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24 SENATE Tuesday, 14 February 2017 good, high-paying jobs for average Australians. This is because a cheap energy in this country means we can have dear wages in those industries. Since we have cheap energy, we can have industries like an aluminium sector, which provides thousands of jobs for Australians who just want to have a good job to provide for their families—people like Tim Price, who lives down the road from me and works at the Boyne Island smelter in Gladstone. His job relies on coal. There is no other way around it. If it were not for the Gladstone Power Station just down the road from the Boyne Island smelter, there would not be a Boyne Island smelter in Gladstone. That smelter employs around 1,000 Queenslanders. It needs a cheap energy source to be able to survive, and it is only because we have that highquality cheap resource close to Gladstone and the Bowen Basin that we can have those jobs. This government wants to protect those jobs. We want to keep those jobs here. We want to keep those high wages for Tim and others at the Boyne Island smelter. May I say, traditionally and before, the Labor Party used to support those jobs too. They were their people; they were their jobs. But, right now, they are deserting those people at the Boyne Island smelter because they are turning their back on coal. If you do not support a coal industry—if you do not support coal-fired power—we will not make aluminium in this country and we will not have jobs for people like Tim at the Boyne Island smelter. On this side of the place, we support those jobs. We support people like Tim. He is a hard worker. We should back him, and we should back our coal industry. The PRESIDENT: Senator O'Sullivan, a supplementary question? Senator O'SULLIVAN (Queensland) (14:48): I note that around the world there are 216 coal-fired power stations being built. Many of these are supercritical or higher technology. Can the minister appraise the Senate of the contribution that clean, green coal technology could make to Australia's resources sector? Senator CANAVAN (Queensland—Minister for Resources and Northern Australia) (14:48): The senator is absolutely right about the hundreds of coal-fired power stations that are being built around the world. There are thousands that are being planned or are in construction around the world, and many of them are using the latest technologies that produce less carbon emissions than current coal-fired power stations. To go back to real-world examples, I will use the Boyne Island Smelter. I think what is important to note is that the Gladstone Power Station that powers that smelter is 40 years old. It has a capacity of 1,680 megawatts. It is a big power station. At some point in the future, possibly in the next decade—the Boyne Island smelter has a contract with them for the next decade, and it runs out at the end of 2020—we will need to look at refurbishing or replacing it. We would be mad not to look at the latest technologies being installed and used in our region to replace that technology. If we ignore those technologies, we most likely will not have those thousand jobs in Gladstone that I want to protect and this government wants to see survive. The PRESIDENT: Senator O'Sullivan, a final supplementary question? Senator O'SULLIVAN (Queensland) (14:49): I know the minister knows the answer to my next question. Is the minister aware of any alternative energy policies? Senator CANAVAN (Queensland—Minister for Resources and Northern Australia) (14:49): As I said earlier, we used to have a Labor Party in this country that supported workers and supported a coal sector. Indeed, it was only as recently as the Rudd and Gillard governments, when they sought to unnecessarily, in my view, impose a carbon tax on this country. They did modelling, and they said that we would still have coal going out into the future. Now we have a Labor Party that has subscribed to a view that we should shut down all of our coal-fired power stations in this country. We had a Senate inquiry report endorsed by Labor senators last year just before Christmas—endorsed by the shadow minister, Mark Butler—that said we should shut all our coal-fired power stations in this country. Apparently we can still export the coal to other countries, like Japan and China. They can make the aluminium for us, and we can import it back here for our planes and for our cars. We can still enjoy the resource but not have the jobs. We will not have the jobs if we do that. Well, we back jobs on this side of the chamber, and that is why we back coal-fired power and we back our aluminium sector. Defence Land Acquisition Senator WATT (Queensland) (14:50): My question is to the Minister for Defence, Senator Payne. On what date did the minister first advise the Minister for Resources and Northern Australia, Senator Canavan, or the member for Capricornia, Michelle Landry, about the possibility of compulsory acquisitions as part of the expansion of the Shoalwater Bay training area and Townsville field training area under the military training agreement with Singapore? CHAMBER

Tuesday, 14 February 2017 SENATE 25 Senator PAYNE (New South Wales—Minister for Defence) (14:51): I do not have that detail with me. To the best of my recollection, those discussions were held in October. If that is not correct, I will of course adjust the record. The PRESIDENT: Senator Watt, a supplementary question? Senator WATT (Queensland) (14:51): Why did the minister deceive the voters of Capricornia by not telling them before the 2016 federal election that the expansion of the Shoalwater Bay and Townsville training areas involved compulsory land acquisitions? Senator PAYNE (New South Wales—Minister for Defence) (14:51): I completely reject the premise of the senator's question. There are, in fact, no compulsory land acquisitions underway. I would also remind the senator that this is a very important strategic undertaking both for Australia and Singapore. It is a significant engagement between Australia and Singapore. The planning process for this, which those opposite are singularly incapable of appreciating, is extensive and lengthy and is, indeed, still underway. They appear completely oblivious to the important opportunities available for Central and North Queensland in relation to the investment, and that is hardly surprising because they have no plan for Queensland whatsoever. The PRESIDENT: Senator Watt, a final supplementary question? Senator WATT (Queensland) (14:52): Did the minister discuss her plan to withhold the information before the election from the people of Capricornia with the Prime Minister, his office or any other member of the coalition government? Senator PAYNE (New South Wales—Minister for Defence) (14:52): As I said yesterday, I was preliminarily advised about the potential requirements for training area expansion in June 2016. Considerable planning continued in the Department of Defence during that time. It was the subject of internal activities, not external discussions. International Development Assistance Senator BACK (Western Australia) (14:53): My question is to the Minister for International Development and the Pacific, Senator Fierravanti-Wells. Can the minister update the Senate on how the Turnbull government is working to improve health outcomes in our region? Senator FIERRAVANTI-WELLS (New South Wales—Minister for International Development and the Pacific) (14:53): I thank Senator Back for his question. The Turnbull government is committed to helping build strong health systems in our region because, by supporting our neighbourhood, we are responding to health threats. Health security is very important to regional security. Over the next four years, Australia will contribute $250 million to Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, which is a public-private global health partnership. Gavi is an important partner for Australia in the fight to reduce child mortality and to enhance regional health security. Gavi supports vaccines that save lives and addresses the common causes of childhood illness and death, such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and measles by helping low-income countries procure new and underused vaccines at globally low prices. In Asian and the Pacific, more than 230 million children have been immunised with Gavi's support. That is more than 22 million children in Indonesia, 600,000 children to our north in Papua New Guinea and 80,000 children in the Solomon Islands. Many vaccine-preventable diseases no longer affect Australian children, but they are still too common in developing countries, including in our own neighbourhood. We do not want them back in our country. Therefore, our commitment is essential. It is also excellent value for money. For every dollar that Australia has committed to Gavi, it has provided $12 to countries in Asia and the Pacific. Since 2001, Gavi has committed $3 billion to vaccine support— (Time expired) The PRESIDENT: Senator Back, a supplementary question. Senator BACK (Western Australia) (14:55): The Australian community can be proud of those statistics. Can the minister outline the importance of partnering with Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, in health outcomes across our region? Senator FIERRAVANTI-WELLS (New South Wales—Minister for International Development and the Pacific) (14:55): We value our partnership with Gavi because of the work that it does with the private sector. It reduces prices and ensures supply of quality vaccines to countries that need them the most. Private sector engagement is essential as part of our successful results in increasing our aid in the region and our aid effort broadly in the Indo-Pacific. In addition to the financial contribution that we have made to Gavi, we are also a very active member of the Gavi board where we advocate for the interests of the Indo-Pacific region to ensure that Gavi's operations are both effective and efficient. It is policies like these that help developing countries. It helps to keep their children free CHAMBER

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