B-SMART' July'16

website

BVRIT Hyderabad College Of Engineering For Women

B – SMART

-We Explore We Exhibit

Volume No. 1, Issue No. 2, July '2016

LOW BATTERY? CHARGE YOUR PHONE WIRELESSLY.

FIRST MIRROR IMAGED MOLECULE FOUND IN

INTERSTELLAR SPACE

ULTRATHIN SOLAR CELLS

FUSION OF QUANTUM PHYSICS AND GENETIC

ENGINEERING

3D- PEN

COGNITIVE COMPUTING

WORLD'S FASTEST COMPUTER –CHINA

BODY INTERFACING

SMART CONTACT LENS

NEED HAIR ? PRESS “PRINT”

TRENDY TOMORROW

PROJECT JACQUARD

CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY

UPLOAD KNOWLEDGE TO YOUR BRAIN

SCIENTIFIC STREET LAMPS TO PREVENT DENGUE

FEVER

ANTI -HIV USING NANO-ROBOTS

DREAM LIMNKING


B-SMART- BVRITian Student Magazine on Advanced Research &Technologies

is here to keep the students and the faculty members informed with the latest

developments in the area of science, engineering & technology. It

also inculcates the habit of reading among students about new trends in

technology and emerging areas and to provide a platform to the student for

sharing knowledge.

CHIEF EDITOR

Ms. Dipali Pattanayak , Asst. Professor ,Dept. Of IT

FACULTY CO-ORDINATORS

Ms.P. Kavitha, Asst. Professor, Dept. Of CSE

Ms.B. Sujatha, Asst. Professor, Dept. Of EEE

Ms.R. Sridevi, Asst. Professor, Dept. Of ECE

STUDENT CO-ORDINATORS

B. Divya Rani, IIIyr-Isem, Dept. of EEE

V.Divyasree , IIIyr-Isem, Dept. of ECE

Madhuri Peri , IIIyr-I sem, Dept. of IT

Aakanksha Shastri , IIyr-Isem ,Dept. of CSE

COVER PAGE DESIGN

G.T.L.Sharanya ,IIIyr-I sem Dept. of EEE


Low Battery? Charge your phone

wirelessly. Wondering how?

T



here is a new technology through which

we can charge our phones by sharing

power wirelessly. It is really a nightmare

for phone-obsessed people when their phone

runs out of power and there is no electric plug

in sight.

There are different platforms in wireless

charging technology.

PowerShake: Wireless charging makes use of

two coils - one in the power transmitter and

other in the power receiver. When electrical

power passes through the power transmitter

coil, it generates electromagnetic field that

transfers power to the other coil. The coil is a

part of the battery charging circuit. This gives

best results at close distances. They also

devised electromagnetic shielding made of

ferrite plates and copper tape on the back of

the coil in order to prevent the transmitted

power from reaching the human tissues. One

more add-on is that the Lithium-ion batteries

cope with the short bursts of energy to

charge them up.

Eterna: Eterna uses the mechanism of the

transport of radio frequency prominently

over a broad band of active frequency waves

and ultimately making out a conversion of

the same into DC energy, the incredible

platform of ETERNA facilitates the wireless

charging of the placed battery within the

domain of the electronic device. It

encompasses a power receiver which is

termed Thunderlink. The power transmitter

is called NEST, portrays the role of a physical

charging station which is the place where the

device is charged vigilantly. The generation

of the specific RF energy is brought about by

NEST after the acceptance of the same from

Thunderlink.

These innovative solutions are based on the

concept of wireless transmission of electricity.

In this remarkable discovery of the “TRUE

WIRELESS” Dr. Nikola Tesla, “Father of the

wireless” created a huge milestone towards the

solution for world energy crisis. The Famous

Tesla Tower erected in Shoreham, Long Island,

New York is 187 feet high, the spherical top is

68 feet in diameter. Tesla

wanted to transmit electricity

from this tower to the whole

globe without wires using the

Ionosphere. The source of the

transmitted electricity was to

be the Niagara Falls power plant. The modern

ideas are dominated by microwave power

transmission. The transmission of power

without wires is not a theory or a mere

possibility, it is now a reality. The electrical

energy can be economically transmitted

without wires to any terrestrial distance; many

researchers have established innumerous

observations.

Scientists stated estimated that using these

kinds of technologies it takes 12 seconds of

charging which will support 1 minute of

additional talk-time and 2 minutes of charging

will support 4 minutes of video watching. This

new technology is very useful but suffers from

a disadvantage that is the transmitted

power must be twice of that of the received

power. This device finds it use in times of

emergencies.

G.Likhitha S. Pranaya Reddy B.Divya Rani,

IV Yr, ECE IV Yr, ECE III Yr, EEE

“Success is not a thing to be waited for, it is a thing to be achieved!” - Samar Mansour 2


First mirror imaged molecule found

in interstellar space

handed molecules. Both are easily

synthesized in the lab. Then some process,

perhaps incoming star light, preferentially

destroyed one - handedness, leaving only

the other to form life.

Life tends to be left-handed. Certain

molecules have mirror-image versions of

themselves, but have different physical and

chemical properties. This chemical

property, well known as chirality, is found

within all organic life forms. But the origin

of this property remains a mystery.

A team led by Brett McGuire of the National

Radio Astronomy observation in Virginia

and Brandon Carroll at the California

Institute of Technology have detected the

first chiral molecule of propylene oxide

within an enormous star-forming cloud of

gas and dust only 390 light-years away.

Although propylene oxide isn’t necessary

for life, both the scientists of the team are

excited that there are probably chiral

molecules in the interstellar space that we

associate with life too. “The really cool

thing is that life – for reasons we don’t

understand – selected one chirality for

some of its molecules over another,” says

McGuire. For example, amino acids are left

– handed, where as the sugars that make

DNA are always right handed.

A. Naga Yamini

II Yr, ECE

Ultrathin Solar Cells

MIT researchers have created the thinnest,

lightest solar power cells yet – so

lightweight that they can be draped on top

of a soap bubble without popping it.

Researchers made all three parts of solar

cell (the cell, the supportive substrate, and

the protective coating) at the same time, a

method that cuts down on performance –

harming contaminants. The substrate and

coating are made from parylene, which is

flexible polymer, and the component that

absorbs light was made from

dibutylphthalate. The thickness of this solar

cell is about 1/50th thickness of a strand of

hair.

Carroll suspects that nature first produced

an equal number of right – and left –

"Things work out best for those who make the best of how things work out." - John Wooden 3


The new devices are also super light-weight

, weighing only about 0.01 lbs. per square

yard(3.6 grams per square meter).In

comparison typical piece of office paper

weighs about 20 times more. These

ultrathin, super-light, flexible solar cells

could power next-generation portable

electronics.

P.Geethasri

III Yr,ECE

Fusion of Quantum physics and

Genetic engineering

Have you all ever thought what would be

the upshot of blend of Quantum Physics

and Genetic Engineering? Well, here is the

outcome of it. Massachusetts Institute of

Technology (MIT) have managed to

genetically enhance a virus that can

improve the efficiency of solar cells in

transporting energy.

improved viruses are designed, that enable

the Solar Cells to generate energy with

nearly double efficiency. When compared

to plants, the solar cells stand nowhere

when it comes to the efficiency. Therefore,

the study of ‘quantum mechanics’ (also

referred as quantum weirdness) involved in

photosynthesis helped in improving the

functioning of the solar cells. This quantum

mechanics in plants allows the existence of

a particle in more than one place at a

particular instant of time.

In photosynthesis, when a photon hits a

receptor called chromophore, quantum

particle called exciton is produced. An

exciton transfers from one receptor to

another until it reaches a reaction centre to

harness the energy. Percentage of

efficiency depends on the path chosen by

the exciton to reach the reaction centre.

Unless the exciton takes the best way,

maximum efficiency is not possible. For this

to be accomplished, chromophores should

be arranged with the right amount of gap

between them. This can be done based on

the‘Quantum Goldilocks Effect’. Using this

concept, genetically engineered viruses are

bonded to their multiple synthetic

chromophores or organic dyes. Viruses with

variable spacing are produced in between

the chromophores and the efficiency is

tested and concluded which spacing gives

the best efficiency. Eventually, the speed of

excitons was also improved by more than

200 percent.

By exploiting the technique used by the

plants in photosynthesis, genetically

"Opportunities don't happen. You create them." - Chris Grosser 4


It is also to be noted that the excitons now

travelled a much larger distance before

dissipating the entire energy.

However, the study is still under preliminary

stages, but it has paved a way for a better

future. In this period of sparse energy and

non-renewable energy sources being on the

verge of exhaustion, this way of efficient

solar energy passes on sighs of relief by a

promising alternative.

The 3Doodler works by extruding heated

plastic that cools almost instantly into a

solid, stable structure, allowing for the freehand

creation of three-dimensional objects.

It utilizes plastic thread made of either

acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ("ABS"),

polylactic acid ("PLA"), or “FLEXY”, thermal

polyurethane (“TPU”) that is melted and

then cooled through a patented process

while moving through the pen, which can

then be used to make 3D objects by hand.

The 3Doodler has been described as a glue

gun for 3D printing because of how the

plastic is extruded from the tip, with one

foot of the plastic thread equaling "about

11 feet of extruded material".

Know-how is required:

M.BindhuBhavani,

II Yr ECE

Three Dimensional Printing Pen

(3Doodler)

Inventors Max Bogue and Peter Dilworth

have invented a unique pen that draws in

the air. A colourful spool of plastic thread is

fed into the pen.

The thread is then extruded as heated

plastic that cools and solidifies instantly as it

exits the tip.This allows solid 3D structures

to be drawn on any surface or from any

surface into the air.The pen, called a

3Doodler, weights approximately 7 ounces

(198 g) and is 7 inches (17.7 cm) long. It

requires no technical knowledge or

software and plugs into an electrical outlet.

The co-inventors met while working for

WowWee, a company based in Hong Kong

that develops consumer technologies..

The 3Doodler doesn’t require any technical

knowledge to use it. You don’t even need a

computer to get going — just load in the

plastic, heat it up and start doodling! This

feature makes it an easy sell for people who

don’t want to invest a huge sum of time and

money into getting a full-scale 3D printer

and learning the necessary coding skills.

Fastness:

The 3Doodler heats up in one to two

minutes, and after that it’s ready to draw.

Since everything created with the device is

made in real time, it’s many times faster

than conventional 3D printers.

"Try not to become a person of success, but rather try to become a person of value." -Albert Einstein 5


It will certainly be cheaper than, say, a

Makerbot Replicator, so it’s just a matter of

time before public interest takes hold and

the 3Doodler is a mainstay in the toolbox of

many an artist.

digital or hybrid hardware.

2. Functional equivalence:

Model the behaviour of biological systems,

not their structure. IBM is making

significance contribution to the synapse

project .This synapse chip system have 10

billion neurons and 100 trillion synapses.

D. Ramya Sri

III yr, IT

Cognitive Computing

IBM WATSON

It is a new era of computing, it’s a

cognitive computing. Generally we humans

understand something and to make

decision we undergo 4 key steps:

1. We observe visible phenomenon.

2. Interpret what we have to understand

what it means.

3. We evaluate which is right or wrong.

4. Finally we decide choosing the option

that is best and acting accordingly.

So, we can say that with cognitive

computing we can build a system which act

and think like humans.

Cognitive computing involves self-learning

systems that use data mining, pattern

recognition and natural language

processing similar to the way the human

brain works. We will teach computers to

recognize analog whether it is natural

languages, visual images and then

interpreting them and translating them and

making sense of them.

Two major approaches to cognitive

computing:

1. Neuromorphic architectures:

Computer or device-level systems

modelled after biological systems or

components, such as neurons and synapses.

These may be implemented in analog,

D.Priyanka

IV Yr,ECE

World's fastest computer -china

The Sunway TaihuLight at the National

Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, China, was

ranked as the world's fastest

supercomputer on a Top500 list. It runs on

a homegrown ShenWei processor and is

capable of 93 petaflops (million billion

floating point operations per second)

of sustained performance.

"Success is the sum of small efforts, repeated day-in and day-out." Robert Collier 6


Its peak performance can reach 125.4

petaflops, and a monster 260-core chip.

Each chip delivers a performance of 3

teraflops, which is rated as being on par

with Intel's latest Xeon Phi chip codenamed

Knights Landing. That chip is rated

as one of the company's fastest. The

Chinese supercomputer has a staggering

10,649,600 cores over 40,960 nodes. It was

developed by the National Research Center

of Parallel Computer Engineering and

Technology. China is also the first country

to make a supercomputer that passes 100

petaflops in performance.

Countries are in a race to make a computer

that can deliver a performance of an

exaflop, or a million trillion calculations per

second. It is a 64-bit RISC processor, which

Top500 speculates is based on the DEC

Alpha architecture. The supercomputer has

1.3 petabytes of the older DDR3 memory,

and uses 15.3 megawatts of power, making

it more power-efficient .

Body Interfacing

One of the newest inventions in interface

devices is Skinput. This invention allows the

surfaces of your body to be used as a touchscreen.An

armband projects the image of a

menu or keyboard onto your hand or

forearm. This armband also contains an bioacoustic

sensor that can detect and analyze

sound frequencies. Because of bone

density, joints, and soft tissue, different

locations on the body have different

acoustic properties.

When you tap your finger on different parts

of your body it creates a unique frequency

based on the specific area. Skinput can

detect what part of a projected image you

are touching and in turn can transmit a

wireless signal to a computer, smart phone

or other device. Skinput was created by the

project team of Desney Tan, a senior

researcher in the Visualization and

Interaction Area at Microsoft Research; Dan

Morris, a researcher in the Computational

User Experiences at Microsoft Research;

K.Pavithra

IV Yr,IT

“Discipline is the bridge between goals and accomplishment. “ - Jim Rohn 7


and Chris Harrison, a third year P.H.D

student in the Human-Computer Interaction

Institute at Carnegie Mellon University.

V.Varsha Sri

IIIYr,IT

like whatever they look like at the time. For

this we need to replace our screen

protector with Maxis screen savour

protector and then select the picture. Lick

the food taste the food in the savour. We

can have our missed meal, taste before we

order,try strangers food, skip the queue.

Screen Savour:

Maxis Savour, the screen protector was

apparently made of seafood ingredients

that deliver a dose of Omega fatty acids

with every lick. All for just 0.5calories, too!

The Screen Savour takes on the flavour

profile of any food item on your mobile

screen. The Screen Savour is made of

pigment containing cells called

chromatophores taken from an octopus

which can change colour as well as being

delicious. When a picture appears under

the Screen Savour sheet, the

chromatophores change colour to make an

exact replica of that picture. They fused this

with a smartchip with cells from an electric

eel, so that the chip is able to produce

bioelectrical pulses that force the

chromatophores to release oils which taste

Roshini yasala

II Yr,EEE

Smart contact lens

Google Contact Lens is a smart contact

lens project announced by Google on 16

January 2014. The project aims to assist

people with diabetes by constantly

measuring the glucose levels in their tears.

The project is being carried out

by Verily and it is currently being tested

using prototypes. The lens consists of

a wireless chip and a miniaturized glucose

sensor .A tiny pinhole in the lens allows for

tear fluid to seep into the sensor to

measure blood sugar levels. Both of the

sensors are embedded between two soft

layers of lens material. The electronics lie

outside of both the pupil and the iris so

there is no damage to the eye. There is a

wireless antenna inside of the contact that

is thinner than a human’s hair, which will

act as a controller to communicate

information to the wireless device.

“Without hard work and discipline it is difficult to be a top professional.” -Jahangir Khan 8


The controller will gather, read, and analyze

data that will be sent to the external device

via the antenna. Power will be drawn from

the device which will communicate data via

the wireless technology RFID .Plans to add

small LED lights that could warn the wearer

by lighting up when the glucose levels have

crossed above or below certain thresholds

have been mentioned to be under

consideration. Challenges presented by

such a technology are that the LED lights

contain the toxic metal arsenic. The

performance of the contact lenses in windy

environments and teary eyes is unknown.

The prototypes being tested can generate a

reading once per second.

The product was created by Brian Otis and

Babak Parviz .

This research and technology can be used

to develop advanced medical and vision

devices for future generations.

K. Mamini,

IV Yr, IT.

Need hair? Press “print”

MIT researchers designed arrays of hair-like

structures with a resolution of 50 microns -

about the width of a human hair.

the angle of the bristles, the pads can stick

to together with varying forces. For sensing,

the researchers printed a small furry rabbit

figure, equipped with LED lights that light

up when a person strokes the rabbit in

certain directions. To see whether 3Dprinted

hair can help or move objects, the

team fabricated a weight-sorting table

made from panels of printed hair with

specified angles and heights. As a small

vibration source shook the panels, the hairs

were able to move coins across the table,

sorting them based on the coins' weight

and the vibration frequency. JifeiOu, a

graduate student at Massachusetts Institute

of Technology (MIT) in the US said that the

work is inspired by hair-like structures in

nature, which provide benefits such as

warmth, in the case of human hair, and

movement, in the case of cilia, which help

remove dust from the lungs. To 3D-print

hair using existing software, designers

would have to model hair in CAD, drawing

out each individual strand, then feed the

drawing through a programme that

represents each hair's contour as a mesh of

tiny triangles. The programme would then

create horizontal cross sections of the

triangle mesh, and translate each cross

section into pixels, or a bitmap, that a

printer could then print out, layer by layer.

“To know, is to know that you know nothing. That is the meaning of true knowledge.”-Socrates 9


Ou said designing a stamp-sized array of

6,000 hairs using this process would take

several hours to process. To design hair, the

researchers built a new software platform

to model first a single hair and then an

array of hairs, and finally to print arrays on

both flat and curved surfaces.

It helps you solve problems like forgotten

passwords, security badges and has

potential to be all in one replacement for

drivers license, keychains, business cards,

credit cards etc. Soon cell-phone will take a

new form having no form at all. IBM has

developed a prototype of cell-phone that

consists of several pieces of digital jewellery

that will work together wirelessly, with

Bluetooth wireless-technology.

Surapaneni. Divya Sri

III Yr, CSE

Trendy Tomorrow

In the computer fashion wave, “Digital

Jewellery” looks to be the next sizzling

fashionable trend. The combination of

shrinking computer devices and increasing

computer power has allowed several

companies to begin producing fashion

jewellery with embedded intelligence. By

the end of the decade we could be wearing

our computers instead of sitting in front

them. Digital Jewellery is fashion jewellery

embedded with intelligence.

Components: Speakers embedded into

earrings will be the phone’s receiver,

necklace embedded microphone to talk and

magic decoder ring flashes for phone calls

and emails piling up in our inbox and

urgency of mails.

Technical-Specifications:

Digital jewellery consists of a display screen

of 7-16-segments, LED, LCD’s. The main idea

behind this to have convenience of wireless

and wearable computers while fashionably

sound.

S. Sai Sushmitha

II Yr, CSE

“To acquire knowledge, one must study; but to acquire wisdom, one must observe. “-Marilyn vos Savant 10


Project Jacquard: Google’s plan to

make our clothes go Techy

Technology is being woven into our very

clothes. Google has a new technology that

can turn any type of fabric into a connected

device. World's first smart denim jacket

that's being built in collaboration

between Google and Levi Strauss &co

(American Jeans and Casual wear

manufacturer).It is Google’s plan to weave

touch controls into textiles right on the

loom .The idea is that you’ll then be able

to swipe and tap the fabric to do things like

control music or get directions

New conductive yarns that Google's

Advanced Technology and Products (ATAP)

team created with industrial partners

combine thin metallic alloys with natural

and synthetic yarns like cotton, polyester,

or silk .Using this yarns, cloth makers can

weave touch and gesture sensitive areas at

desirable locations on the textile. Sensor

grids can also be woven throughout the

textile to create interactive surfaces. Touch

and gesture input is wirelessly transmitted

to the wearer's Smartphone or other

mobile gadget. In this way a wearer can tap

the surface to start a playlist while biking

across town.

Levi’s is making a black jean jacket

embedded with jacquard sensors. The

Jacquard sensor and controls are located on

the sleeve of the jacket. Such uses include

changing music while on a bike and

receiving a tap when to make a turn. Like

other clothing, it can be easily washed

without damaging the technology. Jacquard

weaves sensors into the textile, which can

be used to control phones and other

devices. For example, a user can control

music and increase the volume by tapping

on the sleeve of the jacket. Technology is

embedded in the fabric.

Capsule Endoscopy

B. Bhavani

III yr, CSE

Capsule endoscopy is a way to record images of

the digestive tract for use in medicine. The

capsule is the size and shape of a pill and

contains a tiny camera. After a patient swallows

the capsule, it takes pictures of the inside of the

gastrointestinal tract. The primary use of

capsule endoscopy is to examine areas of the

small intestine that cannot be seen by other

types of endoscopy such as colonoscopy or

esophagogastroduodenoscopy (ECD)

“Knowledge has to be improved, challenged, and increased constantly, or it vanishes.”-Peter Drucker 11


HoloLens- Microsoft’s Most Insane

Invention

Developers will soon get their first

opportunity to create apps and games for

Microsoft’s HoloLens mixed reality headset,

which adds holographic computer images to

the wearer’s physical environment.

Medical uses:

Capsule endoscopy is used to examine parts

of the gastrointestinal tract that cannot be

seen with other types of endoscopy. Upper

endoscopy, also called EGD, uses a camera

attached to a long flexible tube to view the

oesophagus, the stomach and the beginning

of the first part of the small intestine called

theduodenum.

Capsule endoscopy is useful when

disease is suspected in the small intestine,

and can sometimes diagnose sources of

occult bleeding [blood visible

microscopically only] or causes of

abdominal pain such as Crohn's disease,

or peptic ulcers.

Capsule endoscopy transfers the captured

images wirelessly to an external receiver

worn by the patient using one of

appropriate frequency bands. The collected

images are then transferred to a computer

for diagnosis, review and display. A

transmitted radio-frequency signal can be

used to accurately estimate the location of

the capsule and to track it in real time

inside the body and gastrointestinal tract.

S.Apoorwa

IIYr, CSE

It includes a holographic version of the

Skype communications app and a worldexploring

app called HoloTour. Games are in

the mix too, like crime

drama Fragments and platformer Young

Conker, both of which turn players’ physical

environments into the game space.

“It is amazing how different the play

experience feels based on playing the game

in your living room versus your kitchen or

your bedroom,” writes Microsoft’s Kudo

Tsunoda in a blog post. “Even starting the

game from a different position in a single

room creates an entirely new game play

dynamic.”

Microsoft is shipping its futuristic headset

to developers just as the first mainstream

virtual reality devices are starting to arrive.

The Facebook-owned Oculus VR’s Rift

goggles are expected to ship at the end of

March, while HTC’s Vive virtual reality

eyewear is coming in April.

“ Ignorance is the curse of God; knowledge is the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.”- William Shakespeare 12


Although the HoloLens experience might

sound similar to virtual reality, it’s notably

different. Unlike VR headsets, the HoloLens

projects three-dimensional holograms onto

the real world around a wearer, meaning

the actual environment around a user is still

visible. The HoloLens is a self-contained

Windows 10 computer to be worn on the

face with which wearers can interact

through gestures, gaze, and voice

commands.

With this an able-bodied person

can communicate with a deaf person by just

speaking to the device. The device will then

show the words that were said

on its display so that the deaf could read

the message. This displayed message

can also be verbally read by the device if

wanted. This function allows conversation

to be possible even between the deaf and

the blind. For example it can speak to a

blind person what a Deaf person says;

however, for a Deaf person it takes a voice

and transforms it to sentence structure.

Stick talk device

Aakanksha Shastri

II Yr, CSE

Korean designer Sungjun Cha has come

up with a design concept that will enable

an able bodied people to communicate with

the disabled people, called "Stick Talk

Device" .This device helps you communicate

with people who have hearing difficulties

and who are visually handicapped, even if

you don’t know how to read Braille and sign

language.

M . Sai Prathyusha

II Yr, CSE

Scientists Discover How to ‘Upload

Knowledge to Your Brain’

Researchers claim to have developed a

simulator which can feed information

directly into a person’s brain and teach

them new skills in a shorter amount of time,

comparing it to “life imitating art”. They

believe it could be the first steps in

developing advanced software that will

make Matrix-style instant learning a reality.

Researchers from HRL Laboratories, based

“The best preparation for tomorrow is doing your best today.”-H. Jackson Brown, Jr. 13


in California, studied the electrical signals in

the brain of a trained pilot and then fed the

data into novice subjects as they learned to

pilot an aero plane in a realistic flight

simulator. The study published in the

journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience,

found that subjects who receive brain

simulation via electrode embedded head

caps improved their piloting abilities and

learned the task 33 per cent better than a

placebo group.

When you learn something, your brain

physically changes. Connections are

made strengthened in a process called

neuro-plascity. It turns out that certain

functions of the brain, like speech and

memory, are located in very specific regions

of the brain and that brain stimulation

could eventually be implemented for tasks

like learning to drive, exam preparation and

language learning.

However, scientists are still busy working to

find out a solution to the battery problem.

A new device has been come into existence.

Zinc Oxide has been employed to harness

vibrations that have been caused by sounds

and transform them into electricity.

Generation of voltage takes place via nanorods

by conversion of kinetic energy

into electrical energy by stretching or

squashing the zinc oxide. By providing

electrical contacts on both ends of the rods,

one is able to harvest enough electrical

energy. The end product would be about

the size of a mobile phone itself.

G.T. Lakshmi Saranya

III Yr,EEE

Temporary tattoo could let diabetics

monitor glucose levels without

jabbing themselves

S.SUSMITHA

II Yr, CSE

Charge your phone by SHOUTING at

it

Smart phones are the most crucial everyday

item justified owing to the huge number of

tasks.

Injections are a popular mode for delivering

drugs in order to prevent and treat various

diseases. But it is an invasive method of

drug administration as it causes tissue

damage.

“ If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.” - Milton Berle 14


Injections can be a source of disease

transmission, particularly when needles are

re-used and used incorrectly.

After the tattoo is applied to the patient, a

"very mild" electrical current is also applied

to their skin. This causes sodium ions in the

fluid between their skin cells to migrate

toward the electrodes. Those ions carry

glucose molecules from the fluid with them.

Using a built-in sensor, the tattoo then

measures the strength of the electrical

charge produced by that glucose. As a

result, it's able to ascertain the glucose

levels in the patient's bloodstream.

Although the tattoo currently doesn't

provide a numerical readout of those levels,

a separate device is being developed for

that very purpose. The team is also working

on making the tattoos more durable, as

they currently last for about a day once

applied to the skin – fortunately, they're

very inexpensive.

J.Tara,

III Yr, EEE

Scientific Street Lamps to prevent

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever has become widespread in

the tropical world, causing as many as 390

million infections per year in 128 different

countries. In order to eradicate this a street

lamp, called the Eco-Greenergy outdoor

lighting system.

This is meant to bring better light sources to

the cities and remote communities while

also fighting mosquito-borne disease.

It consists of an LED street lamp that

produces low levels of carbon dioxide to

mimic odors associated with humans,

attracting the insects. The level of carbon

dioxide emitted by the light is kept low to

minimize emissions, but is still very

attractive to mosquitoes. Mosquitoes enter

a trap through windows on the top of the

lamp, and are pulled into a net and kept

there by a suction fan. The light functions

entirely on wind and solar energy and is

self-sustaining, meaning it can supply basic

electricity even in very remote areas. The

battery, electrical wiring, and controller are also

installed on the top of the light pole, so that the

light can even continue to function during

floods.

“Nothing is impossible, the word itself says 'I'm possible! “ - Audrey Hepburn 15


Although LED lights can last much longer than

conventional street lighting, they are still quite

expensive.

completed, the nano-robots would be flushed

from the body.

P.Tejasree,

II Yr,ECE

Host

WBC

HIV

Virus

Infected

WBC

Anti HIV Using Nano-robots

Nano-robots are nano devices that will be

used for the purpose of maintaining and

protecting the human body against

pathogens and the operations are

performed on nano metrics.

There is no technology for the

treatment of AIDS. To make the treatment

more specific, we use the nano devices

that use nano-sensors to sense the AIDS

infected WBC’s.

Nano-robot in Nanoscale

According to current theories, nanorobots

will possess rudimentary two-way

communication; will respond to acoustic

signals; and will be able to receive power from

an external source via sound waves. A network

of special stationary nano-robots might be

strategically positioned throughout the body,

logging each active nano-robot as it passes, and

then reporting those results, allowing an

interface to keep track of all of the devices in

the body. A doctor could not only monitor a

patient’s progress but change the instructions

of the nano-robots in vivo to progress to

another stage of healing. When the task is

Restored

WBC

Solar Tree

Nano

robot

T.Sudeepthi,

IV yr EEE.

Infected

WBC

Now days with the growing population and

energy demand we should take a renewable

option of energy source. A solar tree is a

decorative means of producing solar energy

and also electricity. It uses multiple no of

solar panels which forms the shape of a tree

and the panels are like leaves of the tree

which produces energy. We can also use

the technique called “SPIRALLING

PHYLLATAXY” to improve the efficiency of

the plant. It can be applied in street

lightening system, industrial power-supply

etc.

“Believe you can and you're halfway there. “-Theodore Roosevelt 16


TREE stands for T= TREE GENERATING,

R=RENEWABLE, E=ENERGY and

E=ELECTRICITY. For conversion of solar

radiation into usable form, the routes are:

solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and solar

architecture. Advantages of it are No air

pollution, People in poor country would

have access to electricity, People can save

money and Land requirement is very less.

Its disadvantages are Cost is high, May

cause hazards to the birds and insects.

Beyond just looking different, monohms

Runcible is made for people who are turned

off by the hyper-connectedness of typical

smart phones. The Runcible is roughly the

size of a coffee coaster and features a 2.5

inch round screen with a resolution of 640 X

640 pixels. It is powered by a Qualcomm

Snapdragon 410 with 1GB of RAM and 8GB

of storage, WiFi, Bluetooth 4.1. Further,

there is a 7MP rear camera that is located in

the middle of the device. This small mobile

device has the basic features of a smart

phone, but its design is intended to create a

much different experience. The company to

its device as an “anti-smart phone”, which is

designed to refocus users’ attention on real

people and the real world. We must

appreciate to see a startup trying

something different.

D.Durga Bhavani

IV Yr,ECE

SMARTly designed Phone

K.Praveena

IV Yr, ECE

MEMS mike for 'zero power' event

detection

Have you ever imagined a smart phone

which is circular in shape rather than the

bar shaped phones we carry? US based

startup Monohm recently launched its

circular smartphones named ‘Runcible

Babbage’ and solid wood back ‘Runcible

Lovelace’.

The first commercially available quiescent

sensing MEMS device, launched by Vesper,

“ Great dreams of great dreamers are always transcended.”- A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 17


is said to open the possibility of acoustic

event detection devices consuming almost

no power.

The VM1010 is a single ended

analogue piezoelectric MEMS microphone

said to consume 3µA while in listening

mode. According to Vesper, the device

features a rugged piezoelectric transducer

that is immune to environmental

contaminants, making it suitable for

outdoor use as well as in kitchens and cars.

“The VM1010 is the only device

that uses sound energy to wake a system

from full power down,” said Matt Crowley,

CEO, Vesper. “Even when fully powered off,

batteries in smart phones and smart

speakers naturally dissipate 40 to 80µA,

which is far more current than VM1010

needs. This means there is no difference in

battery-life for a system using VM1010 in

listening mode and a fully powered down

conventional system. “Once embedded in a

voice powered TV remote control or smart

speaker, for example, VM1010 could allow

you to turn on your device from across the

room without having to push a button and

without diminishing battery life.”

MEMRISTOR

Pinipe Suma

IVyr, ECE.

A Memristor, or memory+ resistor, is described

as one of the basic elements (resistor,

capacitor, Inductor) of electronic circuits; it

can’t be replaced by any combination of these

elements. Computers today have

to boot from hard drives because the data is

erased from operating memory immediately

after the computer is turned off. The process of

booting takes much time and energy.

Memristors could be used for loading data

quicker because it remembers data even after

power interruption. Therefore, they could be

used to speed the booting process. As shown in

the figure electricity runs through water flow by

which resistors size is changed. When no power

is supplied the diameter remains same as this

helps it to hold data even when the power is

turned off.

A memristor-driven computer would arguably

never need a reboot. You could leave all your

Word files and spreadsheets open, turn off your

computer, and “go get a cup of coffee or go on

vacation for two weeks,” When you come back,

you turn on your computer and everything is

instantly on the screen exactly the way you left

it. That’s how they work. The whole synapse

idea is to do essential analog computation in an

efficient manner.

M. Soujanya

III Yr,ECE

“Great works are performed not by strength but by perseverance.”- Samuel Johnson 18


DOLFI

We believe that the best technologies have

their roots in nature. Ultrasonic technology

is widely used for precise cleaning in

industry and medicine – watches, jewellery

etc.

With this we can save on dry cleaning cost

or for delegates and you won’t run out of

fresh clothes on your travels. You can even

buy any kind of fashion you like and not

worry about the "Hand wash only" label.

One can easily carry this to any place as a

mobile charger.

Exactly in the same way now this ultrasonic

technology is now used for washing clothes.

How does it work?

It's amazingly simple... Put your clothes in

waterproof container; add water, detergent

and Dolfi. Switch the device on and enjoy

your free time!

The device will glow blue as it softly cleans

your clothes. Blue light indicates ultrasound

vibrations in the water. After only 30-40

min, your clothes will be fresh and clean.

Rinse them and hang to dry – you can wear

your favorites again the next morning! Its

powerful multi-frequency transducer

creates precisely modulated wideband

progressive sound waves, which travel

through water and form microscopic highpressure

bubbles. The tiny bubbles then

implode, creating millions of micro-jet liquid

streams. Those invisible yet powerful

streams safely wash away all dirt from

fabric.

K.Tejaswini

III Yr,ECE

Green clothing from recycled plastic

bottles

There was a time when used plastic bottles

were a threat to the environment. Today, it

is being used positively to manufacture

garments. In fact, many people are wearing

this green garment made from used water

bottles. In the current scenario of textile

pollution, choosing green clothing is a sign

of being responsible and sensible towards

environment.

With the help of advanced technology, first

of all the plastic bottles are collected,

compressed, packed into bales and shipped

to the processing factory. Then, the plastic

bottles are chipped and melted into white

round balls which are again crushed and

spun through shower like nozzle that results

into viscose yarn.

“Yesterday is not ours to recover, but tomorrow is ours to win or lose.”- Lyndon B. Johnson 19


These yarns are used to weave fabrics and

finally end up into a trendy piece of

clothing. This process also consumes 30%

less energy than garments which are made

from conventionally manufactured

polyester. It is proven that recycling plastic

reduces pollution.

Using pillows with conducting fibres in the

fabric, it will be possible to see or monitor

electrical activity from the brain.

This will not only show when someone is

dreaming, but also able to tell what they

are dreaming about.

jeans made out of plastic bottles

It is also possible (with prior agreement

presumably, and when both people are in a

dream state at the same time) for two

people to share dreams. One could try to

steer a friend’s dream in the same

direction, so that they could effectively

share a dream, and may even be able to

interact in it.

K . Krishna Sree Sai

Dream Linking

Sarvani. K

III Yr,EEE

Dreams are successions of images, ideas,

emotions, and sensations that occur usually

involuntarily in the mind during certain

stages of sleep.

II Yr,IT.

Space X Dragon

Dragon is a free-flying spacecraft designed

to deliver both cargo and people to orbiting

destinations.

Dragon is a spacecraft developed by

SpaceX, an American private space

transportation company based in

“The noblest search is the search for excellence.”- Lyndon B. Johnson 20


Hawthorne, California. It’s manufacturer is

SpaceX .

Dragon Version 2, along with Boeing’s CST-

100, as the nation’s new taxi to and from

the International Space Station.

This technology should be gentler, to

protect delicate instruments, and more

accurate, to deliver the craft’s seven

passengers with the precision of a

helicopter.

It is the only spacecraft currently flying that

is capable of returning significant amounts

of cargo to Earth. Currently Dragon carries

cargo to space, but it was designed from

the beginning to carry humans.

It is just like a cab that we take help of to

travel to over desired destination.

SpaceX is made from both safety and

efficiency in Dragon’s design. Most

spacecraft, including the Soyuz capsules

that currently dynamic astronauts, depend

on parachutes to slow their re-entry speed,

which makes for a rough landing.

This may even would help us to create man

living on any of over desired planet. As all of

us have been hearing travelling and leaving

on other planet, which will be becoming

true in just few years by this magnificent

innovation which would lead to a great

change in our entire world.

Dragon can also be prepped for re-launch in

weeks, dramatically reducing mission

turnaround time and potentially saving

millions of dollars. As a result, the final

frontier will become more accessible than

ever.

Prathi Sai Harika

II Yr,CSE

This year, SpaceX unveiled one of the first

privately developed manned spacecraft. A

few months later, NASA officially selected

“You have to dream before your dreams can come true”- A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 21


Contact Us :

BVRIT Hyderabad College of Engineering for Women

Plot No. 8-5/4, Rajiv Gandhi Nagar Colony,

Nizampet Road, Bachupally,

Hyderabad-500090.

Phone: 040 - 4241 7773

Email: info@bvrithyderabad.edu.in, principal@bvrithyderabad.edu.in

Technical Magazine : newsletter@bvrithyderabad.edu.in

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