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Government Security News January 2017 Digital Edition

Government Security News January 2017 Digital Edition. Available on the GSN Magazine Website at

American Shah and

American Shah and subsequent takeover of the embassy revealed it. This is conveyed by Mahmood Mamdani in his book, Good Muslim, Bad Muslim, America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror. He shows us that US actions were revealed when he states, “Secret American aid to opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul had begun before the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan. CIA and State Department documents seized during the embassy takeover in Tehran reveal the United States had begun quietly meeting Afghan-rebel representatives in Pakistan in April 1979, eight months before Soviet military intervention” (Mamdani, 123). Essentially, the Iranian Revolution that ended in the overthrowing of the pro-American Shah concretely revealed with evidence to the Arab nations, the fact that the United States was meddling in their affairs. Moreover, it shows us that they provoked the conflict that would occur in Afghanistan when they met with rebel groups such as the mujahedeen (a group that would later create splinter groups such as the Taliban and Al-Qaeda) in order to overthrow the regime, and that this is why the Soviets invaded. When added to the other aforementioned factors, it becomes more apparent as to why this hatred eventually boiled over into counter-aggression. However, U.S. intelligence experts were certain that retaliation would occur in some form of economic or political means. They couldn’t even fathom the idea of an outright attack on home soil because they thought they were dealing with other government leaders. What they didn’t realize was that the very people they armed to fight the Soviets were to be the people that would attack due to the fact that the mujahedeen, a radical nationalist group, saw both Soviet and American interventionism as incursions that would not go unpunished. The term for these unintended consequences is blowback as Chalmers John- 40 son explains in his book titled, The Costs and Consequences of American Empire. The book gives a detailed account of how the term came to be and how it is used to described consequences that are known or unknown based on the actions taken by the U.S. government. It goes further to say that this kind of information is largely kept from the American people and that this is the reason behind their ignorance of why these people hate us. The more significant part of this book however, is the direct correlation that it draws between the arming of the rebels in Afghanistan to the 9/11 attacks. Johnson brings up a classified CIA document post-action report and reveals its contents when he states, “The attacks of September 11 descend in a direct line from events in 1979, the year in which the CIA, with full presidential authority, began carrying out its largest ever clandestine operation—the secret arming of Afghan freedom fighters (mujahedeen) to wage a proxy war against the Soviet Union…” (Johnson, 12). It would seem that the arrogant and careless actions in Afghanistan came back to haunt the US. While there is no condoning the terrorist attacks of 9/11, these events were not unprovoked as Americans were led to believe by presidents such as George W. Bush. In conclusion, the Middle East is a place of chaos and hatred for the West. However, after looking into the not-so-well-known history of the US,

we have a better understanding as to why they are this way. It is due to the outright arrogance of an outdated ideology that these people were put through political and civil instability. After learning what we have today a clearer picture can be seen that is the US is a police force that has done well through humanitarian efforts such as the Peace Corps, but has been an oppressive force that imposed its will on a people that would not be willing to take it laying down. Michael Conti is an undergraduate student at California State University, Fullerton, and is working on degrees in history and political science. He plans to be a historical analyst, specializing in comparative politics. Works Cited Johnson, Chalmers. Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire. New York: Henry Holt, 2004. 12-13. Print. Little, Douglas. “American Orientalism.” American Orientalism : The United States and The Middle East Since 1945. The University of North Carolina Press, 2008. 53-54. Print. Mamdani, Mahmood. Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror. New York: Pantheon, 2004. 123-124. Print. Merrill, Dennis, and Thomas G. Paterson. Major Problems in American Foreign Relations: Documents and Essays. Boston, 2010. 319-320. Print. Westad, Odd Arne. The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 39-72. Print. Sign-up for Free GSN Digital Editions and Email Newsletters Free subscription to your selection of GSN digital editions and daily/weekly email newsletters. Add new selections or opt-out of any selections at any time. GSN Monthly Digital Edition GSN Airport, Seaport, Rail, Border Security Weekly GSN Daily Insider Newsletter (5 Days Weekly) GSN Cybersecurity Newsletter GSN Media Kit The News Leader in Physical, IT and Homeland Security 41 CLICK HERE