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Demos-Nothing-To-Fear-But-Fear-Itself

Demos-Nothing-To-Fear-But-Fear-Itself

Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Foreword Introduction Great Britain – ‘It’s who you know’: exploring the factors behind the UK’s vote to leave the EU France – Living together in the face of fear: the French political dilemma Germany – Mind the gap: understanding public opinion and elite interpretations of EU concerns in Germany Spain – The Spanish exception: unemployment, inequality and immigration, but no right-wing populist parties Poland – When fear wins: causes and consequences of Poland’s populist turn Sweden – The immigration country in the North Responding to the politics of fear: principles for good leadership, government and policy-making 11 14 51 127 175 227 305 375 423

  • Page 1: “ Mapping and responding to the r
  • Page 4 and 5: First published in 2017 © Demos. S
  • Page 7: Open access. Some rights reserved.
  • Page 12 and 13: Foreword being displaced or ignored
  • Page 14 and 15: Introduction Introduction There is
  • Page 16 and 17: Introduction ·· citizens: includi
  • Page 18 and 19: Context and background Context and
  • Page 20 and 21: Context and background major dividi
  • Page 22 and 23: Context and background of austerity
  • Page 24 and 25: Context and background positively t
  • Page 26 and 27: Context and background While often
  • Page 28 and 29: Context and background Debates abou
  • Page 30 and 31: Context and background been damaged
  • Page 32 and 33: Cross-national surveys Cross-nation
  • Page 34 and 35: Cross-national surveys Attitudes to
  • Page 36 and 37: Cross-national surveys Pessimism On
  • Page 38 and 39: Cross-national surveys Figure 6 Per
  • Page 40 and 41: European case studies European case
  • Page 42 and 43: Notes Notes 1 Sample sizes: France
  • Page 44 and 45: Notes 16 M Canovan, ‘Trust the pe
  • Page 46 and 47: Notes 33 J Bartlett, J Birdwell and
  • Page 48 and 49: References Bayer L, ‘Why central
  • Page 50 and 51: References Runciman D, ‘How the e
  • Page 52 and 53: Contents 1 What we already know abo
  • Page 54 and 55: 1 Great Britain Part 1 is divided i
  • Page 56 and 57: 1 Great Britain These effects were
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    1 Great Britain cultures of those c

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    1 Great Britain Economic factors A

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    1 Great Britain of Leave vote at ce

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    1 Great Britain parties in Europe:

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    1 Great Britain Trust in national a

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    1 Great Britain to vote Leave. 67 I

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    1 Great Britain two months of the o

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    1 Great Britain of networks matters

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    1 Great Britain 2 Original analysis

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    1 Great Britain Regression models w

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    1 Great Britain Figure 1 The relati

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    1 Great Britain Figure 2 shows the

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    1 Great Britain Figure 4 The relati

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    1 Great Britain Those who think tha

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    1 Great Britain the eventual outcom

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    1 Great Britain Technical appendix

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    1 Great Britain Variable Scale Expl

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    1 Great Britain With this new basel

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    1 Great Britain Table 5 The main Br

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    1 Great Britain Table 7 Brexit mode

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    1 Great Britain Table 9 Brexit mode

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    1 Great Britain Table 11 Brexit mod

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    1 Great Britain Table 13 Brexit mod

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    1 Great Britain Table 15 Brexit mod

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    1 Great Britain Table 17 Brexit mod

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    1 Great Britain young-people-refere

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    1 Great Britain briefing-61-regiona

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    1 Great Britain 43 S Harper, ‘Com

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    1 Great Britain www.britishelection

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    1 Great Britain 76 HD Clarke, M Goo

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    References 1 Great Britain ‘Expla

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    1 Great Britain Dahlgreen W, ‘Eur

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    1 Great Britain Harper S, ‘Combin

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    1 Great Britain Polonski V, ‘Impa

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    2 France - Living together in the f

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    129 Summary How do we live with fea

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    131 French déclinisme Anyone who h

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    133 outside the political world (fo

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    135 Figure 1 Responses by survey re

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    137 1 Fear, a structuring element o

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    139 A more structural issue: French

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    141 Figure 4 Responses by survey re

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    143 than 1 in 2 (53 per cent) Frenc

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    145 Figure 7 Responses by survey re

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    147 paradoxically this is the age g

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    149 Commission. Similarly, nearly 1

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    151 ‘racist’ (figure 15). With

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    153 Figure 12 Responses by survey r

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    155 Figure 14 Responses by survey r

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    157 Figure 16 Responses by survey r

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    159 3 French citizens are increasin

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    161 In today’s European political

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    163 in question. Thus, when asked a

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    165 It would probably be possible t

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    167 9 Ibid, p 392. 10 YouGov survey

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    169 21 E Maurin, La peur du déclas

  • Page 171 and 172:

    171 References Bertoncini Y, ‘Eur

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    173 Hobeika A and Villeneuve G, Les

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    3 Germany - Mind the gap: understan

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    177 Summary Germany has long been v

  • Page 179 and 180:

    179 Introduction Germany has long b

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    181 German political elites. We com

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    183 Elite interviews with political

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    185 Results Sizeable numbers of Ger

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    187 I have honestly never heard of

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    189 In other words, when we compare

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    191 Figure 5 Fears of respondents b

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    193 Figure 8 Fears of respondents b

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    195 a loss in social security, for

  • Page 197 and 198:

    197 Figure 10 Fears of respondents

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    199 What we have seen are repeated

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    201 This difference is also apparen

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    203 Those politicians who perceive

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    205 one’s individual preferences.

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    207 Politicians focus on measures t

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    209 It doesn’t happen often that

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    211 of Germany’s future strategy

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    213 Recommendations In order to clo

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    215 to understand and address citiz

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    217 Appendix 1: Survey questions -

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    219 Comparative questions across co

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    221 Germany-specific questions ··

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    223 Notes 1 Demos, ‘The Age of Fe

  • Page 225 and 226:

    225 References ‘The sick man of t

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    4 Spain - The Spanish exception: un

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    229 Introduction Very few European

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    231 Figure 1 Average net migration

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    233 The crisis has provoked a very

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    235 Figure 6 Percentage of populati

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    237 embezzled by politicians. This

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    239 2 Public opinion: a weak nation

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    241 the left, the definition of Spa

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    243 The European identity of Spanis

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    245 Our own polling also shows ther

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    247 Table 4 The proportion of Spani

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    249 Figure 11 The views of responde

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    251 Table 6 Respondents’ answers

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    253 reappraising their nationhood,

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    255 Table 8 The proportion of respo

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    257 Figure 17 The extent to which r

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    259 potential negative consequences

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    261 Table 11 Spanish respondents’

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    263 Figure 18 Respondents’ views

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    265 centre-right reformist group, w

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    267 compassion are central in its i

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    269 recentralise the semi-federal S

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    271 Conclusions Looking at the seve

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    273 obtain some success in Spain. T

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    275 Appendix 1: Attendants at the m

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    277 Total (%) Partido Popular (%) P

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    279 Total (%) Partido Popular (%) P

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    281 Total (%) Partido Popular (%) P

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    283 Total (%) Partido Popular (%) P

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    285 Total (%) Partido Popular (%) P

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    287 Total (%) Partido Popular (%) P

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    289 Total (%) Partido Popular (%) P

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    291 manuscript_the_populist_radical

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    293 wps/portal/rielcano_es/observat

  • Page 295 and 296:

    295 32 European Commission, L’opi

  • Page 297 and 298:

    297 References and bibliography Alo

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    299 González-Enríquez C, ‘El de

  • Page 301 and 302:

    301 Meseguer XC, Ultrapatriotas, Ex

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    5 Poland - When fear wins: causes a

  • Page 305 and 306:

    305 Summary Poland has often been p

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    307 recognition of his (and Poland

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    309 things. 6 Statistics showed tha

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    311 but gained a new, elegant and e

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    313 elected five judges to be sworn

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    315 party government and former com

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    317 transformation, however, was an

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    319 Taking into account the whole p

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    321 of Poles have assessed the poli

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    323 From 2013 onwards the ruling co

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    325 approximately 16 billion PLN (r

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    327 2 Globalisation and European in

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    329 These general pro-European atti

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    331 victory in the 2015 elections w

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    333 Table 5 Respondents’ answers

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    335 According to the Demos survey,

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    337 Our polling demonstrates that t

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    339 majority of Poles (70 per cent)

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    341 In order to understand the proc

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    343 to almost half a million. 69 Th

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    345 supported the protest against a

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    347 grounds for the rise of authori

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    349 has generated an unprecedented

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    351 www.Cbos.pl/SPISKOM.POL/2016/K_

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    353 18 A Smale and J Berendt, ‘Po

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    355 32 C Mudde, ‘The populist rad

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    357 44 D Hall and A Mikulska-Jolles

  • Page 359 and 360:

    359 60 Fomina and Kucharczyk, ‘Th

  • Page 361 and 362:

    361 pl/191829,nauczycielki-przedszk

  • Page 363 and 364:

    363 References ‘Bronisław Komoro

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    365 Davis C, ‘Poland is “on roa

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    367 Hutter S and Kriesi H, ‘Movem

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    369 Piechowiak Ł, ‘Zarobki w Uni

  • Page 371:

    371 TVN24, ‘Przyjdzie dzień, że

  • Page 374 and 375:

    Contents Introduction 1 Identity an

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    6 Sweden Key statistics for Sweden

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    6 Sweden crises also contributed to

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    6 Sweden Third, restrictions on fam

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    6 Sweden the Sweden Democrats, a cr

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    6 Sweden 1 Identity and political n

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    6 Sweden among mainstream politicia

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    6 Sweden What are the consequences

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    6 Sweden attended by the public as

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    6 Sweden among immigrants, construc

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    6 Sweden to the ‘People’s Home

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    6 Sweden Our vision is built on the

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    6 Sweden 3 Public opinion on nation

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    6 Sweden On a scale from 0 to 10, w

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    6 Sweden it is the Sweden Democrats

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    6 Sweden strong negative correlatio

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    6 Sweden Moderate party and the Chr

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    6 Sweden Notes 1 YouGov surveyed ad

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    6 Sweden 15 E Lycke, ‘Hård kriti

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    6 Sweden radical right’, Nations

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    6 Sweden 46 R Johnston et al, ‘Na

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    6 Sweden Eger MA and Valdez S, ‘N

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    6 Sweden Migrationsverket, ‘Bevil

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    6 Sweden Statistiska Central Byrån

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    Contents Introduction 1 Promote saf

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    Conclusions 7 Responding to the pol

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    You may not exercise any of the rig

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    There is a spectre haunting Europe:

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