‘Food SME / Community Collaboration: Towards Food Waste as Everybody’s Business!’ Toni Burrowes-Cromwell This Operational Research project explores how food SME/ community partnership against food waste may be enhanced by relational thinking and action. Food is unlike any other business commodity. It is a vital resource which everyone needs. In the UK, loss or removal of food materials from the value chain is becoming acknowledged as unsustainable wastage. While extant literature is revealing deliberate corporate buy-in to address this by working with communities (e.g. consumers, charities, groups), the SME profile appears to be in striking contrast. Yet, SMEs comprise the largest segment of the UK private sector and their participation is essential for addressing national food waste. Operationalising this is wrought with systemic complexity. If these enterprises are not to lag behind the corporate sector, they will need support opting in to potential business benefits from resource efficient practice. Food SME/ community cooperation presents an opportunity. Using a case study approach, it examines an SME industry / community ‘hub’ and, appropriate lens for enquiry, analysing and optimizing partnership against food waste. This project is sympathetic to SME diversity of: size, scope, capacity, specialization and community setting. One important issue is the phenomenal culture change required, not just in how these enterprises operate but how they cooperate with community stakeholders. The study will inform discussion about supporting food SME resource efficiency. It will also help to create an SME/ community relational framework for combatting food waste- consistent with the waste to resource goals of a UK circular economy. A Novel Photocatalytic Plasma Reactor for Hydrogen Production from Waste Gases. Samuel Capp, David Sawtell, Peter Kelly, Craig Banks, Zaenab Abd-Allah The need for reliable, alternative fuel sources is one of the most important challenges faced by mankind today. Along with this, the Paris Agreement involving 188 countries pledged to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees until 2100. Therefore the move to low emission fuel sources is crucial. Hydrogen is one prospect for energy production as it is a zeroemission fuel, however a disadvantage of using hydrogen is the ability of efficiently obtaining it for use. One exciting solution is the use of non-thermal, photocatalytic, atmospheric-pressure, plasma reactors to convert waste gases such as methane and CO 2 from landfill sites into hydrogen and other valuable chemicals. Plasma is a fully or partially ionised gas giving it unique physical properties. Non-thermal plasma, meaning it is not in thermal equilibrium, is advantageous due to the ability to produce it at atmospheric pressure and temperature. Plasma and catalysts often operate synergistically, the plasma creates excited and reactive species which interact with the catalyst at temperatures which thermal catalysis would be ineffective. The aim is to devise a novel photocatalytic plasma reactor to convert waste gases into hydrogen, other valuable synthetic gases and to open the door to using non-thermal plasma reactors for use in industry as a greener option to obtain hydrogen. The move to hydrogen as an energy would not only change the lives of humans, be that social, political, environmental or economical, but also change the lives of animals in habitats which are affected by human induced climate change.
Changing Lives Through People Management Capability: An SME Perspective Charles Dahwa Imagine seeking to change lives of Mancunians or Londoners without people! Equally, how could we possibly change the lives of our societies including our flora and fauna without relevant stock of human capital? Even more intriguing: unless we possess effective people management capability (PMC) we cannot effectively change lives because we cannot comprehensively unlock, for example, employees’ competencies and knowledge, (Georgiadisa & Pitelis, 2012). If there are any competencies and knowledge which require unlocking for enhanced sustainable economic development and indeed for significant changing of lives it is none other than those for employees in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Sadly, SMEs are deemed to lack effective PMC, (Rauch & Hatach, 2016) and yet they are the engine that drives economic growth. Furthermore, amidst research evidence (ibid) that human resource management(HRM) impacts positively on performance, in sharp contrast, SMEs are observed to prefer against employing and growing, (BIS, 2015; Annabelle et al, 2015). Consequently, how best to foster PMC in SMEs has become a key academic and policy agenda albeit is largely still a “black box”, (Nolan & Garavan, 2016). Therefore, in light of this “black box” the researcher seeks to understand PMC in SMEs and a key objective of this research shall be to explore how SME owner managers, acquire, learn and utilize HRM knowledge. Driven by the stance that SME life is not universal and objective the researcher shall employ personal and focus group interviews coupled with grounded theory analysis to gain in-depth understanding and generate relevant theories. The Influence of Space Layout Design on Occupant’s Energy Consumption Behaviour in Non-domestic Buildings Elham Delzendeh, Song Wu In the past 15 years, the calculation of energy consumption in buildings has become more critical due to growing concern to respond to the climate change issue. The estimation of energy demand in buildings is therefore a critical process during design stage. Yet, there is a considerable discrepancy between the predicted and actual energy consumption in buildings due to occupants’ energy consumption behaviours. Occupants’ interactions with building systems play a significant role in building’s energy consumption. However, analysis of occupants’ actual energy behaviours has been largely overlooked in building’s energy performance analysis. Different research have been performed with the aim to better understand parameters affecting occupant’s energy behaviour with special focus on climatic, economics, regulations and social/personal parameters. Interior design of the space, too, has various impacts on behaviours of occupants and their interactions with building systems which affect the energy consumption of buildings. Space layout is a stage in interior design and includes the special embellishment of objects and furniture within the space. It localises occupants’ activities and affects their choices of behaviours. This research aims to quantify the impacts of space layout on occupants’ energy behaviours to provide a guideline to reach the sustainable behaviour goal in space layout design. The methodology comprises of real monitoring of occupants in different alternatives of space layout in a nondomestic case study and comparing the variations in energy consumption of the space using energy simulation tools. Understanding parameters influencing occupants’ behaviours is a step towards changing behaviours and changing lives.