5 Poland or immigrants from Arab countries, and although the country has not had any terrorist attacks, our polling indicates that Polish people feel the biggest problem currently facing Poland is Islamic terrorism. This is especially true for, but not limited to, Law and Justice supporters. According to Law and Justice party supporters, the three biggest problems facing Poland are Islamic terrorism, followed by Russian resurgence (40 per cent) and – again – immigration (37 per cent). In contrast, supporters of the oppositional centre-right Civic Platform perceive the undermining of democracy and the rule of law as being the biggest of Poland’s problems (51 per cent), followed by economic instability and growing social conservatism (35 per cent each) (table 5). One may conclude that while opposition to refugees from Muslim countries is certainly not confined to the Law and Justice constituency, the political priorities of the supporters and opponents of the Law and Justice party government are very different. Public debate during the crisis focused on the muchmaligned obligatory quotas. There is a widely accepted narrative that Germany made a mistake in accepting refugees and Berlin was trying to shirk its responsibilities by forcing quotas, supported by the European Commission. Table 6 Respondents’ views on whether Polish society becoming more ethnically and religiously diverse has changed society for the better or for the worse Total (%) Law and Justice party supporters (%) Civic Platform supporters (%) Has changed society for the better Has changed society for the worse 23 22 32 40 46 37 Neither 13 11 11 Don’t know 24 21 19 Source: YouGov polling for Demos.
335 According to the Demos survey, 4 in 10 Poles think that the fact that society is becoming more ethnically and religiously diverse is a change for the worse. Similar percentages believe in the conspiracy theory, promoted by right-wing websites and social media, that ‘supporters of migration from Muslim countries want to destroy traditional Polish and Christian values’ (table 6). Table 7 The extent to which respondents agreed with the statement ‘Supporters of migration from Muslim countries want to destroy traditional Polish and Christian values’ Total (%) Law and Justice party supporters (%) Civic Platform supporters (%) Strongly agree 23 34 12 Tend to agree 19 24 16 Neither agree nor disagree 23 24 23 Tend to disagree 15 6 23 Strongly disagree 14 3 24 Don’t know 8 9 3 Agree 42 58 28 Neither agree nor disagree 23 24 23 Disagree 29 9 47 Source: YouGov polling for Demos.