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Taking a closer look at

Taking a closer look at respondents’ basic service expenses shows that respondents spent the most per week on transport and the least on health. Their most common purchase, however, was airtime, grouped into “Communication,” where respondents reported making an airtime purchase once almost every three weeks. Table 35: Household Spending, Basic Services Amount per Week (ZMW) Count of Transactions per Week Transport 8.0 0.18 Communication 6.0 0.30 Service 4.8 0.10 Education 5.6 0.05 Health 1.4 0.03 Total 25.8 0.66 Building on our discussion on gender and income segments’ household spending compositions, we took a similar look at what the different spending patterns were across the four provinces. We see that respondents in Copperbelt Province outspent the other provinces in every category except for discretionary items. This is due to respondents in this province earning greater amounts of income per week, on average. Thus, they were able to spend more in most categories. Eastern Province typically spent the least; though, this again was not true for discretionary items. This is due to respondents in this province spending more on agriculturallyrelated purchases which we classified as discretionary. Figure 35: Distribution of Household Spending by Province Go To Menu 55

Reviewing the livelihoods’ spending priorities, we see that dependents spent the most per week, on average, on food. This makes sense given that they often purchased the household’s necessities. Formally-employed respondents spent the most on basic services, household items, special events, and discretionary items. This is due to their higher incomes that allowed them to spend more on these categories. Although farmers spent significantly less than formally employed respondents on discretionary items, they spent the second highest amount on this category. Again, this is due to the classification of agricultural items as being discretionary. Figure 36: Distribution of Household Spending by Livelihood A look into the seasonal spending of male and female respondents shows that both genders experienced similar trends in the spending throughout the year. For example, both men and women increased their spending leading up to the Christmas holidays and immediately after the hunger period up through the summer holidays. The only real difference between the genders’ spending behaviors occurred between October and November, around the second harvest season, when women slightly increased their spending from week to week while men did not. 56 Go To Menu

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