5 Poland Table 3 Respondents’ views on the statement ‘Over recent decades the world has become more interconnected. There is greater free trade between countries and easier communication across the globe. Money, people, cultures, jobs and industries all move more easily between countries. Generally speaking, do you think this has had a positive or negative effect on…’ Total (%) Law and Justice party supporters (%) Civic Platform supporters (%) Europe as a whole Positive 79 76 90 Negative 12 16 6 Don’t know 9 9 4 Poland as a whole Positive 80 79 91 Negative 13 14 7 Don’t know 7 6 3 Your local area Positive 77 76 88 Negative 11 14 5 Don’t know 12 10 6 Your own life Positive 72 72 82 Negative 11 13 7 Don’t know 17 15 11 Source: YouGov polling for Demos.
329 These general pro-European attitudes have been grounded in the perception of many that Poland has benefited from membership in the EU on numerous levels. According to a survey conducted on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of Polish membership in the EU, these benefits include freedom of movement (especially free flow of labour) and the transfer of EU funds to Poland. According to the same poll, most Poles believe that accession to the EU has strengthened the international security of the country (72 per cent) and Poland’s position in Europe (74 per cent). 41 How is it possible a Eurosceptic party such as the Law and Justice party can manage to win parliamentary elections in one of the most pro-globalisation and Euro-enthusiastic countries in the EU? The possibility of leaving the EU remains taboo in the mainstream public debate and even Eurosceptic Law and Justice party politicians do not mention it as an option, arguing instead for a repatriation of EU powers back to member states, for example by giving national parliaments the power to veto legislation coming from Brussels. Table 4 Respondents’ answers to the question ‘Do you think Poland’s long-term policy should be…’ Total (%) Law and Justice party supporters (%) Civic Platform supporters (%) To leave the EU 8 13 1 To stay in the EU and try to reduce the EU’s powers 32 46 23 To leave things as they are 21 12 40 To stay in the EU and try to increase the EU’s powers To work for the formation of a single European government 14 10 17 10 6 10 Don’t know 15 12 8 Source: YouGov polling for Demos.