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Figure 29: Average

Figure 29: Average Household Size per Province RESPONDENTS’ HOUSEHOLD OWNERSHIP AND ACCESS TO UTILITIES As discussed in Chapter 1, a majority of respondents reported owning their homes. The rate and formality of home ownership varied considerably by province. In Eastern and Western Provinces, almost all respondent households owned their homes, but very few households had titles or deeds for their properties. In Lusaka Province, 44 percent of respondent households owned their homes, and a majority of households who owned their homes had titles or deeds for their properties. In contrast, in Copperbelt Province, respondent households were more likely to rent (58 percent) than own their dwellings (36 percent) Figure 30: Household Ownership by Province The total sample reported acquiring water through some form of community or open-access source. Looking at the provinces individually, however, shows that the sites differed on their primary sources of water. In Copperbelt Province, for example, a vast majority of respondents reported accessing water through a faucet or tap within the home. In Lusaka Province, a large share of respondents also reported this, but respondents were also likely to report accessing water through a private borehole or a community borehole. Respondents in Eastern Province were most likely to access their water through a community borehole, and respondents in Western Province were most likely to access their water through a community well. Go To Menu 49

Figure 31: Water Access by Province Less than half of the sample reported having access to grid electricity. This is due to the very low levels of electrification in the Eastern and Western Provinces though, as a majority of respondents in Copperbelt and Lusaka Provinces reported having grid access. For respondents who did have access to grid electricity, the average length of access was roughly 11 hours per day. Figure 32: Access to the Electrical Grid by Province LIVELIHOODS AND POVERTY SCORES Using the same livelihood codes that we introduced in Chapter 2, we were able to breakdown which livelihoods were most common in each province. Farmers, for example, were more likely to be found in Eastern Province than in other provinces, while micro-retail businesses were more likely to be found in Western Province. Formal workers had a greater presence in Copperbelt Province than in other provinces. 50 Go To Menu

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