

    RULER CULT perial cult rendered the

  • Page 756 and 757:

    s SABBATH ra~lXItov Sabbatllm I. A

  • Page 758 and 759:

    SAINTS Yisra'el 'Holy One of Israel

  • Page 760 and 761:

    SAINTS OF THE MOST HIGH 14:23, whic

  • Page 762 and 763:

    SAMSON - SANCTUARY G. LAMBERT, Stud

  • Page 764 and 765:

    SASAM HORST, Samh's Seminal Emissio

  • Page 766 and 767:

    SATAN be rcferred to as ho poneros

  • Page 768 and 769:

    SATAN whether it denotes an office

  • Page 770 and 771:

    SATAN Being a transliteration from

  • Page 772 and 773:

    SAVIOUR 34:13-15: tannfm. benOt yai

  • Page 774 and 775:

    SAVIOUR aut condere novas aut conse

  • Page 776 and 777:

    SEA SPICQ, Notes de lexicographie l

  • Page 778 and 779:

    SEA In Anatolia. there is above all

  • Page 780 and 781:

    SEA There is a strong association b

  • Page 782 and 783:

    SERAPHIM is generally taken as a de

  • Page 784 and 785:

    SERPENT many roles: as an adversary

  • Page 786 and 787:

    SERPENT speech (cf. Gen 2: 19-20 in

  • Page 788 and 789:

    SEVEN - SHADDAY sions. Whether thes

  • Page 790 and 791:

    SHADDAY hymn is post-exilic (cf. es

  • Page 792 and 793:

    SHAHAN (1990) 11-23: KNAUF. Dusham

  • Page 794 and 795:

    SHALEM Job prays that the day of hi

  • Page 796 and 797:

    SHALMAN and many scholars so argue

  • Page 798 and 799:

    SHEAN - SHEBEN Shaushka when it com

  • Page 800 and 801:

    SHEGER VATTIONI, Ecclesiasticus [Na

  • Page 802 and 803:

    SHEM that sl~ refers to the 'River

  • Page 804 and 805:

    SHEMESH Hebrew anthroponomy does no

  • Page 806 and 807:

    SHEMESH avoid some . possible mytho

  • Page 808 and 809:

    SHEOL of basic knowledge experience

  • Page 810 and 811:

    SHEQER - SHIELD OF ABRAHAM List, th

  • Page 812 and 813:

    SHIMlGE person with that protection

  • Page 814 and 815:

    SHULMANITU been recovered in the pe

  • Page 816 and 817:

    SHUNEM - SIDON JBL 99 [1980J 82-83)

  • Page 818 and 819:

    SIMON MAGUS IV. Bibliography P. F.

  • Page 820 and 821:

    SIN Simon of Acts, or has some deve

  • Page 822 and 823:

    SIRJON Harran (GREEN 1992:67). Norm

  • Page 824 and 825:

    SOIL mous heroes to account for the

  • Page 826 and 827:

    SOIL ARCHI, on the other hand, rega

  • Page 828 and 829:

    SON OF GOD (BREASTED 1906:59). The

  • Page 830 and 831:

    SON OF GOD whom I uphold, My Chosen

  • Page 832 and 833:

    SON OF GOD for believing that he wi

  • Page 834 and 835:

    SONS OF (THE) GOn(s) the term bene-

  • Page 836 and 837:

    SONS OF (TIlE) GOO(S) the descendan

  • Page 838 and 839:

    SONS OF (THE) GOD(S) one of the· d

  • Page 840 and 841:

    SON OF MAN man' is a heavenly figur

  • Page 842 and 843:

    SON OF MAN who stands before him, c

  • Page 844 and 845:

    SOURCE SOURCE rot' I. Sources (Heb

  • Page 846 and 847:

    SPIRIT OF THE DEAD posed by some to

  • Page 848 and 849:

    STARS 'one who speaks from his bell

  • Page 850 and 851:

    STARS of the firmament (Prov 8:27):

  • Page 852 and 853:

    STARS Yahweh (ZATELLI 1991:91-92).

  • Page 854 and 855:

    STOICHEIA loNG. Astrology. IDBS. 76

  • Page 856 and 857:

    STOICHEIA betwecn the elements of t

  • Page 858 and 859:

    STONE for the ancestors called ilib

  • Page 860 and 861:

    SUKKOTH-BENOTH Taken in excess, how

  • Page 862 and 863:

    SYCOMORE tree in Palestine. The iiO

  • Page 864 and 865:

    TABOO nity to the deity signifies t

  • Page 866 and 867:

    TABOR however, seems to be neutral

  • Page 868 and 869:

    TAMMUZ deities. According to him, n

  • Page 870 and 871:

    TAMMUZ confused with DUIDuzi, but w

  • Page 872 and 873:

    TAMMUZ gendarmes after lnanna had g

  • Page 874 and 875:

    TANNIN II. In nddition to the occur

  • Page 876 and 877:

    TEHOM - TEN SEPHlROT II. Two identi

  • Page 878 and 879:

    TEN SEPHIROT wisdom to the principa

  • Page 880 and 881:

    TEN SEPHIROT Tannaitic Rabbi Shimon

  • Page 882 and 883:

    TERAH are problems that remain unre

  • Page 884 and 885:

    TERAPHIM again see ALBRIGHT, From t

  • Page 886 and 887:

    TERAPHIM pcarance (although beged m

  • Page 888 and 889:

    TERAPHIM divinatory function of the

  • Page 890 and 891:

    TERROR OF THE NIGHT BRL2 34-36). Th

  • Page 892 and 893:

    TERROR OF THE NIGHT -+Destroyer in

  • Page 894 and 895:

    THANATOS his whom he once catches.

  • Page 896 and 897:

    THEOS - THESSALOS rather a case of

  • Page 898 and 899:

    THORNBUSH DEL OLMO LEU compared Thi

  • Page 900 and 901:

    THOTH theophorio names like dltyhw,

  • Page 902 and 903:

    THOTH guarantees- the accuracy of w

  • Page 904 and 905:

    THRONES the Son of Man coming in gl

  • Page 906 and 907:

    TIAMAT the dawn-goddess Usha, the g

  • Page 908 and 909:

    TJAMAT be read as dUUR.SAG-ME~ U A.

  • Page 910 and 911:

    TIRASH with water when the god Enki

  • Page 912 and 913:

    TITANS lenic provenance. According

  • Page 914 and 915:

    TORAH Misor and Sydyk mentioned in

  • Page 916 and 917:

    TREES -lYCHE The only 'crossing' th

  • Page 918 and 919:

    TYPHON TYPHON T~v I. The adjective

  • Page 920 and 921:

    TYPHON SET 1906; VOGTLE 1971; BERGM

  • Page 922 and 923:

    UNKNOWN GOD Athenians sacrifice to

  • Page 924 and 925:

    URIEL show that a dedication in the

  • Page 926 and 927:

    v VAMPIRE iiP'i'~ I. The noun ?Jlfi

  • Page 928 and 929:

    VASHTI ancient Near East. This inte

  • Page 930 and 931:

    VOHU MANAH In Egypt the epithets cd

  • Page 932 and 933:

    w \VATCHER j'll I. Daniel chap. 4 (

  • Page 934 and 935:

    WAY V. Bibliography M. BARKER, The

  • Page 936 and 937:

    WILD BEASTS Sheffield 1991) 121-149

  • Page 938 and 939:

    WIND GODS 22:11; Ps 18:11; 104:3).

  • Page 940 and 941:

    WISDOM earth, ocean, and war, for t

  • Page 942 and 943:

    WISDOM 8:2-3). It has been suggeste

  • Page 944 and 945:

    WITNESS Christ. Traces of a Sophia-

  • Page 946 and 947:

    W1ZARD WINCKEL, Hiob's go'el und Ze

  • Page 948 and 949:

    WRATH epistle, the Ephesians are ca

  • Page 950 and 951:

    YAHWEH names, -ya is often a hypoco

  • Page 952 and 953:

    YAHWEH duced Israel to the worship

  • Page 954 and 955:

    YAHWEH Israel listing a number of r

  • Page 956 and 957:

    YAHWEH not a name but an epithet. A

  • Page 958 and 959:

    YAHWEH Samaria' and a 'Yahweh of Te

  • Page 960 and 961:

    YAHWEH ZEBAOTH when there was no re

  • Page 962 and 963:

    YAHWEH ZEBAOTH Zebaoth has purposed

  • Page 964 and 965:

    YAM - YEHUD YAl\'1 -+ SEA YArOQ I.

  • Page 966 and 967:

    z ZAMZUMMIM c'r-ror I. Deut 2:20 pr

  • Page 968 and 969:

    ZEDEQ ~Typhon, who is now a dragon

  • Page 970 and 971:

    ZEDEQ a name like )l.$dq which may

  • Page 972 and 973:

    ZEDEQ the concept is the same: "He

  • Page 974 and 975:

    ZEUS -+Typhon at the beginning of h

  • Page 976 and 977:

    ZEUS children; the community passes

  • Page 978 and 979:

    ZEUS ized diaspora Jews identified

  • Page 980:

    ZION - ZUR even when the Temple lay

  • Page 983 and 984:

    INDEX Anat 19,25,34,36-43,99-101, 1

  • Page 985 and 986:

    INDEX Bastet 93, 164-165 Bata 476 B

  • Page 987 and 988:

    INDEX Ehad 274 Eileithyia 87 Eirene

  • Page 989 and 990:

    INDEX Hanan 748 Harranatum 385 Hars

  • Page 991 and 992:

    INDEX Kitlu 577, 874, 829, 930, 931

  • Page 993 and 994:

    INDEX Mylilla 606 Myrrha 7 Nablum 3

  • Page 995 and 996:

    ]NDEX Qudshu 40, 43, 100, 139, 525,

  • Page 997 and 998:

    INDEX Soteria 367 Sothis 457 Soucho

  • Page 999:

    1NDEX Zamzummim 697,698,927 Zaphon

Dictionary-of-Deities-and-Demons-in-the-Bible
Free PDF Dictionary of Ancient Deities Any Format
Encylopedia of Angels and Demons
THE ORLD tl BIBLICAL HERITAGE - Jewish Bible Quarterly
The Deity of Christ - Bible Banner Home Page
Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ
Demonic Fear - Pacific Rim Bible Ministries
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary - Friendsofsabbath.org
1 IS JESUS CHRIST GOD? The deity of Jesus ... - Vital Christianity
Demons: Satan's Cohorts - Bible Witness Media Ministry
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Table of Contents
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Chuck Norris
How Many "Gods" are There in The Bible? - A Gentle Cynic
ESSENTIAL BIBLE DICTIONARY - Saint Mary's Press
Strong's Hebrew Dictionary - Christ Bible Church
Bible Dictionaries and Handbooks - Shadow Mountain Community ...
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Friends of the Sabbath Australia
ZONDERVAN Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary Copyright ...
Ba Bible Dictionary Various Biblical Meanings - Bible House of Grace
smith's bible dictionary 1884 - Salt Lake Bible College
The Origins of Biblical Monotheism - Review of Biblical Literature
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Bennie Blount Ministries