Southern Destinations

bookletia

Southern Destinations

Gihan Tubbeh

Machu Picchu

peru.travel


As you head south, you start to see more of Peru’s many different facets; in terms

of our ancient cultural legacy, the most striking examples are the grand ruins

and road system left by the Incan Empire and the mysterious Nasca Lines. As

for natural settings, our protected areas and coastal, mountain, and jungle

landscapes offer plenty of chances to reconnect with nature, even while engaging

in adventure sports in deserts (dunes), beaches, and rivers. And contemporary life

is found in our main cities with their range of excellent hospitality services offered

in the forms of five star hotels and restaurants, while age old small towns provide

a fabric of rich traditions. Whatever you are interested in, you are guaranteed to

experience something unique with all your senses.

Gihan Tubbeh Renzo Giraldo Talía Barreda

Talía Barreda

Renzo Giraldo

Gihan Tubbeh

Sandboarding in the Ica Desert.

Artisan from the Uros Island, Lake Titicaca.

Restaurant and Guest House, Cusco

Adventure



Dios).


on Cerro Blanco, largest dune in Peru (Nasca).


(Ica).


(Ica).


navigable lake, and mountain biking in its

surrounding area (Puno).

Wondrous




Puno markets and shops.


the Sacred Valley of the Incas (Cusco) and in

Paracas (Ica).

Contemporary


view of Lake Huacachina (Ica).


and discos in the city of Cusco.


Ancient Traditions

There are plenty of southern villages that still

keep their ancestors’ life styles and traditions

alive. For example, in the area around Lake

Titicaca, Puno, the Pukara thrived from 1800

B.C. to 400 A.D., and their decline opened up

the development of important cultures like

the Tiahuanaco and Uro. From 1100 A.D. to the

arrival of the Spanish, the Aymara controlled

this region, and even today their descendants

live in that area.

On different islands in Lake Titicaca (Uros,

Taquile, and Amantani), you can see that the

customs of the islanders is hundreds of years

behind the times, expressed in their dress,

festivals, dances, magic-religious beliefs, and

also in the way they farm.

Throughout the Sacred Valley in Cusco, you

can experience the ancient traditions of the

Incas in towns like Pisac, Yucay, Urubamba,

Ollantaytambo, and Chincheros.

Along with the countless number of

Incan archeological ruins, the villagers

come together en masse at different open

air markets to sell and to barter their

farm produce, hand-made clothing, and

handicrafts.

Pilar Olivares

Uros Island

Lake Titicaca and its surroundings

Legend

Juliaca

Department capital

City

Suasi Island

Puno

Uros Island

Amantani Island

Taquile Island

Lake

Titicaca

Ilave

BOLIVIA

PERU

Lima

Pacific

Ocean

Yunguyo

PERU

Anapia Island

Desaguadero

Huaqui


Ancient History

Heading south, you are going to find vestiges of

some of Peru’s most important Pre-Colombian

civilizations.

Ica is where you find the Nasca Lines, geoglyphs

of geometric figures and shapes of animals and

plants on the desert floor that were made 1500

years ago by the Nasca people. The best way to

see them is from the air onboard small, single

engine planes.

Cusco was the capital of the powerful Incan

Empire (Tahuantinsuyo) that they unified by

way of an efficient, 40,000 km road system

called the Capac Ñan (Main Andean Road

or Inca Trail). Upon these pathways ran the

Chasquis, swift messengers of the emperor who

brought him news and fresh food from all over

his empire.

Machu Picchu

You can even trek some of those same trails

today: 4 day guided tours to exotic locations like

Machu Picchu and Choquequirao. The routes

lead you through different geographies with

their corresponding scenic changes, for example

the highlands of the Andes, the so-called

Eyebrow of the Jungle, and the tropical zone.

Alejandro Balaguer

Inca Trail

Lima

Pacific

Ocean

PERU

Santa Teresa

MachuPicchu

San Miguel

Intipata

Intipata

Wiñay Wayna

Phuyupatamarca

WaynaPicchu

Sayamarca

Aguas Calientes

Inti Punko

Chachabamba

Pacaymayo

Runkurakay

Llulluchampa

Torontoy Sallapunko

Qoriwayrachina

Laqtapata

Huayllabamba

Legend

City

Archeological Zone

Railroad

Inca Trail

Maizal

Yanama

Totora

Collpapampa

Huaracmachay

Pampacahuana

Choquequirao

Marampata

Soray

Cocamasana

Capuliyoc

Sta. Rosa

Chiquisca

Aobamba River

Limatambo

Tarawasi

Cachora

Apurimac River

Mollepata

Occoruro

Curahuasi

Saywite


Abundant Nature

Peru possesses eighty-four of the existing 104 life zones

Also, it is the first habitat in the world for butterfly, fish and orchid species, second in bird species, and

third in mammal and amphibian species.

On the southern coast of Ica is the Paracas

National Reserve, a refuge for sea lions and

hundreds of bird species. Eastward lies the

Peruvian Amazon, where 70% of all species on

the planet can be found.

Large national parks and reserves are found in

Madre de Dios, Cusco, and Puno:

Tambopata National Reserve:

Spanning two Peruvian departments, Madre

de Dios and Puno, and lying between the

Tambopata and Heath rivers, its claim to

fame is the incredible number of recorded

animal species living in its bounds: 632 bird,

1,200 butterfly, 169 mammal, 205 fish, 103

amphibian, and 67 reptile species.

Manu National Park:

Located in the Manu River basin, it spans two

Peruvian departments: Cusco and Madre de

Dios. UNESCO deemed Manu so important

that it placed it on the World Heritage List in

1987.

The park holds world records for the number

of bird species (more than 1025, like the harpy

eagle and the Peruvian cock of the rock),

mammal species (close to 221), and 2000

plant varieties, including giant orchids and

trees over 45 meters (148 feet) tall.

Manu National Park

Colorado macaw clay lick. This is the largest

of its kind on Earth, where a huge number of

macaws, parrots, and parakeets gather to eat

the minerals from this large clay wall.

Enrique Castro-Mendívil

Sea lions in Paracas National Reserve

Eduardo Cayo

Lodge in Tambopata National Reserve

Enrique Castro-Mendívil


PERU

Southern Destinations

Tourist Map

Lima

Pacific

Ocean

Southern

destinations

For a complete adventure, you should hike the trails made by the Inca

temples and towns. Another unforgettable experience is flying over t

should: from on high. Other natural destinations in southern Peru are th

the mountains and jungle, lakes like Titicaca, and the canyons like the C

experiences that will stay in your memory forever.

1

Manu National Park

(Cusco and Madre de Dios)

Ashaninka

Community

Reserve

Machiguen

Community

Otishi

National

Park

Eduardo Cayo

2

3

Vilcashuamán (Ayacucho)

Choquequirao (Cusco)

Carlos Sala

Pisco

Paracas

Pisco River

AYACUCHO

Huancavelica

3508 msnm

HUANCAVELICA

Pikimachay

Wari

Ayacucho

2.746 msnm

2

Vilcashuamán

Pampas Rive r

Apurimac River

Cho

A

National Sanc

Andahua

APURÍMAC

4

Colca Valley (Arequipa)

Gihan Tubbeh

Alex Bryce

Pacific Ocean

Paracas

National

Reserve

Lake

Huacachina

Ica

406 msnm

ICA

Ocucaje

Nasca

Lines

Palpa

Nasca

Cahuachi

Chauchilla

Nasca River

San Juan de Marcona

Lucanas

Puquio

Pampas Galeras

National Reserve

Lake

Parinacochas

Cha

5

Tambopata (Madre de Dios)

0 km 25 50 km

Gihan Tubbeh

Trekking route

Birding route

What can I find?

Getting there

Access route

information

Legend

Culture

Nature

Adventure

Tourist information

and assistance

UNESCO

World Heritage Site

Travel by plane

Travel by river

Travel by bus

Travel by train

Airport /

airfield

Port

National Reserve /

National Park

Trekking

Bird watching

Rafting

Department capital

City

Protected natural area

Department border

Pan American Highway

Inter Oceanic Highway

Paved road

Unpaved road

CONNECTIONS

Lima

33h-

40h 21 h 25 h 30h 11 h 31h

23h 5h 7h 25h 6h Puno

21h

30min

10h 14 h 19h Cusco

8h 23h 22h 4 h

30 min 30 min

Ayacucho

22h 6h Tacna

14 h Arequipa

7 h

By bus

Arequipa

Nasca

Tacna

Ayacucho

Cusco

Puno

Puerto

Maldonado

Lima

2 h

45 min

1 h

40min

1 h

15min

1 h

1 h

50 min

1 h

30 min

By plane

Arequipa

30 min

35 min

30 min

Tacna

Ta

Arequipa


s over 500 years ago and visit their

he Nasca Lines to see them as they

e lovely settings on the coast and in

olca Canyon; these are one of a kind

Ancient kingdoms of Peru

Chavín

Caral

Moche

400 200 100 0 100 200

a.C d.C

400

Chachapoya

Lambayeque

Tiahuanaco and Wari

600 800 1000

Chimú

1200

Inca

1400

ga

Reserve

1

Manu

National

Park

MADRE DE DIOS

Urubamba River

Pilar Olivares

Puerto

Maldonado

139 msnm

CUSCO

Atalaya

Pilcopata

Pillahuata

quequirao

Ollantaytambo

3 Santuario Histórico

Moray

Machu Picchu

Calca Paucartambo

Chinchero

Urubamba

Pisac

mpay

Cachora

tuary

Qenqo

ylas

Abancay

Cusco

Tipón

Urcos

2920 msnm 3350 msnm

Amarakaeri

Community

Reserve

Collpa de

guacamayos

5

Bahuaja-Sonene

National Park

Tambopata

National Reserve

llhuanca

Scenic Reserve

Cotahuasi

Sub-basin

Santo Tomás

AREQUIPA

Combapata

Yanacona

Raqchi

Lake

Languilayo

Sicuani

PUNO

Ayavirí

Pucará

Azángaro

Titicaca

National

Reserve

Colca Valley

Chivay

Cabanaconde

Colca River

4

Lake Salinas

Sillustani

Juliaca

Puno

3918 msnm

Salinas and Aguada Blanca

National Reserve

Capachica

Suasi Island

Amantani Island

Uros Llachón

Island Taquile Island

Lake Titicaca

Ilave

Juli

Arequipa

2335 msnm

Chiguata

Omate

MOQUEGUA

Mollendo

Río Tamb

M

1410

msnm

Moquegua

Aymara-Lupaca

Reserved Zone

Ayacucho

Cusco

Puno

55 min

55 min Puno

Cusco

Ayacucho

Puerto

Maldonado

Ilo

TACNA

cna

Tacna

570 msnm


Feast of the Virgin of Candlemas

Renzo Giraldo

Calendar

of festivals and events

JAN

FEB

MAR

Feast of San Antonio de Abad

Chincheros, Apurímac

Jan. 16

Festival of the Virgin of Candlemas

Puno

First fortnight in February

Grape Fest

Ica

March 8 - 15

Holy Week in Ayacucho and Cusco

(March or April)

JULY

AUG

SEPT

Virgin of Carmel of Paucartambo

Cusco

July 15 - 16

Yawar Fiesta

Cotabambas, Apurímac

July 26 – 30

Apurimac Tourist Week

Date subject to change.

Virgin of Cocharcas

Andahuaylas, Apurímac

Sept. 6 – 10

MAY

JUNE

Virgin of Chapi Festival

Arequipa

May 1

Feast of the Crosses

Huancavelica

May 2 - 3

Inti Raymi (Festival of the Sun)

Cusco

June 24

OCT

NOV

DEC

Feast of the Christ of Luren

Ica, 1st Thursday to 3rd Monday of

October

Ayacucho Music Day

Huamanga, Ayacucho

Nov. 6

Santuranticuy Fair (Pop Art Fest)

Cusco

Dec. 24


Choquequirao archeological complex

Gihan Tubbeh

AREQUIPA

Main Square

110 Portal de la Municipalidad

Phone/fax: (054) 22-3265

iperuarequipa@promperu.gob.pe

AYACUCHO

Main Square

45 Portal Municipal

(Huamanga Province Municipal Building)

Phone/fax: (066) 31-8305

iperuayacucho@promperu.gob.pe

PUNO

Main Square

Corner of Jr. Deustua and Jr. Lima

Phone/fax: (051) 36-5088

iperupuno@promperu.gob.pe

TACNA

Main Square

491 Av. San Martín (Former Municipal

Building)

Phone: (052) 42-5514

iperutacna@promperu.gob.pe

CUSCO

Main Square

177 Portal de Harinas

BCP Traveler Point

Phone: (084) 25-2974

iperucusco@promperu.gob.pe

Machu Picchu

Av. Pachacutec s/n of. 4

Phone: (084) 21-1104

iperumachupicchu@promperu.gob.pe

Ica

406 m

(1 332 ft)

Arequipa

2 335 m

(7 661 ft)

Ayacucho

2 761 m

(9 058 ft)

Cusco

3 399 m

(11 152 ft)

Machu Picchu

2 400 m

(7 874 ft)

Puno

3 827 m

(12 556 ft)

Puerto

Maldonado

183 m

(600 ft)


Sikuris musicians and dancers on Taquile Island

Gihan Tubbeh

peru.travel

A publication by the Peru Export and

Tourism Promotion Board - PromPerú

www.promperu.gob.pe

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