Understanding healthy lifestyles: a phenomenological and sociodemographic exploration of parental and child perceptions Nicole Haviland, John Daniels Aim and Objective: Parents have a significant influence on their child’s lifestyle and their influence is one of the key determinants for their child’s diet, activity level and weight (Yao and Rhodes, 2015). It is acknowledged that parents are misinterpreting their child’s weight (Black et al. 2015). More significantly, if they are from deprived backgrounds (Black et al. 2015). Further research needs to be undertaken to explore why parents are misinterpreting their child’s lifestyle. Exploring their attitudes and lived experiences towards diet and physical activity behaviours may contribute to informing public intervention and policy. The aim of this research is to identify and understand sociodemographic phenomena of parental and child perceptions of lifestyle and attempt to comprehend why parents from different sociodemographic background may have different attitudes towards healthy lifestyles. Research Design and Methods: Sallis et al. (1998) suggested that controlled experimental trials have constrained researchers’ understanding of the realities of people’s lifestyle choices. Therefore, this research study will utilise a mixed methods, phenomenological methodology and an interpretivist epistemology (Bryman, 2016), in order to explore phenomena behind parental perception of their children’s lifestyle. Methods involved: validated structured questionnaires parents (Jaballas et al. 2011) and children (Edmunds and Zieblands, 2002). Supervised focus group with the children in KS2 and face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with the parents. The study will involve approximately 30 families from contrasting sociodemographic profiles. This is based on the timeline for the research and allowing enough participants to explore lifestyle phenomena. Schools will be purposefully selected based on their sociodemographic area. Contribution to Knowledge and Potential Impact The findings of this research may help our understanding of sociodemographic phenomena of parental and child perceptions of lifestyle, providing key information for interventions aim to change the lives of families Trans-national Gender Variant Identities: Gender Identity Recognition in Greece Roussa Kasapidou This presentation will focus on an ongoing PhD research, which explores the tensions emerging from the lack of gender identity legal recognition within the Greek cultural, legal, and political context. Recent years have seen an intensification of the (inter)national debates and jurisprudence on sexual/gender citizenship (Moore and Currah, 2015; West, 2014). Consequently, Europe’s national legislators are expected to provide gender recognition procedures, which are in accordance with protected human rights and the standards set by European guidelines. At the same time, preliminary discussions for changing the Greek legal framing of gender are taking place in a constantly shifting political landscape of austerity and instability in the midst of an unfolding financial, social, and political crisis. The presented project examines the legislative reaction of the modern Greek state and its effect on trans people within its territory. (Trans is the preferred term for individuals, whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from their perceived anatomical sex.) Moreover, it utilizes the legacy of UK trans legal theory, concerning gender identity and its legal recognition (Currah, 2006), as well as, its contextualization within European Institutions (Whittle, 2013). A mixed methodology (archival research, content analysis of legal texts, key-interviews) is used to address the challenges presented by the cultural and legal specificities, which shape the lives of trans individuals in Greece. These lives are the centre, the very heart of the presented research, as they are inextricably bound with the legislative regulation of gender identity, giving, thus, a sense of vital necessity to such a research focus.
Integration of the flow duration curve result into digital filtering algorithms to estimate the river base flow contribution Ruqayah Mohammed, Miklas Scholz Ground water involvements to streamflow estimation is considered as a critical step for evaluating climate change and drought events impacts on basin hydrological responses. Accordingly, and for better understanding the potential impact of river damming linked to climate change and drought phenomena, the current study produced a simple but comprehensive methodology. The proposed methodology based on integrating the results of flow duration curve (FDC) with Eckhardt and Chapman filtering algorithms and using daily hydro-climatologic recorded and simulated streamflow alteration data. To demonstrate the new methodology, the Lower Zab River basin (LZRB), north Iraq, has been selected as a case study. The Indicators of Hydrologic Alteration (IHA) method and the reconnaissance drought index (RDI) have been ultilised. Based on the obtained results, some of the underground water responds to precipitation events, therefore, an evident rise in groundwater contribution has been observed over the water years 1998-2001 and 2006-2008 due to a sharp decline in the average precipitation. Furthermore, the water yielded from the basin storage system during the dry periods causes the observed variations in base flow index (BFI) values between the pre- and post-river damming time periods. Considering the BFI long-term seasonal variation, index values started to rise in April and hit their extreme value by the end of June while a stable decline has been noted between August and September. Finite Element Modelling of Snowboard Wrist Protectors Chloe Newton-Mann, Keith Winwood, Heather Driscoll, Nick Hamilton , Tom Allen Snowboarding has become a popular activity enjoyed by 10-15 million people worldwide. Injury risk whilst snowboarding is higher than alpine skiing. Of the injuries sustained, the forearm and wrist are the most common injury sites, accounting for 35-45%. Wrist protectors can prevent such injuries by limiting hyperextension and attenuating impact forces. Currently, there are a wide range of wrist protector concepts available (e.g. short splints, long, palmer or dorsal), but little consensus as to optimal protection. This can be attributed to a lack of an International Standard (draft under review) benchmarking the minimum protective thresholds. Mechanical tests can be effective when analysing products and prototypes, but it is often limited when predicting the influence of design change. Finite Element Analysis is an established technique that could be applied to further our understanding of wrist protector designs prior to the need for prototypes. Therefore, the aim of this present study is to develop a finite element model for predicting the protective levels of snowboard wrist protectors. Geometries of a protector will be recreated in a computer aided design package, along with the surrogate model from the draft standard. A model will be developed in ANSYS/LS DYNA to simulate a surrogate/surface impact. The model will identify the influence of different design features on the protective performance of wrist protectors, aiding to potentially reduce the number of injuries in snowboarding. This presentation will include an overview of the selection of a guard and the model developed so far during this project.