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APPENDIX 2: SPECIAL SOUND MNEMONICS This section provides additional details for a few sound mnemonics. Ji- There is no equivalent sound in the five European languages to accurately reflect the pinyin sounds beginning with ji followed by a vowel (jia, jian, jie, jiu, etc.). As such, in this book, ji will be replaced by the English ‘the’, which when followed by a vowel, is pronounced ‘thee’. In our case, we will imagine being a foreigner having difficulty with the infamous English ‘th’ sound, and will replace it with the ‘j’ sound, thus pronouncing ‘thee’ like ‘jee.’ For example, ‘the end,’ pronounced ‘jee end,’ will be used for the first tone of pinyin jian. The sound word, when introduced, is preceded by a superscript j to remind you of this. Ju Pinyin sounds beginning with ‘ju’ are pronounced with the sound ‘dj’ followed by the French ‘u’ or the German ‘ü.’ The best approximation for the sound ‘dj’ in this case is French Canadian sound ‘d’. This book uses French sound words beginning with the syllable ‘du’ or German sound words beginning with the syllable ‘dü’ to stand for the pinyin ju sound. However, English, Spanish or Italian sound words beginning with the syllable ‘du’ stand for the pinyin du sound. 一 百 一 十 一 111

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