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HLF Review 2016

About The Forum The

About The Forum The Awards Abel Prize The Abel Prize is awarded every year for outstanding scientific work in the field of mathematics, including mathematical aspects of computer science, mathematical physics, probability, numerical analysis and scientific computing, statistics, and also applications of mathematics in the sciences. In addition to honoring outstanding mathematicians, the Abel Prize contributes towards raising the status of mathematics in society and cultivating the interest of children and young people in mathematics. The Abel Prize, named after Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829), and the Fields Medal have often been described as the “Mathematician’s Nobel Prizes.” The prize amount is NOK 6 million. abelprize.no ACM A.M. Turing Award As an annual prize, the ACM gives the ACM A.M. Turing Award, ACM’s oldest and most prestigious award, for major contributions of lasting importance to computing. The ACM A.M. Turing Award is often regarded as the “Nobel Prize of Computing” and is recognized as the “highest distinction in computer science.” It was named in honor of Alan Mathison Turing (1912–1954), the British mathematician and computer scientist widely considered as the father of theoretical computer science. The award is presented each June at the ACM Awards Banquet and is accompanied by a prize of USD 1,000,000. amturing.acm.org 36

About The Forum Fields Medal The Fields Medal is one of the two prestigious awards granted at the International Congress of Mathematics every four years. It recognizes outstanding mathematical achievement for existing work and for the promise of future achievement. Two to four medals are awarded to mathematicians who have to be younger than forty years of age on January 1 of the Congress year. The Fields Medal, established in 1936 and named after the Canadian mathematician J. C. Fields, is one of the most prestigious awards in the field of mathematics and often described as the “Nobel Prize of Mathematics.” There is also a monetary prize of CAD 15,000 accompanying the Medal. mathunion.org/general/prizes/fields Nevanlinna Prize The Rolf Nevanlinna Prize is presented on the occasion of the International Congress of Mathematicians as well, and signifies outstanding contributions in “Mathematical Aspects of Information Sciences.” For the prize winner, the same requirements as for the Fields medalists apply: An awardee’s 40th birthday must not occur before January 1 of the year of the Congress at which the prize is awarded. The prize was established in 1981 and named to honor the Finnish mathematician Rolf Nevanlinna. mathunion.org/general/prizes/nevanlinna 37