Gayle and Edward Roski made a transformative $25 million gift

in 2016 to endow and name the USC Roski Eye Institute, further

advancing the institute’s position as one of the nation’s leading

centers for advanced vision care, research and education.

Our gratitude to the Roski family is profound. With this gift, we will continue to

make progress toward our most ambitious goal — eliminating blindness.”

Rohit Varma, MD, MPH, Director, USC Roski Eye Institute

INSIGHT is the driving force behind

everything we do at the USC Roski

Eye Institute.

Insight begins with envisioning a future without blindness.

Insight grows by learning from each courageous patient.

Insight deepens through continual discovery and invention.

Insight triumphs when we come together to preserve vision.

Insight renews as each new generation seeks and serves.

INSIGHT 2016 provides a glimpse into the accomplishments of our 41st year.

We are deeply indebted to the patients, families, philanthropists, physicians,

scientists, researchers, caregivers, residents, technicians, entrepreneurs,

administrators, managers, and countless others who join us in our mission to

eliminate blindness. All of you make the USC Roski Eye Institute everything it is,

and everything it will be.

With gratitude,

Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

Dean, Keck School of Medicine of USC

May S. and John Hooval Dean’s Chair in Medicine

Grace and Emery Beardsley Chair in Ophthalmology

Director, USC Roski Eye Institute

(Opposite page, from left) Rohit Varma, Edward P. Roski Jr., Gayle Garner Roski, Robert Day,

Niki Nikias, USC President C.L. Max Nikias, and Mark Humayun give the USC “Fight On” sign.




Fulfillment of our mission is best expressed in the remarkable triumphs of our patients. Please read their stories in the pages ahead.


The USC Roski Eye Institute diagnoses,

treats and manages the most complex

eye conditions, from in utero to

advanced age.


The USC Roski Eye Institute leads major

research in the epidemiology of eye

disease to help prevent blindness.


The USC Roski Eye Institute integrates

and applies emerging technologies to

develop new methods to restore sight

to the blind.




Patient Care 6

Research 18

Preserving Sight 32

Clinical Education 37

Publications 50




World’s 100 Most Influential

People in Ophthalmology

Awarded by The Ophthalmologist

From left, Carmen Puliafito, MD, MBA, Mark S. Humayun,

MD, PhD, and Farhad Hafezi, MD, PhD.

Nation’s Best Hospitals

for Ophthalmology


Nationally Top Ranked Ophthalmology Program




Rohit Varma, MD, MPH, director, USC Roski Eye Institute,

was presented with the award at the 2016 American

Academy of Ophthalmology conference in Chicago.



by the National Eye Institute



Four USC Roski Eye Institute faculty

named among the best


National Medal of


and Innovation

The nation’s highest honor for

technology achievement



13 USC Roski Eye Institute faculty

named among the best

President Barack Obama and National Medal recipient Mark S.

Humayun, MD, PhD, co-director of the USC Roski Eye Institute

and director of the USC Institute for Biomedical Therapeutics.


U.S. Ophthalmology

Residency Program 2016

by Doximity


(Left to right) Advanced Glaucoma Surgery Editors: Ahmad A. Aref and Rohit Varma; Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology: The Essentials

Authors: Neil R. Miller, Prem S. Subramanian and Vivek Patel; Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking (translated into Chinese) Authors: Farhad

Hafezi and J. Bradley Randleman; Corneal Cross-Linking Editors: Farhad Hafezi and J. Bradley Randleman; Intraocular Inflammation

Editors: Manfred Zierhut, Carlos Pavesio, Shigeaki Ohno, Fernando Orefice, Narsing A. Rao; Intraocular Lens Surgery Editor: J. Bradley

Randleman; Optical Coherence Tomography and OCT Angiography Authors: Darrin A. Landry and Amir H. Kashani.





The USC Roski Eye Institute is dedicated

to managing or curing eye conditions by

applying the most advanced knowledge,

skills, technologies and methods.





The USC Roski Eye Institute treats the full spectrum of eye

conditions — from the most common to the most complex.




Blepharitis, Bullous Keratopathy,

Chalazia/Styes, Conjunctivitis, Corneal

Dystrophies, Fuchs Endothelial

Dystrophy, Corneal Infection, Corneal

Scarring, Dry Eye Syndrome, Herpes

Keratitis, Keratoconus, Pterygium,

Ocular Rosacea


Angle Closure Glaucoma, Open-Angle

Glaucoma, Congenital and Childhood

Glaucoma, Pseudoexfoliation

Glaucoma, Glaucoma Secondary to

Eye Trauma, Neovascular Glaucoma,

Normal Tension Glaucoma,

Pigment Dispersion Glaucoma,

Uveitic Glaucoma


Anisometropia, Astigmatism,

Hyperopia, Keratoconus,

Myopia, Presbyopia



Blepharospasm, Double Vision,

Hemifacial Spasm, Idiopathic

Intracranial Hypertension, Optic

Neuropathy, Papilledema, Stroke,

Temporal Arteritis, Thyroid Eye

Disease, Visual Field Defects


Anterior Segment and Iris Tumors,

Basal Cell Carcinoma, Conjunctival

Tumors, Conjunctival Melanoma,

Lid Tumors, Lymphoma, Melanoma,

Metastatic Lesions, Ocular Surface

Squamous Neoplasia, Optic Nerve

Lesions, Orbital Lesions, Sebaceous

Cell Carcinoma of the Lid, Squamous

Cell Carcinoma, Vascular Lesions,

Uveal Lesions










Chorioretinitis, Herpetic Uveitis,

HLA-B27 Iridocyclitis, Ocular

Tuberculosis, Toxoplasmosis, Vogt-

Koyanagi-Harada Disease



Age-related Macular Degeneration

(Wet and Dry), Central Serous

Chorioretinopathy, Diabetic Macular

Edema, Diabetic Retinopathy, Macular

Hole, Macular Pucker, Posterior

Vitreous Detachment, Retinal

Detachment, Retinal Tears, Retinal

Vein Occlusion, Retinitis Pigmentosa


















Jessica Marquez

Congenital Glaucoma

Corneal Edema/



Previous treatment for glaucoma.

Failed corneal transplant left

significant scar tissue in right eye.


Full thickness corneal transplant

and glaucoma valve revision.


Cornea is clear in right eye. Vision

improved dramatically.

Growing up with severe vision problems, Jessica never thought of herself as different.

Legally blind for most of her life, Jessica Marquez began the battle to

save her vision as a young child. An extreme sensitivity to light and poor

eyesight led to a diagnosis of glaucoma and cloudy corneas in both eyes.

Over the years, treatment for Jessica’s condition included surgeries and

setbacks that took a further toll on her vision.

Jessica eventually came to the USC Roski Eye Institute in hopes that

her vision could be saved. A team of corneal, retinal and glaucoma

specialists examined Jessica and developed a comprehensive plan to

maximize the efficiency of treatment while reducing further trauma to

her eyes. Her eye pressure is now under control and her eyesight has

been preserved.

Despite having very little vision and enduring more than 40 eye

surgeries, Jessica has achieved remarkable success. With her parent’s

loving support, she kept her eyes on the future. She excelled in school,

eventually earning a master’s degree and becoming a professor who

teaches public speaking at Orange Coast College. “Education is power,”

Jessica says. “Don’t let anything stand in your way.”

Top image shows a normal optic

nerve head. Bottom image shows

damage to the optic nerve head from

glaucomatous cupping.

Alena Reznik, MD, Amir Kashani, MD, PhD, and Jonathan Song, MD, are

working together to preserve Jessica’s vision.


I found great hope in the atmosphere here because

I always feel like I am part of the family.

Jessica Marquez”




Ron Bache, BS

Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

Approved this year by the FDA,

the new XEN ® Glaucoma Treatment

System redefines surgical intervention

for glaucoma through the innovative

application of a permanent, flexible

implant that drains eye fluid to reduce

intraocular pressure.

Developed by USC alumnus and entrepreneur Ron Bache, ’91 with scientific

support from Rohit Varma, MD, MPH, the XEN gel stent was proven in large

clinical trials to be effective with minimal side effects. Surgical implantation

with a specially developed injector applicator simplifies and standardizes the

procedure for optimal results that are easily replicated.

This revolutionary intervention has great potential to preserve vision for the

nearly 80 billion people worldwide who are estimated to have or who will

develop glaucoma by 2020.

The XEN ® Glaucoma Treatment System reduces intraocular eye pressure with a tiny flexible stent that is implanted using an injector applicator.



J. Bradley Randleman, MD, performs the CXL procedure that uses a combination of ultraviolet-A light irradiation and application of riboflavin (vitamin B2) eye

drops to stabilize the cornea.



Approved this year by the FDA, corneal cross-linking (CXL) is an innovative

procedure that provides effective treatment for keratoconus, an eye disease that

destroys vision by distorting the cornea into a cone shape.

J. Bradley Randleman, MD

In the clinic, J. Bradley Randleman, MD, was a principal investigator for two FDAsponsored

U.S. clinical trials demonstrating that CXL can stabilize the cornea and

halt the progression of the disease. In the field, Farhad Hafezi, MD, PhD, is leading

a clinical study on the incidence of keratoconus in Saudi Arabia, where the

disease is believed to be more prevalent.

Together, these USC Roski USC Eye Institute researchers are working to overcome

a disease that is the leading cause of severe visual impairment among children

and adults worldwide.

Farhad Hafezi, MD, PhD


Adam Lyons



Good vision in left eye with contact

lens after corneal transplant 10 years

ago. Poor vision in right eye from

keratoconus. Contact lens intolerant.


Underwent corneal crosslinking

(CXL), a new treatment

for keratoconus that stops the

progression of the disease and

can partially reverse some of the

corneal changes.


In the healing phase and doing well.

Adam enjoys travel and outdoor activities with his family.

With his cornea changing shape from keratoconus, Adam’s vision in his

right eye worsened and he was no longer able to wear a contact lens.

Jonathan Song, MD, examined Adam and recommended an innovative

procedure called corneal cross-linking (CXL). The USC Roski Eye Institute

is the first site in the Los Angeles region to have the approved device and

offer CXL treatment.

CXL, recently approved by the FDA for use in the United States, is

the first and only treatment that can actually halt the progression of

keratoconus, and in some cases can partially reverse it. J. Bradley

Randleman, MD, performed the procedure on Adam, which consists of

dispersing riboflavin eye drops for 30 minutes followed by another 30

minutes of exposure to ultraviolet light.

The procedure was effective in helping to reshape the cornea. Adam’s

eye is healing well and his vision is improving.

Image of the cornea during CXL

treatment. The green glow of the

cornea results from the yellow riboflavin

drops fluorescing under the blue

ultraviolet light.

J. Bradley Randleman, MD, left,

performed the CXL procedure on

Adam’s right eye, and Jonathan

Song, MD, previously performed a

corneal transplant on his left eye.


I’ve been in good hands throughout my exams, the corneal

transplant and the new corneal cross-linking treament.

Adam Lyons”




Gloria Chiu, OD, FAAO, FSLS

“The result is

better vision

and better


Imagine if eyeglasses could provide an edge in improving overall health. An

innovative product that seamlessly integrates fitness-tracking technology into an

optical frame is being distributed through the USC Roski Eye Institute as part of a

pilot study.

The fashion-forward eyeglasses measure a wearer’s steps, calories burned,

distance traveled and activity, and connect wirelessly to track progress through

an accompanying smartphone application.

Gloria Chiu, OD, FAAO, FSLS, who leads the study’s eye care team, believes the

eyeglasses will provide more reliable and consistent tracking than wristbands

that are subject to vigorous hand movement or not being worn. The result is

better vision and better fitness.

The eyeglasses, developed by VSP Global in partnership with the USC Center for Body Computing, are shown here with a clear temple that reveals the hidden

accelerometer, magnetometer and gyroscope that provide biometric measurement.



The new Retinal Degeneration Center surrounds patients with advanced clinical care and breakthrough research.



Children and adults who inherit retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and similar conditions

now have greater resources to help preserve their sight. The new Retinal Degeneration

Center at the USC Roski Eye Institute combines clinical care and research to deliver a

full spectrum of specialized care for these rare and potentially blinding diseases.

Hossein Ameri, MD, PhD

Through comprehensive ophthalmic electrophysiology testing, specialists diagnose

RP, cone dystrophy, Usher syndrome, Stargardt disease, Best disease, choroideremia

and achromatopsia, and then develop effective personalized treatment plans.

The center also conducts clinical and basic science research into gene therapy,

stem cell–based therapies and retinal prosthesis, including the Argus II retinal

prosthesis for advanced stages of RP. The result is better care today and more

possibilities for tomorrow.

Mark Borchert, MD




Narsing A. Rao, MD

“The pathology


is growing

to meet



The USC Roski Eye Institute Ophthalmic Molecular and Immuno-Pathology

laboratory, one of the few in the country, continues to expand. It excels in the

study of delicate, often minute tissue samples, and provides an important resource

for clinicians, educators and researchers.

An eye pathology fellowship was inaugurated in 2016 with the appointment of fellow

Lei-Chi Wang, MD, an investigator from Taiwan, and a new eye pathology rotation

delivers more robust diagnostic training.

The laboratory also added a medical examiner to support forensic investigations. In

child abuse cases, for example, analysis of retinal bleeding can determine whether

abuse is recent or recurring.

In its scope and size, the pathology laboratory is growing to meet increasing needs.

Laboratory Director Narsing A. Rao, MD, promotes its local and global reach in clinical care,

education and research.

Images of an injured eye examined for a forensic






The USC Roski Eye Institute is using virtual reality, artificial intelligence

and wearable sensors to provide on-demand, 24/7, global access to expert

eye care and information. This is made possible by becoming the first clinical

partner in the Virtual Care Clinic program being developed by the USC Center

for Body Computing.

Using a smartphone or tablet, patients can interact with “virtual doctor” avatars

of USC Roski Eye Institute specialists, watch videos explaining diagnosis and use

wearable sensors to track response to medication or treatments. On-demand

eye care will not only increase convenience for patients, but will also provide

access to the highest levels of ophthalmology expertise and care where it is

currently unavailable.

Top: Rohit Varma, MD, MPH, in the

Virtual Care Clinic photo scanning

booth. Bottom: “Virtual doctor”

avatars of Varma and Leslie Saxon,

MD, executive director of the USC

Center for Body Computing

Advanced technologies will connect USC Roski Eye Institute specialists with patients at any location.




The USC Roski Eye Institute improves

lives through scientific discovery and

technical innovation that results in

new treatments that overcome visual

impairment and blindness.



President Barack Obama presented the National Medal of Technology and Innovation to Mark Humayun, MD, PhD, at the White House on May 19, 2016.



As a child, Mark S. Humayun decided to dedicate his life to studying ophthalmology

after helplessly watching his grandmother go blind. Decades later, he received

the nation’s highest technology award for leadership in bridging medicine and

engineering to help restore eyesight.

Humayun is best known for his role in developing Argus II, the only FDA-approved

retinal prosthesis system that enables people with certain blinding diseases to

regain some useful vision. Beyond pursuing further refinement of the artificial

retina, Humayun is leading a multi-university consortium to develop a stem cell

implant for age-related macular degeneration.

The knowledge produced

“by these Americans today

will carry our country’s

legacy of innovation

forward and continue

to help countless others

around the world.

President Barack Obama on the

recipients of the National Medal

of Technology and Innovation


Active Research Funding

as of December 2016


Imaging Cerebral and Retinal Microvasculature in Cerebral Small Vessel Disease NIH Amir Kashani, MD, PhD

Functional Imaging in Hypoxic-Ischemic Retinal Disease NIH Amir Kashani, MD, PhD

Study of Subretinal Implantation of Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived RPE Cells in

Advanced Dry AMD


Amir Kashani, MD, PhD

OCT Angiography Research Consortium (OARC)

Carl Zeiss Meditec,


Amir Kashani, MD, PhD

Hyperspectral OCT System for Metabolic Retinal Imaging USC Amir Kashani, MD, PhD

Optimizing Stimulation Strategies for Cortical Visual Prostheses U.S. Army Andrew Weitz, PhD

Restoring Vision By Sheet Transplants of Retinal Progenitors and Retinal Pigment Epithelium

(RPE) Derived from Human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESCs)


Biju Thomas, PhD

Studies on Functionality of iPS-RPE Transplanted in Immunodeficient RCS Rats



Biju Thomas, PhD

Parylene for Subconjunctival Patch Grafts and for Continuous Intraocular Pressure Sensors Whittier Foundation Damien Rodger, MD, PhD

An Experimental Approach to Maculopathy NIH David Hinton, MD

Research to Prevent Blindness Career Development Award RPB J. Martin Heur, MD, PhD

Mentoring for the Advancement of Physician-Scientists Award AGS Grace Richter, MD, MPH

Novel Ultra-Flexible Hybrid Circuits for Intracular Retinal Prostheses NIH James Weiland, PhD

Experimental and Clinical Investigations of Retinal Stimulation NIH James Weiland, PhD

INSPIRE: Bioelectronic Systems for Investigating Neural Plasticity NSF James Weiland, PhD

EFRI-BioFlex: Hybrid Polymer-Paper Based Multi-Sensor Implants for Continuous Remote



James Weiland, PhD

Human Connectomes in Low Vision, Blindness and Sight Restoration NIH James Weiland, PhD

Retinal Prosthesis Neural Imaging: Measuring the Impact of Crossmodal Plasticity on Visual

Restoration (Arnold O. Beckman Postdoctoral Fellow: Noelle Stiles)

Beckman Foundation James Weiland, PhD

Enhanced Biocompatible Materials for the Repair of Ocular Injuries U.S. Army John Whalen, PhD

Retinal Nanophotoswitch NSF Mark Humayun, MD, PhD

Phase 1 Safety Assessment of CPCB-RPE1, hESC-derived RPE Cell Coated Parylene

Membrane Implants, in Patients with Advanced Dry Age Related Macular Degeneration


Mark Humayun, MD, PhD

Thermoresponsive Reversible Adhesive for Temporary Intervention of Ocular Trauma - II U.S. Army Mark Humayun, MD, PhD

Dual-frequency Intravascular Arrays for Functional Imaging of Atherosclerosis NIH Qifa Zhou, PhD

Characterizing Atherosclerosis by Integrated Multimodality Imaging System NIH Qifa Zhou, PhD

Elastographic Imaging of the Retina/Choroid in Age-Related Macular Degeneration NIH Qifa Zhou, PhD

High Resolution Elastography of Retina Under Prosthetic Electrical Stimulation NIH Qifa Zhou, PhD

Phase Resolved ARF Optical Coherence Elastography for Intravascular Imaging NIH Qifa Zhou, PhD

Mexican American Glaucoma Genetic Study NIH Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

African American Eye Disease Study NIH Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

Primary Open Angle African-American Glaucoma Genetics NIH Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB) Unrestricted RPB Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

Novel Stem Cell Therapy for Dry Eye Syndrome with Enhanced Viability and Long-Term Efficacy


Sarah Hamm-Alvarez,


Tear fluid and serum levels of Cathepsin S and its endogenous inhibitor Cystatin C as

biomarkers for Sjögren's Syndrome

Microtubule-Based Transport in Lacrimal Gland Function

The Pediatric Eye Disease Consortium: a Pooled Analysis of Individual-Participant Data

from Population-based Studies

Helicobacter Pylori Infection and Primary Open-angle Glaucoma among Mexican

Americans: an Example of Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis?

Long-term Outcomes and Genetic Basis of Early-onset Refractive Errors in Preschool


Sjögren's Syndrome






Sarah Hamm-Alvarez,


Sarah Hamm-Alvarez,


Xuejuan Jiang, PhD

Xuejuan Jiang, PhD

Xuejuan Jiang, PhD


AGS (American Glaucoma Society) • CIRM (California Institute for Regenerative Medicine) • GSK (GlaxoSmithKline) NIH (National Institutes of Health) • NSF (National Science

Foundation) • RPB (Research to Prevent Blindness)




By understanding how the brain responds to low vision and blindness, USC Roski

Eye Institute researchers strive to understand in unprecedented detail, the structural

and functional connections of the visual brain.



A $4 million, four-year study funded by the National Institutes of Health will

build upon the brain mapping techniques developed for the Human Connectome

Project. Our team of researchers will recruit more than 100 patients with macular

degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa and various optic nerve disorders, in their efforts

to study how individual brains adapt to visual disorders over time.

Deeper understanding of the visual brain holds great promise for future innovations.

If differences in the central visual pathways behind the retina and optic nerve caused

by eye disorders can be observed earlier, treatments to preserve vision can be

developed sooner.

Collaborating on study are Hossein Ameri, MD, PhD, Amir Kashani, MD, PhD,

Andrew Moshfeghi, MD, MBA, Vivek Patel, MD, and James Weiland, PhD.

Bosco Tjan, PhD, professor

of psychology at the USC

Dornsife College of Letters,

Arts and Sciences and

co-director of USC Dana

and David Dornsife’s Cognitive

Neuroimaging Center, died

tragically Dec. 2, 2016.

Tjan was a world-renowned

expert in the field of vision

loss research and was

principal investigator in the

study to discover how the

brain reacts to blindness.

Figure 1: Cortical thickness (medial view of the cortices).

During a tribute service on

USC University Park Campus,

he was remembered as an

insightful and generous

colleague, an outstanding

teacher, a prolific researcher

and an exceptional


He is survived by his wife

and son.

Figure 2: Cortical response (fMRI) to light (medial view of the cortices).


The doctors worked with skill and earned my confidence,

and now I can see clearly again.

Mark Sweeney


Mark Sweeney

Fuchs Dystrophy

and Cataracts


Vision loss from Fuchs dystrophy

and cataracts caused difficulty with

driving and enjoying activities.


Combined Descemet’s Membrane

Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK)

and cataract surgery.


Complete restoration of vision one

month after each surgery.

Image of the eye shows corneal swelling

and cloudiness from Fuchs dystrophy.

Now that his vision has been restored, Mark has returned to outdoor activities and

and attending concerts with renewed excitement.

A continuing blur in his right eye led Mark Sweeney to contact

the USC Roski Eye Institute. Karen Morgan, MD, examined Mark and

determined that he had Fuchs dystrophy, a swelling and clouding of

the cornea. She began conservative treatment with eye drops, but

then determined that a more invasive approach was needed. J. Martin

Heur, MD, PhD, recommended combined DMEK and cataract surgery.

The procedure was successful, and within one month the vision in

Mark’s right eye not only was clear, but also corrected so he would

not need glasses. His vision began blurring in his left eye, so Mark

was excited and confident to have Heur repeat the procedure so he

would have sharp vision in both eyes. Mark was delighted to get back

to playing golf and seeing all the details at concerts at the Hollywood

Bowl —without wearing glasses. “I can finally see clearly,” Mark says.

“It’s truly amazing.”

Karen Morgan, MD, and J. Martin

Heur, MD, PhD, worked together to

restore and improve vision in both

eyes for Mark.


Sarah Hamm-Alvarez (center) is surrounded by her research team (from left to right) Zhen Meng, Srikanth Janga, Maria Edman and Christina Fu.

“Our discovery

will help

diagnose and

treat Sjögren’s




By discovering a biomarker in teardrops, Sarah Hamm-Alvarez, PhD, and her

research team may advance treatment of Sjögren’s syndrome. The disease can

have devastating effects as immune cells attack mucous membrane and fluidsecreting

glands. It starts with dryness in the eyes and mouth, but eventually

progresses to damage major organs. No single test exists to confirm Sjögren’s

syndrome, so diagnosis can take years.

“Our discovery will help diagnose and treat Sjögren’s syndrome more

effectively, particularly the dry-eye side effect of the disease,” said Hamm-

Alvarez. The promise of a simple tear-based test has the potential to improve

life for the four million people in the U.S. who have Sjögren’s syndrome.

Nine out of 10 patients are women who would be protected from the dire

consequences of the disease.

Sarah Hamm-Alvarez, PhD



A cortical visual prosthesis consists of a miniature video camera built into the nosepiece of eyeglasses, signal-processing electronics carried in a pocket and arrays

of microelectrodes implanted in the primary visual cortex. (Courtesy of Nature Publishing Group)



Electrical stimulation of the visual neurons could enable the blind to see

again—without using their eyes. Cortical visual implants use the brain to

“see” by capturing images on a video camera built into specialty eyeglasses

and relaying them to electrodes implanted in the visual cortex. A major

challenge is to precisely stimulate target nerve cells to provide accurate

vision. Andrew Weitz, PhD, and his research team developed a novel imaging

technique to map the patterns of cells activated by electrical stimulation.

They then identified stimulus waveform shapes that enable precise

stimulation of nerve cells in the retina for retinal implants. Now the team

is developing waveforms for the visual cortex. By enabling precise control

of patterns of neurons stimulated by cortical visual implants, they hope to

restore accurate vision to people who have lost their eyes.

“A novel


technique is




Andrew Weitz, PhD


In this figure, 15-20 MHz convex phased array will not only provide a larger viewing angle and field of view than traditional linear arrays, but it will also be better

at providing enough acoustic output and uniform acoustic field to generate dynamic vibration of retinal tissue over the traditional array. The phase array can be

changed focus beam by electronic scanning. Meanwhile, high resolution OCT can detect cell structure changes of the retina with ultrasonic stimulation.



What if blindness could be reversed without surgery. Current methods for

restoring sight from lost retinal receptor cells involve implanting devices to

stimulate surviving retinal neurons.

Mark Humayun, MD, PhD

Ultrasound waves are known to stimulate sight-giving retinal neurons. Using

ultrasound to restore sight would require a specialized device to deliver ultrasound

waves and the ability to map stimulation patterns. USC Roski Eye Institute researchers

Mark Humayun, MD, PhD, and Qifa Zhou, PhD, are taking on these challenges.

Their goal is to develop ultrasonic single-element transducer/phased arrays for retinal

stimulation, and design an optimal stimulation paradigm to produce controllable,

consistent retinal responses with high spatiotemporal resolution — and provide in

vivo validation.

Qifa Zhou, PhD

Ultrasound therapies hold the promise of ending blindness on a scale far beyond

current methods.


Accelerating Progress through Collaboration

The USC Roski Eye Institute works closely with many individual researchers and organizations to advance vision science and

clinical ophthalmology. We gratefully acknowledge colleagues for their efforts in 2016.



Bioengineering Initiative



Theodore Berger, PhD

USC (Biomedical Engineering)

Robert Chow, MD, PhD

USC (Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute)

Scott E. Fraser, PhD

USC (Biomedical Engineering)

Malancha Gupta, PhD

USC (Materials Science)

Hossein Hashemi, PhD

USC (Electrical Engineering)

Laurent Itti, PhD

USC (Computer Science)

Gianluca Lazzi, PhD

University of Utah, UT

Mark Liker, MD

USC (Neurosurgery)

Gerard Medioni, PhD

USC (Computer Science)

Ellis Meng, PhD

USC (Biomedical Engineering)

Alapakkam Sampath, PhD UCLA Brain Research Institute

Kirk Shung, PhD

USC (Biomedical Engineering)

Dong Song, PhD

USC (Biomedical Engineering)

Armand Tanguay, PhD

USC (Electrical Engineering)

Cross-Linking and Refractive Surgical Outcomes



William J. Dupps, MD, PhD USC (Biomedical Engineering)

Farhad Hafezi, MD, PhD

The USC Roski Eye Institute and ELZA

Institute, Switzerland

Marcony Santhiago, MD, PhD

University of Sao Paulo, Brazil and

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Giuliano Scarcelli, PhD

University of Maryland Fischell School

of Engineering, MD

Human Connectome Project



James T. Becker, PhD

University of Pittsburgh, PA

Adam L. Boxer, MD, PhD

USCF Memory and Aging Center

Kyle Chard, PhD

University of Chicago, IL

Kristi Clark, PhD

USC (Neurology)

Eric Deutsch, PhD

Institute for Systems Biology, WA

Ivo Dinov, PhD

University of Michigan, MI

James Duncan, PhD

Yale University, CT

Jerome Engel, MD

UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine

Ian Foster, PhD

University of Chicago, IL

Giovanni Frisoni, MD

IRCCS Fatebenefratelli, Italy

Gustavo Glusman, PhD

Institute for Systems Biology, WA

Dana Goldman, PhD

USC (Schaeffer Center for Health Policy

and Economics)

Gerig Guido, PhD

University of Utah, UT

Susan Hayflick, MD

Oregon Health & Science University, OR

Scott Holland, PhD

Cincinnati Children’s

Research Foundation, OH

Leroy Hood, MD, PhD

Institute for Systems Biology, WA

John Van Horn, PhD

USC (Neurology)

Carl Kesselman, PhD

USC (Industrial and Systems


Richard Leahy, PhD

USC (Electrical Engineering)

Robert Scott Mackin, PhD UCSF School of Medicine

Geoffrey T. Manley, MD, PhD UCSF School of Medicine

Tom Nichols, PhD

University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Yuko Y. Palesch, PhD

Medical University of South Carolina, SC

Nathan Price, PhD

Institute for Systems Biology, WA

Bruce Rosen, MD, PhD

Massachusetts General Hospital, MA

Howard Rosen, MD

USCF Memory and Aging Center

Seth Seabury, PhD

USC (Schaeffer Center for Health Policy

and Economics)

Yonggang Shi, PhD

USC (Neurology)

Olaf Sporns, PhD

Indiana University, IN

Michael Weiner, MD

Northern California Institute for

Research & Education, CA

Wenle Zhao, PhD

Medical University of South Carolina, SC

Imaging Initiative



Antonio Capone, MD

Oakland University, MI

Zhongping Chen, PhD

UCI Samueli School of Engineering, CA

Thomas Karnowski, PhD

Oak Ridge National Labs, TN

Michael Trese, MD

Oakland University, MI

George Williams, MD

Oakland University, MI

Mark Wong, PhD

National Aeronautics and Space

Administration, MD

Ocular Epidemiology



Stanley Azen, PhD

USC (Preventive Medicine)

Xiaoyi Gao, PhD

University of Illinois at Chicago, IL

James Gauderman, PhD

USC (Preventive Medicine)

Joanne Katz, ScD

Johns Hopkins University, MD

Ronald Klein, MD, MPH

University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI

Roberta McKean-Cowdin, PhD USC (Preventive Medicine)

Joan M. O’Brien, MD

University of Pennsylvania, PA

Jeremy Rotter, PhD

Los Angeles Biomedical Institute, CA

Kristina Tarczy-Hornoch, MD Seattle Children's Hospital, WA

Tien Wong, MD, PhD

National University of Singapore

Regenerative Medicine for Blinding Eye Diseases



Larry A. Couture, PhD

City of Hope, CA

Dennis Clegg, PhD

UCSB Center for Stem Cell Biology and


Lincoln V. Johnson, PhD

UCSB Center for the Study of Macular


Population Health



Dana Goldman, PhD

USC (School of Pharmacy), USC (Sol

Price School of Public Policy)

Anupam Jena, MD, PhD

Harvard University, MA

Geoffrey Manley, MD, PhD UCSF School of Medicine

Mike Menchine, MD

USC (Department of Emergency


Sjögren’s Syndrome



Daniel Arkfeld, MD

USC (Department of Medicine)

Stratos Christianakis, MD USC (Department of Medicine)

Stan Louie, PhD

USC (School of Pharmacy)

Curtis Okamoto, PhD

USC (School of Pharmacy)

J. Andrew MacKay, PhD USC (School of Pharmacy)

Wendy Mack, PhD

USC (Department of Preventive


Kathleen Rodgers, PhD

USC (School of Pharmacy)

William Stohl, MD, PhD

USC (Department of Medicine)

Driss Zoukhri, PhD

Tufts University School of Dentistry, MA


Arnold Michels

Choroidal Melanoma


Diagnosed with a choroidal

melanoma after continuous retinal

issues, detachments and bleeding.


Patient decided to undergo plaque

brachytherapy (radiation implant)

to save the eye, regardless of impact

on vision.


Cancer controlled. Tumor regressing.

No observable metastatic disease.

Left eye preserved with vision loss.

Arnold enjoys playing with his grandchildren, Olivia and Colin.

Losing an eye to cancer was a real possibility for Arnold Michels.

After a long and complicated history of retinal issues, detachments

and bleeding in his left eye, he finally learned why: he had choroidal

melanoma — eye cancer.

As an avid outdoorsman and photographer, Arnold first thought that he

would have to abandon his passion for hiking and introducing children to

nature as a volunteer. Without vision, he could not navigate the terrain.

After five difficult surgeries on his eye, Arnold came to the USC Roski

Eye Institute with a specific goal. Already blind in his left eye, he wanted

to avoid its removal. To achieve this goal, surgeons performed a long,

complex surgery in which they implanted a device that would precisely

target the tumor with radiation.

Retinal photograph of eye with a

malignant choroidal melanoma.

The procedure was a success. Arnold’s cancer is under control, the

tumor is shrinking and he has no sign of metastatic disease. Best of all,

he is delighted to still have his left eye. “They went above and beyond all

my expectations,” Arnold says.

Choroidal melanoma in the left eye after

trans-retinal prognostic biopsy.

Jesse Berry, MD, performed the

surgery that saved Arnold’s left

eye from cancer.


They went above and beyond all my expectations.

Arnold Michels




The USC Roski Eye Institute is the exclusive provider of vision care at the

LAC+USC Medical Center, the hub of a Los Angeles County health system

that serves 10 million people. This presents multiple opportunities to provide

a wide array of complex, clinical care that profoundly enhances people’s lives.

Recycle Vision

Recycle Vision, started by USC’s Jesse

Berry, MD, collects used eyeglasses

and logs prescriptions. They then

match prescriptions and give

eyeglasses to patients who otherwise

might not afford them.


Eyeglass Prescriptions Not Filled


Patients Concerned about Cost


Pairs of Used Eyeglasses Provided

USC Roski Eye Institute residents, shown with ophthalmologist Jesse Berry, MD, follow patients

longitudinally throughout their residencies at LAC+USC for an exceptional clinical and personal experience.

The 600-bed Los Angeles County + USC Medical Center is one of the largest public hospitals in the country

and one of the premier academic teaching hospitals in the nation.

LAC+USC Ophthalmology

200 Patients per day

10 Surgeries per day

5 Ophthalmology subspecialties



Vulnerable patients will benefit from greater access to eye care as new studies are launched and new healthcare policies are adopted.



The USC Roski Eye Institute is at the heart of USC’s latest efforts to tackle the

challenges of healthcare system reform.

The newly established Keck-Schaeffer Initiative for Population Health Policy

is led by Seth Seabury, PhD, associate professor in the USC Department of

Ophthalmology and associate professor of research in the Leonard D. Schaeffer

Center for Health Policy and Economics. Its mission is to identify evidence-based

policies that improve access to care for underserved populations and increase the

value of the services provided.

This collaboration between the Keck School of Medicine of USC and the USC

Schaeffer Center will be the catalyst for new research and educational studies for

improving population health and healthcare delivery.

Seth Seabury, PhD

“We will strive

to use cuttingedge

research to

help improve

the health of







The USC Roski Eye Institute champions

preventive care, engages in partnerships

and inspires philanthropy in our mission to

eliminate visual impairment and blindness.




Life IN



Clockwise from top: Srikiran Institute of Ophthalmology;

Chandrasekhar Sankurathri, MD; cataract patients on

post-op day one; 3rd-year resident Philip Storey, MD, MPH,

examines a patient; Storey and USC Assistant Professor

Jesse Berry, MD, during a rotation in India.

Chandrasekhar Sankurathri, MD, visiting professor of ophthalmology,

has dedicated his life to saving the vision of people who would

otherwise go blind.

In 1989, he established the nonprofit Sankurathi Foundation as a

memorial to his wife, son and daughter who were killed in an Air India

terrorist bombing on July 23, 1985. The mission was to “empower the

poor through better education, eye care and timely help to the needy.”

His mission expanded in 1993 with the opening of the Srikiran Institute of

Ophthalmology, named after his son. The eye hospital provides accessible

and affordable services to all “irrespective of race, religion, caste, age,

sex and other socioeconomic factors.”

From conducting preventive screenings to providing complex procedures,

often without charge, the hospital is improving the lives of people in

rural India.


In its 23 years, the nonprofit

Srikiran Institute of Ophthalmology

has achieved an impressive

record of service:

2,360 screening camps for adults

1,073 screening camps for


2,170,855 outpatient visits

208,577 surgeries









New National Eye Institute studies led by Rohit Varma, MD,

MPH, suggest that vision screening for refractive error and

early eye disease may reduce or prevent a high proportion

of individuals from experiencing unnecessary vision loss

and blindness. These findings will guide clinical care and

health policy designed to protect and preserve the vision

of all Americans.




AGE 40+




AGE 40+















2015 2050

2015 2050


2015 2050







520K 1.05












2015 2050

2015 2050















LATINO 300K 1.4



BLINDNESS 2015 2050




LATINO 100K 400K





The largest U.S. epidemiological studies ever conducted on Chinese Americans and Latinos were published in 2016

by the USC Roski Eye Institute.



• Greater prevalence of neovascular (wet) agerelated

macular degeneration

• Three times higher prevalence of visual

impairment among those with type II diabetes

than those without diabetes



• Significantly lower quality of life for those with

severe age-related macular degeneration in one

or both eyes

• Less access and utilization of health care may

contribute to quality of life decline

* For complete findings please refer to: Visual Impairment and Blindness in Adults in the United States: Demographic and Geographic Variations from

2015 to 2050. JAMA Ophthalmol. PMID: 27197072.






The vibrant paintings by Gayle Garner Roski, an

accomplished watercolorist, have been exhibited in

museums and galleries from California to Scotland.

Gayle and Edward Roski took a bold step in 2016 to improve

vision and end blindness. They made a landmark $25

million gift to endow and name the USC Gayle and

Edward Roski Eye Institute at Keck Medicine of USC.

Their generosity was inspired by personal experiences

and deep concern for others. After Gayle Garner Roski,

a plein-air watercolorist, received cataract treatment at

the USC Eye Institute, her ability to see color and light

values improved dramatically. To help others fully enjoy

the gift of sight, they decided to make a major gift.

Their exceptional support will enable the USC Roski Eye

Institute to continue its powerful influence on vision

care, research and education around the world.

Edward and Gayle Roski accelerated the advancement of

clinical ophthalmology and vision science through their

landmark gift.





The USC Roski Eye Institute equips and

emboldens generations of clinician-scientists

who revolutionize the diagnosis and treatment

of eye conditions and diseases.


Joseph Cocozza, assistant professor of research, instructs students in the new Ophthalmic Technician Education Program.

“OTEP joins

only 14 centers


offering this


training. ”





The USC Roski Eye Institute established a new Ophthalmic Technician

Education Program (OTEP), joining only 14 centers nationwide offering

this specialized training.

OTEP is a certificate program that integrates core academic knowledge

with clinical and occupational skill mastery. It includes classroom and

clinical experiences that prepare graduates to assist ophthalmologists

in the prevention, detection and treatment of vision impairments in

private practice offices, hospitals and community-based clinics. OTEP

students have clinical rotations at the USC Roski Eye Institute, LAC+USC

Medical Center and Children’s Hospital Los Angeles.

Joseph Cocozza, PhD,

co-directs the

Ophthalmic Technician

Education Program.

The U.S. Department of Labor projects a 21 percent increase in

ophthalmic medical positions by 2021. The new program is designed to

help meet this urgent need.






The USC oculofacial surgical skills course brought together renowned faculty,

fellows, and residents in oculoplastics, ophthalmology, ENT, and plastic

surgery to learn from each other. American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic

and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) fellows from around the United States,

as well as visiting scholars from around the world participated. After brief

lectures, expert faculty rotated between fully equipped surgical stations that

included surgical oculoplastic instruments, an endoscope, a drill, ultrasonic

aspirator, plating material and a fresh cadaver head. Attendees learned new

approaches and practiced valuable skills that will improve patient care.

Sandy Zhang-Nunes, MD,

organized the oculofacial

surgical skills course with

USC Roski Eye Institute staff.

Michael Burnstine, MD

Director of the Oculofacial

plastics fellowship program.

Participants from all over the world came together to share valuable skills.



The PROSE procedure was a game changer. My eyes

are no longer miserable all the time.

Jeremy Falk”

Jeremy Falk




Developed Stevens-Johnson

Syndrome after taking Bactrim to

treat an infection, resulting in

eye pain, dryness, light sensitivity

and irritation.


Received custom-designed PROSE

(prosthetic replacement of the ocular

surface ecosystem) scleral devices.


Improved comfort, vision and quality

of life.

The gas-permeable PROSE device creates

a smooth optical surface above the

cornea and bathes the ocular surface

with a reservoir of sterile saline. (Image

courtesy of Boston Sight®.)

Jeremy’s active lifestyle includes cycling and distance running.

Extreme light sensitivity and sore, bloodshot eyes made life difficult

for Jeremy Falk, an independent businessman, distance runner and

self-proclaimed “power nerd.” A terrible reaction to an antibiotic left

him with chronic, severe dry eyes. After years of seeking relief, he

finally found it at the USC Roski Eye Institute.

To compensate for the lack of tears, Gloria Chiu, OD, FAAO, FSLS,

initiated Boston Sight® PROSE (prosthetic replacement of the ocular

system) treatment, available at only 12 sites nationwide. Now Jeremy’s

eyes are protected and kept moist by a set of made-to-specification

removable scleral devices that cover the entire outer surface of

his eyes.

Initially, Jeremy was anxious about placing the lenses on his eyes.

After some training, coaching and practice, he mastered the process.

“Dr. Chiu was patient, gentle, professional and no nonsense,” Jeremy

says. “She changed my life.”

Jeremy’s eyes are much better, and life has returned to normal. Armed

with his “rock ‘n roll eyeball kit,” he faces the world with greater

confidence and a brighter outlook.

Gloria Chiu, OD, FAAO, FSLS, prescribed

and fitted the PROSE lenses that provide

relief for Jeremy’s eye condition.

With training, patients eventually master

application and use of the PROSE device.







On Career Choice

I took a biochemistry class at Francisco Bravo Medical Magnet High

“School, taught by USC’s Dr. Cocozza, that focused on the chemistry

behind ophthalmology. I knew from that point that ophthalmology

was what I wanted to do. ”

On Residency Training

My advice is to find a program that is best suited to your individual needs.

“If you’re looking for strong clinical and surgical training, and to be an

innovative leader, then USC is the place for you. ”

USC has one of the most challenging ophthalmology residency programs

“in the country, hands down. I left the program so confident, so prepared

to take on any challenge that came my way. ”

On USC Faculty

A very strong teaching component with LAC+USC Medical Center

“allows faculty to play a big role in the training and mentorship of

residents and fellows.

Sahar Bedrood, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology


Keck School of Medicine of USC


LAC+USC Medical Center


The Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute


• Structural characteristics of the optic nerve

lamina cribrosa

• Glaucoma disruption of patients’ daily

functional ability


• American Glaucoma Society

• American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

• Los Angeles Society of Ophthalmology

• Society of Heed Fellows


• Society of Heed Fellows Fellowship Award

• National Eye Institute ARVO Award

• P.E.O. Scholar Award

• Order of the Arete

• Remarkable Women of USC Award






Nearly 400 ophthalmologists and optometrists attended the USC Roski Eye

Institute 41 st Anniversary Symposium at the Huntington Library in Pasadena.

The event’s distinguished speakers provided presentations on every subspecialty

of ophthalmology.

USC Roski Eye Institute faculty members at the 41 ST Anniversary Symposium.

Rohit Varma, MD, MPH, left, presented

Neil R. Miller, MD, the Frank B. Walsh Professor

of Neuro-Ophthalmology and professor of

ophthalmology, neurology, and neurosurgery,

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, with

the USC Roski Eye Institute Laureate Award

for 2016.

Preeminent vision experts shared their work with a

capacity crowd.

41 ST Anniversary

Symposium Distinguished


Nisa Acharya, MD

Director, Uveitis Service and Uveitis

Fellowship, F.I. Proctor Foundation and

Professor of Ophthalmology, University of

California, San Francisco

Pravin U. Dugel, MD

Clinical Professor, USC Roski Eye Institute,

Keck School of Medicine of USC, Managing

Partner, Retinal Consultants of Arizona and

Founding Member, Spectra Eye Institute

Jonathan M. Holmes, MD

Joseph E. and Rose Marie Green Professor

of Visual Sciences and Professor of

Ophthalmology and Former Chair,

Department of Ophthalmology, College of

Medicine, Mayo Clinic

Mark S. Humayun, MD, PhD

Cornelius J. Pings Chair in Biomedical

Sciences, Professor of Ophthalmology,

Biomedical Engineering and Cell and

Neurobiology, Director of the USC Institute

for Biomedical Therapeutics and Co-

Director of the USC Roski Eye Institute,

Keck School of Medicine of USC

Sean Ianchulev, MD, MPH

Chief Medical Officer and Vice President,

Medical Affairs and Business Development,

Transcend Medical

Guy G. Massry, MD

Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, Keck

School of Medicine of USC

Neil R. Miller, MD

Frank B. Walsh Professor of Neuro-

Ophthalmology and Professor of

Ophthalmology, Neurology and

Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Medical


J. Bradley Randleman, MD

Professor of Ophthalmology and Director

of Cornea, External Disease and Refractive

Surgery, USC Roski Eye Institute, Keck

School of Medicine of USC

J. Timothy Stout, MD, PhD, MBA

Director, Cullen Eye Institute and Chair,

Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor

College of Medicine

Young Hee Yoon, MD, PhD

Professor of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical

Center, University of Ulsan, South Korea





Name Title Specialty

Sahar Bedrood, MD, PhD Assistant Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology Glaucoma

Kent Nguyen, OD, FAAO

Assistant Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology

Comprehensive Eye Care in Primary Care, Ocular

Disease, and Contact Lenses

J. Bradley Randleman, MD Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology

Corneal and External Diseases and Corneal


Seth Seabury, PhD

Associate Professor of Research


Ophthalmology Health Policy and Economics

Mahnaz Shahidi, PhD Professor of Ophthalmology Retinal Imaging

Lan Yue, PhD Assistant Professor of Research Ophthalmology Retinal Prosthesis

Qifa Zhou, PhD

Professor of Ophthalmology, Biomedical


Biomedical Engineering Ophthalmic Elastography,

Ultrasonic Retinal and Brain Stimulation


Each year, positions open for six new residents and eight new fellows. Hundreds of outstanding candidates apply to train at

the USC Department of Ophthalmology.


Residents will complete two-week, on-site comprehensive

and subspecialty clinics at the Srikiran Institute of

Ophthalmology in rural Andhra Pradesh, India.


Fellows have extraordinary learning opportunities at USC’s

ophthalmic molecular and immuno-pathology laboratory,

one of the few in the United States.

The USC Roski Eye Institute residents and fellow train in four diverse and highly acute clinical and surgical settings: the USC Roski Eye Institute, Children’s Hospital

Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Hospital (LAC+USC Medical Center) and Veterans Administration Downtown Los Angeles Medical Center.






Vivek Patel, MD, residency program

director (left), and first-year resident

Debarshi Mustafi, worked together on

the “Double Trouble” case.





• Hispanic female, age 66, presents to

the emergency department with

worsening blurred vision over several

weeks and a one-year history of

intermittent binocular diplopia, pulsating

left-ear pain and tinnitus.

• PMH: HTN, DM Type 2, Dyslipidemia


• ROS negative for headaches, nausea

or sudden loss of vision.


• BCVA 20/20 OD, 20/30 OS, IOP WNL, no

RAPD, Ishihara color plates normal OU.

• Anterior segment exam on slit lamp only

notable for 2+ NSC of the lens OU.

• Dilated fundus exam: normal appearing

optic nerves with CDR 0.4 without

evidence of swelling or atrophy.


• Bilaterally swollen optic nerves with near

normal function. Elevated intercranial

pressure (ICP) would suggest obstruction

or abnormality. Normal ICP would suggest

diabetic papillopathy, optic perineuritis

or hypertensive papillopathy.


• MRI brain with and without contrast

was obtained to better characterize

the etiology of the elevated ICP.

(See Figures 1 and 2.)


• Paraganglioma causing compression

of the left internal jugular vein.

• Jugular venous obstruction resulted in

impaired CSF absorption, leading

to elevated ICP.

• Sufficiently compartmentalized

CSF pressure may allow some

cases of elevated ICP to present

without papilledema.


• Since malignant behavior is only seen in

4% of jugulotympanic paragangliomas,

treatment options include observation,

surgical resection with preoperative

embolization, radiotherapy and


• Patient was seen eight weeks after initial

visit. Stable nature of the symptoms led

us to monitor her with dilated fundus

exams and Humphrey visual fields at

subsequent visits. She is also being

followed by neurology and ENT services

as an outpatient for possible surgical

intervention if symptoms worsen.







Figure 1. Axial (left) and sagittal (right) cuts

demonstrate an absence of flattening of the

back of the globe or tortuosity of the optic nerve

that can be seen with elevated ICP.

Figure 2. MRI brain post-contrast, sequential

axial T1 images reveal an avidly enhancing

mass (blue arrow) measuring 23 x 15 x 24

mm (TV x AP x CC) within and expanding the

left jugular foramen, and enveloping the left

internal jugular vein (red arrow).







Six exceptional residents are recruited each year from hundreds of applicants.

Third Year

Jiun L. Do, MD, PhD

Second Year

Stavros Moysidis, MD

Billy Pan, MD

Co-Chief Resident

Kelly Rue, MD Grace Shih, MD Philip Storey,


Co-Chief Resident

from top left to right

Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

Director, USC Roski

Eye Institute

Vivek Patel, MD

Residency Program Director

Jesse Berry, MD

Associate Residency

Program Director

Malvin Anders, MD

Chief of Ophthalmology,

LAC+USC Medical Center

Walid F. Abdallah,


First Year

On-Tat Lee, MD Natasha Naik, MD Ananth Sastry, MD Brandon Wong, MD Arman Zaman, MD

Christine Greer,


Arezu Haghighi, MD Ramon Lee, MD Debarshi Mustafi,


Luv Patel, MD

Nadim Rayess, MD

Fellows and Clinical Instructors

The USC Roski Eye Institute offers clinical

fellowship training in six subspecialty areas,

including cornea and external disease,

glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology, ophthalmic

plastic surgery, retina and uveitis.

Informal research fellowships are also awarded

by each service and laboratory independently.

The USC Roski Eye Institute attracts promising

academic ophthalmologists from around the

world who spend one or two years participating

in research programs. Many return to their

home countries where they assume positions

of national or international leadership.

Brian Do, MD


Helen Merritt, MD



Kimberly Gokoffski,



Julia Nemiroff, MD

Medical Retina

Humair Khan, MD


Nishant Soni, MD


Julie Kwon, MD

Medical Retina

Jeffrey Tan, MD


Jessica Maslin, MD


Brian Toy, MD





Hossein Ameri,


Assistant Professor

Sahar Bedrood,


Assistant Professor

Jesse Berry, MD

Assistant Professor

Mark Borchert, MD

Associate Professor

Angela Buffenn,


Assistant Professor

Michael Burnstine,


Clinical Professor

Gloria Chiu,


Assistant Professor

Farzana Choudhury,


Assistant Professor

David Cobrinik,


Associate Professor

Joseph Cocozza, PhD

Assistant Professor

Cheryl Craft, PhD


Steven Dresner, MD

Clinical Professor

Charles Flowers Jr., MD

Associate Professor

Henry Fong, PhD

Associate Professor

Sarah Hamm-

Alvarez, PhD


J. Martin Heur,


Associate Professor

Mark Humayun,



Veronica Isozaki,


Assistant Professor

Shinwu Jeong, PhD

Assistant Professor

Xuejuan Jiang, PhD

Assistant Professor

Amir Kashani,


Assistant Professor

Jonathan Kim, MD

Associate Professor

Tali Kolin, MD

Adjunct Associate


Linda Lam, MD, MBA

Associate Professor

Carlos Lastra Gonzalez, MD

Clinical Research


Thomas Lee, MD

Associate Professor

Debbie Mitra, PhD

Assistant Professor

Karen Morgan, MD

Clinical Professor

Andrew Moshfeghi,


Associate Professor

Arlanna Moshfeghi,


Assistant Professor

A. Linn Murphree, MD


Sudha Nallasamy, MD

Assistant Professor

Kent Nguyen, OD, FAAO

Assistant Professor

Vivek Patel, MD

Associate Professor

Carmen Puliafito,



J. Bradley

Randleman, MD


Narsing Rao, MD


Bibiana Reiser,


Assistant Professor

Alena Reznik, MD

Assistant Professor

Grace Richter,


Assistant Professor

David Richardson, MD

Adjunct Assistant


Damien Rodger,


Assistant Professor

Seth Seabury, PhD

Associate Professor

Mahnaz Shahidi, PhD


Jonathan Song, MD

Associate Professor

Biju Thomas, PhD

Assistant Professor

Paul Thompson, PhD


Arthur Toga, PhD

Provost Professor

Lernik Torossian


Assistant Professor

Rohit Varma, MD, MPH


James Weiland, PhD


Andrew Weitz, PhD

Assistant Professor

John Whalen, PhD

Assistant Professor

Lan Yue, PhD

Assistant Professor

Sandy Zhang-Nunes, MD

Assistant Professor

Qifa Zhou, PhD




John Affeldt, MD

Soma Agarwal, MD

Rajat Agrawal,


Selwa Al-Hazzaa,


Malvin Anders, MD

Richard Apt, MD

Gregory Bearman,


Joseph Boban, MD

Swaraj Bose, MD

Gerald Bowns, MD David Boyer, MD Brian Brown, MD Gerald Chader, Grace Chang, MD, Lawrence Chong, Michael Colvard,





Lauren Daskivich,


Kenneth Diddie,


Pravin Dugel, MD Gregg Feinerman, Wolfgang Fink, David Fuerst, MD Sam Goldberger, MD David Goldenberg,




Ronald Green, MD

Farhad Hafezi,


Houman Hemmati,


Lars Hertzog, MD Leif Hertzog, MD Alan Horsager, PhD Lynn Huang, MD,


John Hwang, MD

Sean Ianchulev,


Karim Jamal, MD

Joseph Kim, MD

Michael Koss, MD

Derek Kunimoto,


James Lambert,


Phillip Phuc Le,


Grant Lee, MD

Garlan Lo, MD Jonathan Macy, MD Alan Mandelberg,


Alfred Marrone, MD Guy Massry, MD William May, MD

Douglas McCreery,


Raghu Murthy, MD




Kami Parsa, MD

Artin Petrossians,


Dante Pieramici,


Paul Prendiville,


Harold Reaves, MD

Warren Reingold,


Arvind Saini, MD

James Salz, MD

David Samimi, MD

Steve Schallhorn,


Donald Schwartz,


Donald Serafano,


John Shammas,


Marc Shomer, MD,


Holly Spanggord,


Warren Stout, MD

Erik Tu, MD

Paul Urrea, MD,


Lee Wan, MD

Kenneth Wright,


David Yu, MD


Zoumalan, MD



2016 Faculty


Faculty members at USC Roski Eye Institute

discover and disseminate vital information that

improves lives by contributing to the advancement

of ophthalmology and vision science.

1. Abdallah WF, Louie SG, Zhang Y, Rodgers KE, Sivok

E, G Sd, Humayun MS. Norleu3a(1-7) Accelerates

Clear Corneal Full Thickness Wound Healing. Invest

Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Apr 1;57(4):2187-94.

2. Adam MK, Rayess N, Rahimy E, Maguire JI, Hsu

J. Radial Versus Raster Spectral-Domain Optical

Coherence Tomography Scan Patterns for Detection

of Macular Fluid in Neovascular Age-Related

Macular Degeneration. Br J Ophthalmol. 2016


3. Adams HH, Hibar DP, Chouraki V, Stein JL, Nyquist

PA, Renteria ME, Trompet S, Arias-Vasquez A,

Seshadri S, Desrivieres S, Beecham AH, Jahanshad

N, Wittfeld K, Van der Lee SJ, Abramovic L, Alhusaini

S, Amin N, Andersson M, Arfanakis K, Aribisala

BS, Armstrong NJ, Athanasiu L, Axelsson T, Beiser

A, Bernard M, Bis JC, Blanken LM, Blanton SH,

Bohlken MM, Boks MP, Bralten J, Brickman AM,

Carmichael O, Chakravarty MM, Chauhan G, Chen

Q, Ching CR, Cuellar-Partida G, Braber AD, Doan NT,

Ehrlich S, Filippi I, Ge T, Giddaluru S, Goldman AL,

Gottesman RF, Greven CU, Grimm O, Griswold ME,

Guadalupe T, Hass J, Haukvik UK, Hilal S, Hofer E,

Hoehn D, Holmes AJ, Hoogman M, Janowitz D, Jia

T, Kasperaviciute D, Kim S, Klein M, Kraemer B, Lee

PH, Liao J, Liewald DC, Lopez LM, Luciano M, Macare

C, Marquand A, Matarin M, Mather KA, Mattheisen

M, Mazoyer B, McKay DR, McWhirter R, Milaneschi

Y, Mirza-Schreiber N, Muetzel RL, Maniega SM,

Nho K, Nugent AC, Loohuis LM, Oosterlaan J,

Papmeyer M, Pappa I, Pirpamer L, Pudas S, Putz

B, Rajan KB, Ramasamy A, Richards JS, Risacher

SL, Roiz-Santianez R, Rommelse N, Rose EJ, Royle

NA, Rundek T, Samann PG, Satizabal CL, Schmaal

L, Schork AJ, Shen L, Shin J, Shumskaya E, Smith

AV, Sprooten E, Strike LT, Teumer A, Thomson R,

Tordesillas-Gutierrez D, Toro R, Trabzuni D, Vaidya

D, Van der Grond J, Van der Meer D, Van Donkelaar

MM, Van Eijk KR, Van Erp TG, Van Rooij D, Walton E,

Westlye LT, Whelan CD, Windham BG, Winkler AM,

Woldehawariat G, Wolf C, Wolfers T, Xu B, Yanek LR,

Yang J, Zijdenbos A, Zwiers MP, Agartz I, Aggarwal

NT, Almasy L, Ames D, Amouyel P, Andreassen

OA, Arepalli S, Assareh AA, Barral S, Bastin ME,

Becker DM, Becker JT, Bennett DA, Blangero J, van

Bokhoven H, Boomsma DI, Brodaty H, Brouwer RM,

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