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ENERGY POVERTY HANDBOOK

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eferences acer/ceer (2013) Annual Report on the results of monitoring the internal electricity and natural gas markets in 2013. Luxembourg. acer/ceer (2014) Annual report on the results of monitoring the internal electricity and natural gas markets in 2014. Luxembourg. bouzarovski, s. (2014) Energy poverty in the European Union; landscapes of vulnerability. WIREs Energy Environ, 3: 276–289. consumers future unit (2016) Taking the temperature: a review of energy efficiency and fuel poverty schemes in Scotland. Scotland. cpec (2013) Over-indebtedness of European Households: updated mapping of the situation, and causes, effects and initiatives for alleviating the impact. Berlin: CPEC. eapn (2010) Working Paper on Energy Poverty. Brussels: EAPN. eapn (2010-2016) Reports of the European Meetings of People experiencing Poverty. Brussels: EAPN. energy action scotland (2016) Fuel Poverty Overview - Scotland. Retrieved from: http://www.eas.org.uk/en/fuel-poverty-overview_50439/ Accessed: 25-07-2016. epee (2009) Tackling Fuel Poverty in Europe: Recommendations and Guide for Policy Makers. Brussels: EPEE. epee project (2009) European Fuel Poverty and Energy Efficiency. Brussels: EPEE. eurostat (march 2016) Statistics explained: Europe 2020 poverty and social exclusion indicators. Luxembourg. fankhauser, s. t. c. (2005) Can poor consumers pay for energy and water? London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. federal constitutional court (2014) Pressemitteilung des Bundesverfassungsgerichtes zum o.g. Urteil Randbuchstabe. Berlin. harrington, b. e., heyman, b., merleau-ponty, n., stockton, h., ritchie, n. and heyman, a. (2005) Keeping warm and staying well: findings from the qualitative arm of the Warm Homes Project. Health & Social Care in the Community, 13: 259–267. healy, j. d. (2004) Quantify the severity of fuel poverty, its relationship with poor housing and reasons for non-investment in energy savings measures in Ireland. Energy Policy, 32: 207-220. king baudouin foundation (2015) Barometer of energy precarity (2009-2013). Brussels: King Baudouin Foundation. maria jeliazkova, p. b. (2014) Energy Poverty, the three pillars approach. Annual Convention for the European Platform against Poverty, Energy Poverty Workshop. Brussels. marmot review team (2010) Fair society, healthy lives: a strategic review of health inequalities in England post 2010. London. marmot review team (may 2011) The health impacts of cold homes and fuel poverty. London: FOE and UCL. national records of scotland (2016) Winter Mortality in Scotland 2014/15. Scotland. preston, i., white, v., blacklaws, k. and hirsch, d. (june 2014) Fuel and Poverty: A rapid evidence assessment for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. UK. pye, s., dobbins, a., baffert, c., brajković, j., grgurev, i., de miglio, r. and deane, p. (2015) Energy poverty and vulnerable consumers in the energy sector across the EU: analysis of policies and measures. INSIGHT_E. scottish fuel poverty forum (2015) Fuel poverty and poverty briefing note. Scotland. scottish government (2002) The Scottish Fuel Poverty Statement. Scotland thomas, s. (september 2008) Poor Choices: the limits of competitive markets in the provision of essential services to low income consumers. London. velody, m. c. m. (2003) A regional review of social safety net approaches in support of energy sector reform. Washington, DC: US Agency for International Development. walker, r., thomson, h. and liddell, c. (2013). Fuel Poverty 1991-2012: Commemorating 21 years of action, policy and research. University of Ulster and University of York. 36 SOCIAL CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF ENERGY POVERTY SOCIAL CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF ENERGY POVERTY 37

HEALTH IMPACTS OF COLD HOUSING AND ENERGY POVERTY 1 angela tod university of sheffield harriet thomson university of manchester introduction A range of adverse health and well-being outcomes are caused or worsened by cold weather and living in under-heated homes, resulting in extensive costs to society. Furthermore, mortality and morbidity is most commonly experienced by those in energy poverty and/or with an additional vulnerability (Marmot Review Team, 2011). This chapter seeks to provide an overview of the known outcomes associated with cold homes, by way of case studies, and references to scientific and policy literature. We start with the issue of cold-related mortality, which is often talked about in terms of excess winter deaths. It has been estimated that energy poverty causes almost 40,000 excess winter deaths in 11 European countries each year (Braubach et al., 2011). Our attention then turns to cold-related morbidity, in terms of impacts to physical health, psychological health and mental wellbeing, and social health and isolation. Here we outline the cumulative nature of the health impacts associated with living in cold housing. Subsequently, we consider some of the present and future challenges relating to research, policy and practice on the health impacts of cold housing and energy poverty, before offering a number of conclusions and policy recommendations. cold-related mortality Population vulnerability to both high and low outdoor temperatures has long been recognised within peer-reviewed scientific journal articles, as well as in policy guidance from influential public bodies such as The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE, 2015), leading to the funding of projects such as EuroMOMO (European Monitoring of Excess Mortality for Public Health Action). HEALTH IMPACTS OF COLD HOUSING AND ENERGY POVERTY 39

ENERGY POVERTY HANDBOOK
ENERGY POVERTY HANDBOOK
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