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a2-change-status-mr-jw-9-feb-2017

36 Table 5: Difference

36 Table 5: Difference in Difference Estimates: A2 v A8 2013-14: Welfare Benefits (residence > 1 year) Unemployment Benefit Income Support Sickness Benefit Child Benefit Tax Credits Housing Benefit Social Housing A2 -0.021** -0.005 -0.004 -0.078** -0.097** -0.057** -0.067** (0.005) (0.003) (0.005) (0.024) (0.020) (0.018) (0.014) After -0.004 -0.005** -0.003 -0.014 -0.019 -0.015 -0.005 (0.004) (0.002) (0.003) (0.012) (0.011) (0.008) (0.009) After*A2 0.010 0.006 0.002 0.031 0.025 0.003 0.002 (0.006) (0.005) (0.005) (0.028) (0.025) (0.019) (0.016) Constant 0.031 -0.012 0.034 -0.526** -0.075 0.059 0.455** (0.035) (0.099) (0.021) (0.085) (0.079) (0.071) (0.098) Observations 11,625 11,625 11,625 11,625 11,625 11,625 11,625 R-squared 0.029 0.015 0.039 0.182 0.066 0.031 0.114 Estimates include same set of controls as in Table 3 column 3. Robust standard errors in parentheses clustered at individual level, ** p

37 TABLES IN APPENDIX (Tables A1-A3) Table A1 Characteristics of A2 migrants, A8 migrants and other individuals in the UK’s Labour Force Survey, 2007-2015 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Population 16-64 (000s) A2 40 60 80 110 130 140 180 210 260 A8 530 610 610 690 810 870 880 1050 1150 Others 35,300 35,300 35,400 35,500 35,400 35,500 35,300 35,300 35,200 Employed % A2 86.7 83.6 77.7 77.6 77.4 74.3 74.1 78.6 77.7 A8 82.3 82.8 82.0 82.3 82.0 79.8 79.1 81.6 84.2 Others 72.6 72.4 70.7 70.3 70.2 70.8 71.5 72.6 73.4 Self-Employed % A2 38.1 35.0 45.0 31.0 29.0 36.9 42.7 35.9 22.1 A8 9.5 9.8 10.3 8.4 10.6 11.5 11.9 10.3 11.6 Others 9.1 9.0 8.9 9.1 9.1 9.4 9.4 10.0 10.0 Unemployed % A2 2.6 2.5 3.1 6.5 5.5 5.3 6.1 4.5 4.8 A8 5.1 3.7 4.2 4.8 5.1 6.1 6.2 4.5 3.3 Others 4.2 4.5 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.0 4.9 4.3 Unemployment Benefit A2 0.1 1.0 1.4 1.3 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 A8 0.2 0.5 1.1 1.1 1.3 2.0 2.6 2.0 0.8 Others 1.8 1.9 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.3 2.3 1.7 Sickness Benefit % A2 0.8 0.3 1.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.4 A8 0.4 0.7 0.3 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 Others 6.8 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 Child Benefit % A2 7.1 13.1 14.3 12.4 16.0 17.3 18.6 20.2 18.5 A8 15.1 19.2 21.8 24.4 23.8 31.1 28.2 27.6 26.6 Others 20.5 20.4 20.6 21.0 20.5 20.6 18.9 18.4 17.7 Tax Credits % A2 1.8 7.2 6.6 8.3 11.7 15.0 11.1 11.1 11.7 A8 11.0 14.9 18.3 20.3 20.5 22.9 20.3 18.8 16.5 Others 14.5 14.9 15.7 16.5 15.3 13.2 11.8 11.3 10.6 Housing Benefit % A2 0.1 1.0 2.8 2.2 5.6 5.2 7.3 5.8 8.7 A8 2.5 3.4 5.1 6.2 8.0 9.8 10.2 9.6 7.4 Others 6.7 6.8 7.4 8.2 8.5 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.4 Source: UK Labour Force Survey, 2007-2015 (pooled quarters)

rev2-a2-change-status-21-march-2017