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Effects of Knitted

Effects of Knitted Fabric Parameters on Functional Sportswear for Football Seikokotlelo Motlogelwa Textile innovations in sportswear manufacturing enhance specific requirements for athletes in different disciplines. Functional sportswear for football is engineered to enhance clothing to enable footballers to perform at a cutting edge. The required function from such clothing is to absorb sweat, dissipate heat and dry fast to keep the body cool. Properties such as lightweight, temperature regulation, moisture management and stretch add value for performance of football clothing. The most important issue is to create a stable climate next to skin for these properties to be supported. Fabrics interact with the skin; therefore, play an important role in creating a stable climate, which make them important to consider in product development of functional clothing. A number of knitted fabric variables contribute to the climate, which in turn influence perceived comfort of garments. These variables include the fibre type, the yarns and the fabric design. The purpose of this study is to evaluate knitted fabrics geometry and comfort variables and their effect to the function of football clothing. Attitudes of adolescents with food allergies: A systematic review Kristina Newman, Rebecca Knibb, Richard Cooke Aims: To conduct a systematic literature review to explore attitudes towards food allergies in adolescents aged 11-18 years. Method: A systematic search of 8 electronic databases was conducted. Papers that included data from participants aged 11-18 years with a food allergy that referred to their attitudes were retrieved and analysed. Results were synthesised with thematic analysis. Results: 12 relevant papers were identified, which revealed six themes related to attitudes. Adolescents were skeptical about food labeling and ‘may contain’ labels. Generally, the further from home, the more risky a place was believed to be. AAI’s were stated as inconvenient to carry, however also a safety net. Risk assessment considered fear of anaphylaxis but also rebellion and a desire to be accepted. Peer attitudes directly affected the attitudes of food-allergic individuals. Adolescents highlighted a need for education in schools and the wider community. Finally, food-allergic adolescents talked about a desire to be normal while being frustrated with the burden of the food allergy. This was also evident in balancing responsibilities with parents and a shift in attitudes as the adolescents grew older. Conclusion: Despite being the age group most at risk for a fatal reaction, research specifically on 11-16 year olds with food allergies was not typically found. Children in the UK attend secondary school aged 11-18 years and experience a change in attitudes, develop allergic identity and manage risks. Additional research explicitly into secondary school years may provide further insights into attitudes surrounding food allergies.

SABRE: “Fast and Fluorinated” –Potential Imaging Agents of the Future? Thomas Robertson SABRE (Signal Amplification by Reversible Exchange) is a relatively new technique, first reported in 2009. SABRE can be used to significantly improve signals in NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). Potentially SABRE can change the world of medical imaging through vastly improved signal strength and therefore, result in less scans being required to obtain an image. SABRE is one of several ‘hyperpolarisation’ techniques available to improve NMR and MRI data, some of which are currently undergoing clinical testing. However, SABRE offers a significant advantage over alternative techniques as molecules native to the body can be hyperpolarised- avoiding toxicity concerns. In currently published literature the ‘benchmark’ of this technique, pyridine, has been hyperpolarised to give a signal 5500 times stronger than that detected without the use of SABRE. Initial investigations to support the viability of fluorinated molecules in medical imaging will be presented as there is currently limited published literature demonstrating the application of SABRE to fluorinated molecules. Some obstacles remain before SABRE is ready to apply to human MRI and these will also be presented. Potential problems include the need to change from a catalyst in solution performing SABRE to a solid support, thus avoiding potential catalyst toxicity and reducing the techniques cost. My research aims to apply SABRE to a biological system, support the potential of fluorinated contrast agents and establish that SABRE can be used to change lives through significantly improved medical imagining, for disease diagnosis. Exploring the Implementation of Professional Learning Communities in Malaysian Schools Khairul Anuar Saad Part of the Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013-2025 outlines teachers’ transformation into their profession of choice. To enable this transition, Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) has been established to assist in developing high quality teachers who can achieve their full potential. One of the key elements of PLCs is peer coaching. However, even though the implementation of PLCs spans a large number of schools across the country, findings show shared values and practice dimensions contained within peer coaching as a core element only show moderate to low levels of engagement among teachers (Abdullah, and Ghani, 2014; Ismail, Baharom, and Ghani, 2014). Therefore, this study will investigate whether peer coaching benefits teachers and contributes to their professional development. This mixed methods approach will consider teacher's perspectives on peer coaching implementation, commitment and self-efficacy through the use of questionnaire (Mowday, et al, 1979; Rajab, 2013; Schwarzer, et al., 1999). Teachers' observation on the implementation of peer coaching will be collected through semi-structured interviews with the teachers, principals and state officers to explore the role of supporting the peer coaching program in schools and to consider how the findings relate to the use of peer coaching as a PLCs strategy. This study will also explore how peer coaching is practiced by secondary school teachers and focus on the impact of teachers’ commitment and self-efficacy. Results from this study will be useful for policy makers both at school and national level in supporting PLCs and retaining quality teachers.

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