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Demos-Nothing-To-Fear-But-Fear-Itself

Demos-Nothing-To-Fear-But-Fear-Itself

1 Great Britain Table 9

1 Great Britain Table 9 Brexit model with attitudes to women in work leave Coef. Robust Std. Err. z P>¦ z ¦ (95% Conf. Interval) age3 25–34 1.474622 0.5638878 2.62 0.009 0.3694224 2.579822 35–44 1.649226 0.5662371 2.91 0.004 0.5394219 2.759031 45–54 1.833732 0.5643447 3.25 0.001 0.7276364 2.939827 55–64 1.830715 0.5387474 3.4 0.001 0.7747893 2.737435 65+ 1.663679 0.5478446 3.04 0.002 0.5899236 2.737435 education1 -0.5391039 0.0767285 -7.03 0 -0.6894891 -0.3887187 1.white 1.191468 0.5900896 2.02 0.043 0.0349137 2.348022 religion1 Christian 0.5323742 0.2253474 2.36 0.018 0.0907015 0.9740469 other religion 0.3832696 0.5345351 0.72 0.473 -0.6643999 1.430939 1.ruralla 0.6702096 0.2142258 3.13 0.002 0.2503348 1.090084 incomenom1 under £1,520pm -0.6311579 0.378092 -1.67 0.095 -1.372205 0.1098887 over £3,160 -2.354791 0.5772421 -4.08 0 -3.486164 -1.223417 male male -0.7205906 0.2978646 -2.42 0.016 -1.304394 -0.1367868 socdifcountry yes -1.076872 0.2892838 -3.72 0 -1.643857 -0.5098858 incomenom1#socdifcountry under £1,520pm#yes 0.0157121 0.4302462 0.04 0.971 -0.8275549 0.8589791 over £3,160#yes 1.685102 0.5934232 2.84 0.005 0.5220142 2.84819 incomenom1#male under £1,520pm#male 0.7785664 0.4263135 1.83 0.068 -0.0569928 1.614126 over £3,160#male 1.475785 0.6018073 2.45 0.014 0.2962639 2.655305 womenwork1 better -1.014215 0.2285272 -4.44 0 -1.46212 -0.5663098 _cons 0.1007031 0.8255299 0.12 0.903 -1.517306 1.718712 Logistic Regression Number of obs = 692 Wald chi2(20) = 171.23 Prob > chi2 = 0 Log pseudolikelihood = -334.82753 Pseudo R2 = 0.2465

99 Table 10 Brexit model with attitudes to ethnic and religious diversity leave Coef. Robust Std. Err. z P>¦ z ¦ (95% Conf. Interval) age3 25–34 1.282488 0.5413378 2.37 0.018 0.2214852 2.34349 35–44 1.502042 0.5649804 2.66 0.008 0.3947006 2.609383 45–54 1.700371 0.5595347 3.04 0.002 0.6037027 2.797038 55–64 1.584298 0.5214252 3.04 0.002 0.5623238 2.606273 65+ 1.414513 0.5403797 2.62 0.009 0.3553881 2.473638 education1 -0.4796191 0.0847807 -5.66 0 -0.6457862 -0.313452 1.white 0.7109843 0.6266295 1.13 0.257 -0.517187 1.939156 religion1 Christian 0.4856132 0.2373345 2.05 0.041 0.0204461 0.9507804 other religion 0.602837 0.4746672 1.27 0.204 -0.3274935 1.533168 1.ruralla 0.5678419 0.2191492 2.59 0.01 0.1383174 0.9973665 incomenom1 under £1,520pm -0.6655545 0.3890372 -1.71 0.087 -1.428053 0.0969445 over £3,160 -2.291817 0.5929367 -3.87 0 -3.453952 -1.129683 male male -0.6653625 0.3144853 -2.12 0.034 -1.281742 -0.0489826 socdifcountry yes -1.145391 0.3136778 -3.65 0 -1.760188 -0.530594 incomenom1#socdifcountry under £1,520pm#yes 0.1526358 0.4513572 0.34 0.735 -0.732008 1.03728 over £3,160#yes 1.738443 0.623701 2.79 0.005 0.516011 2.960874 incomenom1#male under £1,520pm#male 0.8504372 0.4508759 1.89 0.059 -0.0332634 1.734138 over £3,160#male 1.174471 0.6182012 1.9 0.057 -0.0371814 2.386123 multicultural1 better -1.555394 0.2198987 -7.07 0 -1.986387 -1.1244 _cons 0.6147333 0.8670532 0.71 0.478 -1.08466 2.314126 Logistic Regression Number of obs = 679 Wald chi2(20) = 191.23 Prob > chi2 = 0 Log pseudolikelihood = -310.2622 Pseudo R2 = 0.2864

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    “ Mapping and responding to the r

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    First published in 2017 © Demos. S

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    Open access. Some rights reserved.

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    11 Foreword Nothing to Fear but Fea

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    13 FORES in Sweden, the Institute o

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    15 rising tide that cuts across tra

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    17 diversity), and political leader

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    19 trends in Austria, where the Fre

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    21 refugees of ‘bringing in all k

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    23 themselves embodying the fear of

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    25 ‘wrong-headed doctrine’, and

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    27 While the Central European case

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    29 Europe, but the politics of fear

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    31 of European identity - attachmen

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    33 Euroscepticism In every country,

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    35 Figure 2 Views of respondents in

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    37 Political trust We also asked ou

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    39 significantly less support in th

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    41 - internationally and intranatio

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    43 els/soc/OECD2014-Social-Expendit

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    45 25 R Wodak and S Boukala, ‘Eur

  • Page 47 and 48: 47 References ‘Denmark suspends q
  • Page 49 and 50: 49 European Commission, Standard Eu
  • Page 51 and 52: 1 Great Britain - ‘It’s who you
  • Page 53 and 54: 53 1 What we already know about Bre
  • Page 55 and 56: 55 compared with 59 per cent of tho
  • Page 57 and 58: 57 This leads the authors to conclu
  • Page 59 and 60: 59 think it is vital to let Europea
  • Page 61 and 62: 61 between areas hit hardest by aus
  • Page 63 and 64: 63 wealthy towns in the south of En
  • Page 65 and 66: 65 Similarly strong predictive powe
  • Page 67 and 68: 67 Anti-immigrant sentiment In addi
  • Page 69 and 70: 69 External and campaign factors Th
  • Page 71 and 72: 71 One caveat of this research is t
  • Page 73 and 74: 73 vote (and indeed on populism in
  • Page 75 and 76: 75 As part of this project, we comm
  • Page 77 and 78: 77 Table 1 Predicted probability of
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  • Page 83 and 84: 83 Table 3 Predicted probability of
  • Page 85 and 86: 85 Over recent decades the world ha
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  • Page 89 and 90: 89 ·· relative employment depriva
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  • Page 93 and 94: 93 regardless of the possible impor
  • Page 95 and 96: 95 Table 6 Brexit model with socdif
  • Page 97: 97 Table 8 Brexit model with attitu
  • Page 101 and 102: 101 Table 12 Brexit model with atti
  • Page 103 and 104: 103 Table 14 Brexit model with atti
  • Page 105 and 106: 105 Table 16 Brexit model with pref
  • Page 107 and 108: 107 Notes 1 D Runciman, ‘A win fo
  • Page 109 and 110: 109 org/2016/07/brexit-vote-boosts-
  • Page 111 and 112: 111 29 Jun 2016, http://bruegel.org
  • Page 113 and 114: 113 53 R Stubager, ‘Education eff
  • Page 115 and 116: 115 71 Ashcroft, ‘How the United
  • Page 117 and 118: 117 84 Goodwin and Heath, ‘Brexit
  • Page 119 and 120: 119 Bell T, ‘The referendum, livi
  • Page 121 and 122: 121 brexit-and-the-left-behind-thes
  • Page 123 and 124: 123 Katwala S, Rutter J and Balling
  • Page 125: 125 Stokes B, ‘Euroskepticism bey
  • Page 128 and 129: Contents Summary Introduction 1 Fea
  • Page 130 and 131: Introduction 2 France Fear exists i
  • Page 132 and 133: 2 France of reasons. It affects how
  • Page 134 and 135: 2 France impetus that originates in
  • Page 136 and 137: 2 France Another illustration of Fr
  • Page 138 and 139: 2 France Figure 2 Responses by surv
  • Page 140 and 141: 2 France Slightly more French peopl
  • Page 142 and 143: 2 France The situation in Poland, f
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    2 France 2 Elections at a time of p

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    2 France These results are particul

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    2 France Figure 11 Responses by sur

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    2 France One of the parties that is

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    2 France the idea of ‘plain speak

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    2 France The fact that these two is

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    2 France Figure 17 Responses by sur

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    2 France As in the YouGov survey, D

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    2 France Conclusion: the need to pu

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    2 France Notes 1 F Furedi, ‘The p

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    2 France 15 A de Montigny, ‘Selon

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    2 France 31 On this topic, see Y Be

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    2 France urgence-conduit-a-des-abus

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    Vie Publique, ‘Trente ans de lég

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    Contents Summary Introduction Metho

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    3 Germany politicians have difficul

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    3 Germany among the German public s

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    Methodology 3 Germany To further th

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    3 Germany Figure 1 Areas represente

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    3 Germany Taking a closer look at t

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    3 Germany When looking at all the c

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    3 Germany with different demographi

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    3 Germany Figure 7 Fears of respond

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    3 Germany feeling of insecurity ont

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    3 Germany Insight 3: Concerns about

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    3 Germany of the politicians interv

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    3 Germany Figure 11 Fears of respon

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    3 Germany I haven’t heard anyone

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    3 Germany Figure 13 Fears of respon

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    3 Germany issues that are the EU’

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    3 Germany are able to draw on compa

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    Conclusions 3 Germany Using the lat

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    3 Germany concerns and alleviating

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    3 Germany Provide avenues for knowl

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    3 Germany public-elite comparisons

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    3 Germany ·· €1,351-1,660 ··

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    3 Germany ·· Q5. Which of the fol

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    3 Germany a Angela Merkel b The Ger

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    3 Germany 6 T Lochocki, The Unstopp

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    3 Germany European Parliament, Stan

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    Contents Introduction 1 Migration,

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    4 Spain 1 Migration, economic crisi

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    4 Spain During the rapid economic e

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    4 Spain Figure 4 GDP (adjusted for

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    4 Spain Figure 8 Household expendit

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    4 Spain In short, high levels of mi

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    4 Spain of them also illiberal, wer

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    4 Spain Figure 9 The proportion of

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    4 Spain This Europeanism presents i

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    4 Spain Table 3 The views of respon

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    4 Spain The acceptance of globalisa

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    4 Spain Figure 13 The views of resp

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    4 Spain Increased acceptance of dif

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    4 Spain Table 7 The percentage of r

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    4 Spain Figure 15 Views of responde

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    4 Spain Table 9 The extent to which

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    4 Spain Table 10 Respondents’ vie

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    4 Spain are most inclined to vote f

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    4 Spain 3 Electoral and party polit

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    4 Spain The extreme right was disco

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    4 Spain towns, although none of the

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    4 Spain emphasising unity and the l

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    4 Spain cradles of successful natio

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    4 Spain of the population supportin

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    4 Spain Appendix 2: Results of the

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    4 Spain Total (%) Partido Popular (

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    4 Spain Total (%) Partido Popular (

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    4 Spain Total (%) Partido Popular (

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    4 Spain Total (%) Partido Popular (

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    4 Spain Total (%) Partido Popular (

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    4 Spain Total (%) Partido Popular (

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    4 Spain Notes 1 Jose Pablo Martíne

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    4 Spain Material deprivation covers

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    4 Spain 23 European Commission, Sta

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    4 Spain See Centro de Investigacion

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    4 Spain European Commission, ‘Pub

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    4 Spain INE, ‘Padrón municipal

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    4 Spain paper presented at the 12th

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    Contents Summary Introduction 1 Soc

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    5 Poland Introduction - what happen

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    5 Poland the Hungarian political sc

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    5 Poland the Law and Justice party,

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    5 Poland giving the winner an absol

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    5 Poland and to tire out the domest

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    5 Poland 1 Social cohesion and econ

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    5 Poland and an inflow of European

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    5 Poland The second factor is the p

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    5 Poland seems economic indicators

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    5 Poland occupational qualification

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    5 Poland Table 2 Respondents’ ans

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    5 Poland Table 3 Respondents’ vie

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    5 Poland Despite the generally posi

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    5 Poland not the Law and Justice pa

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    5 Poland or immigrants from Arab co

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    5 Poland Post-election developments

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    5 Poland 3 Social conservatism and

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    5 Poland women’s empowerment, LGB

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    5 Poland women’s access to legal

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    5 Poland commentators did not expec

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    5 Poland Conclusions - resilience a

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    5 Poland The rise of authoritarian

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    5 Poland Notes 1 YouGov surveyed ad

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    5 Poland Since then, the near absen

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    5 Poland 24 World Bank, ‘GINI ind

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    5 Poland European Union’, Standar

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    5 Poland migrants-asylum-poland-kac

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    5 Poland 67 In 1993 60 per cent sup

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    5 Poland 82 Fomina and Kucharczyk,

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    5 Poland Boguszewski R, ‘Nastroje

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    5 Poland Faiola A, ‘In Poland, a

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    5 Poland Kucharczyk J and Zbieranek

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    5 Poland Public Opinion Research, 2

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    6 Sweden - Sweden: the immigration

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    375 Introduction In Swedish migrati

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    377 migrants came mainly as family

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    379 Citizens from outside the EU ar

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    381 2018 elections. The Sweden Demo

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    383 Figure 3 The proportion of Swed

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    385 science: national identity is t

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    387 During the refugee crisis of 20

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    389 and immigrants even when suppos

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    391 2 Analysis and results The main

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    393 she suggested that the ‘migra

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    395 emphasised, this crisis came ac

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    397 directed towards Swedishness in

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    399 which leads voters to connect S

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    401 exclusively of people with a ci

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    403 Table 3 confirms the findings i

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    405 Summary and discussion During 2

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    407 rhetoric of the Christian Democ

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    409 6 Migrationsverket, ‘Asylsök

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    411 22 H Oscarsson and A Bergström

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    413 37 P Mouritsen and TV Olsen,

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    415 References ‘Historiskt högt

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    417 Jenkins R, Social Identity, Lon

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    419 Regeringskansliet, ‘Regeringe

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    7 Responding to the politics of fea

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    423 Introduction This project has i

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    425 In responding to the current fe

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    427 in facilitated discussion to es

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    429 2 Reconnect ‘political elites

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    431 background is also central to r

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    433 Boost the accountability of EU

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    435 3 Make the case for openness an

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    437 communities and country’s pla

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    439 1.8 million signatures, predomi

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    441 4 Counter post-truth narratives

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    443 organisation’ 30 - including

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    445 - whether through public policy

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    447 8 C Malmström, ‘Shaping glob

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    449 24 J Haidt, ‘The ethics of gl

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    451 References Arthur J and Kristj

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    453 European Ombudsman, ‘Ombudsma

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    Demos - License to Publish The work

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    This project is supported by The ca

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